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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 964037, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091834

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) is a severe public health issue that has infected millions of people. The effective prevention and control of COVID-19 has resulted in a considerable increase in the number of cured cases. However, little research has been done on a complete metabonomic examination of metabolic alterations in COVID-19 patients following treatment. The current project pursues rigorously to characterize the variation of serum metabolites between healthy controls and COVID-19 patients with nucleic acid turning negative via untargeted metabolomics. Methods: The metabolic difference between 20 COVID-19 patients (CT ≥ 35) and 20 healthy controls were investigated utilizing untargeted metabolomics analysis employing High-resolution UHPLC-MS/MS. COVID-19 patients' fundamental clinical indicators, as well as health controls, were also collected. Results: Out of the 714 metabolites identified, 203 still significantly differed between COVID-19 patients and healthy controls, including multiple amino acids, fatty acids, and glycerophospholipids. The clinical indexes including monocytes, lymphocytes, albumin concentration, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin have also differed between our two groups of participators. Conclusion: Our results clearly showed that in COVID-19 patients with nucleic acid turning negative, their metabolism was still dysregulated in amino acid metabolism and lipid metabolism, which could be the mechanism of long-COVID and calls for specific post-treatment care to help COVID-19 patients recover.

2.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 919243, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092392

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding endogenous small RNAs (long 20-24 nucleotides) that negatively regulate eukaryotes gene expression at post-transcriptional level via cleavage or/and translational inhibition of targeting mRNA. Based on the diverse roles of miRNA in regulating eukaryotes gene expression, research on the identification of miRNA target genes has been carried out, and a growing body of research has demonstrated that miRNAs act on target genes and are involved in various biological functions of plants. It has an important influence on plant growth and development, morphogenesis, and stress response. Recent case studies indicate that miRNA-mediated regulation pattern may improve agronomic properties and confer abiotic stress resistance of plants, so as to ensure sustainable agricultural production. In this regard, we focus on the recent updates on miRNAs and their targets involved in responding to abiotic stress including low temperature, high temperature, drought, soil salinity, and heavy metals, as well as plant-growing development. In particular, this review highlights the diverse functions of miRNAs on achieving the desirable agronomic traits in important crops. Herein, the main research strategies of miRNAs involved in abiotic stress resistance and crop traits improvement were summarized. Furthermore, the miRNA-related challenges and future perspectives of plants have been discussed. miRNA-based research lays the foundation for exploring miRNA regulatory mechanism, which aims to provide insights into a potential form of crop improvement and stress resistance breeding.

3.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128872

RESUMO

Tiller angle is one of the most important agronomic traits and one key factor for wheat ideal plant architecture, which can both increase photosynthetic efficiency and greatly enhance grain yield. Here, a deacetylase HST1-like (TaHST1L) gene controlling wheat tiller angle was identified by the combination of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and bulked segregant analysis (BSA). Ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS)-mutagenized tetraploid wheat lines with the premature stop codon of TaHST1L exhibited significantly smaller tiller angles than the wild type. TaHST1L-overexpressing (OE) plants exhibited significantly larger tiller angles and increased tiller numbers in both winter and spring wheat, while TaHST1L-silenced RNAi plants displayed significantly smaller tiller angles and decreased tiller numbers. Moreover, TaHST1L strongly interacted with TaIAA17 and inhibited its expression at the protein level, and thus possibly improved the content of endogenous auxin in the basal tissue of tillers. The transcriptomics and metabolomics results indicated that TaHST1L might change plant architecture by mediating auxin signal transduction and regulating endogenous auxin levels. In addition, a 242-bp insertion/deletion (InDel) in the TaHST1L-A1 promoter altered transcriptional activity and TaHST1L-A1b allele with the 242-bp insertion widened the tiller angle of TaHST1L-OE transgenic rice plants. Wheat varieties with TaHST1L-A1b allele possessed the increased tiller angle and grain yield. Further analysis in wheat and its progenitors indicated that the 242-bp InDel possibly originated from wild emmer and was strongly domesticated in the current varieties. Therefore, TaHST1L involved in the auxin signaling pathway showed the big potential to improve wheat yield by controlling plant architecture.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 956736, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120373

