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1.
J Adv Res ; 37: 119-131, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499042

RESUMO

Introduction: O-linked ß-D-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification is a post-translational modification in which a single O-GlcNAc is added to serine or threonine residues in nuclear, cytoplasmic, and mitochondrial proteins, and is involved in a variety of physiological processes. Objectives: In the present study, the role of O-GlcNAcylation in embryo implantation was evaluated. Furthermore, whether O-GlcNAcylation is involved in orchestrating glucose metabolism to influence endometrial cell physiological functions was investigated. Methods: Different endometrial tissues were detected using immunohistochemistry. Pregnant mouse models were established to verify molecular expression. O-GlcNAc transferase and aquaporin 3 (AQP3) knockdown were used to detect embryo implantation efficiency in vitro and in vivo. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to detect protein expression and stability. Dual luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) were used to verify the binding transcription factor. Glycolysis was detected using bioenergy analyzer, and metabolites were analyzed using isotope 13C-labeled LC-MS. Metabolic-related genes were determined using RNA sequencing. Results: Activation of endometrial hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) caused elevated O-GlcNAcylation during the window of implantation, affecting endometrial cell function and embryo implantation. Specifically, elevated O-GlcNAcylation increased glucose uptake via glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) leading to glucose metabolic flow into the pentose phosphate pathways and HBP, which regulate the metabolic reprogramming of endometrial cells. Furthermore, O-GlcNAcylation mediated the intracellular transport of glycerol to support and compensate for glycolysis through regulation of AQP3. Unexpectedly, elevated AQP3 also increased glucose uptake via GLUT1. These processes maintained higher metabolic requirements for endometrial physiology. Furthermore, the transcription factor SP1 specifically bound to the AQP3 promoter region, and O-GlcNAcylation of SP1 increased its stability and transcriptional regulation of AQP3 which is associated with O-GlcNAcylation of SP1. Conclusion: Overall, O-GlcNAcylation regulated glucose metabolism in endometrial cells, and AQP3-mediated compensation provides new insights into the communication between glycolysis and O-GlcNAcylation.


Assuntos
Aquaporina 3 , Glicólise , Animais , Aquaporina 3/metabolismo , Implantação do Embrião , Glucose/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo , Hexosaminas , Camundongos
2.
Life Sci ; : 120611, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526594

RESUMO

AIMS: Organophosphorus pesticide diazinon (DZN) has adverse effects on animals and humans by direct contact or the spread of food chain. The antioxidant melatonin has protective effects on female reproduction. This study aimed to explore the effects of DZN on meiosis maturation in mouse cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) and the effects of melatonin. MAIN METHODS: Different concentrations of DZN and melatonin were added during the in vitro maturation of COCs. Then we detected the extrusion rate of the first polar body, the number of sperms binding to oocyte, mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species (ROS), early apoptosis. Subsequently, the expression of Juno, CX37, CX43 and ERK1/2 were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting. KEY FINDINGS: DZN exposure results in the failure of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of oocyte meiosis. Destruction of repositioning and function of mitochondria increases the levels of ROS and early apoptosis. The DZN-exposed oocytes express less Juno resulting to bind less sperms than normal. The loss of gap junctions and failure to activate ERK1/2 also contribute to the failure of cytoplasmic maturation. All these ultimately lead to the poor oocyte quality and low fertility. Appropriate melatonin can effectively restore all these defects. SIGNIFICANCE: Under DZN exposure, melatonin can significantly improve the quality of oocytes, and melatonin promotes oocyte maturation by protecting gap junction and restoring ERK1/2 pathway, which is a new breakthrough for improving female fertility.

