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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117389, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377683

RESUMO

Rational design chelating fluorescent sensors probing metal ions in biological system are continuously hot essays nowadays, especially for zinc detection. Herein, a naphthylideneimine based zinc fluorescence probe (3) was prepared and characterized in this work. Structural features and optical properties of 3 and its metallic complexes were characterized. Fluorescent experiment indicates 3 is extremely sensitive and selective for Zn2+ with a strong fluorescence enhancement (∼34 folds) in aqueous buffer solution with a limit of detection (LOD) of 3.78 × 10-7 mol L-1. Formation constant (logKa) of the chelating complex of 3 and Zn2+ ion was determined to be 4.45. Theoretical studies were carried out to get deep insight into the response mechanism in the sensing process. Density functional theory (DFT) methods calculated formation Gibbs free energy (ΔrGmÓ©) of the deprotonated complexes model (32- ⊃ Zn) is -2.9 kcal/mol, which is in good agreement with the experimental result. The calculation results show that the low excitation states can be ascribe to S0 → T2 and S0 → S1 at 390-430 nm and 310-330 nm, respectively, due to the π → π∗ transition. Finally, yeast cell imaging experiments indicate that 3 can monitor intracellular Zn2+ as well. These findings would enable this fluorescent probe to be used as a Zinc sensor.

2.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 334-341, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate mental and physical health comorbidity with chronic back or neck pain in the Chinese population, and assess the level of disability associated with chronic back or neck pain. METHODS: Data were derived from a large-scale and nationally representative community survey of adult respondents on mental health disorders in China (n = 28,140). Chronic back or neck pain, other chronic pain conditions and chronic physical conditions were assessed by self-report. Mental disorders were assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Role disability during the past 30 days was assessed with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS-II). RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of chronic back or neck pain was 10.8%. Most of respondents with chronic back or neck pain (71.2%) reported at least one other comorbid condition, including other chronic pain conditions (53.4%), chronic physical conditions (37.9%), and mental disorders (23.9%). It was found by logistic regression that mood disorders (OR = 3.7, 95%CI:2.8-4.8) showed stronger association with chronic back or neck pain than anxiety disorders and substance disorders. Most common chronic pains and physical conditions were significantly associated with chronic back or neck pain. Chronic back or neck pain was associated with role disability after controlling for demographics and for comorbidities. Physical and mental comorbidities explained 0.7% of the association between chronic back or neck pain and role disability. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic back or neck pain and physical-mental comorbidity is very common in China and chronic back or neck pain may increase the likelihood of other physical and mental diseases. This presents a great challenge for both clinical treatment and public health education. We believe that further study needs to be conducted to improve the diagnostic and management skills for comorbidity conditions.

3.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110224, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761194

RESUMO

Multi-drug resistance (MDR) remains the main culprit for the low survival rate of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Photothermal-therapy (PPT) is effective to kill MDR tumor cells, but fails to completely eradicate tumors. In this study, we prepared a nanocomposite based on gold nanorod core with triple layer coating (GNRs/mSiO2/PHIS/TPGS/DOX) to combat multidrug resistant (MDR) colorectal cancer via multi-strategies. We first synthesized the mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (GNRs/mSiO2), and loaded with antitumor drug doxorubicin (DOX) to realize a combination of chemo- and photothermal-therapy. To reverse DOX resistance, pH responsive poly-histidine (PHIS) was conjugated on GNRs/mSiO2 to increase drug intracellular accumulation via efficient endo/lysosome escape; d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) was then assembled on the surface of the particles to realize drug intracellular retention by inhibition P-glycoprotein. The results showed that the nanocomposite exhibited a highly efficient photothermal conversion in the NIR region, a pH and NIR triggered drug release profile and an increment of DOX intracellular accumulation and cytotoxicity on MDR SW620/Ad300 cells. Most importantly, the nanocomposite showed the most potent antitumor efficacy without obvious systemic toxicity comparing to other control groups with either chemo- or photothermal therapy alone on SW620/Ad300 tumor bearing mice. Altogether, the successful preparation of the nanocomposite and its potent efficacy might provide evidence for the future design and develop of nano-therapeutic system in the treatment of MDR colorectal cancer.

