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1.
Anal Chem ; 92(4): 2902-2906, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013407

RESUMO

Efficient separation of electron-hole pairs is vitally crucial to enhancing the analytical performance of paper-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) bioanalysis. Herein, a simple but effective strategy is developed to modulate the effective separation of photogenerated electrons and holes via introducing a polar charge carriers-created (PCC) electric field induced by a classical perovskite ferroelectric BaTiO3 (BTO). By inserting it between the n-type WO3 nanoflakes and p-type Cu2O (WO3 nanoflakes/BTO/Cu2O), the photoelectrode is endowed with a renewable PCC electric field, as a sustaining driving force, to guarantee the realization of directional separation of charge carrier (DSCC) strategy in PEC bioanalysis. The enduring PCC electric field can attract the electrons of Cu2O and holes of WO3, respectively, thereby regulating the directional migration of charge carriers and achieving an enhanced PEC photocurrent for the ultrasensitive quantification based on the highly efficient separation of electron-hole pairs. Consequently, with respect to WO3 nanoflakes/Cu2O and WO3 nanoflakes photoelectrode, the polarized WO3 nanoflakes/BTO/Cu2O photoelectrode exhibits 1.7 and 10.9 times higher photocurrent density, respectively. Benefiting from this, the prominent photocurrent density is obtained which is extremely beneficial for enhancing the sensitivity of PEC bioanalysis. Ultimately, the ultrasensitive detection of model prostate specific antigen (PSA) is realized and presents a linear range of 0.1 pg/mL-50 ng/mL with the detection limitation of 0.036 pg/mL. This work provides the basis for understanding the role of the polarized electric field induced by ferroelectric in tuning the charge separation as well as insights on strategies for constructing high-performance paper-based PEC bioanalysis.

2.
Phytochemistry ; 172: 112282, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036186

RESUMO

Seventeen highly oxygenated and rearranged limonoids, including nine previously undescribed phragmalin-type limonoids with 1,8,9- and 8,9,30-orthesters (entanutilins C-K, 1-9), three undescribed limonoids with rare rearranged-6/6/7/5 skeleton (entanutilins L-N, 10-12), and 5 known limonoids, were isolated from the stem barks of Entandrophragma utile from Ghana (Africa). Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated based on comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, such as HRESIMS, 1D/2D-NMR, CD exciton chirality method, time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT)/ECD calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Bioactivity screenings suggested that some of these compounds effectively reversed resistance in MCF-7/DOX cells at a nontoxic concentration of 30 µM with 6- to 19-fold enhancing effects.

3.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mast cells (MCs) are important in allergic reactions. Here, we assess the anti-allergic effects of the anti-cancer drug tozasertib specifically regarding regulatory effects on MCs activation. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Tozasertib effects on MC degranulation was determined by measuring ß-hexosaminidase and histamine release and by assessing morphological changes in RBL-2H3 and mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) stimulated with mouse anti-dinitrophenyl (DNP)-immunoglobulin E (IgE)/DNP-human serum albumin (HSA) or human LAD2 cells activated with phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate plus calcium ionophore (PMACI). Western blots were performed to detect the expression of molecules involved in NF-κB, MAPK, and aurora kinase signaling. In vivo anti-allergic effects of tozasertib were determined in the murine IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) and ovalbumin-induced active systemic anaphylaxis (ASA) models. KEY RESULTS: Tozasertib treatment resulted in significantly decreased high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) or PMACI-mediated degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells and in BMMCs or LAD2 cells as evidenced by ß-hexosaminidase or histamine levels. Similarly, tozasertib prevented morphological changes in MCs, such as particle release and F-actin reorganization. In addition, tozasertib diminished the expression levels of phosphorylated (p)-NF-κB p65, p-Erk1/2, p-p38 and p-Aurora A/B markedly, indicating that tozasertib can inhibit the signaling pathway mediating MC activation. Tozasertib attenuated IgE/Ag-induced PCA dose-dependently, as evidenced by reduced Evans blue staining. Similarly, tozasertib reduced body temperature levels and serum histamine levels in OVA-challenged ASA mice. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The aurora kinase inhibitor tozasertib suppressed MC activation in vitro and in vivo. Tozasertib may be a potential drug for targeting MC activation to treat allergic diseases or mastocytosis.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1568, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005939

