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1.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present the clinical and surgical results in patients who underwent segmental bronchial sleeve reconstruction. METHODS: The clinical and pathological data of 16 patients with central non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent segmental bronchial sleeve resection from April 2015 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: According to the type of segmental bronchial reconstruction, procedures were divided into four types: right upper S6 sleeve lobectomy in three cases (type A); left lower lingular sleeve lobectomy in 10 cases (type B); left upper S6 sleeve lobectomy in two cases (type C); and left lower propriolateral superior sleeve lobectomy in one case (type D). A total of three patients (18.75%) experienced anastomotic complications, including two with anastomotic stenosis and one with anastomotic fistula. All patients achieved R0 resection. Apart from one patient who died of acute lung infection after surgery, the rest were successfully discharged. The average follow-up time was 28 months, and the overall survival rates of patients at one, two, and three years were 80.0%, 53.3%, and 40.0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Segmental bronchial sleeve resection is complex in technique and may have an increased risk of complications compared to a standard sleeve resection, but it is an effective and safe procedure, especially for selected patients with central lung cancer.

2.
Theranostics ; 10(6): 2791-2802, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194835

RESUMO

Development of unique theranostic nanoplatforms for tumor imaging and therapy remains an active topic in current nanomedicine. Here, we designed a novel targeted theranostic nanoplatform for enhanced T1 -weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided chemotherapy by constructing layered double hydroxide (LDH)-stabilized ultrasmall iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles with hyaluronic acid (HA) modified as targeting agents, and anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) loaded with a high loading efficiency. Methods: The structure and release property of LDH-Fe3O4-HA/DOX nanoplatforms were characterized systematically. B16 melanoma cells with CD44 receptors overexpressed were used as model cells to determine the biocompatibility, targeting capability, and therapeutic efficiency of nanoplatforms. For in vivo experiment, hyaluronidase (HAase) pretreatment was combined with nanoplatform administration to investigate the MR imaging and chemotherapeutic effect. Results: The LDH-Fe3O4-HA nanohybrids possess good colloidal stability and cytocompatibility, display an r1 relaxivity 10-fold higher than the pristine ultrasmall Fe3O4 (4.38 mM-1 s-1 vs 0.42 mM-1 s-1), and could release drug in a pH-responsive manner. In vitro experiments demonstrate that LDH-Fe3O4-HA/DOX nanohybrids are able to specifically target B16 cells overexpressing CD44 receptors and effectively release DOX to nucleus. In vivo results show that with the pretreatment of tumor tissue by HAase to degrade the overexpressed HA in extra-cellular matrix, the designed nanoplatforms have a better tumor penetration for significantly enhanced MR imaging of tumors and tumor chemotherapy with low side effects. Conclusion: The designed LDH-Fe3O4-HA/DOX nanohybrids may be developed as a novel targeted theranostic nanoplatform for enhanced T1 -weighted MR imaging-guided chemotherapy of CD44 receptor-overexpressing tumors.

3.
Org Lett ; 22(4): 1331-1335, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009417

RESUMO

Ru(II)-catalyzed direct alkylation of tertiary phosphines via hydroarylation of activated olefins promoted by mono-N-protected amino acid (MPAA) was achieved. This protocol provides a straightforward access to a large library of Buchwald-type bulky alkylated monophosphines from commercially available biaryl phosphine. Moreover, two ruthenacycle intermediates of tertiary phosphines via C-H bond cleavage were isolated to illustrate the mechanism of P(III)-directed C-H activation.

4.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 138: 111187, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061728

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the immunotoxic effects of deoxynivalenol (DON) in weaning piglets, and potential efficacy of a modified hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (HSCAS) adsorbent to reduce DON toxicity. Four groups of 21-day-old male piglets (n = 7/group) were fed a control diet or diet containing 1.0 or 3.0 mg DON/kg, or 3.0 mg DON/kg plus 0.05% modified HSCAS for 4 weeks. Compared to the control, the DON diets decreased serum porcine circovirus antibody titer and the dermal hypersensitivity response to OVA at day 21 or 28. DON also induced focal necrosis and proliferation of cortical lymphocytes and apoptosis and increased the total antioxidant capacity and reduced glutathione, protein carbonyl concentrations in thymus. DON increased thymus mRNA, protein and (or) enzyme levels, cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α) and apoptosis-related genes (Caspase-3), while hematopoietic cell kinase (HCK) decreased. Intriguingly, the modified HSCAS alleviated the DON-induced changes on serum antibody titer, and thymic histopathology, apoptosis, redox status, inflammation and apoptosis signaling. In conclusion, these findings help to explain the toxic effects and mechanisms of DON and demonstrated the modified HSCAS adsorbent could be used to reduce the toxicity of DON in weaning piglets.

