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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 2): 159819, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334671

RESUMO

Unintentional ingestion of metal-contaminated soils may pose a great threat to human health. To accurately evaluate the health risks of heavy metal(loid)s in soils, their bioaccessibility has been widely determined by in vitro assays and increasingly employed to optimize the assessment parameters. Given that, using meta-analysis, we analyzed the literature on farmland heavy metal(loid)s (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Ni, and Zn) in Chinese main grain production regions, and collected their total and bioaccessibility data to accurately assess their human health risks. Monte Carlo simulation was used to reduce the uncertainty in metal concentration, intake rate, toxicity coefficient, and body weight. We found that the mean concentration (0.47 mg/kg) and geological accumulation index (Igeo, 0-5.24) of Cd were the priority position of controlling metals. Moreover, children are more vulnerable to carcinogenic risks than adults. Soil mineralogy, physicochemical properties, Fe, and the types of in vitro assays are the influencing factors of bioaccessibility discrepancy. Furthermore, appropriate bioaccessibility determination methods can be adapted according to the differences in ecological receptors for the risk assessment, like developing a "personalized assessment" scheme for polluted farmland soil management. Collectively, bioaccessibility-based models may provide an accurate and effective approach to human health risk assessment.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 189-193, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799541

RESUMO

Lamotrigine (LTG) is a widely used drug for the treatment of epilepsy. Emerging clinical evidence suggests that LTG may improve cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer's disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, amyloid precursor protein/presenilin 1 (APP/PS1) double transgenic mice were used as a model of Alzheimer's disease. Five-month-old APP/PS1 mice were intragastrically administered 30 mg/kg LTG or vehicle once per day for 3 successive months. The cognitive functions of animals were assessed using Morris water maze. Hyperphosphorylated tau and markers of synapse and glial cells were detected by western blot assay. The cell damage in the brain was investigated using hematoxylin and eosin staining. The levels of amyloid-ß and the concentrations of interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α in the brain were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Differentially expressed genes in the brain after LTG treatment were analyzed by high-throughput RNA sequencing and real-time polymerase chain reaction. We found that LTG substantially improved spatial cognitive deficits of APP/PS1 mice; alleviated damage to synapses and nerve cells in the brain; and reduced amyloid-ß levels, tau protein hyperphosphorylation, and inflammatory responses. High-throughput RNA sequencing revealed that the beneficial effects of LTG on Alzheimer's disease-related neuropathologies may have been mediated by the regulation of Ptgds, Cd74, Map3k1, Fosb, and Spp1 expression in the brain. These findings revealed potential molecular mechanisms by which LTG treatment improved Alzheimer's disease. Furthermore, these data indicate that LTG may be a promising therapeutic drug for Alzheimer's disease.

3.
Diabetes Ther ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454378

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with diabetes are confronted with numerous obstacles to achieve adequate glycemic control during hospitalization. The aim of this study was to explore the risk factors associated with glycemic control in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 5223 patients hospitalized with T2DM in a tertiary hospital in Xiamen (China) between January 2017 and December 2019. All patients were managed according to established protocols for glycemic monitoring and insulin pump treatment regimens. Demographic information and clinical profiles were collected from electronic health records. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors associated with glycemic control. RESULTS: Among the 5223 hospitalized patients with T2DM receiving CSII therapy, 55.2% achieved their ideal blood glucose level (3.9-10.0 mmol/L), 44.5% experienced hyperglycemia (> 10.0 mmol/L), and 0.3% experienced hypoglycemia (< 3.9 mmol/L) during their hospitalization. Multivariate analyses showed that among inpatients with T2DM, older age, male gender, higher low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) level, lower C-peptide (C-P) level, lower body mass index (BMI), longer duration of diabetes, previous insulin prescriptions, nephropathy, and retinopathy were factors more likely to be associated with a blood glucose level in the hyperglycemic range (P < 0.05). We also observed that among hospitalized patients with T2DM, those with lower BMI, lower C-P, lower LDL-C, longer disease duration, and previous insulin prescriptions were more likely to correlate with a higher proportion of hypoglycemia range (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Older age, male gender, lower BMI, lower C-P, higher LDL-C, previous insulin prescriptions, longer duration of diabetes, nephropathy, and retinopathy may be risk factors for a higher proportion of hyperglycemic events in hospitalized patients with T2DM under CSII therapy. Furthermore, lower BMI, lower C-P, lower LDL-C, longer duration of diabetes, and previous insulin prescriptions were found to be important factors for a higher proportion of hypoglycemic events. Evaluating the clinical features, comorbidities, and complications of hospitalized patients is essential to achieve reasonable glycemic control.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413764

