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1.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 26(4): 134-141, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453286

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate whether heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) gene polymorphisms are implicated in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) susceptibility, the efficacy of glucocorticoids (GCs) treatment, and improvement of health-related quality of life. METHODS: A total of 499 SLE patients and 499 controls were included in a case-control study, and 468 SLE patients treated with GCs for 12 weeks were involved in a follow-up study. Patients who completed the 12-week follow-up were divided into GCs-sensitive and GCs-insensitive group by using the SLE disease activity index. The SF-36 was used to evaluate the health-related quality of life of SLE patients, and genotyping was performed by improved multiplex ligation detection reaction. RESULTS: rs2075800 was associated with SLE susceptibility (adjusted odds ratio [ORadj], 1.437; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.113-1.855; Padj = 0.005; PBH = 0.020 by dominant model; ORadj, 1.602; 95% CI, 1.072-2.395; Padj = 0.022; PBH = 0.029 by TT vs CC model; ORadj = 1.396; 95% CI = 1.067-1.826; Padj = 0.015; PBH = 0.029 by TC vs CC model). In the follow-up study, rs2075799 was associated with the improvement in mental health (p = 0.004, PBH = 0.044), but we failed to find any association between the efficacy of GCs and Hsp70 gene polymorphisms. CONCLUSIONS: Hsp70 gene polymorphisms may be associated with susceptibility to SLE and improvement of mental health in Chinese Han population.

2.
Am J Transplant ; 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400931

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic sweeps the globe. The information regarding the kinetic changes of SARS-CoV-2 in immunosuppressed patients is unclear. Herein, we present a case of prolonged viral shedding in a transplant patient with COVID-19 pneumonia. A 49-year-old male kidney recipient was admitted to the hospital on February 7, 2020, for fever and fatigue. He was a permanent resident in Wuhan, China, and began having symptoms on January 29 (day 1 of illness). His maintenance immunosuppressive regime was consisted of tacrolimus (TAC, 1mg twice a day, orally), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF, 0.5g twice a day, orally) and prednisone (Pred, 5mg daily, orally) triple combination.

3.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1116: 1-8, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389184

RESUMO

Environmental endocrine disruptors in the environment and food, especially 17 ß-estradiol (E2), are important factors affecting the growth and development of organisms. In this research, we constructed a fluorescence strategy for two-step amplification that combined two currently popular methods, exponential amplification reaction (EXPAR) and hybridization chain reaction (HCR). E2 competed with the complementary DNA (cDNA) to bind the aptamer modified on the magnetic beads. The free complementary strand in the supernatant was used as a trigger sequence to activate EXPAR, producing a large amount of short single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). The amplified ssDNA can trigger the second HCR amplification, producing many long double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) analogues. According to the principle of fluorescence resonance energy transfer, the carboxyfluorescein (FAM) signals in H1 and H2 hairpins were quenched by black hole quencher (BHQ-1). After the addition of E2 and initiation of amplification, the initially quenched fluorescent signal would be restored. This strategy with a detection limit of 0.37 pg mL-1 (S/N = 3) showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.4-800 pg mL-1. In addition, the recovery rates of the method for milk and water samples were 98.55%-116.95% and 92.32%-107.00%, respectively. This is the first report of the combined detection of EXPAR and HCR, providing a reference for rapid and highly sensitive detection using multiple isothermal amplification methods.