6.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012309

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is emerging as an important signalling molecule that regulates plant growth and abiotic stress responses. However, the roles of H2 S in symbiotic nitrogen (N) assimilation and remobilization have not been characterized. Therefore, we examined how H2 S influences the soybean (Glycine max)/rhizobia interaction in terms of symbiotic N fixation and mobilization during N deficiency-induced senescence. H2 S enhanced biomass accumulation and delayed leaf senescence through effects on nodule numbers, leaf chlorophyll contents, leaf N resorption efficiency, and the N contents in different tissues. Moreover, grain numbers and yield were regulated by H2 S and rhizobia, together with N accumulation in the organs, and N use efficiency. The synergistic effects of H2 S and rhizobia were also demonstrated by effects on the enzyme activities, protein abundances, and gene expressions associated with N metabolism, and senescence-associated genes (SAGs) expression in soybeans grown under conditions of N deficiency. Taken together, these results show that H2 S and rhizobia accelerate N assimilation and remobilization by regulation of the expression of SAGs during N deficiency-induced senescence. Thus, H2 S enhances the vegetative and reproductive growth of soybean, presumably through interactions with rhizobia under conditions of N deficiency.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 150: 459-467, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057866

RESUMO

Precise prediction and measurement of dispersibility of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) under atmospheric conditions are extremely vital for their potential commercial application. In the present work, the dispersibility of AgNPs capped by polysaccharide-protein from viscera of abalone (PSP-AgNPs) was studied using the combination of ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and multiple-light-scattering (MLS) techniques. The results showed that the combination of UV/vis, DLS and MLS not only accurately determined the dispersibility of PSP-AgNPs, but also provided detailed information about the aggregation behavior of PSP-AgNPs. Furthermore, the results revealed a high dispersibility of PSP-AgNPs in the studied environment. The system temperature, pH value and thermal treatment (pasteurization and sterilization) had no effect on the dispersion of PSP-AgNPs in the effective concentration range against the pathogenic bacteria. Besides, an excellent stable dispersion and antibacterial activity against common pathogenic vibrio was also found in the dispersed PSP-AgNPs in seawater. Overall, the study provides a suitable method for the precise measurement of the dispersibility of AgNPs in environment. The AgNPs act as a potential bactericide with good dispersion and antibacterial activity in mariculture and other fields.

8.
Gut Microbes ; : 1-17, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928124

RESUMO

Background: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is a multisystemic autoimmune disorder characterized by granulomatous panuveitis. Gut microbiome has been considered to play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease but whether the alternation of gut microbiome was involved is unclear. This study was set up to identify abnormalities of gut microbiome composition in VKH disease.Results: Depleted butyrate-producing bacteria, lactate-producing bacteria and methanogens as well as enriched Gram-negative bacteria were identified in the active VKH patients, as well as in VKH patients of Mix enterotype and Bacteroides enterotype. Changes of gut microbiome in the VKH patients were partially restored after an immunosuppressive treatment. The disease susceptibility genotype HLA-DRA was associated with Bacteroides sp.2.1.33B, Paraprevotella clara, Alistipes finegoldii and Eubacterium eligens. A microbial marker profile including 40 disease-associated species was established to differentiate patients from controls. Another microbial marker profile including 37 species was found to be associated with the response to treatment. An animal experiment showed that transfer of gut microbiome from VKH patients could significantly exacerbate disease activity clinically and pathologically in the recipient mice.Conclusion: Our results revealed a distinct gut microbiome signature in VKH patients and showed an exacerbating effect of this gut microbiome on experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). We also developed two microbial marker profiles in differentiating VKH patients from healthy controls as well as predicting the effectiveness of treatment.