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials, featuring distinctive electronic and optical properties and dangling-bond-free surfaces, are promising for developing high-performance on-chip photodetectors in photonic integrated circuits. However, most of the previously reported devices operating in the photoconductive mode suffer from a high dark current or a low responsivity. Here, we demonstrate a MoTe2​ p-i-n homojunction fabricated directly on a silicon photonic crystal (PC) waveguide, which enables on-chip photodetection with ultralow dark current, high responsivity, and fast response speed. The adopted silicon PC waveguide is electrically split into two individual back gates to selectively dope the top regions of the MoTe2 channel in p- or n-types. High-quality reconfigurable MoTe2 (p-i-n, n-i-p, n-i-n, p-i-p) homojunctions are realized successfully, presenting rectification behaviors with ideality factors approaching 1.0 and ultralow dark currents less than 90 pA. Waveguide-assisted MoTe2 absorption promises a sensitive photodetection in the telecommunication O-band from 1260 to 1340 nm, though it is close to MoTe2's absorption band-edge. A competitive photoresponsivity of 0.4 A/W is realized with a light on/off current ratio exceeding 104 and a record-high normalized photocurrent-to-dark-current ratio of 106 mW-1. The ultrasmall capacitance of p-i-n homojunction and high carrier mobility of MoTe2 promise a high dynamic response bandwidth close to 34.0 GHz. The proposed device geometry has the advantages of employing a silicon PC waveguide as the back gates to build a 2D material p-i-n homojunction directly and simultaneously to enhance light-2D material interaction. It provides a potential pathway to develop 2D material-based photodetectors, laser diodes, and electro-optic modulators on silicon photonic chips.

5.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The impact of currently clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) for patients with early-stage HCC after surgery remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to understand the specific effect of CSPH on patients with early-stage (BCLC A stage) HCC after surgery. METHODS: We collected data from 386 HCC patients treated at two centers from December 2009 to January 2017.224 patients (all treated by hepatectomy) were in BCLC stage A, of which, 122 had no CSPH, and 102 had CSPH. There were 162 patients in BCLC stage B (who underwent surgery, TACE, and conservative treatment). The prognosis of the CSPH and non-CSPH groups in BCLC stage A was compared using the Kaplan-Meier method. We used multivariate Cox regression to analyze prognostic factors in patients in BCLC stage A and compared the prognosis of the two groups with the BCLC stage B group. RESULTS: Among the 224 BCLC stage A patients after surgery, the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of the CSPH group were worse than those of the non-CSPH group (P < 0.001, HR = 2.340[1.554-3.523]; P < 0.001, HR = 2.577[1.676-3.812]) The multivariate Cox proportional hazards model indicated that CSPH was an independent prognostic factor for OS and RFS in BCLC stage A patients. BCLC stage A patients with CSPH treated by hepatectomy had a comparable prognosis to BCLC B stage patients (P = 0.378), and the OS and RFS (P = 0.229; P = 0.077) in the CSPH (BCLC A) group were also comparable to BCLC stage B patients treated with surgery alone. CONCLUSIONS: CSPH can affect the surgical prognosis of early-stage (BCLC stage A) HCC. BCLC stage A patients with CSPH have a prognosis comparable to patients with BCLC stage B. An additional stage, such as the BCLC stage A-B, can be considered.

