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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(2): 357-363, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900430

RESUMO

PANoptosis is a newly identified type of regulated cell death that consists of pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis, which simultaneously occur during the pathophysiological process of infectious and inflammatory diseases. Although our previous literature mining study suggested that PANoptosis might occur in neuronal ischemia/reperfusion injury, little experimental research has been reported on the existence of PANoptosis. In this study, we used in vivo and in vitro retinal neuronal models of ischemia/reperfusion injury to investigate whether PANoptosis-like cell death (simultaneous occurrence of pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis) exists in retinal neuronal ischemia/reperfusion injury. Our results showed that ischemia/reperfusion injury induced changes in morphological features and protein levels that indicate PANoptosis-like cell death in retinal neurons both in vitro and in vivo. Ischemia/reperfusion injury also significantly upregulated caspase-1, caspase-8, and NLRP3 expression, which are important components of the PANoptosome. These results indicate the existence of PANoptosis-like cell death in ischemia/reperfusion injury of retinal neurons and provide preliminary experimental evidence for future study of this new type of regulated cell death.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 259-270, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35702611

RESUMO

Rationale: Hypoxia in tumor microenvironment (TME) represents an obstacle to the efficacy of immunotherapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) through several aspects such as increasing the expression of immune checkpoints or promoting fibrosis. Reversing hypoxic TME is a potential strategy to improve the validity of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). Methods: Here, we synthesized polydopamine-nanoparticle-stabilized oxygen microcapsules with excellent stabilization, bioavailability, and biocompatibility for direct oxygen delivery into tumor sites by interfacial polymerization. Results: We observed oxygen microcapsules enhanced the oxygen concentration in the hypoxia environment and maintained the oxygen concentration for a long period both in vitro and in vivo. We found that oxygen microcapsules could significantly improve the efficiency of ICB against PDAC in vivo. Mechanismly, combined treatments using oxygen microcapsules and ICB could reduce the infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and polarized pro-tumor M2 macrophages into anti-tumor M1 macrophages. In addition, combined treatments could elevate the proportion of T helper subtype 1 cells (Th1 cells) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes cells (CTLs) to mediate anti-tumor immune response in TME. Conclusion: In summary, this pre-clinical study indicated that reversing hypoxia in TME by using oxygen microcapsules was an effective strategy to improve the performances of ICB on PDAC, which holds great potential for treating PDAC in the future.

3.
Front Oncol ; 12: 848790, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924158

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to develop a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) model to classify molecular subtypes of breast cancer from ultrasound (US) images together with clinical information. Methods: A total of 1,012 breast cancer patients with 2,284 US images (center 1) were collected as the main cohort for training and internal testing. Another cohort of 117 breast cancer cases with 153 US images (center 2) was used as the external testing cohort. Patients were grouped according to thresholds of nodule sizes of 20 mm and age of 50 years. The DCNN models were constructed based on US images and the clinical information to predict the molecular subtypes of breast cancer. A Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon model was built on the same data based on morphological and clinical description parameters for diagnostic performance comparison. The diagnostic performance was assessed through the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, Youden's index (YI), and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: Our DCNN model achieved better diagnostic performance than the BI-RADS lexicon model in differentiating molecular subtypes of breast cancer in both the main cohort and external testing cohort (all p < 0.001). In the main cohort, when classifying luminal A from non-luminal A subtypes, our model obtained an AUC of 0.776 (95% CI, 0.649-0.885) for patients older than 50 years and 0.818 (95% CI, 0.726-0.902) for those with tumor sizes ≤20 mm. For young patients ≤50 years, the AUC value of our model for detecting triple-negative breast cancer was 0.712 (95% CI, 0.538-0.874). In the external testing cohort, when classifying luminal A from non-luminal A subtypes for patients older than 50 years, our DCNN model achieved an AUC of 0.686 (95% CI, 0.567-0.806). Conclusions: We employed a DCNN model to predict the molecular subtypes of breast cancer based on US images. Our model can be valuable depending on the patient's age and nodule sizes.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922379

RESUMO

Chemical recycling of synthetic polymers offers a solution for developing sustainable plastics and materials. Here we show that two types of dynamic covalent chemistry can be orthogonalized in a solvent-free polymer network and thus enable a chemically recyclable crosslinked material. Using a simple acylhydrazine-based 1,2-dithiolane as the starting material, the disulfide-mediated reversible polymerization and acylhydrazone-based dynamic covalent crosslinking can be combined in a one-pot solvent-free reaction, resulting in mechanically robust, tough, and processable crosslinked materials. The dynamic covalent bonds in both backbones and crosslinkers endow the network with depolymerization capability under mild conditions and, importantly, virgin-quality monomers can be recovered and separated. This proof-of-concept study show opportunities to design chemically recyclable materials based on the dynamic chemistry toolbox.

