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1.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 15: 2813-2826, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36134390

RESUMO

As a popular weight management intervention, intermittent fasting (IF) has been widely applied to the treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. This review describes the different forms and implementation protocols of IF and their effects on body weight, body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors and other diseases. The existing evidence suggests that IF is as effective as continuous energy restriction and may be a feasible and effective approach to weight loss.

2.
Am J Health Behav ; 46(4): 423-441, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109857

RESUMO

Objectives: From the perspective of media framing, this paper explores how factual frame and influence frame affect the cognition of vaccine effectiveness among Chinese netizens, and how emotions vary in the process and act on the cognition. Methods: We first discuss the theoretical framework and propose hypotheses. Drawing on the cognitive theory of emotions and the Pleasure- Arousal-Dominance (PAD) model, the scale and questionnaire were designed, and used to test the influence of media framing over the cognition of vaccine effectiveness by 2-factor ANOVA and Bootstrap methods. Results: The proposed hypotheses were verified. The perceived effectiveness of domestic vaccines corresponding to the factual frame group was on average 0.19 (95% CI 0.641-0.642) higher than that of the influence frame. The impact on audience cognition from reports of positive tendency was on average 0.642 (95% CI 0.641-0.642) higher than that of negative tendency. The indirect effect of the media frame on the perceived effectiveness through the mediating variable emotion was -0.0923, at the 95% level. Conclusions: The audience can understand the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines better if the factual frame with actual data and authoritative opinions is adopted, rather than reports of the effects of the vaccines on the virus, the vaccinated, and society. Moreover, media reports should be more positive to mitigate the negative emotions, stimulate the arousal of public opinions, and improve audience cognition of report contents, thereby encouraging vaccine uptake.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Cognição , Emoções , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Microbiol Res ; 265: 127172, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084615

RESUMO

In this study, it was found that reducing consumption of acetyl-CoA in mitochondria, peroxisome and lipid biosynthesis could not obviously enhance liamocin biosynthesis by engineered strains of Aureobasidium melanogenm 9-1, but decreased cell growth of the mutants. On the contrary, expression of heterologous PTA gene for phosphotransacetylase in PK pathway and native ALD gene for acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and ACS gene encoding acetyl-CoA synthetase in the PDH bypass pathway reduced liamocin biosynthesis. However, expression the PK gene for phosphoketolase, the PDC gene encoding pyruvate decarboxylase and VHb gene coding for Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) in the glucose derepression mutants could greatly enhance liamocin production. The resulting strain V33 could produce 55.38 g/L of liamocin and 25.10 g/L of cell dry weight from 117.27 g/L of glucose within 168 h of 10-liter fermentation, leading to the yield of 0.47 g/g of glucose, the productivity of 0.33 g/L/h and rate of glucose utilization of 0.70 ± 0.01 g/L/h. This was a new and efficient strategy for overproduction of liamocin by A. melanogenm.

4.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 205: 115241, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084707

RESUMO

The solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11), an amino acid transporter protein is frequently overexpressed in human malignancies. The expression and activity of SLC7A11 is finely regulated by oncogenes and tumor suppressors in tumor cells through various mechanisms and is highly specific for cystine and glutamate. Cystine is mainly transported intracellularly by SLC7A11 in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and is involved in GSH synthesis, which leads to ferroptosis resistance in tumor cells and promotes tumorigenesis and progression. The downregulation of SLC7A11 presents a unique drug discovery opportunity for ferroptosis-related diseases. Experimental work has shown that the combination of targeting SLC7A11 and tumor immunotherapy triggers ferroptosis more potently. Moreover, immunotargeting of SLC7A11 increases the chemosensitivity of cancer stem cells to doxorubicin, suggesting that it may act as an adjuvant to chemotherapy. Thus, SLC7A11 could be a promising target to overcome resistance mechanisms in conventional cancer treatments. This review provides an overview of the regulatory network of SLC7A11 in the TME and progress in the development of SLC7A11 inhibitors. In addition, we summarize the cytotoxic effects of blocking SLC7A11 in cancer cells, cancer stem cells and immune cells.

