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1.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 6(12): 6770-6777, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320639

RESUMO

Although cell membrane-coated nanoparticles are widely used as a promising nanodelivery platform, a few studies reported their application in developing the teleost nanovaccine delivery system. Here, we present a biomimetic vaccine delivery platform by encapsulating chitosan-loaded DNA vaccine with teleost erythrocytes membrane modified by mannose. The developed CS-G@M-M nanovaccine delivery platform shows good biocompatibility in vivo and in vitro. With further modification of mannose moiety, the constructed CS-G@M-M showed enhanced uptake by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and increased accumulation of CS-G@M-M in immune tissues including spleen, kidney, and hindgut. Critically, using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay, increased mRNA levels of immune-related genes were detected in spleen and hindgut of vaccinated fish. Moreover, through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we found that the levels of CD80/86, TNF-α, IgM, and IgZ in spleen and hindgut were significantly increased. To evaluate the immunoprotection efficacy of the constructed nanovaccine, spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), a rhabdovirus of worldwide importance that requires notification within 48 h to the International Office of Epizootics once detected, was used as a model for virus challenge. We carried out three challenge tests on 3rd, 21st, and 70th days post vaccination, respectively. Notably, CS-G@M-M nanovaccine showed durability of immunoprotection efficacy that could protect zebrafish from SVCV challenge. This work presents a novel design of smart teleost erythrocytes membrane-coated nanoparticles, which are inherently biocompatible, promising for eliciting robust adaptive immune responses in preventing fish viral diseases.

2.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt A): 124267, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120059

RESUMO

In this study, tin-loaded sulfonated zeolite (Sn-zeolite) catalyst was synthesized for catalysis of raw corncob (75.0 g/L) to 103.0 mM furfural at 52.3% yield in water (pH 1.0) at 170 °C. This corncob-derived furfural was subsequently biotransformed with recombinant E. coli CG-19 cells coexpressing NADPH-dependent reductase and glucose dehydrogenase at 35 °C by supplementary of glucose (1.5 mol glucose/mol furfural), sodium dodecyl sulfate (0.50 mM) and NADP+ (1.0 µmol NADP+/mmol furfural) in the aqueous catalytic media (pH 7.5). Both sodium dodecyl sulfate (0.50 mM) and Sn4+ (1.0 mM) could promote reductase activity by 1.4-folds. Within 3 h, furfural was wholly catalyzed into furfuryl alcohol. By combining chemical catalysis with Sn-zeolite and biocatalysis with CG-19 cells in one-pot, an effective and sustainable process was established for tandemly catalyzing renewable biomass into furfuryl alcohol under environmentally-friendly way.

3.
Neurol Sci ; 35(4): 531-6, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24057116

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to investigate the role of neuregulin-ErbB signaling in neuropathic pain in different types of injury. Neuregulin-1(NRG-1) was injected into animals with either formalin-induced pain model or spared nerve injury (SNI) model. Formalin tests or paw withdrawal tests were performed to study the role of NRG-1 in neuropathic pain. siRNA specific to different erbB receptors were then introduced to test which specific signaling pathway was required for NRG-1 signaling in the different pain models. NRG-1 inhibits neuropathic pain after SNI in a dose-dependent manner, while NRG-1 aggravates formalin-induced neuropathic pain. ErbB2 and erbB4 receptors were activated after neuregulin administration. Knockdown of ErbB2 relieves the aggravation of NRG-1 on formalin-induced neuropathic pain, and knockdown of ErbB4 could relieve the inhibition of NRG-1 on neuropathic pain in the SNI model. NRG-1 has two distinct functions depending on the different receptor activation in different models of neuropathic pain. These novel findings may provide new therapeutic approaches for the treatment of neuropathic pain in different injury types.


Assuntos
Neuralgia/metabolismo , Neuregulina-1/fisiologia , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Animais , Formaldeído , Hiperalgesia/complicações , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Masculino , Neuralgia/induzido quimicamente , Neuralgia/complicações , Neuregulina-1/farmacologia , Ratos
4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 370(1-2): 45-51, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22833359

RESUMO

The compensatory angiogenesis that occurs after cerebral ischemia increases blood flow to the injured area and limits extension of the ischemic penumbra. In this way, it improves the local blood supply. Fostering compensatory angiogenesis is an effective treatment for ischemic cerebrovascular disease. However, angiogenesis in the adult organism is a complex, multi-step process, and the mechanisms underlying the regulation of angiogenesis are not well understood. Although Notch signaling reportedly regulates the vascularization process that occurs in ischemic tissues, little is known about the role of Notch signaling in the regulation of ischemia-induced angiogenesis after ischemic stroke. Recent research has indicated that miR-210, a hypoxia-induced microRNA, plays a crucial role in regulating the biological processes that occur in blood vessel endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions. This study was undertaken to investigate the role of miR-210 in regulating angiogenesis in response to brain ischemia injury and the role of the Notch pathway in the body's response. We found miR-210 to be significantly up-regulated in adult rat ischemic brain cortexes in which the expression of Notch1 signaling molecules was also increased. Hypoxic models of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVE-12) were used to assess changes in miR-210 and Notch1 expression in endothelial cells. Results were consistent with in vivo findings. To determine the molecular mechanisms behind these phenomena, we transfected HUVE-12 cells with miR-210 recombinant lentiviral vectors. We found that miR-210 overexpression caused up-regulation of Notch1 signaling molecules and induced endothelial cells to migrate and form capillary-like structures on Matrigel. These data suggest that miR-210 is involved in the regulation of angiogenesis in response to ischemic injury to the brain. Up-regulation of miR-210 can activate the Notch signaling pathway, which may contribute to angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/etiologia , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/patologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/genética , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Microvasos/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/genética
5.
Brain Inj ; 26(10): 1211-6, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22571813

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To discuss the repeated CT scanning in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify the conditions under which this approach is necessary. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-one patients who suffered TBI but were not surgically treated were divided into two groups: the routine-repeat CT group (n = 89) and the non-routine-repeat CT group (n = 82). The patients' clinical characteristics were compared. T-tests and stepwise logistic regression were used for analysis. Patients in the routine-repeat CT group were divided into three groups according to GCS scores to determine the need for routinely repeated CT scans. RESULTS: The results revealed statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of neuro-ICU-LOS and LOS (p < 0.01). No significant differences emerged with respect to hospital charges and GCS scores at discharge (p > 0.05). AGE, international normalized ratio (INR), D-dimer concentration (DD), GCS scores and number of hours between the first CT scan and the injury (HCT1) were influential factors of developing progressive haemorrhage. CONCLUSION: The routine-repeat CT group fared better than did the non-routine-repeat CT group. Routinely repeated CTs were minimally effective among those with mild TBI, whereas this procedure demonstrated a significant effect on patients with moderate and severe TBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Epidural Craniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Lesões Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , China , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
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