5.
Mol Ther ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923112

RESUMO

Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a central driver of liver fibrosis. Previous investigations have identified various altered epigenetic landscapes during the cellular progression of HSC activation. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant internal RNA modification in eukaryotic cells and is dynamically regulated under various physiological and pathophysiological conditions. However, the functional role of Mettl3-mediated m6A in liver fibrosis remains elusive. Here, we found that the HSC-specific knockout of m6A methyltransferase Mettl3 suppressed HSC activation and significantly alleviated liver fibrosis. Multi-omics analysis of HSCs showed that Mettl3 depletion reduced m6A deposition on mRNA transcripts of Lats2 (a central player of the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway) and slowed down their degradation. Elevated Lats2 increased phosphorylation of downstream transcription factor YAP, suppressed YAP nuclear translocation, and decreased pro-fibrotic gene expression. Overexpressing YAP mutant resistant to phosphorylation by Lats2 partially rescued the activation and pro-fibrotic gene expression of Mettl3-deficient HSCs. Our study revealed that disruption of Mettl3 in HSCs mitigated liver fibrosis by controlling the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway, providing potential therapeutic strategies to alleviate liver fibrosis by targeting epitranscriptomic machinery.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current polymyxin B dosing in children relies on scant data. OBJECTIVES: To build a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for polymyxin B in paediatric patients and assess the likely appropriateness of different dosages. METHODS: A total of 19 paediatric patients were enrolled to receive intravenous polymyxin B (1.33-2.53 mg/kg/day), and the median age was 12.5 (range 3.2-17.8) years. Serial plasma samples were collected at steady-state and modelled by population PK analysis. Clinical efficacy and nephrotoxicity of polymyxin B treatment were also assessed. RESULTS: PK data were adequately described by a two-compartment model with first-order elimination, and weight was a significant covariate of polymyxin B clearance. Clinical success occurred in 14 of 19 patients (73.7%) and only one patient developed acute kidney injury. The 28 day mortality was 10.5% (2/19). The steady-state polymyxin B exposure was 36.97 ±â€Š9.84 mg·h/L, lower than the therapeutic exposure of 50-100 mg·h/L. With the AUC24h/MIC target of 50, the dosage of 1.5-3.0 mg/kg/day had a probability of target attainments over 90% when MICs were <0.5 mg/L. CONCLUSIONS: Dose adjustment of polymyxin B needs to consider the MIC of infecting pathogens. Current polymyxin B dosing for paediatric patients may be acceptable when MICs are <0.5 mg/L.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925286

RESUMO

Recently, chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy has received increasing attention as an adoptive cellular immunotherapy that targets tumors. However, numerous challenges remain for the effective use of CAR-T to treat solid tumors, including ovarian cancer, which is an aggressive and metastatic cancer with a poor therapeutic response. We screened for an effective anti-MSLN single-chain Fv antibody with comparable binding activity and non-off-target properties using human phage display library. A second-generation of anti-MSLN CAR was designed and generated. We demonstrated the efficacy of our anti-MSLN CAR-T cells for ovarian cancer treatment in an in vitro experiment to kill ovarian tumor cell lines. The anti-MSLN CAR-T cells impeded MSLN-positive tumor growth concomitant with a significant increase in cytokine levels compared with the control. Then, we demonstrated the efficacy of anti-MSLN CAR-T cells in an in vivo experiment against ovarian cancer cell-derived xenografts. Furthermore, we herein report three cases with ovarian cancer who were treated with autologous anti-MSLN CAR-T cells and evaluate the safety and effectiveness of adoptive cell therapy. In this investigator-initiated clinical trials, no patients experienced cytokine release syndrome or neurological symptoms over 2 grads. Disease stabilized in two patients, with progression-free survival times of 5.8 and 4.6 months. Transient CAR expression was detected in patient blood after infusion each time. The tumor partially subsided, and the patient's condition was relieved. In conclusion, this work proves the efficacy of the anti-MSLN CAR-T treatment strategy in ovarian cancer and provides preliminary data for the development of further clinical trials.

