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1.
Water Res ; 191: 116807, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434708

RESUMO

Rapid enrichment of anaerobic ammonia oxidation bacteria (AnAOB) is highly associated with the granulation process; however, the interactive mechanism remains unclear, especially for the initial granulation process. A single-stage partial nitritation-anammox (PN/A) bioreactor combined with granular/floc sludge was operated for 400 days. During the experimental period, the nitrogen removal rate increased from 0.60 to 1.21 kg N m-3d-1, and the nitrogen removal capability improved primarily during a transition period (days 200-250), which was accompanied by a particle size increase and AnAOB proliferation (4.9 ± 1.7 days). Moreover, as observed by the biomass physio-morphology, the size distribution, and the microbial community shift, small flocs (< 200 µm) aggregated due to the addition of excess sodium acetate. The emerging floc aggregates represented an early form of granules, providing the initial biological carrier and necessary anaerobic microenvironment for the growth of attached AnAOB, resulting in a high AnAOB growth-rate. These results are the first direct evidence that floc aggregates are essential to AnAOB enrichment, and that they can be affected by operational conditions. This study provides an in-depth understanding of the link between floc aggregations and AnAOB enrichment and broadens the feasibility of optimizing PN/A applications.

2.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(D1): D1276-D1281, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990748

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) related single-nucleotide variations (SNVs), including single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and disease-related variations (DRVs) in miRNAs and miRNA-target binding sites, can affect miRNA functions and/or biogenesis, thus to impact on phenotypes. miRNASNP is a widely used database for miRNA-related SNPs and their effects. Here, we updated it to miRNASNP-v3 (http://bioinfo.life.hust.edu.cn/miRNASNP/) with tremendous number of SNVs and new features, especially the DRVs data. We analyzed the effects of 7 161 741 SNPs and 505 417 DRVs on 1897 pre-miRNAs (2630 mature miRNAs) and 3'UTRs of 18 152 genes. miRNASNP-v3 provides a one-stop resource for miRNA-related SNVs research with the following functions: (i) explore associations between miRNA-related SNPs/DRVs and diseases; (ii) browse the effects of SNPs/DRVs on miRNA-target binding; (iii) functional enrichment analysis of miRNA target gain/loss caused by SNPs/DRVs; (iv) investigate correlations between drug sensitivity and miRNA expression; (v) inquire expression profiles of miRNAs and their targets in cancers; (vi) browse the effects of SNPs/DRVs on pre-miRNA secondary structure changes; and (vii) predict the effects of user-defined variations on miRNA-target binding or pre-miRNA secondary structure. miRNASNP-v3 is a valuable and long-term supported resource in functional variation screening and miRNA function studies.

3.
Analyst ; 145(24): 7941-7945, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030164

RESUMO

Compared to general fluorescent probes, multi-photon fluorescent probes exhibit deeper tissue penetration, lower auto-fluorescence and lower photo-toxicity in the bio-imaging field. Herein, we synthesized a series multi-photon fluorescent probe (L1-L3) based on quinolone groups. Of notably, the three-photon fluorescence of L3 significantly enhanced when L3 interacted with liposome; moreover, L3 exhibited high selectivity towards lipid droplets in living cells. Due to its large Stokes shift, high selectivity and photon-stability, L3 was successfully used in lipid droplet imaging via multi-photon fluorescence bio-imaging.

4.
J Med Food ; 24(1): 1-9, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370169

RESUMO

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated chronic inflammatory disease of the allergic nasal mucosa. It has a significant effect on quality life; most patients with AR also suffer from sleep disorders, mood disorders, and deterioration in social relationships. As increasing numbers of medicinal plants show productive anti-inflammatory activity against inflammatory diseases, there is growing interest in natural medicinal plant ingredients. To this end, we selected Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) to evaluate its anti-inflammatory effect on ovalbumin-induced AR rats, and we further explored its impact on NLRP3 inflammasome activation and NOD2-mediated NF-κB activation. We found that APS can alleviate the nasal symptom of AR rats and attenuate pathological alterations. APS also reduced the inflammatory cytokine levels. APS not only inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome activation but also inhibited NF-κB activation by decreasing NOD2 expression and blocking the phosphorylation of NF-κB (p65). In conclusion, APS can effectively improve the inflammatory symptoms of nasal mucosa in AR rats, which may be mediated by the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and NOD2-mediated NF-κB activation. These findings indicate that APS has the potential to be used as a therapeutic agent for AR.