4.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 62: 104671, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698020

RESUMO

Under strictly Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, novel tobacco products are going to be promising alterations to consumers and manufactures. Even though the novel tobacco products have been considered less harmful than traditional tobaccos, there is a few knowledges about the subsequent substances during consume and their impacts to the consumers due to short introduction into the market. Thus, the present study aims to investigate the adverse effects of novel tobacco products on Caenorhabditis elegans(C. elegans) and to provide relevant references for novel tobacco products toxicity research and assessment. C. elegans individuals at L4 stage were exposed to different kinds of novel tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes liquid (e-liquid), the extract of e-cig aerosol (e-aerosol), mint and black tea flavor snus. After specific exposure time, the multiple toxic endpoints of C. elegans were measured, including acute toxicity, locomotion behavior, body length, and life-span. The oxidative stress was tested too. According to acute toxicity assays, the half lethal dose of four novel tobacco products calculated from theoretical nicotine concentration, ranked as follows e-liquid (0.29 mg/ml) > the extract of e-cig aerosol (0.43 mg/ml) > mint flavor snus (1.20 mg/ml) > black tea flavor snus (1.50 mg/ml). The equivalent lethal rate 5%~20% of four novel tobacco products were applied to following experiments. These novel tobacco products damaged nematode's locomotion including head thrashing and body bending, the damage was most evident in two flavors of snus. The similar trends were found in reproductive performance investigation. At tested concentrations, the retardation development of C. elegans was found throughout all stages with peak blockage at adulthood. Life-span tests showed that novel tobacco products at 5% lethal rate seemed no significant effect on affected the life-span of nematodes, with snus shortened the lifespan of C. elegans at 20% lethal rate. Imaging stress response indicted four types of tobacco productions causing stress response in C. elegans. Exposed to either 5% or 20% lethal levels (5% and 20%), the percentages of worms with DAF-16 redistribution among all groups varied, with higher frequencies in both snus. Summary, novel tobacco products caused multiple adverse impacts to C. elegans, including acute toxicity, locomotion behavior disruption, brood size reduction, development retardation, and life-span reduction. The toxicity was associated with both the feature and concentration of tobacco products, and oxidative stress was the main mechanism.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 246: 112231, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520671

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Liangxue Tongyu Prescription (LTP) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula composed of 8 crude drugs that is widely used to treat acute intracerebral hemorrhage (AICH). AIM OF THE STUDY: To verify the efficacy of LTP on the survival time in the treatment of acute intracerebral hemorrhagic rats (AICHs), and to elucidate its network pharmacodynamic mechanism of multi-component, multi-target, and multi-signaling pathways. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survival analysis was used to evaluate the survival time of AICH rats induced by different doses of collagenase and the efficacy of three doses of LTP in the treatment of AICH rats. The Kaplan-Meier curves for survival time were produced and compared with the Log-rank test and Wilcoxon (Gehan) χ2. Differential mRNA-seq combined with network pharmacology was used to disclose the network effect mechanism of LTP on AICH, and the obtained differential genes were mapped into the predictive empirical compound-target network model (ECT network model) and the empirical compound-target-pathogenesis (disease) network model (ECTP network model). RESULTS: The median survival time of four different doses of LTP-treated groups (0.00 g/kg, 5.78 g/kg, 11.55 g/kg, 23.10 g/kg) for adult AICH rats by 0.18 U collagenase was 14 h, 37 h, 150 h, and 51 h respectively, and the 7-day survival rates were 33.3%, 41.7%, 50.0%, and 38.5%, of which the medium-dose group (MD) had a longer survival time and higher survival rate. Through further validation experiments, the MD group had a better efficacy trend with a median survival time of 168 h vs 23 h in the model control group (MC) (Wilcoxon Gehan Test, χ2 = 3.478, P = 0.062). The transcriptomic analysis of mRNA showed that 583 significant differential genes were found between the MC and MD group and 7 key therapeutic targets regulated by 29 compounds in LTP on AICH were screened out by VCT and VCTP network model. These targets were involved in 5 regulatory models or pathways. CONCLUSION: Our study confirmed the exact efficacy of the LTP in the treatment of AICH and revealed the potential pharmacodynamic components and mode of action of the LTP on AICH. Using differential transcriptome of mRNA combined with network pharmacology, we screened out 29 chemical compounds as the potential effective ingredients of LTP which acted on 7 targets of AICH involving 5 pathological pathways, mainly including repairing the brain function defect, improving neural function, protecting blood-brain barrier from damage, reducing inflammatory factors, and inhibiting apoptosis. The present study not only provides a new explanation for the 'multi-component, multi-target, multi-pathway' effects of the LTP on AICH but also screened out some major compounds of LTP and their potential targets which will facilitate the development of new drugs for AICH.

