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1.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064471

RESUMO

The development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents with high sensitivity and good biocompatibility is of great value for the diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, a novel MRI contrast agent based on calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles modified with a liver cancer cell targeting peptide A54 (A54-CaP) was fabricated. The T1-positive contrast agent Gd-DTPA was encapsulated inside the nanoparticles (A54-CaPNPs), with a mean diameter of 30 nm and a high encapsulation efficiency of 92.73%. The A54-CaPNP solution exhibited higher longitudinal relaxivity (6.07 mM-1 s-1) than that of the clinically used MRI contrast agent Gd-DTPA (3.56 mM-1 s-1). A much higher accumulation of the nanoparticles in the liver cells was observed, which was directed by the A54 targeting peptide. Furthermore, the MRI diagnostic efficiency of A54-CaPNPs was systematically investigated in an orthotopic liver cancer model and primary HCC model. In vivo MRI experiments showed that A54-CaPNPs had higher sensitivity in the BEL-7402 orthotopic liver cancer model with a more remarkable contrast enhancement and a longer imaging time compared to those without A54 modification. Moreover, the experiments on primary HCC models suggested that A54-CaPNPs showed greatly enhanced MR imaging performance in comparison with Gd-DTPA. These results suggest that A54-CaPNPs possess great potential to enable the non-invasive early diagnosis of primary HCC for timely surgical resection.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18841, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported the rs10757274 SNP (present on locus 9p21 in the gene for CDKN2BAS1) might be associated with susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD). Owing to mixed and inconclusive results, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between rs10757274 polymorphism and the risk of CAD. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between rs10757274 polymorphism and the risk of CAD. METHODS: All studies of the rs10757274 SNP with CAD that were published between 2007 and 2018 were retrieved from the PubMed database. Meta-analysis was performed with Stata 14.0 software. The effect size of the rs10757274 SNP with CAD risk was assessed based on the odds ratios (ORs) with calculation of 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Eleven studies including 52,209 subjects (cases: 7990, controls: 44,219) were included in the final data combination. Pooled overall analyses showed that rs10757274 (allele model: P < .001; dominant model: P < .001; recessive model: P < .001; Heterozygote codominant: P = .002; Homozygote codominant: P < .001) polymorphisms were significantly associated with the likelihood of CAD. Significant heterogeneity between individual studies appears in all 5 models. Further subgroup analyses revealed that rs10757274 polymorphisms were all significantly correlated with the likelihood of CAD and no heterogeneity were observed in West Asians. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that rs10757274 polymorphisms may serve as genetic biomarkers of CAD, especially in West Asians.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 439, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949205

RESUMO

Flavanomarein (FM) is a major natural compound of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt with protective effects against diabetic nephropathy (DN). In this study, we investigated the effects of FM on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in high glucose (HG)-stimulated human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) and the underlying mechanisms, including both direct targets and downstream signal-related proteins. The influence of FM on EMT marker proteins was evaluated via western blot. Potential target proteins of FM were searched using Discovery Studio 2017 R2. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis was conducted to enrich the proteins within the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network for biological processes. Specific binding of FM to target proteins was examined via molecular dynamics and surface plasmon resonance analyses (SPR). FM promoted the proliferation of HK-2 cells stimulated with HG and inhibited EMT through the Syk/TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway. Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) was predicted to be the most likely directly interacting protein with FM. Combined therapy with a Syk inhibitor and FM presents significant potential as an effective novel therapeutic strategy for DN.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 250: 112479, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846746

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Urolithin A (UroA), the main intestinal microflora metabolite of ellagic acid of berries, pomegranate,and some other traditional chinese herbals such as emblica officinalis,etc,has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-tumor and pro-autophagy effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study evaluated the anti-diabetic and pancreas-protective effects of UroA using a mice model of type 2 diabetes and preliminarily explored its effect on autophagy as well as the mechanism involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Type 2 diabetes model was induced by high-fat diet (HFD; 60% energy as fat) and low-dose streptozotocin (85 mg/kg) injection. Mice were administered with UroA (50 mg/kg/d) alone or UroA-chloroquine (autophagy inhibitor) combination for 8 weeks. RESULTS: UroA improved symptoms of diabetic mice such as high water intake volume, high urine volume, significantly decreased fasting blood glucose (FBG), after-glucose-loading glucose, glycated hemoglobin (GHb) levels, plasma C-peptide, malondialdehyde (MDA) and interleukin-1 ß level, increased reduced glutathione (GSH), interleukin-10 content, and glucose tolerance. UroA also improved pancreatic function indexes such as HOMA-ß as evidenced by improved pathological and ultrastructural features of the pancreas assessed by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Accordingly, UroA decreased mitochondrial swelling and myelin-like cytoplasmic inclusions. UroA significantly upregulated the protein levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II (LC3II) and beclin1, downregulated sequestosome 1 (p62) accompanied by decreased expression of apoptotic protein cleaved caspase3 in pancreas of diabetic mice. In addition, it increased the phosphorylation level of protein kinase B (p-Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR). Most of these effects of UroA were reversed by treatment with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal that the pancreas protective effects of UroA against diabetes were partially mediated by its regulation of autophagy and AKT/mTOR signal pathway.