5.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 147(1): 93-103, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897433

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In our previous study, we discovered that resveratrol (RSV) had potential tumor-promoting effect on pancreatic cancer (PaCa) via up-regulation of VEGF-B. Therefore, we assumed that a pharmacological inhibitor of VEGF-B should potentiate the anti-tumor effect of RSV on PaCa. METHODS: Real-time PCR and western blotting were used to examine VEGF-B mRNA and protein levels. Cell viability and cell apoptosis were assessed by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis, respectively. PaCa cell-bearing nude mice were used to evaluate the anti-cancer effects of single treatment or co-administration of RSV and gemcitabine (GEM). RESULTS: We found that treatment with GEM alone dramatically decreased VEGF-B expression in comparison with control group, indicating that GEM is a potential pharmacological inhibitor of VEGF-B in PaCa. The co-administration of RSV and GEM significantly lowered expression of VEGF-B and increased phosphorylation level of GSK3ß at Ser9 when compared to RSV alone treatment either in vitro or in vivo. Combination of RSV and GEM significantly increased cell death and apoptosis of PaCa cells in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo in comparison with RSV or GEM alone treatment. Furthermore, we found that the anti-tumor effect in combination group was dramatically weakened after VEGF-B overexpressed in PaCa cells. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that VEGF-B signaling pathway plays an important role in the development of PaCa and combination of GEM and RSV would be a promising modality for clinical PaCa therapy.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 757: 144048, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316517

RESUMO

This work investigated the feasibility of a novel simultaneous enhanced biological phosphorus removal and semi-nitritation (EBPR-SN) plus anammox process treating real municipal wastewater from summer to winter (28.1- 15.3 °C). Two lab-scale sequential reactors were used in this study, namely EBPR-SN and Anammox sequencing batch reactors (SBRs). Long-term operation suggested that ammonium oxidizing bacteria abundance decreased from 1.67% to 0.89% whereas nitrite oxidizing bacteria decreased to nearly undetected in the EBPR-SN SBR, maintaining the stable nitritation (nitrite accumulation ratio: 98.3 ± 1.0%). Lowering airflow rate was effective to retain nitritation with temperature decrease. Reliable nutrient removal was still maintained in winter (16.4 ± 0.7 °C), i.e. the removal efficiencies for nitrogen and phosphorus were 80.0 ± 3.5% and 95.4 ± 5.2%, respectively, with short aerobic HRT (6.4 h) and low dissolved oxygen (0.2-1.5 mg/L). The percentage of anammox contribution to nitrogen-removal increased with temperature decrease, although Candidatus Brocadia abundance decreased. Additionally, the protection of extracellular polymeric substances was important to the successful performance.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Águas Residuárias , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Fósforo , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
7.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(2): 350-356, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859797

RESUMO

Flavonoids have been reported to have therapeutic potential for spinal cord injury. Hawthorn leaves have abundant content and species of total flavonoids, and studies of the effects of the total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves on spinal cord injury have not been published in or outside China. Therefore, Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish a spinal cord injury model by Allen's method. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 mL of different concentrations of total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) after spinal cord injury. Injections were administered once every 6 hours, three times a day, for 14 days. After treatment with various concentrations of total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves, the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores and histological staining indicated decreases in the lesion cavity and number of apoptotic cells of the injured spinal cord tissue; the morphological arrangement of the myelin sheath and nerve cells tended to be regular; and the Nissl bodies in neurons increased. The Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores of treated spinal cord injury rats were increased. Western blot assays showed that the expression levels of pro-apoptotic Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were decreased, but the expression level of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein was increased. The improvement of the above physiological indicators showed a dose-dependent relationship with the concentration of total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves. The above findings confirm that total flavonoids of hawthorn leaves can reduce apoptosis and exert neuroprotective effects to promote the recovery of the motor function of rats with spinal cord injury. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Guangxi Medical University of China (approval No. 201810042) in October 2018.