3.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 4483-4493, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35518516

RESUMO

Introduction: Time-to-treatment window is critical for managing acute ischaemic stroke. The community healthcare practitioners (CHPs) who deliver frontline care in the health system play an important role in stroke prevention and treatment. Methods: A multi-stage sampling design was adopted in Guangdong province, China. A total of 997 CHPs who participated in the survey were divided into two groups (the awareness group vs the unawareness group) according to their knowledge on the time window for stroke management. Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore factors associated with the awareness of "time window". Results: Overall, less than half (49.1%) of CHPs were aware of the time window for stroke management. The proportion of CHPs who were able to recognise stroke symptoms were higher in the awareness group (42.7%) than that in the unawareness group (38.8%). Most CHPs (82.9%) in the awareness group had the knowledge about the effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis in treating acute cerebral infarction, whereas this was perceived by only less than half (43.6%) of CHPs in the unawareness group. Factors associated with the knowledge of time window for stroke management included participation in cerebrovascular disease management training (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=4.203, 95% CI: 1.707-10.348, p=0.002), awareness of the time frame for CT initiation (aOR=5.214, 95% CI: 1.803-15.078, p=0.002) and for urokinase thrombolysis administration (aOR=11.927, 95% CI: 4.393-32.382, p<0.001), accurate perceptions about the target for blood pressure lowering (aOR=4.181, 95% CI: 1.713-10.207, p=0.002) and blood glucose control (aOR=2.446, 95% CI: 1.019-5.869, p=0.045), and the familiarity with prehospital stroke management principles (aOR=3.593, 95% CI: 1.383-9.332, p=0.009). Conclusion: The CHPs need to enhance their ability to address the acute ischaemic stroke onset promptly to provide effective treatment within the beneficial "time window". This may help improve the stroke chain of survival with better multidisciplinary decision support systems that enable optimal stroke care delivery.

4.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 23(5): 392-406, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557040

RESUMO

Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is one of the major causes of graft loss after transplantation. Recently, the regulation of B cell differentiation and the prevention of donor-specific antibody (DSA) production have gained increased attention in transplant research. Herein, we established a secondary allogeneic in vivo skin transplant model to study the effects of romidepsin (FK228) on DSA. The survival of grafted skins was monitored daily. The serum levels of DSA and the number of relevant immunocytes in the recipient spleens were evaluated by flow cytometry. Then, we isolated and purified B cells from B6 mouse spleens in vitro by magnetic bead sorting. The B cells were cultured with interleukin-4 (IL-4) and anti-clusters of differentiation 40 (CD40) antibody with or without FK228 treatment. The immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgM levels in the supernatant were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were conducted to determine the corresponding levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression in cultured cells and the recipient spleens. The results showed that FK228 significantly improved the survival of allogeneic skin grafts. Moreover, FK228 inhibited DSA production in the serum along with the suppression of histone deacetylase 1 (HADC1) and HDAC2 and the upregulation of the acetylation of histones H2A and H3. It also inhibited the differentiation of B cells to plasma cells, decreased the transcription of positive regulatory domain-containing 1 (Prdm1) and X-box-binding protein 1 (Xbp1), and decreased the expression of phosphorylated inositol-requiring enzyme 1 α (p-IRE1α), XBP1, and B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1). In conclusion, FK228 could decrease the production of antibodies by B cells via inhibition of the IRE1α-XBP1 signaling pathway. Thus, FK228 is considered as a promising therapeutic agent for the clinical treatment of AMR.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504419

RESUMO

A novel acidic polysaccharide named SSPA50-1 was isolated from Scapharca subcrenata using a simulated gastric fluid extraction method. SSPA50-1 is a heteropolysaccharide with an average molecular weight of 44.7 kDa that is composed of galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, mannose, ribose, rhamnose, fucose, xylose and arabinose at a molar ratio of 1.00:5.40:9.04:3.10:1.59:4.01:2.10:2.21:2.28. The structural characterization based on the methylation and 1D/2D NMR analyses indicated that SSPA50-1 is composed of →3)-ß-L-Rhap-(1→,→3)-ß-L-2-O-Me-Fucp-(1→, →2)-α-D-Xylp-(1→, →5)-α-L-Araf-(1→, →3)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, →6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →3,4)-ß-D-Manp-(1→, →3,4)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, ß-D-Ribf-(1→, α-D-Glcp-(1→, and α-D-GalAp6Me-(1→. Furthermore, SSPA50-1 possessed potent immunoregulatory activity by enhancing the phagocytosis and NO, iNOS, TNF-α and IL-6 secretion capacity of RAW 264.7 cells. Otherwise, SSPA50-1 significantly promoted the proliferation of splenic lymphocytes and RAW264.7 macrophages. These results indicated that SSPA50-1 could be developed as a potential ingredient for immunostimulatory agents.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 826487, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35516426

