Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 255
Filtrar
1.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064471

RESUMO

The development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents with high sensitivity and good biocompatibility is of great value for the diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, a novel MRI contrast agent based on calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles modified with a liver cancer cell targeting peptide A54 (A54-CaP) was fabricated. The T1-positive contrast agent Gd-DTPA was encapsulated inside the nanoparticles (A54-CaPNPs), with a mean diameter of 30 nm and a high encapsulation efficiency of 92.73%. The A54-CaPNP solution exhibited higher longitudinal relaxivity (6.07 mM-1 s-1) than that of the clinically used MRI contrast agent Gd-DTPA (3.56 mM-1 s-1). A much higher accumulation of the nanoparticles in the liver cells was observed, which was directed by the A54 targeting peptide. Furthermore, the MRI diagnostic efficiency of A54-CaPNPs was systematically investigated in an orthotopic liver cancer model and primary HCC model. In vivo MRI experiments showed that A54-CaPNPs had higher sensitivity in the BEL-7402 orthotopic liver cancer model with a more remarkable contrast enhancement and a longer imaging time compared to those without A54 modification. Moreover, the experiments on primary HCC models suggested that A54-CaPNPs showed greatly enhanced MR imaging performance in comparison with Gd-DTPA. These results suggest that A54-CaPNPs possess great potential to enable the non-invasive early diagnosis of primary HCC for timely surgical resection.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18841, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported the rs10757274 SNP (present on locus 9p21 in the gene for CDKN2BAS1) might be associated with susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD). Owing to mixed and inconclusive results, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between rs10757274 polymorphism and the risk of CAD. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between rs10757274 polymorphism and the risk of CAD. METHODS: All studies of the rs10757274 SNP with CAD that were published between 2007 and 2018 were retrieved from the PubMed database. Meta-analysis was performed with Stata 14.0 software. The effect size of the rs10757274 SNP with CAD risk was assessed based on the odds ratios (ORs) with calculation of 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Eleven studies including 52,209 subjects (cases: 7990, controls: 44,219) were included in the final data combination. Pooled overall analyses showed that rs10757274 (allele model: P < .001; dominant model: P < .001; recessive model: P < .001; Heterozygote codominant: P = .002; Homozygote codominant: P < .001) polymorphisms were significantly associated with the likelihood of CAD. Significant heterogeneity between individual studies appears in all 5 models. Further subgroup analyses revealed that rs10757274 polymorphisms were all significantly correlated with the likelihood of CAD and no heterogeneity were observed in West Asians. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that rs10757274 polymorphisms may serve as genetic biomarkers of CAD, especially in West Asians.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 439, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949205

RESUMO

Flavanomarein (FM) is a major natural compound of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt with protective effects against diabetic nephropathy (DN). In this study, we investigated the effects of FM on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in high glucose (HG)-stimulated human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) and the underlying mechanisms, including both direct targets and downstream signal-related proteins. The influence of FM on EMT marker proteins was evaluated via western blot. Potential target proteins of FM were searched using Discovery Studio 2017 R2. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis was conducted to enrich the proteins within the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network for biological processes. Specific binding of FM to target proteins was examined via molecular dynamics and surface plasmon resonance analyses (SPR). FM promoted the proliferation of HK-2 cells stimulated with HG and inhibited EMT through the Syk/TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway. Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) was predicted to be the most likely directly interacting protein with FM. Combined therapy with a Syk inhibitor and FM presents significant potential as an effective novel therapeutic strategy for DN.