6.
Semin Cell Dev Biol ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411157

RESUMO

Recent studies report that stem cell therapies have been applied successfully to patients, This has increased anticipations that this regeneration strategy could be a potential method to treat a wide range of intractable diseases some day. Stem cells offer new prospects for the treatment of incurable diseases and for tissue regeneration and repairation because of their unique biological properties. Angiogenesis a key process in tissue regeneration and repairation. Vascularization of organs is one of the main challenges hindering the clinical application of engineered tissues. Efficient production of engineered vascular grafts and vascularized organs is of critical importance for regenerative medicine. In this review, we focus on the types of stem cells that are widely used in tissue engineering and regeneration, as well as their application of these stem cells in the construction of tissue-engineered vascular grafts and vascularization of tissue-engineered organs.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1023983, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389778

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of microwave ablation combined with apatinib [vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) inhibitor] and camrelizumab [anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1) antibody] in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients and methods: Patients (age, >18 years) with histologically confirmed HCC and refractory to at least the standard first-line therapy were enrolled from 2 September 2018 to 17 January 2022. They first received ultrasound-guided subtotal microwave ablation. Then, beginning at 7-14 days after ablation, they were given apatinib (250 mg once daily) and camrelizumab (200 mg once every 2 weeks) until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression or death. The coprimary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Fourteen HCC patients with Barcelona Clinic of Liver Cancer (BCLC) B and C stages were retrospectively enrolled. At data cutoff, follow-up period ranged from 3.8 to 41.3 months (median, 17.4 months), and the median (95% confidence interval) duration of exposure (DE) was 6.4 (4.0-8.9) months. The PFS and OS were 10.8 (0-23.5) months and 19.3 (2.4-36.2) months, respectively. Three (21.4%) patients achieved a confirmed complete response (CR). Confirmed partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), and progression of disease (PD) were achieved in four (28.6%), four (28.6%), and three (21.4%) patients, respectively. The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were 50.0% (20.0%-80.0%) and 78.6% (54.0%-100%), respectively. The serious treatment-related adverse events included one (7.1%) case with reactive capillary hemangiomas (grade 4), one (7.1%) with hypertension (grade 3), two (14.3%) with elevated transaminase and bilirubin (grade 4), one (7.1%) with platelet count decrease (grade 4), one (7.1%) with hepatic failure (grade 4), and two (14.3%) with gastrointestinal bleeding (grades 3 and 4). Conclusions: Microwave ablation combined with apatinib and camrelizumab treatment in advanced HCC patients demonstrated intriguing clinical activity and resulted in durable antitumor responses and significantly improved PFS and OS. The combination therapy is well tolerated, enabling further clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Micro-Ondas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
9.
J Phys Chem B ; 126(46): 9726-9736, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378585

RESUMO

Biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) is used as a bone substitute and bone tissue repair material due to its better control over bioactivity and biodegradability. It is crucial to stabilize the implanted biomaterial while promoting bone ingrowth. However, a lack of standard experimental and theoretical protocols to characterize the physicochemical properties of BCP limits the optimization of its composition and properties. Computational simulations can help us better to learn BCP at a nanoscale level. Here, the Voronoi tessellation method was combined with simulated annealing molecular dynamics to construct BCP nanoparticle models of different sizes, which were used to understand the physicochemical properties of BCP (e.g., melting point, infrared spectrum, and mechanical properties). We observed a ∼20 to 30 Å layer of calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite at the HAP/ß-TCP interface due to particle migration, which may contribute to BCP stability. The BCP model may stimulate further research into BCP ceramics and multiphasic ceramics. Moreover, our study may facilitate the optimization of compositions of BCP-based biomaterials.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Nanopartículas , Biomimética , Hidroxiapatitas/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Durapatita/química , Cerâmica/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Nanopartículas/química
10.
J Pain Res ; 15: 3483-3492, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348743

