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1.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 7470-7480, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632937

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain is a kind of pain caused by damage to somatosensory nervous system. Currently, neuropathic pain is still a medical problem for clinicians. Ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2B (Ube2b) is validated to be implicated with nerve function, but whether Ube2b can play a role in neuropathic pain is still elusive. In this work, we constructed chronic constriction injury (CCI) rat model by ligating the left sciatic nerve, Ube2b protein expression was confirmed to be decreased in spinal cord tissues of CCI rats via Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence (IF) staining. Moreover, Ube2b elevation alleviated the thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical hyperalgesia in CCI rats according to paw withdrawal thermal latency (PWTL) and paw withdrawal mechanic threshold (PWMT). In addition, Hematoxylin-eosin staining revealed that Ube2b elevation suppressed chronic sciatic nerve injury. All these data suggested that Ube2b could ameliorate neuropathic pain in CCI rats. Mechanically, Ube2b upregulation elevated the protein level of Kcna2 (potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 2) and decreased the protein level of DNMT3a (DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha). Ube2b elevation could increase Kcna2 expression via suppressing DNMT3a. Rescue assays unveiled that Ube2b overexpression modulated-mechanical hyperalgesia and thermal hyperalgesia were reversed by Kcna2 depletion, indicating that Ube2b alleviated neuropathic pain via mediating Kcna2 via the regulation of DNMT3a. In summary, we found that Ube2b elevation ameliorated neuropathic pain through regulating Kcna2, which might offer a novel biomarker for the therapies of neuropathic pain.

2.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645263

RESUMO

Highly sensitive and selective microRNA (miRNA) assay is of great significance for disease diagnosis and therapy. Herein, a magnetic-assisted electrochemistry (EC)-photoelectrochemistry (PEC) dual-mode biosensing platform was developed for miRNA-210 detection based on dual-signaling EC and photocurrent-polarity-switching PEC strategies. Porous magnetic Fe3O4 octahedra with a large surface area were synthesized by calcining Fe-based metal-organic frameworks. Subsequently, the magnetic photoelectric materials (Fe3O4@CdS) were developed by the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method in Cd2+ and S2- solutions. Then, the self-assembled DNA nanoprisms contained three thiols/hanging arms that could capture miRNA-210 efficiently and were anchored to the Fe3O4@CdS octahedra via the Cd-S bond. When miRNA-210 was present, the double-stranded DNA concatemers [the self-assembled duplex helixes based on a pair of methylene blue (MB)-labeled single-stranded DNAs (AP1 and AP2) through the hybridization chain reaction and then intercalated with adriamycin (Dox) into their grooves] were connected with the Fe3O4@CdS-DNA nanoprisms. MB and Dox not only acted as the electrochemical probes but also synergistically switched the photocurrent polarity of the Fe3O4@CdS octahedra. Thus, miRNA-210 was assayed sensitively and selectively via the proposed EC-PEC dual-mode biosensing platform. Additionally, the abovementioned recognition steps occurred in a homogeneous system, and the effects of the impurities and interferences on the miRNA-210 assay could be easily avoided by magnetic separation due to the good magnetic properties of Fe3O4 octahedra. The proposed EC-PEC dual-mode biosensing platform showed a wide range of potential applications in bioanalysis and early diagnosis of disease.

3.
Food Chem ; 372: 131208, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601418

RESUMO

A simple, environmentally-friendly and reliable method was developed to simultaneously monitor the residue of methyl 1-naphthalene acetate, parathion-methyl, fenitrothion, bromophos and phenthoate in pomelo by using dispersive solid-phase extraction technique (d-SPE). In this method, these target analytes were captured by MIL-125-NH2 and detected by GC-MS/MS. The key parameters of d-SPE were optimized by the single factor experiment. Under the optimized conditions, a good determination coefficient (R2 > 0.9922) and extraction recoveries (64.7-116.8%) are obtained. The limit of detections (0.03-1.07 ng/g) is lower than the MRLs in citrus fruits established by EU (10-15000 ng/g) and China (10-10000 ng/g). The precisions of intra-day and inter-day are 1.3-8.9% and 3.8-14.9%, respectively. In addition, the sorbent MIL-125-NH2 is stable and can be reused at least eight times. These results prove the established method is efficient and reliable to detect the pesticide residues in pomelo.

