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1.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 125: 277-289, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375914

RESUMO

Black carbon (BC) has importance regarding aerosol composition, radiative balance, and human exposure. This study adopted a backward-trajectory approach to quantify the origins of BC from anthropogenic emissions (BCAn) and open biomass burning (BCBB) transported to Xishuangbanna in 2017. Haze months, between haze and clean months, and clean months in Xishuangbanna were defined according to daily PM2.5 concentrations of >75, 35-75, and <35 µg/m3, respectively. Results showed that the transport efficiency density (TED) of BC transported to Xishuangbanna was controlled by the prevailing winds in different seasons. The yearly contributions to the effective emission intensity of BCAn and BCBB transported to Xishuangbanna were 52% and 48%, respectively. However, when haze occurred in Xishuangbanna, the average BCAn and BCBB contributions were 23% and 77%, respectively. This suggests that open biomass burning (BB) becomes the dominant source in haze months. Myanmar, India, and Laos were the dominant source regions of BC transported to Xishuangbanna during haze months, accounting for 59%, 18%, and 13% of the total, respectively. Furthermore, India was identified as the most important source regions of BCAn transported to Xishuangbanna in haze months, accounting for 14%. The two countries making the greatest contributions to BCBB transported to Xishuangbanna were Myanmar and Laos in haze months, accounting for 55% and 13%, respectively. BC emissions from Xishuangbanna had minimal effects on the results of the present study. It is suggested that open BB in Myanmar and Laos, and anthropogenic emissions in India were responsible for poor air quality in Xishuangbanna.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Humanos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Biomassa , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Fuligem/análise , Aerossóis/análise , Estações do Ano , China , Carbono/análise
2.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116588, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308954

RESUMO

Nowadays, groundwater quality has deteriorated because of intensive human activities. It is important to accurately identify the pollution source for controlling the deterioration of groundwater quality. However, the accuracy of the current source analysis method needs to be improved. In this study, we combined hydrochemical method, isotope tracing technique and PMF model, for the first time, to trace the source of groundwater pollution in Beichuan River basin, Qinghai Province, China. According to the results, there were 35.8% of Fe, 34.1% of total hardness, 24.3% of SO42- and 8.09% of NO3- samples exceeded the Grade III standards for Groundwater quality in China, which indicated that the groundwater in the study area has been significantly affected by human activities. Hydrochemical method suggested that the chemical component originated from rock weathering, cation exchange and mineral dissolution. Based on isotope tracing technique (δ15N-NO3-, δ18O-NO3-, δ34S-SO42- and δ18O-SO42-), the primary sources of nitrate and sulfate in groundwater were soil nitrogen and oxidation of sulfide minerals in the forest area, domestic sewage and oxidation of sulfide minerals in the urban and industrial area, and mixed sources in the village and agricultural area. Finally, the pollution source of groundwater was distinguished by combining the PMF model, isotope tracing technique and hydrochemical method. Results showed that the main pollutant of groundwater is domestic sewage in the urban, village and industrial area. The contribution rates to groundwater pollution were 60.7%, 60.8% and 57.8%, respectively. However, in the forest and agricultural area, the main source changed to water-rock interaction and chemical fertilizer, and the contribution rates to groundwater quality were 53.5% and 61.0%, respectively. Our results suggested that the coupling tracing methodology can improve the accuracy of source resolution in the water environment and it can be applied to other areas of the world.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Esgotos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise , Nitratos/análise , Sulfetos/análise , Água/análise , China
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(46): 52193-52203, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368002

RESUMO

Dual-band electrochromic smart windows that can dynamically and independently control incident solar irradiation and visible light are envisioned as intelligent technology to reduce power consumption of buildings. However, there is still a great challenge to put the dual-band electrochromic technology into practice due to some limits in material systems and preparation techniques. Herein, a new electrochromic material of Li4Ti5O12 is developed to implement the dual-band optical modulation behavior, which could be further improved by a precise control of the lithium content in the active material. It could separately modulate the light and heat based on regulation of the transmittance of visible and near-infrared light. This enables Li4Ti5O12 to operate in three distinct modes of bright, cool, and dark, so as to meet various indoor needs. The optical transmittance contrast reaches over 60% at both visible- and near-infrared-light regions between different modes, and a large range of apparent temperature adjustments (7 °C) could be achieved. The prototype device based on dual-band electrochromic Li4Ti5O12 is further developed into a smart window of a house model, which exhibits good optical and thermal modulation behaviors in response to a high-temperature environment. This work provides a new material system for achieving dual-band electrochromic optical modulation toward smart energy-saving window applications.