RESUMO

Purpose: Neck-shoulder-upper extremity pain (NSUEP) is a frequently occurring clinical constellation of syndromes. However, its etiology is complicated, and the diagnosis is challenging. We aimed to present detailed clinical characteristics and diagnoses of NSUEP from a single center and heighten clinicians' understanding of this condition. Patients and Methods: Prospectively collected databases were used to retrospectively evaluate patients with NSUEP who underwent treatment at the multidisciplinary consultation center for neck, shoulder, and upper extremity pain at the China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University between April 2014 and July 2021. We performed descriptive statistics regarding demographic data, symptoms, findings of physical and radiographic examinations, and each patient's diagnosis. Results: Development of NSUEP was primarily observed in individuals aged between 51 and 60 years (n = 157, 35.4%). Patients were most commonly referred for upper extremity pain (n = 306, 68.9%). Patients with upper extremity pain presented with hypoesthesia (n = 139, 45.4%), muscle weakness (n = 93, 30.4%), muscle atrophy (n = 90, 29.4%), hyperesthesia (n = 39, 12.7%), and turgidity (n = 18, 5.9%). Among the 22 patients with upper extremity swelling, 8 (36.4%) were diagnosed with autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Among the 352 patients with a single diagnosis, 51 (14.5%) presented with thoracic outlet syndrome, 49 (13.9%) with cervical radiculopathy, 16 (4.5%) with carpal tunnel syndrome, and 16 (4.5%) with brachial plexus injury. Further, among the 92 patients with compound diagnosis, 18 patients (19.6%) were diagnosed with cervical radiculopathy. Conclusion: Among the NSUEP patients in this study, older individuals were the largest group. Pain, numbness, weakness, and mobility limitation are common complaints accompanying NSUEP. The common etiologies of NSUEP include cervical spondylosis, thoracic outlet syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, and brachial plexus injury. In addition, autoimmune rheumatic diseases should be considered in patients with NSUEP and swelling.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429881

RESUMO

The destruction of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers on 11 September 2001 (9/11) released tons of dust and smoke into the atmosphere, exposing hundreds of thousands of community members (survivors) and responders to carcinogens. The WTC Environmental Health Center (WTC EHC) is a federally designated surveillance and treatment program for community members who were present in the New York City disaster area on 9/11 or during the months that followed. WTC EHC enrollment requires exposure to the WTC dust and fumes and a federally certifiable medical condition, which includes most solid and blood cancers. Several studies have described the prevalence and characteristics of cancers in responders and survivors exposed to the WTC dust and fumes as adults. Cancers in those exposed at a young age warrant specific investigation since environmental toxin exposure at a younger age may change cancer risk. We describe the characteristics of 269 cancer patients with 278 cancer diagnoses among WTC EHC enrollees who were young in age (aged 0 to 30) on 9/11. These include 215 patients with a solid tumor (79.9%) and 54 with a lymphoid and/or hematopoietic cancer (20.1%). Among them, 9 patients had a known second primary cancer. A total of 23 different types of cancer were identified, including cancer types rare for this age group. Many were diagnosed in individuals lacking traditional cancer-specific risk factors such as tobacco use. The current study is the first to report specifically on cancer characteristics of younger enrollees in the WTC EHC program.


Assuntos
Desastres , Neoplasias , Ataques Terroristas de 11 de Setembro , Adulto , Humanos , Poeira , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Exposição Ambiental , Gases
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347780

RESUMO

Synthetic single-stranded (ss) DNA is a cornerstone for life and materials science, yet the purity, quantity, length, and customizability of synthetic DNA are still limiting in various applications. Here we present PECAN, paired-end cutting assisted by DNAzymes (DNA enzymes or deoxyribozymes), which enables mass production of ssDNA of arbitrary sequence (up to 7,000 nucleotides, or nt) with single-base precision. At the core of PECAN technique are two newly-identified classes of DNAzymes, each robustly self-hydrolyzing with minimal sequence requirement up- or down-stream of its cleavage site. Flanking the target ssDNA with a pair of such DNAzymes generates a precursor ssDNA amplifiable by pseudogene-recombinant bacteriophage, which subsequently releases the target ssDNA in large quantities after efficient auto-processing. PECAN produces ssDNA of virtually any terminal bases and compositions with >98.5% purity at the milligram-to-gram scale. We demonstrate the feasibility of using PECAN ssDNA for RNA in situ detection, homology-directed genome editing, and DNA-based data storage.

