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1.
Gene ; 807: 145961, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530088

RESUMO

Vibrio parahaemolyticus produces two types of IV pili: mannose-sensitive haemagglutinin type IV pili (MSHA) and chitin-regulated pili (ChiRP). Both of them are required for biofilm formation and the pathogen persistence in hosts. However, there are few reports on the regulation of their expression. In the present study, we showed that the master quorum sensing (QS) regulators AphA and OpaR oppositely regulated the transcription of mshA1 encoding the pilin of MSHA pilus in V. parahaemolyticus. At low cell density (LCD), AphA indirectly repressed mshA1 transcription. In contrast, at high cell density (HCD), OpaR bound to the regulatory DNA region of mshA1 to activate its transcription. Oppositely regulation of mshA1 by AphA and OpaR led to a gradual increase in the expression level of mshA1 from LCD to HCD. Thus, regulation of type IV pili production was one of the mechanisms that V. parahaemolyticus adopted to control biofilm formation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fímbrias/genética , Percepção de Quorum/genética , Vibrio/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Contagem de Células , Proteínas de Fímbrias/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/genética , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Vibrio/metabolismo , Vibrio cholerae/genética , Vibrio cholerae/metabolismo , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/genética , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/metabolismo
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126790, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358973

RESUMO

Acid mine drainage (AMD) system represents one of the most unfavorable habitats for microorganisms due to its low pH and high concentrations of metals. Compared to bacteria and fungi, our understanding regarding the response of soil protozoa to such extremely acidic environments remains limited. This study characterized the structures of protozoan communities inhabiting a terrace heavily contaminated by AMD. The sharp environmental gradient of this terrace was generated by annual flooding from an AMD lake located below, which provided a natural setting to unravel the environment-protozoa interactions. Previously unrecognized protozoa, such as Apicomplexa and Euglenozoa, dominated the extremely acidic soils, rather than the commonly recognized members (e.g., Ciliophora and Cercozoa). pH was the most important factor regulating the abundance of protozoan taxa. Metagenomic analysis of protozoan metabolic potential showed that many functional genes encoding for the alleviation of acid stress and various metabolic pathways were enriched, which may facilitate the survival and adaptation of protozoa to acidic environments. In addition, numerous co-occurrences between protozoa and bacterial or fungal taxa were observed, suggesting shared environmental preferences or potential bio-interactions among them. Future studies are required to confirm the ecological roles of these previously unrecognized protozoa as being important soil microorganisms.


Assuntos
Mineração , Solo , Ácidos , Bactérias , Microbiologia do Solo
3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 275: 118673, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742409

RESUMO

Chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) are a derivative of low molecular weight chitosan and are potent natural antimicrobial agents. The antimicrobial activity of COS against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus fumigatus was evaluated by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and inhibition of mycelial growth. The MICs of COS against these two fungi were 31.2 and 15.6 mg/mL, respectively. COS treatment rendered fungal mycelia wrinkled and deformed with a fractured appearance. COS also increased cellular permeability leading to a significant leakage of cellular components indicating membrane damage. This compound also dose-dependently reduced chitin production and enhanced chitinase activity while enhancing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These characteristics suggested that COS has inhibitory effects against food spoilage fungi and acts on the cell wall and membrane and alters cellular metabolism. COS shows promise for food industry applications since it is non-toxic to higher organisms.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150055, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798719

