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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients are being diagnosed with multiple ground glass opacities (GGOs), but a consensus on the treatment of these patients is still lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of a novel technique, electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB)-guided microwave ablation combined with uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (Uni-VATS), in patients with multiple GGOs. METHODS: The clinical, radiographic, surgical, and pathological data of patients with multiple GGOs who underwent ENB-guided microwave ablation combined with Uni-VATS from October 2018 to December 2019 were reviewed. RESULTS: Eleven patients with multiple GGOs underwent ENB-guided microwave ablation combined with Uni-VATS, including 6 males and 5 females with a mean age of 61.3±5.1 (53-68) years. Thirty-seven lesions were observed in the 11 patients, 21 of which were microwave ablated and 16 of which were surgically resected. Only one patient developed postoperative pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema and was successfully discharged from the hospital after symptomatic treatment. The success rate and efficiency of microwave ablation under ENB guidance were 100%, with no other serious complications or procedure-related deaths occurring. No local metastasis or recurrence occurred in any patients during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: ENB-guided microwave ablation combined with Uni-VATS is safe and feasible in patients with multiple GGOs suspected of having multiple primary lung cancers, and may represent an alternative approach for more patients, particularly patients who cannot tolerate the simultaneous resection of multiple tumors.

2.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High prevalence of minimal change lesion (MCL) in nonerosive reflux esophagitis (NERD) patients is commonly recognized by many endoscopists. However, it is difficult to detect MCL with conventional white-light imaging (WLI) endoscopy. Linked color imaging (LCI), a novel image-enhanced endoscopy technology with strong, unique color enhancement, is used for easy recognition of early gastric cancer and detection of Helicobacter pylori infection. The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of LCI and WLI endoscopy in evaluating MCL in patients with NER. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients with NERD and 38 subjects with nongastroesophageal reflux disease (non-GERD) were recruited in this study between August 2017 and July 2018. During upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, the distal 5 cm of the esophageal mucosal morphology at the squamocolumnar junction was visualized using WLI followed by LCI. MCL was defined as areas of erythema, blurring of the Z-line, friability, decreased vascularity, white turbid discoloration, and edema or accentuation of the mucosal folds. Three experienced endoscopists evaluated the color patterns for MCL on WLI images and on WLI combined with LCI images in both groups. A biopsy was taken 2 cm above the esophagogastric junction. Histologic slides were scored by a pathologist in a blinded manner. RESULTS: The proportion of MCL was higher in the patients with NERD (70.7%, 29/41) than in patients with non-GERD (39.5%, 15/38) using WLI combined with LCI. In 12 patients with NERD, both WLI and LCI showed normal mucosa. The MCL detection rate was significantly higher when using WLI combined with LCI than when using WLI (70.7% vs. 51.2%, P=0.039) in patients with NERD. The histopathologic score of MCL (+) was significantly higher than that of MCL (-) patients in both the NERD group (4.59±0.32 vs. 2.36±0.34, P<0.01) and the non-GERD group (3.47±0.50 vs. 2.00±0.28, P<0.01). The intraobserver reproducibility levels and interobserver agreement were better with LCI than with WLI alone. CONCLUSIONS: Frequency of MCL was higher in patients with NERD than in those with non-GERD. MCL can be identified by using WLI combined with LCI in patients with NERD. By enhancing endoscopic images, LCI is more sensitive in detecting MCL compared with WLI.

3.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 28(2): 464-477, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A low appropriate therapy rate indicates that a minority of patients will benefit from their implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Quantitative measurements from 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) may predict ventricular arrhythmia (VA) occurrence after ICD placement. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study and recruited patients who required ICD placement. Pre-procedure image scans were performed. Patients were followed up for VA occurrence. Associations between image results and VA were analyzed. RESULTS: In 51 patients (33 males, 53.9 ± 17.2 years) analyzed, 17 (33.3%) developed VA. Compared with patients without VA, patients with VA had significantly larger values in scar area (17.7 ± 12.4% vs. 7.0 ± 7.9%), phase standard deviation (51.4° ± 14.0° vs. 34.0° ± 15.0°), bandwidth (172.9° ± 39.8° vs. 128.7° ± 49.9°), sum thickening score (STS, 29.5 ± 11.1 vs. 17.8 ± 13.2), and sum motion score (42.9 ± 11.5 vs. 33.0 ± 19.0). Cox regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that scar size, dyssynchrony, and STS were associated with VA occurrence (HR, 4.956, 95% CI 1.70-14.46). CONCLUSION: Larger left ventricular scar burden, increased dyssynchrony, and higher STS quantified by 18F-FDG PET may indicate a higher VA incidence after ICD placement.