4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 20, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant genomes contain a large number of HAK/KUP/KT transporters, which play important roles in potassium uptake and translocation, osmotic potential regulation, salt tolerance, root morphogenesis and plant development. Potassium deficiency in the soil of a sugarcane planting area is serious. However, the HAK/KUP/KT gene family remains to be characterized in sugarcane (Saccharum). RESULTS: In this study, 30 HAK/KUP/KT genes were identified in Saccharum spontaneum. Phylogenetics, duplication events, gene structures and expression patterns were analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis of the HAK/KUP/KT genes from 15 representative plants showed that this gene family is divided into four groups (clades I-IV). Both ancient whole-genome duplication (WGD) and recent gene duplication contributed to the expansion of the HAK/KUP/KT gene family. Nonsynonymous to synonymous substitution ratio (Ka/Ks) analysis showed that purifying selection was the main force driving the evolution of HAK/KUP/KT genes. The divergence time of the HAK/KUP/KT gene family was estimated to range from 134.8 to 233.7 Mya based on Ks analysis, suggesting that it is an ancient gene family in plants. Gene structure analysis showed that the HAK/KUP/KT genes were accompanied by intron gain/loss in the process of evolution. RNA-seq data analysis demonstrated that the HAK/KUP/KT genes from clades II and III were mainly constitutively expressed in various tissues, while most genes from clades I and IV had no or very low expression in the tested tissues at different developmental stages. The expression of SsHAK1 and SsHAK21 was upregulated in response to low-K+ stress. Yeast functional complementation analysis revealed that SsHAK1 and SsHAK21 could rescue K+ uptake in a yeast mutant. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided insights into the evolutionary history of HAK/KUP/KT genes. HAK7/9/18 were mainly expressed in the upper photosynthetic zone and mature zone of the stem. HAK7/9/18/25 were regulated by sunlight. SsHAK1 and SsHAK21 played important roles in mediating potassium acquisition under limited K+ supply. Our results provide valuable information and key candidate genes for further studies on the function of HAK/KUP/KT genes in Saccharum.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 99, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919382

RESUMO

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) plays a critical role in energy metabolism and bioenergetic homeostasis. Most NAD+ in mammalian cells is synthesized via the NAD+ salvage pathway, where nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is the rate-limiting enzyme, converting nicotinamide into nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Using a Thy1-Nampt-/- projection neuron conditional knockout (cKO) mouse, we studied the impact of NAMPT on synaptic vesicle cycling in the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), end-plate structure of NMJs and muscle contractility of semitendinosus muscles. Loss of NAMPT impaired synaptic vesicle endocytosis/exocytosis in the NMJs. The cKO mice also had motor endplates with significantly reduced area and thickness. When the cKO mice were treated with NMN, vesicle endocytosis/exocytosis was improved and endplate morphology was restored. Electrical stimulation induced muscle contraction was significantly impacted in the cKO mice in a frequency dependent manner. The cKO mice were unresponsive to high frequency stimulation (100 Hz), while the NMN-treated cKO mice responded similarly to the control mice. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed sarcomere misalignment and changes to mitochondrial morphology in the cKO mice, with NMN treatment restoring sarcomere alignment but not mitochondrial morphology. This study demonstrates that neuronal NAMPT is important for pre-/post-synaptic NMJ function, and maintaining skeletal muscular function and structure.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 521(3): 799-805, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706575

RESUMO

Lpg0189 is a type II secretion system-dependent extracellular protein with unknown function from Legionella pneumophila. Herein, we determined the crystal structure of Lpg0189 at 1.98 Šresolution by using single-wavelength anomalous diffraction (SAD). Lpg0189 folds into a novel chair-shaped architecture, with two sheets roughly perpendicular to each other. Bioinformatics analysis suggests Lpg0189 and its homologues are unique to Legionellales and evolved divergently. The interlinking structural and bioinformatics studies provide a better understanding of this hypothetical protein.

7.
Int J Surg ; 74: 44-52, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the prognostic value of negative lymph node (NLN) count in stage III gastric cancer (GC) patients after curative gastrectomy. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 2942 stage III patients who underwent curative gastrectomy between 2001 and 2011 were analyzed. Only patients with ≥16 examined lymph nodes (ELNs) were included. After cut-point survival analysis, the 2942 patients were divided into three subgroups with NLN counts of 0, 1-9, and ≥10. Survival differences among the subgroups were analyzed to assess the effects of NLN count on stage migration and overall survival (OS) in stage III GC patients. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationships between the ELN count and the positive lymph node (PLN) count, the ELN count and the NLN count, and the NLN count and the PLN count. RESULTS: Survival analyses revealed that the NLN count was significantly associated with OS (P = 0.001) and was an independent predictor (P < 0.01) of prognosis in stage III GC patients. Subgroup analysis showed that the prognostic evaluation accuracy was highest when the NLN count was ≥10 for stage III patients. Stage migrations were mainly detected in the following pathological tumor-node (pTN) subgroups: pT2N3a with 1-9 NLNs and pT2N3b with ≥10 NLNs, and pT3N3a with 1-9 NLNs and pT3N3b with ≥10 NLNs. NLN count was positively correlated with the ELN and the PLN counts for pT2N3 and pT3N3 stage GC patients (r = 0.694 and r = 0.881 for pT2N3 patients; r = 0.685 and r = 0.902 for pT3N3 patients, respectively; P < 0.001). These findings indicate that the NLN count may be a useful prognostic predictor in stage III GC patients. CONCLUSIONS: The NLN count may improve the prognostic prediction efficiency of the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification for GC, especially for stage III patients, and should be recommended for clinical applications.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(3): 3654-3660, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880147

