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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940435

RESUMO

It is quite challenging to realize fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between two chromophores with specific positions and directions. Herein, through the self-assembly of two carefully selected fluorescent ligands via metal-coordination interactions, we prepared two tetragonal prismatic platinum(II) cages with reverse FRET process between their faces and pillars. Bearing different responses to external stimuli, these two emissive ligands are able to tune the FRET process, and thus making the cages sensitive to solvents, pressure and temperature. First, these cages could distinguish structurally similar alcohols such as n-butanol, t-butanol and i-butanol. Furthermore, they showed decreased emission with bathochromic shifts upon high pressure. Finally, they exhibited remarkable ratiometric response to the temperature in a wide range (223~353 K) with high sensitivity. For example, by plotting the ratio of the maximum emission (I600/I480) of metallacage 4b against the temperature, the slope reaches 0.072, which is among the highest values for ratiometric fluorescent thermometers reported so far. This work not only offers a strategy to manipulate the FRET efficiency in emissive supramolecular coordination complexes, but also paves the way for the future design and preparation of smart emissive materials with external stimuli responsiveness.

2.
Infect Dis (Lond) ; 52(1): 23-32, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583932

RESUMO

Background: Pneumonia is a common respiratory disease worldwide that can be prevented and treated. However, it is considered to be the leading cause of children death. The present study was aimed to explore the functional role and molecular mechanism of miR-146b in the inflammation injury in pediatric pneumonia.Materials and methods: The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary injury cell model was established in WI-38 human lung fibroblasts cells. QRT-PCR and Western blot was applied to detect miR-146b and MyD88 expression. ELISA assay was used to analyze the production of pro-inflammatory factors. Cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. The apoptosis proteins and the downstream genes of NF-κB pathway were detected by Western blot.Results: we displayed that miR-146b was down-regulated, whereas MyD88 was up-regulated in the serum of children patients with pneumonia and in WI-38 cells treated with LPS. Moreover, re-expression of miR-146b suppressed the production of inflammatory factors in the serum of pneumonia patients and WI-38 cells treated with LPS. In addition, elevating miR-146b expression increased WI-38 cell viability and reduced cell apoptosis. More importantly, bioinformatics analysis revealed that MyD88 was a target of miR-146b and could overturn the protective effect of miR-146b on the inflammation injury in LPS-injured WI-38 cells. Furthermore, miR-146b over-expression inhibited the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway by suppressing MyD88.Conclusion: miR-146b attenuated the inflammation injury in pediatric pneumonia through inhibiting MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway. These preliminarily findings further deepened our understanding of this mechanism and identified new potential therapeutic targets for pediatric pneumonia.

3.
J Autoimmun ; : 102372, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810856

RESUMO

The genetic association of primary biliary cholangitis with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has been widely confirmed among different ethnicities. To map specific MHC region variants associated with PBC in a Han Chinese cohort, we imputed HLA antigens and amino acids (AA) in 1126 PBC cases and 1770 healthy control subjects using a Han-MHC reference database. We demonstrate that HLA-DRB1 and/or HLA-DQB1 contributed the strongest signals, and that HLA-DPB1 was a separate independent locus. Regression analyses with classical HLA alleles indicate that HLA-DQB1*03:01 or HLA-DQß1-Pro55, HLA-DPB1*17:01 or HLA-DPß1-Asp84 and HLA-DRB1*08:03 could largely explain MHC association with PBC. Forward stepwise regression analyses with HLA amino acid variants localize the major signals to HLA-DRß1-Ala74, HLA-DQß1-Pro55 and HLA-DPß1-Asp84. Electrostatic potential calculations implicated AA variations at HLA-DQß1 position 55 and HLA-DPß1 position 84 as critical to peptide binding properties. Furthermore, although several critical Han Chinese AA variants differed from those shown in European populations, the predicted effects on antigen binding are likely to be very similar or identical and underlie the major component of MHC association with PBC.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815010

