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1.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113855, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597947

RESUMO

CaSO4 reduction decomposition for CaO preparation provides a theoretical basis for the utilization of the industrial byproduct, gypsum. In this study, the effects of temperature (950 °C-1150 °C), CO2/CO partial-pressure ratio (1-15), CO concentration (1%-5%), and O2 concentration (1%-7%) on the preparation of CaO from CaSO4 by CO reduction decomposition under different reaction atmospheres were investigated. The physical properties of CaO prepared by the decomposition of CaSO4 and CaCO3 were analyzed and compared. Finally, the reaction mechanism of the reduction decomposition of CaSO4 to CaO by CO was studied. The findings reveal that CaSO4 can be completely decomposed into CaO when the reaction temperature exceeds 1000 °C, CO% ≥ 2%, and P(CO2)/P(CO) ≥ 8. Furthermore, the addition of an appropriate amount of O2 can improve the yield of CaO in the products. In an O2-CO-N2 atmosphere, where O2% = 7% and CO% = 16%, CaSO4 can be completely decomposed into CaO without the addition of CO2. The physical properties of CaO prepared by the reduction and decomposition of CaSO4 are better than those prepared by the calcination of CaCO3. An analysis of the reaction mechanism of the reduction decomposition of CaSO4 by CO reveals that CaSO4 generates CaO and CaS simultaneously. In addition, CaS can react with unreacted CaSO4 to form CaO. Furthermore, it can react with CO2 to produce CaO if an appropriate amount of CO2 is added to the reaction atmosphere. The secondary interactions of CaS with CaSO4 and CO2 can significantly improve the yield of CaO in the product.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Sulfato de Cálcio , Temperatura
2.
Nano Lett ; 22(1): 411-418, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34941277

RESUMO

The very high ionic conductivity of Li10GeP2S12 (LGPS) solid electrolyte (SE) makes it a promising candidate SE for solid-state batteries in electrical vehicles. However, chemomechanical failure, whose mechanism remains unclear, has plagued its widespread applications. Here, we report in situ imaging lithiation-induced failure of LGPS SE. We revealed a strong size effect in the chemomechanical failure of LGPS particles: namely, when the particle size is greater than 3 µm, fracture/pulverization occurred; when the particle size is between 1 and 3 µm, microcracks emerged; when the particle size is less than 1 µm, no chemomechanical failure was observed. This strong size effect is interpreted by the interplay between elastic energy storage and dissipation. Our finding has important implications for the design of high-performance LGPS SE, for example, by reducing the particle size to less than 1 µm the chemomechanical failure of LGPS SE can be mitigated.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 756207, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867372

RESUMO

Background: Drug-induced thrombocytopenia (DITP) is a severe adverse reaction and a significantly under-recognized clinical problem in children. However, for post-marketing pharmacovigilance purposes, detection of DITP signals is crucial. This study aimed to develop a signal detection model for DITP using the pediatric electronic medical records (EMR) data. Methods: This study used the electronic medical records collected at Beijing Children's Hospital between 2009 and 2020. A two-stage modeling method was developed to detect the signal of DITP. In the first stage, we calculated the crude incidence by mining cases of thrombocytopenia to select the potential suspected drugs. In the second stage, we constructed propensity score-matched retrospective cohorts of specific screened drugs from the first stage and estimated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using conditional logistic regression models. The novelty of the signal was assessed by current evidence. Results: In the study, from a total of 839 drugs, 21 drugs were initially screened as potentially inducing thrombocytopenia. In total, we identified 18 positive DITP associations. Of these, potential DITP risk of nystatin (OR: 1.75, 95% CI: 1.37-2.22) and latamoxef sodium (OR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.38-1.88) were two new DITP signals in both children and adults. Six associations between thrombocytopenia and drugs including imipenem (OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.16-2.45), teicoplanin (OR: 4.75, 95% CI: 3.33-6.78), fusidic acid (OR: 2.81, 95% CI: 2.06-3.86), ceftizoxime sodium (OR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.36-2.45), ceftazidime (OR: 2.16, 95% CI: 1.58-2.95), and cefepime (OR: 5.06, 95% CI: 3.77-6.78) were considered as new signals in children. Conclusion: This study developed a two-stage algorithm to detect safety signals of DITP and found eighteen positive signals of DITP, including six new signals in a pediatric population. This method is a promising tool for pharmacovigilance based on EMR data.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34935785

