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1.
J Neural Eng ; 20(1)2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608339

RESUMO

Objective. Motor imagery (MI) is a process of autonomously modulating the motor area to rehearse action mentally without actual execution. Based on the neuroplasticity of the cerebral cortex, MI can promote the functional rehabilitation of the injured cerebral cortex motor area. However, it usually takes several days to a few months to train individuals to acquire the necessary MI ability to control rehabilitation equipment in current studies, which greatly limits the clinical application of rehabilitation training systems based on the MI brain-computer interface (BCI).Approach. A novel MI training paradigm combined with the error related potential (ErrP) is proposed, and online adaptive training of the MI classifier was performed using ErrP. ErrP is used to correct the output of the MI classification to obtain a higher accuracy of kinesthetic feedback based on the imagination intention of subjects while generating simulated labels for MI online adaptive training. In this way, we improved the MI training efficiency. Thirteen subjects were randomly divided into an experimental group using the proposed paradigm and a control group using the traditional MI training paradigm to participate in six MI training experiments.Main results. The proposed paradigm enabled the experimental group to obtain a higher event-related desynchronization modulation level in the contralateral brain region compared with the control group and 69.76% online classification accuracy of MI after three MI training experiments. The online classification accuracy reached 72.76% and the whole system recognized the MI intention of the subjects with an online accuracy of 82.61% after six experiments.Significance. Compared with the conventional unimodal MI training strategy, the proposed approach enables subjects to use the MI-BCI based system directly and achieve a better performance after only three training experiments with training left and right hands simultaneously. This greatly improves the usability of the MI-BCI-based rehabilitation system and makes it more convenient for clinical use.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Córtex Motor , Humanos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Imagens, Psicoterapia , Encéfalo , Imaginação
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(2): 1100-1112, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604158

RESUMO

Glucoraphanin, rich in broccoli seed extract (BSE), is generally inert but can be biotransformed into active sulforaphane by gut bacteria. This study aimed to screen probiotics with glucoraphanin-metabolizing ability and explore the effect of a combination of strain and BSE on colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in mice. Bifidobacterium longum CCFM1206 was isolated from healthy adult feces. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography Q Exactive mass spectrometry analysis revealed the presence of sulforaphane, sulforaphane-l-cysteine, and erucin in the BSE supernatant fermented by B. longum CCFM1206 in vitro. Combined and individual interventions of BSE and B. longum CCFM1206 were applied to explore the effects on DSS-induced colitis. The results suggested that the combination of B. longum CCFM1206 and BSE could ameliorate colitis symptoms, relieve colonic inflammatory reactions and oxidative stress, and protect the intestinal barrier in DSS-induced mice. In comparison to the BSE intervention alone, the combined intervention of B. longum CCFM1206 and BSE promoted the generation of sulforaphane and sulforaphane-N-acetylcysteine in mice colon from 220.88 ± 19.81 to 333.99 ± 36.46 nmol/g and from 232.04 ± 26.48 to 297.50 ± 40.08 nmol/g dry weight feces, respectively. According to quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical analysis, B. longum CCFM1206 and BSE effectively activated the transcription and expression of genes related to the Nrf2 signaling pathway. These results were intended to elucidate that probiotics could elevate the bioactivity of dietary phytochemicals in vivo, and the combination had potential for therapeutic treatment of colitis.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium longum , Colite , Camundongos , Animais , Bifidobacterium longum/metabolismo , Dextranos/metabolismo , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/microbiologia , Colo/metabolismo , Biotransformação , Sulfatos/metabolismo , Sódio/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
3.
Food Funct ; 14(2): 787-795, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606576

RESUMO

Gastrodin reportedly exerts various pharmacological and health effects. However, the function of gastrodin in reducing exercise-induced fatigue remains elusive. Herein, we investigated the anti-fatigue effects of gastrodin on male mice and explored its possible mechanism of action. At 50 and 100 mg per kg per day, gastrodin significantly reduced fatigue in mice, confirmed using the forced swimming test, whereas no effect was noted at 20 mg per kg per day. Gastrodin preserved muscle and liver glycogen, increased superoxide dismutase activity, and decreased malondialdehyde, blood lactate, and blood urea nitrogen levels. Notably, gastrodin upregulated the mRNA expression levels of AMPK, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and heme oxygenase 1. Gastrodin also regulated the composition of intestinal flora. These results confirmed that gastrodin activated AMPK and Nrf2/HO-1 pathways and regulated intestinal flora to improve performance in exhaustive exercise, suggesting that gastrodin is an effective functional food to alleviate exercise-induced fatigue.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Estresse Oxidativo , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Natação , Suplementos Nutricionais
4.
Food Chem ; 407: 135201, 2023 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525807