4.
J Glob Health ; 10(1): 011003, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373339

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has posed stress on the health and well-being of both Chinese people and the public worldwide. Global public interest in this new issue largely reflects people's attention to COVID-19 and their willingness to take precautionary actions. This study aimed to examine global public awareness of COVID-19 using Google Trends. Methods: Using Google Trends, we retrieved public query data for terms of "2019-nCoV + SARS-CoV-2 + novel coronavirus + new coronavirus + COVID-19 + Corona Virus Disease 2019" between the 31st December 2019 and the 24th February 2020 in six major English-speaking countries, including the USA, the UK, Canada, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand. Dynamic series analysis demonstrates the overall change trend of relative search volume (RSV) for the topic on COVID-19. We compared the top-ranking related queries and sub-regions distribution of RSV about COVID-19 across different countries. The correlation between daily search volumes on the topic related to COVID-19 and the daily number of people infected with SARS-CoV-2 was analyzed. Results: The overall search trend of RSV regarding COVID-19 increased during the early period of observing time and reached the first apex on 31st January 2020. A shorter response time and a longer duration of public attention to COVID-19 was observed in public from the USA, the UK, Australia, and Canada, than that in Ireland and New Zealand. A slightly positive correlation between daily RSV about COVID-19 and the daily number of confirmed cases was observed (P < 0.05). People across countries presented a various interest to the RSV on COVID-19, and public awareness of COVID-19 was different in various sub-regions within countries. Conclusions: The results suggest that public response time to COVID-19 was different across countries, and the overall duration of public attention was short. The current study reminds us that governments should strengthen the publicity of COVID-19 nationally, strengthen the public's vigilance and sensitivity to COVID-19, inform public the importance of protecting themselves with enough precautionary measures, and finally control the spread of COVID-19 globally.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comunicação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Mineração de Dados , Surtos de Doenças , Saúde Global , Humanos
5.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(4): 260-268, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438963

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between soil selenium levels and the risk of diabetes in Chinese adults aged 35-74 years. Methods: Data for this study were derived from the China Chronic Diseases and Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance 2010 survey. Selenium concentrations in soil were obtained from the Atlas of Soil Environmental Background Values in China. A two-level binary logistic regression model was used to determine the association between soil selenium concentrations and the risk of diabetes, with participants nested within districts/counties. Results: A total of 69,332 participants aged 35-74 years, from 158 districts/counties were included in the analysis. Concentrations of selenium in soil varied greatly across the 158 districts/counties, with a median concentration of 0.219 mg/kg ( IQR: 0.185-0.248). The results showed that both Quartile 1 (0.119-0.185 mg/kg) and Quartile 4 (0.249-0.344 mg/kg) groups were positively associated with diabetes compared to a soil selenium concentration of 0.186-0.219 mg/kg (Quartile 2), crude odds ratios ( ORs) (95% CI) were 1.227 (1.003-1.502) and 1.280 (1.048-1.563). The P values were 0.045 and 0.013, for Quartile 1 and Quartile 4 groups, respectively. After adjusting for all confounding factors of interest, the Quartile 1 group became non-significant, and the Quartile 4 group had an adjusted OR (95% CI) of 1.203 (1.018-1.421) relative to the reference group (Quartile 2), the P values was 0.030. No significant results were seen for the Quartile 3 group (0.220-0.248 mg/kg) compared to the reference group. Conclusion: Excessive selenium concentrations in soil could increase the risk of diabetes among Chinese adults aged 35-74 years.

6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1119: 18-24, 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439050

RESUMO

We have established an assay that relies on aptamer and isothermal amplification for the tetrodotoxin (TTX)detection. The method uses triple cycle amplification (strand displacement amplification combined with catalytic hairpin assembly) and fluorescent reporter as an output signal. Free TTX and cDNA compete for binding to aptamer-modified magnetic beads. The cDNA collected by magnetic separation then used as a primer to trigger triple cycle amplification to obtain more ssDNA. The ssDNA combined with the reporter probe, and the original quenched fluorescence can be recovered. In addition, a linear relationship between fluorescence spectrum and different target concentrations is revealed. This method allows TTX to be detected by fluorometry with a detection limit as low as 0.265 pg mL-1. It was applied to clams and shellfish, achieving recoveries ranging from 100% to 107.33% and 99.67%-116.67%, respectively. The results were consistent with the commercial TTX ELISA kit. This assay is highly sensitive, reliable and has a good specificity. Therefore, it provides a better alternative to the standard method for quantitative detection of TTX.

