Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.021
Filtrar
1.
Front Mol Biosci ; 9: 835590, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573725

RESUMO

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a worldwide emergency, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) do not encode proteins but could participate in immune response. Methods: In our study, 39 COVID-19 patients were enrolled. The microarray of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy and COVID-19 patients was applied to identify the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs. Identified differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs were validated by qRT-PCR. Then, the lncRNA-mRNA network was constructed and visualized using Cytoscape (3.6.1) based on the Pearson correlation coefficient. The enrichment of DE mRNAs was analyzed using Metascape. The difference in frequencies of immune cells and cytokines was detected using CIBERSORT and ImmPort based on DE mRNAs. Results: All patients with COVID-19 displayed lymphopenia, especially in T cells, and hyper-inflammatory responses, including IL-6 and TNF-α. Four immune-related lncRNAs in COVID-19 were found and further validated, including AC136475.9, CATG00000032642.1, G004246, and XLOC_013290. Functional analysis enriched in downregulation of the T-cell receptor and the antigen processing and presentation as well as increased apoptotic proteins, which could lead to T-cell cytopenia. In addition, they participated in monocyte remodeling, which contributed to releasing cytokines and chemokines and then recruiting more monocytes and aggravating the clinical severity of COVID-19 patients. Conclusion: Taken together, four lncRNAs were in part of immune response in COVID-19, which was involved in the T-cell cytopenia by downregulating the antigen processing and presentation, the T-cell receptor, and an increased proportion of monocytes, with a distinct change in cytokines and chemokines.

2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The monitoring of immunotherapies is still based on changes in the tumor size in imaging, with a long evaluation period and low sensitivity. PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in assessing the therapeutic efficacy of anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1) therapy in a mouse triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) model. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. ANIMAL MODEL: A total of 54 BALB/c mouse subcutaneous 4 T1 transplantation models of TNBC. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: A 3.0-T; turbo spin echo (TSE) T2-weighted imaging, DKI with seven b values (0, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, and 3000 sec/mm2 ) and T1-twist DCE acquisition series. ASSESSMENT: DKI and DCE-MRI parameters were evaluated by two radiologists independently. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn manually on the maximum cross-sectional area of the lesion; care was taken to avoid necrotic areas. The tumor cell density, the CD45 and CD31 levels were analyzed by two pathologists. STATISTICAL TESTS: The two-tailed unpaired t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test and Pearson correlation coefficient were performed. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), mean diffusivity (MD), Ktrans and Kep values were significantly different between the two groups at each time point after treatment. There were significant differences in the mean kurtosis (MK) and Ve values between the two groups at 5 and 10 days after treatment but no significant differences at 15 days (P = 0.317 and 0.183, respectively). The ADC and MD values were significantly correlated with tumor cell density (ADC, r = -0.833; MD, r = 0.890) and the CD45 level (ADC, r = 0.720; MD, r = 0.718). The Ktrans and Kep values were significantly correlated with the CD31 level (Ktrans , r = 0.820; Kep , r = 0.683). DATA CONCLUSION: DKI and DCE-MRI could reflect the changes in tumor microstructure and tumor tissue vasculature after anti-PD-1 therapy, respectively. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 4.

3.
bioRxiv ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547843

RESUMO

To address the need for multivalent vaccines against Coronaviridae that can be rapidly developed and manufactured, we compared antibody responses against SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, and several variants of concern in mice immunized with mRNA-lipid nanoparticle vaccines encoding homodimers or heterodimers of SARS-CoV/SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domains. All vaccine constructs induced robust anti-viral antibody responses, and the heterodimeric vaccine elicited an IgG response capable of cross-neutralizing SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 Wuhan-Hu-1, B.1.351 (beta), and B.1.617.2 (delta) variants.

4.
Oral Radiol ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536525

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a disease with varied clinic manifestations. The oral symptoms and signs of LCH localized to the jaws are nonspecific, which may lead to misdiagnosis of this disease. The purpose of this paper was to present the case of a 2-year, 4-month-old LCH patient with progressive destruction of jaws caused by the delayed treatment due to the global outbreak of COVID-19. The cone beam CT analysis after an interval of 6 months reminded us the great significance of early diagnosis and treatment of LCH.