RESUMO

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is known as a first-line chemotherapeutic agent against colorectal cancer (CRC), but drug resistance occurs frequently and significantly limits its clinical success. Our previous study showed that the protocadherin 17 (PCDH17) gene was frequently methylated and functioned as a tumor suppressor in CRC. However, the relationship between PCDH17 and 5-FU resistance in CRC remains unclear. Here, we revealed that PCDH17 was more highly expressed in 5-FU-sensitive CRC tissues than in 5-FU-resistant CRC tissues, and high expression of PCDH17 was correlated with high BECN1 expression. Moreover, this expression profile contributed to superior prognosis and increased survival in CRC patients. Restoring PCDH17 expression augmented the 5-FU sensitivity of CRC in vitro and in vivo by promoting apoptosis and autophagic cell death. Furthermore, autophagy played a dominant role in PCDH17-induced cell death, as an autophagy inhibitor blocked cell death to a greater extent than the pancaspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. PCDH17 inhibition by siRNA decreased the autophagy response and 5-FU sensitivity. Mechanistically, we showed that c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) activation was a key determinant in PCDH17-induced autophagy. The compound SP600125, an inhibitor of JNK, suppressed autophagy and 5-FU-induced cell death in PCDH17-reexpressing CRC cells. Taken together, our findings suggest for the first time that PCDH17 increases the sensitivity of CRC to 5-FU treatment by inducing apoptosis and JNK-dependent autophagic cell death. PCDH17 may be a potential prognostic marker for predicting 5-FU sensitivity in CRC patients.

6.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 12: 2289-2302, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807042

RESUMO

Purpose: Myocardia in diabetic patients exhibit increased vulnerability after ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). It has been demonstrated that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has a protective effect on cardiomyocytes. Protein kinase C (PKC) acts as a key regulator of many signaling pathways including oxidative stress and apoptosis. Our hypothesis is that increased vulnerability of myocardia in diabetic patients is partly due to GLP-1 resistance. The aim of this study was to explore the role of PKC in GLP-1 resistance in diabetic cardiomyocytes. Methods: Cardiac function of diabetic or non-diabetic mice after myocardial IRI was detected with or without administration of GLP-1 analog exendin-4. Impacts of diabetes mellitus on GLP-1R expression in myocardia after IRI were accessed by Western blot. By transfecting PKC isoforms siRNA, in vitro study helped to identify the exact PKC isoforms which contributed to the downregulatio n of GLP-1R or impaired post-receptor signaling pathways in rodent cardiomyocytes (H9C2 cells) cultured by high glucose. Results: The cardioprotective effects of endogenous GLP-1 were impaired in diabetic mice after myocardial IRI and administration of exendin-4 had no significant effects in restoring cardiac function. GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) expression decreased in H9C2 cells cultured by high glucose and knockdown of PKCß partly restored GLP-1R expression. Overexpression of PKCδ induced by high glucose in H9C2 cells impaired GLP-1 post-receptor anti-apoptotic signaling pathways by inhibition of Akt phosphorylation. Knockdown of both PKCß and PKCδ significantly restored cardioprotective effects of GLP-1 in H9C2 cells cultured by high glucose. Conclusion: Our study found out a new mechanism of GLP-1 resistance that high glucose-induced overexpression of PKCß and PKCδ impaired cardioprotective effects of GLP-1 by downregulation of GLP-1R and inhibition of GLP-1 post-receptor anti-apoptotic signaling pathways, thus provided a new perspective in treating myocardial IRI in diabetic patients.

7.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 202: 111666, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837585

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of Polyp-Au-GO nanocomposite on VSMC proliferation, cell cycle proteins, down-regulation of mRNA in the rat was tested. Briefly, Polyp-Au-GO composite material was synthesized and characterized by UV-Vis spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Polyp-Au-GO composite exhibited the absorbance peak at 530 nm. XRD analysis confirmed the crystalline particle with size ranging between 16.5 and 32.6 nm. The crystallinity differences of the nanocomposite were examined by Raman spectroscopy analysis. The presence of a strong band (1500 cm-1) and the absence of other lower frequency bands confirmed that the absence of crystallinity of Polyp-Au-GO nanocomposite. The thermal properties of Polyp-Au-GO nanocomposite were determined by TGA analysis. The results revealed that 15% of its weight loss has occurred at 300 °C. Further, the growth of VSMCs was inhibited by the treatment of Polyp-Au-GO composite at 72 h. The IC50 value was registered at 0.57 µg/mL. Additionally, the Polyp-Au-GO composite arrest G1 cell cycle and down-regulated cell cycle proteins. These Polyp-Au-GO composite also reduced the extracellular ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Furthermore, Polyp-Au-GO composite inhibited TNF-R-evoked inflammatory responses. Moreover, Polyp-Au-GO composite inhibited of CEC proliferation. These results suggest that Polyp-Au-GO composite inhibits VSMC proliferation and TNF-R-mediated inflammatory responses. This study suggested the therapeutic role of Polyp-Au-GO composite in cardiovascular disease.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823210