6.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786915

RESUMO

Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts (6-4PPs) are genotoxic DNA lesions and mainly generated on thymine-thymine (T-T) dinucleotides upon UV irradiation. Regarding the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of analytical methods, it is of first choice to develop a reliable assay for simultaneous detection of these DNA lesions using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). However, the dilemma is the low detection sensitivity of the phosphate-containing dimeric photoproducts even using most favorable negative-ion mode for LC-MS/MS analysis. Unexpectedly, we observed that the detection sensitivity of T-T CPD and 6-4PP could be significantly improved using formic acid/acetic acid (~ppm) as an additive of the mobile phase for reversed-phase LC-MS/MS analysis. This is the first demonstration of the enhancement of LC-MS/MS signals by formic acid/acetic acid in negative-ion mode. Of note, these acidic agents are often used for positive-ion mode in LC-MS assays. Benefited from the developed method, we could quantify both T-T CPD and 6-4PP in mouse embryonic stem cells upon UVC irradiation at low dosage. This sensitive method is applicable to the screening and identification of genes involved in formation, signaling and repair of UV lesion.

7.
Brachytherapy ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791712

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the dose-effect relationship between dose-volume histogram parameters and clinical prognosis of definitive radio(chemo)therapy followed by intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 110 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer who underwent external beam radiotherapy combined with intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy with or without chemotherapy from July 2010 to September 2018. We reported D100, D98, and D90 for high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV) and intermediate-risk clinical target volume, D2cm³ for organs at risk. Multivariate Cox regression was used to screen independent factors. Dose-volume parameters screened by the Cox regression were incorporated into the probit model for investigating its relationship with survival. RESULTS: The median followup time was 72.33 months. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HR-CTV D100, HR-CTV D98, and HR-CTV D90 were independent factors, affecting the 5-year overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and local control (LC) rates. The probit model showed that HR-CTV D98 had predictive values for the 5-year OS, CSS, and LC, and HR-CTV D100 had predictive values for the 5-year OS, CSS, whereas HR-CTV D90 had a predictive value only for the 5-year OS. The HR-CTV D98 corresponding to OS ED90, CSS ED90, and LC ED90 was 86.8, 85.6, and 78.6 Gy, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A significant dependence of OS, CSS, and LC on D98 for HR-CTV was found. When the long-term OS, CSS, and LC rate of the patient was >90%, HR-CTV D98 > 86.8 Gy EQD2, 85.6 Gy EQD2, and 78.6 Gy EQD2 were required.

8.
Analyst ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793932

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin that can cause health risks to human/animal health. Contamination by OTA can occur in various foods and agricultural products, so sensitive and rapid detection of OTA is crucial. We describe a simple and sensitive fluorescence immunoassay for OTA using tetramethylrhodamine (TMR)-labeled OTA as a fluorescent probe. We conjugated tetramethylrhodamine to OTA through a covalent reaction, and obtained three TMR-OTA isomer probes after purification by high-performance liquid chromatography. All of the fluorescent probes showed high binding affinity to the anti-OTA antibody. Binding of the TMR-OTA probe to the antibody induced strong fluorescence of TMR-OTA due to the possible change in the local environment of TMR caused by affinity binding. In the presence of OTA, the OTA target competitively displaced the bound TMR-OTA probe from the antibody, causing a decrease in fluorescence. Measuring the change in fluorescence enabled rapid detection of OTA. This method was selective and allowed the detection of 1 nM OTA, showing potential for rapid OTA analysis in applications.