7.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the variation trends and seasonality of losing weight by using the data from Google Trends tool. METHODS: According to the search term of [lose weight+weight loss], Google Trends data were obtained. Search activity was conducted within the USA, the UK, Canada, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand from January 01, 2004, to December 31, 2018, utilizing the health category. RESULTS: Dynamic series analysis and the plot of seasonal decomposition of time series show that relative search volume of [lose weight+weight loss] increased from 2004 to 2018 at both national and hemispherical levels. Statistically significant seasonal variations in relative search volume for the term [lose weight+weight loss] were observed using cosinor analyses in the USA (p<0.001), the UK (p<0.001), Canada (p<0.001), Ireland (p<0.001), Australia (p<0.001), and New Zealand (p<0.001), peaking in the spring months and reaching the lowest level in the autumn months. The highest level in spring and the lowest level in autumn were reversed by 6 months in both hemisphere countries, consistent with a seasonal pattern. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that Internet search queries for losing weight increased within the timeframe of 2004 to 2018, likely reflecting the rising global public interest. In addition, the present research provided preliminary evidence that there is a seasonality of losing weight with a peak in the spring months.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6630, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32313119

RESUMO

Enterovirus B83 (EV-B83) is a new member of the enterovirus B group. Currently, there are only two full-length genomic sequences of EV-B83 in the GenBank database and few VP1 region sequences. The aetiology and epidemiology of EV-B83 is unclear. 24 stool specimens were collected from twelve AFP patients and 298 stool specimens were collected from 298 healthy children in support of polio eradication activities in Tibet in 1999. Two polioviruses (isolated by L20B cell) and one non-polio enterovirus (isolated by RD cell) were isolated from AFP patients and nine polioviruses (isolated by L20B cell) and 90 non-polio enteroviruses (isolated by RD cell) were isolated from health children. Through molecular typing, we confirmed that the six of non-polio enteroviruses belong to EV-B83. The sequence similarity between the VP1 region of the Tibet isolates and that of the EV-B83 prototype strain was 80%. The maximum-likelihood phylogenetic tree of the partial VP1 region in EV-B83 demonstrated that EV-B83 formed four genotypes globally during the evolution process. The six Tibet EV-B83 strains formed the D genotype alone. Recombination analysis of Tibet EV-B83 showed that CV-B4, CV-A9, EV-B80, and EV-B106 may act as recombinant donors in multiple regions. The serum neutralization test showed that the antibody-positive rate was 58.8% and GMT was 1:19.70, which was higher than the previously reported results of EV-B106 and EV-B80. Temperature sensitivity test results showed that the six Tibet EV-B83 strains were temperature-insensitive with stronger virulence and potential infectivity, which was consistent with the results of the serum neutralization test. This study enriched the genome-wide sequence, epidemiological characteristics, and provided basic data for the follow-up study of EV-B83.

9.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 66: 104874, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339639

RESUMO

To date, only a limited number of toxicological studies have focused on the establishment and validation of in vitro genotoxicity screening systems using primary hepatocytes, and the results of these studies have been inconsistent. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an effective co-culture model of mouse-derived primary hepatocytes and splenocytes for screening chemicals for genotoxicity using the medium-throughput Comet assay. This cocultured model was constructed and verified using known genotoxic and non-genotoxic compounds as positive and negative controls, respectively. Cytotoxicity was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 and lactate dehydrogenase methods. DNA damage was detected using both alkaline and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (FPG) Comet assays. Compared with the controls, DNA strand breaks and FPG-sensitive sites showed significant concentration-dependent increases in genotoxic-agent-treated groups. In contrast, DNA damage remained unchanged in non-genotoxic-agent-treated groups. In addition, different types of genotoxic agents resulted in different time-dependent DNA lesions. Our results indicated that the % tail DNA indicating both DNA strand breaks and FPG-sensitive sites might be effective markers for predicting chemical-induced DNA damage and oxidative DNA damage using the cocultured model of hepatocytes and splenocytes. Collectively, these findings provide reliable experimental data for the establishment of in vitro genotoxicity screening methods.