RESUMO

Transition metal oxides (TMOs) play a crucial role in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their high theoretical capacity, natural abundance, and benign environmental impact, but they suffer from limitations such as cyclability and high-rate discharge ability. One leading cause is the lithiation-induced volume expansion (LIVE) for "conversion"-type TMOs, which can result in high stress, fracture and pulverization. Using carbon layers is an effective strategy to provide effective volumetric accommodation for lithium-ion (Li+) insertion; however, the detailed mechanism is unknown. In order to clarify the working mechanism of nanoscale LIBs, herein, the discharge reactions in a nanoscale LIB were investigated through in situ environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM). Visualization of the Li+ insertion process of MnO@C nanorods (NRs) with core/shell structure (CSS) and internal void space (IVS) was achieved. The LIVE occurred in a consecutive two-step mode, i.e., a LIVE of the carbon layer followed by a co-LIVE of the carbon layer and MnO. No volume contraction of the IVS was observed. The IVS acted as a buffer relieving the stress of the carbon layer. The carbon layer with IVS simultaneously improved the cyclability and the high-rate discharge ability of the electrode, pointing to a promising route for building better TMO electrode materials.

5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(12)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914571

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, strictly anaerobic, elliptical, non-motile and non-flagellated bacterium, designed LZLJ-2T, was isolated from the mud in a fermentation cellar used for the production of Chinese Luzhou-flavour Baijiu. Growth occurred at 28-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.0-7.0 (optimum, pH 6.0) and with concentrations of NaCl up to 2 % (w/v; optimum, 0 %). On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain LZLJ-2T belonged to the genus Thermophilibacter and was most closely related to Thermophilibacter mediterraneus Marseille-P3256T (similarity 96.9 %), Olsenella gallinarum ClaCZ62T (similarity 96.6 %) and Thermophilibacter provencensis Marseille-P2912T (similarity 96.4 %). In addition, strain LZLJ-2T had high similarity to the genus Olsenella, including Olsenella profusa DSM 13989T (similarity 94.9 %), Olsenella umbonata DSM 22620T (similarity 94.9 %), Olsenella uli ATCC 49627T (similarity 94.22 %), Tractidigestivibacter scatoligenes DSM 28304T (similarity 93.9 %) and Paratractidigestivibacter faecalis KCTC 15699T (similarity 93.25 %). Comparative genome analysis showed that orthoANI values between strain LZLJ-2T and Thermophilibacter mediterraneus Marseille-P3256T, Olsenella gallinarum ClaCZ62T, Thermophilibacter provencensis Marseille-P2912T, Olsenella profusa DSM 13989T, Olsenella umbonata DSM 22620T, Olsenella uli ATCC 49627T, Tractidigestivibacter scatoligenes DSM 28304T and Paratractidigestivibacter faecalis KCTC 15699T were 78.68, 78.99, 78.29, 73.40, 74.00, 74.30, 75.08 and 77.23 %, and the genome-to-genome distance values were respectively 22.3, 22.5, 22.4, 19.6, 20.5, 19.7, 20.5 and 21.5 %. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain LZLJ-2T was 65.21 mol%. The predominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain LZLJ-2T were C18 : 1 cis 9 (33.7 %), C14 : 0 (22.0 %) and C18 : 1 cis 9 DMA (13.5 %). d-Glucose, sucrose, mannose, maltose, lactose (weak), salicin, glycerol (weak), cellobiose and trehalose (weak) could be used by strain LZLJ-2T as sole carbon sources. Enzyme activity results showed positive reactions with valine arylamidase, leucine arylamidase, crystine arylamidase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, esterase (C4) (weakly positive), naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, α-glucosidase and ß-glucosidase. The major end products of glucose fermentation were lactic acid and acetic acid. It produced skatole from indole acetic acid, and produced p-cresol from modified peptone-yeast extract medium with glucose. Based on the 16S rRNA gene trees as well as the genome core gene tree, it is suggested that Olsenella gallinarum are transferred to genus Thermophilibacter as Thermophilibacter gallinarum comb. nov. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain LZLJ-2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Thermophilibacter, for which the name Thermophilibacter immobilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LZLJ-2T (=KCTC 25162T=JCM 34224T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fermentação , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0260024, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788334