9.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 47: 101843, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731143

RESUMO

AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Age differences exist in many aspects in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The present study aims to examine the effect of age on treatment outcomes in first-episode MDD. METHODOLOGY: A total of 982 first-episode major depressive patients, who were above 18 years old and admitted in both psychiatric hospitals and units of general hospitals were recruited for the present study. These patients were newly treated and responded to 8-12 weeks of antidepressant treatment. Depressive symptoms, psychosocial functioning and quality of life were measured using standardized instruments. The study population was divided into three age groups: early adult (18-44 years old), middle adult (45-59 years old), and late adult (60-85 years old). RESULTS: Earlier age was associated with greater symptom severity, severer depressive symptoms in hypersomnia, concentration/decision making, negative view of the self, suicide ideation and restlessness, more impaired function, poorer satisfaction in social relationship and economic status, when compared to late adults with MDD (all P < 0.05). In the multivariable analyses, among the other variables, early age remained as an independent correlation of residual depressive severity (middle age vs. early age: OR = 0.631, 95%CI[0.462, 0.862]; old age vs. early age: OR = 0.521, 95%CI[0.348, 0.780]) and functional impairment. Comorbidity of physical illness had a negative contribution to all treatment outcomes. CONCLUSION: In first major depressive episode, early age was strongly associated with depressive severity and functional impairment after responding to antidepressant treatment. Early-life depression may be an indicator of MDD for poor clinical outcomes and high clinical burden.

10.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 110: 104544, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778716

RESUMO

Berberine has been found to exhibit an array of pharmacological activities relating to the lowering of blood glucose and the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The mechanism underlying these activites, however, is poorly understood. In the present study, female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given oral letrozole to establish a model of insulin-resistant PCOS, and animals were then randomized into untreated or berberine-treated groups (400, 200, or 100 mg/kg). After 28 days, we measured homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity index (ISI) values in these animals. We further conducted H&E staining of ovarian tissues, assessed mRNA expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) via real time PCR, and used Western blotting to measure GLUT4 and PI3K/AKT and MAPK pathway protein levels. Berberine treatment was able to help restore HOMA-IR and ISI values to normal levels while simultaneously bolstering the expression of GLUT4. Normal ovarian morphology was also restored upon berberine treatment. We further found that 400 mg/kg berberine treatment was associated with activation of PI3K/AKT signaling and suppression of the MAPK pathway. In conclusion, berberine has the potential to reduce PCOS pathology and IR values in a rat model system through a mechanism linked to GLUT4 upregulation via PI3K/AKT activation and MAPK pathway suppression.

11.
J Environ Manage ; 255: 109843, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739204

RESUMO

This paper proposes a new methodology for measuring energy efficiency inequality based on the Shephard energy distance function and the "double" stochastic meta-frontier. To incorporate the regional inequality, we use three different grouping criteria, geography, city features, and strategic development goals. We also explore whether the different city grouping criteria can influence the energy efficiency. A panel data of 284 cities in China from 2003 to 2013 is used for empirical analysis. The results indicate that the regional heterogeneity has significant impact on the energy efficiency. We find that different grouping criteria affect energy efficiency, especially, the urban feature criteria. These results highlight the importance of choosing a proper grouping criteria in meta-frontier energy efficiency analysis.

12.
BMC Urol ; 19(1): 115, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activation of mast cells plays an important role in the pathogenesis of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). Histamine, a mast cell-derived mediators, induced inflammation and hypersensitivity of the bladder. The present study investigated the expressions of histamine receptors in the bladder wall tissues of patients with BPS/IC, and its association with the effectiveness of antihistamine therapy and disease symptoms. METHODS: Bladder tissues were collected from 69 BPS/IC patients and 10 control female patients. The expression of H3R in BPS/IC was further examined in an independent cohort of 10 female patients with BPS/IC and another 10 age-matched female patients. Immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and quantitative RT-PCR were performed to quantify the expressions of histamine receptors. Statistical analyses of the correlation of histamine receptor expression with antihistamine therapy outcome and severity of disease symptoms were also performed. RESULTS: The expression of four histamine receptors was significantly elevated in BPS/IC (H1R, P < 0.001; H2R, P = 0.031; H3R, P = 0.008; H4R, P = 0.048). Western blotting revealed that H3R were significantly reduced in the patients, whereas the mRNA levels of H3R were significantly increased. The patients were further divided into antihistamine responders (n = 38) and nonresponders (n = 22). No significant correlation was found in the expression of histamine receptors between responder and nonresponder groups. However, significant correlations between OLS and H1R (P = 0.003) and H3R (P = 0.045) were found. CONCLUSION: The present study showed that expression of all the 4 histamine receptors were elevated in BPS/IC. There were no statistical significant correlations between the expression levels of the four different histamine receptors and the treatment outcome of antihistamine therapy (amtitriptyline or cimetidine).