8.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272482, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917376

RESUMO

DNA methylation regulates epigenetic gene expression in ischemic stroke. Decitabine attenuates ischemic stroke by inhibiting DNA methylation. However, the underlying mechanism of this effect is not known. A model of ischemic stroke in Sprague-Dawley rats was induced through middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion step. The rats were randomly treated with decitabine or vehicle by a one-time intraperitoneal injection. Sham rats received similar treatments. Four days after treatment, the rats were perfused with saline or 4% paraformaldehyde after which the brain was excised. DNA methylation level and brain infarct volume were determined by dot blot and histochemistry, respectively. The cellular co-localization and quantitative analysis of DNA methylation were assessed by immunohistochemistry and expression levels of cdkn1b (p27) mRNA and protein were measured by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. The proliferation of astrocytes and number of neurons were determined by immunohistochemistry. Rats treated with decitabine showed hypomethylation and reduced infarct volume in the cortex. DNA methylation was decreased in astrocytes. Decitabine upregulated p27 mRNA and protein expression levels and attenuated the proliferation of astrocytes in vivo and vitro. Decitabine promotes p27 gene expression possibly by inhibiting its DNA methylation, thereby decreases the proliferation of astrocytes, neuronal death and infarct volume after ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Decitabina/farmacologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo
9.
Structure ; 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917815

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), SARS-CoV-2, and human coronavirus (hCoV)-NL63 utilize ACE2 as the functional receptor for cell entry, which leads to zoonotic infection. Horses (Equus caballus) attracted our attention because the spike protein receptor-binding domains (RBDs) of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV-2-related coronaviruses bind equine ACE2 (eACE2) with high affinity. Here we show that eACE2 binds the RBDs of these three coronaviruses and also SARS-CoV-2 variants but with lower affinities compared with human ACE2 (hACE2). Structural analysis and mutation assays indicated that eACE2-H41 accounts for the lower binding affinity of eACE2 to the RBDs of SARS-CoV-2 variants (Alpha, Beta, and Gamma), SARS-CoV, and hCoV-NL63. Pseudovirus infection assays showed that the SARS-CoV-2 Delta strain (B.1.617.2) displayed a significantly increased infection efficiency in eACE2-expressing HeLa cells. Our results reveal the molecular basis of eACE2 binding to the RBDs of SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, and hCoV-NL63, which provides insights into the potential animal transmission of these ACE2-dependent coronaviruses.

10.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(7): 1165-1173, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919311

RESUMO

AIM: To study the characteristics, relative distribution and to compare causes of red eye in ophthalmic clinics in Urumchi and Shanghai, China. METHODS: Data on continuous cases of red-eye patients admitted to the Ophthalmology Center of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were collected between November 2018 and September 2019. Demographic data, the incidence of red eye and related disease distribution of all cases were obtained. The independent t-test method was used for age comparison, while the Chi-square test was used to compare classified data information. RESULTS: The information on 335 and 415 patients with red eyes in Shanghai and Urumchi were collected, respectively. The main causes of red eye were conjunctival disease and dry eye. The age of female patients with red eyes was significantly higher than that of males, and the proportion of female patients with dry eyes was also higher. Red-eye-related diseases occurred more frequently in patients over 46 years old than in those under 18, and dry eye was more common with increasing age. The incidence of infectious conjunctivitis in Urumchi was significantly higher than that in Shanghai, and allergic conjunctivitis occurred more frequently in spring, summer, or autumn than in winter (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Significant differences exist in the distribution of red-eye-related diseases in Urumchi and Shanghai regions of China, and distribution varies with age and season, the latter being an important feature of allergic conjunctivitis.

11.
Chem Sci ; 13(27): 8065-8073, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919431

RESUMO

While single-cell mass spectrometry can reveal cellular heterogeneity and the molecular mechanisms of intracellular biochemical reactions, its application is limited by the insufficient detection sensitivity resulting from matrix interference and sample dilution. Herein, we propose an intact living-cell electrolaunching ionization mass spectrometry (ILCEI-MS) method. A capillary emitter with a narrow-bore, constant-inner-diameter ensures that the entire living cell enters the MS ion-transfer tube. Inlet ionization improves sample utilization, and no solvent is required, preventing sample dilution and matrix interference. Based on these features, the detection sensitivity is greatly improved, and the average signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio is about 20 : 1 of single-cell peaks in the TIC of ILCEI-MS. A high detection throughput of 51 cells per min was achieved by ILCEI-MS for the single-cell metabolic profiling of multiple cell lines, and 368 cellular metabolites were identified. Further, more than 4000 primary single cells digested from the fresh multi-organ tissues of mice were detected by ILCEI-MS, demonstrating its applicability and reliability.