5.
Front Genet ; 13: 801902, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464844

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In this study, we conducted a comparative analysis of the structural genes of SARS-CoV-2 and other CoVs. We found that the sequence of the E gene was the most evolutionarily conserved across 200 SARS-CoV-2 isolates. The E gene and M gene sequences of SARS-CoV-2 and NC014470 CoV were closely related and fell within the same branch of a phylogenetic tree. The absolute diversity of E gene and M gene sequences of SARS-CoV-2 isolates was similar to that of common CoVs (C-CoVs) infecting other organisms. The absolute diversity of the M gene sequence of the KJ481931 CoV that can infect humans was similar to that of SARS-CoV-2 and C-CoVs infecting other organisms. The M gene sequence of KJ481931 CoV (infecting humans), SARS-CoV-2 and NC014470 CoV (infecting other organisms) were closely related, falling within the same branch of a phylogenetic tree. Patterns of variation and evolutionary characteristics of the N gene and S gene were very similar. These data may be of value for understanding the origins and intermediate hosts of SARS-CoV-2.

6.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 185: 110216, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461123

RESUMO

Porosity is one of the most important indicators used for hydrocarbon reservoir evaluation and extraction. However, obtain accurate formation porosity measurements in gas-filled boreholes can be challenging, this is because gas cannot slow down neutrons as effectively as water due to its lower hydrogen index, which results in measurement sensitivity reduction and consequently impacts the obtained porosity. One way to address this issue is loading water into the borehole which is commonly referred to as water loading. However, this process significantly increases operational time and cost, as well as shielding perforated gas zones. Therefore, a new strategy is proposed to improve the sensitivity of porosity measurement in gas or air-filled boreholes without the need for water loading. The key to this strategy is to incorporate a sleeve design outside the tool to enhance its performance in gas-filled intervals. The sleeve is composed of a downhole applicable material whose neutron slowing down ability is close to water. The optimized deployment orientation of the sleeve could then be determined through simulation. In this work, three potential sleeve materials are identified and compared based on an existing neutron porosity tool. The impacts of different tool-sleeve-borehole orientations are analyzed to determine the most effective design strategy. A series of test pit experiments is conducted to validate the feasibility of the design.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(7): 3313-3324, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The MEG3/miR-181b signaling has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several diseases including Crohn's disease. This work aimed to study the correlation between SNPs in MEG3/miR-181b and the severity of anal abscess in patients with Crohn's disease. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to analyze the expression of MEG3 and miR-181b. ELISA was carried out to examine the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, CRP, SSA, AAT, AAG and HPT in the peripheral blood of patients with Crohn's disease. Luciferase assay was performed to explore the role of miR-181b in the expression of MEG3 and TNF-α. RESULTS: The expression of MEG3 and miR-181b in the peripheral blood of patients with Crohn's disease was remarkably associated with the rs322931 and rs7158663 polymorphisms. rs322931 (C>T) in miR-181b and rs7158663 (G>A) in MEG3 significantly promoted the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, CRP, SSA, AAT, AAG and HPT. Luciferase assay demonstrated that miR-181b was capable of repressing the expression of MEG3 and TNF-α through binding to their specific binding sites. Moreover, alteration of MEG3 and miR-181b expression also showed a remarkable impact on the MEG3/miR-181b/TNF-α signaling pathway in THP-1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our study demonstrated that two SNPs, rs322931 (C>T) in miR-181b and rs7158663 (G>A) in MEG3, could aggravate the inflammatory response of anal abscess in patients with Crohn's disease via modulating the MEG3/miR-181b/TNF-α signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Doenças do Ânus , Doença de Crohn , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Abscesso/genética , Doenças do Ânus/genética , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Doença de Crohn/genética , Humanos , Luciferases , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 108: 108714, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366641