4.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503405

RESUMO

Cancer is the second leading cause of human death after cardiovascular disease, and the most used drugs in clinics are cytotoxic agents. However, these drugs have some inherent disadvantages, such as the risk of toxicity, low selectivity, poor solubility, and so on. To overcome these shortcomings, a variety of drug delivery strategies based on prodrugs have been developed. The application of drug delivery systems can optimize ADME properties of cytotoxic agents and improve their selectivity at the target, thereby greatly enhancing the anticancer effect in clinics. At present, it has become mainstream in drug design. This review systematically summarized the studies of prodrug-based drug delivery systems over the past five to ten years, according to four aspects, solubility, controlled release, in situ concentration, and targeting.

5.
Oncol Rep ; 46(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528694

RESUMO

Ubiquilin­1 (UBQLN1) is an essential factor for the maintenance of proteostasis in cells. It is important for the regulation of different protein degradation mechanisms, including the ubiquitin­proteasome system, autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum­associated protein degradation pathways. However, the role of UBQLN1 in cancer progression remains largely unknown. In the present study, the expression, functions and molecular mechanisms of UBQLN1 in breast cancer tissue samples and cell lines were explored. Immunohistochemical and bioinformatics analyses revealed that UBQLN1 expression was significantly upregulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. UBQLN1 expression in breast cancer was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage. Moreover, a high UBQLN1 expression was a predictor of an unfavorable survival in patients with breast cancer. In vitro, UBQLN1 silencing markedly inhibited cell migration and invasion, epithelial­to­mesenchymal transition (EMT) and MMP expression. UBQLN1 silencing attenuated the stem cell­like properties of breast cancer cells, including their mammosphere­forming abilities. UBQLN1 knockdown also enhanced breast cancer cell chemosensitivity to paclitaxel. The expression levels of the stem cell markers. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), Oct­4 and Sox2 were significantly decreased in the cells in which UBQLN1 was silenced, whereas breast cancer stem cells exhibited an increased expression of UBQLN1. Mechanistically, UBQLN1 knockdown inhibited the activation of AKT signaling, as revealed by the increased PTEN expression and the decreased expression of phosphorylated AKT in cells in which UBQLN1 was silenced. On the whole, the present study demonstrates that UBQLN1 is aberrantly upregulated in breast cancer and predicts a poor prognosis. The silencing of UBQLN1 inhibited the invasion, EMT and stemness of breast cancer cells, possibly via AKT signaling.

6.
Analyst ; 146(19): 5866-5872, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570847

RESUMO

DNA-tuned dye assemblies have received considerable attention toward developing various devices. Owing to easy conformation implementation, G-quadruplexes (G4s) have been extensively used as initiators to grow dye assemblies with controllable chiralities. However, programmed chirality regulation of dye assemblies for a given G4 sequence has not been realized in a straightforward manner. In this work, we replaced a middle guanine in the G-tracts of a human telomeric G4 with an apurinic site (AP site) to meet the programmed dye assemblies. Although all of the AP site replacements altered the G4 conformation from the hybrid to the antiparallel folding, the handedness of pinacyanol (PIN) assemblies grown on the AP site-containing G4 was programmably regulated. The G4 with the AP site at the 5'-most G-tract grew right-handed assemblies, while that with the AP site at the 3'-most G-tract grew left-handed assemblies. The handedness of assemblies almost totally mirrored each other within 450-700 nm. Interestingly, we found that the AP site provided a specific binding site for guanosine and guanine, and this binding event sensitively broke the chiral assemblies. Thus, dye assembly-based sensors can be easily established based on the chiral responses with a high selectivity and sensitivity. Our work first demonstrates the AP site programmed chirality regulation of G4-grown dye assemblies and will find wide application in chiral devices.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , DNA , Guanina , Guanosina , Humanos , Telômero
7.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 48: 116398, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547714

RESUMO

Despite the success of imatinib in CML therapy through Bcr-Abl inhibition, acquired drug resistance occurs over time in patients. In particular, the resistance caused by T315I mutation remains a challenge in clinic. Herein, we embarked on a structural optimization campaign aiming at discovery of novel Bcr-Abl inhibitors toward T315I mutant based on previously reported dibenzoylpiperazin derivatives. We proposed that incorporation of flexible linker could achieve potent inhibition of Bcr-AblT315I by avoiding steric clash with bulky sidechain of Ile315. A library of 28 compounds with amino acids as linker has been developed and evaluated. Among them, compound AA2 displayed the most potent activity against Bcr-AblWT and Bcr-AblT315I, as well as toward Bcr-Abl driven K562 and K562R cells. Further investigations indicated that AA2 could induce apoptosis of K562 cells and down regulate phosphorylation of Bcr-Abl. In summary, the compounds with amino acid as novel flexible linker exhibited certain antitumor activities, providing valuable hints for the discovery of novel Bcr-Abl inhibitors to overcome T315I mutant resistance, and AA2 could be considered as a candidate for further optimization.