13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(11): e1915828, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747036

RESUMO

Importance: Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) has been increasingly used in the management of lung cancer, but its association with survival has not been convincingly documented. Objective: To examine the association of the use of PET-CT with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) mortality in the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system from 2000 to 2013. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 64 103 veterans receiving care in the VA health care system who were diagnosed with incident NSCLC between September 2000 and December 2013. Data analysis took place in October 2018. Exposure: Use of PET-CT before and/or after diagnosis. Main Outcomes and Measures: All-cause and NSCLC-specific 5-year mortality; secondary outcome was receipt of stage-appropriate treatment. Results: A total of 64 103 veterans with the diagnosis of NSCLC were evaluated; 62 838 (98.0%) were men, and 50 584 (78.9%) were white individuals. Among these, 51 844 (80.9%) had a PET-CT performed: 25 735 (40.1%) in the 12 months before diagnosis and 41 242 (64.3%) in the 5 years after diagnosis. Increased PET-CT use (597 of 978 veterans [59.2%] in 2000 vs 3649 of 3915 [93.2%] in 2013) and decreased NSCLC-specific 5-year mortality (879 of 978 veterans [89.9%] in 2000 vs 3226 of 3915 veterans [82.4%] in 2013) were found over time. Increased use of stage-appropriate therapy was also seen over time, from 346 of 978 veterans (35.4%) in 2000 to 2062 of 3915 (52.7%) in 2013 (P < .001). Increased PET-CT use was associated with higher-complexity level VA facilities (26 127 veterans [82.3%] at level 1a vs 1289 [75.2%] at level 3 facilities; P < .001) and facilities with on-site PET-CT compared with facilities without on-site PET-CT (33 081 [82.2%] vs 17 443 [80.3%]; P < .001). Use of PET-CT before diagnosis was associated with increased likelihood of stage-appropriate treatment for all stages of NSCLC (eg, veterans with stage 1 disease: 4837 of 7870 veterans [61.5%] who received PET-CT underwent surgical resection vs 4042 of 7938 veterans [50.9%] who did not receive PET-CT; P < .001) and decreased mortality in a risk-adjusted model among all participants and among veterans undergoing stage-appropriate treatment (all-cause mortality: hazard ratio [HR], 0.78; 95% CI, 0.77-0.79; NSCLC-specific mortality: HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.76-0.80). Facilities with on-site PET-CT and higher-complexity level facilities were associated with a mortality benefit, with 16% decreased mortality at level 1a vs level 3 facilities (HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.80-0.89) and a 3% decrease in all-cause mortality in facilities with on-site PET-CT (HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.96-0.99). Conclusions: In this study, the use of PET-CT among veterans with NSCLC significantly increased from 2000 to 2013, coinciding with decreased 5-year mortality and an increase in stage-appropriate treatment. Variation in use of PET-CT was found, with the highest use at higher-complexity level facilities and those with PET-CT on-site. These facilities were associated with reduced all-cause and NSCLC-specific mortality.