RESUMO

Central nervous system infection (CNSI) is a significant type of infection that plagues the fields of neurology and neurosurgical science. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of CNSI is a major challenge in clinical and laboratory assessments; however, developing new methods may help improve diagnostic protocols. This study evaluated the second-generation micro/nanofluidic chip platform (MNCP-II), which overcomes the difficulties of diagnosing bacterial and fungal infections in the CNS. The MNCP-II is simple to operate, and can identify 44 genus or species targets and 35 genetic resistance determinants in 50 minutes. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the second-generation micro/nanofluidic chip platform for CNSI in a multicenter study. The limit of detection (LOD) using the second-generation micro/nanofluidic chip platform was first determined using six different microbial standards. A total of 180 bacterium/fungi-containing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures and 26 CSF samples collected from CNSI patients with negative microbial cultures were evaluated using the MNCP-II platform for the identification of microorganism and determinants of genetic resistance. The results were compared to those obtained with conventional identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods. The LOD of the various microbes tested with the MNCP-II was found to be in the range of 250-500 copies of DNA. For the 180 CSF microbe-positive cultures, the concordance rate between the platform and the conventional identification method was 90.00%; eight species attained 100% consistency. In the detection of 9 kinds of antibiotic resistance genes, including carbapenemases, ESBLs, aminoglycoside, vancomycin-related genes, and mecA, concordance rates with the conventional antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods exceeded 80.00%. For carbapenemases and ESBLs-related genes, both the sensitivity and positive predictive values of the platform tests were high (>90.0%) and could fully meet the requirements of clinical diagnosis. MNCP-II is a very effective molecular detection platform that can assist in the diagnosis of CNSI and can significantly improve diagnostic efficiency.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18812, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011488

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in females. The most common sites of metastasis are bone, lung, liver, and brain. Gastrointestinal and adrenal gland metastasis from breast cancer are rare. Simultaneous metastases are extremely rare. Therefore, it is critically important to choose proper examination and treatment since the rapid diagnosis and primary treatment can significantly affect the survival of patients. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case of initial dual metastasis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient had a history of left breast cancer, and she underwent left breast-conserving surgery with sentinel lymph node biopsy 2 years ago. She was hospitalized in our center with the complaints of a stomach and lower back pain, which started suddenly and was progressively increased for half a month. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography, gastroscopy, and immunohistochemical staining, especially GATA3 and mammaglobin, confirmed that there was simultaneous gastric and adrenal metastases. INTERVENTIONS: She was eligible for the IMpassion131 clinical trials, a Phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial under treatment with atezolizumab/palcebo plus paclitaxel as adjuvant-therapy. OUTCOMES: She was still undergoing the therapy and waiting for the further evaluation. LESSONS: In order to better understand metastatic pathways of breast carcinoma, publications of individual patient cases diagnosed with rare metastatic sites should be encouraged, especially for the simultaneous rare metastatic sites. This might improve our understanding of metastatic behavior of breast cancer and promote further clinical research.