8.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 192: 113547, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385013

RESUMO

Herein, a photocurrent polarity switching platform for highly selective assay of mucin 1 (MUC1) was developed based on target-induced hemin transfer from ZrO2 hollow spheres (ZrO2 HSs) to G-quadruplex nanowires (G wires). In this system, SiO2 spheres were used as templates to synthesize the uniform and mesoporous ZrO2 HSs. As nanocontainers, ZrO2 HSs could load hemin in its cavity via pores. Then, the aptamers of MUC1, as bio-gates, blocked the pores of ZrO2 HSs based on the specific binding of Zr4+ and the phosphate groups of aptamer. In the presence of MUC1, the aptamer could specifically recognize and bind with MUC1, and then leave away from the surface of ZrO2 HSs, which resulted in the opening of the bio-gates and releasing of hemin. Assisted with the G wires formed on the Au NPs/In2S3/ITO, the released hemin was captured on the electrode through the formation of hemin/G-quadruplex structure, leading to the switch of the photocurrent polarity of the electrode from anodic photocurrent to cathodic photocurrent. The proposed photoelectrochemical biosensor showed outstanding performance for MUC1 assay with high selectivity, wide linear response range (1 fg mL-1 -10 ng mL-1) and lower detection limit (0.48 fg mL-1). And the strategy could be easily extended to a triple-mode detection of MUC1 because the hemin/G-quadruplex structure was widely used in electrochemical and colorimetric methods as a hydrogen peroxide mimetic enzyme, which might provide wide applications in biological or clinical studies.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Quadruplex G , Nanofios , DNA Catalítico/metabolismo , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Hemina , Limite de Detecção , Mucina-1 , Dióxido de Silício
9.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 2603842, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367535

RESUMO

The neural network algorithm of deep learning was applied to optimize and improve color Doppler ultrasound images, which was used for the research on elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) complicated with sarcopenia, so as to analyze the effect of the deep-learning-based color Doppler ultrasound image on the diagnosis of CHF. 259 patients were selected randomly in this study, who were admitted to hospital from October 2017 to March 2020 and were diagnosed with sarcopenia. Then, all of them underwent cardiac ultrasound examination and were divided into two groups according to whether deep learning technology was used for image processing or not. A group of routine unprocessed images was set as the control group, and the images processed by deep learning were set as the experimental group. The results of color Doppler images before and after processing were analyzed and compared; that is, the processed images of the experimental group were clearer and had higher resolution than the unprocessed images of the control group, with the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) = 20 and structural similarity index measure (SSIM) = 0.09; the similarity between the final diagnosis results and the examination results of the experimental group (93.5%) was higher than that of the control group (87.0%), and the comparison was statistically significant (P < 0.05); among all the patients diagnosed with sarcopenia, 88.9% were also eventually diagnosed with CHF and only a small part of them were diagnosed with other diseases, with statistical significance (P < 0.05). In conclusion, deep learning technology had certain application value in processing color Doppler ultrasound images. Although there was no obvious difference between the color Doppler ultrasound images before and after processing, they could all make a better diagnosis. Moreover, the research results showed the correlation between CHF and sarcopenia.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 790: 148091, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380268

RESUMO

The core microbiome, as a unique group of microorganisms, is an emerging research hotspot that provides a new opportunity to improve growth and production of a host. However, the subjectivity associated with the concept of "core microbiome" means there is currently no uniform definition method for the core microbiome. In this study, the strengths and limitations of four commonly used definition methods for the core microbiome were explored from composition to function based on the 16S rRNA gene dataset of Eucommia ulmoides bark from 25 different biogeographical regions in China. There were differences in the composition of the core microbiomes defined by the different methods. The four definition methods of phylogeny, membership, composition, and network connection contained 274, 10, 5, and 5 core OTUs (operational taxonomic units), respectively. In contrast, the core microbiomes defined by different methods displayed similarities in function. In addition, different definition methods showed varying preferences for abundant taxa, intermediate taxa, and rare taxa. Some core taxa defined by the definition method of phylogeny were significantly associated with pharmacologically active ingredients of E. ulmoides bark. The findings of this study suggest that although the core microbiomes defined by different methods have preferences in composition and function, the term refers to a group of microbes that are particularly notable and important for host-associated microbiomes. Therefore, we propose: (I) The definition method of the core microbiome should be selected according to the ecological problems faced; (II) A combination of multiple methods may comprehensively reveal the core microbiome at different levels of the host, and may also facilitate understanding of the ecological and evolutionary processes that govern host-microbe interactions.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae , Microbiota , Filogenia , Casca de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
11.
Drug Dev Res ; 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424555