14.
Orthop Surg ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of Bryan cervical disc arthroplasty in the treatment of myelopathy patients compared with radiculopathy patients. METHODS: This study is a prospective study. Sixty-six patients (38 patients in myelopathy group and 28 patients in radiculopathy group) who were treated with Bryan cervical disc arthroplasty between 2004 and 2007 and followed for 10 years were included in this study. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, neck disability index (NDI), and Odom's criteria were used to evaluate the clinical outcomes. X-ray, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to evaluate the radiographic outcomes including the global range of motion (ROM), segmental ROM, and segment alignment before the surgery and at last follow-up. The incidence of segmental kyphosis, segmental mobility lost, and the grade of paravertebral ossification (PO) were also evaluated at last follow-up. RESULTS: The JOA score and NDI improved in both groups. Thirty-three of 38 patients in myelopathy group and all patients in radiculopathy group reported good or excellent outcomes according to Odom's criteria. The segmental ROM was (9.5° ± 4.4°) before surgery and maintained at (9.0° ± 5.5°) at last follow-up in myelopathy group. The segmental ROM was (9.5° ± 4.6°) and (9.0° ± 5.3°) before surgery and at last follow-up in radiculopathy group, respectively. The Bryan prosthesis remained mobile at last follow-up for 30 patients (78.9%) in the myelopathy group and 22 patients (78.6%) in the radiculopathy group. Of the patients in the myelopathy group, 21.1% developed segmental kyphosis, as did 21.4% of patients in the radiculopathy group. The incidence of PO and high-grade PO was 92.1 and 28.9% in the myelopathy group, and was 92.9 and 32.1% in the radiculopathy group. There was no significant difference between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Bryan cervical disc arthroplasty was an effective and safe technique in treating patients with myelopathy. The clinical and radiographic outcomes in the myelopathy group were similar to those in the radiculopathy group at the 10-year follow-up.

15.
Acta Trop ; 202: 105256, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682815

RESUMO

In recent years, attractive toxic sugar bait has been used in the mosquito control in nature, and achieved good control effects. However, the current researches about toxic sugar bait did not focus on whether the wild mosquito population used for control is resistant or not. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the toxic sugar bait against mosquito resistant populations to test the effects of bait on the control of mosquitoes with different levels of resistance. Boric acid, dinotefuran and deltamethrin were separately formulated into toxic sugar bait to test their anti-mosquito activity against Culex quinquefasciatus. Using the sugar baits formulated with boric acid and dinotefuran, the mortality of Cx. quinquefasciatus resistant populations was significantly higher than that of sensitive populations at the same concentration. Conversely, with the use of sugar baits formulated with deltamethrin, the mortality of Cx. quinquefasciatus resistant populations was significantly lower than that of sensitive populations at the same concentration. The results suggested that toxic sugar baits might have a good application prospect in high resistant mosquito management.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 2824017, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781607

RESUMO

Parasitic Entamoeba spp. can infect many classes of vertebrates including humans and pigs. Entamoeba suis and zoonotic Entamoeba polecki have been identified in pigs, and swine are implicated as potential reservoirs for Entamoeba histolytica. However, the prevalence of Entamoeba spp. in pigs in southeastern China has not been reported. In this study, 668 fecal samples collected from 6 different regions in Fujian Province, southeastern China, were analyzed to identify three Entamoeba species by nested PCR and sequencing analysis. The overall prevalence of Entamoeba spp. was 55.4% (370/668; 95% CI 51.6% to 59.2%), and the infection rate of E. polecki ST1 was the highest (302/668; 45.2%, 95% CI 41.4% to 49.0%), followed by E. polecki ST3 (228/668; 34.1%, 95% CI 30.5% to 37.7%) and E. suis (87/668; 13.0%, 95% CI 10.5% to 15.6%). E. histolytica was not detected in any samples. Moreover, the coinfection rate of E. polecki ST1 and ST3 was 25.1% (168/668; 95% CI 21.9% to 28.4%), the coinfection rate of E. polecki ST1 and E. suis was 3.7% (25/668; 95% CI 2.3% to 5.2%), the coinfection rate of E. polecki ST3 and E. suis was 0.3% (2/668), and the coinfection rate of E. polecki ST1, E. polecki ST3, and E. suis was 4.0% (27/668; 95% CI 2.5% to 5.5%). A representative sequence (MK347346) was identical to the sequence of E. suis (DQ286372). Two subtype-specific sequences (MK357717 and MK347347) were almost identical to the sequences of E. polecki ST1 (FR686383) and ST3 (AJ566411), respectively. This is the first study to survey the occurrence and to conduct molecular identification of three Entamoeba species in southeastern China. This is the first report regarding mixed infections with E. suis, E. polecki ST1, and E. polecki ST3 in China. More research studies are needed to better understand the transmission and zoonotic potential of Entamoeba spp.