RESUMO

Fusel alcohols (FAs) are a type of flavor compound found in rice wine. An overly high FA content not only leads to spicy, bitter, and astringent taste but also has side effects. Therefore, screening for yeast that produce low FA contents has attracted much attention. Thirty-two yeast strains were isolated from fermenting material during Luzhou-flavor liquor production in this study. Strain YB-12 was selected as a suitable candidate for rice wine production. The strain was identified as a member of the genus Meyerozyma based on phylogenetic analysis using 26S rDNA gene sequences. The ability of strain YB-12 to produce ethanol was similar to that of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NRRL Y-567, while isobutanol and isoamyl alcohol production was only 53.96% and 50.23%, respectively, of that of NRRL Y-567. The FA yield of rice wine produced with strain YB-12 was reduced to 51.85% in a 20 L fermenter. These results demonstrate that strain YB-12 presents promising characteristics for use in the production of rice wine with a potentially low content of FAs.

7.
PeerJ ; 9: e12364, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760379

RESUMO

In composting, the degradation of lignocellulose in straw is problematic due to its complex structures such as lignin. A common solution to this problem is the addition of exogenous inoculants. AC-1, a stable thermophilic microbial composite, was isolated from high temperature compost samples that can decompose lignocellulose at 50-70 °C. AC-1 had a best degradation efficiency of rice straw at 60 °C (78.92%), of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin were 82.49%, 97.20% and 20.12%, respectively. It showed degrad-ability on both simple (filter paper, absorbent cotton) and complex (rice straw) cellulose materials. It produced acetic and formic acid during decomposition process and the pH had a trend of first downward then upward. High throughput sequencing revealed the main bacterial components of AC-1 were Tepidimicrobium, Haloplasma, norank-f-Limnochordaceae, Ruminiclostridium and Rhodothermus which provides major theoretical basis for further application of AC-1.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705622

RESUMO

A novel Gram-positive, non-motile, non-flagellated, strictly anaerobic, non-spore-forming and dumbbell-shaped, coccoid- or chain-shaped bacterium, designated strain LZLJ-3T, was isolated from a mud fermentation cellar which has been used for the production of Chinese strong-flavour liquor for over 100 years. Strain LZLJ-3T grew at 20-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and with NaCl concentrations up to 1 % (w/v; optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic trees established based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LZLJ-3T belonged to the genus Blautia of the family Lachnospiraceae, with the highest sequence similarity to Blautia stercoris GAM6-1T (91.7 %) and Blautia faecicola KGMB01111T (91.7 %). Comparative genome analysis showed that the orthologous average nucleotide identity (OrthoANI) and genome-to-genome distance (GGD) values between strain LZLJ-3T and B. stercoris GAM6-1T were respectively 69.1 and 22.9 %; the OrthoANI and GGD values between strain LZLJ-3T and B. faecicola KGMB01111T were respectively 70.86 and 36 % . The DNA G+C content of strain LZLJ-3T genome was 42.1 mol%. The predominant celluar fatty acids (>10 %) of strain LZLJ-3T were C16 : 0 FAME (27.9 %), C14 : 0 FAME (17.6 %) and C16 : 0 DMA (13.0 %). Arabinose, glucose and maltose could be utilized by strain LZLJ-3T as sole carbon sources for growth, with weak utilization of raffinose and l-fucose. API ZYM analysis gave positive reactions with α-galactosidase, ß-galactosidase, α-glucosidase and ß-glucosidase. The major end product of glucose fermentation was acetic acid. Based on the results of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analyses, strain LZLJ-3T is considered to represent a novel species of Blautia, for which the name Blautia liquoris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LZLJ-3T (=KCTC 25163T=CGMCC 1.5299T=JCM 34225T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Clostridiales , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fermentação , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Front Physiol ; 12: 735234, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707510