RESUMO

Herein, two novel multifunctional releasable photoaffinity linkers were developed for effective and transient tracking interacting proteins with the overall objective of understanding their in vivo biological functions in real-time. These linkers could be used for the chemical modification of protein under moderate experimental conditions to form protein photoaffinity probes. These probes incorporated with both photoaffinity labels and tag-transfer, enable photo-crosslinking of bait proteins along with the release of unrelated groups. These photoaffinity linkers can be utilized to construct probes for disease markers, which could enable rapid diagnosis in a clinical setting at minimal interference with normal physiology.

12.
J Anesth ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internal jugular vein catheterization (IJVC) and subclavian vein catheterization (SCVC) have been the most preferred central venous catheterizations (CVC) clinically. Individual preference and institutional routine dominate the traditional CVC choice; however, it is lack of high-level evidence. We sought to provide better clinical strategy for CVC site choice based on anatomical landmark technique between IJVC and SCVC. METHODS: We systematically reviewed eligible studies from PubMed, OVID, Cochrane and ClinicalTrials.Gov till February 2020. The primary outcomes were catheterization time and overall success rate, and the secondary outcomes were the first-attempt success rate and the instant mechanical complications. Ethical problems are not applicable. RESULTS: A total of 3378 patients from 7 studies were included in the analyses. Neither difference was found on the catheterization time (SMD 95% CI: -0.095-0.124, p = 0.792), nor any difference on the overall success rate (RR = 1.017, 95% CI: 0.927-1.117, p = 0.721, I2 = 89.6%) between the 2 procedures. However, subgroup analyses showed overall success rate of IJVC was significantly lower than that of SCVC (RR = 0.906, 95% CI: 0.850-0.965, p = 0.002) in adults. The first-attempt success rate of IJVC group was higher in the adults (RR = 1.472, 95% CI: 1.004-2.156, p = 0.047). No significance was detected in arterial injury (RR = 1.137, 95% CI: 0.541-2.387, p = 0.735) and pneumothorax (RR = 0.600, 95% CI: 0.32-1.126, p = 0.112) between the two procedures. Hematoma was significantly more in IJVC group than that in SCVC group (RR = 2.824, 95% CI: 1.181-6.751, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with IJVC, SCVC shows a higher overall success rate while a lower first-attempt success rate in adults, and has involved with less hematoma. PROSPERO REGISTRATION: CRD42020165444.

13.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 193: 113572, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425518

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical analysis has been widely used in the field of biosensing due to its high sensitivity and strong anti-interference ability. Herein, a portable and versatile smartphone-based photoelectrochemical biosensing platform was developed for the rapid and on-site biomedical analysis. In the system, light excitation and photocurrent measurements were accomplished by a miniaturized and integrated circuit board. Smartphone with a specifically designed application was utilized to wirelessly control the system via Bluetooth. For photoelectrochemical sensor, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and gold nanoparticles loaded on indium tin oxide electrodes were utilized as photoactive materials and signal amplification elements, respectively. The gold nanoparticles were also used to immobilized matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) specific cleavage peptide that modified with bovine serum albumin (BSA) on the terminal. In the presence of MMP-2, the peptide was specifically hydrolyzed and cleaved. Thus, parts of the peptide chain and BSA were detached from the electrode resulting in the decrease of steric hindrance and the increase of photoelectrochemical currents. The photocurrents changed linearly with the logarithm of MMP-2 concentrations ranging from 1 pg/mL to 100 ng/mL in both buffer and artificial serum with correlation coefficient of 0.9943 and 0.9698. The limit of detections were as low as 0.48 pg/mL in buffer and 0.55 pg/mL in artifical serum. It indicated that the biosensor has good linearity and high sensitivity, which also verified the effectiveness of the portable instrument. This system provides a pioneering solution for the development of miniaturized and portable photoelectrochemical analysis instruments used for the field monitoring of different analytes.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Ouro , Grafite , Limite de Detecção , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Compostos de Nitrogênio , Smartphone
14.
EMBO Rep ; 22(10): e51871, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396669