13.
Biochem Biophys Rep ; 32: 101387, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438602

RESUMO

Hypertension is a leading risk factor of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the population worldwide. Recently, hundreds of genomic loci were reported for hypertension by GWAS, however, the most SNPs are located in intergenic regions of genome, where a functional cause is difficult to determine. In the current study, a TWAS of hypertension was conducted using 452,264 individuals including 84,640 patients. KEGG and GO enrichment analyses were performed for the hypertension-related genes identified via TWAS. PPI network analysis based on the STRING database was also performed to detect TWAS-identified genes in hypertension. We have identified 18,420 genes from the GWAS summary data, and of those 1010 non-overlapping genes expression were significantly associated with hypertension after FDR correction (PFDR <0.05) in four tissues (left heart ventricle, aorta, whole blood, and peripheral blood). The KEGG and GO terms were mostly related to autoimmune mechanisms, and the autoimmune-related pathways have also been enriched using GO analysis for PPI genes. We further performed Mendelian randomization analysis, and the results supported a significant association between autoimmunity and hypertension. Moreover, 15 novel hypertension-susceptible genes were identified in all tissues, and five of the genes (RBM6, HLA-DRB5, UHRF1BP1, LYZ, and TMEM116) were associated with autoimmune system, which provide further evidence supporting an autoimmune mechanism in hypertension. In summary, our study supports that an autoimmune mechanism plays an important role in the development of hypertension, and these findings will provide new biological insights that will assist in deciphering the molecular etiology of hypertension.

14.
Metabolites ; 12(11)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422271

RESUMO

A high-fat diet plays an important role in aggravating cancers. Palmitic acid (PA) is one of the components of saturated fatty acids; it has been reported to promote tumor proliferation in melanomas, but the signal transduction pathway mediated by palmitic acid remains unclear. This study showed that palmitic acid can promote the lung metastasis of melanomas. Moreover, the interaction between palmitic acid and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was predicted by molecular docking. The experimental results proved that palmitic acid could promote the TLR4 and Toll/IL-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor-inducing IFN-ß (TRIF) expression. The expression of Pellino1 (Peli1) and the phosphorylation of NF-kappa B (pNF-κB) were downregulated after the suppression of TLR4 and the silencing of Peli1 also inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB. Therefore, we concluded that palmitic acid promoted the lung metastasis of melanomas through the TLR4/TRIF-Peli1-pNF-κB pathway.

15.
Front Oncol ; 12: 985962, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276078

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with high invasion and metastasis, which seriously threatens public health. Previous study showed that NLRP3 could promote the occurrence of lung tumors in B(a)P-induced mice. MicroRNAs are closely related to the progression and metastasis of lung cancer by regulating target genes. However, which miRNAs affect the migration and invasion of lung cancer cells through regulating NLRP3 remains poorly defined. In this study, the miRNAs targeting NLRP3 were selected from TargetScan and miRDB database and finally miR-223-3p was chosen due to the consistent expression in both A549 and H520 cells. Then, the migration and invasion of lung cancer cells were detected with miR-223-3p mimic and inhibitor using Transwell assay, at the same time the expression of NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, IL-1ß and IL-18 was determined using Western Blot and immunohistochemistry assay. Our data demonstrated that miR-223-3p was upregulated in both A549 and H520 cells. Furthermore, the migration and invasion of A549 and H520 cells were promoted after inhibiting miR-223-3p. Besides, the levels of NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, IL-1ß and IL-18 were increased in the two lung cancer cells. And the corresponding results were contrary in miR-223-3p mimic group. Taken together, miR-223-3p attenuates the migration and invasion of NSCLC cells by regulating NLRP3, which provides evidence for the prevention and targeted treatment of NSCLC.