RESUMO

Human periodontal ligament stromal/stem cells (PDLSCs) are ideal candidates for periodontal regeneration and are of significant importance in clinical practice. However, PDLSCs derived from diseased microenvironments exert impaired behavior, which leads to the failure of periodontal regeneration. The epithelial cell rests of Malassez (ERM), which are involved in periodontal homeostasis, are residual cells from Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS). However, the function of ERM remains largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ERM on the osteogenic potential of PDLSCs from an impaired microenvironment. PDLSCs from healthy donors (H-PDLSCs), periodontitis donors (P-PDLSCs) and human ERM were harvested. Osteogenic evaluation showed a lower osteogenic potential of P-PDLSCs compared to that of H-PDLSCs. Then, we co-cultured ERM with P-PDLSCs, and the data showed that ERM promoted the expression of osteogenic genes and proteins in P-PDLSCs. In addition, we collected the PDLSCs from aged donors (A-PDLSCs) and analyzed the osteogenesis capacity of the A-PDLSCs and A-PDLSCs + ERM groups, which displayed similar results to P-PDLSCs. Finally, we evaluated the Wnt pathway, which is associated with osteogenic differentiation of stromal/stem cells, in A-PDLSCs + ERM and P-PDLSCs + ERM groups, which indicated that suppression of the Wnt pathway may result in an increase in the osteogenic properties of A-PDLSCs + ERM and P-PDLSCs + ERM groups. Taken together, the above findings shed new light on the function of ERM and provide a novel therapeutic for optimizing PDLSCs-based periodontal regeneration.

10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 658262, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676158

RESUMO

An alternative splicing (AS) event is a highly complex process that plays an essential role in post-transcriptional gene expression. Several studies have suggested that abnormal AS events were the primary element in the pathological process of cancer. However, few works are dedicated to the study of AS events in esophageal carcinoma (EC). In the present study, clinical information and RNA-seq data of EC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The percent spliced in (PSI) values of AS events were acquired from the TCGA Splice-seq. A total of 183 EC patients were enrolled in this study, and 2,212 AS events were found significantly associated with the overall survival of these patients by univariate Cox regression analysis. The prognostic signatures based on AS events were built by multivariate Cox analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves displayed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the following prognostic signatures, including exon skip (ES), alternate terminator (AT), alternate acceptor site (AA), alternate promoter (AP), alternate donor site (AD), retained intron (RI), and total events, was greater than 0.8, suggesting that these seven signatures had valuable prognosis prediction capacity. Finally, the risk score of prognostic signatures was indicated as an independent risk factor of survival. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed to explore the function of splicing factors (SFs) that were associated with AS events. Also, the interactive network between AS events and SFs identified several hub genes and AS events which need further study. This was a comprehensive study that explored prognosis-related AS events and established valuable prognosis signatures in EC patients. The network of interactions between AS events and SFs might offer novel insights into the fundamental mechanisms of tumorigenesis and progression of EC.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714411

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and associated variables in children with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was given to children with CML and their parents, who were < 18 years at diagnosis of CML and < 19 years at study. The questionnaire comprised three parts, including demographic information, clinical information, and the Chinese version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Cancer Module 3.0 as HRQoL questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 240 respondents data were analyzed. Multivariate analysis showed that children with symptoms had worse pain (- 10.2; P < 0.001), nausea (- 17.3; P = 0.001), more treatment anxiety (- 7.2; P = 0.005), worse self-assessment appearance (- 7.1; P = 0.001), communication problems (- 6.4; P = 0.001), and worse HRQoL (- 7.0; P < 0.001). Children with mothers having low educational qualifications had worse pain (- 6.0; P = 0.014), more worried about future (- 5.4; P = 0.042), worse cognition problems (- 7.1; P = 0.002), worse communication problems (- 5.5; P = 0.008), and worse HRQoL (- 4.3; P = 0.005). Younger age children at study had more procedural anxiety (2.7; P = 0.001), treatment anxiety (- 1.7; P = 0.014) and cognition problem (3.6; P < 0.001), as well as worse HRQoL (1.8; P = 0.008). However, older age children at diagnosis were more worried about future (- 2.8; P = 0.001), worse self-assessment appearance (- 1.1; P = 0.042) and worse HRQoL (- 1.8; P = 0.007). Other variables significantly associated with worse HRQoL included female gender, rural household registration and their father's low education level. Parents reported more gastrointestinal disorders, were worried about the future and had less concern about appearance than their children. CONCLUSIONS: Female gender, older age at diagnosis, younger age at study, lower mother's education level, and TKI-related symptoms are significantly associated with worse HRQoL in Children with CML. Children and their parents have different priorities in the HRQoL.