RESUMO

To provide a light and breathable self-charging wearable power source adaptable for various weather conditions and body movements, couching embroidery has been proposed as an industrially scalable electrode-to-device assembling strategy, rather than a decorative textile pattern making process. Various types of cable electrodes and device units with a large size and shape difference were directly and reliably assembled on a light and soft tulle to form either photovoltaic or battery devices, which can be further integrated following any irregular pattern and any electrical connection design. Under sunlight, a transparent tulle as a glove or scarf can be charged up at a power of 10 W/m2, and then maintain stable power output in the dark for various weather and body moving conditions, including bending, twisting, hand-stretching, wind blowing, and water washing. Our approaches not only simplified the fabrication of integrated fabric-type energy devices but also improved the structural and functional design flexibility of a portable electronic power source, especially for summer wearing applications.

9.
Oncol Lett ; 18(6): 6491-6500, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814849

RESUMO

Globally, liver cancer has the third highest mortality rate among all types of cancer due to the invasive and metastatic capacities of liver tumor cells. MicroRNA (miR) is a class of non-coding RNAs that participate in the development of liver cancer. The aim of the present study was to explore the molecular mechanisms by which miR-221-3p and miR-15b-5p promote the proliferation and invasion of liver cancer cells through targeting axis formation inhibitor 2 (Axin2) and to identify suitable targets for the treatment of liver cancer. The expression levels of miR-221-3p and miR-15b-5p were determined in liver cancer tissues and cells by quantitative PCR, and the association between miR-221-3p, miR-15b-5p and Axin2 expression in liver cancer cells was analyzed using cell transfection. The results demonstrated that miR-221-3p and miR-15b-5p levels were upregulated in liver cancer tissues and cell lines, and results from predictive bioinformatic analysis and identification revealed that Axin2 was the common target gene of miR-221-3p and miR-15b-5p. miR-221-3p and miR-15b-5p may be used as prognostic indicators for liver cancer. The miR-221-3p/miR-15b-5p-Axin2 axis may serve as a therapeutic target in patients with liver cancer.

10.
Cell Host Microbe ; 26(6): 810-822.e7, 2019 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830443

RESUMO

Living organisms can be primed for potentiated responses to recurring stresses based on prior experience. However, the molecular basis of immune priming remains elusive in plants that lack adaptive immunity. Here, we report that bacterial challenges can prepare plants for fungal attacks by inducing juxtamembrane phosphorylation of CERK1, the co-receptor indispensable for signaling in response to the fungal elicitor chitin. This phosphorylation is mediated by BAK1, a co-receptor for signaling in response to multiple elicitors. BAK1 interacts with CERK1, and loss of BAK1 reduces priming phosphorylation of CERK1. Juxtamembrane phosphomimetic mutations of CERK1 confer accelerated chitin responses and fortified fungal resistance without triggering constitutive immunity, whereas juxtamembrane phosphodeficient mutations diminish bacteria-induced protection against fungal infection. These findings reveal that crosstalk between cell-surface immune co-receptors can prime defense and demonstrate that juxtamembrane phosphorylation of plant receptor-like kinases can occur independent of kinase activation to place the protein into a prime state.