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to explore the potential of Bifidobacterium infantis fermentation to modify the composition and physiological properties of barley juices. B. infantis JFM12 showed a potent capability to decrease the total sugar contents from 0.39 ± 0.01 mg/mL to 0.35 ± 0.01 mg/mL within 24 h of fermentation. The volatile metabolite profiles were enriched after B. infantis JFM12 fermentation, leading to the changes of 13 aldehydes, 11 ketones, 10 acids, 7 alcohols, and 6 esters. A total of 98 key non-volatile metabolites were identified in the barley juice between before and after B. infantis JFM12 fermentation, including 80 non-volatile metabolites that were remarkably increased and 18 non-volatile metabolites that were remarkably reduced. Furthermore, the antioxidant activities and lipase inhibitory activities of fermented barley juice were higher than those of unfermented barley juice. Overall, B. infantis JFM12 was beneficial in increasing the quality of barley juice.


Assuntos
Hordeum , Fermentação , Hordeum/química , Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis , Alimentos , Álcoois
5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Broccoli has received widespread attention because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. The present study aimed to explore the composition of broccoli seed extract (BSE) and its effect on colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). RESULTS: BSE mainly comprises glucoraphanin and polysaccharides composed of arabinose, galactose, glucose and mannose. Animal experiments suggested that BSE intervention effectively reversed body weight loss, suppressed the levels of proinflammatory interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß, and elevated the levels of anti-inflammatory interleukin-10 and the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione in DSS-induced colitis mice. According to histopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of colon tissue, BSE intervention may repair the intestinal barrier by upregulating mRNA levels and the expression of tight junction proteins (claudin-1, occludin and zonula occludens-1). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS) analysis demonstrated that cecal short-chain fatty acids in mice with BSE administration were significantly increased compared with the model group. Sulforaphane and sulforaphane-N-acetylcysteine were only detected in BSE group mice by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-MS analysis. In addition, BSE intervention evidently increased the abundance of Alistipeds, Coriobacteriaceae UCG-002 and Bifidobacterium and decreased the abundance of Escheichia-Shinella, Lachnospiraceae others, Parabacteroides, Ruminococcaceae others and Turicibacter, which possibly promoted carbohydrate metabolism and short-chain fatty acid production. CONCLUSION: The present study aimed to elucidate the effect of BSE on colitis and found that BSE, as a novel food ingredient, has great potential for the improvement of colitis. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

6.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(12)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552590

RESUMO

Acute liver injury has multiple causes and can result in liver failure. In this study, we evaluated the hepatoprotective ability of cyanidin (Cy) and investigated its associated mechanisms. Cy administration significantly and dose-dependently ameliorated acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). High-dose Cy showed effects comparable to those achieved by the positive control (silymarin). Severe oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in the liver tissue induced by CCl4 were significantly mitigated by Cy supplementation. The total antioxidant capacity and the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase were increased and the content of malondialdehyde, lipid peroxide, tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-6 were decreased. Additionally, the Nrf2 and NF-κB signaling pathways, which regulate antioxidative and inflammatory responses, were analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay. Cy treatment not only increased Nrf2 transcription and expression but also decreased NF-κB signaling. Moreover, molecular docking simulation indicated that Cy had high affinity for Keap1 and NF-κB/p65, which may promote nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and inhibit that of NF-κB. In summary, Cy treatment exerted antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects and ameliorated liver injury by increasing Nrf2 and inhibiting the NF-κB pathway, demonstrating the potential of Cy as a therapeutic agent in liver injury.

7.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective is to explore the value of preoperative geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in evaluating long-term prognosis in elderly locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients who accepted neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) and to compare GNRI with established nutritional markers, including prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score. METHODS: Preoperative GNRI was retrospectively assessed in 172 LARC patients aged ≥ 60 years who underwent radical resection after NCRT at two centers. Optimal cutoff value of GNRI was determined by X-tile program. The association of GNRI with clinicopathological parameters and nutritional markers was analyzed. The survival ability of markers was evaluated using time-dependent receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Finally, survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: GNRI was highly correlated with nutritional markers. An optimal cutoff value for the GNRI was 96. In the time-dependent ROC curve, GNRI demonstrated a stable predictive ability for both disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis showed that GNRI was the only nutritional marker that independently predicted DFS (HR 2.457, 95% CI 1.066-5.665, P = 0.035) and OS (HR 9.002, 95% CI 3.100-26.146, P < 0.001). As an additional benefit, GNRI was able to stratify survival in subgroups of ypTNM and tumor response. CONCLUSION: Preoperative GNRI is a promising predictor of long-term survival for elderly LARC patients undergoing NCRT, superior to the established nutritional markers.