4.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To alleviate the severe limitation of the prohibitively long process of immune-fluorescence labeling on the routine applications of revolutionary intact tissue clearing techniques in diverse biomedical arenas. METHODS: We proposed an easily adaptable approach, electro-enhanced rapid staining (EERS), for highly efficient and fast immuno-labeling of thick clarified tissues. In EERS, an optimized and precisely controlled weak external electric field is engineered into a compact device to enable efficient and uniform transport of antibodies into clarified tissues while minimizing the detrimental effect of macromolecular crowding at the tissue-solution interface. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results show that, with EERS, a current density of only ~0.2 mA mm-2 is sufficient to achieve uniform labeling of clarified tissues of several millimeters thick in a few hours without detectable tissue damage. In addition, the amount of antibodies required is also several-fold lower than conventional immuno-labeling assays under comparable conditions. SIGNIFICANCE: It is expected that the implementation of EERS in most laboratories should significantly expedite the application of tissue clearing in a broad range of research explorations, both basic and clinical.

5.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 11-20, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356727

RESUMO

CONTEXT: α-Hederin, a potent bioactive compound of Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge) Regel (Ranunculaceae), has many pharmacological uses, but its effect on cancer cell metabolism is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of α-hederin in the glucose metabolism of lung cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell Counting Kit 8 and colony formation assays were employed to assess the antiproliferative effects of α-hederin. Glucose uptake, ATP generation, and lactate production were measured. Glycolysis-related proteins were detected using western blotting, and a sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) inhibitor was used to verify A549 cell proliferation. Sixty male BALB/c nude mice were divided into normal control, 5-FU (25 mg/kg), and α-hederin (5 and 10 mg/kg) groups to assess the antitumor effect for 32 days. Glycolysis-related protein expression was evaluated using immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: α-Hederin inhibited A549 (IC50 = 13.75 µM), NCI-H460 (IC50 = 17.57 µM), and NCI-H292 (IC50 = 18.04 µM) proliferation; inhibited glucose uptake and ATP generation; and reduced lactate production. Furthermore, α-hederin (10 and 15 µM) markedly inhibited hexokinase 2, glucose transporter 1, pyruvate kinase M2, lactate dehydrogenase A, monocarboxylate transporter, c-Myc, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, and activated SIRT6 protein expression. Using a SIRT6 inhibitor, we demonstrated that α-hederin inhibits glycolysis by activating SIRT6. A tumour xenograft mouse model of lung cancer confirmed that α-hederin (5 and 10 mg/kg) inhibits lung cancer growth by inhibiting glycolysis in vivo. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: α-Hederin inhibits A549 cell growth by inhibiting SIRT6-dependent glycolysis. α-Hederin might serve as a potential agent to suppress cancer.

6.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105324, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276100

RESUMO

Based on the role of ATG7 in the initiation of autophagy, autophagy can be divided into ATG7-dependent selective autophagy and ATG7-independent alternative autophagy. However, the detailed roles of two different types of autophagy in antitumor therapy have not been fully elucidated so far. Here, we for the first time demonstrated an investigational inducer, w09, could induce both selective autophagy and alternative autophagy in NSCLC, but the phenotypes of these two kinds of autophagy are different:(1) w09-induced selective autophagy mainly promoted cell apoptosis, while w09-triggered alternative autophagy markedly induced autophagic cell death in NSCLC;(2) w09-induced ATG7 dependent autophagy mainly promoted the accumulation of SQSTM1/p62, while w09-triggered ATG7 independent autophagy markedly accelerated the degradation of SQSTM1/p62. These above results were further confirmed by knockout ATG7 gene in A549 cells or restoration of ATG7 function in H1650 cells. Deletion of ATG7 gene markedly attenuated the effect of w09-induced autophagy or apoptosis on A549 cells, while restoration of functional ATG7 markedly enhanced the effect of w09-induced autophagy and apoptosis on H1650 cells. Mechanistically, we further revealed that w09 induced two different types of autophagy through inhibiting PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Notably, compared with A549WT xenograft model, the in vivo antitumor effect of w09 or Taxel on the ATG7-deficient A549 xenograft model was significantly attenuated. Therefore, a special attention must be paid to distinguish which kinds of autophagy have been induced by autophagy inducers with antitumor agents by targeting PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.