RESUMO

Phospholipase D (PLD) hydrolyzes membrane lipids to produce phosphatidic acid (PA), a lipid mediator involved in various cellular and physiological processes. Here, we show that PLDα6 and PA regulate the distribution of GIBBERELLIN (GA)-INSENSITIVE DWARF1 (GID1), a soluble gibberellin receptor in rice. PLDα6-knockout (KO) plants display less sensitivity to GA than WT, and PA restores the mutant to a normal GA response. PA binds to GID1, as documented by liposome binding, fat immunoblotting, and surface plasmon resonance. Arginines 79 and 82 of GID1 are two key amino acid residues required for PA binding and also for GID1's nuclear localization. The loss of PLDα6 impedes GA-induced nuclear localization of GID1. In addition, PLDα6-KO plants attenuated GA-induced degradation of the DELLA protein SLENDER RICE1 (SLR1). These data suggest that PLDα6 and PA positively mediate GA signaling in rice via PA binding to GID1 and promotion of its nuclear translocation.

15.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 150: 110901, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cognitive impairment by combining event-related evoked potentials (ERPs) and China-Wechsler Younger Children Scale (C-WISC) in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with vs. without OSA. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of all consecutive children (n = 148) with adenoid tonsil hypertrophy between July 2017 and March 2019 at the Hospital. RESULTS: The children were divided into the OSA (n = 102) and non-OSA (n = 46) groups. The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), obstructive apnea index (OAI), and obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI) in the OSA group were elevated compared with those of the non-OSA group (all P < 0.001). The mean oxygen saturation (SaO2) and SaO2 nadir were lower in the OSA group compared with the non-OSA group (both P < 0.001). The respiratory arousal index (RAI) values in the OSA group were larger than those of the non-OSA group (P < 0.001). The P300 and N100 latencies in the OSA group were longer than those of the non-OSA group (both P < 0.001). Pearson's correlation analysis revealed correlations of the P300 peak latency with full-scale intelligence quotient (FIQ) (P < 0.001 and r = -0.527), verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ) (P < 0.001 and r = -0.448), and performance intelligence quotient (PIQ) (P < 0.001 and r = -0.515). There was a correlation between the N100 peak latency and PIQ (P = 0.026 and r = -0.183). CONCLUSION: ERPs, as an objective measurement, might help assess cognitive impairment in children with OSA.

16.
Pathol Res Pract ; 224: 153489, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091389

RESUMO

Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare fibroepithelial tumors, and malignant phyllodes tumors occasionally exhibit heterogeneous differentiation. Here, we report a case of malignant phyllodes tumor with pleomorphic liposarcomatous differentiation, and examined the genomic features of both components using capture-based next-generation sequencing of 425 cancer-related genes. A 56-year-old woman presented with a palpable, asymptomatic nodule in the right breast measuring 4.0 cm × 3.0 cm. Based on the findings from microscopic examination, the lesions were identified as malignant phyllodes tumor and pleomorphic liposarcoma. The liposarcomatous differentiation component was positive for S-100, but had no MDM2 and CDK4 amplifications according to the results of fluorescence in situ hybridization. The malignant phyllodes tumor and liposarcomatous differentiation component had similar genetic mutations, such as TP53, TERT, EGFR, RARA, RB1, and MED12 mutations, all of which are common mutations in phyllodes tumors. These results indicate that the pathogenesis of the pleomorphic liposarcomatous differentiation was similar with that of phyllodes tumor, but was different from the pleomorphic liposarcoma in extramammary sites. Thus, the intratumoral heterogeneity may have independently evolved after tumorigenesis.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147671