8.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360081

RESUMO

The influence of surface substance production on the freeze-drying survival of Lactobacillus casei and methods to control the surface substances during fermentation were studied. The bacteria were treated with hypertonicity combined with ultrasound, and the survival rate was determined. The optimal conditions for removing surface substance without harming the bacteria were 81 w/18 min. The surface substances provided a protective effect on the lyophilization of the bacteria without protectants. However, in the presence of protectants, excessive surface substances reduced the protective effect of the optimum protectant alginate to 39.69 ± 1.27%. Finally, the amount of surface substances and lyophilized survival rate of collected bacteria were determined by adding EDTA during fermentation and regulating fermentation conditions, such as the carbon source, carbon-to-nitrogen ratio, and pH. The highest survival rate was 85.79 ± 3.29%, which was achieved when the amount of surface substances was (2.82 ± 0.55) × 10-11 mg/CFU. Therefore, the production of surface substances by the bacteria could be reduced by modifying the fermentation stage, which has significance in the improvement of the lyophilization survival rate of L. casei and the number of live bacteria per unit mass of L. casei in the lyophilized preparation.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362285

RESUMO

Amino acids, which are important compatible solutes, play a significant role in probiotic lyophilization. However, studies on the functions of Bifidobacterium during freeze-drying are limited. Therefore, in this study, we compared the freeze-drying survival rate of Bifidobacterium longum CCFM 1029 cultivated in different media containing different kinds of compatible solutes. We found that the addition of 21 g/L proline to the culture media substantially improved the freeze-drying survival rate of B. longum CCFM 1029 from 18.61 ± 0.42% to 38.74 ± 1.58%. Interestingly, this change has only been observed when the osmotic pressure of the external culture environment is increased. Under these conditions, we found that proline accumulation in this strain increased significantly. This change also helped the strain to maintain its membrane integrity and the activity of some key enzymes during freeze-drying. Overall, these results show that the addition of proline can help the strain resist a tough environment during lyophilization. The findings of this study provide preliminary data for producers of probiotics who wish to achieve higher freeze-drying survival rates during industrial production.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium longum , Probióticos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Prolina/metabolismo , Liofilização , Bifidobacterium/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362307

RESUMO

Postbiotics are rich in a variety of bioactive components, which may have beneficial effects in inhibiting hepatic lipid accumulation. In this study, we investigated the preventive effects of postbiotics (POST) prepared from Lactobacillus paracasei on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our results showed that when mice ingested a high-fat diet (HFD) and POST simultaneously, weight gain was slowed, epididymal white fat hypertrophy and insulin resistance were suppressed, serum biochemical indicators related to blood lipid metabolism were improved, and hepatic steatosis and liver inflammation decreased. Bacterial sequencing showed that POST modulated the gut microbiota in HFD mice, increasing the relative abundance of Akkermansia and reducing the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group, Ruminiclostridium and Bilophila. Spearman's correlation analysis revealed significant correlations between lipid metabolism parameters and gut microbes. Functional prediction results showed that the regulation of gut microbiota was associated with the improvement of metabolic status. The metabolomic analysis of the liver revealed that POST-regulated liver metabolic pathways, such as glycerophospholipid and ether lipid metabolism, pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis, some parts of amino acid metabolism, and other metabolic pathways. In addition, POST regulated the gene expression in hepatocytes at the mRNA level, thereby regulating lipid metabolism. These findings suggest that POST plays a protective role against NAFLD and may exert its efficacy by modulating the gut microbiota and liver metabolism, and these findings may be applied to related functional foods.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fígado/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235833