5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 985361, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091714

RESUMO

Background: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare but serious and treatable cause of neurologic symptoms. Due to the variable clinical presentation, CVST was often misdiagnosed. According to published case reports, common clinical manifestations of CVST include headache, focal neurological deficit, epilepsy, papilledema, etc. It is rare, nevertheless, to mention cases of rapidly progressive dementia (RPD). Case presentation: We reported a case of a 62-year-old retired male accountant, a Han Chinese from eastern China, who initially presented with slow response and memory decline. Until 2 months later, his memory declined and slow response deteriorated significantly, and he could not even complete simple tasks like brushing his teeth, washing his face, washing his feet, and dressing himself, and sometimes developed fecal incontinence. His neuropsychological test demonstrated severe cognitive decline. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies revealed markedly high opening pressure (260 mm of water), and coagulation tests indicated a mild elevation of D-Dimer of 1.19 mg/L. The magnetic resonance venography (MRV) showed thrombosis of the left transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus, and jugular venous bulb and was diagnosed as CVST. He switched from subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and transitioned to oral anticoagulants at the time of discharge. The repeated CSF studies revealed normal opening pressure. After 5 days of anticoagulant treatment, his symptoms considerably improved, and a 1-month follow-up revealed that he had fully healed with no signs of recurrence. Conclusion: This case demonstrated the clinical heterogeneity of CVST, which should be taken into account for differential diagnosis of RPD. This case study also offered fresh data for the categorization of the clinical traits and the diagnosis of CVST.

6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 770933, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082277

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in Chinese adults and analyzed the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, practices (KAP), and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Methods: A population-based self-administered online survey was conducted in Taizhou, China to evaluate the population's hesitancy to receive COVID-19 vaccination. A total of 2.463 adults received the invitation for the survey through WeChat (A Chinese app that is used for chat, social media, and mobile payment), and 1.788 interviewees answered the structured questionnaire. The overall response rate was 72.6%. Results: Total 45.2% of people were hesitant about the COVID-19 vaccination. Using binary logistic regression analysis, we found low perception of safety (Model 3: Odds ratio = 2.977, Confidence interval: 2.237-3.963) and efficacy (Model 3: OR = 1.904, 95%CI: 1.462-2.479) of the COVID-19 vaccine in adults is the most important risk factor for COVID-19 vaccine hesitation. People who know more about COVID-19 vaccination are less hesitant (Model 2: OR = 0.967, 95% CI: 0.951-0.983). People who did not seek information independently about the COVID-19 vaccine are more likely to be skeptical (Model 4: OR = 1.300, 95% CI: 1.058-1.598, P = 0.013). Conclusion: In China, the population had higher levels of COVID-19 vaccine hesitation, and their knowledge of the COVID-19 vaccine, perceptions of safety and efficacy, and physical health status were significantly associated with vaccine hesitation. These results provide ideas for promoting COVID-19 vaccination and intervention and have far-reaching implications for further strengthening research on vaccine hesitancy in COVID-19 and exploring strategies for COVID-19 vaccine promotion.

7.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079743

RESUMO

Early weaning leads to the disorder of the gut microbiome and gut mucosal barrier injury. Early intervention of gut microbiome colonization contributes to the development of the gut microbiome and gut function. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of Saccharomyces boulardii (S. boulardii) early intervention on the gut microbiome structure and gut mucosal barrier function of early-weaned rats. The results showed that S. boulardii early intervention improved growth performance along with a decrease in pathogenic bacteria, an increase in beneficial bacteria, a stable and complex microbiome, and a high level of microbial metabolism. Moreover, S. boulardii upregulated the mucosal barrier function including goblet cells and relative gene expression, tight junction, and sIgA level. Furthermore, S. boulardii suppressed the inflammatory response and promoted the anti-inflammatory response. Our study may provide a possible early intervention strategy for preventing an early weaning-induced disorder of the gut microbiome and loss of gut mucosal barrier function.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Probióticos , Saccharomyces boulardii , Animais , Probióticos/farmacologia , Ratos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Desmame
8.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 16: 995614, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062260