11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 109: 110516, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228930

RESUMO

Here, we report the application of mussel-inspired surface coating to prepare heparin-mimetic biomacromolecules modified magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles as recyclable anticoagulant. Sodium alginate sulfate (SAS), which has the similar chemical structure and bioactivity with heparin, was synthesized at first. Dopamine (DA) was then grafted onto the backbone of SAS as the mussel-inspired adhesive macromolecule (DA-g-SAS), followed by being coated onto Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The SAS coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles could combine both the advantages of magnetic responsiveness and blood compatibility. The measurements revealed that the modified nanoparticles showed improved anticoagulant property as well as good recyclable property. The study provides a promising method to introduce nanomaterials into the field of hemodialysis. And the heparin-mimic polysaccharide biomacromolecules modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles can be considered as attractive material for potential application for hemodialysis.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0224588, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236110

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and water are four crucial factors that have significant effects on strawberry yield and fruit quality. We used a 11 that involved 36 treatments with five levels of each of the four variables (N, P, and K fertilizers and water) to optimize fertilization and water combination for high yield and quality. Moreover, we used the SSC/TA ratio (the ratio of soluble solid content to titratable acid) as index of quality. Results showed that N fertilizer was the most important factor, followed by water and P fertilizer, and the N fertilizer had significant effect on yield and SSC/TA ratio. By contrast, the K fertilizer had significant effect only on yield. N×K fertilizer interacted significantly on yield, whereas the other interactions among the four factors had no significant effects on yield or SSC/TA ratio. The effects of the four factors on yield and SSC/TA ratio were ranked as N fertilizer > water > K fertilizer > P fertilizer and N fertilizer > P fertilizer > water > K fertilizer, respectively. The yield and SSC/TA ratio increased when NPK fertilizer and water increased, but then decreased when excessive NPK fertilizer and water were applied. The optimal fertilizer and water combination were 22.28-24.61 g plant-1 Ca (NO3)2·4H2O, 1.75-2.03 g plant-1 NaH2PO4, 12.41-13.91 g plant-1 K2SO4, and 12.00-13.05 L water plant-1 for yields of more than 110 g plant-1 and optimal SSC/TA ratio of 8.5-14.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1106: 161-167, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145844

RESUMO

A novel sensitive assay was established by using strand displacement amplification (SDA) and DNA G-quadruplex with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) for the detection of patulin (PAT) toxin. The complementary DNA (cDNA) of the aptamer and PAT competed for binding to aptamer-modified magnetic beads. The cDNA was obtained by magnetic separation and used as a primer in SDA to produce a large amount of G-base single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). They can form the G-quadruplex to be combined with the AIE of TTAPE dye, which features a special combination of G-quadruplex that amplify the fluorescent signals. This work can reach a lower detection limit of 0.042 pg mL-1 with a wide linear range of 0.001-100 ng mL-1 for PAT detection than other methods. The results also showed good recoveries of 97.8%-104% and 101.7%-105.3% in spiked apple and grape juices, respectively. The assay used for the detection of PAT exhibits high sensitivity and good specificity. It also provides a stable and reliable platform for detecting other small-molecule toxins.

14.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32175693

RESUMO

The functional regulation of the orexin system in the central nervous system is closely related to the occurrence and development of psychotic disorders. Abnormal changes in the lateral region of the hypothalamus are associated with the comorbidity of depression and physical symptoms, and how the traditional Chinese formula Xiaoyaosan regulates these changes may reveal aspects of the pathogenesis of depression. This study aimed to establish a rat model of depression in order to examine changes in Orexin A/OxR1 expression in the lateral region of the hypothalamus and the effects of Xiaoyaosan. Sixty specific pathogen-free (SPF) male healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were used in the experiment and randomly divided into the control group, the model group, the Xiaoyaosan group and the fluoxetine group. The depression model was established by 21-day chronic immobilization stress (CIS). Food intake and body weight were recorded, and the sucrose preference test (SPT) and open field test (OFT) were used to evaluate the model. Then, the expression of Orexin A/OxR1 in the hypothalamus was measured by ELISA, Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. The expression of Orexin A and OxR1 in the lateral hypothalamic area was significantly down regulated in the model group, compared with the control group. Xiaoyaosan significantly reversed these changes with obvious curative effects. Abnormal changes in Orexin A/OxR1 in the lateral hypothalamic area of rats with depression caused by chronic stress are closely related to the pathogenesis of depression accompanied by physical symptoms. Xiaoyaosan can improve depression accompanied by physical symptoms by regulating Orexin A/OxR1.