9.
Artif Intell Med ; 102: 101756, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980095

RESUMO

Early detection of skin cancer is very important and can prevent some skin cancers, such as focal cell carcinoma and melanoma. Although there are several reasons that have bad impacts on the detection precision. Recently, the utilization of image processing and machine vision in medical applications is increasing. In this paper, a new image processing based method has been proposed for the early detection of skin cancer. The method utilizes an optimal Convolutional neural network (CNN) for this purpose. In this paper, improved whale optimization algorithm is utilized for optimizing the CNN. For evaluation of the proposed method, it is compared with some different methods on two different datasets. Simulation results show that the proposed method has superiority toward the other compared methods.

10.
Water Res ; 169: 115249, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706128

RESUMO

The increasing use of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) raises concerns about its potential toxicity to the environment. However, the interaction between PFOA and aerobic granular sludge has never been documented. This work therefore aims to provide such support through investigating the fate of PFOA at environmentally relevant levels in aerobic granular sludge systems and its impact on aerobic granular sludge. Experimental results showed that 32.0%∼36.4% of wastewater PFOA was removed by aerobic granular sludge in stable operation when PFOA concentration was ranged from 0.1 to 1.0 mg/L. Mass balance analyses and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy survey scan revealed that the removal of PFOA was dominated by adsorption rather than biodegradation, and sorption kinetic analysis indicated that inhomogeneous multilayer adsorption was responsible for this removal. The adsorbed PFOA deteriorated the settleability of granular sludge and biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal significantly. Experimental results showed that 1.0 mg/L PFOA inhibited anaerobic phosphate release, aerobic phosphate uptake, nitrate reduction, and nitrite reduction processes by 60%, 50%, 13.1%, and 5.8%, respectively. It was observed that PFOA induced large amounts of filamentous villus growing on the surface and increased the extracellular polymeric substances of granular sludge. Fourier-transform infrared spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectrum showed that several function groups in extracellular polymeric substances such as hydroxyl groups, amides and polysaccharides were affected by PFOA. It was also found that PFOA inhibited the cyclic transformations of polyhydroxyalkanoates and glycogen. Microbial community analyses showed that PFOA decreased the abundances of Nitrosomonas, Nitrospira, Accumulibacter, and other function microbes such as Rhodospirillaceae, Thauera, and Azoarcus.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Aerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Caprilatos , Fluorcarbonetos , Cinética , Nitrogênio
11.
Gastroenterology ; 158(3): 664-678.e24, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Immune checkpoint inhibitors have some efficacy in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), expressed on some cancer cells, binds to the receptor programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1, also called PD1) on T cells to prevent their proliferation and reduce the antigen-tumor immune response. Immune cells that infiltrate some types of HCCs secrete interferon gamma (IFNG). Some HCC cells express myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), which has been associated with shorter survival times of patients. We studied whether HCC cell expression of MEF2D regulates expression of PD-L1 in response to IFNG. METHODS: We analyzed immune cells from 20 fresh HCC tissues by flow cytometry. We analyzed 225 fixed HCC tissues (from 2 cohorts) from patients in China by immunohistochemistry and obtained survival data. We created mice with liver-specific knockout of MEF2D (MEF2DLPC-KO mice). We knocked out or knocked down MEF2D, E1A binding protein p300 (p300), or sirtuin 7 (SIRT7) in SMMC-7721, Huh7, H22, and Hepa1-6 HCC cell lines, some incubated with IFNG. We analyzed liver tissues from mice and cell lines by RNA sequencing, immunoblot, dual luciferase reporter, and chromatin precipitation assays. MEF2D protein acetylation and proteins that interact with MEF2D were identified by coimmunoprecipitation and pull-down assays. H22 cells, with MEF2D knockout or without (controls), were transplanted into BALB/c mice, and some mice were given antibodies to deplete T cells. Mice bearing orthotopic tumors grown from HCC cells, with or without knockout of SIRT7, were given injections of an antibody against PD1. Growth of tumors was measured, and tumors were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. RESULTS: In human HCC specimens, we found an inverse correlation between level of MEF2D and numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells; level of MEF2D correlated with percentages of PD1-positive or TIM3-positive CD8+ T cells. Knockout of MEF2D from H22 cells reduced their growth as allograft tumors in immune-competent mice but not in immune-deficient mice or mice with depletion of CD8+ T cells. When MEF2D-knockout cells were injected into immune-competent mice, they formed smaller tumors that had increased infiltration and activation of T cells compared with control HCC cells. In human and mouse HCC cells, MEF2D knockdown or knockout reduced expression of PD-L1. MEF2D bound the promoter region of the CD274 gene (encodes PD-L1) and activated its transcription. Overexpression of p300 in HCC cells, or knockout of SIRT7, promoted acetylation of MEF2D and increased its binding, along with acetylated histones, to the promoter region of CD274. Exposure of HCC cells to IFNG induced expression of p300 and its binding MEF2D, which reduced the interaction between MEF2D and SIRT7. MEF2D-induced expression of PD-L1 upon IFNG exposure was independent of interferon-regulatory factors 1 or 9. In HCC cells not exposed to IFNG, SIRT7 formed a complex with MEF2D that attenuated expression of PD-L1. Knockout of SIRT7 reduced proliferation of HCC cells and growth of tumors in immune-deficient mice. Compared with allograft tumors grown from control HCC cells, in immune-competent mice, tumors grown from SIRT7-knockout HCC cells expressed higher levels of PD-L1 and had reduced infiltration and activation of T cells. In immune-competent mice given antibodies to PD1, allograft tumors grew more slowly from SIRT7-knockout HCC cells than from control HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of MEF2D by HCC cells increases their expression of PD-L1, which prevents CD8+ T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity. When HCC cells are exposed to IFNG, p300 acetylates MEF2D, causing it to bind the CD274 gene promoter and up-regulate PD-L1 expression. In addition to promoting HCC cell proliferation, SIRT7 reduced acetylation of MEF2D and expression of PD-L1 in HCC cells not exposed to IFNG. Strategies to manipulate this pathway might increase the efficacy of immune therapies for HCC.