6.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961017

RESUMO

The pluripotent mouse embryonal carcinoma cell line P19 is widely used as a model for research on all-trans-retinoid acid (RA)-induced neuronal differentiation; however, the signaling pathways involved in this process remain unclear. This study aimed to reveal the molecular mechanism underlying the RA-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to determine the expression of neuronal-specific markers, whereas flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and cell apoptosis. The expression profiles of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in RA-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells were analyzed using high-throughput sequencing, and the functions of differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) were determined by bioinformatics analysis. RA induced an increase in both class III ß-tubulin (TUBB3) and neurofilament medium (NEFM) mRNA expression, indicating that RA successfully induces neuronal differentiation of P19 cells. Cell apoptosis was not affected; however, cell proliferation decreased. We found 4117 DEMs, which were enriched in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, and cell cycle. Particularly, a few DEMs could be identified in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway networks, such as PI3K, Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK3ß), cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), P21, and Bax. RA significantly increased the protein expression of PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated Akt, GSK3ß, phosphorylated GSK3ß, CDK4, and P21, but it reduced Bax protein expression. The Akt inhibitor affected the increase of TUBB3 and NEFM mRNA expression in RA-induced P19 cells. The molecular mechanism underlying the RA-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells is potentially involved in the PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling pathway. The decreased cell proliferation ability of neuronally differentiated P19 cells could be associated with the expression of cell cycle proteins.

7.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 21, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence shows that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential as a cellular therapy avenue for schistosome-induced liver injury. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membranous vesicles released by almost all cell types, and EVs produced by MSCs (MSC-EVs) exert therapeutic effects in several disease models. However, the potential of MSC-EVs in schistosomiasis treatment remains unclear. METHODS: Using survival analysis, HE and Masson's trichrome staining, immunohistochemical, western blot analysis, real-time PCR, and EdU proliferation, we investigated the effects of human umbilical cord MSC-derived EVs (hUCMSC-EVs) on the survival and liver injury in the S. japonicum-infected mice and explored the underlying mechanism. RESULTS: Here, we found that like hUCMSCs, hUCMSC-EVs significantly ameliorated liver injury and improved the survival of schistosome-infected mice. Indeed, the hUCMSC-EV-mediated alleviation of liver injury is associated with decreased expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen 1, and collagen 3. More importantly, we showed that hUCMSC-EVs directly suppressed the proliferation of LX2 (human hepatic stellate cell) in vitro. In addition, hUCMSC-EVs significantly downregulated the activation of LX2 after transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) treatment. CONCLUSION: Our results provided the first evidence that hUCMSC-EVs reduced liver injury in S. japonicum-infected mice, potentially creating new avenues for the treatment of liver damage in schistosomiasis.

8.
Stem Cells Dev ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964233

RESUMO

Stem cell dysfunction and failure have been found in joints afflicted by osteoarthritis (OA). However, the exact factors in the OA microenvironment that impair stem cell functions and the role of stem cell dysfunction in OA development have not been fully clarified. In this study, we evaluated the functional status of synovial mesenchymal stem cells (SMSCs) from OA patients and explored the influence of OA-SMSCs on cartilage degradation in a rat model. We then screened 138 Wnt signaling-related genes in the synovium of OA patients, focusing on the effects of 5 WNT ligands on SMSC functions. The OA synovium showed mild hyperplasia, and we found a large number of CD90+/CD105+ stem cells in synovial hyperplasia. The OA-SMSCs revealed a cellular senescence phenotype, with decreased proliferation and chondrogenic capacity, accompanied by enhanced migration, proinflammatory and matrix degradation activities. The intra-articular transplantation of these OA-SMSCs significantly aggravated the degradation and destruction of the articular cartilage. Of 138 Wnt signaling genes, the expression of 86 genes was consistently altered in the OA synovium, among which the increased expression of DVL2, WNT10A and DKK3 was the most marked. In general, we found that canonical Wnt/ß-catenin pathways were inhibited in the OA synovium, whereas noncanonical PCP and Wnt/Ca2+ pathways were activated. In vitro, WNT10A had an obvious antisenescence effect on SMSCs. WNT5B significantly inhibited the chondrogenic differentiation of SMSCs, and WNT10A and WNT5A increased the expression of inflammatory cytokines in SMSCs. In a rat model, WNT5A significantly aggravated joint degeneration, whereas WNT10A had a mild protective effect on cartilage integrity. In conclusion, stem cells in the OA synovium were functionally abnormal and promoted the development of OA, while dysregulation of the Wnt signaling pathway revealed a comprehensive influence on SMSC functions and cartilage degradation.