RESUMO

Background: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has advantages in treating sequela symptoms of pediatric pneumonia convalescence. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHM using a meta-analysis approach. Methods: The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that met the search strategy were selected from seven databases from the inception date to December 17, 2021. Based on the Cochrane handbook, the quality of the selected studies was assessed using the risk of bias. Data were expressed as relative risk (RR) or mean difference (MD) and with 95% confidence interval (CI). Subgroup analyses and sensitivity analyses were performed. The Grading Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) method was used to assess the evidence certainty. Result: Twenty RCTs with 2,241 participants were identified using the search criteria. CHMs included Danshen injection, Liujunzi decoction, Qingfei Tongluo decoction, Yiqi Huoxue decoction, Yupingfeng granule, XiaoErFeiKe granule, Sha-Sheng-Mai-Dong decoction, and so on. Results indicated that CHM combined with Western medicine (WM) or CHM alone improved the total clinical effective rate (RR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.15-1.29), reduced cough relief time (MD = -2.16; 95% CI: -2.46 to -1.85), lung rales disappearance time (MD = -1.82; 95% CI: -2.17 to -1.47), and length of hospital stay (MD = -2.01, 95% CI: -3.81 to -0.22) in the treatment of pneumonia convalescence in children. However, there was no significant statistical difference regarding the incidence of adverse reactions (RR = 0.57; 95% CI: 0.23-1.43). Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/; Identifier CRD42022298936.

6.
Comput Biol Med ; 150: 105960, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36122441

RESUMO

Automatic recognition and accurate quantitative analysis of rodent behavior play an important role in brain neuroscience, pharmacological and toxicological. Currently, most behavior recognition systems used in experiments mainly focus on the indirect measurements of animal movement trajectories, while neglecting the changes of animal body pose that can indicate more psychological factors. Thus, this paper developed and validated an hourglass network-based behavioral quantification system (HNBQ), which uses a combination of body pose and movement parameters to quantify the activity of mice in an enclosed experimental chamber. In addition, The HNBQ was employed to record behavioral abnormalities of head scanning in the presence of food gradients in open field test (OFT). The results proved that the HNBQ in the new object recognition (NOR) experiment was highly correlated with the scores of manual observers during the latent exploration period and the cumulative exploration time. Moreover, in the OFT, HNBQ was able to capture the subtle differences in head scanning behavior of mice in the gradient experimental groups. Satisfactory results support that the combination of body pose and motor parameters can regard as a new alternative approach for quantification of animal behavior in laboratory.

7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 400, 2022 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early recurrence (ER) after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) has been considered as a common phenomenon but its mechanism and implication in long-term outcome has not been fully elucidated. We aimed to clarify the relation between post-ablation inflammation and ER after cryoballoon ablation (CBA) or radio-frequency ablation (RFA) and evaluate the clinical significance of ER. METHODS: A total of 154 patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing ablation were consecutively recruited, including 90 patients undergoing RFA (RF group) and 64 patients undergoing CBA (CB group). Myocardial injury and inflammation biomarkers were analyzed before and 6 h, 24 h and 48 h after ablation. Acute early recurrence (AER), non-acute early recurrence (NAER) and late recurrence (LR) was defined as recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmia during 0-3, 4-90 days and beyond a 90-day blanking period after ablation. RESULTS: Cardiac troponin I was significantly higher in CB group while C reactive protein (CRP) and Ratio Neutrophil/Lymphocyte were more elevated in RF group. Higher CRP level after RFA was significantly associated with AER in RF group and lower CRP level after CBA was predictive of AER in CB group. In addition, average cryoablation duration was positively correlated with CRP level after CB group. Cox regression revealed that NAER and left atrial diameter were associated with LR in RF group, while AER and NAER were predictive of LR after CBA. CONCLUSIONS: Post-ablation inflammation was greater in RFA than in CBA. Excessive inflammatory response may be an important factor of AER after RFA. AER after CBA was related with lower inflammation and predictive of LR. Further investigations are still warranted to address on these findings.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Criocirurgia , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Inflamação
8.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109399