12.
Commun Med (Lond) ; 2: 95, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919862

RESUMO

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and the human papillomavirus (HPV+)-driven subtype is the fastest rising cancer in North America. Although most cases of HPV+ HNSCC respond favorably to the treatment via surgery followed by radiochemotherapy, up to 20% recur with a poor prognosis. The molecular and cellular mechanisms of recurrence are not fully understood. Methods: To gain insights into the mechanisms of recurrence and to inform patient stratification and personalized treatment, we compared the proteome and phosphoproteome of recurrent and non-recurrent tumors by quantitative mass spectrometry. Results: We observe significant differences between the recurrent and non-recurrent tumors in cellular composition, function, and signaling. The recurrent tumors are characterized by a pro-fibrotic and immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) featuring markedly more abundant cancer-associated fibroblasts, extracellular matrix (ECM), neutrophils, and suppressive myeloid cells. Defective T cell function and increased epithelial-mesenchymal transition potential are also associated with recurrence. These cellular changes in the TME are accompanied by reprogramming of the kinome and the signaling networks that regulate the ECM, cytoskeletal reorganization, cell adhesion, neutrophil function, and coagulation. Conclusions: In addition to providing systems-level insights into the molecular basis of recurrence, our work identifies numerous mechanism-based, candidate biomarkers and therapeutic targets that may aid future endeavors to develop prognostic biomarkers and precision-targeted treatment for recurrent HPV+ HNSCC.

13.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909262

RESUMO

Plant vacuoles serve as the primary intracellular compartments for phosphorus (P) storage. The Oryza sativa genome contains three genes that encode SPX (SYG1/PHO81/XPR1)-MFS (Major Facility Superfamily) proteins (OsSPX-MFS1-3). The physiological roles of the three transporters under varying P conditions in laboratory and field are not known. To address this knowledge gap, we generated single, double, and triple mutants for three OsSPX-MFS genes. All the mutants except Osspx-mfs2 display lower vacuolar Pi concentrations and OsSPX-MFSs overexpression plant display higher Pi accumulation, demonstrating that all OsSPX-MFSs are vacuolar Pi influx transporters. OsSPX-MFS3 plays the dominant role based on the phenotypes of single mutants in terms of growth, vacuolar and tissue Pi concentrations. OsSPX-MFS2 is the weakest and only functions as vacuole Pi sequestration in an Osspx-mfs1/3 background. The vacuolar Pi sequestration capacity was severely impaired in Osspx-mfs1/3 and Osspx-mfs1/2/3, which resulted in increased Pi allocation to aerial organs. High P in the panicle impaired panicle and fertility in Osspx-mfs1/3 and Osspx-mfs1/2/3. Osspx-mfs2 resulted more stable yield compared to the wildtype under low P in field grown plants. The results suggest that alteration of vacuolar Pi sequestration may be a novel effective strategy to improve rice tolerance to low phosphorus in cropping systems. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 833583, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935841

