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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120394, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555696

RESUMO

Viscosity of cell microenvironment plays a significant role in maintaining the normal life activities of cells. Particularly, the abnormal viscosity in mitochondria is closely associated with lots of diseases and cellular dysfunctions. Herein, we developed a group of p-aminostyryl thiazole orange derivatives with different amino side chains. These probes showed good fluorescence response to viscosity with twisted intramolecular charge transfer mechanism, among them, the probes with diethylamino (TOB), dibutylamino (TOC) and pyrrolidin (TOE) side chains showed better response to the viscosity with 78-fold, 55-fold, and 88-fold fluorescence enhancement in 95% glycerol solution respectively. TOB, TOC, and TOE could enter live cells and mainly located in mitochondria. Treatment HeLa cells with nystatin, lipopolysaccharide or oleic acid caused significant fluorescence enhancement of these probes, suggesting the good potential for monitoring the variation of mitochondrial viscosity, as well as for investigating the related physiological process of inflammation and lipid metabolism.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Mitocôndrias , Benzotiazóis , Células HeLa , Humanos , Quinolinas , Viscosidade
2.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 596, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a simplified treatment strategy for patients with maxillary transverse deficiency. We investigated and compared the fracture mechanics and stress distribution of a midline palatal suture under dynamic loads during surgically-assisted rapid palatal expansion. METHODS: Based on the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of a 21-year-old female volunteer, a three-dimensional model of the cranio-maxillofacial complex (including the palatal suture) was constructed. A finite element analysis model was constructed based on meshwork. After the yield strength of the palatal suture was set, an increasing expansion force (0-500 N) was applied within 140 ms to calculate the time-load curve, which mimicked nonsurgical bone expansion (model A). The same method was used to evaluate the fracture process, time and stress distribution of the palatal suture in maxillary lateral osteotomy-assisted (model B) and LeFort osteomy I (LFIO)-assisted expansion of the maxillary arch (model C). RESULTS: Compared with model A, the palatal suture of model B and model C showed a faster stress accumulation rate and shorter fracture time, and the fracture time of model B and model C was almost identical. Compared with model A, we discovered that model B and model C showed greater lateral extension of the maxilla, and the difference was reflected mainly in the lower part of the maxilla, and there was no difference between model B and model C in lateral extension of the maxilla. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with arch expansion using nonsurgical assistance (model A), arch expansion using maxillary lateral wall-osteotomy (model B) or LFIO had a faster rate of stress accumulation, shorter time of fracture of the palatal suture and increased lateral displacement of the maxilla. Compared with arch expansion using LFIO (model C), arch expansion using lateral osteotomy (model B) had a similar duration of palatal suture rupture and lateral maxillary extension. In view of the trauma and serious complications associated with LFIO, maxillary lateral wall-osteotomy could be considered a substitute for LFIO.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6849, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824226

RESUMO

Currently, owing to the single-molecule-level sensitivity and highly informative spectroscopic characteristics, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is regarded as the most direct and effective detection technique. However, SERS still faces several challenges in its practical applications, such as the complex matrix interferences, and low sensitivity to the molecules of intrinsic small cross-sections or weak affinity to the surface of metals. Here, we show an enrichment-typed sensing strategy with both excellent selectivity and ultrahigh detection sensitivity based on a powerful porous composite material, called mesoporous nanosponge. The nanosponge consists of porous ß-cyclodextrin polymers immobilized with magnetic NPs, demonstrating remarkable capability of effective and fast removal of organic micropollutants, e.g., ~90% removal efficiency within ~1 min, and an enrichment factor up to ~103. By means of this current enrichment strategy, the limit of detection for typical organic pollutants can be significantly improved by 2~3 orders of magnitude. Consequently, the current enrichment strategy is proved to be applicable in a variety of fields for portable and fast detection, such as Raman and fluorescent sensing.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2105276, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738668

RESUMO

Electrochemical sensors for detecting micromolecule organics are desirable for improving the perception of environmental quality and human health. However, currently, the electrochemical sensors for formaldehyde are substantially limited on the market due to the long-term unsolved problems of the low electrooxidation efficiency and CO poisoning issue of commercial Pd catalysts. Here, a 2D Cr-doped Pd metallene (Cr-Pdene) with few atomic layers is shown as an advanced catalyst for ultrasensitive and selective sensing of formaldehyde via a highly efficient formaldehyde electrooxidation. It is found that the doping of Cr into Pd metallene can efficiently optimize the electronic structure of Pd and weaken the interaction between Pd and CO, providing an anti-poisoning means to favor CO2 production and suppress CO adsorption. The Cr-Pdene-based electrochemical sensor exhibits one order of magnitude higher detection range and, especially, much higher anti-interference for formaldehyde than that of the conventional sensors. Most importantly, it is demonstrated that the Cr-Pdene can be integrated into commercializable wireless sensor networks or handheld instruments for promising applications relating to the environment, health, and food.