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the dose-effect relationship between the dose-volume parameters of residual gross tumor volume (GTVres) and clinical prognosis in MRI image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer in our center. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The clinical data of 93 patients with locally advanced cervical squamous cell cancer who received external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) combined with IGABT ± chemotherapy in our center were retrospectively analyzed. The disease stage, overall treatment time (OTT), chemotherapy, and the dose-volume parameters D90, D98, and D100 of GTVres, the intermediate-risk clinical target volume (CTVIR), and the high-risk clinical target volume (CTVHR) of the patients were statistically analyzed. Kaplan-Meier and uni- and multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to analyze 2­year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and local control rate (LC). A probit model was employed to assess the dose-effect relationship between the volume and dose-volume parameters of GTVres and 2­year OS, PFS, and LC. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 19.6 months and 2­year OS, PFS, and LC were 79.6%, 68.8%, and 94.6%, respectively. CTVHR D90 was an independent influencing factor for 2­year PFS (P = 0.041); GTVresBT1 volume was an independent factor for 2­year OS, PFS, and LC (P < 0.001). The probit model showed that at GTVresBT1 volume < 32.86 cm3, the expected 2­year LC was > 90%; at GTVres D98 > 129.12 GyEQD2, the expected 2­year OS was > 90%. CONCLUSION: Both the volume and dose-volume parameters of GTVres are promising predictors in assessment of IGABT prognosis of cervical cancer.

9.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111432

RESUMO

Microwave-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (MADLLME) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with diode array detector was used for the extraction and determination of three biogenic amines (BAs), including tryptamine, histamine and phenylethylamine in beverages (beer, cherry juice and white spirit). Compared with solid-phase extraction, solid-phase microextraction and liquid-phase microextraction, which is more solvent use with lower extraction efficiency, this MADLLME method obviously shortened analytical time, the rapid heating of aqueous samples with non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation, a lower solvent use and enhanced extraction efficiency. Because of good extraction for three BAs, [3C6PC14][FeCl4] was used as an extraction solvent. We showed a tunable selectivity of magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) toward extracting BAs by changing anion or cation due to the modification of the interaction between the MIL and the BAs. Extraction conditions including the type and volume of extraction solvent, microwave power, microwave-assisted extraction time, sample pH, disperser and interference experiment were investigated. Under the optimal conditions, a good linear relationship was found in the concentration range of 100-2,000 ng mL-1 for three BAs with correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.995-0.999. The limit of detections (S/N = 3) and limit of quantitations (S/N = 10) were in the range of 3.46-4.96 ng mL-1 and 10.44-14.88 ng mL-1, respectively. The recoveries of three targets were in the range of 84.3-108.5%, and the relative standard deviations based on the peak areas for six replicate analyses of beverages spiked with 10, 50 and 100 ng mL-1 of each biogenic amine were lower than 7.9%. This method has also been successfully applied to analyze the real samples at three different spiked concentrations, and excellent results have been obtained.

10.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 892473, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045922

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Acute kidney injury (AKI) that results from ischemia is a common clinical syndrome and correlates with high morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. However, a clinical tool to predict mortality risk of ischemic AKI is not available. In this study, we aimed to develop and validate models to predict the 30-day and 1-year mortality risk of hospitalized patients with ischemic AKI. Methods: A total of 1,836 admissions with ischemic AKI were recruited from 277,898 inpatients admitted to three affiliated tertiary general hospitals of Central South University in China between January 2015 and December 2015. Patients in the final analysis were followed up for 1 year. Study patients were randomly divided in a 7:3 ratio to form the training cohort and validation cohort. Multivariable regression analyses were used for developing mortality prediction models. Results: Hepatorenal syndrome, shock, central nervous system failure, Charlson comorbidity index (≥2 points), mechanical ventilation, renal function at discharge were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality after ischemic AKI, while malignancy, sepsis, heart failure, liver failure, Charlson comorbidity index (≥2 points), mechanical ventilation, and renal function at discharge were predictors for 1-year mortality. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROCs) of 30-day prediction model were 0.878 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.849-0.908) in the training cohort and 0.867 (95% CI: 0.820-0.913) in the validation cohort. The AUROCs of the 1-year mortality prediction in the training and validation cohort were 0.803 (95% CI: 0.772-0.834) and 0.788 (95% CI: 0.741-0.835), respectively. Conclusion: Our easily applied prediction models can effectively identify individuals at high mortality risk within 30 days or 1 year in hospitalized patients with ischemic AKI. It can guide the optimal clinical management to minimize mortality after an episode of ischemic AKI.