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) are important components of non-coding RNAs that participate in diverse life activities by regulating gene expression at the post transcriptional level through base complementary pairing with 3'UTRs of target mRNAs. miR-133b is a member of the miR-133 family, which play important roles in muscle differentiation and tumorigenesis. Recently, miR-133b was reported to affect estrogen synthesis by targeting foxl2 in mouse, while its role in fish reproduction remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we isolated the complete sequence of miR-133b, which was highly expressed in tilapia ovary at 30 and 90 dah (days after hatching) and subsequently decreased at 120 to 150 dah by qPCR. Interestingly, only a few oogonia were remained in the antagomir-133b treated tilapia ovary, while phase I and II oocytes were observed in the ovaries of the control group. Unexpectedly, the expression of foxl2 and cyp19a1a, as well as estradiol levels in serum were increased in the treated group. Furthermore, tagln2, an important factor for oogenesis, was predicted as the target gene of miR-133b, which was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter vector experiments. miR-133b and tagln2 were co-expressed in tilapia ovaries. Taken together, miR-133b may be involved in the early oogenesis of tilapia by regulating tagln2 expression. This study enriches the understanding of miR-133b function during oogenesis and lays a foundation for further study of the regulatory network during oogenesis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Oogênese , Ovário/metabolismo , Tilápia/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box L2/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box L2/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Ovário/citologia , Tilápia/genética , Tilápia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
18.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 37(9): 759-767, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042257

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is the fifth most common malignancy and the third most deadly tumor in the world. Zinc finger protein 479 (ZNF479) has been demonstrated to play crucial roles in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the function of ZNF479 in gastric cancer remains to be clarified. The current study aimed to investigate the role of ZNF479 in gastric cancer progression and elucidate the potential molecular mechanism. In this study, Cell Count Kit-8 and colony formation assays demonstrated that knockdown of ZNF479 inhibited cell proliferation in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. Of note, knockdown of ZNF479 hinders tumor growth of xenograft tumor mice. What is more, knockdown of ZNF479 inhibited glucose uptake, lactate production, adenosine triphosphate level, and extracellular acidification ratio; increased oxygen consumption ratio in gastric cancer cells; and decreased the expression of glycolytic proteins both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, analysis mechanism suggests that ZNF479 participated in the regulation of gastric cancer progression through affecting the ß-catenin/c-Myc signaling pathway. Collectively, ZNF479 plays a role as an oncogene through modulating ß-catenin/c-Myc signaling pathway in the development of gastric cancer, which provides a new research target for future studies.

19.
Sci Adv ; 7(18)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931457

RESUMO

During the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum [MMCO, ~14 to 17 million years (Ma) ago], global temperatures were similar to predicted temperatures for the coming century. Limited megathermal paleoclimatic and fossil data are known from this period, despite its potential as an analog for future climate conditions. Here, we report a rich middle Miocene rainforest biome, the Zhangpu biota (~14.7 Ma ago), based on material preserved in amber and associated sedimentary rocks from southeastern China. The record shows that the mid-Miocene rainforest reached at least 24.2°N and was more widespread than previously estimated. Our results not only highlight the role of tropical rainforests acting as evolutionary museums for biodiversity at the generic level but also suggest that the MMCO probably strongly shaped the East Asian biota via the northern expansion of the megathermal rainforest biome. The Zhangpu biota provides an ideal snapshot for biodiversity redistribution during global warming.

20.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Quality of life (QOL) for patients with chronic gastritis (CG) is of interest worldwide and disease-specific instruments are needed for clinical research and practice. This paper focused on the development and validation of the CG scale under the system of Quality of Life Instruments for Chronic Diseases (QLICD-CG) by the modular approach and both classical test theory and generalizability theory. METHODS: The QLICD-CG was developed based on programmed decision procedures including multiple nominal and focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and quantitative statistical procedures. Based on the data measuring QOL 3 times before and after treatments from 142 inpatients with CG, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated with respect to validity, reliability and responsiveness employing correlation analysis, multi-trait scaling analysis, factor analyses, t tests and also G studies and D studies of generalizability theory analysis. RESULTS: Correlation, multi-trait scaling and factor analyses confirmed good construct validity and criterion-related validity when using SF-36 as a criterion. The internal consistency α for all domains were higher than 0.70 except for the social domain (0.62). Test-retest reliability coefficients (Pearson r and intraclass correlations) for the overall score and all domains were higher than 0.80 except for the social domain (0.77), while they were ranging between 0.72 to 0.94 at facets level; The overall score and scores for all domains/facets had statistically significant changes (P<0.01) after treatments except for facets of social effects and sexual function with standardized response mean ranging from 0.04 to 1.03, but from 0.34 to 1.03 for the domain level scores. G-coefficients and index of dependability (Ф coefficients) confirmed the reliability of the scale further with more exact variance components, and decision information on number of items changing. CONCLUSIONS: The QLICD-CG could be used as a useful instrument in assessing QoL for patients with CG, with good psychometric properties including validity, reliability and responsiveness and also several advantages.

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