RESUMO

Dysphagia is one of the most common manifestations of stroke, which can affect as many as 50-81% of acute stroke patients. Despite the development of diverse treatment approaches, the precise mechanisms underlying therapeutic efficacy remain controversial. Earlier studies have revealed that the onset of dysphagia is associated with neurological damage. Neuroplasticity-based transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a recently introduced technique, is widely used in the treatment of post-stroke dysphagia (PSD) by increasing changes in neurological pathways through synaptogenesis, reorganization, network strengthening, and inhibition. The main objective of this review is to discuss the effectiveness, mechanisms, potential limitations, and prospects of TMS for clinical application in PSD rehabilitation, with a view to provide a reference for future research and clinical practice.

9.
Talanta ; 252: 123869, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058197

RESUMO

In this study, nanoporous C was prepared from the roots, stems and leaves of liquorice and modified via element doping. Then, the nitrogen and sulfur co-doped liquorice carbon (N, S-LC) and functional multiwall carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNTs) were dispersed using an ultrasonic dispersion technology, and a binary nanocomposite was prepared. N, S-LC plays a key role in the formation and electrochemical efficiency of binary nanocomposites, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy indicates that the binary complexes formed by the hybridisation of N, S-LC and f-MWCNTs can improve the electron transfer ability of an electrode. The electrochemical behaviour of Licochalcone A (LicA) and Liquiritin (LQ) on GCE modified by N, S-LC/f-MWCNTs binary nanocomposite was investigated via differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The interpeak potential difference between LicA and LQ were 0.48 V. The calibration curves for LicA and LQ were obtained in the range of 0.4-70.0 µM and 0.1-150.0 µM, respectively, and the detection limits are 33 and 25 nM (S/N=3), respectively. The modified electrode has been successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of LicA and LQ in licorice with satisfactory recoveries as confirmed by HPLC method.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 39(9): 1016-1020, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082577

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a Chinese pedigree affected with hereditary dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI) type II. METHODS: Clinical data of the pedigree members were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and subjected to whole exome sequencing. RESULTS: Clinical characteristics of the affected family members have included amber teeth along with significant attrition, constricted roots and dentine hypertrophy leading to pulpal obliteration, which were suggestive of DGI type II. All of the affected members were found to have harbored a novel heterozygous c.2837delA (p.Asp946Valfs*368) variant of the DSPP gene which was predicted to be likely pathogenic. CONCLUSION: The c.2837delA variant of the DSPP gene probably underlay the disease in this pedigree. Above finding has expanded the variant spectrum of DSPP gene and provided a basis for molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Assuntos
Dentinogênese Imperfeita , Dentinogênese Imperfeita/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Linhagem , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Sialoglicoproteínas/genética
11.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077689

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the role of target genes with aberrant DNA methylation in HPV+ HNSCC. METHODS: A HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array (Illumina) was used to identify differentially methylated genes. CCK-8, flow cytometry, wound healing, and cell invasion assays were conducted to analyze the biological roles of PRKCZ. Western blot, qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and animal studies were performed to explore the mechanisms underlying the functions of PRKCZ. RESULTS: We selected PRKCZ, which is associated with HPV infection, as our target gene. PRKCZ was hypermethylated in HPV+ HNSCC patients, and PRKCZ methylation status was negatively related to the pathological grading of HNSCC patients. Silencing PRKCZ inhibited the malignant capacity of HPV+ HNSCC cells. Mechanistically, HPV might promote DNMT1 expression via E6 to increase PRKCZ methylation. Cdc42 was required for the PRKCZ-mediated mechanism of action, contributing to the occurrence of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HPV+ HNSCC cells. In addition, blocking PRKCZ delayed tumor growth in HPV16-E6/E7 transgenic mice. Cdc42 expression was decreased, whereas E-cadherin levels increased. CONCLUSION: We suggest that PRKCZ hypermethylation induces EMT via Cdc42 to act as a potent tumor promoter in HPV+ HNSCC.