9.
Ren Fail ; 42(1): 66-76, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928297

RESUMO

Purpose: Microwave ablation (MWA) is feasible for severe renal secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients ineligible for parathyroidectomy (PTX). Here we compared the clinical manifestations and characteristics of parathyroid glands in these two groups, and summarized the techniques, safety and efficacy of MWA.Methods: Baseline clinical characteristics, ablation-related techniques, adverse events/complications, and efficacy were recorded.Results: In SHPT group, malnutrition, cardiovascular/pulmonary complications, and abnormal bone metabolism were severe. SHPT patients had more hyperplastic parathyroid glands. The volume of each gland was smaller, and the time of ablation for a single parathyroid was shorter in the SHPT group, although there were no significant differences compared with patients in the PHPT group. Three patients in both groups had recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries and all recovered, except for one SHPT patient. By the end of follow-up, serum iPTH levels had decreased from 2400.26 ± 844.26 pg/mL to 429.39 ± 407.93 pg/mL (p < .01) in SHPT and from 297.73 ± 295.32 pg/mL to 72.22 ± 36.51 pg/mL in PHPT group (p < .01). Hypocalcemia was more common (p < .001) and serum iPTH levels were prone to rebound in SHPT patients after MWA.Conclusion: MWA can be reserved for those who had high surgical risks because of less invasiveness. Injuries of recurrent laryngeal nerves should be noticed. The health status, perioperative, and intraoperative procedures were more complicated and all parathyroids found by ultrasound should be ablated completely in SHPT patients.

10.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912615

RESUMO

Endophytic fungi can be beneficial to plant growth. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying colonization of Acremonium spp. remain unclear. In this study, a novel endophytic Acremonium strain was isolated from the buds of Panax notoginseng and named Acremonium sp. D212. The Acremonium sp. D212 could colonize the roots of P. notoginseng, enhance the resistance of P. notoginseng to root rot disease, and promote root growth and saponin biosynthesis in P. notoginseng. Acremonium sp. D212 could secrete indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and jasmonic acid (JA), and inoculation with the fungus increased the endogenous levels of IAA and JA in P. notoginseng. Colonization of the Acremonium sp. D212 in the roots of the rice line Nipponbare was dependent on the concentration of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) (2 to 15 µM) and 1-naphthalenacetic acid (NAA) (10 to 20 µM). Moreover, the roots of the JA signalling-defective coi1-18 mutant were colonized by Acremonium sp. D212 to a lesser degree than those of the wild-type Nipponbare and miR393b-overexpressing lines, and the colonization was rescued by MeJA but not by NAA. It suggests that the cross-talk between JA signalling and the auxin biosynthetic pathway plays a crucial role in the colonization of Acremonium sp. D212 in host plants. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22435, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916649

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNA urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) has been reported to sustain the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells through downregulating cell cycle regulators p27kip1 . Yet, the foundational mechanism of UCA1 in AML pathologies remains unclear. Herein, we found an escalation of UCA1 expression and suppression of miR-204 expression in pediatric AML patients and cells. UCA1 silencing suppressed cell proliferative abilities, promoted apoptotic rates, decreased Ki67, and increased cleaved caspase-3 in AML cells. Moreover, UCA1 sponged miR-204 and suppressed its expression. UCA1 overexpression inversed the miR-204 suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis. UCA1 also boosted the expression of SIRT1, a miR-204 target, via the sponging interaction. Furthermore, miR-204 inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 expression, while UCA1 overexpression inversed the inhibitory effects in AML cells. Our findings concluded that UCA1 downregulation repressed cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis through inactivating SIRT1 signals by upregulating miR-204 in pediatric AML.