RESUMO

Gut microbiota plays an important role in metabolic homeostasis. Previous studies demonstrated that ginsenoside Rb1 might improve obesity-induced metabolic disorders through regulating glucose and lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissues. Due to low bioavailability and enrichment in the intestinal tract of Rb1, we hypothesized that modulation of the gut microbiota might account for its pharmacological effects as well. Here, we show that oral administration of Rb1 significantly decreased serum LDL-c, TG, insulin, and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in mice with a high-fat diet (HFD). Dynamic profiling of the gut microbiota showed that this metabolic improvement was accompanied by restoring of relative abundance of some key bacterial genera. In addition, the free fatty acids profiles in feces were significantly different between the HFD-fed mice with or without Rb1. The content of eight long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) was significantly increased in mice with Rb1, which was positively correlated with the increase of Akkermansia and Parasuttereller, and negatively correlated with the decrease of Oscillibacter and Intestinimonas. Among these eight increased LCFAs, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), octadecenoic acids, and myristic acid were positively correlated with metabolic improvement. Furthermore, the colonic expression of the free fatty acid receptors 4 (Ffar4) gene was significantly upregulated after Rb1 treatment, in response to a notable increase of LCFA in feces. These findings suggested that Rb1 likely modulated the gut microbiota and intestinal free fatty acids profiles, which should be beneficial for the improvement of metabolic disorders in HFD-fed mice. This study provides a novel mechanism of Rb1 for the treatment of metabolic disorders induced by obesity, which may provide a therapeutic avenue for the development of new nutraceutical-based remedies for treating metabolic diseases, such as hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.

7.
Front Psychol ; 13: 835204, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572245

RESUMO

Drawing on the conservation of resource theory, we examined the effect of perceived overqualification on the creative performance via voice toward peers, and how the peer group perceived overqualification moderates the relationship between perceived overqualification and creative performance. We tested this proposal using three waves of lagged data collected from 206 company employees in Shandong Province, China. The results revealed that peer group perceived overqualification moderated the indirect effects of perceived overqualification on creative performance such that there was positive indirect effect via voice toward peers when peer group perceived overqualification is high and negative indirect effect via voice toward peers when peer group perceived overqualification is low. The implications, limitations, and future directions of these findings were discussed.

8.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 909187, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573243

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic glucose oxidation is crucial to the development of non-enzymatic sensors, an attractive alternative for enzymatic biosensors. However, due to OH- consumption during the catalytic process, non-enzymatic detection generally requires electrolytes having an alkaline pH value, limiting its practical application since biofluids are neutral. Herein, via interfacial microenvironment design, we addressed this limitation by developing a non-enzymatic sensor with an air-solid-liquid triphase interface electrodes that synergistically integrates the functions of local alkalinity generation and electrocatalytic glucose oxidation. A sufficiently high local pH value was achieved via oxygen reduction reaction at the triphase interface, which consequently enabled the electrochemical oxidation (detection) of glucose in neutral solution. Moreover, we found that the linear detection range and sensitivity of triphase non-enzymatic sensor can be tuned by changing the electrocatalysts of the detection electrode. The triphase electrode architecture provides a new platform for further exploration and promotes practical application of non-enzymatic sensors.

9.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441714

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of HyCoSy using sulfur hexafluoride microbubbles for fallopian tubal patency assessment in infertile females. Twenty-four studies, including 1358 females with 2661 detected fallopian tubes published from January 2003 to May 2019, were identified. The pooled sensitivity was 93% (95% CI: 90-95%), while the specificity was 90% (95% CI: 87-92%). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.96 (95% CI: 94-98%). The specificity of the four-dimensional HyCoSy subgroup was higher than the 2D/3D subgroup; an increased dose of contrast agent did not affect the specificity, with only a slightly reduced sensitivity.

