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1.
Clin Gerontol ; : 1-10, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603051

RESUMO

Objectives: Older adults are disproportionately vulnerable to frauds of many kinds, and fear of aging has been conjectured to be a primary factor in older adults' vulnerability to fraud; however, no study has examined how and when fear of aging is associated with older adults' vulnerability to fraud. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 251 Chinese older adults (M = 68.1, SD = 6.43) completed measures regarding fear of aging, intolerance of uncertainty, self-control, and vulnerability to fraud. Results: The results revealed that intolerance of uncertainty partially mediated the association between fear of aging and vulnerability to fraud. This indirect effect of fear of aging on vulnerability to fraud was only significant for older adults with lower levels of self-control. Conclusions: The association between fear of aging and older adults' vulnerability to fraud through intolerance of uncertainty varies as a function of self-control. Clinical implications: Clinicians may focus on reducing the fear of aging, decreasing intolerance of uncertainty, and enhancing self-control as promising pathways to develop effective interventions and outreach strategies aimed at protecting older adults from fraud.

2.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 31(3): 225-243, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159679

RESUMO

Older adults are disproportionately targeted by various kinds of fraud, which result in irreversible economic losses and great psychological distress. Over the past years, researchers have conducted systematic research on the prevalence, under-reporting, and research methods of fraud victimization in older adults. Research paradigms regarding fraud victimization among older adults have mainly included cognitive, emotion regulation and motivation, and comprehensive paradigms. Factors shown to influence fraud victimization among older adults include cognitive decline, emotional regulation and motivational changes, their overly trusting nature, psychological vulnerability, social isolation, risk-taking, and a lack of knowledge and information regarding fraud prevention. Based on a review of the literature, future research can benefit from constructing a comprehensive fraud victimization theory, improving research methods, extending existing research, exploring physiological mechanisms of elderly fraud, and strengthening prevention and intervention efforts.

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