12.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494816

RESUMO

The two biggest promises of solid-state lithium (Li) metal batteries (SSLMBs) are the suppression of Li dendrites by solid-state electrolyte (SSE) and the realization of a high-energy-density Li anode. However, LMBs have not met their expectations due to Li dendrite growth causing short-circuiting. In fact, Li dendrites grow even more easily in SSE than in liquid electrolyte, but the reason for this remains unclear. Here we report in situ transmission electron microscopy observations of Li dendrite penetration through SSE and "dead" Li formation dynamics in SSLMBs. We show direct evidence that large electrochemomechanical stress generates cracks in the SSE and drives Li through the SSE directly. We revealed that fresh Li nucleation sites emerged in every discharge cycle, creating new "dead" Li in the following charging cycle and becoming the dominant Coulombic efficiency decay mechanism in SSLMBs. These results indicate that engineering flaw size and reducing electronic conductivity in SSEs are essential to improve the performance of SSLMBs.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44479-44487, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516093

RESUMO

Solid-electrolyte interface (SEI) is "the most important but least understood (component) in rechargeable Li-ion batteries". The ideal SEI requires high elastic strength and can resist the penetration of a Li dendrite mechanically, which is vital for inhibiting the dendrite growth in lithium batteries. Even though Li2CO3 and Li2O are identified as the major components of SEI, their mechanical properties are not well understood. Herein, SEI-related materials such as Li2CO3 and Li2O were electrochemically deposited using an environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM), and their mechanical properties were assessed by in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) and inverse finite element simulations. Both Li2CO3 and Li2O exhibit nanocrystalline structures and good plasticity. The ultimate strength of Li2CO3 ranges from 192 to 330 MPa, while that of Li2O is less than 100 MPa. These results provide a new understanding of the SEI and its related dendritic problems in lithium batteries.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(36): 42822-42831, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473463

RESUMO

High interfacial resistance and uncontrollable lithium (Li) dendrite are major challenges in solid-state Li-metal batteries (SSLMBs), as they lead to premature short-circuiting and failure of SSLMBs. Here, we report the synthesis of a composite anode comprising a three-dimensional LiCux nanowire network host infiltrated with Li (Li* anode) with low interfacial impedance and superior electrochemical performance. The Li* anode is fabricated by dissolving Cu foil into molten Li followed by solidification. The Li* anode exhibits good wettability with Li6.4La3Zr1.4Ta0.6O12 (LLZTO) and high mechanical strength, rendering low Li*/LLZTO interfacial impedance, homogeneous deposition of Li, and suppression of Li dendrites. Consequently, the Li* anode-based symmetric cells and full cells with LiNi0.88Co0.1Al0.02O2 (NCA), LiFePO4 (LFP), and FeF2 cathodes deliver remarkable electrochemical performance. Specifically, the Li*/LLZTO/Li* symmetrical cell achieves a remarkably long cycle lifetime of 10 000 h with 0.1 mA·cm-2; the Li*/LLZTO/NCA full cell maintains capacity retention of 73.4% after 500 cycles at 0.5C; and all-solid-state Li*/LLZTO/FeF2 full cell achieves a reversible capacity of 147 mAh·g-1 after 500 cycles at 100 mA·g-1. This work demonstrates potential design tactics for an ultrastable Li*/garnet interface to enable high-performance SSLMBs.