10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(7)2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406383

RESUMO

Histotripsy has been used for tumor ablation, through controlled, non-invasive acoustic cavitation. This is the first study to evaluate the impact of partial histotripsy ablation on immune infiltration, survival outcomes, and metastasis development, in an in vivo orthotopic, immunocompetent rat HCC model (McA-RH7777). At 7-9 days post-tumor inoculation, the tumor grew to 5-10 mm, and ~50-75% tumor volume was treated by ultrasound-guided histotripsy, by delivering 1-2 cycle histotripsy pulses at 100 Hz PRF (focal peak negative pressure P- >30 MPa), using a custom 1 MHz transducer. Complete local tumor regression was observed on MRI in 9/11 histotripsy-treated rats, with no local recurrence or metastasis up to the 12-week study end point, and only a <1 mm residual scar tissue observed on histology. In comparison, 100% of untreated control animals demonstrated local tumor progression, developed intrahepatic metastases, and were euthanized at 1-3 weeks. Survival outcomes in histotripsy-treated animals were significantly improved compared to controls (p-value < 0.0001). There was evidence of potentially epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in control tumor and tissue healing in histotripsy-treated tumors. At 2- and 7-days post-histotripsy, increased immune infiltration of CD11b+, CD8+ and NK cells was observed, as compared to controls, which may have contributed to the eventual regression of the untargeted tumor region in histotripsy-treated tumors.

11.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451677

RESUMO

The risk factors, outcomes, and typical patterns of intraoperative hypothermia were studied in neonates to better guide the application of insulation measures in the operating room. This retrospective study enrolled 401 neonates undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia with tracheal intubation, including abdominal surgery, thoracic surgery, brain surgery, and others. The study collected basic characteristics, such as age, sex, weight, birth weight, gestational week, primary diagnosis and American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) grade. Perioperative data included preoperative body temperature, length of hospital stay, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, intubation time, postoperative bleeding, postoperative pneumonia, postoperative death, and total cost of hospitalization. Intraoperative data included surgical procedures, anaesthesia duration, operation duration, blood transfusion, fluid or albumin infusion, and application of vasoactive drugs. The incidence of intraoperative hypothermia (< 36 °C) was 81.05%. Compared to normothermic patients, gestational week (OR 0.717; 95% CI 0.577-0.890; P = 0.003), preoperative temperature (OR 0.228; 95% CI 0.091-0.571; P = 0.002), duration of anaesthesia (OR 1.052; 95% CI 1.027-1.077; P < 0.001), and type of surgery (OR 2.725; 95% CI 1.292-5.747; P = 0.008) were associated with the risk of intraoperative hypothermia. Patients with hypothermia had longer length of ICU stay (P = 0.001), longer length of hospital stay (P < 0.001), and higher hospital costs (P < 0.001). But there were no association between clinical outcomes and intraoperative hypothermia in the multivariable regression adjusted analysis. The lowest point of intraoperative body temperature was approximately 1 h 30 min. Then, the body temperature of patients successively entered a short plateau phase and a period of slow ascent. The greatest decrease in body temperatures occurred in preterm babies and neonates with preoperative hypothermia. The lowest core temperatures that occurred in neonates with preoperative hypothermia was lower than 35 °C. This study shows that there is a high incidence of intraoperative hypothermia in the neonate population. The intraoperative body temperature of neonates dropped to the lowest point in 1-1.5 h. The greatest decrease in core temperatures occurred in preterm babies and neonates with lower preoperative temperature.