11.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rice stripe virus (RSV) is one of the most serious rice diseases in East Asia. The small brown planthopper (SBPH), Laodelphax striatellus, is an economically important rice pest. SBPH transmits RSV horizontally and vertically, resulting in serious rice economic losses. Exposure to sublethal doses of insecticides can induce many physiological and cellular changes in insects. However, the mechanism underlying triazophos-induced RSV vertical transmission remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of vitellogenin (Vg) in triazophos-induced RSV vertical transmission. RESULTS: RSV vertical transmission rates were significantly induced by sublethal exposure to triazophos. The transcript abundance of viral RNA3 segment (RNA3) and capsid protein (CP) in the ovaries of SBPH were also significantly increased. Triazophos induced the expression level of Vg in L. striatellus (LsVg) and increased the contents of ovarian protein and fat body protein. Knockdown of Vg significantly reduced the expression levels of LsVg and Vg receptor (LsVgR), and decreased RSV accumulations in the ovaries. Double-stranded Vg (dsVg)-mediated down-regulation could be rescued by exposure to triazophos. Vertical transmission rate of the dsVg-injected group was significantly decreased compared with the dsGFP-injected group, and triazophos significantly rescued the RSV vertical transmission rate of the dsVg-injected group. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that triazophos-induced RSV vertical transmission is associated with Vg. This work will help us to further elucidate sublethal doses of insecticides-mediated effects and develop new strategies for pest control. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

12.
Opt Express ; 27(23): 34230-34246, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878475

RESUMO

A well-designed filter assembly is incorporated to an earlier mobile Rayleigh Doppler Lidar developed at University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) for wind measurement round the clock. The filter assembly consists of two cascaded Fabry-Perot Etalons (FPEs) and a narrow-band interference filter (IF), which are optimized to filter out strong solar background radiation during daytime. The high resolution FPE is mainly used to compress the whole bandwidth of the filter assembly, whereas the low resolution FPE with relatively large free spectral range (FSR) is primarily used to block the unwanted periodic transmission peaks of high resolution FPE arising within the narrow-band IF passband. Some test experiments are carried out and demonstrate that the filter assembly have an overall peak transmission of 33.32% with a bandwidth of 2.41 pm at 355 nm. When applying it to the USTC mobile Rayleigh Doppler Lidar, the daytime background is only 3% or less than before. Consequently, the detectable altitude during daytime increases to ∼51 km with wind velocity accuracy of ±7.6 m/s.

13.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755168

RESUMO

Deciphering protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is fundamental for understanding signal transduction pathways in plants. The split firefly luciferase (Fluc) complementation (SLC) assay has been widely used for analyzing PPIs. However, concern has risen about the bulky halves of Fluc interfering with the functions of their fusion partners. Nano luciferase (Nluc) is the smallest substitute for Fluc with improved stability and luminescence. Here, we developed a dual-use system enabling the detection of PPIs through the Nluc-based SLC and co-immunoprecipitation assays. This was realized by coexpression of two proteins under investigation in fusion with the HA- or FLAG-tagged Nluc halves, respectively. We validated the robustness of this system by reproducing multiple previously documented PPIs in protoplasts or Agrobacterium-transformed plants. We next applied this system to evaluate the homodimerization of Arabidopsis CERK1, a coreceptor of fungal elicitor chitin, and its heterodimerization with other homologs in the absence or presence of chitin. Moreover, split fragments of Nluc were fused to two cytosolic ends of Arabidopsis calcium channels CNGC2 and CNGC4 to help sense the allosteric change induced by the bacterial elicitor flg22. Collectively, these results demonstrate the usefulness of the Nluc-based SLC assay for probing constitutive or inducible PPIs and protein allostery in plant cells.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(22)2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717686

RESUMO

Plant genome sequences are presently deciphered at a staggering speed, due to the rapid advancement of high-throughput sequencing technologies. However, functional genomics significantly lag behind due to technical obstacles related to functional redundancy and mutant lethality. Artificial microRNA (amiRNA) technology is a specific, reversible, and multiplex gene silencing tool that has been frequently used in generating constitutive or conditional mutants for gene functional interrogation. The routine approach to construct amiRNA precursors involves multiple polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) that can increase both time and labor expenses, as well as the chance to introduce sequence errors. Here, we report a simplified method to clone and express amiRNAs in Arabidopsis and rice based on the engineered Arabidopsis miR319a or rice miR528 precursor, which harbor restriction sites to facilitate one-step cloning of a single PCR product. Stem-loop reverse-transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and functional assays validated that amiRNAs can be accurately processed from these modified precursors and work efficiently in plant protoplasts. In addition, Arabidopsis transgenic plants overexpressing the modified miR319a precursor or its derived amiRNA could exhibit strong gene silencing phenotypes, as expected. The simplified amiRNA cloning strategy will be broadly useful for functional genomic studies in Arabidopsis and rice, and maybe other dicotyledon and monocotyledon species as well.