11.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 962114, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046680

RESUMO

Wear particles from joint arthroplasties induce chronic inflammation associated with prolonged upregulation of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling in macrophages and osteoclasts, which leads to osteolysis and implant loosening. Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-based therapy showed great potential for immunomodulation and mitigation of osteolysis in vivo, especially in the chronic phase of inflammation. We previously generated genetically modified MSCs that secrete the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 4 (IL-4) in response to NF-κB activation (NFκB-IL-4 MSCs). However, whether the impact of sexual difference in the internal environment can alter the therapeutic effects of IL-4 over-secreting MSCs that simultaneously mitigate prolonged inflammation and enhance bone formation remains unknown. This study investigated the therapeutic effects of unaltered MSCs versus NFκB-IL-4 MSCs in mitigating chronic inflammation and enhancing bone formation in male and female mice. The murine model was established by continuous infusion of polyethylene particles contaminated with lipopolysaccharide (cPE) into the medullary cavity of the distal femur for 6 weeks to induce chronic inflammation. Unaltered MSCs or NFκB-IL-4 MSCs were infused into the femoral intramedullary cavity in sex-matched groups beginning 3 weeks after primary surgery. Femurs were harvested at 6 weeks, and bone marrow density was measured with micro-computational tomography. Numbers of osteoclast-like cells, osteoblasts, and macrophages were evaluated with histochemical and immunofluorescence staining. cPE infusion resulted in severe bone loss at the surgery site, increased tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase positive osteoclasts and M1 pro-inflammatory macrophages, and decreased alkaline phosphatase expression. MSC-based therapy effectively decreased local bone loss and polarized M1 macrophages into an M2 anti-inflammatory phenotype. In females, unaltered MSCs demonstrated a larger impact in enhancing the osteogenesis, but they demonstrated similar anti-inflammatory effects compared to NFκB-IL-4 MSCs. These results demonstrated that local inflammatory bone loss can be effectively modulated via MSC-based treatments in a sexually dimorphic manner, which could be an efficacious therapeutic strategy for treatment of periprosthetic osteolysis in both genders.

12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 723, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of infectious diseases remains one of the major challenges faced by the Chinese health sector. Policymakers have a tremendous interest in investigating the spatiotemporal epidemiology of infectious diseases. We aimed to review the small-scale (city level, county level, or below) spatiotemporal epidemiology of notifiable infectious diseases in China through a systematic review, thus summarizing the evidence to facilitate more effective prevention and control of the diseases. METHODS: We searched four English language databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) and three Chinese databases (CNKI, WanFang, and SinoMed), for studies published between January 1, 2004 (the year in which China's Internet-based disease reporting system was established) and December 31, 2021. Eligible works were small-scale spatial or spatiotemporal studies focusing on at least one notifiable infectious disease, with the entire territory of mainland China as the study area. Two independent reviewers completed the review process based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. RESULTS: A total of 18,195 articles were identified, with 71 eligible for inclusion, focusing on 22 diseases. Thirty-one studies (43.66%) were analyzed using city-level data, 34 (47.89%) were analyzed using county-level data, and six (8.45%) used community or individual data. Approximately four-fifths (80.28%) of the studies visualized incidence using rate maps. Of these, 76.06% employed various spatial clustering methods to explore the spatial variations in the burden, with Moran's I statistic being the most common. Of the studies, 40.85% explored risk factors, in which the geographically weighted regression model was the most commonly used method. Climate, socioeconomic factors, and population density were the three most considered factors. CONCLUSIONS: Small-scale spatiotemporal epidemiology has been applied in studies on notifiable infectious diseases in China, involving spatiotemporal distribution and risk factors. Health authorities should improve prevention strategies and clarify the direction of future work in the field of infectious disease research in China.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
13.
Brain Behav ; : e32748, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood, which may be related to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Our study aims to explore the association between ACEs and subsequent ADHD, and analyze the potential moderators. METHODS: Literature search was conducted by a combined computer-assisted and manual method. Studies were included if they had reported the association between ACEs and subsequent ADHD. Overall estimates of odds ratios (ORs) were obtained using random-effects meta-analyses, meta-regressions and further stratified analyses were conducted to examine potential moderator variables. RESULTS: Totals of 70 studies involving nearly 4 million participants from among 6,452 unique articles were included. In the primary analyses, ACEs were found to be associated with subsequent ADHD (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.54-1.83), and the negative effects of different forms of ACEs for ADHD were nonequivalent. Such as lived in the stepfamily, been adopted or fostered, and experienced sexual abuse were more deleterious than others. It was found that individuals who had experienced multiple ACEs or who are female were more vulnerable to ADHD. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide critical evidence for understanding the association between ACEs and ADHD. ACEs could increase the susceptibility of ADHD, especially for individuals who ever experienced multiple ACEs and females.