7.
Pharm Biol ; 58(1): 1156-1166, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222562

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The Traditional Chinese herb medicine Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Fabaceae), exerted a protective effect on myocardial ischaemia. Latifolin is a neoflavonoid extracted from Dalbergia odorifera. It has been reported to have the effects of anti-inflammation and cardiomyocyte protection. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether latifolin can improve myocardial infarction (MI) through attenuating myocardial inflammatory and to explore its possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Left coronary artery was ligated to induce a rat model of MI, and the rats were treated with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) or different doses of latifolin (25, 50, 100 mg/kg/d) by oral gavage for 28 days. Serum contents of myocardial enzyme were measured at seven and fourteen days after treatment. Cardiac function, infarct size, histopathological changes and inflammatory cells infiltration was assessed at 28 days after treatment. Western blotting was used to investigate the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Latifolin treatment markedly decreased the contents of myocardial enzymes, and increased left ventricular ejection fraction (85.27% vs. 59.11%) and left ventricular fractional shortening (62.71% vs. 45.53%). Latifolin was found to significantly reduced infarction size (27.78% vs. 39.07%), myocardial fibrosis and the numbers of macrophage infiltration (436 cells/mm2 vs. 690 cells/mm2). In addition, latifolin down-regulated the expression levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (0.95-fold), phospho-nuclear factor-κB (0.2-fold) and interleukin-6 (1.11-fold). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Latifolin can protect against myocardial infarction by improving myocardial inflammation through the HIF-1α/NF-κB/IL-6 signalling pathway. Accordingly, latifolin may be a promising drug for pharmacological treatment of ischaemic cardiovascular disease.

8.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrant activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by dysregulated post-translational protein modifications, especially ubiquitination is causally linked to cancer development and progression. Although Lys48-linked ubiquitination is known to regulate Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, it remains largely obscure how other types of ubiquitination, such as linear ubiquitination governs its signaling activity. METHODS: The expression and regulatory mechanism of linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling was examined by immunoprecipitation, western blot and immunohistochemical staining. The ubiquitination status of ß-catenin was detected by ubiquitination assay. The impacts of SHARPIN, a core component of LUBAC on malignant behaviors of gastric cancer cells were determined by various functional assays in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Unlike a canonical role in promoting linear ubiquitination, SHARPIN specifically interacts with ß-catenin to maintain its protein stability. Mechanistically, SHARPIN competes with the E3 ubiquitin ligase ß-Trcp1 for ß-catenin binding, thereby decreasing ß-catenin ubiquitination levels to abolish its proteasomal degradation. Importantly, SHARPIN is required for invasiveness and malignant growth of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, a function that is largely dependent on its binding partner ß-catenin. In line with these findings, elevated expression of SHARPIN in gastric cancer tissues is associated with disease malignancy and correlates with ß-catenin expression levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal a novel molecular link connecting linear ubiquitination machinery and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling via SHARPIN-mediated stabilization of ß-catenin. Targeting the linear ubiquitination-independent function of SHARPIN could be exploited to inhibit the hyperactive ß-catenin signaling in a subset of human gastric cancers.

9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 863, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While hospital-acquired influenza A results in an additional cost burden and considerable mortality in patients, its risk factors are unknown. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients vulnerable to hospital-acquired influenza A and to identify its risk factors to assist clinicians control hospital-acquired infections and reduce the burden of treatment. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among hospitalized patients aged ≥18 years at a tertiary level teaching hospital during the 2018-2019 influenza A season. Patient data were retrieved from hospital-based electronic medical records. Hospital-acquired influenza A was defined as a case of influenza A diagnosed 7 days or more after admission, in a patient with no evidence of influenza A infection on admission. The controls without influenza A were selected among patients exposed to the same setting and time period. We identified risk factors using conditional logistic regression and described the characteristics of hospital-acquired influenza A by comparing the clinical data of infected patients and the controls. RESULTS: Of the 412 hospitalized patients with influenza A from all the departments in the study hospital, 93 (22.6%) cases were classified as hospital-acquired. The most common comorbidities of the 93 cases were hypertension (41.9%), coronary heart disease (21.5%), and cerebrovascular disease (20.4%). Before the onset of hospital-acquired influenza A, patients presented more lymphocytopenia (51.6% vs 35.5%, P = 0.027), hypoalbuminemia (78.5% vs 57.0%, P = 0.002), and pleural effusion (26.9% vs 9.7%, P = 0.002) than the matched controls. Infected patients also had longer hospital stays (18 days vs 14 days, P = 0.002), and higher mortality rates (10.8% vs 2.2%, P = 0.017) than the matched controls. Lymphocytopenia (odds ratio [OR]: 3.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.24-7.80; P = 0.016), hypoalbuminemia (OR: 2.24; 95% CI: 1.10-4.57; P = 0.027), and pleural effusion (OR: 3.09; 95% CI: 1.26-7.58; P = 0.014) were independently associated with hospital-acquired influenza A. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia and pleural effusion are independent risk factors that can help identify patients at high risk of hospital-acquired influenza A, which can extend hospital stay and is associated with a high mortality.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Comorbidade , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Thorac Oncol ; 15(12): e193-e194, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246601
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084179