5.
Opt Express ; 27(23): 34230-34246, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878475

RESUMO

A well-designed filter assembly is incorporated to an earlier mobile Rayleigh Doppler Lidar developed at University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) for wind measurement round the clock. The filter assembly consists of two cascaded Fabry-Perot Etalons (FPEs) and a narrow-band interference filter (IF), which are optimized to filter out strong solar background radiation during daytime. The high resolution FPE is mainly used to compress the whole bandwidth of the filter assembly, whereas the low resolution FPE with relatively large free spectral range (FSR) is primarily used to block the unwanted periodic transmission peaks of high resolution FPE arising within the narrow-band IF passband. Some test experiments are carried out and demonstrate that the filter assembly have an overall peak transmission of 33.32% with a bandwidth of 2.41 pm at 355 nm. When applying it to the USTC mobile Rayleigh Doppler Lidar, the daytime background is only 3% or less than before. Consequently, the detectable altitude during daytime increases to ∼51 km with wind velocity accuracy of ±7.6 m/s.

6.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(9): 1221-1230, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588187

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies in human subjects have mostly been confined to peripheral blood lymphocytes for Pneumocystis infection. We here aimed to compare circulating and pulmonary T-cell populations derived from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-uninfected immunocompromised patients with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in order to direct new therapies. Methods: Peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage samples were collected from patients with and without PCP. Populations of Th1/Tc1, Th2/Tc2, Th9/Tc9, and Th17/Tc17 CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were quantified using multiparameter flow cytometry. Results: No significant differences were found between PCP and non-PCP groups in circulating T cells. However, significantly higher proportions of pulmonary Th1 and Tc9 were observed in the PCP than in the non-PCP group. Interestingly, our data indicated that pulmonary Th1 was negatively correlated with disease severity, whereas pulmonary Tc9 displayed a positive correlation in PCP patients. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that pulmonary expansion of Th1 and Tc9 subsets may play protective and detrimental roles in PCP patients, respectively. Thus, these specific T-cell subsets in the lungs may serve as targeted immunotherapies for patients with PCP.

7.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 263, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) often affects multiple organs and tissues, especially the kidneys, and is characterized by interstitial nephritis, obstructive nephropathy, and in rare cases glomerulopathy (including membranous nephropathy). CASE PRESENTATION: In this article, we report a patient with nephrotic syndrome as the only initial manifestation. Membranous nephropathy was confirmed by renal biopsy, but without any renal interstitial lesions. The nephrotic syndrome completely resolved after treatment with immunosuppressants but recurred after drug withdrawal, which was accompanied by acute kidney injury. Ultimately, IgG4-related interstitial nephritis with membranous nephropathy was confirmed by a second renal biopsy. After routine administration of steroids and cyclophosphamide, renal function returned to normal after 2 months, and nephrotic syndrome was ameliorated after 5 months. CONCLUSION: Special attention should be paid to this rare condition in the clinical setting. In patients with membranous nephropathy (MN) that is accompanied by multi-system damage, impaired renal function, elevated IgG4 levels (absolute or relative value), negative PLA2R, and/or renal interstitial plasma cell infiltration, the possibility of IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) should be carefully assessed.