12.
Bioengineered ; 13(4): 10072-10087, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473571

RESUMO

The incidence rate of breast cancer is the highest in the world, and major problem in the clinical treatment is the therapy resistance of breast cancer stem cells (CSCs). Thus, new therapeutic approaches targeting breast CSCs are needed. Our previous study demonstrated cancer-derived sialylated IgG (SIA-IgG) is highly expressed in cancer cells with stem/progenitor features. Furthermore, a high frequency of SIA-IgG in breast cancer tissue predicted metastasis and correlated with poor prognosis factors, and depletion of IgG in breast cancer leads to lower malignancy of cancer cells, suggesting SIA-IgG could be a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer. In this study, we first investigated the relationship of SIA-IgG expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and clinical prognosis of breast carcinoma patients, and the data confirmed that the expression of SIA-IgG confers poor prognosis in breast cancer. Successively, by using a monoclonal antibody specifically against SIA-IgG, we targeted SIA-IgG on the surface of MDA-MB-231 cells and detected their functional changes, and the results suggested SIA-IgG to be a promising antibody therapeutic target in breast cancer. In addition, we explored the mechanism of action at the molecular level of SIA-IgG on breast cancer cell, the findings suggest that SIA-IgG promotes proliferation, metastasis, and invasion of breast cancer cells through the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Developing therapeutic antibody needs effective therapeutic target, and the antibody should better be a monoclonal antibody with high affinity and high specificity. This study provides a potential prognostic marker and a novel therapeutic target for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Prognóstico , Via de Sinalização Wnt
13.
J Plant Physiol ; 272: 153690, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397464

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of light quality on the morphological traits, photosynthetic pigment content, protective enzyme (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase) activity, and bioactive compound (BSP, total phenol, and militarine) content in Bletilla striata. Plants of B. striata were grown under light filtered through three differently colored films. The treatments were red film (RF), yellow film (YF), and blue film (BF), and an uncovered treatment was included as a control (CK). Compared with the B. striata plants in the RF, YF, and CK treatment groups, those receiving BF treatment showed significantly promoted growth of the aerial parts. Meanwhile, the total phenol and militarine contents in B. striata tubers were increased without affecting the accumulation of B. striata polysaccharides. These results show that growing B. striata plants under blue film could be a useful technique to improve quality and production. This technique is conducive to achieving large-scale sustainable production of high-quality plant materials.


Assuntos
Orchidaceae , Fenol , Fenóis , Tubérculos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
14.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 322(6): F611-F624, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403451

RESUMO

Promoting adaptive repair in acute kidney injury (AKI) is an effective strategy to prevent the progression from AKI to chronic kidney disease. However, the mechanisms involved in renal repair after AKI remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), an important regulator of ischemic and hypoxic injury, in AKI during the repair phase. We established mouse models of ischemia-reperfusion injury-induced AKI with adaptive repair or maladaptive repair. We found that after injury, activation of HIF in the adaptive repair group was rapid, whereas in the maladaptive repair group HIF activation was relatively delayed, and its expression was significantly lower than that in the adaptive repair group during the early repair phase. To further investigate the mechanism of HIF, we regulated the expression of HIF-1α and HIF-2α in HK-2 cells and EA.hy926 cells, respectively. Silencing HIF expression reduced proliferation and increased apoptosis in cells injured by hypoxia/reoxygenation. Self-healing ability was further reduced due to the downregulation of HIF. Moreover, HIF overexpression had the opposite effect. HIF increased the expression of ß-catenin and its downstream target genes. Activation of Wnt/ß-catenin by the small-molecule activator SKL2001 mitigated the damaging effect of HIF knockdown, whereas blockade of ß-catenin with the inhibitor IWR-1-endo reduced the protective effects of HIF. In conclusion, HIF, which is highly expressed in the early stage after AKI, promotes renal repair by interacting with the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We investigated the role of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) in acute kidney injury in vivo and in vitro. Expression of HIF in the adaptive repair group was more rapid and sufficient than that in the maladaptive repair group during the early repair phase. HK-2 and EA.hy926 cells treated with hypoxia/reoxygenation were used to elucidate the cross talk between HIF and the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway by which HIF played a renoprotective role in acute kidney injury.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Animais , Humanos , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
15.
Food Funct ; 13(9): 5396-5405, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35471225