RESUMO

Previous research has revealed that interpersonal relationships and social comparisons play important roles in evaluating outcomes. To our knowledge, how interpersonal relationships influence the process of outcome evaluations in a social comparison context remains largely unclear. In the current study, participants engaged in a simple gambling task with an acquaintance or a stranger and received outcome feedback. Behavioral results showed that participants' satisfaction level was sensitive to the outcome of their fellow players when participants won. In this condition, the satisfaction level was greater when their fellow players won rather than lost. Moreover, the satisfaction level was greater when their friends won compared with when a stranger won. Event-related potential (ERP) results showed that when participants won, the feedback-related negativity (FRN) was more negative going for other's losses than for other's gains. Moreover, the FRN was also more negative going for a stranger's gains than a friend's gains. In contrast, in the self-loss condition, the FRN was more negative going for other's gains than for other's losses regardless of the type of interpersonal relationship. These FRN findings indicate that the experience of other's outcomes is sensitive to participants' own outcomes. Importantly, the interpersonal relationship only showed its influence when both the self and others received monetary gains. Finally, the P300 registered participants' attention resource allocation toward monetary gains for themselves and for others, which was unaffected by the interpersonal relationship. This work reveals that outcome evaluation in various social comparison contexts is sensitive to the difference in interpersonal relationship in its early stage, labeled by the FRN.

9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 72-82, 2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846772

RESUMO

The aquaculture system based on biofloc technology (BFT) showed positive effects on prevention of Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2) infection in gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio), which is detrimental to health and causes seriously economic losses to aquaculture. However, the enhancement mechanism of BFT regarding immunity and disease resistance of cultured species is scarce. Poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) has been proved as one of bioactive compounds in bioflocs. In this study, two groups (4% PHB supplementation diets and control with basal diets) with 30-day feeding were set to study the effect of PHB supplementation on immune-related gene expression by qRT-PCR, time-course CyHV-2 replication in vivo by qPCR and intestinal microbiota by illumine high-throughput sequencing. PHB supplementation significantly up-regulated transcriptional levels of eight immune-related genes, decreased cumulative mortality of gibel carp and early CyHV-2 replication in spleen in vivo (P < 0.05). Additionally, PHB changed the microbial structure but not diversity, and significantly increased beneficial bacteria such as Bacillus sp. KEGG pathway analysis by PICRUSt demonstrated that oral administration of PHB up-regulated abundances of genes responsible for seven pathways and down-regulated genes in eleven pathways. Histological structures of foregut, mindgut and hindgut were also affected. Our findings suggested that profitable effects of PHB on immunity and disease resistance might be gut microbiota-related, and regulated through pathways of enzymes secretion, replication and repair, and host immune system. This study will provide new insights into understanding the enhancing mechanism of BFT on immunity and disease resistance of cultured animals, and developing prebiotics/probiotics-based immunotherapies to improve animal health and disease resistance.

10.
iScience ; 23(1): 100766, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887658

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor initiation, chemoresistance, metastasis, and relapse, but the underlying molecular origin of CSCs remains elusive. Here we identified that metastatic phosphatase of regenerating liver 3 (PRL-3) transcriptionally upregulates SOX2 in the expansion of CSC sub-population from normal cancer cells. Mechanistically, SOX2 upregulation is attributed to the binding of the acetylated myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) to SOX2 promoter in tumor cells. In parallel, PRL-3 competitively binds to Class IIa histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) to facilitate HDAC4 translocation, leading to the disassociation of HDAC4 from MEF2A and histones. The released MEF2A and histones thus remain acetylated and render the subsequent accessibility of the acetylated MEF2A to SOX2 promoter region. Clinical relevance among PRL-3, SOX2, and HDAC4 is validated in ovary cancer samples. Therefore, this PRL-3-HDAC4-MEF2A/histones-SOX2 signaling axis would be a potential therapeutic target in inhibiting ovarian cancer metastasis and relapse.