6.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 49(6): 73-79, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761661

RESUMO

Allergic asthma is a heterogeneous inflammatory disorder triggered by inhaled allergens, leading to airflow obstruction, bronchial inflammation, and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). T helper (Th) 2 cell-mediated immune response and airway inflammation are the key features of allergic asthma. Bruceine D (BD) is a bioactive compound extracted from the seeds of Brucea javanica. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of increased doses of BD on AHR, secretion of Th1-/Th2-associated cytokines, and inflammatory cell infiltration in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma mice. The results showed that BD reduced OVA-induced inflammatory cell infiltration and bronchial hyperresponsiveness into the peribronchial tissues and perivascular areas. Mice treated with BD also showed significantly decreased expressions of Th2-associated cytokines (i.e., interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13) and elevated production of Th1-associated cytokines (i.e., interferon gamma and IL-2) following OVA stimulation. BD treatment dose-dependently inhibited OVA-induced accumulation of inflammatory cells in asthmatic mice. Further analysis revealed that OVA exposure upregulated pulmonary expressions of NOTCH signaling receptors, a group of transmembrane proteins that communicate signals upon binding to transmembrane ligands expressed on adjacent cells, while BD treatment significantly abolished OVA-induced activation of the NOTCH pathway. In conclusion, BD protected mice against OVA-induced allergic asthma by reducing AHR and restoring the Th1/Th2 balance through the NOTCH signaling pathway. Our findings highlighted the potential of BD as a therapeutic agent for allergic asthma.

7.
J Food Sci ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755906

RESUMO

In this paper, the interface polymerization method was used to prepare Osmanthus essential oil microcapsules. The optimal preparation process of Osmanthus essential oil microcapsules was explored as follows: the dosage ratio of Osmanthus essential oil to N100 was 6:1, the reaction temperature was 70°C, and the reaction time was 2 h. The encapsulation efficiency of Osmanthus essential oil microcapsules could reach 80.31%. The particle size distribution, morphology, chemical structure, and thermal stability of the obtained microcapsules were characterized by laser particle size analyzer, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The release kinetics and storage stability experiments of the microcapsules were studied. The results showed that the average volume diameter of the microcapsules was 101.2 µm. The microcapsules were in the shape of full spheres, with a smooth surface, low viscosity, and high elasticity. Microencapsulation improved the thermal stability of Osmanthus essential oil and promoted the slow release of essential oil. The synthesized microcapsules showed good storage stability under refrigerated and dark conditions, which indicated that microcapsules had broad application prospects in food, medicine, and other fields. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: In this study, we prepared a polyurea membrane to encapsulate Osmanthus essential oil microcapsules by interfacial polymerization. The encapsulation conditions of the microcapsules were optimized and the structure of the microcapsules was characterized in this study. The results showed that microcapsules had a full spherical shape with a smooth surface, high elasticity, good sustained-release ability, good thermal stability, and storage stability. These properties indicated that microcapsules have good application prospects and can be used as a high-quality flavor with a long residual effect and high thermal stability for food and cosmetic scope.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664184

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is one of the major causes leading to male infertility including asthenozoospermia. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been widely recognized to be a potent antioxidant whose role is partially implemented by protein S-sulfhydration. However, protein S-sulfhydration has not been reported in germ cells. Therefore, we investigated whether asthenozoospermia could be associated with sperm protein S-sulfhydration. S-sulfhydrated proteins in human sperm were enriched via biotin-switch assay and analyzed using LC-MS/MS spectrometry. Two hundred forty-four S-sulfhydrated proteins were identified. Importantly, we validated that sperm histones H3.1 and H3.3 were the S-sulfhydrated proteins. Their S-sulfhydrated amino acid residue was Cysteine111. Abundances of S-sulfhydrated H3 (sH3) and S-sulfhydrated H3.3 (sH3.3) were significantly down-regulated in asthenozoospermic sperm, compared with the fertile controls, and were significantly correlated with progressive motility. Retinoic acid (RA) up-regulated level of sH3.3 in primary round spermatids and the C18-4 cells (a mouse spermatogonial stem cell line). Overexpression of the mutant H3.3 (Cysteine111 was replaced with serine) affected expression of 759 genes and raised growth rate of C18-4 cells. For the first time, S-sulfhydration H3 and H3.3 were demonstrated in the present study. Our results highlight that aberrant S-sulfhydration of H3 is a new pathophysiological basis in male infertility.