RESUMO

Landscape composition and configuration determine the exchange of matter and energy among different landscape patches and may affect riverine phosphorus (P) exports derived from watershed legacy sources. However, a lack of understanding of landscape pattern effects on legacy P releases has yielded large uncertainties in mitigating watershed water quality using management practices or landscape planning. This study revealed the significance of legacy effect in the headwater catchments through the time-lag response of the long-term trend of river P exports to the change of net anthropogenic P input (NAPI). By constructing empirical statistical models that incorporated NAPI, hydroclimatic, terrain factors, soil chemical properties, and land use variables, the sources of annual riverine total phosphorus (TP) and dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) exports were divided into current annual NAPI input and legacy sources inputs. The model estimations indicated that the contribution of legacy sources to riverine TP exports was 0.33-1.12 kg ha-1 yr-1 (50.7-82.8%), which was significantly higher than the contribution to DIP exports (0.18-0.49 kg ha-1 yr-1, 42.4-81.4%) in 2012-2017. Redundancy analysis (RDA) and variance partitioning analysis (VPA) methods were used to quantify the relative contribution of landscape patterns, soil P content, and terrain factors to legacy P releases. Results revealed that the relative contribution of the landscape composition and configuration to the total variations of legacy P releases was greater than that of the soil P and terrain factors. For different land use patches, a large area of woodland with a high aggregation degree and a large area of ponds with multiple net structures may significantly alleviate legacy P releases. In contrast, the legacy P releases were significantly positively associated with highly aggregated agricultural, tea plantation, and residential patches. This study provides theoretical support for strategies aiming to control legacy P from the perspective of landscape planning.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Florestas , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 777885, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803997

RESUMO

One big threat from influenza A viruses (IAVs) is that novel viruses emerge from mutation alongside reassortment. Some of them have gained the capability to transmit into human from the avian reservoir. Understanding the molecular events and the involved factors in breaking the cross-species barrier holds important implication for the surveillance and prevention of potential influenza outbreaks. In this review, we summarize recent progresses, including several ground-breaking findings, in how the interaction between host and viral factors, exemplified by the PB2 subunit of the influenza virus RNA polymerase co-opting host ANP32 protein to facilitate transcription and replication of the viral genome, shapes the evolution of IAVs from host specificity to cross-species infection.

6.
J Proteomics ; 251: 104422, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775099

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in a wide range of pathological processes and recognized as potential and novel biomarkers for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Here, we describe the plasma EV proteome of rats with 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO)-induced OSCC or moderate dysplasia (MD), which can progress to OSCC, by tandem mass tag (TMT)-labeled mass spectrometry. The proteomic profiles suggest the differential expression of various proteins in MD and OSCC, some well-recognized pathological changes (e.g., translation, ATP metabolism, and mesenchymal transition), and some novel pathological changes (e.g., podosome, focal adhesion, and S100 binding). We re-examined the presence of traditional exosomal markers and the reported novel pan-EV markers. In summary, these results suggest potential EV biomarkers and underlying pathological changes in early OSCC as well as the presence of oral-derived EVs in plasma and the need for pan-EV markers. SIGNIFICANCE: This research suggests potential EV biomarkers and underlying pathological changes in early OSCC as well as the presence of oral-derived EVs in plasma and the need for pan-EV markers.

7.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 87(23): e0176921, 2021 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756059

RESUMO

Biological arsenite [As(III)] oxidation is an important process in the removal of toxic arsenic (As) from contaminated water. However, the diversity and metabolic potentials of As(III)-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) responsible for As(III) oxidation in wastewater treatment facilities are not well documented. In this study, two groups of bioreactors inoculated with activated sludge were operated under anoxic or oxic conditions to treat As-containing synthetic wastewater. Batch tests of inoculated sludges from the bioreactors further indicated that microorganisms could use nitrate or oxygen as electron acceptors to stimulate biological As(III) oxidation, suggesting the potentials of this process in wastewater treatment facilities. In addition, DNA-based stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP) was performed to identify the putative AOB in the activated sludge. Bacteria associated with Thiobacillus were identified as nitrate-dependent AOB, while bacteria associated with Hydrogenophaga were identified as aerobic AOB in activated sludge. Metagenomic binning reconstructed a number of high-quality metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) associated with the putative AOB. Functional genes encoding As resistance, As(III) oxidation, denitrification, and carbon fixation were identified in these MAGs, suggesting their potentials for chemoautotrophic As(III) oxidation. In addition, the presence of genes encoding secondary metabolite biosynthesis and extracellular polymeric substance metabolism in these MAGs may facilitate the proliferation of these AOB in activated sludge and enhance their capacity for As(III) oxidation. IMPORTANCE AOB play an important role in the removal of toxic arsenic from wastewater. Most of the AOB have been isolated from natural environments. However, knowledge regarding the structure and functional roles of As(III)-oxidizing communities in wastewater treatment facilities is not well documented. The combination of DNA-SIP and metagenomic binning provides an opportunity to elucidate the diversity of in situ AOB community inhabiting the activated sludges. In this study, the putative AOB responsible for As(III) oxidation in wastewater treatment facilities were identified, and their metabolic potentials, including As(III) oxidation, denitrification, carbon fixation, secondary metabolite biosynthesis, and extracellular polymeric substance metabolism, were investigated. This observation provides an understanding of anoxic and/or oxic AOB during the As(III) oxidation process in wastewater treatment facilities, which may contribute to the removal of As from contaminated water.