15.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(12): e1012, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the histological types of primary liver cancer with high recurrence and mortality in the world. The purpose of this study was to explore the diagnostic and therapeutic value for HCC patients. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the circulating miR-130b-5p (miR-130b) and miR-21-5p (miR-21) expression levels in patients with HCC and their association with clinical parameters. RESULTS: The circulating miR-130b and miR-21 were all upregulated in patients with HCC. The upregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) were associated with clinicopathological parameters of tumor capsular infiltration and clinical TNM stage. Also, the poor prognosis of patients with upregulated miRNAs levels suggested that it may be an effective therapeutic target for HCC by suppression of the miRNAs levels. In addition, the combined detection of serum miR-130b and miR-21 performed better in the diagnosis of HCC with a sensitivity of 92.16% and an accuracy rate of 77.51%. In vivo, tumors treated with the nanoparticle (NP)/miR-130b and miR-21 inhibitor complexes had significantly lower growth than the other groups. CONCLUSION: The circulating miR-130b and miR-21 can be used as potential tumor biomarkers to diagnose liver cancer, and the combined detection of serum miR-130b and miR-21 is superior to the diagnosis of HCC. NP/miR-130b and miR-21 inhibitor complexes show good therapeutic effects in vivo and are expected to become therapeutic targets worthy of further study.

16.
Molecules ; 24(20)2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623152

RESUMO

ε-Polylysine (ε-PL) was studied for the growth inhibition of Shewanella putrefaciens (S. putrefaciens). The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ε-PL against S. putrefaciens was measured by the broth dilution method, while the membrane permeability and metabolism of S. putrefaciens were assessed after ε-PL treatment. Additionally, growth curves, the content of alkaline phosphatase (AKP), the electrical conductivity (EC), the UV absorbance and scanning electron microscope (SEM) data were used to study cellular morphology. The impact of ε-PL on cell metabolism was also investigated by different methods, such as enzyme activity (peroxidase [POD], catalase [CAT], succinodehydrogenase [SDH] and malic dehydrogenase [MDH]) and cell metabolic activity. The results showed that the MIC of ε-PL against S. putrefaciens was 1.0 mg/mL. When S. putrefaciens was treated with ε-PL, the growth of the bacteria was inhibited and the AKP content, electrical conductivity and UV absorbance were increased, which demonstrated that ε-PL could damage the cell structure. The enzyme activities of POD, CAT, SDH, and MDH in the bacterial solution with ε-PL were decreased compared to those in the ordinary bacterial solution. As the concentration of ε-PL was increased, the enzyme activity decreased further. The respiratory activity of S. putrefaciens was also inhibited by ε-PL. The results suggest that ε-PL acts on the cell membrane of S. putrefaciens, thereby increasing membrane permeability and inhibiting enzyme activity in relation to respiratory metabolism and cell metabolism. This leads to inhibition of cell growth, and eventually cell death.

17.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(9): 1221-1230, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588187

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies in human subjects have mostly been confined to peripheral blood lymphocytes for Pneumocystis infection. We here aimed to compare circulating and pulmonary T-cell populations derived from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-uninfected immunocompromised patients with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in order to direct new therapies. Methods: Peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage samples were collected from patients with and without PCP. Populations of Th1/Tc1, Th2/Tc2, Th9/Tc9, and Th17/Tc17 CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were quantified using multiparameter flow cytometry. Results: No significant differences were found between PCP and non-PCP groups in circulating T cells. However, significantly higher proportions of pulmonary Th1 and Tc9 were observed in the PCP than in the non-PCP group. Interestingly, our data indicated that pulmonary Th1 was negatively correlated with disease severity, whereas pulmonary Tc9 displayed a positive correlation in PCP patients. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that pulmonary expansion of Th1 and Tc9 subsets may play protective and detrimental roles in PCP patients, respectively. Thus, these specific T-cell subsets in the lungs may serve as targeted immunotherapies for patients with PCP.