RESUMO

Background: Simmitecan is a potent inhibitor of topoisomerase I with anti-tumor activity. This phase Ib trial was conducted to investigate the safety and anti-tumor effect of simmitecan alone or in combination with other drugs. Methods: Eligible patients with advanced solid tumor had no further standard treatment options. Patients were allocated to receive simmitecan alone, simmitecan in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV), or simmitecan in combination with thalidomide, 14 days a cycle, until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurred. Results: A total of 41 patients were enrolled, with a median age of 55 (range 29-69) years. Among them, 13 patients received simmitecan monotherapy, 10 received simmitecan + 5-FU/LV, and 18 received simmitecan + thalidomide. No dose-limiting toxicity occurred. Overall, the most common grade 3/4 adverse event (AE) was neutropenia (46.2, 70.0, and 88.9%, respectively, in simmitecan, simmitecan + 5-FU/LV, and simmitecan + thalidomide cohorts), and treatment-related severe AEs included anemia and febrile neutropenia (7.7% each in simmitecan cohort), diarrhea (10% in simmitecan +5-FU/LV cohort), and febrile neutropenia (5.6% in simmitecan + thalidomide cohort). The majority of patients (24/41, 58.3%) had progressed on prior irinotecan; nevertheless, partial response was achieved in one colorectal cancer patients treated with simmitecan + thalidomide. The disease control rates of simmitecan, simmitecan + 5-FU/LV, and simmitecan + thalidomide cohorts were 46.2, 80.0, and 61.1%, respectively. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a manageable safety profile of simmitecan as a single agent or as part of a combination therapy. There have not been any safety concerns with simmitecan in combination when compared to simmitecan alone. Simmitecan + 5-FU/LV regimen seemed to have a better efficacy. Nonetheless, the efficacy of this regimen needs to be further explored in the subsequent study.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 853, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are known to be associated with an increased incidence of different cancers. We aimed to evaluate the effect of MetS combined with high hs-CRP levels on the risk of primary liver cancer (PLC). METHODS: Participants were recruited from the Kailuan cohort study and were classified into four groups according to the presence or absence of MetS and inflammation (hs-CRP ≥ 3 or < 3 mg/L). The associations of MetS and inflammation with the risk of PLC were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: This study included 92,770 participants. The mean age was 51.4 years old. Over a median follow-up of 13.02 years, 395 participants were diagnosed as PLC. Compared to the control participants without inflammation (hs-CRP < 3 mg/L) and MetS (n = 69,413), participants with high hs-CRP levels combined with MetS (n = 2,269) had a higher risk of PLC [hazard ratios (HR) 2.91; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.77-4.81], and participants with high hs-CRP levels and without MetS (n = 14,576) had the same trend (HR, 1.36; 95%CI, 1.05-1.75). However, participants with low hs-CRP levels and MetS (n = 6,512) had no significant association with an elevated risk of PLC (HR, 1.18; 95%CI, 0.76-1.82). After excluding participants who had cancer during the first year of follow-up, sensitivity analysis showed the same trend. In addition, co-occurrence of MetS and high hs-CRP levels had significant interactive effects on the risk of PLC between the sexes (P < 0.001) and the patients with HBV infection (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Participants with co-occurrence of MetS and high hs-CRP levels have an elevated risk of PLC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Kailuan study, ChiCTR-TNRC-11001489. Registered 24 August, 2011-Retrospectively registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=8050.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Síndrome Metabólica , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Clin Med ; 11(15)2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been reported in psoriasis. We investigated the effect of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), polymorphism and folic acid supplementation on serum homocysteine levels in psoriasis. METHODS: Serum homocysteine levels were detected at baseline and at week 12 in 201 patients who were genotyped with MTHFR rs1801133 without and 93 psoriatic patients with folate supplement. RESULTS: TT genotype carriers of MTHFR rs1801133 had significantly higher serum homocysteine levels at baseline and at week 12, a better PASI 75 response rate at week 8, and a higher PASI 90 response rate at week 12 than the CT and CC genotype carriers. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that serum homocysteine concentration at baseline was significantly associated with sex, weight, PASI score at baseline, and the rs1801133 genotype. The significant upregulation of serum homocysteine levels after treatment with methotrexate (MTX) was only observed in male CT and CC genotype carriers and female CC genotype carriers. In contrast, folic acid supplementation significantly decreased serum homocysteine levels after MTX treatment but only in male psoriatic patients. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of MTX on serum homocysteine levels was associated with the polymorphism of MTHFR rs1801133 and sex. Folic acid supplementation only decreased serum homocysteine levels in male psoriatic patients.

17.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(15)2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956600

RESUMO

In this paper, an analytical solution-based method for the design and numerical calibration of polymer conductive membrane-based non-touch mode circular capacitive pressure sensors is presented. The accurate analytical relationship between the capacitance and applied pressure of the sensors is derived by using the analytical solution for the elastic behavior of the circular polymer conductive membranes under pressure. Based on numerical calculations using the accurate analytical relationship and the analytical solution, the analytical relationship between the pressure as output and the capacitance as input, which is necessary to achieve the capacitive pressure sensor mechanism of detecting pressure by measuring capacitance, is accurately established by least-squares data fitting. An example of how to arrive at the design and numerical calibration of a non-touch mode circular capacitive pressure sensor is first given. Then, the influence of changing design parameters such as membrane thickness and Young's modulus of elasticity on input-output relationships is investigated, thus clarifying the direction of approaching the desired input-output relationships by changing design parameters.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 927358, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35957886