17.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 171: 113696, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726045

RESUMO

Retinoic acid (RA) is a well-known differentiation inducer that exerts its effects by binding to nuclear RA receptors. Retinoic acid receptor α (RARα), as an important nuclear RA receptor, is activated upon RA binding and facilitates the transcription of target genes related to differentiation, which ultimately initiates cell differentiation. Previous studies have found that the transcriptional activity of RARα is regulated by various post-translational modifications, which influence its DNA binding efficiency, transactivation ability and even lead to degradation. Post-translational modifications of RARα, as a consequence, play an important role in the RA-induced differentiation process. Therefore, in this review, we focus on recent advances in the understanding of how these modifications affect the activity of RARα as well as strategies to increase the differentiation effect of RA treatment in cancer cells based on RARα modifications, which may promote the development of novel effective differentiation therapies for cancer treatment.

18.
J Dent ; 91: 103220, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: (1) develop a CPC-metformin scaffold with hPDLSC seeding for bone tissue engineering; and (2) investigate the effects of CPC-metformin scaffold on hPDLSC proliferation, osteogenic differentiation and bone matrix mineralization for the first time. METHODS: hPDLSCs were harvested from extracted teeth. CPC scaffolds (with or without metformin) were prepared. Three groups were tested: (1) control group (growth medium); (2) osteogenic group (osteogenic medium); (3) metformin + osteogenic group (CPC-metformin scaffold, cultured in osteogenic medium). hPDLSC viability, osteogenic differentiation and mineralization were measured. SEM was used to examine cell morphology. RESULTS: After culturing for 14 days, all three groups demonstrated excellent hPDLSC attachment and viability, as shown in live-dead staining, CCK-8 assay, and SEM examinations. The osteogenic group had 3-8 folds, 5 folds and 6 folds of increases in osteogenic gene expressions, ALP activity and mineral synthesis, compared to control group. Furthermore, the metformin + osteogenic group had 3-fold to 4-fold increases over those of the osteogenic group in osteogenic gene expressions, ALP activity and mineral synthesis. CONCLUSIONS: hPDLSCs were demonstrated to be a potent cell source for bone engineering. The novel CPC-metformin-hPDLSC construct is highly promising to enhance bone repair and regeneration efficacy in dental, craniofacial and orthopedic applications.

19.
ChemSusChem ; 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680476

RESUMO

Morphology and composition tuning of layered materials is evaluated to influence their electrochemical performance for energy storage and conversion applications. Layered Co1-x Nix hydroxides (x=0, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1) of three different morphologies-nanocones, 2 D nanosheets obtained by the rapid exfoliation of nanoconical counterparts, and 2 D superlattice-like nanostructures alternately restacked by the oppositely charged hydroxide and graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets-have been systematically investigated for electrocatalytic oxygen oxidation. High activity is obtained with the 2 D Co2/3 Ni1/3 hydroxide nanosheets/GO superlattice (Co2/3 Ni1/3 NS-GO), achieving a current density of 10 mA cm-2 at a low overpotential of 259 mV accompanied by a small Tafel slope of 35.7 mV dec-1 , surpassing nanocones and 2 D nanosheets, as well as the congeneric heterostructured Co1-x Nix hydroxide nanosheets/GO nanoarchitectures (Co1-x Nix NS-GO; x=0, 1/2, 1/4, 1) and the commercial RuO2 electrocatalyst. The outstanding activity of Co2/3 Ni1/3 NS-GO superlattice uncovers the combined merits of 2 D superlattice-like structure and composition optimization for electrocatalysis, providing a strategy for developing high-performance electrochemical materials by rational morphology and composition design.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 58(22): 15039-15044, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682430

RESUMO

The syntheses of 4'-substituted chiral 2,2':6',2″-terpyridine (tpy) ligands with predetermined configurations and directionalities are rather limited in the supramolecular chemistry field. In this study, a carbazole-linked ditopic chiral ligand L was synthesized using 4'-bromo-substituted pineno-fused tpy 5 as the precursor. Upon complexation with Cd(NO3)2·4H2O and Zn(NO3)2·6H2O, two enantiomerically pure metallosupramolecules, [Cd3L3] and [Zn4L4], have been self-assembled and characterized by NMR, electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, traveling wave ion mobility-mass spectrometry, and DOSY analysis. In addition, their optical properties are characterized by UV-vis, fluorescence, circular dichroism, and circularly polarized luminescence, suggesting an efficiency transmission and amplification of chirality from the ligand to metal center via self-assembly.

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