4.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 2): 137139, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347353

RESUMO

River cascade development is one of the human activities that have the most significant impact on the water environment. However, the mechanism of cascade development affecting river hydrochemical components still needs to be further studied. In this study, water quality index(WQI), positive matrix factorization(PMF) model and multivariate statistical techniques were used to identify the mechanism of cascade development affecting river hydrochemical components in an typical cascade development Rivers, Lancang River, China. The results showed that the water quality of Lancang River is relatively good due to less affected by human activity. The spatial variation of river hydrochemistry is affected by the development of cascade reservoirs, and shows three patterns: irregular variation (pH and DO), fluctuating decreasing (Na+, Cl-, SO42- and HCO3-) and multi-peak variation (TN, TDN, NO3--N and NH4+-N). It's worth noting that the concentration of the most hydrochemical parameters is higher in the upper reaches (less human activities) than that in the middle and lower reaches of river due to the retention effect of the reservoir on the chemical composition. The PMF model outputs revealed that the rock weathering and internal source, sewage and soil nitrogen, and chemical fertilizer were primary material sources of Lancang River. Compared with the natural channel zone (41.0%), the interaction of water-rock has more influence on chemical component in the reservoir area (56.3%), while the contribution of fertilizer (11.2%) to the river hydrochemistry is less. The sites of downstream of the reservoir dam were affected by the retention of the reservoir and the disturbance of the bottom drainage, which leads to the weakening of the influence of the sewage (44.7%) on the river material and the increase of the contribution of fertilizer (25.0%). These results could provide valuable information in controlling the eutrophication of cascade reservoirs and the scientific construction of river cascade reservoirs.

5.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 2): 137115, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356817

RESUMO

Ocean acidification (OA) and antibiotic pollution pose severe threats to the fitness of keystone species in marine ecosystems. However, the combined effects of OA and antibiotic pollution on the intestinal microbiota of marine organisms are still not well known. In this study, we exposed the herbivorous gastropod Trochus niloticus, a keystone species to maintains the stability of coral reef ecosystems, to acidic seawater (pH 7.6) and/or sulfamethoxazole (SMX, 100 ng/L, 1000 ng/L) for 28 days and determined their impacts on (1) the accumulation of SMX in the intestine of T. niloticus; (2) the characteristics of the intestinal microbiota in T. niloticus; (3) the relative abundances of sulfonamide resistance genes (i.e., sul1 and sul2) and intI1 in the intestinal microbiota of T. niloticus. Our results show that OA exposure leads to dramatic microbiota dysbiosis in the intestine of T. niloticus, including changes in bacterial community diversity and structure, decreased abundances of dominant species, existences of characteristic taxa, and altered functional predictions. In addition, SMX exposure at environmentally relevant concentrations had little effect on the intestinal microbiota of T. niloticus, whether in isolation or in combination with OA. However, after exposure to the higher SMX concentration (1000 ng/L), the accumulation of SMX in the intestine of T. niloticus could induce an increase in the copies of sul2 in the intestinal microbiota. These results suggest that the intestinal health of T. niloticus might be affected by OA and SMX, which might lead to fitness loss of the keystone species in coral reef ecosystems.