14.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2022: 4965709, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051918

RESUMO

Objective: To objectively evaluate the nursing quality of patients with inguinal hernia from the aspects of postoperative pain, self-discipline, and complications, the application of medical data analysis and nursing intervention in patients with inguinal hernia was discussed. Methods: A total of 86 patients with inguinal hernia were selected, and the time distribution was from September 2020 to March 2021. The patients were divided into two groups: in the control group, there were 43 cases, 28 males and 15 females. There were 43 cases in the observation group, 25 males and 18 females. All selected subjects must sign the informed consent form and have the right to know the research content. The patients were diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound, and the demographic data and basic clinical data were recorded. Results: A total of 86 patients were divided into two groups in this study, of which 43 patients used a routine nursing path as the control group and the other 43 patients added medical data analysis and nursing intervention as the observation group on the basis of the routine nursing path. The postoperative pain, self-discipline, complications, and patient satisfaction were compared, and the patients' satisfaction in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group, while serum swelling and urine retention were significantly lower than those in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: According to the analysis of the routine nursing path and medical data, nursing intervention patients have more stable emotions and less postoperative pain. They can get out of bed early, reduce the occurrence of other complications, and improve the overall curative effect. Systematic nursing intervention can reduce the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions and complications. It is one of the ideal adjuvant treatments for inguinal hernia patients.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Autogestão , Feminino , Hérnia Inguinal/complicações , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(9): e2230690, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066889

RESUMO

Importance: Accelerated aging makes adults more vulnerable to chronic diseases and death. Whether childhood adversity is associated with accelerated aging processes, and to what extent lifestyle mediates the association, remain unknown. Objective: To examine the associations of childhood adversity with a phenotypic aging measure and the role of unhealthy lifestyle in mediating these associations. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using data from adult participants in the UK Biobank baseline survey (2006-2010) and online mental health survey (2016). Data analysis was performed from September 1, 2021, to February 28, 2022. Exposures: Childhood adversity, including physical neglect, emotional neglect, sexual abuse, physical abuse, and emotional abuse, was assessed retrospectively through the online mental health survey (2016). Main Outcomes and Measures: A phenotypic aging measure, phenotypic age acceleration, was calculated, with higher values indicating accelerated aging. Body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and diet were combined to construct an unhealthy lifestyle score (range, 0-5, with higher scores denoting a more unhealthy lifestyle). Results: A total of 127 495 participants aged 40 to 69 years (mean [SD] chronological age at baseline, 56.4 [7.7] years; 70 979 women [55.7%]; 123 987 White participants [97.2%]) were included. Each individual type of childhood adversity and cumulative childhood adversity score were associated with phenotypic age acceleration. For instance, compared with participants who did not experience childhood adversity, those who experienced 4 (ß = 0.296, 95% CI, 0.130-0.462) or 5 (ß = 0.833; 95% CI, 0.537-1.129) childhood adversities had higher phenotypic age acceleration in fully adjusted models. The formal mediation analysis revealed that unhealthy lifestyle partially mediated the associations of childhood adversity with phenotypic age acceleration by 11.8% to 42.1%. Conclusions and Relevance: In this retrospective cohort study, childhood adversity was significantly associated with acceleration of aging and, more importantly, unhealthy lifestyle partially mediated these associations. These findings reveal a pathway from childhood adversity to health in middle and early older adulthood through lifestyle and underscore the potential of more psychological strategies beyond lifestyle interventions to promote healthy aging.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Aceleração , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4025-4032, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046891