12.
FEBS J ; 287(4): 783-799, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482685

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the main type of lung cancer, with a low 5-year survival rate because of the absence of effective clinical biomarkers for early diagnosis. Based on the immunosurveillance theory, we proposed that changes in the immune system are more pronounced than tumour-associated antigens during the early stage of cancer. Therefore, a new strategy was designed to screen early diagnostic biomarkers from peripheral leukocytes in early-stage NSCLCs with transcriptome sequencing. A total of 358 immune-related differentially expressed genes were identified between early-NSCLC patients and healthy individuals. Orosomucoid-1 (ORM1, a acute phase protein), the total ORM and chitotriosidase-1 (involved in degradation of chitobiose) were selected for further verification in 210 serum samples by western blotting, ELISA and nephelometry immunoassay (based on immuno-scatter turbidmetry). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis show that ORM1 and total ORM have excellent diagnostic efficacies, with area under the curve of 0.862 and 0.920, respectively, which significantly distinguished very early-NSCLC (IA) from healthy samples. Flow cytometry results showed that CD15+ neutrophils made up 73% of ORM1+ peripheral leukocytes. In mouse lung cancer model, serum ORM1, but not liver ORM1, changed significantly in the early stage of NSCLC. ORM1 expression in peripheral leukocytes was regulated by TGF-ß and mediated by the TGF-ß/Smad signalling pathway. Our results indicated that combined ORM and TGF-ß could be a promising clinical biomarker in the diagnosis of early NSCLC.

13.
Acta Haematol ; 143(1): 60-64, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302646

RESUMO

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is an extremely rare autosomal recessive bleeding disorder clinically characterized by macrothrombocytopenia and a mucocutaneous bleeding tendency. A 1-year-old Chinese patient who was born to consanguineous parents was diagnosed with early onset of BSS. Gene sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were conducted. We identified a novel homozygous missense mutation (c.790T>C) in the GP1BAgene that causes an amino acid residue substitution of a cysteine with an arginine that might have a deleterious effect on the protein function as predicted by bioinformatics analysis. If a patient has clinical manifestations that include recurrent mucocutaneous bleeding, a mean platelet volume and platelet-large cell ratio above normal levels, and giant platelets on a peripheral smear and has consanguineous parents, a diagnosis of BSS can be suspected. In these situations, gene sequencing for mutations in the GPIb-IX-V complex is necessary.