6.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0272542, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417422

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an immunogenic tumor, and investigating the immunorelated genes is essential. To investigate the immunoprognostic genes of ccRCC, we analyzed the data assimilated from a public database (The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the gene expression omnibus (GEO) database) using bioinformatics. Then, an immunoprognosis model was constructed to identify four hub genes with moderate predictive values for the prognosis of ccRCC patients. These four genes were associated with the prognosis of ccRCC patients based on Oncomine and Gena Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) databases. The correlation analysis between the immune infiltrate, immune checkpoints, and immunotherapy and this immunoprognosis model showed that immune infiltration could predict the immunotherapy effects. We also conducted a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis and found that the expressions of three hub genes were associated with tumor progression (P<0.1). In conclusion, four genes that may serve as potential biomarkers in ccRCC were identified with respect to prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Imunoterapia
7.
Cancer Biomark ; 35(3): 321-329, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: EBV-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC) is a distinct subtype of GC, and EBV plays an important role in tumor progress. The standard method to identify EBV-positive tumor is determined by in situ hybridization for EBV-encoded EBERs in tumor tissues. The present study aims to detect the serological expression of EBV-related antibodies and ET-1 axis to provide a noninvasive method for diagnosis of EBVaGC. METHODS: The content of EBV-related antibodies and ET-1 axis in preoperative peripheral blood of GC was performed by Chemiluminescence and ELISA assay. The EBV DNA copy number was measured by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: The results showed that the levels of anti-EBV early antigen (EA) IgG, viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgA, nuclear antigen (NA) IgG, and EBV DNA copy number were significantly higher in EBVaGC. The ET-1 axis level was much lower in EBVaGC than EBVnGC. CONCLUSIONS: The combined detection of specific anti-EBV antibodies and ET-1 axis might provide new molecular markers for the identification of EBVaGC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunoglobulina G
8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 927868, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338757

RESUMO

The artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted endoscopic detection of early gastric cancer (EGC) has been preliminarily developed. The currently used algorithms still exhibit limitations of large calculation and low-precision expression. The present study aimed to develop an endoscopic automatic detection system in EGC based on a mask region-based convolutional neural network (Mask R-CNN) and to evaluate the performance in controlled trials. For this purpose, a total of 4,471 white light images (WLIs) and 2,662 narrow band images (NBIs) of EGC were obtained for training and testing. In total, 10 of the WLIs (videos) were obtained prospectively to examine the performance of the RCNN system. Furthermore, 400 WLIs were randomly selected for comparison between the Mask R-CNN system and doctors. The evaluation criteria included accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. The results revealed that there were no significant differences between the pathological diagnosis with the Mask R-CNN system in the WLI test (χ2 = 0.189, P=0.664; accuracy, 90.25%; sensitivity, 91.06%; specificity, 89.01%) and in the NBI test (χ2 = 0.063, P=0.802; accuracy, 95.12%; sensitivity, 97.59%). Among 10 WLI real-time videos, the speed of the test videos was up to 35 frames/sec, with an accuracy of 90.27%. In a controlled experiment of 400 WLIs, the sensitivity of the Mask R-CNN system was significantly higher than that of experts (χ2 = 7.059, P=0.000; 93.00% VS 80.20%), and the specificity was higher than that of the juniors (χ2 = 9.955, P=0.000, 82.67% VS 71.87%), and the overall accuracy rate was higher than that of the seniors (χ2 = 7.009, P=0.000, 85.25% VS 78.00%). On the whole, the present study demonstrates that the Mask R-CNN system exhibited an excellent performance status for the detection of EGC, particularly for the real-time analysis of WLIs. It may thus be effectively applied to clinical settings.

9.
Geriatr Nurs ; 49: 22-29, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the Geriatric 8 (G8) questionnaire in Chinese hospitalized older adults with cancer. METHODS: The Chinese version of the G8 (C-G8) was produced following Brislin's guidelines. The psychometric properties of the C-G8 were evaluated among 296 eligible patients. RESULTS: The content validity index of the C-G8 was 0.8∼1 at the item level and 0.975 at the scale level. The C-G8 identified more frail individuals among these older (>75 years) participants compared to their younger (65∼75 years) counterparts (frailty prevalence: 87.1% vs. 70.9%, P=0.010). The convergent validity of the C-G8 was tested by correlating it with the FRAIL scale (r=-0.592, P<0.001). The C-G8 had a lower internal consistency (Cronbach's α coefficient=0.501) but higher test-retest reliability and inter-rater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.913 and 0.993, respectively, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The C-G8 questionnaire presented acceptable validity and reliability and could be used in Chinese hospitalized older adults with cancer.