RESUMO

The classical famous prescription Dajianzhong Decoction is recorded in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber written by Zhang Zhongjing in the Eastern Han Dynasty. It has a long history and definite clinical effects, while this prescription has not been manufactured into Chinese patent medicine preparation. We collected many ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) by using the method of bibliometrics and got 211 valid data terms which involved 67 ancient books. The history, main treated syndromes, formulation principle, origins and processiong of medicinal materials, and decoction method of Dajianzhong Decoction were analyzed. Despite the different views of various generations of medical experts toward the composition of this prescription, the compatibility ratio of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma to Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens is constant. Furthermore, we explored the origins of synonyms of Dajianzhong Decoction. On the basis of this study, we hope to gain an insight into the research and development of the compound preparations of Dajianzhong Decoction and provide reference for the heritage and innovation of other classical prescriptions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições , Rizoma
17.
J Psychosom Res ; 162: 111032, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137488

RESUMO

AIMS: Epidemiological studies demonstrate an association between classes of obesity and psychiatric disorders, although little is known about shared genetics and causality of association. Thus, we aimed to investigate shared genetics and causal link between different classes of obesity and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We used genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary data range from 9725 to 500,199 sample sizes of European descent, conducted a large-scale genome-wide cross-trait association study to investigate genetic overlap between the classes of obesity and anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders and Tourette syndrome. We conducted transcriptome-wide association study analysis (TWAS) to identified variants regulated gene expression in those related disorders. Finally, pathway enrichment analysis to identified major pathways. RESULTS: In the combined analysis, we replicated 211 previously reported loci and discovered 58 novel independent loci that were associated with all three classes of obesity and related psychiatric disorders. Functional analysis revealed that the identified variants regulated gene expression in major tissues belonging to exocrine/endocrine, digestive, circulatory, adipose, digestive, respiratory, and nervous systems, such as DCC, NEGR1, INO80E. Mendelian randomization analyses suggested that there may be a two-way or one-way causal relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders. CONCLUSION: This large-scale genome-wide cross-trait analysis identified shared genetics and potential causal links between classes of obesity and psychiatric disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anorexia nervosa, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder). Such shared genetics suggests potential new biological functions in common among them.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137855

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of force degradation and surface morphology of 9 brands of elastic ligatures over 6 weeks, both in vivo and in vitro, to provide some reference for clinical selection of appropriate elastic ligatures and determination of appropriate follow-up visit time. METHODS: Choosing 9 kinds of brands of elastic ligatures (American Orthodontics, Ormco, 3M Grey, TP Orthodontics, Xihu, Yahong, Creative, Protect, 3M dusty blue), which are common in the market. For the in vivo study, 9 volunteers (5 males, 4 females, aged 22-26 years) were chosen to wear elastic ligature fixators, which were made to fix the elastic ligature in the mouth without bonding brackets on the teeth. The residual force and percentage of force degradation of elastic ligatures were estimated after 0, 1 hour, 2 hours, 8 hours, 1 day, 2 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks processed in vivo and in vitro (25°C dry air condition, 37°C artificial saliva, pH = 6.7 and oral environment); A 1-way analysis of variance and t test were used to identify statistical significance (P <0.05). The surface morphology of the initial state and after a 6-week process in vivo and in vitro were observed separately. RESULTS: The characteristics of force degradation and surface morphology of 9 brands of elastic ligatures were different over 6 weeks; With the extension of time, the tensile force declined, and the percentage of force degradation of all groups decreased sharply by about 9.1%-32.3% in the first day, then the rate reduced steadily. In addition, during the first day, the percentage of force degradation declined most sharply in the first hour (4.4%-16.5%). The percentage of force degradation of 9 elastic ligatures was reduced by about 11.3%-37.3% over 6 weeks in all groups. At the same time, the characteristics of force degradation in the same brand are that in vivo > artificial saliva > air (P <0.05). After a 6-week process, the surface morphologic defects were aggravated under a scanning electron microscope, corresponding to the change of mechanical properties in each brand. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanical properties of elastic ligatures are reduced with time extension and decreased greater in vivo than in vitro; According to the characteristics of force degradation of different brands of elastic ligatures, clinicians can choose the proper elastic ligatures at different stages of treatment, and adjust the follow-up visit time appropriately. For example, in alignment and leveling, the elastic ligatures with slow force degradation, such as Ormco, TP, and so on, maybe more suitable to ensure close contact between the archwire and the bracket. In the space-closing stage, the elastic ligatures with fast force degradation may be more appropriate to reduce the friction between the archwire and the bracket, such as 3M Grey, Yahong, Protect, and so on.