9.
J Phys Chem B ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761933

RESUMO

It is usually believed that the binding affinity and selectivity of an alkali metal ion with crown ether are defined by the size matching model. However, the underlying mechanism of the specific host-guest interactions and the structural dynamics of the metal ions confined in the cavity of the crown ethers in the solutions are still not clear. In this report, a series of alkali thiocyanate salts (XSCN; X = Li, Na, K, and Cs) complexed with 18-crown-6 (a typical crown ether) in the chloroform solutions were studied by the polarization-selective infrared pump-probe spectroscopy and the ultrafast two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopy. The SCN- counteranions were employed as the local vibrational probe to reveal the specific host-guest interactions in the crown ether complexes. The rotational dynamics and spectral diffusion of SCN- vibration were both measured by ultrafast IR spectroscopy, and it was found that the metal cations hosted by the crown ethers can have a pronounced effect on the rotational dynamics of the counteranions. The reorientational time constants of the SCN- vibration in the complexation follow the order Li+ > Na+ > K+ ≃ Cs+. More importantly, the spectral diffusion dynamics of SCN-, which quantifies the decay of the correlation of the frequency fluctuations in the complexation, was also affected by the metal ions but showed a different order of cationic effect. A detailed analysis of the 2D IR data showed that the spectral diffusion of SCN- counteranion clearly decayed with two different time scales in the complex of 18-crown-6 with K+. The 3-4-fold slowdown in spectral diffusion indicated that the fluctuation of SCN- vibrational transition frequency was strongly affected by the K+ cation due to the geometric constraint imposed by the crown ether. The results should help the researchers to unravel the specific host-guest interactions and further reveal the origination of the binding selectivity of crown ether for metal cations in the condensed phases from the perspective of structural dynamics.

10.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 21(1): 203, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between vitamin D status and islet function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The participants were recruited from Hebei General Hospital. Basic characteristics and blood indicators were collected after fasting overnight. The data were analyzed statistically using SPSS 22.0. Analysis of variance, a nonparametric test, or a trend Chi-square test was used for the comparisons. The association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D and modified homeostasis model assessment-ß was assessed using multivariate ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-four patients aged 26 to 79 years with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in this study. Patients with vitamin D deficiency had a lower modified homeostasis model assessment-ß level compared with those without vitamin D deficiency. There were differences in body mass index, diabetes course, glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood glucose, fasting blood C-peptide, triglyceride, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D among different modified homeostasis model assessment-ß groups based upon the tertiles. 25-hydroxy vitamin D, as continuous or categorical variables, was positively related to modified homeostasis model assessment-ß whether or not cofounding factors were adjusted. CONCLUSION: There is an association between increased 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels and improvement in modified homeostasis model assessment-ß function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Cross-sectional trails ChiCTR2000029391 , Registration Date: 29/01/2020.

11.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(2): nwaa150, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691570

RESUMO

The dendrite growth of Li anodes severely degrades the performance of lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries. Recently, hybrid solid electrolyte (HSE) has been regarded as one of the most promising routes to tackle this problem. However, before this is realized, the HSE needs to simultaneously satisfy contradictory requirements of high modulus and even, flexible contact with Li anode, while ensuring uniform Li+ distribution. To tackle this complex dilemma, here, an HSE with rigid Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 (LAGP) core@ultrathin flexible poly (vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene) (PVDF-HFP) shell interface has been developed. The introduced large amount of nanometer-sized LAGP cores can not only act as structural enhancer to achieve high Young's modulus but can also construct Li+ diffusion network to homogenize Li+ distribution. The ultrathin flexible PVDF-HFP shell provides soft and stable contact between the rigid core and Li metal without affecting the Li+ distribution, meanwhile suppressing the reduction of LAGP induced by direct contact with Li metal. Thanks to these advantages, this ingenious HSE with ultra-high Young's modulus of 25 GPa endows dendrite-free Li deposition even at a deposition capacity of 23.6 mAh. Moreover, with the successful inhibition of Li dendrites, the HSE-based quasi-solid-state Li-O2 battery delivers a long cycling stability of 146 cycles, which is more than three times that of gel polymer electrolyte-based Li-O2 battery. This new insight may serve as a starting point for further designing of HSE in Li-O2 batteries, and can also be extended to various battery systems such as sodium-oxygen batteries.