10.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 312, 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36435778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanism of action of Angelicae Pubescentis Radix in rheumatoid arthritis treatment is complex; the pathways and protein targets involved remain unclear. This study predicted the targets and signaling pathways of Angelicae Pubescentis Radix for rheumatoid arthritis treatment using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology and clarified its mechanism of action using in vitro cellular experiments. METHODS: Angelicae Pubescentis Radix active components and related targets were retrieved from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database. All human proteins were mined from the global protein database, and the network of active components and targets of Angelicae Pubescentis Radix was drawn using Cytoscape 3.7.1. GeneCard, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, and DrugBank databases were used to mine rheumatoid arthritis-related genes. Metascape was used for Gene Ontology function analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment pathways. ß-sitosterol's molecular docking was determined using AutoDock Tools; pathway verification was performed in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database, and the verified genes were input into the Human Protein Atlas database to observe the expression levels in various human body tissues. RESULTS: Eight main active components were screened out of Angelicae Pubescentis Radix from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database, and 60 targets related to major active ingredients were obtained. Forty-two core pathogenic rheumatoid arthritis-related genes were screened from GeneCard and other related databases. The enrichment of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway included the vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway that proved to be the decisive pathway for rheumatoid arthritis treatment by a high degree value. In vitro experiments confirmed that Angelicae Pubescentis Radix mainly regulated cell proliferation and survival through the vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and showed significant therapeutic effects on rheumatoid arthritis. The prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase 2 gene was associated with rheumatoid arthritis via pathway verification and monitoring of human gene expression levels. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanism of the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel treatment of rheumatoid arthritis via Angelicae Pubescentis Radix was explored using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology, providing new thinking and research directions for future rheumatoid arthritis treatment using Angelicae Pubescentis Radix.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1036432, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439833

RESUMO

We previously developed and assessed the effectiveness of the attenuated Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, GBS) strain WC1535 ∆Sia (with neuA-D gene cluster deletion) vaccine in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). In this study, we characterized the bacterial communities of the tilapia intestines by 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and assessed the serum antibody response, expression of immune-related genes, and histological changes following formalin-killed GBS vaccine (FKV) and the live attenuated vaccine ∆Sia (LAV). Results showed that FKV and LAV induced robust systemic and intestinal mucosal immune responses in tilapia without causing obvious pathological changes in the hindgut, spleen, and head kidney but exerted different effects on intestinal bacterial communities. The richness or diversity of the intestinal bacterial community of FKV tilapia showed no significant changes compared with that of the control fish (p > 0.05) at either day 21 post-initial vaccination (21 dpiv) or day 35 (day 14 after the second immunization) (35 dpiv). The community composition of FKV tilapia and controls was significantly similar, although the relative abundance of some genera was significantly altered. Relative to control fish, the gut ecosystem of LAV tilapia was significantly disturbed with a substantial increase in community diversity at 21 dpiv (p < 0.05) and a significant decrease at 35 dpiv in fish with high serum antibody response (ΔSia35H) (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between ΔSia35H and ΔSia35L (low serum antibody response) fish (p > 0.05). Moreover, the community composition of LAV tilapia at 21 dpiv or 35 dpiv was considerably different from that of the controls. Particularly, GBS ∆Sia was found to be abundant in the intestine at 21 and 35 dpiv. This result suggested that the parenteral administration of the LAV (∆Sia) may also have the effect of oral vaccination in addition to the immune effect of injection vaccination. In addition, a significant correlation was found between the expression of immune-related genes and certain bacterial species in the intestinal mucosal flora. Our findings will contribute to a better understanding of the effects of inactivated and attenuated vaccines on gut microbiota and their relationship with the immune response.

12.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 61(6): 1027-1036, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to identify hub genes associated with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) via both bioinformatics analysis and clinical verification, also to evaluate the related pathways and immune infiltration situation of RSA, for exploring its underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We screened candidate hub genes associated with RSA via bioinformatic analysis in the microarray datasets GSE22490 downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were used to validate these hub genes. Several kinds of enrichment analysis were carried out to find out the pathways related to RSA. Additionally, CIBERSORT was used for evaluation of local immune Infiltration status of RSA. RESULTS: There were 536 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) including 301 upregulated and 235 downregulated genes in RSA group compared with healthy control group. Four hub genes (STAT3, TLR2, TLR4 and CD86) were finally screened out according to the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, RT-qPCR and Western blotting. Enrichment analysis showed that Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, neutrophil chemotaxis, chemokine signaling pathway and Fc gamma receptor-mediated phagocytosis were strongly associated with RSA. And in immune infiltration analysis, RSA tissue was found containing a higher proportion of monocytes and eosinophils. CONCLUSION: This study screened out four hub genes and several important pathways changed in the trophoblastic tissue of RSA patients. We also found that monocytes and eosinophils may be involved in RSA. These findings provide theoretical basis for further studies on the mechanisms of RSA.

13.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420584

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that SARS-CoV-2 impairs the adaptive immune system during acute infection. Still, it remains largely unclear whether the frequency and functions of T and B cells return to normal after the recovery of COVID-19. Here, we analyzed immune repertoires and SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralization antibodies in a prospective cohort of 40 COVID-19 survivors with a six-month follow-up after hospital discharge. Immune repertoire sequencing revealed abnormal T- and B-cell expression and function with large TCR/BCR clones, decreased diversity, abnormal class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation. A decreased number of B cells but an increased proportion of CD19+ CD138+ B cells were found in COVID-19 survivors. The proportion of CD4+ T cells, especially circulating follicular helper T (cTfh) cells, was increased, whereas the frequency of CD3+ CD4- T cells was decreased. SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralization IgG and IgM antibodies were identified in all survivors, especially those recorded with severe COVID-19 who showed a higher inhibition rate of neutralization antibodies. All severe cases complained of more than one COVID-19 sequelae after 6 months of recovery. Overall, our findings indicate that SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies remain detectable even after 6 months of recovery. Because of their abnormal adaptive immune system with a low number of CD3+ CD4- T cells and high susceptibility to infections, COVID-19 patients might need more time and medical care to fully recover from immune abnormalities and tissue damage. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 21: 15347354221140498, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with breast cancer is increasing worldwide, resulting in a growing number of patients with chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI), which seriously affects their quality of life. CRCI is associated with inflammatory factors and systemic inflammatory markers such as pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), which can reflect the level of inflammation in the body. While the Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully (CALM) intervention has been demonstrated to alleviate CRCI in patients with breast cancer, the specific mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the impact of the CALM intervention on systemic inflammation. METHODS: Ninety patients with breast cancer with CRCI were enrolled and randomized into care as usual (CAU) and CALM intervention groups. All patients were assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function (FACT-Cog), Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B) before and after the CAU/CALM intervention. The blood levels of inflammatory markers were also analyzed before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Compared to the CAU group, the CALM group showed significantly improved cognitive function and significantly decreased PIV (P < .05). PIV was significantly negatively correlated with FACT-Cog (P < .05). The levels of other inflammatory markers, including MLR, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (GLR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), were also reduced in the CALM group. CONCLUSION: PIV is an important marker of inflammation. The CALM intervention may improve the cognitive function of patients by regulating the systemic inflammation marker PIV through the neuroimmune axis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Comprometimento Cognitivo Relacionado à Quimioterapia , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos , Biomarcadores
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433656

RESUMO

Searching the cost-effective organic semiconductors is strongly needed in order to facilitate the practice of organic solar cells (OSCs), yet to be fulfilled. Herein, we have succeeded in developing two non-fused ring electron acceptors (NFREAs), leading to the highest efficiency of 16.2% for the NFREA derived OSCs. These OSCs exhibit the superior operational stabilities under one sun equivalent illumination without ultraviolet (UV) filtration. It is revealed that the modulation of halogen substituents on aromatic side chains, as the new structural tool to tune the intermolecular interaction and optoelectronic properties of acceptors, not only promotes the interlocked tic-tac-toe frame of three-dimensional stacks in solid, but also improves charge dynamics of acceptors to enable high-performance and stable OSCs.