8.
Int J Surg ; 68: 35-39, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paravertebral block (PVB) as a sole anesthetic technique is difficult even in experienced hands. Hence, this study was undertaken to study the safety and efficacy of PVB and to compare with subarachnoid block (SAB) for inguinal hernia repair surgery (IHRS) in elderly male patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five male patients aged 65 to 89 scheduled for IHRS were allocated randomly by computer-generated randomisation sequence into two groups. They underwent PVB (Group PVB: 33 patients were injected with 10 ml ropivacaine 0.5% at each level from T12 to L1) or SAB (Group SAB: 32 patients were injected with 15 mg ropivacaine 0.5% at L3-L4 level). Primary outcomes were hemodynamic changes and duration of postoperative analgesia. Secondary outcomes were dosage of remedial analgesics, time to perform the block, side effects and satisfaction of patients. RESULTS: The hemodynamics in the Group PVB were more stable than those in the Group SAB during surgery (P < 0.05). The duration of post-operative analgesia was significantly longer in the Group PVB (P < 0.001). The total dose of fentanyl was smaller in the Group PVB in the first 24 h (P < 0.001). The time to perform the block was significantly longer in the Group PVB (P < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the visual analogue scales (VAS) scores between the two groups at 4 h, 6 h, 8 h and 10 h (P < 0.05) but not at 2 h, 12 h and 24 h (P > 0.05). The VAS scores were lowest at 2 h for both the 2 groups, highest at 12 h for Group PVB and at 8 h for Group SAB respectively. The Group PVB had fewer adverse effects (P < 0.05) and higher satisfaction of patients (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided PVB can ensure the anesthetic effects of unilateral-opened IHRS in elderly male patients. It has a small impact on hemodynamics, a longer postoperative analgesia time and less complications.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/métodos , Anestésicos/administração & dosagem , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Coluna Vertebral/inervação , Espaço Subaracnóideo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 7(3): 193-198, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217983

RESUMO

Background: In addition to the stepwise manner of lymph-node metastasis from the primary tumour, the skip lymph-node metastasis (SLNM) was identified as a low-incidence metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). So far, both the mechanism and outcome of SLNM have not been elucidated completely. The purpose of this study was to analyse the clinical significance and the potential mechanism of SLNM in GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis. Methods: Clinicopathological data and follow-up information of 505 GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis were analysed to demonstrate the significance of SLNM in evaluating the prognostic outcome. According to the pathological results, all GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis were categorized into three groups: patients with the perigastric lymph-node metastasis, patients with the perigastric and extragastric lymph-node metastasis and patients with SLNM.Results: Among the 505 GC patients who had lymph-node metastasis, 24 (4.8%) had pathologically identified SLNM. The location of lymph-node metastasis was not significantly associated with 5-year survival rate and overall survival (OS) (P = 0.194). The stratified survival analysis results showed that the status of SLNM was significantly associated with the OS in patients with pN1 GC (P = 0.001). The median OS was significantly shorter in 19 pN1 GC patients with SLNM than in 100 patients with perigastric lymph-node metastasis (P < 0.001). The case-control matched logistic regression analysis results showed that tumour size (P = 0.002) was the only clinicopathological factor that may predict SLNM in pN1 GC patients undergoing curative surgery. Among the 19 pN1 GC patients with SLNM, 17 (89.5%) had metastatic lymph nodes along the common hepatic artery, around the celiac artery or in the hepatoduodenal ligament. Conclusions: SLNM may be considered a potentially practicable indicator for prognosis among various subgroups of pN1 GC patients.

10.
Int Heart J ; 60(3): 656-664, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31019168

RESUMO

The issue that genetic polymorphism of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is associated with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is debatable. We sought to investigate the potential role of TNF-α gene polymorphism (G-308A) in the susceptibility to dilated cardiomyopathy.We retrieved PubMed, EMBASE, and CNKI to collect all articles which reported on the association between TNF-α G-308A polymorphism and dilated cardiomyopathy. Two authors used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) checklist to assess the quality of the included studies. The odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled in a specific genetic model to assess the association and Stata version 14.0 software was used.A total of 9 studies with 1338 patients and 1677 controls were included in this study. The results from this meta-analysis indicated that TNF-α G-308A polymorphism significantly increased the risk of dilated cardiomyopathy in heterozygous comparison (GA versus GG: OR = 1.87; 95%CI = 1.03-3.40; P < 0.05). The increased risk of DCM was also found in Asian populations using a dominant model and heterozygous comparison (GA+AA versus GG: OR = 2.00, 95%CI = 1.02-3.92, P < 0.05; GA versus GG: OR = 1.94, 95%CI = 1.23-3.06, P < 0.05).The current meta-analysis revealed that TNF-α gene polymorphism (G-308A) may be associated with the susceptibility to DCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/etnologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(9): e14716, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid progress has been made in research of cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) technology in the last few years, which might serve as a new method to diagnose coronary artery disease. However, compared with coronary angiography, the diagnostic value of CZT is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate diagnosis value of coronary angiography versus CZT in coronary artery disease. METHODS: We searched the database for eligible researches associated with CZT- myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and invasive coronary angiography, extracted the relevant data, and rigorously screened it according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The accuracy indicators included sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative likelihood ratios. RESULTS: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we finally found 20 studies containing 2350 patients in this search. Pooled results showed that sensitivity of CZT-MPI was 0.84% and 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.78 to 0.89, specificity was 0.72, 95% CI (0.62-0.76), the specificity was lower apparently. The positive likelihood ratio was 3.0, 95% CI (2.4-3.8), the negative likelihood ratio was 0.22, 95% CI (0.16-0.31), diagnostic odds ratio was 14, 95% CI (7.84-17.42). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed that CZT-MPI had satisfactory sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing coronary artery disease. Larger studies are required for further evaluation.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/normas , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
J Biotechnol ; 295: 49-54, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853639