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death among women, and the pathological status of axillary lymph nodes is an important predictor of prognosis. However, the mechanism involved in this early stage of metastasis remains largely unknown. Methods: Microarray analysis was used to carry out differential genomics analyses between matched pairs of metastatic sentinel lymph node tissues and breast primary tumors. The CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system was used for in vivo screening by transplanting a loss-of-function cell pool into immunocompromised mice. MAGeCK was used to analyze the screening results. Survival analysis was performed via the Kaplan-Meier method. Cell proliferation, wound healing, migration and invasion assays were performed to confirm the phenotype. A tail vein model and subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model were used for the in vivo study. The relationship between coiled-coil domain containing 102B (CCDC102B) and receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) was examined using coimmunoprecipitation, mass spectrometry, nuclear protein extraction and immunofluorescence assays. The primary biological functions and pathways related to CCDC102B were enriched by RNA sequencing. Results: We identified CCDC102B through screening and found that it was significantly upregulated in metastatic lesions in lymph nodes compared to matched primary tumors. Increased expression of CCDC102B promoted breast cancer metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, high expression of CCDC102B was correlated with poor clinical outcomes in breast cancer patients. We further identified that CCDC102B was stabilized by the loss of RACK1, a protein negatively correlated with breast cancer metastasis. Mechanistically, we found that RACK1 promoted CCDC102B lysosomal degradation by mediating chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). The aggressive behavior of CCDC102B in breast cancer cells could be reversed by the expression of RACK1. Moreover, CCDC102B was correlated with the significant enrichment of NF-κB pathway components. Overexpressing CCDC102B led to less interaction between RACK1 and IKKa. Thus, CCDC102B positively regulates the NF-κB pathway by interacting with RACK1. Conclusion: Taken together, our findings uncover a novel role of CCDC102B in breast cancer metastasis. CCDC102B serves as a potential metastasis promoter by regulating the activation of the NF-κB pathway and can be degraded by RACK1 via CMA.

19.
Inflamm Res ; 2022 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962796

RESUMO

AIMS: Systemic inflammation plays an important role in cancer cachexia. However, among the systemic inflammatory biomarkers, it is unclear which has optimal prognostic value for cancer cachexia. METHODS: The Kaplan-Meier method was used and the log-rank analysis was performed to estimate survival differences between groups. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were conducted to assess independent risk factors for all-cause mortality. RESULTS: The C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) was the optimal prognostic assessment tool for patients with cancer cachexia, with 1-, 3-, and 5-year predictive powers of 0.650, 0.658, and 0.605, respectively. Patients with a high CAR had significantly lower survival rates than those with a low CAR. Moreover, CAR can differentiate the prognoses of patients with the same pathological stage. Cox proportional risk regression analyses showed that a high CAR was an independent risk factor for cancer cachexia. For every standard deviation increase in CAR, the risk of poor prognosis for patients with cancer cachexia was increased by 20% (hazard ratio = 1.200, 95% confidence interval = 1.132-1.273, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CAR is an effective representative of systemic inflammation and a powerful factor for predicting the life function and clinical outcome of patients with cancer cachexia.

20.
NeuroRehabilitation ; 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in neurological dysfunction of the spinal cord below the injury. OBJECTIVE: To explore the immediate and long-term effects of robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) on the recovery of motor function and walking ability in children with thoracolumbar incomplete SCI. METHODS: Twenty-one children with thoracolumbar incomplete SCI were randomly divided into the experimental (n = 11) and control groups (n = 10). The control group received 60 min of conventional physical therapy, and the experimental group received 30 min of RAGT based on 30 minutes of conventional physical therapy. Changes in walking speed and distance, physiological cost index (PCI), lower extremity motor score (LEMS), SCI walking index and centre-of-pressure (COP) envelope area score were observed in both groups of children before and after eight weeks of training. The primary outcome measures were the 10-metre walk test (10MWT) and six-minute walk distance (6MWD) at preferred and maximal speeds. In addition, several other measures were assessed, such as postural control and balance, lower limb strength and energy expenditure. RESULTS: Compared with control group, the self-selected walk speed (SWS), maximum walking speed (MWS), 6MWD, PCI, LEMS, COP, and Walking Index for Spinal Cord injury II (WISCI II) of experimental group were improved after treatment. The 6MWD, PCI, COP, and WISCI II after eight weeks of treatment were improved in experimental group. All indicators were not identical at three different time points when compared between two groups. Pairwise comparisons in experimental group suggested that the SWS, MWS, 6MWD, PCI, LEMS, COP, and WISCI II after treatment were higher than those before treatment. The 6MWD, LEMS, COP, and WISCI II after treatment were higher than at the one-month follow-up appointment. The SWS, PCI, LEMS, COP, and WISCI II at the eight-week follow-up appointment were improved. CONCLUSION: Robotic-assisted gait training may significantly improve the immediate motor function and walking ability of children with thoracolumbar incomplete SCI.

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