15.
Front Oncol ; 11: 732704, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527594

RESUMO

Background: The effectiveness of conventional MRI (cMRI)-based radiomics in differentiating glioblastoma (GBM) from solitary brain metastases (SBM) is not satisfactory enough. Therefore, we aimed to develop an integrated radiomics model to improve the performance of differentiating GBM from SBM. Methods: One hundred patients with solitary brain tumors (50 with GBM, 50 with SBM) were retrospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to the training set (n = 80) or validation set (n = 20). A total of 4,424 radiomic features were obtained from contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging (CE-T1WI) with the contrast-enhancing and peri-enhancing edema region, T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-derived apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) images. The partial least squares (PLS) regression with fivefold cross-validation is used to analyze the correlation between different radiomic features and different modalities. The cross-validity analysis was performed to judge whether a new principal component or a new feature dimension can significantly improve the final prediction effect. The principal components with effective interpretation in all radiomic features were projected to a low-dimensional space (2D in this study). The effective features of the new projection mapping were then sent to the random forest classifier to predict the results. The performance of differentiating GBM from SBM was compared between the integrated radiomics model and other radiomics models or nonradiomics methods using the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC). Results: Through the cross-validity analysis of partial least squares, hundreds of radiomic features were projected into a new two-dimensional space to complete the construction of radiomics model. Compared with the combined radiomics model using DWI + 18F-FDG PET (AUC = 0.93, p = 0.014), cMRI + DWI (AUC = 0.89, p = 0.011), cMRI + 8F-FDG PET (AUC = 0.91, p = 0.015), and single radiomics model using cMRI (AUC = 0.85, p = 0.018), DWI (AUC = 0.84, p = 0.017), and 18F-FDG PET (AUC = 0.85, p = 0.421), the integrated radiomics model (AUC = 0.98) showed more efficient diagnostic performance. The integrated radiomics model (AUC = 0.98) also showed significantly better performance than any single ADC, SUV, or TBR parameter (AUC = 0.57-0.71, p < 0.05). The integrated radiomics model showed better performance in the training (AUC = 0.98) and validation (AUC = 0.93) sets than any other models and methods, demonstrating robustness. Conclusions: We developed an integrated radiomics model incorporating DWI and 18F-FDG PET, which improved the performance of differentiating GBM from SBM greatly.

16.
Nano Lett ; 21(16): 6859-6866, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369786

RESUMO

The increasing demand for safe and dense energy storage has shifted research focus from liquid electrolyte-based Li-ion batteries toward solid-state batteries (SSBs). However, the application of SSBs is impeded by uncontrollable Li dendrite growth and short circuiting, the mechanism of which remains elusive. Herein, we conceptualize a scheme to visualize Li deposition in the confined space inside carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to mimic Li deposition dynamics inside solid electrolyte (SE) cracks, where the high-strength CNT walls mimic the mechanically strong SEs. We observed that the deposited Li propagates as a creeping solid in the CNTs, presenting an effective pathway for stress relaxation. When the stress-relaxation pathway is blocked, the Li deposition-induced stress reaches the gigapascal level and causes CNT fracture. Mechanics analysis suggests that interfacial lithiophilicity critically governs Li deposition dynamics and stress relaxation. Our study offers critical strategies for suppressing Li dendritic growth and constructing high-energy-density, electrochemically and mechanically robust SSBs.

17.
Plant Sci ; 310: 110973, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315591

RESUMO

TaLHY is an MYB transcription factor (TF) that is upregulated by salicylic acid induction and shows circadian rhythms. However, the study of the upstream regulatory factors is still unclear. In this study, we cloned the promoter sequence of the TaLHY homologous genes, verified the activity of the promoters, and identified important regions that affect promoter activity. Furthermore, we explored a possible upstream regulator of TaLHY, named TaWRKY10, which played a key role in the expression of TaLHY. We found that the three promoters pTaLHYa, pTaLHYb, and pTaLHYd had transcriptional activity in wheat protoplasts. All three promoters have W-Box, which can bind to WRKY TFs. Using virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS), after silencing TaWRKY10, the resistance of ChuanNong 19 (CN19) to stripe rust pathogen strain CYR32 was lost, and the expression level of the TaLHY homologous gene decreased. At the same time, in wheat protoplasts, the transcriptional activity of TaLHY homologous promoters improved after TaWRKY10 overexpression. This indicates that TaWRKY10 is a key gene for wheat immune response to stripe rust, and this gene may bind to TaLHYa, TaLHYb, and TaLHYd promoters to regulate the expression of TaLHY.


Assuntos
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Triticum/metabolismo , Basidiomycota/patogenicidade , Resistência à Doença/genética , Resistência à Doença/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Triticum/genética
18.
Ann Hematol ; 100(9): 2215-2228, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089385