18.
J Nutr Biochem ; 73: 108214, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520816

RESUMO

Formononetin has been reported to ameliorate hyperlipidemia and obesity, but its effect and mechanism of action in anti-non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remain unclear. Lipophagy is a critical protective mechanism during steatosis development that results in the decomposition of lipid droplets through autophagy and the prevention of cellular lipid accumulation. This study aimed to investigate the beneficial role of formononetin in treating NAFLD and explore the mechanism of lipophagy in formononetin anti-hepatic steatosis effects. Formononetin treatment significantly ameliorated hepatic steatosis in HFD mice. Consistently, formononetin also reduced FFAs-stimulated lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells and primary mouse hepatocytes. Further analysis revealed that steatosis increased LC3B-II, a marker of autophagy, but caused blockade of autophagic flux associated with a lack of lysosomes. Treatment with formononetin promoted lysosome biogenesis and autophagosome-lysosome fusion, relieving the blockade in autophagic flux and further induced lipophagy. Mechanistically, formononetin activated adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and promoted subsequent nuclear translocation of transcription factor EB (TFEB), a key regulator of lysosome biogenesis. TFEB inhibition markedly abolished formononetin-induced lysosome biogenesis, autophagosome-lysosome fusion and lipophagy and concomitantly alleviated lipid accumulation. Formononetin improved hepatic steatosis via TFEB-mediated lysosome biogenesis, which provides new evidence regarding formononetin's anti-NAFLD effects.

19.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(20): 11840-11848, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536701

RESUMO

This study analyzed ammonia reduction potential and related costs and benefits of several ammonia emission reduction technologies applicable for dairy production from cattle in China. Specifically, these included diet manipulation, manure acidification, manure/slurry covers, and solid manure compaction. Ammonia emissions for China were estimated using the GAINS and NUFER models, while mitigation potentials of technologies were determined from laboratory studies. Ammonia reduction potentials from dairy production in China ranged from 0.8 to 222 Gg NH3 year-1 for the selected technologies. Implementation costs ranged from a savings of US$15 kg-1 NH3 abated to an expenditure of US$45 kg-1 NH3 abated, while the total implementation costs varied from a savings of US$1.5 billion in 2015 to an expenditure of a similar size. The best NH3 reduction technology was manure acidification, while the most cost-effective option was diet optimization with lower crude protein input. For most abatement options, material costs were the critical element of overall costs. The fertilizer value of manure could partly offset the implementation cost of the options tested. Furthermore, benefits due to avoided health damage, as a result of reducing NH3 emissions, could make all abatement options (except for manure compaction) profitable on the scale of a national economy.


Assuntos
Amônia , Esterco , Animais , Bovinos , China , Dieta , Fertilizantes
20.
Oncol Lett ; 18(4): 3599-3604, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516574

RESUMO

Anesthetic effects and safety of dexmedetomidine and tramadol, respectively, combined with propofol in ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy (PMCT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were compared. One hundred and seventy-six patients with HCC, treated by ultrasound-guided PMCT in The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2014 to December 2016, were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups: dexmedetomidine group (anesthetized with dexmedetomidine combined with propofol, n=91) and tramadol group (anesthetized with tramadol combined with propofol, n=85). Changes in heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded before oxygen inhalation (T1), intraoperationally (T2), and at 30 min postoperatively (T3), and the recovery time (recorded from the moment the use of anesthetic drugs stopped), hospital stay, visual analogue scale (VAS) score at 48 h after surgery, as well as the adverse reactions in the perioperative period were compared between the two groups. HR and SpO2 in the dexmedetomidine group at T2 and T3 were significantly lower than those in the tramadol group (P<0.05). HR and SpO2 at T2 were significantly lower than those at T1 and T3, and HR at T3 was lower than that at T1 (P<0.05). MAP in the dexmedetomidine group at T2 was significantly lower than that in the tramadol group (t=3.836, P<0.001). MAP at T2 was significantly lower than those at T1 and T3, and MAP at T3 was lower than that at T1 (P<0.05). The number of patients with shivering in the dexmedetomidine group was significantly higher than that in the tramadol group (P<0.05). Both tramadol and dexmedetomidine, respectively combined with propofol in PMCT for HCC surgery can achieve satisfactory anesthetic effects. However, tramadol combined with propofol is more effective in stabilizing the vital signs with less side-effects, and is more suitable for PMCT in patients with HCC than dexmedetomidine combined with propofol, which is worth popularizing and applying in clinic.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA