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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(11): 828-832, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234153

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility of short-term efficacy prognosis prediction model for HCC patients undergoing transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) based on MRI-based radiomics technique. Methods: A total of 123 patients with liver cancer who received TACE treatment in Lishui Central Hospital from June 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively collected, including 90 males and 33 females, with an average age of 24-83 (58±10) years. All the patients were pathologically confirmed as hepatocellular carcinoma and underwent MRI scan before surgery.All patients were followed up 3-4 months after TACE, and further divided into training group (n=85, 42 of which were effective and 43 cases were ineffective) and the validation group (n=38, 19 of which were effective and 19 were ineffective) according to the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECIST). There was no statistical difference in the general information between the two groups of patients, which was comparable. Then, preoperative T(2)WI images were used for radiomics analysis, texture parameters were screened based on R language, and short-term efficacy prediction model of TACE for training group and verification group was constructed. Results: T(2)WI image analysis of each patient received 396 different texture parameters, and further used Lasso dimensionality reduction and 10 times cross-validation screening to obtain 5 characteristic texture parameters, specifically stdDeviation, ClusterProminence_angle135_offset4, Correlation_angle135_offset4, Inertia_angle135_offset4, InverseDifferenceMoment_angle45_offset4. According to the above five texture parameters and their corresponding coefficient values, the corresponding radiomics scores (Radscore) were calculated, and the prediction models of the training group and the verification group were further constructed.It was found that the area under the ROC curve of the training group was 0.812 (95%CI: 0.722-0.901), the sensitivity and specificity were 83.7% and 69.0%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve of the validation group was 0.801 (95%CI:0.654-0.947), and the sensitivity and specificity were 89.5% and 63.2%, respectively. Conclusion: The constructed TACE prediction model in the present study has high prediction accuracy, sensitivity and specificity.The short-term efficacy prognosis prediction model for HCC based on MRI is constructed, stable and reliable.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(47): 3737-3740, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874500

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the individualized treatment of patients with refractory ascites and variceal hemorrhage caused by portal hypertension. Methods: Prospective study of clinical data of 47 patients with portal hypertension and refractory ascites and variceal bleeding admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from August 2017 to December 2018, 26 males and 21 females, aged 23-75 (52±14) years old. The Viabahn stent was used to control the diameter of the shunt and the preoperative interval of PPG after individualized TIPS was determined according to the preoperative liver function Child-Pugh classification. The PPG of the Child A and B patients was <10 mm Hg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), Child-Pugh C grade patients with postoperative PPG interval values of 12 to 15 mmHg. The success rate, hemostasis rate, ascites remission rate, and complication rate were recorded. Results: Forty-seven patients were with a success rate of 100%, and there was no surgically related fatal complications. The portal pressure gradients of patients with Child-Pugh A, B and Child-Pugh C were reduced from preoperative (22.5±5.4), (24.4±2.6) mm Hg to postoperative (8.8±2.5), (13.2±1.1) mm Hg (all P<0.05). All the patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months, with a median follow-up of 13 months. The success rate of hemostasis in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding was 93.5% (29/31), the remission rate of patients with refractory ascites was 14/16, the postoperative rebleeding rate was 6.5% (2/31), the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy was 8.5% (4/47), and the shunt disorder was 2.1% (1/47). Conclusion: The use of Viabahn stent for individualized TIPS in the treatment of portal hypertension with refractory ascites and variceal hemorrhage is feasible, and the clinical efficacy is affirmative, which can reduce the incidence of postoperative hepatic encephalopathy and shunt dysfunction.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hipertensão Portal , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática , Adulto , Idoso , Ascite , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 694-699, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530355

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: The clinical data of 161 children with IBD was collected from the electronic medical records in the Department of Pediatrics, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine from January 2012 to December 2017. These patients were divided into Crohn's disease (CD) group and ulcerative colitis (UC) group, accounting for 82.0% (132 cases) and 18.0%(29 cases), respectively. The incidence of EIMs in each group was analyzed. The potential risk factors of EIMs including the IBD phenotype, gender, age, location of the CD lesion, disease activity of CD, and the presence of perianal lesion were analyzed with logistic regression model. Results: Eighty-eight patients (54.7%) had EIMs. The main EIMs were immune-mediated EIMs and growth retardation, accounting for 41.0% (66/161) and 24.2% (39/161), respectively. Aphthous ulcer (39/161, 23.0%) was the most common symptom among immune-mediated EIMs, followed by arthropathy (20/161, 12.4%) and skin lesions (19/161, 11.8%). Forty-three patients (26.7%) had EIMs before being diagnosed as IBD. Fifty-eight (65.9%) patients had only one EIM during the whole course of IBD. By logistic regression analysis, CD (OR=5.536, 95%CI:1.825-16.788) and perianal disease (OR=1.969, 95%CI:1.035-3.746) were the risk factors of immune-mediated EIMs. Meanwhile, CD (OR=11.319, 95%CI: 1.487-86.179), younger than six-year-old at diagnosis (OR=8.556, 95%CI: 3.109-23.545), moderate to severe activity of CD (OR=3.447, 95%CI: 1.196-9.934) and perianal disease (OR=3.361, 95%CI: 1.720-7.793) increased the risk of growth retardation. Conclusions: The children with IBD have a high incidence of EIMs, which were more common in CD than in UC. The risk factors of developing EIMs include CD, perianal diseases, younger than six-year-old at diagnosis and moderate to severe activity of CD.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Humanos , Incidência , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Fatores de Risco
7.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 53(2): 290-302, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099779

RESUMO

The type 2 interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R2) is one of natural IL-1ß singling inhibitors in mammals. We cloned and sequenced the IL-1R2 gene in V. variegatus (VvIL-1R2). The phylogenetic analysis showed that the molecular structure VvIL-1R2 is similar to that of its orthologues in other vertebrates. The expression levels of VvIL-1R2 are relatively high in the peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs), gill, and spleen. In addition, peculiar expression patterns for his molecule were detected at various developmental stages, implying that in flatfishes the IL-1R2 may have be important for embryonic development and metamorphosis. In PBLs, the treatment with pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) induced a significant and rapid up-regulation of VvIL-1R2, pointing at its involvement in the immune responses against bacterial and viral pathogens.


Assuntos
Linguado/imunologia , Receptores Tipo II de Interleucina-1/química , Receptores Tipo II de Interleucina-1/imunologia , Animais , Filogenia
12.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 57(5): 317-323, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747285

RESUMO

Cryptococcal meningitis is a common and refractory central nervous system infection, with high rates of mortality and disability. The experts of the Society of Infectious Diseases of Chinese Medical Association have reached this consensus after a thorough discussion. Based on the current situation of cryptococcal meningitis in China, the management of cryptococcal meningitis includes 6 aspects: introduction, microorganism identification, clinical manifestations and diagnosis, principles of antifungal therapy, treatment of refractory and recurrent meningitis, treatment of intracranial hypertension. There is not a separate consensus on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in patients with cryptococcal meningitis. This article focuses on different antifungal regimens and reducing intracranial pressure by reference to Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guidelines. The importance of early diagnosis, combined long-term antifungal therapy, control of intracranial hypertension are emphasized.


Assuntos
Consenso , Hipertensão Intracraniana/etiologia , Meningite Criptocócica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Hipertensão Intracraniana/parasitologia , Masculino , Meningite Criptocócica/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 56(2): 139-143, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29395454

RESUMO

We know of no universally accepted classification for intracapsular condylar fractures. We propose here a new classification based on the concept of a "disc-condyle" unit, and validate the classification based on outcomes of treatment. From 1 January 2010 - 31 December 2014, 55 patients with unilateral intracapsular condylar fractures were classified into three types: type A has no reduction in mandibular height or displacement of the disc (n=7); type B has displacement of the disc with no reduction in mandibular height (n=17); and type C has reduced mandibular height with or without displacement of the disc (n=31). We treated types B and C by open reduction and fixation, while type A fractures were managed non-surgically. At six month follow-up, we found no significant differences in the vertical height of the ramus, mandibular deviation, protrusion, or lateral protrusion between the fractured and healthy sides. All patients had normal occlusion postoperatively and only one patient (type C) reported pain. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography showed good osseous healing and disc-condylar relations in all cases. Our results show that this new classification of intracapsular condylar fractures is a safe and easy way to obtain satisfactory outcomes of treatment. However, it needs further independent validation.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Cápsula Articular/lesões , Côndilo Mandibular/lesões , Fraturas Mandibulares/classificação , Fraturas Mandibulares/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Fraturas Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Fish Dis ; 41(4): 663-672, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29265386