12.
Scand J Immunol ; : e12867, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975405

RESUMO

Hesperetin (HES) is a dihydroflavone with the molecular formula of C16H14O6. It has been reported that Hesperetin has antioxidant and anticancer effects. Recent studies showed that it can also regulate immune responses. To assess its potential function as a vaccine adjuvant, we formulated HES with inactivated B16F10 melanoma cells and determined whether it would enhance the activation of antigen-presenting cells by experiments in vivo and in vitro. We found that HES activated the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway in antigen-presenting cells (APCs), enhanced cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses and deactivated tolerogenic T cells. We also observed that inactivated B16F10 cells in combination with HES vaccine inhibited the growth of mice tumours, resulting in improved overall survival compared to the effects of inactivated B16F10 cell vaccine. To verify that CD8+ T cells play a key role in inhibiting the development of melanoma, we transferred the sorted CD8+ T cells from immunized mice to B16F10 challenged models and found that the survival rate of tumour-bearing mice was significantly prolonged. Taken together, these results suggest that hesperetin can be used as a potential adjuvant to improve tumour immune responses and antigen immunogenicity.

13.
Biomacromolecules ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986015

RESUMO

Natural polysaccharides derived from renewable biomass sources are regarded as environmentally friendly and sustainable polymers. As the third most abundant biomacromolecule in nature, after proteins and nucleic acids, polysaccharides are also closely related with many different life activities. In particular, ß-glucans are one of the most widely reported bioactive polysaccharides and are usually considered as biological response modifiers. Among them, ß-glucans with triple-helix conformation have been the hottest and most well-researched polysaccharides at present, especially lentinan and schizophyllan, which are clinically used as cancer therapies in some Asian countries. Thus, creation of these active triple-helix polysaccharides is beneficial to the research and development of sustainable "green" biopolymers in the fields of food and life sciences. Therefore, full fundamental research of triple-helix polysaccharides is essential to discover more applications for polysaccharides. In this Review, the recent research progress of chain conformations, bioactivities, and structure-function relationships of triple-helix ß-glucans is summarized. The main contents include the characterization methods of the macromolecular conformation, proof of triple helices, bioactivities, and structure-function relationships. We believe that the governments, enterprises, universities, and institutes dealing with the survival and health of human beings can expect the development of natural bioproducts in the future. Hence, a deep understanding of ß-glucans with triple-helix chain conformation is necessary for application of natural medicines and biologics for a sustainable world.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961643

RESUMO

A transparent and flexible cellulose/KOH composite ionic film (CKF) is fabricated as a humidity sensor. CKF exhibits high optical transmittance (87.14% at 550 nm), which has rarely been reported among humidity sensors as a result of the small pore size of the cellulose matrix caused by water-evaporation-induced dense packing and uniform distribution of amorphous KOH via simply soaking-drying. CKF also possesses flexibility and robust mechanical property. The conductive CKF shows fast and reversible real-time response to relative humidity (RH) in the 11.3-97.3% RH range with conductance varying over 200 times, response/recovery times of 6.0/10.8 s, which are shorter than the majority of the reported values, as well as a hysteresis error of 0.57%, which is significantly less than that reported in the literature. Furthermore, CKF is insensitive to both the temperature (10-70 °C) and pressure (0-120 kPa), indicating high selectivity as humidity sensors. In both the non-contact fingertip moisture detection and breathing rate detection, the flexible and transparent CKF-based humidity sensor responds favorably to RH change. Moreover, a flexible and transparent CKF-based wearable skin moisture detector is assembled to measure the moisture of human skin in different situations, whose measurement is very close to the commercial detector. The results offer real-time moisture information on human skin and demonstrate the potential of a CKF-based moisture detector as a promising modular component in integrated intelligent wearable equipment.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993861