14.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Explored the mechanism of action of tanshinone IIA (TIIA) against atherosclerosis. METHODS: ApoE mice were divided into two groups of 10: model and TIIA. A control group of 10 wild-type mice was created. ApoE mice were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks. The TIIA group received TIIA once daily. Mice were anesthetized, blood collected by cardiac puncture, and the aortic sinus/arch collected for histology and molecular studies, respectively. RESULTS: Mice intima in the model group had large areas of plaque formation, serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) increased significantly, and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels decreased significantly in the model group after 12 weeks. Staining [hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Oil-Red-O] showed that the aorta had lesions, a higher degree of plaque formation, and considerable lipid deposition in model-group mice. After TIIA treatment, expression of HDL-C was increased significantly and that of TC, triglycerides and LDL-C decreased significantly, and plaque size and lipid deposition improved obviously. Analyses of protein phosphorylation in aortic tissue suggested that the transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) pathway was activated in TIIA-treated mice. CONCLUSION: TIIA can lower levels of serum lipids, stabilize atherosclerotic plaques, reduce endothelial injury, and inflammatory damage by activation of the TGF-ß/PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway.

15.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(11): 1131-1137, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD)-associated SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) polymorphism-expressing cell model, and to investigate its biological function. METHODS: The sequence of the SLC26A3 gene in GenBank was used to design the upstream and downstream single-guide RNA (sgRNA) that could specifically recognize the 392 locus of the SLC26A3 gene, and the sgRNA was mixed with the pSpCas9-puro vector after enzyme digestion to construct an eukaryotic recombinant expression plasmid (pSpCas9-SLC26A3). Caco-2 cells were transfected with the recombinant plasmid and synthesized single-stranded DNA oligonucleotides (ssODNs), and Taqman genotyping assay and Sanger sequencing were used to identify the expression of SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) in Caco-2 cells. Wild-type Caco-2 cells were selected as normal control group and the Caco-2 cells with successful expression of SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) was selected as P131R group. Both groups were treated with 100 ng/mL tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and then the normal control group was named as TNF-α group, and the P131R group was named as TNF-α+P131R group. Electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) assay was used to evaluate the change in the monolayer barrier function of intestinal epithelial cells in the above four groups, and Western blot was used to measure the change in the expression of SLC26A3 protein in the normal control group and the P131R group. RESULTS: The eukaryotic recombinant expression plasmid (pSpCas9-SLC26A3) was successfully constructed. Both Taqman genotyping assay and Sanger sequencing confirmed the successful establishment of the Caco-2 cell model of SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) expression. ECIS assay showed that compared with the normal control group, the P131R group had a significant increase in the monolayer permeability of intestinal epithelial cells (P<0.05), and at the same time, the P131R group had a significantly greater increase in cell membrane permeability after the induction with 100 ng/mL TNF-α (P<0.05). Western blot showed that compared with the normal control group, the P131R group had a significant reduction in the expression of SLC26A3 protein (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SLC26A3 c.392C>G (p.P131R) can reduce the expression of SLC26A3 protein, increase the monolayer permeability of intestinal epithelial cells, and thus lead to diarrhea.


Assuntos
Antiportadores de Cloreto-Bicarbonato/genética , Diarreia/congênito , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo , Transportadores de Sulfato/genética , Células CACO-2 , Diarreia/genética , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Junções Íntimas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
16.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(8): 702-706, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638567

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the changes and correlation between inflammation and Klotho expression in kidney tissue of mice with acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by cisplatin, and to explore the role and possible mechanism of Klotho in AKI induced by cisplatin. Methods Eighteen male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 0-day group, 1-day group and 3-day group with 6 mice in each group. The mice were killed at 0, 1 and 3 days after a single intraperitoneal injection of 25 mg/kg of cisplatin, and the serum and kidney tissues were collected. The content of serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured by biochemical analyzer, and the pathological changes of kidney tissues were observed by HE staining. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), Klotho, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), phosphorylated NF-kappa B (p-NF-κB) were detected by Western blot analysis. Spearman rank correlation test was used to analyze the correlations. Results The content of serum Scr and BUN in 1-day and 3-day groups were significantly higher than those in 0-day group, and inflammatory cell infiltration, renal tubular epithelial cell exfoliation, edema and accumulation of cell fragments were seen in 1-day and 3-day groups. In the 3-day group, the content of NGAL, TNF-α, NLRP3, p-STAT3, STAT3, p-NF-κB and NF-κB proteins in renal tissues significantly increased, and the expression of TNF-α, p-STAT3 and STAT3 increased in a time-dependent manner. The expression of Klotho decreased in a time-dependent manner in the 1-day and 3-day groups, and the expression of NGAL, TNF-α, NLRP3, p-STAT3, and p-NF-κB were significantly negatively correlated with the expression of Klotho. Conclusion The activation of STAT3/NF-κB pathway by Klotho is involved in the regulation of the occurrence and development of AKI induced by cisplatin in mice.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Cisplatino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glucuronidase , Rim , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucuronidase/genética , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória
17.
Front Pediatr ; 7: 380, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608265