8.
Cancer Lett ; 498: 152-164, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130316

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been potentially identified as new diagnostic markers, prognostic factors and therapeutic targets in cancer. The acquisition of a mesenchymal (MES) phenotype in glioblastomas (GBMs) results into therapeutic resistance and poor clinical outcomes. The correlation between lncRNAs and MES differentiation remains elusive. Here, we report that LINC01057 as a lncRNA is overexpressed in GBMs, especially in MES subtype. LINC01057 knockdown suppresses proliferation, invasion and radioresistance of GBM cells in vitro, and tumor growth in vivo. LINC01057 knockdown leads to loss of MES signature in MES subpopulation of GBM cells, but LINC01057 overexpression promotes MES differentiation in proneural (PN) subpopulation. LINC01057 interacts with IKKα and maintains IKKα nucleus localization, leading to effective chromatin accessibility at NF-κB responsive promoters via histone modification and final NF-κB activation. IKKα knockdown disrupts the effect of LINC01057 overexpression on PN to MES transition (PMT). LINC01057 level is negatively correlated with patient prognosis in MES-subtype GBM. Collectively, our findings uncover LINC01057 as a regulator of NF-κB signaling to promote MES differentiation and a potential target for therapeutic intervention for MES-subtype GBM.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(2)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300048

RESUMO

Osteoblasts are the main functional cells in bone formation, which are responsible for the synthesis, secretion and mineralization of bone matrix. The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is strongly associated with the differentiation and survival of osteoblasts. The 3­phosphoinositide­dependent protein kinase­1 (PDK­1) protein is considered the master upstream lipid kinase of the PI3K/AKT cascade. The present study aimed to investigate the role of PDK­1 in the process of mouse osteoblast differentiation in vitro. In the BX­912 group, BX­912, a specific inhibitor of PDK­1, was added to osteoblast induction medium (OBM) to treat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), whereas the control group was treated with OBM alone. Homozygote PDK1flox/flox mice were designed and generated, and were used to obtain BMSCsPDK1flox/flox. Subsequently, an adenovirus containing Cre recombinase enzyme (pHBAd­cre­EGFP) was used to disrupt the PDK­1 gene in BMSCsPDK1flox/flox; this served as the pHBAd­cre­EGFP group and the efficiency of the disruption was verified. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protein expression levels of phosphorylated (p)­PDK1 and p­AKT were gradually increased during the osteoblast differentiation process. Notably, BX­912 treatment and disruption of the PDK­1 gene with pHBAd­cre­EGFP effectively reduced the number of alkaline phosphatase (ALP)­positive cells and the optical density value of ALP activity, as well as the formation of cell mineralization. The mRNA expression levels of PDK­1 in the pHBAd­cre­EGFP group were significantly downregulated compared with those in the empty vector virus group on days 3­7. The mRNA expression levels of the osteoblast­related genes RUNX2, osteocalcin and collagen I were significantly decreased in the BX­912 and pHBAd­cre­EGFP groups on days 7 and 21 compared with those in the control and empty vector virus groups. Overall, the results indicated that BX­912 and disruption of the PDK­1 gene in vitro significantly inhibited the differentiation and maturation of osteoblasts. These experimental results provided an experimental and theoretical basis for the role of PDK­1 in osteoblasts.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt B): 124029, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068990

RESUMO

Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium dahliae Kleb. is a major disease in cotton. We found that pectin lyase can enhance cotton resistance to Verticillium wilt and induce cell apoptosis of V. dahliae strain Vd080. The biocontrol effect of pectin lyase on Vd080 reached 61.9%. Pectin lyase increased ERG4 (Delta (24 (24 (1)))-sterol reductase) expression, the ergosterol content of the cell membrane, the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential, hydrogen peroxide content, metacaspase activity, and Ca2+ content in the cytoplasm in the Vd080 strain and induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Pectin lyase also increased the expression levels of the ER molecular chaperone glucose regulating protein Grp78 (BiP), protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) and calnexin (CNX), reduced the expression levels of the protein Hsp40. When the PDI and BiP genes of Vd080 were knocked out, the mutants △BiP and △PDI had reduced sensitivity to pectin lyase. In the absence of external stress, ER stress appeared in mutant △BiP cells. Pectin lyase affects the ergosterol content of the Vd080 cell membrane, which causes ER stress and increases the level of BiP to induce Vd080 cell apoptosis. These results demonstrate that pectin lyase can be used to control Verticillium wilt in cotton.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377210