9.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 666303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631693

RESUMO

The WNT signaling pathway plays a crucial role in oviduct/fallopian development. However, the specific physiological processes regulated by the WNT pathway in the fallopian/oviduct function remain obscure. Benefiting from the Lgr4 knockout mouse model, we report the regulation of oviduct epithelial secretion by LGR4. Specifically, the loss of Lgr4 altered the mouse oviduct size and weight, severely reduced the number of oviductal epithelial cells, and ultimately impaired the epithelial secretion. These alterations were mediated by a failure of CTNNB1 protein accumulation in the oviductal epithelial cytoplasm, by the modulation of WNT pathways, and subsequently by a profound change of the gene expression profile of epithelial cells. In addition, selective activation of the WNT pathway triggered the expression of steroidogenic genes, like Cyp11a1 and 3ß-Hsd1, through the activation of the transcriptional factor NR5A2 in an oviduct primary cell culture system. As demonstrated, the LGR4 protein modulates a WNT-NR5A2 signaling cascade facilitating epithelial secretory cell maturation and steroidogenesis to safeguard oviduct development and function in mice.

10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 119: 563-574, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687884

RESUMO

CC motif chemokine ligand 25 (CCL25) is a key chemokine that attracts various types of leukocytes, such as activated peritoneal macrophages. However, information on CCL25 in fish is limited. Here, a CCL25 gene (LjCCL25) was identified from Japanese sea bass (Lateolabrax japonicus), showing upregulation in multiple tissues against Vibrio harveyi infection. The recombinant LjCCL25 (rLjCCL25) only significantly induced the migration of monocytes/macrophages (MO/MΦ) both in vitro and in vivo, but didn't induce that of neutrophils or lymphocytes. Additionally, rLjCCL25 only induced migration of the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated MO/MΦ (M1 type). Knockdown of Japanese sea bass CC chemokine receptor 9 (LjCCR9) expression in MO/MФ by RNA interference inhibited the LjCCL25-induced chemotaxis of resting and M1 type MO/MФ. Moreover, administration of 300 ng/g rLjCCL25 effectively increased the survival of V. harveyi-infected fish and decreased bacterial load. Our study demonstrates that LjCCL25 functions as an MO/MФ chemoattractant via LjCCR9 in Japanese sea bass against V. harveyi.

11.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108261, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688134

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by joint inflammation, synovial hyperplasia, cartilage degeneration, bone erosion, and pannus. Immunoglobulin D (IgD) plays an important role in autoimmune diseases although the content of it in vivo is low. Increased concentrations of anti-IgD autoantibodies have been detected in many RA patients. IgD-Fc-Ig fusion protein is constructed by connecting human IgD Fc domain and IgG1 Fc domain, which specifically block the IgD/ IgDR pathway and regulate the function of cells expressing IgDR to treat RA. The expression levels of Wnt5A and Frizzled 5 are higher in RA synovial tissue specimens. The complex of Wnt5A-Fzd5-LRP5/6-CTHRC1 promotes the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α by activating nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), leading to high expression of VEGF and participating in angiogenesis. VEGF is the strongest angiogenic factor found so far. Here, we aimed to explore whether IgD participates in synovitis by binding to IgDR and regulating the activation of Wnt5A-Fzd5-CTHRC1-NF-κB signaling pathway in fibroblast synovial cells (FLSs), whether IgD-Fc-Ig fusion protein inhibits VEGF production in FLS of CIA and explore mechanism. We found that IgDR is expressed on MH7A and FLS. IgD promotes VEGF expression by activating Wnt5A-Fzd5-CTHRC1-NF-κB signaling pathway in MH7A and FLS. After activation of Fzd5 with Wnt5A, IgD-Fc-Ig reduced VEGF-A level in the culture supernatant of MH7A stimulation by IgD. The expressions of CTHRC1, Fzd5, p-P65 and VEGF in MH7A and FLSs were down-regulated after IgD-Fc-Ig treatment. IgD-Fc-Ig suppressed the combination of CTHRC1 and Fzd5 as well. By using the animal model, we demonstrated that IgD-Fc-Ig suppress ankle CTHRC1 and Fzd5 production resulted in inhibition of index of joint inflammation of CIA rats, which were consistent with vitro results. Conclusively, IgD-Fc-Ig inhibits IgD and Wnt5A-induced angiogenesis and joint inflammation by suppressing the combination of CTHRC1 and Fzd5. Our results show that IgD-Fc-Ig exerts its suppressive effect on IgD and Wnt5A by Wnt5A-Fzd5-CTHRC1-NF-κB signaling pathway.