12.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 15(7): 619-626, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695293

RESUMO

Although multidrug combinations are an effective therapeutic strategy for serious disease in clinical practice, their therapeutic effect may be reduced because they conflict with each other medicinally in certain cases. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop a single drug carrier for precise multidrug delivery to avoid this interference. A reverse coordination method is reported that fabricates a double-layer barium sulphate microcapsule (DL@BS MS) for two drugs separately loading simultaneously. In addition, BS nanoclusters were synthesised in situ inside the DL@BS MSs for real-time computed tomography (CT) imaging. The results showed that the DL@BS MSs with a particle size of approximately 2 mm exhibited a uniform sphere. Because BS nanoclusters have a high X-ray attenuation coefficient, the retention of DL@BS MSs in the digestive tract could be monitored through CT imaging in real time. More important, the core-shell structure of DL@BS MSs encapsulating two different drugs could be released in spatiotemporal order in an acidic stomach environment. The as-synthesis DL@BS MSs with a core-shell structure and real-time imaging performance provide an ideal carrier for the oral administration of multiple drugs simultaneously loaded but sequentially released.

13.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668164

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The magnetic compression technique (MCT) is a new surgical method that has been used for gastrointestinal anastomosis, choledochojejunostomy, and intestinal anastomosis, but there are no reports on its use for esophagogastric anastomosis. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using MCT to fashion esophagogastric anastomoses in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty rabbits were randomized into an MCT group (study group, n = 10) and a hand-sewn group (control group, n = 10). The magnetic compression anastomosis device used in this study was made of neodymium iron boron (NdFeB) and possessed parent (PMR) and daughter (DMR) magnetic rings. To fashion the anastomosis, the PMR and DMR were inserted into the lower esophagus and gastric fundus, respectively. The coupled magnets automatically compressed the sandwiched tissues and were expelled once the anastomosis was installed. The two groups were further compared in terms of the anastomosis construction time, survival rate, and postoperative complications. One month after the anastomosis was installed, the burst pressure and gross appearance of the anastomoses were evaluated. RESULTS: The anastomosis construction time in the study group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (10.50 ± 1.58 min vs. 18.60 ± 2.22 min; P < 0.05), and the magnetic rings were defecated out in 10.70 ± 3.49 days. The incidence of anastomotic blockage in both the study and control groups did not differ significantly (0%, 0/10 vs. 20%, 2/10; P > 0.05). Anastomotic leakage was not found in either of the groups, and the anastomoses burst pressures were similar in the two groups. However, the magnetically compressed anastomoses in the study group had a relatively smoother gross appearance than the hand-sewn anastomoses. CONCLUSION: The magnetic compression anastomosis device is a safe and feasible tool for fashioning esophagogastric anastomoses in this animal model.