RESUMO

Osteoblasts are the main functional cells of bone formation, and they are responsible for the synthesis, secretion, and mineralization of the bone matrix. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt is an important signaling pathway involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, death, and survival. Some studies have shown that 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK-1) plays an important role in the phosphorylation of Akt. In the present study, an osteocalcin (OCN) promoter-driven Cre-LoxP system was established to specifically delete the PDK-1 gene in osteoblasts. It was found that the size and weight of PDK-1 conditional gene knockout (cKO) mice were significantly reduced. von Kossa staining and microcomputed tomography showed that the trabecular thickness, trabecular number, and bone volume were significantly decreased, whereas trabecular separation was increased, as compared with wide-type littermates, which were characterized by a decreased bone mass. A model of distal femoral defect was established, and it was found that cKO mice delayed bone defect repair. In osteoblasts derived from PDK-1 cKO mice, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) secretion and ability of calcium mineralization were significantly decreased, and the expressions of osteoblast-related proteins, runt-related transcription factor 2, OCN, and ALP were also clearly decreased. Moreover, the phosphorylation level of Akt and downstream factor GSK3ß and their response to insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) decreased clearly. Therefore, we believe that PDK-1 plays a very important role in osteoblast differentiation and bone formation by regulating the PDK-1/Akt/GSK3ß signaling pathway.

12.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303946

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies uncovered the association of ZNF804A (Zinc-finger protein 804A) with schizophrenia (SZ). In vitro data have indicated that ZNF804A might exert its biological roles by regulating spine and neurite morphogenesis. However, no in vivo data are available for the role of ZNF804A in psychiatric disorders in general, SZ in particular. We generated ZFP804A mutant mice, and they showed deficits in contextual fear and spatial memory. We also observed the sensorimotor gating impairment, as revealed by the prepulse inhibition test, but only in female ZFP804A mutant mice from the age of 6 months. Notably, the PPI difference between the female mutant and control mice was no longer existed with the administration of Clozapine or after the ovariectomy. Hippocampal long-term potentiation was normal in both genders of the mutant mice. Long-term depression was absent in male mutants, but facilitated in the female mutants. Protein levels of hippocampal serotonin-6 receptor and GABAB1 receptor were increased, while those of cortical dopamine 2 receptor were decreased in the female mutants with no obvious changes in the male mutants. Moreover, the spine density was reduced in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of the mutant mice. Knockdown of ZFP804A impaired the neurite morphogenesis of cortical and hippocampal neurons, while its overexpression enhanced neurite morphogenesis only in the cortical neurons in vitro. Our data collectively support the idea that ZFP804A/ZNF804A plays important roles in the cognitive functions and sensorimotor gating, and its dysfunction may contribute to SZ, particularly in the female patients.

13.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325741

RESUMO

Two new cytochalasins, deacetyl-19-epi-cytochalasin P1 (1), deacetyl-19,20-epoxycytochalasin D (2) were isolated from the endophytic fungus Diaporthe sp. RJ-47, along with four known compounds deacetyl-5,6-dihydro-7-oxo-19,20-epoxycytochalasin C (3), 19,20-epoxycytochalasin Q (4), 19,20-epoxycytochalasin C (5) and deacetyl-19,20-epoxy cytochalasin C (6). Their structures were unambiguously elucidated on the basis of the comprehensive analysis of extensive spectroscopic data. The antimicrobial effects of these compounds were evaluated.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23065, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157964

