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1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1278, 2019 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894539

RESUMO

Although single-atomically dispersed metal-Nx on carbon support (M-NC) has great potential in heterogeneous catalysis, the scalable synthesis of such single-atom catalysts (SACs) with high-loading metal-Nx is greatly challenging since the loading and single-atomic dispersion have to be balanced at high temperature for forming metal-Nx. Herein, we develop a general cascade anchoring strategy for the mass production of a series of M-NC SACs with a metal loading up to 12.1 wt%. Systematic investigation reveals that the chelation of metal ions, physical isolation of chelate complex upon high loading, and the binding with N-species at elevated temperature are essential to achieving high-loading M-NC SACs. As a demonstration, high-loading Fe-NC SAC shows superior electrocatalytic performance for O2 reduction and Ni-NC SAC exhibits high electrocatalytic activity for CO2 reduction. The strategy paves a universal way to produce stable M-NC SAC with high-density metal-Nx sites for diverse high-performance applications.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 57(11): 6753-6761, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29792317

RESUMO

By utilizing zinc amalgam as an in situ reductant and pH regulator, mild hydrothermal reaction between UO2(CH3COO)2·2H2O, H2SO4, and Cs2CO3 or between UO2(CH3COO)2·2H2O, C2H4(SO3H)2, and K2CO3 yielded a novel cesium UIV sulfate trimer Cs4[U3O(SO4)7]·2.2H2O (1) and a new potassium UIV disulfonic hexamer K[U6O4(OH)5(H2O)5][C2H4(SO3)2]6·6H2O (2), respectively. Compound 1 features a lamellar structure with a honeycomb lattice, and it represents an unprecedented trimeric UIV cluster composed of purely inorganic moieties. Complex 2 is built from hexanuclear U4+ cores and K+ ions interconnected by µ5-[C2H4(SO3)2]2- groups, leading to the construction of an extended framework rather than commonly observed discrete, neutral molecular sulfonate clusters. The various binding modes of the sulfate and disulfonate groups, especially the multidentate ones, enable additional bridging between metal ions, which promotes oligomerization and isolation of polynuclear species. Furthermore, compound 1 exhibits both ion-exchange properties and the Alexandrite effect, and it is the second example of a uranium complex without chromic functional ligands displaying the latter feature.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 138(10): 3570-8, 2016 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26906342

RESUMO

Understanding the origin of high activity of Fe-N-C electrocatalysts in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is critical but still challenging for developing efficient sustainable nonprecious metal catalysts in fuel cells and metal-air batteries. Herein, we developed a new highly active Fe-N-C ORR catalyst containing Fe-N(x) coordination sites and Fe/Fe3C nanocrystals (Fe@C-FeNC), and revealed the origin of its activity by intensively investigating the composition and the structure of the catalyst and their correlations with the electrochemical performance. The detailed analyses unambiguously confirmed the coexistence of Fe/Fe3C nanocrystals and Fe-N(x) in the best catalyst. A series of designed experiments disclosed that (1) N-doped carbon substrate, Fe/Fe3C nanocrystals or Fe-N(x) themselves did not deliver the high activity; (2) the catalysts with both Fe/Fe3C nanocrystals and Fe-N(x) exhibited the high activity; (3) the higher content of Fe-N(x) gave the higher activity; (4) the removal of Fe/Fe3C nanocrystals severely degraded the activity; (5) the blocking of Fe-N(x) downgraded the activity and the recovery of the blocked Fe-N(x) recovered the activity. These facts supported that the high ORR activity of the Fe@C-FeNC electrocatalysts should be ascribed to that Fe/Fe3C nanocrystals boost the activity of Fe-N(x). The coexistence of high content of Fe-N(x) and sufficient metallic iron nanoparticles is essential for the high ORR activity. DFT calculation corroborated this conclusion by indicating that the interaction between metallic iron and Fe-N4 coordination structure favored the adsorption of oxygen molecule. These new findings open an avenue for the rational design and bottom-up synthesis of low-cost highly active ORR electrocatalysts.

4.
Adv Mater ; 27(17): 2753-61, 2015 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25821075

RESUMO

Substitutional heterovalent doping represents an effective method to control the optical and electronic properties of nanocrystals (NCs). Highly monodisperse II-VI NCs with deep substitutional dopants are presented. The NCs exhibit stable, dominant, and strong dopant fluorescence, and control over n- and p-type electronic impurities is achieved. Large-scale, bottom-up superlattices of the NCs will speed up their application in electronic devices.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(1): 91-3, 2012 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22057384

RESUMO

The modulation of the distribution of magnetic ions embedded in the host is crucial for the functionality of dilute magnetic semiconductors. Through an element-specific structural characterization, we observe the formation and enhancement of an unrevealed Co-doped ZnO phase and consequently magnetic properties from paramagnetism to ferromagnetism are controlled by surface-modification.

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