14.
Chin Med ; 16(1): 96, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis is a progressive and systemic autoimmune disease seriously compromises human health. Fibroblast like synoviocytes are the major effectors of proliferation and inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissue. Shikonin has anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. But, its role on synovitis of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. METHODS: The DBA/1 male mice were randomly divided into the following three groups (n = 6): (1) the normal control group of mice, (2) the CIA (collagen-induced arthritis) group in which mice suffered from arthritis induced by collagen, (3) the SKN (shikonin) group of mice which got arthritis and given intragastrically with shikonin 4 mg/kg per day continuously for 20 days,(4) the MTX (methotrexate) group of mice which got arthritis and orally administration with shikonin 0.5  mg/kg once two days continuously for 20 days. The therapeutic effect of shikonin on collagen induced arthritis mice was tested by arthritis incidence rate, arthritis score and inflammatory joint histopathology. The invasion, adhesion and migration of fibroblast like synoviocytes induced by tumor necrosis factor-α were applied to measure the anti-synovitis role of shikonin. The effect of shikonin on expression of interleukin-6, interleukin-1ß and tumor necrosis factor-α was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The interaction between shikonin and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 was verified by molecular docking. The signaling pathways activated by shikonin were measured by western blot. RESULTS: Shikonin decreased the arthritis score and arthritis incidence, and inhibited inflammation of inflamed joints in collagen induced arthritis mice. And shikonin reduced the number of vimentin+cells in collagen induced arthritis mice inflamed joints. Meanwhile, shikonin suppressed tumor necrosis factor-α-induced invasion, adhesion and migration of fibroblast like synoviocytes and reduced the expression of interleukin-6, interleukin-1ß and tumor necrosis factor-α. And we found that shikonin targeted suppressor of cytokine signaling 1. More interestingly, shikonin blocked the phosphorylation of Janus kinase 1/signal transducer andactivator of transcription 1/signal transducer andactivator of transcription 6 in synovial tissues and in fibroblast like synoviocytes. CONCLUSION: Shikonin represents a promising new anti-rheumatoid arthritis drug candidate that has anti-synovitis effect in collagen induced arthritis mice and inhibits tumor necrosis factor-α-induced fibroblast like synoviocytes by targeting suppressor of cytokine signaling 1/ Janus kinase/signal transducer andactivator of transcription signaling pathway. These findings demonstrate that shikonin has anti-synovitis effect and has great potential to be a new drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

15.
Opt Express ; 29(18): 29518-29526, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615060

RESUMO

In this study, a broadband flat-top second-order orbital angular momentum mode (OAM) converter is proposed and demonstrated using a phase-modulated second-order helical long-period fiber grating (HLPG). The proposed HLPG is designed to be inscribed in a thinned four-mode fiber and operated at wavelengths near the dispersion turning point (DTP). In contrast to most of the HLPG-based OAM mode generators reported to date, where the high-order OAM mode and flat-top broadband have rarely been achieved simultaneously, a second-order OAM(OAM-2) mode converter with a flat-top bandwidth of 113 nm @ -20 dB (ranging from 1530-1643 nm) and a depth fluctuation of less than 3 dB @-26 dB has been successfully demonstrated in this study, such flat-top bandwidth covers the entire C + L bands and represents the best result of the HLPGs reported to date. Tolerance analyses for the fabrication of the designed HLPG were also performed. It is believed that the proposed HLPG may find applications in all-fiber vortex lasers as well as the OAM mode division multiplex (MDM) system.

16.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(44): 9204-9212, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698747

RESUMO

Studying the influence of nanomaterials on the microstructure and mechanical properties of cells is essential to guide the biological applications of nanomaterials. In this article, the effects of the first synthesized PDA@CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with multiple ROS scavenging activities on cell ultra-morphology and mechanical properties were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). After the cells were exposed to PDA@CeO2 NPs, there was no obvious change in cell morphology, but the Young's modulus of the cells was increased. On the contrary, after the cells were damaged by H2O2, the secreted molecules appeared on the cell surface, and the Young's modulus was decreased significantly. However, PDA@CeO2 NPs could effectively inhibit the reduction of the Young's modulus caused by oxidative stress damage. PDA@CeO2 NPs could also protect F-actin from oxidative stress damage and maintain the stability of the cytoskeleton. This work investigates the intracellular antioxidant mechanism of nanomaterials from the changes in the microstructure and biomechanics of living cells, providing a new analytical approach to explore the biological effects of nanomaterials.