12.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 401, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic chronic autoimmune disease; cellular glutamine metabolism in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) of RA was known to be essential for RA pathogenesis and progression. NEAT1, a long non-coding RNA, functions as an oncogene in diverse cancers. The exact roles and molecular mechanisms of NEAT1 in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) of RA patients are unknown. METHODS: Expression of NEAT1 and miR-338-3p was measured by qRT-PCR. lncRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA interactions were predicted from starBase and validated by RNA pull-down and luciferase assay. The glutamine metabolism of FLSs was evaluated by glutamine uptake and glutaminase activity. Cell death in FLSs in response to H2O2 was assessed by MTT and Annexin V assays. RESULTS: NEAT1 was significantly upregulated, and miR-338-3p was significantly downregulated in FLSs from RA patients compared to normal FLSs. Silencing of NEAT1 and overexpression of miR-338-3p suppressed glutamine metabolism in FLSs-RA and promoted H2O2-induced apoptosis. Bioinformatics analysis showed that NEAT1 sponges miR-338-3p to form competing endogenous RNA (ceRNAs), which was verified by RNA pull-down assay and luciferase assay FLSs-RA had an increased rate of glutamine metabolism compared to normal FLSs increased compared to normal FLSs. The results confirmed that GLS (Glutaminase), a key enzyme in glutamine metabolism, is a direct target of miR-338-3p in FLSs-RA. miR-338-3p inhibition of glutamine metabolism was verified by rescue experiments verified. Finally, restoration of miR-338-3p in FLSs-RA expressing NEAT1 overcomes NEAT1-promoted glutamine metabolism and resistance to apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the essential role and molecular targets of NEAT1-regulated glutamine metabolism and FLSs-RA dysfunction in fibroblast-like synoviocytes of RA and indicates that blocking the molecular pathway via non-coding RNAs may be beneficial for RA patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Sinoviócitos , Apoptose/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Glutaminase/genética , Glutaminase/metabolismo , Glutamina/metabolismo , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo
14.
World Neurosurg ; 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) is classified into reducible AAD and irreducible AAD (IRAAD). Anterior or posterior releasing followed by occipitocervical/atlantoaxial fusion is often performed for IRAAD, but is technically demanding. This study aimed to evaluate the results of the posterior open reduction technique without releasing the atlantoaxial joint in the treatment of potentially reducible AAD (PRAAD) caused by transverse ligament laxity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data from 38 RA patients who experienced PRAAD due to transverse ligament laxity were retrospectively reviewed. They all underwent posterior open reduction and fusion without releasing the atlantoaxial joint. Outcomes were evaluated by using atlantodental interval, modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, Nurick grade, Neck Disability Index, and visual analog scale score for neck pain. RESULTS: All the patients achieved solid bone fusion at follow-up. The mean atlantodental interval was reduced to 5.6 ± 0.7 mm and 2.1 ± 0.5 mm after traction and operation, respectively, from a preoperative score of 8.2 ± 0.6 mm (P < 0.05). Compared with the respective preoperative values, the mean modified Japanese Orthopedic Association score and Nurick grade were significantly increased at the final follow-up (both P < 0.05), whereas the Neck Disability Index and visual analog scale score for neck pain were significantly decreased (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: AAD with partial reduction after skeletal traction for 48 hours should be defined as PRAAD, not IRAAD. Open reduction with a C1-C2 pedicle screw-rod system can be safely and effectively applied in the treatment of PRAAD due to transverse ligament laxity in patients with RA.