RESUMO

Maternal diabetes mellitus reduces oocyte quality, such as abnormalities of spindle assembly and chromosome segregation, mitochondrial dysfunction, decrease of fertilization rate, increase of ROS, and so on. So, it is important to research how to restore the decreased oocyte quality induced by maternal diabetes mellitus. Polyphenols are the most abundant bioactive components of green tea. It is reported that tea polyphenols have many health functions, for instance anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, anti-obesity, and anti-diabetes. Thus, we hypothesize that tea polyphenols may play a crucial role in alleviating adverse effects of diabetes on oocyte quality. In the present study, we researched the effects of tea polyphenols on diabetic oocyte maturation in vitro. Compared with the control, oocytes from diabetic mice displayed a lower maturation rate and a higher frequency of spindle defects and chromosome misalignment. However, tea polyphenols significantly increased the oocyte maturation rate, and reduced the incidence of abnormal spindle assembly and chromosome segregation. Tea polyphenols also obviously decreased the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in diabetic oocytes, and increased the expression of antioxidant genes (Sod1 and Sod2). Abnormal mitochondrial membrane potential was also alleviated in diabetic oocytes, and the expression of genes regulating mitochondrial fusion (Opa1, Mfn1 and Mfn2) and fission (Drp1) was significantly increased while tea polyphenols were added. Meanwhile, tea polyphenols reduced DNA damage in diabetic oocytes which may be mediated by the increased expression of Rad51, related to DNA damage repair. Our results suggest that tea polyphenols would, at least partially, restore the adverse effects of diabetes mellitus on oocyte quality.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Polifenóis , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias , Oócitos , Polifenóis/metabolismo , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Chá/metabolismo
16.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 214: 112467, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366575

RESUMO

Nanoparticles (NPs) enter cells via multiple pathways, all of which are NP size dependent. Previous studies indicated that the clathrin-mediated endocytosis has different selectivity for the NP size, but the regulatory mechanism remains unclear and difficult to study at the molecular scale in vivo. By means of computer simulation, here we design membrane wrapping on differently sized NPs with mimic clathrin assembly at the opposite membrane side. With relatively large NPs readily wrapped by a pure membrane as manifested, clathrin modulates the process and tunes the size selectivity. Although finite curvature can be generated by cage-like clathrin assembly to facilitate membrane wrapping on relatively small NPs, the clathrin assemblage has a certain range of size, which is mismatched with larger NPs. Besides, the local membrane patch is rigidified by clathrin to increase the barrier of membrane wrapping on larger NPs. Competition of these items determines whether membrane wrapping on NPs is promoted or suppressed, and can be tuned by the NP-membrane adhesion strength, clathrin concentration, and inter-NP distance. Our results highlight the significance of complex environment in altering the nature of NP interaction with cell membranes, and are expected to help design NPs for biomedical applications requiring precise control of NP uptake or cell membrane attachment.


Assuntos
Clatrina , Nanopartículas , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Clatrina/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Endocitose , Nanopartículas/metabolismo
17.
RSC Adv ; 12(4): 2246-2252, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35425232

RESUMO

Pd-P@Pt-Ni core-shell nanoparticles, which consisted of a Pd-P alloy as a core and Pt-Ni thin layer as a shell, were explored as electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation reaction. The crystallographic information and the electronic properties were fully investigated by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In the methanol electrooxidation reaction, the particles showed high catalytic activity and strong resistance to the poisoning carbonaceous species in comparison with those of commercial Pt/C and the as-prepared Pt/C catalysts. The excellent durability was demonstrated by electrochemically active surface area loss and chronoamperometric measurements. These results would be due to the enhanced catalytic properties of Pt by the double synergistic effects from the core part and the nickel species in the shell part.

18.
Asian J Surg ; 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431127

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To comprehensive investigate the diagnostic efficacy of LR-5 and LR-4/5 by MRI LI-RADS of suspected liver nodules. METHODS: A comprehensive search of authenticated international databases including PubMed/Medline, Ovid, Embase, Web of Science as well as a series of nation-level databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure was carried out to look for related studies with respect to the diagnostic performance of MRI LR-5 or LR-4/5 for HCC. Subsequently, main data including the basic information of the articles incorporated as well as main outcomes, including diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, or original data like true positive, false positive, true negative and false negative values were extracted. Next, forest plots were generated to reveal the pooled diagnostic sensitivity, specificity. RESULTS: The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity of LR-5 and LR-4/5 by LI-RADS were comparatively satisfactory. The pooled diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of MRI LR-5 with respect to pathologically diagnosed HCC were 0.73 [95% CI 0.7-0.75] and 0.88 [95% CI 0.86-0.90] respectively. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of MRI LR-4/5 were 0.77 [95% CI 0.75-0.80] and 0.82 [95% CI 0.79-0.85] respectively. CONCLUSION: Through this systematic review and meta-analysis, we found a promisingly satisfactory diagnostic efficacy of LR-5 and LR-4/5 by MRI LI-RADS of suspected malignant liver nodules, manifested by optimal diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy.