17.
Int J Radiat Biol ; 97(12): 1731-1740, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ionizing radiation, especially heavy ion (HI) beams, has been widely used in biology and medicine. However, the mechanism of membrane damage by such radiation remains primarily uncharacterized. PURPOSE: Transcriptomic profiles of Escherichia coli (E. coli) treated with HI illustrated the response mechanisms of the membrane, mainly ABC transporters, related genes regulated by antibiotics treatment through enrichment analyses of GO and KEGG. The networks of protein-protein interactions indicated that LsrB was the crucial one among the ABC transporters specially regulated by HI through the calculation of plugins MCODE and cytoHubba of Cytoscape. Finally, the expression pattern, GO/KEGG enrichment terms, and the interaction between nine LuxS/AI-2 quorum sensing system members were investigated. CONCLUSIONS: Above all, results suggested that HI might perform membrane damage through regulated material transport, inhibited LuxS/AI-2 system, finally impeded biofilm formation. This work provides further evidence for the role of ABC transporters, especially LsrB, in membrane damage of E. coli to HI. It will provide new strategies for improving the precise application of HI.

18.
Microb Pathog ; : 105208, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our investigation attempted to understand the role of innate immunity related genes played in tuberculosis. The relationship between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of three innate immunity-related genes (TLR6, MyD88, and TIRAP) and tuberculosis (TB) risk in two Chinese populations were explored. METHODS: Totally 1185 Chinese Han, consisting of 580 active TB cases and 605 healthy controls (HCs), and 1216 Chinese Tibetan individuals including 613 TB patients and 603 HCs were enrolled to conduct two case-control studies. TagSNPs of the three genes were selected based on the HapMap database and genotyped by the SNPscan™ Kit. Haploview software 4.2 was applied to perform linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis and online software SHEsis was used to discover significant haplotype block. RegulomeDB and HaploReg were applied to predict potential functional SNPs of the three genes. RESULTS: The results showed that minor alleles of rs5743808 and rs5743827 of TLR6 were related with increased TB risk (p = 0.001, OR 95%CI = 1.51 (1.18-1.95) and p = 0.002, OR 95%CI = 1.42 (1.14-1.77)), and significant association was also observed between rs5743827 and TB risk in male subgroup (p = 0.003, OR 95%CI = 1.67 (1.91-2.35)) in the Tibetan population. For the Tibetan population, frequency of haplotype ACGT of rs1039559-rs3775073-rs5743808-rs5743827 of TLR6 was significantly higher in the TB group (p = 0.0008), while haplotype ATAC was significantly higher in the control group (p = 0.0002). The above associations remained after permutation and Bonferroni correction. No significant association was found in the Han population. Probable functions of tagSNPs of TLR6 and some other linked variants were discovered after bioinformatic analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that variants of TLR6 might be associated with TB risk in the Tibetan population, while not in the Han population. The difference between Chinese Han and Tibetan people will provide better understanding of tuberculosis.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 733993, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566654

RESUMO

Quercetin has numerous functions including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The beneficial effect of quercetin against microcystin-LR (MC-LR)-induced testicular tight junctions (TJs) defects in vitro and in vivo were investigated. Significant reductions in transepithelial electrical resistance, occludin, and zonula occludens-1(ZO-1) levels were detected in the MC-LR-treated TM4 cells, and quercetin attenuated these effects. Interestingly, quercetin suppressed MC-LR-induced phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT). It effectively inhibited the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells stimulated by MC-LR. In addition, ROS inhibitors blocked the TJ damage that is dependent on the AKT signaling pathway induced by MC-LR. In conclusion, our results suggest that alleviates MC-LR-impaired TJs by suppressing the ROS-regulated activation of the AKT pathway.

20.
Anal Biochem ; 631: 114369, 2021 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516968

RESUMO

In the work, a rapid and accurate biosensor for mercury ions (Hg2+) was constructed, with which aggregation of dual-modified (DGPFHR- and CALNN-) gold nanoparticles (D/C-AuNPs) could be triggered by the high specificity of peptides to Hg2+. The given peptide DGPFHR possesses great capability of capturing Hg2+, accompanied by the conformational folding. Under the circumstances, D/C-AuNPs were employed as the detection probes to accomplish the quantitative analysis of Hg2+. This is primarily because the specific Hg2+-induced folding of peptides reduces the electrostatic repulsion and steric hindrance, thus accelerating the AuNPs aggregation. The principle and application potential of this proposal was proved by evidence. And the results demonstrated that Hg2+ ions could be selectively detected as low as 28 nM with a linear range of 100-800 nM. In consideration of superior simplicity, selectivity, accuracy and stability, the protocol was advantageous over other projects in practical measurement of various water samples.

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