16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(5): 1415-1422, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36208243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of miR-126 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) tissues and its biological function. METHODS: The lymphoma tissues of 46 DLBCL patients in our hospital were selected as the research object, and the lymph node hyperplasia tissue of 31 patients with reactive hyperplasia were selected as controls. The expression level of miR-126 in the patients' tissues was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and the correlation of miR-126 expression with the pathological characteristics and prognosis of the patients was analyzed. The DLBCL cell line SU-DHL-4 was transfected with miR-126 inhibitor and its negative control (NC inhibitor) or miR-126 mimics and its negative control (NC mimics). RT-qPCR assay was used to detect the expression level of miR-126 in cells; MTT method was used to detect cell proliferation activity; single clone formation test was used to detect cells colony-forming ability; Annexin V/PI double staining assay was used to detect cell apoptosis; Transwell test was used to detect cell migration and invasion ability; the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins cleaved-Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: miR-126 was highly expressed in lymphoma tissues of DLBCL patients, and its expression level was significantly correlated with Hans type, IPI score and Ann-Arbor stage of DLBCL patients (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the survival rate of DLBCL patients with high expression of miR-126 was significantly lower than that of patients with low expression (P<0.05). Compared with the NC mimics group, the miR-126 expression level, cell proliferation rate, number of colony-forming units, migration and invasion ability, and Bcl-2 protein expression level in the miR-126 mimics group were significantly increased (P<0.05), but the cells apoptotic rate, cleaved-Caspase-3 and Bax protein expression levels were significantly reduced (P<0.05). Compared with the NC inhibitor group, the miR-126 expression level, cell proliferation rate, number of colony-forming units, migration and invasion ability, and Bcl-2 protein expression level in the miR-126 inhibitor group were significantly reduced (P<0.05), but the cells apoptosis rate, cleaved-Caspase-3 and Bax protein expression levels were significantly increased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: miR-126 is highly expressed in lymphoma tissues of DLBCL patients and its expression level is related to the poor prognosis of patients. miR-126 can promote DLBCL cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and inhibit cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , MicroRNAs , Anexina A5/metabolismo , Apoptose , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
17.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36210335

RESUMO

Pseudocydonia sinensis is a Chinese ornamental plant with great landscaping value. Its fruit is additionally used for medicinal purposes (Lim 2012). In June 2020, a leaf spot disease was observed in the campus of Nanjing Forestry University (32°04'34.53″N 118°48'42.06″E). The symptoms began with irregular red-brown spots, which gradually enlarged, extended and overlapped, with an incidence of 85% (29/34 trees). Pieces of leaf tissue (3 to 4 mm²) from the lesion margins were surface-sterilized with 75% ethanol for 30 s and 1% NaClO for 90 s. Subsequently, the tissues were rinsed with sterile H2O, placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium and incubated at 25℃ for 5 days. The same fungus was isolated from 90% of tissues. Pure cultures were obtained by monosporic isolation.The representative isolate NJMG 5-7 was used for morphological and molecular characterization. The growing fungal colony on PDA was initially white, but gradually turned grey. Pycnidia formation was observed on PDA supplemented with alfalfa stems. The pycnidia produced two different types of conidia, α and ß, which ooze out in yellow creamy mucilaginous masses. Conidiophores were hyaline, cylindrical and smooth, 16.8 to 33.1 × 1.5 to 2.6 µm (n=30). Conidiogenous cells were 13.6 to 29.3 × 1.5 to 2.7 µm (n=30). The α-conidia were, unicellular, hyaline elliptical or fusiform, bi-guttulate, 6.5 to 9.2 × 1.8 to 3.3 µm (n = 50). The ß-conidia were hyaline, aseptate, without guttules, filiform, curved, with obtuse ends, 12.5 to 25 × 1.0 to 1.8 µm (n = 50). To verify species identity, the partial sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, and calmodulin (CAL), translation elongation factor 1 alpha (EF1-a), and beta-tubulin genes (TUB) were amplified from isolate NJMG 5-7 with primers ITS1/ITS4 (White et al. 1990), CAL-228F/CAL-737R (Carbone & Kohn 1999), EF1-728F/EF1-986R (Carbone and Kohn 1999), and Bt2a/Bt2b (Glass and Donaldson 1995), respectively. The sequences were deposited in GenBank (OP223050 for ITS, OP252809 for CAL, OP252807 for EF1-a, and OP252808 for TUB). A BLAST search of GenBank showed that ITS, CAL, EF1-a and TUB sequences of NJMG 5-7 were similar to those of D. eres CBS 138594 (99% identity), AR5193 (99%), AR5193 (99%) and MG281193 (100%), respectively. The morphological and molecular results identified the isolate as D. eres (Feng et al. 2015). To fulfill Koch's postulates, a pathogenicity test was conducted using three P. sinensis plants. Six leaves from each tree were wounded and inoculated with mycelial plugs (about 4 mm in diameter) of D. eres from a 3-day-old culture grown on PDA. Inoculations with sterile PDA plugs on different leaves of the same tree were used as controls. All inoculated leaves were enclosed in plastic bags together with a wet cotton ball inside. Sterile H2O was sprayed into the plastic bags to keep moisture conditions. Five days later, all inoculated points showed lesions similar to those previously observed in the field, whereas controls were asymptomatic. The pathogen was successfully reisolated from the inoculated symptomatic parts on PDA and identified from its morphology, thus fulfilling Koch's postulates. This fungus can cause a variety of diseases. To our knowledge, this is the first report of D. eres causing leaf spots on P. sinensis in the world. These findings provide a foundation for future studies on the epidemiology and control of this newly emerging disease.