12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108169, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of monomer derivative of paeoniflorin (MDP) on macrophage pyroptosis mediated by TLR4/NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats. METHOD: Wistar rats were divided into normal group, AA model group, MDP (50 mg/kg) group and MTX (0.5 mg/kg) group. The expression of TLR4, NLRP3 and GSDMD in macrophage were detected by immunofluorescence assay. The expression of TLR4 and the ratio of macrophage pyroptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Cell morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The cytokine levels of IL-18 and IL-1ß were detected by ELISA. The expressions of proteins related to macrophage pyroptosis were detected by western blot. RESULTS: MDP has a therapeutic effect on rats AA by reducing the secondary inflammation and improving pathological changes. The results of X-ray imaging and ultrasound images showed that MDP could inhibit bone erosion, soft tissue swelling, and joint space narrowing. Macrophage pyroptosis was found in secondary inflammation of AA rats. The expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NLRP3, Caspase-1, ASC, and GSDMD-N in macrophage were increased, the levels of IL-18 and IL-1ß were enhanced, and the morphology of pyroptosis could be observed. MDP could inhibit macrophage polarization and macrophage pyroptosis, and down-regulated the cytokine levels of IL-18 and IL-1ß in AA rats. MDP could regulate the M1/M2 ratio, decreased the ratio of macrophage pyroptosis and down-regulated the expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NLRP3, Caspase-1, ASC, and GSDMD-N in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: Abnormal activation of TLR4/NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway may be involved in macrophage pyroptosis in AA rats. The therapeutic effect of MDP on AA rats is related to the inhibition of macrophage pyroptosis by regulating the TLR4/NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway.

13.
Plant J ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643970

RESUMO

Light quantity and quality affect many aspects of plant growth and development. However, few reports have addressed the molecular connections between seed oil accumulation and light conditions, especially dense shade. Shade-avoiding plants can redirect plant resources into extension growth at the expense of leaf and root expansion in an attempt to reach areas containing richer light. Here, we report that tung tree seed oil accumulation is suppressed by dense shade during the rapid oil accumulation phase. Transcriptome analysis confirmed that oil accumulation suppression due to dense shade was attributed to reduced expression of fatty acid and triacylglycerol biosynthesis-related genes. Through weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we identified 32 core transcription factors (TFs) specifically upregulated in densely shaded seeds during the rapid oil accumulation period. Among these, VfHB21, a class I homeodomain leucine zipper TF, was shown to suppress expression of FAD2 and FADX, two key genes related to α-eleostearic acid, by directly binding to HD-ZIP I/II motifs in their respective promoter regions. VfHB21 also binds to similar motifs in the promoters of VfWRI1 and VfDGAT2, two additional key seed lipid regulatory/biosynthetic genes. Functional conservation of HB21 during plant evolution was demonstrated by the fact that AtWRI1, AtSAD1, and AtFAD2 were downregulated in VfHB21-overexpressor lines of transgenic Arabidopsis, with concomitant seed oil reduction, and the fact that AtHB21 expression also was induced by shade. This study reveals some of the regulatory mechanisms that specifically control tung tree seed oil biosynthesis and more broadly regulate plant storage carbon partitioning in response to dense shade conditions.