RESUMO

Daurisoline (DS) is one of the most abundant alkaloids extracted from the rhizome of Menispermum Dauricum DC, which is traditionally used to treat inflammatory diseases, especially intestinal inflammation. In this study, we established lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages in vitro and Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis mice model in vivo to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of DS and its underlying mechanisms. Disease activity index (DAI) was detected during drug intervention. The colon length, macroscopic changes and histopathological scores were adopted to observe the physiological status and the colon injury. The apoptosis of intestinal mucosa was detected using TUNEL. In addition, involved molecular indicators were measured by ELISA kits, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence (IF), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blotting. The vitro experiments indicated that DS significantly suppressed the production of Nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH), as well as inhibited the expression of NF-κB signaling pathway in RAW 264.7 cells induced by LPS. Consistent with the vitro experimental results, different doses of DS significantly reduced the incidence of diarrhea, DAI, shortening of the colon, visible damage and histological damage in DSS-induced colitis mice. Moreover, DS treatment decreased the levels of pro-inflammatory mediators cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and interleukin (IL)-1ß, and increased the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 in colon tissues. RT-qPCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses further demonstrated that DS inhibits the expression of Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. We reported for the first time that DS may be an active ingredient in treating ulcerative colitis. Its mechanism might be related to the regulation of the NF-κB and Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling pathway.

9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(4): 377-80, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of cluster acupuncture at scalp points in treating limb spasm after stroke on the basis of conventional exercise therapy. METHODS: A total of 72 patients with limb spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (36 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 6 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with exercise therapy. In the observation group, on the basis of the control group, penetrating technique of acupuncture was exerted at Qianding (GV 21) to Baihui (GV 20), Xinhui (GV 22) to Qianding (GV 21), etc. once a day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes of the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), simplified Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA), and modified Barthel index (MBI) scores of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: After treatment, the MAS scores of upper and lower limbs in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of FMA and BMI in the two groups were higher than before treatment (P<0.05), and the score of MBI in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: On the basis of conventional exercise therapy, cluster acupuncture at scalp points can reduce the spasm, improve motor function and activities of daily living in patients with limb spasm after stroke.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Atividades Cotidianas , Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Couro Cabeludo , Espasmo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 184: 110178, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366602

RESUMO

Under complex well conditions, cased-hole formation evaluation has become increasingly important since it effectively reduces downhole operational risks compared to open hole. However, thru-casing gamma density measurement proves much more challenging than open-hole measurement due to gamma's weak penetration power, and difficulties in obtaining accurate cement evaluation. To overcome these challenges, a new gamma density measurement method is introduced in this work. The method composes three aspects: 1) Construction of an extensive Monte Carlo modelling database based on an existing 4-detector gamma density tool; 2) Correlation identification between detectors and environmental parameters by designing a fast forward detector response model; 3) Development of an inverse formation model whose solution targets at both formation density and cement density in circumstances when cement is uncertain. In this process, a novel cement invasion model is also proposed and employed to obtain constraints to accelerate the computation. The correctness of the method is firstly verified using modelled data, then is applied to an offshore well with open-hole density log as the reference. Results show accurate density could be obtained where cement condition is uncertain.

11.
Open Life Sci ; 17(1): 312-320, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434368

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between interleukin (IL)-35 level and IL-35-producing regulatory T cells (iTr35 subset) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-infected mice. After the mice were injected with Mtb strain H37R via tail vein, the bacterial burden, lung lesions, and the impact of immune suppression on the infected mice were respectively assessed. The results, when compared with the control mice, showed that the mRNA expression levels of the p35 and Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 of IL-35 were significantly increased in the Mtb-infected mouse spleen at 4 or 8 weeks post-infection and their protein expression levels were concurrently increased in the lungs of the mice, especially in 8 week infected mice. In addition, the levels of serum IL-35 and the iTr35 subset in the spleen of mice were also increased in 4 or 8 weeks post-infection compared with the control mice. Importantly, the high bacterial burden and lung lesions and the low mouse weight were found at 8 week post-infection. Therefore, the mice infected with Mtb resulted in elevating IL-35 level and iTr35 subset and increasing bacterial burden and lung lesions. The findings from the study suggest IL-35 and iTr35 cells may exert an immune suppression role in chronic Mtb-infected mice.