16.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(18): 1024, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267784

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a member of the Parvoviridae family and has emerged as one of the most popular and promising approaches for gene therapy due to its low toxicity, low immunogenicity, and excellent safety after optimization. Advances in gene therapy methods have allowed novel treatments such as using AAV to knock out or repair target genes. AAV-mediated gene therapy has been used in numerous tumor studies, including lymphatic metastasis of prostate cancer, liver cancer, and renal cell carcinoma in mice. Ovarian cancer is an extremely aggressive malignancy which is prone to recurrence, and AAV vector-based gene therapy may be a potential treatment strategy. Methods: Herein, we reviewed the current research to provide an update on the role of AAV-mediated gene therapy in tumor research, especially in ovarian cancer. To find recent developments in pertinent research, we examined the PubMed database. Key Content and Findings: AAV vectors may produce steady and effective gene expression without becoming harmful, making it a viable gene delivery technique. AAV-based gene therapy products have been widely used in preclinical research and some have achieved marketing approval. Conclusions: Due to its affinity for various organs, reliable integration, and long-lasting expression, certain AAV serotypes have been widely used in gene therapy. However, there are also some challenges. Extensive research on the role of AAV in disease and gene therapy has shown great potential. Herein, we examined the literature to better understand the function of the AAV in tumor research, particularly in ovarian cancer research.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270013

RESUMO

Introduction: Esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB) is a potentially fatal complication of cirrhosis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel technique of balloon-occluded esophageal varices (EVs) obliteration (BEVO) for EVs classified as F2 (medium size, F2-EVs) and F3 (large size, F3-EVs). Materials and Methods: Between December 2020 and December 2021, a total of 73 consecutive patients with EVs were treated using BEVO. An injection of sclerosant was administered via direct puncture of the varices during balloon occlusion. Immediate postprocedural Doppler endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) was conducted to evaluate the blood flow in the EVs. Several factors, including the technical success, controlling of acute bleeding, intraoperative bleeding at the injection site, variceal eradication, variceal recurrence, and BEVO-related complications, were assessed. Results: BEVO was successfully performed in all patients. Immediate hemostasis was achieved in 100% (25/25) of patients with active EVB. The incidence of injection site intraoperative bleeding presenting as oozing and spurting bleeding was 76.71% (56/73) and 8.22% (6/73), respectively. Based on Doppler EUS and endoscopic examination, EVs were completely eradicated in 71 out of 73 patients (97.26%) after three sessions. A total of 3 (4.11%) patients were diagnosed with EV recurrence during follow-up after complete EV eradication. Retrosternal chest discomfort (13.70%; 10/73) and abdominal bloating (2.74%; 2/73) were spontaneously relieved after a few days. No serious BEVO-related complications were observed. Discussion: BEVO is a convenient and effective treatment for obliterating F2 and F3 EVs. Clinical Trial Registration No. ChiCTR2000039974.

18.
Clin Chem ; 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36226750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional phenotype-based screening for ß-globin variant and ß-thalassemia using hematological parameters is time-consuming with low-resolution detection. Development of a MALDI-TOF-MS assay using alternative markers is needed. METHODS: We constructed a MALDI-TOF-MS-based approach for identifying various ß-globin disorders and classifying thalassemia major (TM) and thalassemia intermedia (TI) patients using 901 training samples with known HBB/HBA genotypes. We then validated the accuracy of population screening and clinical classification in 2 separate cohorts consisting of 16 172 participants and 201 ß-thalassemia patients. Traditional methods were used as controls. Genetic tests were considered the gold standard for testing positive specimens. RESULTS: We established a prediction model for identifying different forms of ß-globin disorders in a single MALDI-TOF-MS test based on δ- to ß-globin, γ- to α-globin, γ- to ß-globin ratios, and/or the abnormal globin-chain patterns. Our validation study yielded comparable results of clinical specificity (99.89% vs 99.71%), and accuracy (99.78% vs 99.16%) between the new assay and traditional methods but higher clinical sensitivity for the new method (97.52% vs 88.01%). The new assay identified 22 additional abnormal hemoglobins in 69 individuals including 9 novel ones, and accurately screened for 9 carriers of deletional hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin or δß-thalassemia. TM and TI were well classified in 178 samples out of 201 ß-thalassemia patients. CONCLUSIONS: MALDI-TOF-MS is a highly accurate, predictive tool that could be suitable for large-scale screening and clinical classification of ß-globin disorders.