RESUMO

A suspected new enteric Sphaerospora species was believed to be directly associated with the mass mortality of yearling groupers of Epinephelus spp. in South China. The epizootic generally emerged from late September to late April of the following year. The infection prevalence and mortality rate were significantly negatively correlated with fish size. Clinical signs included anorexia, cachexia and extrusion of white pulp-like substance from anus after gentle pressure on the abdomen. Upon necropsy, severe intestinal oedema, thin and transparent intestinal wall, swollen spleen, kidney and gall bladder could be observed. Wet preparation of the infected samples showed large amount of typical disporous plasmodia of the genus Sphaerospora, but no mature spores were observed. Epidemiological investigation showed that this parasite exclusively infected Epinephelus groupers. Histopathologically, this species mainly infected the epithelium of intestine and kidney tubules and caused severe epithelia sloughing and the collapse of intestinal villus. Interestingly, this enteric myxosporidiosis did not cause severe emaciation of infected fish for mass mortality usually emerged within 2-3 days after appearance of clinical signs. The species was most genetically related to Sphaerospora fugu (89% sequence identity) and phylogenetically positioned within marine Sphaerospora lineage. This is the first report of enteric sphaerosporosis of groupers.


Assuntos
Bass , Surtos de Doenças/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Myxozoa/fisiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária
15.
J Appl Microbiol ; 124(3): 829-841, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29253325

RESUMO

AIMS: Increasing attention has been attracted to intestinal microbiota, due to interactions with nutrition, metabolism and immune defence of the host. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) feed additives have been applied in aquaculture to improve fish health, but the interaction with fish gut microbiota is still poorly understood. This study aimed to explore the effect of adding TCM in feed on the intestinal microbiota of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). METHODS AND RESULTS: Bacterial communities of 16 fish intestinal contents and one water sample were characterized by high-throughput sequencing and analysis of the V4-V5 region of the 16S rRNA gene. The results showed that the composition and structure of the bacterial community were significantly altered by the TCM feeding. Some phyla increased markedly (Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, etc.), while Fusobacteria were significantly reduced. Concurrently, the richness and diversity of the taxonomic units increased, and the microbiota composition of TCM-treated fish was more homogeneous among individuals. At the genus level, the addition of TCM tended to reduce the incidence of potential pathogens (Aeromonas, Acinetobacter and Shewanella), while stimulating the emergence of some potential probiotics (Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Bacillus and Pseudomonas). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that the feed additive could regulate the fish intestinal microbiota by reinforcing the microbial balance. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study may provide useful information for further application of TCM for diseases prevention and stress management in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Carpa Dourada/microbiologia , Animais , Aquicultura , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , Carpa Dourada/metabolismo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
16.
J Laryngol Otol ; 132(2): 154-161, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29237517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the risk factors associated with the occurrence of synchronous oesophageal cancer in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, and to investigate the roles of image-enhanced endoscopic screening in the prediction and diagnosis of early oesophageal cancer. METHODS: The clinical characteristics of patients with hypopharyngeal cancer (n = 160) were analysed. All patients underwent laryngoscopic and gastroscopic examination using image-enhanced endoscopic techniques before treatment. RESULTS: Of 160 hypopharyngeal cancer patients, 43 (27 per cent) had synchronous oesophageal cancer. Heavy drinking (odds ratio = 4.787, p = 0.029) and local invasion of three or more anatomical sites (odds ratio = 14.391, p = 0.000) were independent risk factors for synchronous oesophageal cancer. Narrow-band imaging laryngoscopy could detect more invaded anatomical sites than ordinary white light endoscopy (t = 8.532, p = 0.000). More early oesophageal cancer cases were detected with Lugol chromoendoscopy than with non-Lugol iodine staining examination (χ2 = 4.925, p = 0.026). CONCLUSION: Synchronous oesophageal cancer is common in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer. The heavy drinking patients with hypopharyngeal cancer should undergo intensive monitoring. Image-enhanced endoscopic screening is helpful in the prediction and early detection of second primary oesophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Esofagoscopia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Laringoscopia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Esofagoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Laringoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Banda Estreita/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 52(10): 749-754, 2017 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29050092