12.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 150, 2022 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Limited information is known about preventive dental visits (PDVs) before seven years of age among children in China. This study aimed to examine the early PDV rate, identify the impact of PDV on dental caries and untreated dental caries, and explore the factors related to PDV among Chinese sampled children under seven years old. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five selected primary health care facilities in Chengdu, China, from May to August 2021. Parent-child dyads during regular systematic medical management were recruited to participate. Children's dental caries were identified through dental examinations and documented as decayed, missing and filled teeth index (dmft) by trained primary care physicians. Dental-related information was collected through a questionnaire. Zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) regression was used to test the effect of early PDV on the dmft value, and logistic regression was used to analyse impact factors on the early PDV. RESULTS: A total of 2028 out of 2377 parent-child dyads were qualified for analysis. Half of the children (50.4%) were male, with a mean age of 4.8 years. Among all the children, 12.1% had their first dental visit for preventive purposes, 34.4% had their first dental visit for symptomatic purposes, and more than half had never visited a dentist. The results showed that a lower dmft value (adjusted OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.84), a higher rate of caries-free (aOR: 6.5, 95% CI: 3.93-10.58), and a lower rate of untreated dental caries (aOR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.21-0.76) were associated with early PDV utilization. Children who had a higher rate of PDV were positively associated with living in a family with better parental behaviours (aOR: 2.30, 95% CI: 1.71-3.08), better parental oral health perception (aOR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.06-1.32), fathers who had no untreated caries (aOR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.47-0.97), families with higher socioeconomic status (aOR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.04-1.16), and dental health advice received from well-child care physicians (aOR: 1.47, 95% CI: 1.08-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: Early PDV was associated with a lower rate of dental caries prevalence and untreated dental caries among sampled children younger than seven in Western China. Underutilization and social inequities existed in PDV utilization. Public health strategies should be developed to increase preventive dental visits and eliminate social disparities that prevent dental care utilization.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
13.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1306, 2022 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35288559

RESUMO

Despite tectonic conditions and atmospheric CO2 levels (pCO2) similar to those of present-day, geological reconstructions from the mid-Pliocene (3.3-3.0 Ma) document high lake levels in the Sahel and mesic conditions in subtropical Eurasia, suggesting drastic reorganizations of subtropical terrestrial hydroclimate during this interval. Here, using a compilation of proxy data and multi-model paleoclimate simulations, we show that the mid-Pliocene hydroclimate state is not driven by direct CO2 radiative forcing but by a loss of northern high-latitude ice sheets and continental greening. These ice sheet and vegetation changes are long-term Earth system feedbacks to elevated pCO2. Further, the moist conditions in the Sahel and subtropical Eurasia during the mid-Pliocene are a product of enhanced tropospheric humidity and a stationary wave response to the surface warming pattern, which varies strongly with land cover changes. These findings highlight the potential for amplified terrestrial hydroclimate responses over long timescales to a sustained CO2 forcing.


Assuntos
Planeta Terra , Camada de Gelo , Retroalimentação
14.
Chronobiol Int ; 39(6): 886-894, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253574

RESUMO

Poor sleep, which is reportedly prevalent among healthcare professionals, could lead to various detrimental consequences. This study aimed to investigate the sleep quality of individuals working in emergency departments of public hospitals in China and explore the potential factors influencing sleep disturbance. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 7688 emergency workers from 147 public hospitals in Shandong, China. Log-binomial regression analysis was performed to explore the relationship of sleep disturbance with possible influencing factors, including individual and work characteristics, occupational stress, shift work, and musculoskeletal pain. The participants' mean Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score was 9.6 ± 4.8, with 5341 (69.5%, 68.2-70.7%) of them experiencing sleep disturbance. The sleep quality was poorer in doctors (10.2 ± 5.1, 71.0%, 69.0-73.0%) than in nurses (9.2 ± 4.5, 68.6%, 67.0-70.1%), and poorer in those working in secondary (9.9 ± 4.5, 70.2%, 68.0-72.3%) and tertiary (12.2 ± 4.9, 77.5%, 75.3-79.7%) hospitals than in primary hospitals (8.0 ± 4.1, 64.6%, 62.6-66.6%). High prevalence of sleep disturbance was significantly associated with shift work, occupational stress, musculoskeletal pain, fewer breaks in a work shift, and less exercise during leisure time, after adjusting for confounding variables. Sleep disturbance occurred in emergency workers in the following order: two-shift rotation > three-shift rotation > permanent night shift > permanent day shift. Emergency workers in public hospitals in China had poor sleep quality and commonly experienced musculoskeletal pain. Urgent and comprehensive measures are needed to combat these issues.

15.
J Med Chem ; 65(7): 5317-5333, 2022 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35352560

RESUMO

Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) plays an important role in transcriptional regulation during animal development and in cell differentiation, and alteration of PRC2 activity has been associated with cancer. On a molecular level, PRC2 catalyzes methylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27), resulting in mono-, di-, or trimethylated forms of H3K27, of which the trimethylated form H3K27me3 leads to transcriptional repression of polycomb target genes. Previously, we have shown that binding of the low-molecular-weight compound EED226 to the H3K27me3 binding pocket of the regulatory subunit EED can effectively inhibit PRC2 activity in cells and reduce tumor growth in mouse xenograft models. Here, we report the stepwise optimization of the tool compound EED226 toward the potent and selective EED inhibitor MAK683 (compound 22) and its subsequent preclinical characterization. Based on a balanced PK/PD profile, efficacy, and mitigated risk of forming reactive metabolites, MAK683 has been selected for clinical development.


Assuntos
Histonas , Neoplasias , Animais , Inibidores Enzimáticos , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Metilação , Camundongos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 2
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 351: 126926, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272034

RESUMO

The NH2OH dosing strategy for nitrogen removal was investigated in a single return continuous-flow anaerobic/aerobic/anoxic/aerobic (AnOAO) reactor fed with real municipal wastewater. A high nitrite accumulation ratio of 98% was achieved in only two days by continuously adding 10 mg/L NH2OH. When gradually reducing dosing frequency to one day every four days, effluent total nitrogen was as low as 4.8 ± 2.2 mg N/L with removal efficiency of 88.7 ± 5.3%, under aerobic HRT of 4.6 h, DO below 1.0 mg/L, and C/N of 2.8 without external carbon sources. Batch test showed that nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) activity decreased by 81% after adding NH2OH, while ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) activity remained stable. qPCR confirmed that NOB abundance decreased, and 16S rRNA sequencing further showed that g_Nitrospira belonging to NOB decreased significantly (P < 0.001). Overall, this study provides a novel strategy for advanced nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater in continuous flow systems.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Águas Residuárias , Anaerobiose , Bactérias , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Desnitrificação , Hidroxilamina , Nitrificação , Nitritos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S
17.
Anal Chem ; 94(10): 4335-4342, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35235305

RESUMO

In this work, a series of multiphoton terpyridine agents (ZA, ZA-Mex, and ZA-Hex) for fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) are designed and synthesized. The results from photophysical property research reveal that ZA-Hex, as an N-hexylated terpyridine salt, has stronger three-photon aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties compared to ZA-Mex due to enhanced intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) performance. All three terpyridine derivatives possess suitable fluorescence intensities and stable fluorescence lifetimes under different pH conditions (pH = 4.0-8.0), thereby performing multiphoton fluorescence lifetime imaging. For biological imaging applications, it is found that ZA shows good lipid droplet (LD) turn-on fluorescence performance, and ZA-Hex could easily accumulate in mitochondria with high specificity. This is the first report of terpyridine salts as three-photon AIE probes used for multiphoton FLIM imaging.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Imagem Óptica , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica , Mitocôndrias , Organelas
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 3058835, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35252442