11.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18197, 2019 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886514

RESUMO

ING3 (inhibitor of growth gene 3) is a member of the ING gene family, and is considered as a candidate tumor suppressor gene. In order to explore the roles of ING3 in tumorigenesis and cancer progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), ING3 expression was assessed in 173 cases of HNSCC by immunohistochemistry. The expression of ING3 was also compared to clinicopathological variables, and the expression of several tumorigenic markers. Nuclear expression of ING3 in HNSCC was significantly lower than that in dysplasia and normal epithelium, and was negatively correlated with a poor-differentiated status, T staging and TNM staging. In contrast, cytoplasmic expression of ING3 was significantly increased in HNSCC, and was statistically associated with lymph node metastasis and 14-3-3η expression. In addition, nuclear expression of ING3 was positively correlated with the expression of p300, p21 and acetylated p53. In conclusion, decreases in nuclear ING3 may play important roles in tumorigenesis, progression and tumor differentiation in HNSCC. Increases in cytoplasmic ING3 may be due to 14-3-3η binding and may also be involved in malignant progression. Nuclear ING3 may modulate the transactivation of target genes, promoting apoptosis through interactions with p300 and p21. Moreover, ING3 may interact with p300 to upregulate the level of acetylation of p53, and promote p53-mediated cell cycle arrest, senescence and/or apoptosis. Therefore, ING3 may be a potential tumor suppressor and a possible therapeutic target in HNSCC.

12.
J Food Sci ; 84(12): 3411-3417, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750940

RESUMO

Aroma assessment remains difficult and uncertain in the present sensory assessment system. It is highly desirable to develop a new assessment method to discriminate the quality of various teas in the tea market. In the present work, based on linear discriminant analysis and principal component analysis, the aroma of dry and wet samples of different Xi-hu Longjing and Pu-erh teas were tested and differentiated by electronic noses (e-nose). The results confirm that e-nose can discriminate different priced Xi-hu Longjing tea samples in the range of 80-800 RMB/500 g and varying storage years of Pu-erh tea samples. Furthermore, for the detection of both dry and wet samples of Longjing and Pu-erh teas, the results reveal that all samples have specific aroma characteristics that e-nose can recognize. More importantly, contribution analysis in sensors indicates that nitrogen oxides, methane and alcohols are the characteristic components that contribute to the fragrances of different priced Xi-hu Longjing teas, while nitrogen oxides, aromatic benzene and amines make the fragrances of Pu-erh teas with different storage years disparate. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This work demonstrates that e-nose can rapidly distinguish tea products with different price levels and varying storage years. With the advantages of ease of use, high portability and flexibility, e-nose will be widely expanded and applied in refined processing and the development of flavored foods.

13.
J Cancer ; 10(25): 6207-6216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772653

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine whether p53, PCDH17, Beclin-1 expression is associated with clinicopathological characteristics of bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: 75 patients with non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive bladder cancer were included. Immunohistochemical staining for p53, PCDH17 and Beclin-1 were carried out on the same paraffin-embedded blocks serial sections of these patients who underwent surgery between 2010 and 2015. In addition, p53 gene mutations in these tumors were screened by DNA sequencing. Results: Forty-nine (66.7%) of 75 tumors had p53 gene mutations detected by DNA sequencing method. Of these tumors, 43 (86.0%) exhibited p53 high expression. Furthermore, p53 mutation and low expression of PCDH17 were significantly associated with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Beclin-1 was also strongly associated with T stage. The p53 mutation, the expression of p53 and PCDH17 were significantly associated with survival from bladder cancer. In addition, patients with p53 high-expression or p53 mutation, PCDH17 low-expression and Beclin-1 low-expression significantly had a poor prognosis. Conclusions: Use of a DNA sequencing method to detect p53 gene mutations was consistent with an immunohistochemical method to detect p53 alterations. In conjunction with levels of p53/PCDH17/Beclin-1, p53 and PCDH17 were independently associated with prognosis; Beclin-1 only had a tendency towards overall survival. p53/PCDH17/Beclin-1 phenotype seems to play a more important role than p53 expression in bladder cancer outcome. It is also identified that p53/PCDH17, p53/Beclin-1 or PCDH17/Beclin-1 all have a cooperative and synergistic effect, which may provide us the potential biomarker for bladder cancer patients.