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive cancer subtype and lack of effective targeted therapies. It has been recently reported that Interleukin 17 (IL-17), a family of cytokines secreted in tumor microenvironment, affects tumor progression through a variety of molecular pathways. Its role in TNBC is so far still poorly explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed immunohistochemistry to evaluate the distribution of IL-17+ cells in TNBC with no special type features (TNBC-NST), their association with tumor microangiogenesis, as well as their impact on prognosis of the patients. RESULTS: In comparison to medullary carcinoma with triple-negative molecular features (TNBC-MC), we found a significant increase in IL-17+ cell infiltrates in intratumoral stroma and extratumoral stroma of TNBC-NST. Similarly, stromal cells with co-expression of CD4 and IL-17 were noted in intratumoral and extratumoral stroma in both TNBC-NST and TNBC-MC. In addition, intratumoral IL-17+ cells were positively associated with tumor cell expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and with intratumoral tumor microvascular density (MVD). Multivariate analysis identified that intratumoral IL-17+ cells (P = 0.018), MVD (P = 0.039), and TNM stage (P = 0.002) were independent prognostic factors for predicting poor PFS. CONCLUSION: The study indicates that IL-17 is overexpressed in intratumoral stromal cells of TNBC-NST. The overexpression of IL-17 might engage in active tumor microangiogenesis through its signal transduction pathways resulting in increased tumor secretion of VEGFA, and then promote tumor progression. IL-17 might serve as a potential new target for individualized therapy to TNBC-NST patients by development of specific antibodies. Additional study is deemed to further explore the role of IL-17+ stromal cells in breast cancer.

16.
Bioresour Technol ; 301: 122747, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935643

RESUMO

Temperature regulations (mesophilic/thermophilic) and digesting modes (mono-/co-digestion) play key roles in the biomethane potential of anaerobic digestion, but limited research focus on the synergetic effects on microbial interconnections of the biomethane process. In this study, the pineapple and maize residues under different operations were monitored by batch biogas assays and 16S high-throughput sequencing to explore: 1) biomethane potential regarding different operations, 2) microbial communities in different treated reactors, and 3) significant factors determine microbial distribution. Results showed that the co-digestion had higher methanogenic abundance and biomethane production (~3300 mLn) versus mono-digestion under mesophilic condition. To the thermophilic condition, the co-digestion had less methanogenic abundance but more biomethane production (~5000 mLn). Statistical evidence uncovered that the Clostridiaceae and Thermoanaerobacteraceae dominated pathways linked closely with methanogenesis which may contribute the more biomethane production in the thermophilic condition. This study demonstrated the temperature regulations drove rare taxa as major contributors for biomethane production.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Euryarchaeota , Anaerobiose , Biocombustíveis , Metano , Temperatura Ambiente
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989810

RESUMO

Real-time monitoring of neonicotinoid pesticide residues is of great significance for food security and sustainable development of the ecological environment. Herein, a paper-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) amplified approach was proposed by virtue of multilayered plasmonic coupling amplification. The unique plasmonic SERS multilayer was constructed using three-dimensional (3D) silver dendrite (SD)/electropolymerized molecular identifier (EMI)/silver nanoparticle (AgNP) sandwich hybrids with multiple hotspots and a strong electromagnetic field in nanogaps. Dendritelike 3D silver materials with remarkably high accessible surface areas and the lightning rod effect constituted the first-order enhancement of paper-based sensors. Molecular identifiers coated upon an SD layer as the interlayer were used for target capture and enrichment. Subsequently, AgNPs featuring rough surface and local plasma resonance decorated as the top layer formed the secondary enhancement of the amplification strategy. As the most brilliant part, dendritelike 3D silver coupled with AgNPs has established double Ag layers to accomplish a multistage enhancement of SERS signals based on the superposition of their electromagnetic fields. Owning to the distinctive design of the multiple coupling amplification strategy, the fabricated SERS paper chips demonstrated impressive specificity and ultrahigh sensitivity in the detection of imidacloprid (IMI), with a detection limit as low as 0.02811 ng mL-1. More importantly, the multiple SERS enhancement paper chip holds great potential for automated screening of a variety of contaminants.