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the risk factors and survival status of hypopharyngeal carcinoma with synchronous second primary carcinoma of the esophagus. Methods: One hundred and sixty patients with newly diagnosed hypopharyngeal carcinoma from January 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical data, tumor-related information and follow-up results were collected and analyzed. Results: Forty-three synchronous esophageal carcinomas (27%) were detected in 160 patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma, and most patients (72%) were at an early stage. On univariate analysis, the median age of less than 55 years old (χ(2)=4.525, P=0.033), excessive alcohol consumption (χ(2)=6.942, P=0.008) and invasion site more than 3 anatomical regions (χ(2)=21.503, P=0.000) had a significant correlation with the occurrence of synchronous esophageal carcinomas. Multivariate analysis showed that excessive alcohol consumption (OR=4.787, P=0.029) and invasion site more than 3 anatomical regions (OR=14.391, P=0.000) were independent risk factors. The median survival time was 26 months in 43 patients with synchronous esophageal carcinomas, which was significantly lower than that (58 months) in patients without secondary primary esophageal carcinomas (χ(2)=11.981, P=0.001). Conclusions: There is a high incidence of synchronous esophageal carcinoma in hypopharyngeal carcinoma patients, affecting the prognosis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Surveillance for esophageal carcinomas in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma, especially in excessive alcohol drinkers, is warranted.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/mortalidade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/etiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/diagnóstico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 50(9): e6275, 2017 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28793053

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests that the cerebrospinal fluid-contacting nucleus (CSF-contacting nucleus) mediates the transduction and regulation of pain signals. However, the precise molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Studies show that release of fractalkine (FKN) from neurons plays a critical role in nerve injury-related pain. We tested the hypothesis that release of FKN from the CSF-contacting nucleus regulates neuropathic pain, in a chronic constriction injury rat model. The results show that FKN is expressed by neurons, via expression of its only receptor CX3CR1 in the microglia. The levels of soluble FKN (sFKN) were markedly upregulated along with the increase in FKN mRNA level in rats subjected to chronic constriction injury. In addition, injection of FKN-neutralizing antibody into the lateral ventricle alleviated neuropathic pain-related behavior followed by reduction in microglial activation in the CSF-contacting nucleus. The results indicate that inhibition of FKN release by the CSF-contacting nucleus may ameliorate neuropathic pain clinically.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/metabolismo , Quimiocina CX3CL1/metabolismo , Dor Crônica/metabolismo , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Injeções Intraventriculares , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Regulação para Cima
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 39(6): 405-411, 2017 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28635228

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of long non-coding RNA-metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1, (LncRNA-MALAT1) on invasion and metastasis of esophageal cancer cell EC-109. Methods: EC-109 cells were transfected with lentiviral vector carrying short hairpin RNA of MALAT1( shRNA-MALAT1) or a nonspecific shRNA control (shRNA-control). The expressions of MALAT1, microRNA-200a, ZEB1 and ZEB2 were detected by qRT-PCR. The effect of shRNA-MALAT1 on invasion of EC-109 cells was determined by transwell assay. The expressions of components of epithelial-msenchymal transition pathway in EC-109 cells were determined by immunofluorescence array and western blotting. The expression relationship between MALAT1 and miR-200a in EC-109 cells was detected by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Results: The result of qRT-PCR showed that the expressions levels of MALAT1, ZEB1 and ZEB2 in shRNA-MALAT1 group were 0.43±0.06, 0.64±0.04 and 0.51±0.04, respectively, significantly lower than 0.97±0.08, 1.06±0.07 and 0.98±0.05 in shRNA-control group and 1 in control group, respectively(all P<0.05). Transwell assay showed that the number of invaded cells in shRNA MALAT1 group was (96.81±10.43) per low-power field, markedly lower than that of (278.44±13.28) per low-power field in shRNA-control group (P<0.01). Immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting showed that MALAT1 downregulation significantly reduced the expressions of proteins related to EMT signal pathway in EC-109 cells.Dual luciferase reporter assay showed that compared to negative control, the activities of luciferase reporter in EC-109 cells co-transfected with pmirGLO-MALAT1-wt and miR-200a were significantly down-regulated. While co-transfected pmirGLO-MALAT1-mut with miR-200a mimics had no effect on the luciferase reporter activities of MALAT1. Conclusion: LncRNA MALAT1 functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate the expressions of ZEB1 and ZEB2 by sponging miR-200a and promotes invasion and migration of esophageal cancer cells through inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção/métodos , Homeobox 2 de Ligação a E-box com Dedos de Zinco , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/metabolismo
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