15.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 902022, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935403

RESUMO

Objectives: Inflammation plays an important role in the development of depression after stroke. Monocyte-to-HDL Cholesterol Ratio (MHR) recently emerged as a novel comprehensive inflammatory indicator in recent years. This study aimed to investigate whether there is a relationship between MHR levels and post-stroke depression (PSD). Methods: From February 2019 to September 2021, patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) were recruited within 7 days post-stroke from the two centers and blood samples were collected after admission. The 17-item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-17) was used to measure depressive symptoms at 3 months after stroke. Patients were given the DSM-V criteria for diagnosis of PSD. Results: Of the 411 enrolled patients, 92 (22.38%) patients were diagnosed with PSD at 3-months follow-up. The results also showed significantly higher level of MHR in patients with depression [0.81 (IQR 0.67-0.87) vs. 0.61 (IQR 0.44-0.82), P < 0.001] at admission than patients without depression. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that MHR (OR 6.568, 95% CI: 2.123-14.565, P = 0.015) was an independent risk factor for the depression at 3 months after stroke. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the odds ratio of PSD was 5.018 (95% CI: 1.694-14.867, P = 0.004) for the highest tertile of MHR compared with the lowest tertile. Based on the ROC curve, the optimal cut-off value of MHR as an indicator for prediction of PSD was projected to be 0.55, which yielded a sensitivity of 87% and a specificity of 68.3%, with the area under the curve at 0.660 (95% CI: 0.683-0.781; P = 0.003). Conclusion: Elevated level of MHR was associated with PSD at 3 months, suggesting that MHR might be a useful Inflammatory markers to predict depression after stroke.

16.
Exp Ther Med ; 24(3): 579, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35949338

RESUMO

Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease poses a significant threat to human health. The pathological basis is atherosclerosis and foam-cell formation is the key factor in the initiation of atherosclerosis. In the present study, foam cell models were established using 50 ng/ml oxidized low-density lipoprotein to stimulate in vitro cultures of THP-1 cells for 72 h. The expression of zinc finger protein 580 (ZNF580), a Cys2-His2 zinc finger protein containing 172 amino acids that was originally cloned by screening a human aortic cDNA library, was measured in foam cells and its interaction with various regulatory factors during foam-cell formation was investigated. Oil red O staining was used to observe cell morphology and intracellular lipid levels. Lentivirus transfection was employed to either overexpress or silence ZNF580 in THP-1 cells, and an inverted fluorescence microscope was used to observe the distribution of ZNF580 immunofluorescence to determine the transfection rate. RNA and total protein were extracted and the expression levels of ZNF580, CD36, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) were measured by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. The protein levels were examined by western blot analysis to evaluate the interaction between ZNF580 and associated regulatory factors. ZNF580 was able to significantly increase the expression levels of ApoE and ABCA1 and significantly decrease the expression levels of CD36 and PPAR-γ, suggesting that ZNF580-mediated inhibition of foam-cell formation is associated with the PPAR-γ-CD36 signalling pathway. Based on these findings, ZNF580 may be a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease.

17.
Prim Care Diabetes ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) on diabetic retinopathy (DR) in People with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and the cut-off value of UACR for predicting DR using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 2490 people with T2D was conducted with follow-up ranging from 3 to 10 years, with a mean follow-up of 7 years. Dilated fundus examination and urine examination were performed annually. Medical history and clinical data were collected and analyzed. Linear mixed effect models with unstructured variance-covariance were carried out to longitudinally assess the influence of UACR and other factors on DR, and ROC curve was drawn to evaluate the value of UACR in early diagnosis of DR. RESULTS: Linear Mixed-effect models revealed that UACR was positively correlated with the development of DR (ß = 0.001, 95 %CI: 1.023-1.241, P < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve for UACR was 0.634 (95 %CI: 0.605-0.664, P < 0.001), cut-off value for early diagnosis of DR was 27.81 mg/g, the sensitivity was 0.586, and the specificity was 0.632. CONCLUSION: UACR can predict the occurrence of DR in people with T2D, so it can be considered as a preliminary indicator of DR.