RESUMO

Owing to the challenges to acquire detailed spatial information of gut bacteria in situ, three-dimensional (3D) microbiota distributions in the gut remain largely uncharted. Here, we propose a tissue clearing-based and D-amino acid labeling-facilitated (TiDaL) strategy that combines a novel microbiota in vivo labeling protocol, CUBIC-based tissue clearing and whole-mount tissue imaging, to achieve 3D imaging of indigenous gut microbiota. We demonstrate high-resolution 3D acquisition of their biogeography in different gut sections, and present quantitative spatial details in relation to the host epithelium. We unexpectedly observe microbiota in the small intestine crypts, which were thought to be bacteria-free. Significant bacterial overgrowth in the first two-thirds of the small intestine is detected in an enteritis model. We expect that this quantitative 3D imaging strategy for native gut microbiota will provide insightful information into the host-microbiota interactions.

12.
J Thorac Oncol ; 15(10): e173-e174, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981610
13.
JMIR Form Res ; 4(9): e16800, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults demonstrate the highest rate of unrestrained motor vehicle fatalities, making the promotion of seat belt restraint a priority for public health practitioners. Because social media use among adolescents and young adults has proliferated in recent years, it is critical to explore how to use this tool to promote seat belt use among this population. Social media posts can contain various types of information within each post and this information can be communicated using different modalities. OBJECTIVE: In this study, based on the elaboration likelihood model, we aimed to examine how adolescents and young adults reacted to different appeals in various components of posts in the pilot of a promotion intervention on the Instagram BuckleUp4Life account. METHODS: Using thematic analysis, we examined different appeals in 3 components (photo, text, and caption) of 199 posts in BuckleUp4Life and compared the number of likes for different appeals. RESULTS: We found that 6 appeals were used in the posts: rational, ego, social, fun, positive emotional, and fear appeals. The results of our study showed that in photos, fun appeals were the most popular. Rational and positive emotional appeals were the most appealing in text and captions. Regardless of the location of the components (photo, text, or captions), rational appeal was the most popular appeal. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of our study, we recommend that public health practitioners utilize fun photos with rational and positive emotional appeals in text and captions rather than fear or social appeals, when promoting seat belt use through social media, especially Instagram.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934661

RESUMO

Introduction. Stable angina (SA) in coronary heart disease is a common ischemic heart disease endangering the patient's quality of life and longevity. Clinical trials have demonstrated that the Chinese herbal formula Xuefu Zhuyu (XFZY) has benefits for SA patients. However, there remains a lack of high-quality evidence to support clinical decision-making. Therefore, we designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XFZY for SA. Methods and Analysis. This multicenter, double-blinded RCT will be conducted in China. 152 eligible participants will be randomly assigned to either an XFZY group or a control group at a 1 : 1 ratio. Participants in the XFZY group will receive XFZY plus routine care, while those in the control group will receive placebo plus routine care. The study period is 26 weeks, including a 2-week run-in period, a 12-week treatment period, and a 12-week follow-up. The primary outcome is the change in visual analogue scale score for angina pain intensity from baseline to 12 weeks. The secondary outcomes are the angina attack frequency and duration, the nitroglycerin dosage consumed, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading of effort angina, the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, the EuroQol-5-Dimensions-5-Level, the incidence of major adverse cardiac events, health cost evaluation, and overall assessment for study drugs. Ethics and Dissemination. The study has been approved by the ethics committee of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine (approval no. BF2019-175-01). Results will be submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and disseminated at scientific conferences. This trial is registered with ChiCTR1900026899, registered on 26 October 2019.