19.
J Chromatogr A ; 1673: 463081, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489242

RESUMO

In the current study, natural cotton fiber was served as the supporter of water, and the water acted as an extractant for liquid-phase microextraction of polar components in low-polar edible oils. An in-syringe extraction device was constructed to facilitate the extraction process by simply loading a certain amount of cotton fibers between the syringe needle and the plastic syringe tube. Then, the extraction process can be conveniently conducted by pull-push the syringe plunger. It can be regarded as a new type of dynamic liquid-phase microextraction method while operated more convent. For the feasibility study, the novel in-syringe cotton fiber-supported liquid extraction (CF-SLECF-SLE) pretreatment method was applied to extract free 3-mono-chloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in edible oils. Specifically, the cotton fibers supported a certain amount of water by successfully pulling-pushing 1 mL of water and 1 mL of HEX in/out twice, respectively. Then, 2.0 mL of diluted oil sample (containing 0.4 g oil) was loaded in and out four times for extraction, during which process 3-MCPD was extracted into the supported water. The extracted 3-MCPD was desorbed with 1 mL of ethyl acetate (EA), derivatized with trimethyl silane imidazole (TMSI), and analyzed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). For three different spiked edible oils, the internal standard normalized matrix effect (IS-normalized ME) values were in ranges of 96.3-104.8% with RSD being 4.3%, benefiting the accurate quantitative analysis. The limit of quantification (LOQ) was calculated to be 2 ng/g, which met the regular determination requirement of 3-MCPD in edible oils. Satisfied linearity was obtained in 2-500 ng/g, with correlation coefficients (R2) being 0.998. The relative recoveries were in the ranges of 96.9-110.5%. The intra-/inter-day RSDs were less than 8.2% and 10.2%, respectively. The proposed method provides an efficient, simple, low-cost, and easy to automate strategy for determining free 3-MCPD in edible oils.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 833: 155233, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421471

RESUMO

Developing a suitable substrate with high phosphorus (P) sorption capacity, low solubility, and high hydraulic loading for constructed wetlands (CWs) is crucial for their functions. In this study, we used attapulgite and biochar as base materials to prepare a lanthanum/aluminum (La/Al) amended attapulgite/biochar composite as a novel P filter using a one-step drying process and subsequent high-temperature thermal treatments. Results indicated that the solidified poly aluminum chloride (PAC) amended attapulgite/biochar (SAl@AB) has a higher solubility than the solidified La-modified attapulgite/biochar (SLa@AB) and the solidified PAC and La co-modified attapulgite/biochar (SAlLa@AB). Therefore, SAl@AB is not suitable to be used as a substrate for constructed wetlands (CWs). Batch studies indicated that SLa@AB and SAlLa@AB have maximum P sorption capacities of 12.8 mg/g and 21.3 mg/g, respectively. The P sorption rates are higher than those found in most substrates used in constructed wetlands. Additionally, pH and coexisting ions exert minor effects on the P removal performance of SAlLa@AB. Column experiments indicated that longer hydraulic retention time (HRT) favors the removal of influent P. A 120-day column experiment indicated that an average of 95% of the P influent (10 mg P/L) could be removed by the SAlLa@AB with an HRT of 8 h. The P forms analyzed by sequential extraction indicated that P removed by SAlLa@AB occurs through the formation of calcium-bound and Al-bound P fractions, which can account for 68.7% and 18.8% of the total phosphorus, respectively. The formation of lanthanum/aluminum phosphate precipitation was the main P removal mechanism of SAlLa@AB. This was further confirmed by an XPS analysis, showing a formation of La-O-P and Al-O-P inner-sphere complexes after P sorption by SAlLa@AB. The results of this study indicate that SAlLa@AB was a promising substrate for future CWs.

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