RESUMO

(R)-3-amino-1-butanol is a key intermediate of Dolutegravir for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and its green and efficient biosynthesis has attracted a great deal of attention. Transaminases are currently used as promising biocatalyst for the synthesis of chiral amines. However, many transaminases have (S)-specificity and (R)-selective transaminases were less exploited and studied, making the production of (R)-amines remain challenging. In this study, a novel transaminase from Actinobacteria sp. (As-TA) was obtained and applied for the biosynthesis of (R)-3-amino-1-butanol by transferring the amino group from isopropylamine to 4-hydroxy-2-butanone. After optimization of the reaction condition and using a substrate fed-batch strategy, the conversion of 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 mM 4-hydroxy-2-butanone reached 100%, 94.9%, 86.1%, 76.1% and 70.9%, respectively. (R)-3-amino-1-butanol with a maximum yield of 29.6 g/L and 99.9% e.e. value was obtained. This was the first time demonstrating the successful biosynthesis of (R)-3-amino-1-butanol with transaminase as biocatalyst and the obtained As-TA enriched the enzyme pool of transaminase with (R)-specificity.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/enzimologia , Amino Álcoois/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transaminases/metabolismo , Actinobacteria/genética , Amino Álcoois/análise , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Biotecnologia , Estabilidade Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Engenharia Metabólica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Estereoisomerismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Transaminases/química , Transaminases/genética
14.
J Neurosci Methods ; 318: 100-103, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To establish a novel rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) complicated with prior venous stagnation, and to investigate the role of cerebral venous drainage in neural injury after acute cerebral infarction. NEW METHOD: Eighteen SD rats were randomly divided into two groups: control group and jugular vein ligation group. The left jugular vein ligation was performed to produce the jugular venous stagnation. In the control group, the jugular vein was exposed but not ligated. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured through laser speckle imaging before and after the surgery. At 1 week after the surgery, CBF was again measured and then a left MCAO was performed in both groups. At 24 h after MCAO, neurological deficit scoring was performed and the infarct volume was measured by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, a significant decrease in the CBF level was observed immediately after the ligation. A moderate recovery in CBF level was observed at 1 week after the ligation. The neurological deficit scores were significantly higher in the ligation group than in the control group at 24 h after the MCAO. Additionally, the volume of cerebral infarction increased significantly in the ligation group compared with that in the control group at the 24 h after MCAO. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHOD(S) AND CONCLUSIONS: The novel rat model of cerebral artery occlusion complicated with long-term unilateral venous stagnation indicates cerebral venous drainage impairment may aggravate behavioral impairment and increase infarct volume after cerebral infarction.

15.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30784114

RESUMO

The key regulators of inflammation underlying ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) remain poorly defined. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in the inflammatory response of many diseases; however, their roles in VILI remain unclear. We, therefore, performed transcriptome profiling of lncRNA and messenger RNA (mRNA) using RNA sequencing in lungs collected from mice model of VILI and control groups. Gene expression was analyzed through RNA sequencing and quantitative reverse transctiption polymerase chain reaction. A comprehensive bioinformatics analysis was used to characterize the expression profiles and relevant biological functions and for multiple comparisons among the controls and the injury models at different time points. Finally, lncRNA-mRNA coexpression networks were constructed and dysregulated lncRNAs were analyzed functionally. The mRNA transcript profiling, coexpression network analysis, and functional analysis of altered lncRNAs indicated enrichment in the regulation of immune system/inflammation processes, response to stress, and inflammatory pathways. We identified the lncRNA Gm43181 might be related to lung damage and neutrophil activation via chemokine receptor chemokine (C-X-C) receptor 2. In summary, our study provides an identification of aberrant lncRNA alterations involved in inflammation upon VILI, and lncRNA-mediated regulatory patterns may contribute to VILI inflammation.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 658: 294-304, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30577023