18.
J Mater Chem B ; 10(32): 6143-6157, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924330

RESUMO

A wound dressing based on a thermosensitive hydrogel shows advantages over performed traditional dressings, such as rapid reversible sol-gel-sol transition properties and the capacity to fill an irregular-shaped wound area. Herein, RA-Amps was fabricated by coupling a self-assembled peptide RADA16 with an antibacterial peptide (Amps) and incorporated into a PNIPAM hydrogel containing an MGF E peptide to develop a multi-functional composite hydrogel with thermo-response properties, good biocompatibility, good mechanical properties, and antibacterial and carrier functions for wound healing. PNI/RA-Amps is an injectable thermo-reversible system with a phase transition temperature of ∼32 °C, and exhibits a rapid reversible sol-gel-sol transition of ∼23 s, which makes it conducive to sealing the wound area and avoiding sol diffusion caused by a lengthy gel time. MGF E peptide was loaded into a hydrogel and released continuously to promote fibroblast proliferation. Rat full-thickness skin experiments revealed that the PNI/RA-Amps/E hydrogel accelerates wound healing significantly by accelerating epithelialization, the generation of new blood vessels and promoting the generation of collagen fiber compared with commercial dressing. Thus, our findings establish a new candidate for use as an injectable wound dressing for the clinical treatment of wounds.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , Hidrogéis , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bandagens , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Ratos , Cicatrização
19.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 148: 108227, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35973324

RESUMO

In this work, an interference-resistant electrochemical aptasensor that could detect profenofos in vegetables was constructed based on complexes of graphene oxide and polyaniline (GO@PANI) and gold nanoparticles-tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (Au-TDN). Compared with a single chain aptamer, the tetrahedral DNA nanostructure is highly stable and allows the aptamer on this structure to stand in a highly ordered position on an electrode surface. Moreover, the AuNPs are biocompatible and can protect the activity of the aptamer, which can improve the assembly success rate of Au-TDN. Besides, the conductivity of PANI had been tremendously enhanced thanks to the existence of GO, which improved the dispersion of PANI. The GO@PANI was prepared by a chemical synthesis method, which had a large surface area and was able to adsorb many Au-TDN. Under optimal working parameters, the constructed aptasensor exhibited good electrochemical sensing performance with a detection limit of 10.50 pg/mL and a linear range of 1.0 × 102-1.0 × 107 pg/mL. In addition, it was employed in detecting profenofos in vegetables with a good recovery rate of 90.41-116.37 %. More importantly, the aptasensor also has excellent stability and high selectivity. This study provides a promising method to avoid interference in the detection of profenofos by sensors.

20.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 151: 106278, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) was recently found to play an important role in cardiovascular disease. However, the role of EZH2 in vascular remodeling induced by mechanical stretch is poorly understood. The aim of the present work was to investigate the role of EZH2 in regulating smooth muscle cell function through mechanical stretch assays and to explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: WT C57BL/6 J mice underwent sham surgery or abdominal aortic constriction. The level of EZH2 expression was determined by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. We demonstrated the thickness of vascular remodeling by HE staining. JASPAR was used to predict transcription factors that could affect EZH2. Chromatin immunoprecipitation was used to substantiate the DNAprotein interactions. Promoter luciferase assays were performed to demonstrate the activity of the transcription factors. RESULTS: We found that in vivo, AAC significantly reduced EZH2 protein levels in the thoracic aorta. Smooth muscle-specific overexpression of EZH2 was sufficient to attenuate the AAC-induced reduction in trimethylation of Lys-27 in histone 3 and thickening of the arterial media. Administration of GSK-J4 (an inhibitor of H3K27me3 demethylase) induced the same effects. In addition, we found that mechanical stretch regulated the expression of EZH2 through the Yes-associated protein (YAP)- transcriptional factor TEA domain 1 (TEAD) pathway. TEAD1 bound directly to the promoter of EZH2, and blocking the YAP-TEAD1 interaction inhibited EZH2 downregulation due to mechanical stretch. CONCLUSION: This study reveals that mechanical stretch downregulates EZH2 through the YAP-TEAD1 pathway, thereby aggravating smooth muscle cell apoptosis and vascular remodeling.

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