15.
Food Funct ; 11(3): 2667-2678, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159537

RESUMO

Aged citrus peels (chenpi) have been used as a dietary supplement for gastrointestinal health maintenance in China. Recently, it was reported to exhibit anti-obesity activity. However, the relationship between the modulation effect of chenpi on gut microbiota and obesity prevention is not clearly understood. In this study, mice were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD), HFD supplemented with 0.25%- and 0.5%-chenpi extract, and normal diet, respectively, for 11 weeks. Chenpi extract significantly increased fecal short chain fatty acids by 43% for acetic acid and 86% for propionic acid. In addition, chenpi could decrease the prevalence of Proteobacteria and the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes by about 88% and 70%, respectively. Moreover, this study was the first work to demonstrate the dynamics of two beneficial bacteria-Akkermansia spp. and Allobaculum spp. in a dose- and time-dependent manner for chenpi treatment via monitoring the dynamic change of the gut microbiota. Metagenomic analysis of the gut microbiota showed that several pathways, such as a two-component system, a tight junction, Staphylococcus aureus infection and others, were enhanced dynamically. The improved biological process of metabolism especially in benzoate derivatives might refer to the increased metabolic transformation of polymethoxyflavones from chenpi in the colon. Our study indicated that the modulation effect of chenpi on the gut microbiota may be an important pathway for its anti-obesity mechanisms.

16.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 2785-2792, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218831

RESUMO

Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) progression is accompanied by changes in protein levels that may be reflected in body fluids, such as plasma, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and urine. Certain proteins present in these biofluids can facilitate lung cancer diagnosis. Kininogen 1 (KNG1), osteopontin (OPN) and α-1-antitrypsin (AAT) are associated with tumorigenesis. The present study aimed to explore the combined monitoring of plasma, urine and BALF to gain insight into LUSC by monitoring the levels of the above three protein using ELISA. LUSC (n=31) and healthy controls with benign lung diseases (n=20) were enrolled in the study. KNG1 levels in plasma, BALF and urine were significantly higher in patients with LUSC patients than in controls (P<0.0001, P<0.0001 and P=0.0010, respectively). OPN was upregulated in the plasma and BALF of patients with LUSC relative to controls (P=0.0107 and P=0.0004, respectively), whereas its levels in the urine of healthy controls were significantly higher (P=0.0088). Patients with LUSC had higher AAT levels in plasma, BALF and urine compared with those of the controls (P=0.0022, P=0.0014 and P=0.0005, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.81 for KNG1 in plasma, 0.91 in BALF and 0.81 in urine. The AUC for OPN was 0.71 in plasma, 0.83 in BALF and 0.75 in urine. The AUC for AAT was 0.74 in plasma, 0.74 in BALF and 0.86 in urine. Immunohistochemical staining in 20 paired LUSC and adjacent normal tissues showed that KNG1, OPN and AAT levels were higher in LUSC tissues. Therefore, our results showed that KNG1, OPN and AAT in biofluids might be useful for the diagnosis of LUSC. These markers in urine and BALF may be better than in plasma for detecting LUSC.