19.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) is a common but easily overlooked condition that markedly affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients with breast cancer. The rs671 is a common gene polymorphism of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) in Asia that is involved in aldehyde metabolism and may be closely related to CRCI. However, no study has yet summarised the association between ALDH2 and CRCI. METHODS: This study enrolled one hundred and twenty-four patients diagnosed with breast cancer according to the pathology results, genotyped for ALDH2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) to explore these. The mini-mental state exam (MMSE), verbal fluency test (VFT), and digit span test (DST) results were compared in these patients before and after chemotherapy (CT). RESULTS: We found that patients with ALDH2 gene genotypes of rs671_GG, rs886205_GG, rs4648328_CC, and rs4767944_TT polymorphisms were more likely to suffer from cognitive impairment during chemotherapy. A trend toward statistical significance was observed for rs671_GG of DST (z = 2.769, p = 0.006), VFT (t = 4.624, P<0.001); rs886205_GG of DST (z = 3.663, P<0.001); rs4648328_CC of DST (z = 2.850, p = 0.004), VFT (t = 3.477, p = 0.001); and rs4767944_TT of DST (z = 2.967, p = 0.003), VFT (t = 2.776, p = 0.008). The cognitive indicators of these patients significantly decreased after chemotherapy (p < 0.05). The difference in ALDH2 rs671 was most obvious. CONCLUSION: Our results showed what kinds of ALDH2 genotyped patients that are more likely to develop CRCI. In the future, it may be possible to infer the risk of CRCI by detecting the single-nucleotide locus of ALDH2 that is conducive to strengthening clinical interventions for these patients and improving their QOL. More importantly, this study has important implications for Asian women with breast cancer as ALDH2 rs671 is a common polymorphism in Asians.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 998218, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36188623

RESUMO

Introduction: Systematic evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of Brucea javanica oil emulsion injection (BJOEI) in combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of malignant pleural effusion (MPE). Methods: The study searched CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP database, SinoMed, PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science database and retrieved randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the treatment of MPE with BJOEI in combination with chemotherapy from seven electronic databases from inception to 31 March 2022. Meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed using Revman 5.4 and Stata 13.0 software. Results: Ultimately, 30 RCTs with 2035 patients were included, including 1002 cases in the control group and 1033 cases in the treatment group. The results of the meta-analysis showed that the overall efficacy rate of BJOEI combined with chemotherapy was higher in the treatment of MPE compared with chemotherapy alone (RR = 1.45, 95%CI: 1.36-1.54, p < 0.00001). And it could improve the Karnofsky (KPS) score (RR = 1.54, 95%CI: 1.41-1.68, p < 0.00001), reduce adverse reactions such as fever (RR = 0.82, 95%CI:0.60-1.12), chest pain (RR = 0.90, 95%CI: 0.67-1.21), gastrointestinal reactions (RR = 0.70, 95%CI: 0.57-0.87, p < 0.005), and leukopenia (RR = 0.51, 95%CI: 0.43-0.61, p < 0.00001). Conclusion: BJOEI combined with chemotherapy has better clinical efficacy than chemotherapy alone in the treatment of MPE. It can further improve KPS score, improve patients' quality of life, and reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions. However, the conclusions of this study need to be confirmed by further randomized, double-blind, controlled trials with large sample size, reasonable design, and strict implementation.

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