RESUMO

Dental general anesthesia (DGA) is a safe and high-quality restorative and preventive treatment option for children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC), who require extensive dental treatment and exhibit anxiety and emotional or cognitive immaturity or are medically compromised. However, several postoperative complications have been reported in children under DGA. This study aimed to evaluate and analyze the prevalence of the relevant factors of postoperative complications in healthy Chinese children following DGA to provide a foundation for pre-, intra-, and postoperative overall health management for healthy and disabled children after DGA.A total of 369 systematically healthy Chinese children (36-71 months old) undergoing a DGA were studied. Data were collected on patients' histories, characteristics, anesthesia, and dental procedures. Parents or caregivers were interviewed before and 72 hours after the procedure. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.Approximately 94.86% of the enrolled children reported one or more complications. The most prevalent complication was postoperative pain (62.70%), followed by weariness, agitation, masticatory problems, drowsiness, oral bleeding, coughing, fever, sore throat, nausea, constipation, epistaxis, vomiting, excitement, and diarrhea. The long duration of the operation was a risk factor for postoperative pain and weariness. A high nutritional status could be a protective factor for postoperative fever.Prolonged operation means complex treatment, such as pulp therapy or extraction. We speculate that the longer the duration is, the more difficult the dental procedures are. The accumulation of discomfort leads to pain. We suspect that children in lower nutritional levels are more likely to suffer from bacteremia or dehydration, resulting in fever.Postoperative pain was the most prevalent complication after the DGA. A decrease in dental procedure duration might reduce the odds of postoperative pain and weariness. A high nutritional status could be a protective factor for postoperative fever. Children with low nutritional status could be more susceptible to postoperative fever.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e23234, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217839

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acupuncture and moxibustion has become a commonly used adjuvant treatment method to improve the success rate of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). However, There is still insufficient evidence that acupuncture treatment can improve the local microenvironment of endometrium, the endometrial receptivity, and the pregnancy outcome of patients, which is worthy of further study. METHOD/DESIGN: To investigate the effect of Stage by Stage Acupuncture and Moxibustion Therapy on endometrial receptivity and Pregnancy Outcome based on the theory of "Chong channel being sea of blood," we will conduct a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Inclusion criteria are as follows: infertile women under 45 years of age who received IVF-ET or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles. The study will only be applied to women who have failed repeated implantation, that is, women who have failed 3 or more embryo transplants in the past (existing frozen embryos do not require the retrieval of eggs). Those who are not prepared to receive IVF-ET or are at risk of pregnancy, have a serious medical condition, or are egg donors will be excluded. Subjects will be randomly assigned to either the acupuncture group (IVF-ET plus stage-by-stage acupuncture and moxibustion therapy based on the "Chong channel being sea of blood" theory) or the control group (IVF-ET only). The trial required a total sample size of 246 women to compare endometrial receptivity between the 2 groups. The acupuncture group will receive acupuncture and moxibustion treatment 3 times a week starting from the third day of menstruation in the ovary stimulation cycle. One menstrual cycle was one course of treatment, and a total of 3 menstrual cycles were treated. The main outcome indicator was clinical pregnancy rate. Secondary outcome indicators were the three-dimensional volume blood flow parameters (vascularization index, flow index, and vascularization flow index) of the endometrium, endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, uterine artery PI, RI, and S/D during the "implantation window period" (20-24 days after menstruation in the ovary stimulation cycle). DISCUSSION: This study will provide important evidence for the use of Stage by Stage Acupuncture and Moxibustion Therapy Based on the "Chong Channel Being Sea of Blood" Theory in IVF. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=28811&htm=4 ID: ChiCTR1800017191 (07/17/2018).


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Endométrio/fisiologia , Moxibustão , Taxa de Gravidez , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Endométrio/irrigação sanguínea , Endométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Artéria Uterina
16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(38): 5749-5758, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132632

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), various measures have been taken to protect against the infection. As droplet and contact transmission are the main routes of COVID-19 infection, endoscopy centers are considered to be high-risk areas for exposure to COVID-19. We have undertaken several countermeasures in our endoscopic center during the pandemic, and have gained significant experience in terms of prevention and control of COVID-19. We here present our experience and strategies adopted for preventing hospital infection in our endoscopy center during the COVID-19 pandemic. We describe our management of the environment, endoscope, patients, and medical staff, and our self-made masks.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Planejamento Ambiental , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 20938-20945, 2020 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186121