18.
Food Chem ; 314: 126177, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954943

RESUMO

This study mainly investigated changes in milk serum proteins by simulating the industrial processing of whole milk powder using a label-free proteomic approach. A total of 391 proteins were identified, 89 of which were quantified in all groups. Compared with raw milk, the milk subjected to the heating pasteurization process showed significantly decreased the serum protein profile, whereas that subjected to vacuum concentration and spray-drying showed minimal changes. The LC-MS/MS results were further confirmed by determining the activity of bioactive xanthine oxidase and retention of lactoferrin and immunoglobulins. The data showed that 70%-85% of lactoferrin and immunoglobulins were retained in vacuum-concentrated or spray-dried milk but were hardly identifiable in heat-pasteurized milk or whole milk powders. These findings indicate the need for improving the current milk powder-manufacturing techniques to allow the retention of active milk proteins.

19.
Cancer Invest ; 38(2): 113-121, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939679

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the differences of clinic-pathological features among ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), ductal carcinoma in situ with micro-invasion (DCIS-MI) and early invasive carcinoma (IDC) in stage T1.Methods: From January 2014 to December 2018, 308 cases DCIS, DCIS-MI 92 cases and 111 cases of T1a, 343 cases of T1b, and 1032 cases of T1c were investigated in a retrospective analysis. The population and clinic-pathological characteristics including age, menstrual status, surgical mode, lymph node status and molecular markers were compared in each group. Survival rate of all patients were followed-up for 5 years.Results: Compared with DCIS-MI group, the higher breast-conserving rate and lower lymph node metastasis rate in the DCIS group were shown in the DCIS-MI group (p < .05). There were no significant differences in tumor diameter, number of tumors, ER, PR, HER2 and Ki67 expression, molecular typing, (p > .05). The expression of Ki67 in T1a, T1b and T1c groups increased gradually with elevated grades (p < .05). The proportion of HER2-positive patients in DCIS-MI group was significantly higher than that in T1a-b-c (p < .05). There were no significant differences in DFS and OS between the 3 groups (p > .05).Conclusions: The clinic-pathological features of DCIS-MI are similar to those of DCIS and T1a, but significantly different from T1c.

20.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995985

RESUMO

Currently, portable, low-cost, and easy to operate on-chip analytical units are urgently demanded to meet the requirement for point-of-care testing in resource-limited regions. Herein, a dual-mode lab-on-paper platform is presented, which integrates distance-based visualized readout with ratiometric electrochemiluminescence (ECL) assay in one device. The distance-based measurement is based on a brown visualized strip generated from the oxidation reaction of 3,3'-diaminobenzidine in the presence of H2O2 initiated by horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Notably, visualized semiquantitative results are displayed as the length of a brown bar chart directly on the device-without the need for any data processing or plotting steps, thus avoiding the error caused by the naked eye for distinguishing the color depth. On the contrary, a ratiometric ECL technique was employed for accurate analysis based on the specific biorecognition between Pb2+-dependent DNAzymes and targets. Concretely, upon addition of Pb2+ into the fabricated device, cleaved oligonucleotide fragments connected with HRP functionalized Au nanocubes could permeate through the cellulose on account of their size that is smaller than paper pores, quench the ECL signal of the CdS quantum dots because of resonance energy transfer, and synchronously boost the ECL intensity generated from luminol by catalyzing H2O2. As a consequence, satisfied prediction and accurate monitoring performance was obtained in the range 0.1-2000 nM and 0.01-2000 nM by measuring the length of colored product and the ratio of ECL intensity, respectively. The beneficial advantages of low cost, high efficiency, and the capacity to perform dual-mode assay qualify this innovative device for use with diverse applications.

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