14.
J Eval Clin Pract ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A clinical decision support system (CDSS) is a computerized system using case-based reasoning to assist clinicians in assessing disease status, in selecting appropriate therapy or in making other clinical decisions. Previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs or trials) have shown that CDSSs have the potential to improve the insulin use, but the evidence was conflicting and uncertain. The purpose of our study was to determine whether a CDSS improves the use of insulin. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched from their inception to October 2018. The quality assessment was based on the risk of bias criteria of the Cochrane Handbook. RESULTS: Twenty-four RCTs, involving 7653 participants, were included. Thirteen of those trials (54.2%) used a computerized algorithm or a computer-assisted insulin protocol for insulin dose and therapy adjustment, of which 30.8% (four of 13) found significant changes. Of 10 trials that measured mean blood glucose levels and the 11 trials reported HbA1c, the computerized insulin dose adjustment resulted in lower mean blood glucose levels in 70.0% (seven of 10) and 36.4% (four of 11) of RCTs, respectively. Additionally, a significant reduction of hyperglycaemia events was reported in three of six RCTs. The evidence in a majority of the 24 RCTs was of moderate quality. CONCLUSIONS: CDSSs have the potential to improve the insulin use and blood glucose control in a clinical setting. The methodologies in these studies were of mixed quality. Better designed and longer-term studies are required to ensure a larger and more reliable evidence base on the effects of CDSS intervention on insulin use.

15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17402, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758070

RESUMO

Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a multifunctional signaling protein governing pattern formation, proliferation and cell survival during embryogenesis. In the adult brain, Shh has neurotrophic function and is implicated in hippocampal neurogenesis but the cellular source of Shh in the hippocampus remains ill defined. Here, we utilize a gene expression tracer allele of Shh (Shh-nlacZ) which allowed the identification of a subpopulation of hilar neurons known as mossy cells (MCs) as a prominent and dynamic source of Shh within the dentate gyrus. AAV-Cre mediated ablation of Shh in the adult dentate gyrus led to a marked degeneration of MCs. Conversely, chemical stimulation of hippocampal neurons using the epileptogenic agent kainic acid (KA) increased the number of Shh+ MCs indicating that the expression of Shh by MCs confers a survival advantage during the response to excitotoxic insults. In addition, ablation of Shh in the adult dentate gyrus led to increased neural precursor cell proliferation and their migration into the subgranular cell layer demonstrating that MCs-generated Shh is a key modulator of hippocampal neurogenesis.

16.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaax6916, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692967

RESUMO

Intake of addictive substances acutely modifies dopaminergic transmission in the striatum and prefrontal cortex, which is the neural substrate underlying time processing. However, the persistent effects of methamphetamine (meth) abuse (e.g., during abstinence) on temporal processing have not been fully elucidated. Here, we recruited different samples in two experiments. We first compared the potential differences in motor timing between healthy controls and meth dependents with varied length of abstinence and then examined the ability of perceptual timing between the healthy subjects and the meth group at short abstinence. We found that motor timing, but not perceptual timing, was altered in meth dependents, which persisted for at least 3 months of abstinence. Dose-dependent effects on time perception were only observed when short-term abstinent meth abusers processed long time intervals. We conclude that time perception alteration in meth dependents is task specific and dose dependent.

17.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 314-327, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669279