RESUMO

Pneumonia poses a significant global morbidity and mortality burden on children. Etiological diagnosis and matched anti-microbial therapy are particularly important for very severe pneumonia. Although great advances have been achieved in diagnostic approaches, it remains challenging to identify pathogens in unexplained pneumonia (UP) cases. In this study, we applied next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and a metagenomic approach to detect and characterize respiratory bactiera in an UP case in infant. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was the only bacterial pathogen detected in blood. Metagenomic sequencing also provided bacteria genomic sequences, which could be used to evaluate the role of this pathogen in the disease. This NGS method has the potential to improve the identification of causative organisms in patients with pneumonia and the delivery of appropriate, pathogen-directed antibiotic therapy.

18.
Fitoterapia ; 138: 104350, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473333

RESUMO

Three new bibenzyl derivatives (bletstrins A-C, 1-3), including two bibenzyls that have hydroxyl-substituted chiral centers on the aliphatic bibenzyl bridge, along with eighteen known stilbenoids (4-21) were isolated from the tubers of Bletilla striata. The structures of new compounds were elucidated by the use of 1D/2D NMR spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of bletitrins A and B were determined by optical rotation value. Compounds 13-16 were isolated from the Orchidaceae for the first time. Most of the isolated compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activities against three gram-positive bacterial strains and one gram-negative bacterial strain. Compounds 4, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 18 showed potent inhibitory activities, with MICs of (6-52 µg/mL) against S. aureus ATCC 6538.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Orchidaceae/química , Tubérculos/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Bibenzilas/isolamento & purificação , Bibenzilas/farmacologia , China , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/isolamento & purificação
19.
Nanotechnology ; 30(50): 505201, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491784

RESUMO

Because of extreme three-dimensional field confinement and easy electrically tunability, plasmons in graphene nanostructures are promising candidates for many applications, such as biosensing, photodetectors and modulators. However, up to now, graphene plasmons have been explored mostly on substrates. Scatterers, corrugations and dopants induced by substrates not only add damping to plasmons but also obscure the intrinsic electronic properties of graphene. In this work, the near-field response of surface plasmons of suspended graphene circular resonators is studied with the scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy under different excitation wavelengths, λ = 10.653 and 10.22 µm, respectively. Fundamental and higher order breathing plasmon modes are revealed in real-space with the Fermi energy of graphene of only 0.132 eV. Moreover, the direct experimental evidence on near-field electric tuning in suspended graphene resonators is demonstrated by using back-gate tuning. Our work not only provides a foundation to truly understand the properties of electrons inside pure graphene, but shines light on the applications in optoelectronic devices with suspended two-dimensional materials.

20.
Carcinogenesis ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560739

RESUMO

CLIC4 has been implicated in different types of cancers, but the role of CLIC4 in the development of gastric cancer (GC) remains unknown. We analyzed the expression of CLIC4 in 102 pairs of gastric adenocarcinomas by Western blot and RT-PCR. Our data revealed that the expression of CLIC4 is reduced in GC tumor tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. The expression levels of CLIC4 correlate inversely with the clinical stage of GC. CLIC4 expression is lowest in MKN45 cells,which have the highest tumorigenic potential and express the highest levels of cancer stem cell markers CD44 and OCT4, compared to N87 and AGS cells. Exogenous overexpression of CLIC4 downregulated the expression of CD44, OCT4, and inhibited migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Moreover, anchorage-independent growth of GC cells was decreased and the cells became more sensitive to 5-fluorouracil and etoposide treatment when CLIC4 was overexpressed. The ability of N87 cells to form tumors in nude mice was enhanced when CLIC4 was silenced. We, for the first time, demonstrate that CLIC4 suppresses tumor growth by inhibiting cancer cell stemness and EMT.

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