18.
ACS Nano ; 16(10): 16869-16879, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36250595

RESUMO

Building a reliable relationship between the electronic structure of alloyed metallic catalysts and catalytic performance is important but remains challenging due to the interference from many entangled factors. Herein, a PdBi surface alloy structural model, by tuning the deposition rate of Bi atoms relative to the atomic interdiffusion rate at the interface, realizes a continuous modulation of the electronic structure of Pd. Using advanced X-ray characterization techniques, we provide a precise depiction of the electronic structure of the PdBi surface alloy. As a result, the PdBi catalysts show enhanced propene selectivity compared with the pure Pd catalyst in the selective hydrogenation of propyne. The prevented formation of saturated ß-hydrides in the subsurface layers and weakened propene adsorption on the surface contribute to the high selectivity. Our work provides in-depth understanding of the electronic properties of surface alloy structure and underlies the study of the electronic structure-performance relationship in bimetallic catalysts.

19.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 18(5): 1444-1448, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204896

RESUMO

Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is an extremely rare malignancy, and it accounts for approximately 1% of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The growth of adrenal lymphoma is characterized by rapid infiltration in the adrenal gland and further involvement and metastasis in other tissues and organs. This report describes the case of a 67-year-old man with fatigue, poor appetite, and weight loss. Positron emission tomography and computed tomography (PET-CT) scan showed irregular mass-like soft tissue density shadows were noted in the bilateral adrenal glands and immunohistochemical (IHC) studies confirmed the diagnosis of PAL with multiple metastases throughout the body. This report characterizes the clinical manifestations in patients with PAL. When the disease progresses to bilateral adrenal involvement, it may be accompanied by adrenal insufficiency or even adrenal crisis occurred.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Insuficiência Adrenal , Linfoma , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Insuficiência Adrenal/complicações , Insuficiência Adrenal/diagnóstico , Idoso , China , Humanos , Linfoma/complicações , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada
20.
Front Immunol ; 13: 989263, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203561

RESUMO

Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1) is the first enzyme in the de novo purine nucleotide synthesis pathway and is essential for cell development. However, the effect of PRPS1 on melanoma proliferation and metastasis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism of PRPS1 in the malignant progression of melanoma. Here, we found PRPS1 was upregulated in melanoma and melanoma cells. In addition, our data indicated that PRPS1 could promote the proliferation and migration and invasion of melanoma both in vitro and in vivo. PRPS1 also could inhibit melanoma cell apoptosis. Furthermore, we found NRF2 is an upstream transcription factor of PRPS1 that drive malignant progression of melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Ribose-Fosfato Pirofosfoquinase , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Nucleotídeos de Purina , Ribose-Fosfato Pirofosfoquinase/genética , Ribose-Fosfato Pirofosfoquinase/metabolismo , Síndrome , Regulação para Cima
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