15.
Eur J Radiol ; 131: 109247, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891974

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aimed to investigate whether isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation status in gliomas can be estimated by volume-based histogram analysis of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative DCE-MRI data of 85 pathologically confirmed glioma patients including 33 carrying IDH1 mutant type (IDH1mut) and 52 with IDH1 wildtype (IDH1wt) were reviewed in a retrospective approach. Regions of interest (ROI) covering entire tumor volume were manually delineated using O.K. software (OmniKinetics, GE Healthcare, China). Histogram parameters of volume transfer constant (Ktrans) and volume of extravascular /extracellular space per unit volume of tissue (Ve) derived from DCE-MRI were obtained. Mann-Whitney U tests were made to compare the differences in histogram parameters of Ktrans and Ve between IDH1mut and IDH1wt in all gliomas and high-grade gliomas (HGGs, grade III and IV). Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis were implemented to assess the diagnostic performance. RESULTS: In histogram parameters of Ktrans and Ve, pairwise comparisons demonstrated statistically significant differences in mean, standard deviation (SD), 90th and 95th percentiles (90%, 95%) values between IDH1mut and IDH1wt in all cases of gliomas and HGGs (P < 0.05, respectively). The ROC analysis revealed that the cut-off values of 95% value of Ktrans (0.097 min-1) and mean value of Ve (0.099) provided the best combination of sensitivity and specificity to distinguish all gliomas with IDH1mut from IDH1wt. In HGGs, the cut-off values of mean value of Ktrans and Ve (0.044 min-1, 0.099) played similar role. CONCLUSION: Volume-based histogram analysis of DCE-MRI performs well in identification of IDH1mut gliomas.

16.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 383, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is involved in regulating physiological processes in plants. We investigated how H2S ameliorates iron (Fe) deficiency in soybean (Glycine max L.) seedlings. Multidisciplinary approaches including physiological, biochemical and molecular, and transcriptome methods were used to investigate the H2S role in regulating Fe availability in soybean seedlings. RESULTS: Our results showed that H2S completely prevented leaf interveinal chlorosis and caused an increase in soybean seedling biomass under Fe deficiency conditions. Moreover, H2S decreased the amount of root-bound apoplastic Fe and increased the Fe content in leaves and roots by regulating the ferric-chelate reductase (FCR) activities and Fe homeostasis- and sulphur metabolism-related gene expression levels, thereby promoting photosynthesis in soybean seedlings. In addition, H2S changed the plant hormone concentrations by modulating plant hormone-related gene expression abundances in soybean seedlings grown in Fe-deficient solution. Furthermore, organic acid biosynthesis and related genes expression also played a vital role in modulating the H2S-mediated alleviation of Fe deficiency in soybean seedlings. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that Fe deficiency was alleviated by H2S through enhancement of Fe acquisition and assimilation, thereby regulating plant hormones and organic acid synthesis in plants.

17.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(3): 370-375, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616134