RESUMO

The pandemic COVID-19 is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and it is spreading very rapidly worldwide. To date, the origin and intermediate hosts of SARS-CoV-2 remain unclear. In this study, we conducted comparative analysis among SARS-CoV-2 and non-SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus strains to elucidate their phylogenetic relationships. We found: 1, the SARS-CoV-2 strains analyzed could be divided into 3 clades with regional aggregation; 2, the non-SARS-CoV-2 common coronaviruses that infect humans or other organisms to cause respiratory syndrome and epizootic catarrhal gastroenteritis could also be divided into 3 clades; 3, the hosts of the common coronaviruses closest to SARS-CoV-2 were Apodemus chevrieri (a rodent), Delphinapterus leucas (beluga whale), Hypsugo savii (bat) , Camelus bactrianus (camel) and Mustela vison (mink); and 4, the gene sequences of the receptor ACE2 from different hosts could also be divided into 3 clades. The ACE2 gene sequences closest to that of humans in evolution include those from Nannospalax galili (Upper Galilee mountains blind mole rat), Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat), Mus musculus (house mouse), Delphinapterus leucas (beluga whale), and Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's thrush). We conclude that SARS-CoV-2 may have evolved from a distant common ancestor with the common coronaviruses but not a branch of any of them, implying that the prevalent pandemic COVID-19 agent SARS-CoV-2 may have existed in a yet to be identified primary host for a long time.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Reservatórios de Doenças , /genética , Animais , /virologia , Coronavirus/classificação , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Coronavirus/fisiologia , Reservatórios de Doenças/classificação , Reservatórios de Doenças/virologia , Gastroenteropatias/virologia , Humanos , Filogenia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , /fisiologia
19.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(8): 960-965, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible factors relevant to fertilization failure in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: The medical records of 4 205 infertile patients undergoing IVF-ET treatment at the Reproductive Medicine Center, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from January 2016 to December 2017 were collected. The patients were divided into a complete fertilization failure group, a low fertilization rate group, and a control group based on fertilization rate. We examined the associations among the 3 groups in terms of female age, duration of infertility, duration of stimulation, gonadotropin (Gn) dosage, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) dosage, and total number of retrieved oocytes. According to theincidence factors, the patients were divided into a single female factor group, a single male factor group and a unisex factor group, and the correlation analysis of incidence factor among the 3 groups was performed. The patients were divided into a primary infertility and a secondary infertility in accordance with the type of infertility. We analyzed the correlation of infertility type among the three groups. Risk factors for complete fertilization failure and low fertilization rate in IVF-ET were obtained by stepwise multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Primary infertility, long infertility duration, total number of retrieved oocytes, and unisex factor were associated with completefertilization failure and low fertilization rate in IVF-ET (P<0.05), but female age, duration of stimulation, FSH dosage as well as Gn dosage were not correlated with complete fertilization failure and low fertilization rate in IVF-ET (P>0.05). Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis showed that the incidence factor, type of infertility, and infertility duration were independent influential factors for complete fertilization failure and low fertilization rate. CONCLUSIONS: Complete fertilization failure and low fertilization rate in IVF-ET are related to duration of infertility, total number of retrieved oocytes, cause of onset, and type of infertility, but they are not relevant to female age, duration of stimulation, and Gn and FSH dosage.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oócitos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas
20.
Heart ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic role of big endothelin-1 (ET-1) in left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients whose LVNC was diagnosed by cardiac MRI and who had big ET-1 data available. Primary end point was a composite of all-cause mortality, heart transplantation, sustained ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation and implanted cardioverter defibrillator discharge. Secondary end point was cardiac death or heart transplantation. RESULTS: Altogether, 203 patients (median age 44 years; 70.9% male) were divided into high-level (≥0.42 pmol/L) and low-level (<0.42 pmol/L) big ET-1 groups according to the median value of plasma big ET-1 levels. Ln big ET-1 was positively associated with Ln N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, left ventricular diameter, but negatively related to age and Ln left ventricular ejection fraction. Median follow-up was 1.9 years (IQR 0.9-3.1 years). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that, compared with patients with low levels of big ET-1, those with high levels were at greater risk for meeting both primary (p<0.001) and secondary (p<0.001) end points. The C-statistic estimation of Ln big ET-1 for predicting the primary outcome was 0.755 (95% CI 0.685 to 0.824, p<0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors, Ln big ET-1 was identified as an independent predictor of the composite primary outcome (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.27 to 2.62, p=0.001) and secondary outcome (HR 1.93, 95% CI 1.32 to 2.83, p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma big ET-1 may be a valuable index to predict the clinical adverse outcomes in patients with LVNC.

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