17.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 74(5): 796-805, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is confirmed to be associated with poor outcomes in stroke patients. The present study aimed to confirm that being at risk of malnutrition assessed by Nutritional Risk Screening Tool 2002 (NRS-2002) and the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score predicts poor outcomes at 3 months in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. METHODS: In total, 682 patients with AIS were recruited within 7 days of stroke onset consecutively and 110 were dropped out. They were screened for risk of malnutrition using NRS-2002 and the CONUT score. The primary outcome is the follow-up modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score. Poor outcomes were defined as an (mRS) score ≥ 3 at 3 months post discharge. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the mRS score at 3 months between patients at risk of malnutrition compared to those not at risk assessed by NRS-2002(P < 0.001) and CONUT (P = 0.011). The logistic regression model showed that the risk of malnourishment (according to NRS-2002), low risk of malnourishment (according to CONUT), and the moderate-to-severe risk of malnourishment (according to CONUT) were associated with higher risk of poor outcomes at 3 months (P < 0.001, P = 0.033, and P = 0.007). The multivariate logistic regression model (adjusted for confounding factors) demonstrated that the risk of malnourishment, according to the NRS-2002, was associated with the increasing risk of poor outcomes at 3 months (odds ratio = 2.31; 95% CI: 1.24-4.30; P = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS: The risk of malnutrition assessed by NRS-2002 and CONUT can predict poor outcomes at 3 months in AIS patients. NRS-2002 is superior to CONUT in predicting poor outcomes at 3 months.

18.
Plant Cell Rep ; 39(5): 589-595, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152696

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: CRISPR/Cas9-mediated editing of Clpsk1 enhanced watermelon resistance to Fusarium oxysporum. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 system has proven to be an effective genome-editing tool for crop improvement. Previous studies described that Phytosulfokine (PSK) signalling attenuates plant immune response. In this work, we employed the CRISPR/Cas9 system to knockout Clpsk1 gene, encoding the PSK precursor, to confer enhanced watermelon resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum (FON). Interactions between PSK and FON were analysed and it was found that transcript of Clpsk1 was significantly induced upon FON infection. Meanwhile, application of exogenous PSK increased the pathogen growth. Then, one sgRNA, which targeted the first exon of Clpsk1, was selected for construction of pRGEB32-CAS9-gRNA-Clpsk1 expression cassette. The construct was then transformed to watermelon through Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation method. Six mutant plants were obtained and three types of mutations at the expected position were identified based on Sanger sequencing. Resistance evaluation indicated that Clpsk1 loss-of-function rendered watermelon seedlings more resistant to infection by FON. These results indicate that CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene modification is an effective approach for watermelon improvement.

19.
Biomed Microdevices ; 22(1): 17, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076841

RESUMO

In this study, cobalt oxides functionalized MoS2/reduced graphene oxide was synthesized via a facile one-pot hydrothermal approach. Morphology and crystal structure of this ternary nanoarchitecture were characterized through scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. An ultrasensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensor was developed by decorating this ternary nanohybrid on the working electrode of a screen-printed electrochemical sensor. Cycle sweep voltammetry and amperometry were used to study the electro-catalytic activity of the modified working electrode, which demonstrated superior catalytic activity towards glucose oxidation with an extremely low detection limit of 30 nM. Meanwhile, this sensor showed an excellent selectivity in the presence of interfering species such as uric acid, ascorbic acid, etc. Based on the screen-printed technique, enzyme mimic nanomaterials could be easily introduced into portable devices, which opens the way to take non-enzymatic glucose electrochemical sensing towards point-of-care.

20.
Small ; 16(10): e1905422, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064782

RESUMO

The topographic features of an implant, which mechanically regulate cell behaviors and functions, are critical for the clinical success in tissue regeneration. How cells sense and respond to the topographical cues, e.g., interfacial roughness, is yet to be fully understood and even debatable. Here, the mechanotransduction and fate determination of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on surface roughness gradients are systematically studied. The broad range of topographical scales and high-throughput imaging is achieved based on a catecholic polyglycerol coating fabricated by a one-step-tilted dip-coating approach. It is revealed that the adhesion of MSCs is biphasically regulated by interfacial roughness. The cell mechanotransduction is investigated from focal adhesion to transcriptional activity, which explains that cellular response to interfacial roughness undergoes a direct force-dependent mechanism. Moreover, the optimized roughness for promoting cell fate specification is explored.

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