RESUMO

As a dietary supplement, poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) has been reported to positively influence growth, boost the immune system and enhance disease resistance in fish and shellfish. However, the protective mechanism is little known. Thus, the present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of PHB supplementation on immune-related enzyme activity and transcriptome-based gene expression in soiny mullet (Liza haematocheila). Results showed that dietary PHB supplementation could increase antioxidant enzyme activity, including total antioxidant capacity, catalase and superoxide dismutase. A total of 7,082,094,175 and 7,650,341,357 raw reads with mean length of 757 bp were obtained from control and PHB (dietary PHB supplementation at 2%) groups, respectively. There were 46,106 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between control and PHB groups, including 21,828 upregulated and 24,278 downregulated DEGs. All the DEGs were classified into three gene ontology categories, and 312 DEGs related with immune system process and 760 with the response to a stimulus. Additionally, all DEGs were allocated to 261 Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome pathways, and major immune-related pathways were detected, including MAPK/PI3K-Akt/TNF/NF-κB/TCR/TLR signaling pathways. Moreover, the regulation of several observed immune-related genes was confirmed by qRT-PCR. Altogether, this study suggests that antioxidant system is more effective for dietary PHB supplementation and lays the foundation for further study on the precise immunostimulatory mechanism of PHB. Hopefully, it provides insights into exploring biomarker for assessment of immunostimulants in fish culture.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17842, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is one of the most common diseases in modern society, the main characteristics of the patients were difficulty in falling asleep at night and/or failure to maintain effective sleep after falling asleep. It can lead to early awakening, short sleep, heavy sleeplessness, dreaming, poor sleep quality, and working hours after waking up, causes a series of negative emotions, such as fatigue, inefficiency, cognitive decline, social interaction, tension, and anxiety, which affect social harmony and stability. So Insomnia has gained more and more attention. At present, acupuncture has been proved effective in the treatment of insomnia by many studies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of insomnia, and to provide the latest evidence for clinical application. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We collected the qualified literature on acupuncture treatment of insomnia by electronic retrieval of Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biomedical Disc (CBMDISC), PubMed, China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and Wanfang Database, and manual retrieval of papers and internal reports. We will select the eligible studies published up to September 30, 2019. We use Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) as the main outcome of insomnia and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hamilton Depression Scale(HAMD) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) as secondary indicators to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment of insomnia, we will use Revman v.5.3 software to calculate data synthesis, and if the results are appropriate, meta-analysis can also be carried out. RESULTS: This study will provide comprehensive evidence of high quality of acupuncture treatment for insomnia from ISI, PSQI, HAMD, SAS, and adverse reactions. CONCLUSION: The systematic review will provide a basis for evaluating the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of insomnia. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019131957.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , China , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Dose Response ; 17(4): 1559325819882544, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673250

RESUMO

Aims: Our study was designed to investigate the usefulness of 99mTc-3PRGD2 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for noninvasively monitoring the response of integrin αvß3 expression to antiangiogenic treatment with endostar and cisplatin in xenograft animals. Methods: 99mTc-3PRGD2 SPECT imaging was performed at days 0, 7, 14, and 21. Tumors were harvested at all imaging time points for Western blotting and histopathological analysis. Result: In 99mTc-3PRGD2 SPECT imaging, the radioactivity accumulation of NaCl group rised gradually in the first half and dispersed on day 21 due to the necrosis of the tumor. While the radioactivity accumulation of treated groups gradually decreased throughout the course. The downtrend of tumor to nontumor ratio in endostar-treated group was more remarkable than cisplatin-treated group. The expression of intergrin αvß3 of treated groups was lower than NaCl group from day 14. The expression of intergrin αvß3 of endostar-treated group was significantly lower than cisplatin-treated group from baseline onward. Conclusion: It's demonstrated that the 99mTc-3PRGD2 could noninvasively visualize and semiquantify tumor angiogenesis in the xenograft model and monitor the response to the antiangiogenic therapy of endostar and cisplatin effectively. It also can predict the outcome of endostar and cisplatin therapy in xenograft animals.

20.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 200: 102941, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677428

RESUMO

The ability to extract correct emotional information from facial and bodily expressions is fundamental for the development of social skills. Previous studies have shown that bodily expressions affect the recognition of basic facial expressions dramatically. However, few studies have considered the view that facial expressions may influence the recognition of bodily expressions. Further, previous studies have failed to consider a comprehensive set of emotional categories. The present study sought to examine whether facial expressions would impact the recognition of bodily expressions asynchronously, using four basic emotions. Participants performed an affective priming task, in which the priming stimuli included four facial expressions (happy, sad, fearful, and angry), and the target stimuli were bodily expressions matching the same emotions. The results indicated that the perception of affective facial expressions significantly influenced the accuracy and reaction time for body-based emotion categorization, particularly for bodily expression of happiness. The recognition accuracy of congruent expressions was higher, relative to that of incongruent expressions. The findings show that facial expressions influence the recognition of bodily expressions, despite the asynchrony.

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