RESUMO

Most researchers use features of diastolic murmurs to identify coronary artery disease. However, the diastolic murmurs of coronary artery disease are usually very weak and are easily contaminated by noise and valvular murmurs. Therefore, the diagnostic accuracy of coronary artery disease when only using diastolic murmurs is not well. An algorithm for improving the accuracy in the identification of coronary artery disease by combining the features of the first heart sound and diastolic murmurs was proposed. Firstly, a first heart sound feature extraction algorithm was used to identify coronary artery disease from noncoronary artery disease. Secondly, the Empirical Wavelet Transform algorithm was used to decompose the diastolic heart sound into three modes, and the spectral energy of each mode was calculated to distinguish coronary artery disease from noncoronary artery disease. Then, the features of the fist heart sound, the second diastolic spectral energy, and the parameter P3, which was used to discriminate the diastolic murmurs in coronary artery disease and in valvular disease, were combined together to improve the diagnostic accuracy of coronary artery disease. The comparison experiment results show that the accuracy of the proposed algorithm is superior to some state-of-the-art methods when they are used to diagnose coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Ruídos Cardíacos , Algoritmos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Sopros Cardíacos , Humanos , Análise de Ondaletas
19.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604329, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250431

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of our case-control study was to find the influence of lifestyle and comorbidities on COVID-19 susceptibility, identify risk factors and protective factors, and identify ways to encourage people to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Methods: Patients with COVID-19 were matched with non-COVID-19 participants in a ratio of 1:2. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test, and multivariate analysis was performed using conditional logistic regression. Results: Multivariate analysis using conditional logistic regression found that alcohol consumption (AC) and a bland diet increased the risk of COVID-19, while college degrees and above, smoking, drinking tea, and exercise, especially walking, significantly reduced the risk of COVID-19. Conclusion: After removing the effects of demographic factors, the study demonstrated that AC significantly reduced the ability of the body to resist COVID-19 infection. Moreover, following a bland diet increased the susceptibility to COVID-19. Notably, people who drank tea and performed regular exercises, especially walking, were significantly less likely to be infected with COVID-19. College degree or above relative illiteracy is COVID-19 protective factors of infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Areca/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
20.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(6): 1981-1990, 2022 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are extremely susceptible to opportunistic infections due to glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive treatments, which often occur in the respiratory system, the urinary system and the skin. However, multiple cerebral infections are rarely reported and their treatment is not standardized, especially when induced by a rare pathogen. CASE SUMMARY: A 46-year-old woman was treated with glucocorticoid and immunosuppressant for SLE involving the hematologic system and kidneys (class IV-G lupus nephritis) for more than one year. She was admitted to hospital due to headache and fever, and was diagnosed with multiple cerebral abscesses. Brain enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple nodular abnormal signals in both frontal lobes, left parietal and temporal lobes, left masseteric space (left temporalis and masseter region). The initial surgical plan was only to remove the large abscesses in the left parietal lobe and right frontal lobe. After surgery, based on the drug susceptibility test results (a rare pathogen Nocardia asteroides was found) and taking into consideration the patient's renal dysfunction, a multi-antibiotic regimen was selected for the treatment. The immunosuppressant mycophenolate mofetil was discontinued on admission and the dose of prednisone was reduced from 20 mg/d to 10 mg/d. Re-examination at 3 mo post-surgery showed that the intracranial lesions were reduced, the edema around the lesions was absorbed and dissipated, and her neurological symptoms had disappeared. The patient had no headaches or other neurological symptoms and lupus nephritis was stable during the 2-year follow-up period. CONCLUSION: In this report, we provide reasonable indications for immunosuppression, anti-infective therapy and individualized surgery for an SLE patient complicated with multiple cerebral abscesses caused by a rare pathogen, which may help improve the diagnosis and treatment of similar cases.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...