14.
Physiol Plant ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516676

RESUMO

Invasive plants rapidly spread in habitats with low soil phosphorus (P) availability and have triggered a sharp decline in the diversity of native species. However, no studies have explored how widespread invasive species acclimate to low soil P availability via changing foliar P fractions, especially under elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations ([CO2 ]) and nitrogen (N) deposition. Here, an open-top chamber experiment was conducted to explore the effect of nutrient addition and elevated [CO2 ] on leaf traits and foliar functional P fractions (i.e., Pi, metabolite P, lipid P, nucleic acid P, and residual P) of two aggressive invasive species (Mikania micranatha and Chromolaena odorata). We found that foliar N/P ratios were more than 20, and P addition significantly increased plant biomass. Both results indicated P-limited plant growth at our studied site. Elevated [CO2 ], N and N + P addition greatly increased plant biomass, photosynthetic rates, and photosynthetic P-use efficiency (PPUE) in invasive species, but PPUE decreased with increasing P addition. Nitrogen addition slightly decreased the concentration of leaf total P, decreased foliar residual P, but increased metabolite P concentrations in invasive species. Similar changes in foliar P fractions were found under N + P addition. Phosphorus addition increased foliar P concentrations, which was strongly correlated with an increase in metabolite P concentrations in invasive species. Elevated [CO2 ] alleviated these effects and increased PPUE. The present results suggest that future elevated [CO2 ] and N deposition allow the invasive species to acclimate to low soil P availability and support their successful invasion by greatly reducing P allocation to non-metabolite foliar P fractions (i.e., nucleic acid P and residual P) to meet their demand of metabolite P for photosynthesis and exhibit a high PPUE.

15.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 30: 8102-8115, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554913

RESUMO

Diagram-sentence matching is a valuable academic research because it can help learners effectively understand the diagrams with the assisted by sentences. However, there are many uncommon objects, i.e. few-shot contents in diagrams and sentences. The existing methods for image-sentence matching have great limitations when applied to diagrams. Because they focus on the high-frequency objects during training and ignore the uncommon objects. In addition, the specialty leads to the semantic non-intuition of the diagram itself. In this work, we propose a cross-modal attention graph model for the few-shot diagram-sentence matching task named Fs-DSM. Specifically, it is composed of three modules. The graph initialization module regards the region-level diagram features and word-level sentence features as the nodes of Fs-DSM, and edges are represented as similarity between nodes. The information propagation module is a key point of Fs-DSM, in which the few-shot contents are recognized by an uncommon object recognition strategy, and then the nodes are updated by a neighborhood aggregation procedure with cross-modal propagation between all visual and textual nodes, while the edges are recomputed based on the new node features. The global association module integrates the features of regions and words to represent the global diagrams and sentences. By conducting comprehensive experiments in terms of few-shot and conventional image-sentence matching, we demonstrate that Fs-DSM achieves superior performances over the competitors on the AI2D [Formula: see text] diagram dataset and two public benchmark datasets with nature images.

16.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 6251-6263, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477476

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have critical functions in tumorigenesis and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). The role of lncRNA COL4A2-AS1 (COL4A2-AS1) lacks system investigation. The current study comprehensively analyzed the expression, biological functions, and mechanism of COL4A2-AS1 in CRC through performing real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), Western blot, cell transfection, cell colony assay, MTT assay, flow cytometry and dual-luciferase reporter system assays. A xenograft model of CRC was constructed to further verify the function of COL4A2-AS1 in CRC progression in vivo. The data revealed an upregulated expression of COL4A2-AS1 in CRC tissues and cell lines than paired adjacent tissues and normal cell line. Silencing COL4A2-AS1 inhibited proliferation, aerobic glycolysis, and promoted apoptosis of CRC cells in vivo and in vitro. However, overexpression of COL4A2-AS1 significantly promoted CRC cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis. In CRC cells, miR-20b-5p was sponged by COL4A2-AS1 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha subunit (HIF1A). Restoration of HIF1A expression reversed the inhibitory effects of silencing COL4A2-AS1 on aerobic glycolysis and proliferation of CRC cells. The current findings showed that COL4A2-AS1 promoted the proliferation, and aerobic glycolysis of CRC cells potentially through modulating the miR-20b-5p/HIF1A axis.

17.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 19: 4954-4960, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527199

RESUMO

The king scallop, Pecten maximus is a well-known, commercially important scallop species and is featured with remarkable tolerance to potent phytotoxins such as domoic acid. A high-quality genome can shed light on its biology and innovative evolution of toxin resistance. A reference genome has recently been published for P. maximus, however, it is suspicious that over 67,700 genes are annotated in this genome, which is unexpectedly larger than its close relatives of pectinids. Herein, we provide an improved high-quality chromosome-level reference genome assembly and annotation for the king scallop P. maximus. A final set of 26,995 genes is annotated after carefully checking and curation of the predicted gene models, which significantly improves the accuracy of gene structure information. The large number of gene duplicates in the previous genome is mainly distorted by the fragmented annotation. Through integrated genomic, evolutionary and transcriptomic analyses, we reveal that the Phi subfamily of ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are well preserved in molluscs, and P. maximus experienced the rapid expansion of the Phi class of iGluR (GluF) gene family. The GluF genes exhibit ubiquitously high expression and altered sequence characteristics for ligand selectivity, which may contribute to the remarkable tolerance to neurotoxins in P. maximus. Taken together, our study disapproves the previous claim of the 'gene-rich' genome of this species and provides a high-quality genome assembly for further understanding of its biology and evolution of toxin resistance.