RESUMO

The concept of air resource management originated in the United States and subsequently became the foundation of most air quality control programs in developed countries. However, little is known about its validity and quantitative assessment methods in regional atmospheric environment management. The aim of this study was to construct an air resource endowment (ARE) index and apply it in a case study for assessing the distribution of ARE across mainland China from 2013 to 2017. The quantification of the ARE index includes two terms: the atmospheric diffusion coefficient (A value) and self-purification ability (B value), which can be calculated via Weather Research and Forecasting modeling (WRF-CALMET). The results indicated that about 15% of China's land area enjoys high ARE, around 20-25% of China's land area was considered to have relatively high or relatively low ARE indices, and ARE in the rest of China's land area (40%) was considered to be low. Further, a complex network correlation model was created and used to demarcate highly inter-correlated regions based on the data mining of the ARE index. Six key Joint Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution (JPCAP) regions with strong synchronicity in the ARE index were identified, which suggests that JPCAP could be implemented separately within each of these demarcated regions. The concepts and analysis methods proposed in this study for determining ARE and regional divisions can have broad significance for JPCAP implementation in China.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(48): e13436, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More susceptibility genes have been proved to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). The goal of our study is to evaluate the association between the R262W polymorphism of SH2B3 gene and risk of CHD. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, and WanFang databases up to March of 2018. The data of individual study were individually performed by 2 reviewers. The meta-analysis was performed by Stata software and expressed by the pooled odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI), which were calculated by specific model according to heterogeneity. RESULTS: Our research was based on 12 studies involving 25,845 patients and 68,910 healthy controls. Significant association between the variant R262W and CHD were found in overall populations (OR = 1.12, 95%CI = 1.09-1.15, P = .389, I = 5.4%), but not found in Asian (OR = 1.05, 95%CI = 0.98-1.12, I = 0.0%) in subgroup analysis by ethnicity. In another subgroup analysis, when classified into CHD and myocardial infarction (MI), there was a significance association between R262W and CHD (OR = 1.11,95% CI = 1.07-1.15, I = 13.5%) and MI (OR = 1.13, 95%CI = 1.08-1.18, I = 0.0%). The Begg's funnel plot revealed no significant publication bias. CONCLUSIONS: The R262W polymorphism is associated with risk of CHD or MI in Europeans, but not in Asians.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença das Coronárias/metabolismo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular
19.
Hypertens Res ; 41(12): 1073, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310170

RESUMO

The authors are retracting this article [1]. In their recent work the authors have found that the degree of fibrosis in the different walls of the left atrium in pigs with hypertensive cardiomyopathy is the same. Sirius Red staining (another method to test for fibrosis) showed that there was no difference between the different walls. The authors are unable to explain this inconsistency. All authors agree with this retraction.

20.
Chemosphere ; 210: 1176-1184, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208543

RESUMO

The promulgation and implementation of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan (APPCAP) have greatly accelerated air quality improvements in China. In this study, these improvements were assessed and analyzed using arithmetic mean and percentile methods. Air quality status and trends were illustrated meticulously. Air pollution risks remaining since the implementation of the APPCAP were also identified. In addition, a complex network correlation model was created and used to demarcate highly inter-correlated regions within China, which were identified using long-term PM2.5 concentration data. The results indicate that the annual mean PM2.5 concentration decreased by more than 30% throughout the country since the implementation of the APPCAP. However, more than 1 billion people were still exposed to polluted air containing PM2.5 concentrations exceeding the WHO Interim Target-1 (WHO IT-1). Cities with populations of more than 10 million were generally among the most polluted regions in China, while PM2.5 concentrations in locations with populations of less than 1 million met WHO IT-1 standards. Moreover, PM2.5 network correlation analysis defined 7 key Joint Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution (JPCAP) regions with strong synchronicity in PM2.5 mass concentrations; these results suggest that JPCAP could be implemented separately with in each of these demarcated regions. The atmospheric pollution control concepts and methods proposed herein are also broadly applicable for the implementation of JPCAP policies in other regions worldwide.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Artropatias/prevenção & controle , China , Poluição Ambiental/análise
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