19.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(9)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141223

RESUMO

Lip and oral cavity cancer is a common malignancy faced by many developing countries, and the disease burden is high in China. This study explored this cancer burden and its risk factors using data from China in the GBD 2019, along with predicting the incidence trends in 2020-2049. Data on age-standardized rates (ASR), incidence, death and disability-adjusted life years (DALY), by sex, age and risk factors were collected from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). Joinpoint regression and Age-Period-Cohort (APC) models were selected to analyze the epidemic trend of this cancer in China, and descriptive analysis was used for the time trend and age distribution of risk factors. The Bayesian APC model was selected to foresee the incidence trend in 2020-2049. This cancer burden was found to be in an upward trend in China in 1990-2019. The upward trend was more pronounced among men than among women. These cancer deaths and DALYs are overwhelmingly attributable to smoking and drinking. On APC analysis, the younger generation in China demonstrated a lower cancer risk. In 2049, the incidence of this cancer is projected to be 3.99/100,000, 6.07/100,000, 7.37/100,000, 10.49/100,000, 14.82/100,000, 19.19/100,000, 20.71/100,000, 23.64/100,000, 16.42/100,000 and 9.91/100,000 among those aged 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85-89, 85-89 and over 95 years, respectively. Disease control policies and early screening should focus on men and the elderly and target different risk factors.

20.
Microorganisms ; 10(9)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144389

RESUMO

Increasing salinity undermines soil fertility and imposes great threats to soil ecosystem productivity and ecological sustainability. Microbes with the ability to adapt to environmental adversity have gained increasing attention for maintenance and restoration of the salt-affected soil ecosystem structure and functioning; however, the characterization of microbial communities in saline-sodic soils remains limited. This study characterized the bacterial community composition and diversity in saline-sodic soils along a latitude gradient across Northeast China, aiming to reveal the mechanism of physicochemical and geographic characteristics shaping the soil bacterial communities. Our results showed that the bacterial community composition and diversity were significantly impacted by soil pH, electrical conductivity, Na+, K+, Cl-, and CO32-. Significant differences in bacterial diversity were revealed along the latitude gradient, and the soil factors accounted for 58.58% of the total variations in bacterial community composition. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, Chloroflexi, and Bacteroidetes were dominant across all samples. Actinobacteria and Gemmatimonadetes were significantly enriched in high soil sodicity and salinity, while Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria were suppressed by high pH and salt stress in the saline-sodic soils. Increase in soil pH and salinity significantly decreased bacterial species richness and diversity. Community composition analysis indicated that bacterial taxonomic groups (e.g., Bacillus, Egicoccus, Truepera, Halomonas, and Nitrolancea) that may adapt well to high salinity were greatly enriched in the examined soils. The findings collectively evidenced that bacterial community composition and diversity in a broad biographic scale were determined by niche-based environmental characteristics and biotic interactions. The profiling of the soil bacterial communities along the latitude gradient will also provide a basis for a better understanding of the salt-affected soil ecosystem functioning and restoration of these soil ecosystems.

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