18.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 710461, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513840

RESUMO

Background: Differentiation between cerebral glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and solitary brain metastasis (MET) is important. The existing radiomic differentiation method ignores the clinical and routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. Purpose: To differentiate between GBM and MET and between METs from the lungs (MET-lung) and other sites (MET-other) through clinical and routine MRI, and radiomics analyses. Methods and Materials: A total of 350 patients were collected from two institutions, including 182 patients with GBM and 168 patients with MET, which were all proven by pathology. The ROI of the tumor was obtained on axial postcontrast MRI which was performed before operation. Seven radiomic feature selection methods and four classification algorithms constituted 28 classifiers in two classification strategies, with the best classifier serving as the final radiomics model. The clinical and combination models were constructed using the nomograms developed. The performance of the nomograms was evaluated in terms of calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness. Student's t-test or the chi-square test was used to assess the differences in the clinical and radiological characteristics between the training and internal validation cohorts. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to assess the performance of developed models with the area under the curve (AUC). Results: The classifier fisher_decision tree (fisher_DT) showed the best performance (AUC: 0.696, 95% CI:0.608-0.783) for distinguishing between GBM and MET in internal validation cohorts; the classifier reliefF_random forest (reliefF_RF) showed the best performance (AUC: 0.759, 95% CI: 0.613-0.904) for distinguishing between MET-lung and MET-other in internal validation cohorts. The combination models incorporating the radiomics signature and clinical-radiological characteristics were superior to the clinical-radiological models in the two classification strategies (AUC: 0.764 for differentiation between GBM in internal validation cohorts and MET and 0.759 or differentiation between MET-lung and MET-other in internal validation cohorts). The nomograms showed satisfactory performance and calibration and were considered clinically useful, as revealed in the decision curve analysis. Data Conclusion: The combination of radiomic and non-radiomic features is helpful for the differentiation among GBM, MET-lung, and MET-other.

19.
BMC Palliat Care ; 20(1): 150, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587921

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: An understanding of the oncology nurse spiritual care competence would help nurse managers recognize weakness in spiritual practice and improve the quality of spiritual care. But the relationship between attitude towards death and spiritual care competence is unknown. METHODS: We recruited 326 nurses from hospitals in Guangzhou, China. The nurses completed the Chinese Spiritual Care Competence Scale and the Chinese Death Attitude Profile-Revised questionnaires. RESULTS: The total score of spiritual care competence was 61.62 ± 16.10. And the lowest score of attitude towards death was for escape acceptance, 2.64 ± 0.82. Factors associated with nurse spiritual care competence were work department, whether trained in spiritual care, approaching acceptance, and escaping acceptance of attitude towards death. CONCLUSION: Nurses need to perfect their spiritual care competence and establish positive attitudes towards death.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Terapias Espirituais , Atitude , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Espiritualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Front Oncol ; 11: 665891, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490082

RESUMO

Objectives: To explore the MRI-based differential diagnosis of deep learning with data enhancement for cerebral glioblastoma (GBM), primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), and tumefactive demyelinating lesion (TDL). Materials and Methods: This retrospective study analyzed the MRI data of 261 patients with pathologically diagnosed solitary and multiple cerebral GBM (n = 97), PCNSL (n = 92), and TDL (n = 72). The 3D segmentation model was trained to capture the lesion. Different enhancement data were generated by changing the pixel ratio of the lesion and non-lesion areas. The 3D classification network was trained by using the enhancement data. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) were used to assess the value of different enhancement data on the discrimination performance. These results were then compared with the neuroradiologists' diagnoses. Results: The diagnostic performance fluctuated with the ratio of lesion to non-lesion area changed. The diagnostic performance was best when the ratio was 1.5. The AUCs of GBM, PCNSL, and TDL were 1.00 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.000-1.000), 0.96 (95% CI: 0.923-1.000), and 0.954 (95% CI: 0.904-1.000), respectively. Conclusions: Deep learning with data enhancement is useful for the accurate identification of GBM, PCNSL, and TDL, and its diagnostic performance is better than that of the neuroradiologists.

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