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the computed tomographc(CT)features of mild/moderate and severe/critical cases of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)in the recovery phase. Methods Totally 63 discharged patients in Wuhan,China,who underwent both chest CT and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)from February 1 to February 29,2020,were included.With RT-PCR as a gold standard,the performance of chest CT in diagnosing COVID-19 was assessed.Patients were divided into mild/moderate and severe/critical groups according to the disease conditions,and clinical features such as sex,age,symptoms,hospital stay,comorbidities,and oxygen therapy were collected.CT images in the recovery phase were reviewed in terms of time from onset,CT features,location of lesions,lobe score,and total CT score. Results There were 37 patients in the mild/moderate group and 26 in the severe/critical group. Compared with the mild/moderate patients,the severe/critical patients had older age [(43±16) years vs. (52±16) years; t=2.10, P=0.040], longer hospital stay [(15±6)d vs. (19±7)d; t=2.70, P=0.009], higher dyspnea ratio (5.41% vs. 53.85%; χ2=18.90, P<0.001), lower nasal oxygen therapy ratio (81.08% vs. 19.23%;χ2=23.66, P<0.001), and higher bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation ratio (0 vs. 57.69%; χ2=25.62, P<0.001). Time from onset was (23±6) days in severe/critical group, significantly longer than that in mild/moderate group [(18±7) days] (t=3.40, P<0.001). Severe/critical patients had significantly higher crazy-paving pattern ratio (46.15% vs.10.81%;χ2=4.24, P=0.039) and lower ground-glass opacities ratio (15.38% vs. 67.57%; χ2=16.74, P<0.001) than the mild/moderate patients. The proportion of lesions in peripheral lung was significantly higher in mild/moderate group than in severe/critical group (78.38% vs.34.61%; χ2=13.43, P<0.001), and the proportion of diffusely distributed lesions was significantly higher in severe/critical group than in mild/moderate group (65.38% vs.10.81%; χ2=20.47, P<0.001). Total CT score in severe/critical group was also significantly higher in severe/critical group than in mild/moderate group [11 (8,17) points vs. 7 (4,9) points; Z=3.81, P<0.001]. Conclusions The CT features in the recovery stage differ between mild/moderate and severe/critical COVID-19 patients.The lung infiltration is remarkably more severe in the latter.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , Idoso , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Acta Clin Belg ; : 1-8, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of BACTEC FX, BacT/ALERT 3D, and VIRTUO systems using simulated blood culture (BC). METHODS: Two experimental designs based on 'with' or 'without' added trough antibiotic concentrations in bottles were implemented. RESULTS: For the experiment A, A shorter time to detection (TTD) was observed for most of organisms (17/22) in VIRTUO system. VIRTUO system was also faster than 3D and FX systems no matter in aerobic and anaerobic bottles. The anaerobic bottles had faster detection than aerobic bottles in 3D system (13.68 h vs 15.36 h, P < 0.001) and VIRTUO system (10.30 h vs 12.46 h, P = 0.001) but not in FX system (P = 0.38). When antibiotics were present, the bacterial recovery rate (RR) of FX, 3D and VIRTUO systems were 64.10% (50/78), 58.97% (46/78) and 43.59% (34/78), respectively (P = 0.027). the bacterial RR of various bottles were as follows: BPA vs. FA vs. SA [84.44%(38/45) vs. 55.56%(25/45) vs. 42.22(19/45), P < 0.001]; BFN vs. FN vs. SN [36.36%(12/33) vs. 63.64%(21/33) vs.45.45%(15/33), P = 0.078]. CONCLUSIONS: The VIRTUO system allowed faster growth detection for most of organisms compared with FX and 3D systems. When antibiotics were present, the bottles containing antibiotic-binding agent showed better bacterial RR, especially in BACTEC Plus Aerobic/F bottles.

19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 245: 116463, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718602

RESUMO

In this work, cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are produced from bagasse pulps with differing hemicelluloses contents by ultrafine grinding and high-pressure homogenization. The results showed that hemicelluloses content in the range of 9.7-21.7 wt.% led to nanofibrils with average diameter. A decrease in hemicelluloses content can enhance the crystallinity and improve the thermal stability of the CNFs. The activation energy of the CNF samples with hemicelluloses contents of 9.7 wt.%, 12.72 wt.%, 15.7 wt.%, 18.76 wt.%, and 21.7 wt.% are 713.03, 518.93, 462.62, 421.78, and 211.11 kJ/mol, respectively, when the conversion rate is increased from 30%-90%. These results demonstrate that hemicelluloses content has a considerable influence on the properties of CNFs. This work provides a theoretical basis for high-value utilization of CNFs, and enriches useful information on the application of CNF materials.

20.
FASEB J ; 34(8): 11168-11184, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638441

RESUMO

Macrophages in lung, including resident alveolar macrophages (AMs) and interstitial macrophages (IMs), and monocyte-derived macrophages, play important roles in pulmonary fibrosis (PF), but mechanisms underlying their differential regulation remain unclear. Recombination signal-binding protein Jκ (RBP-J)-mediated Notch signaling regulates macrophage development and phenotype. Here, using bleomycin-induced fibrosis model combined with myeloid-specific RBP-J disruption (RBP-JcKO ) mouse, we investigated the role of Notch signaling in macrophages during PF. Compared with the control, RBP-JcKO mice exhibited alleviated lung fibrosis as manifested by reduced collagen deposition and inflammation, and decreased TGF-ß production. FACS analysis suggested that decreased Ly6clo MHCIIhi AMs might make the major contribution to attenuated fibrogenesis in RBP-JcKO mice, probably by reduced inflammatory factor release and enhanced matrix metalloproteinases expression. Using clodronate-mediated macrophage depletion in RBP-JckO mice, we demonstrated that embryonic-derived AMs play negligible role in lung fibrosis, which was further supported by adoptive transfer experiments. Moreover, on CCR2 knockout background, the effect of RBP-J deficiency on fibrogenesis was not elicited, suggesting that Notch regulated monocyte-derived AMs. Co-culture experiment showed that monocyte-derived AMs from RBP-JcKO mice exhibit reduced myofibroblast activation due to decreased TGF-ß secretion. In conclusion, monocyte-derived Ly6clo MHCIIhi AMs, which are regulated by RBP-J-mediated Notch signaling, play an essential role in lung fibrosis.

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