RESUMO

To explore the differences in the clinical features, treatment responses, and outcomes among children, adolescents, and adults with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP) receiving imatinib as first-line therapy. Data from children (0-8 years for girls and 0-10 years for boys), adolescents (9-19 years for girls and 11-19 years for boys), and adults (age ≥ 20 years) with newly diagnosed CML-CP receiving imatinib as first-line therapy between 2006 and 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. In total, 135 children (cohort 1), 189 adolescents (cohort 2), and 658 adults (cohort 3: age 20-39 years, n = 305; cohort 4: age 40-59 years, n = 270; and cohort 5: age 60-83 years, n = 83) were included in this study. When compared with children, adolescents showed a significantly higher white blood cell count (P = 0.033) and basophil percentage in peripheral blood (P = 0.002) and a significantly higher prevalence of splenomegaly (P = 0.004). Both children and adolescents presented with more aggressive clinical features than adults. During median follow-ups of 28 months (range, 3-161 months) in children, 33 months (range, 3-152 months) in adolescents, and 48 months (range, 3-157 months) in adults, multivariate analysis showed that children and adolescents had higher probabilities of achieving complete cytogenetic response, major molecular response, and molecular response4.5. Notably, compared with not only adults (cohort 3 vs. cohort 1: HR = 2.03 [1.03, 3.98], P = 0.040; cohort 4 vs. cohort 1: HR = 2.15 [1.07, 4.33], P = 0.033; cohort 5 vs. cohort 1: HR = 4.22 [1.94, 9.15], P < 0.001) but also adolescents (cohort 2 vs. cohort 1: HR = 2.36 [1.18, 4.72], P = 0.015), children had significantly longer failure-free survival. Age was not associated with progression-free survival or overall survival. Although they exhibited more aggressive clinical features at diagnosis, both children and adolescents achieved superior treatment responses than adults. Adolescents showed even more adverse features and a poor FFS than children.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069801

RESUMO

Exposure to air pollution has been suggested to be associated with an increased risk of women's health disorders. However, it remains unknown to what extent changes in ambient air pollution affect gynecological cancer. In our case-control study, the logistic regression model was combined with the restricted cubic spline to examine the association of short-term exposure to air pollution with gynecological cancer events using the clinical data of 35,989 women in Beijing from December 2008 to December 2017. We assessed the women's exposure to air pollutants using the monitor located nearest to each woman's residence and working places, adjusting for age, occupation, ambient temperature, and ambient humidity. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were examined to evaluate gynecologic cancer risk in six time windows (Phase 1-Phase 6) of women's exposure to air pollutants (PM2.5, CO, O3, and SO2) and the highest ORs were found in Phase 4 (240 days). Then, the higher adjusted ORs were found associated with the increased concentrations of each pollutant (PM2.5, CO, O3, and SO2) in Phase 4. For instance, the adjusted OR of gynecological cancer risk for a 1.0-mg m-3 increase in CO exposures was 1.010 (95% CI: 0.881-1.139) below 0.8 mg m-3, 1.032 (95% CI: 0.871-1.194) at 0.8-1.0 mg m-3, 1.059 (95% CI: 0.973-1.145) at 1.0-1.4 mg m-3, and 1.120 (95% CI: 0.993-1.246) above 1.4 mg m-3. The ORs calculated in different air pollution levels accessed us to identify the nonlinear association between women's exposure to air pollutants (PM2.5, CO, O3, and SO2) and the gynecological cancer risk. This study supports that the gynecologic risks associated with air pollution should be considered in improved public health preventive measures and policymaking to minimize the dangerous effects of air pollution.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Neoplasias , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
20.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(10)2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069286

RESUMO

This paper adopts the method of steel tube wall thickness and strength reduction to simulate corrosion damage. The numerical model of the square concrete-filled steel tube long column (SCFST-LC) under eccentric compression after acid rain corrosion is established in the finite element software, ABAQUS. The reliability and accuracy of the model are verified by comparing it with published relevant experimental results. The failure mode, load-deformation curve, and ultimate compressive load were analysed. Following that, the impacts of section size, yield strength of the steel tube, axial compressive strength of concrete, steel ratio, slenderness ratio, and load eccentricity on its ultimate compressive load are comprehensively investigated. The results demonstrate that the ultimate compressive load of the SCFST-LC decreases significantly with the increase in corrosion rate. The corrosion rate increases from 10 to 40%, and the ultimate bearing capacity decreases by 37.6%. Its ultimate bearing capacity can be enhanced due to the increase in section size, material strength, and steel ratio. In contrast, the ascending slenderness ratio and load eccentricity has harmful effects on the ultimate compressive load of the specimens. Finally, a simplified formula for the axial compressive load of the SCFST-LC under eccentric compression after acid rain corrosion is proposed. The calculation accuracy is high and the deviation of the results is basically within 15%, which is in good agreement with the numerical simulation results.

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