RESUMO

As a traditional Chinese medicine, licorice is often used in functional foods for its health benefits. However, the role of gut microbiota in the efficacy of licorice has not yet been fully elucidated. We hypothesized that the involvement of intestinal flora may be a key link in licorice ethanol extract (LEE)-induced health benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LEE improves hepatic lipid accumulation in obese mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) and whether the gut microbiota plays a key role in LEE treatment. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed HFD for liver fat accumulation and then treated with LEE. The same experiments were later performed using pseudo-sterile mice to verify the importance of gut flora. Supplementation with LEE improved the obesity profile, lipid profile and liver fat accumulation in HFD mice. In addition, LEE treatment improved intestinal flora dysbiosis caused by HFD in mice, as evidenced by a decrease in the percentage of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes and an increase in the abundance of known anti-obesity-related bacteria. However, LEE failed to exhibit a therapeutic effect in pseudo-sterile mice. The results of the cellular assay showed that glycyrrhetic acid (GA), the main conversion product of glycyrrhizin (GL), was more effective in reducing fat accumulation and intracellular TG content in hepatocytes compared to GL. In conclusion, our data suggest that LEE attenuates obesity and hepatic fat accumulation in HFD mice, which may be associated with modulating the composition of gut microbiota and the conversion of LLE by the intestinal flora.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Ácido Glicirretínico , Glycyrrhiza , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Disbiose/microbiologia , Etanol/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirretínico/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirrízico/farmacologia , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
12.
Microorganisms ; 10(10)2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296261

RESUMO

The cell membrane of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum is a key structure for cell survival. In this study, we aimed to improve the lyophilization resistance of L. plantarum by regulating the cell membrane structure. Unsaturated fatty acids or cell membrane-regulating substances were added during culturing to determine their effect on the composition of cell membrane fatty acids and the survival rate of the cells after freeze-drying. The results showed that Tween 80, ß-carotene and melatonin increased the lyophilization survival rate of L. plantarum by 9.44, 14.53, and 18.34%, respectively. After adding a lyophilization protective agent at a concentration of 21.49% at a 1:1 ratio, a combination of Tween 80, melatonin, and ß-carotene was added to regulate the cell membrane, which increased the lyophilization survival rate by 32.08-86.05%. This study proposes new research directions and ideas for improving the survival rate of probiotics for industrial production.

13.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-17, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128763

RESUMO

Aging, a natural and inevitable physiological process, is the primary risk factor for all age-related diseases; it severely threatens the health of individuals and places a heavy burden on the public health-care system. Thus, strategies to extend the lifespan and prevent and treat age-related diseases have been gaining increasing scientific interest. Anthocyanins (ACNs) are a subclass of flavonoids widely distributed in fruits and vegetables. Growing evidence suggests that ACNs delay aging and relieve age-related diseases. However, owing to the low bioavailability of ACNs, their gut metabolites have been proposed to play a critical role in mediating health benefits. In this review, we introduce the biological fate of ACNs after consumption and highlight ACNs metabolites (phenolic acids) from intestinal microorganisms. Additionally, ACNs and gut metabolites exhibit outstanding anti-aging ability in Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, and mouse models, probably associated with increasing antioxidation, anti-inflammation, protein homeostasis, antiglycation, mitochondrial function, and inhibition of insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS). ACNs and gut metabolites have great application prospects as functional foods and drugs to delay aging and manage age-related diseases. Further investigation should focus on the interaction between ACNs and gut microbiota, including clarifying the complex metabolic pathway and maximizing the health effects of ACNs.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056292

RESUMO

In recent years, acute liver injury (ALI) has received wide-range attention in the world due to its relatively high morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to explore the hepatoprotective effect of Lactobacillus paracasei CCFM1222 against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI mice and further elaborate its mechanism of action from the perspective of intestinal microbiomics and metabolomics. The results displayed that L. paracasei CCFM1222 pretreatment significantly decreased the serum ALT, and AST levels, inhibited the releases of hepatic TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels, and activated the SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities in LPS-treated mice. The cecal short-chain fatty acid (SCFAs) levels were increased in LPS-treated mice with L. paracasei CCFM1222 pretreatment. In addition, L. paracasei CCFM1222 pretreatment remarkably shifted the intestinal microbiota composition, including the higher abundance of Faecalibaculum, Bifidobacterium, and lower abundance of the Prevotellaceae NK3B31 group, which is positively associated with the cecal propionic, butyric, valeric, isobutyric, and isovaleric acids. The metabolomics based on UPLC-QTOF/MS revealed that L. paracasei CCFM1222 pretreatment significantly regulated the composition of feces metabolites in LPS-treated mice, especially the potential biomarker-related butanoate metabolism, vitamin B6 metabolism, D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, caffeine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, arginine, and proline metabolism. Moreover, L. paracasei CCFM1222 pretreatment remarkably regulated the expression of gene-associated ALI (including Tlr4, Myd88, Nf-kß, iNOS, Cox2, Iκ-Bα, Nrf2, and Sirt-1). In conclusion, these results suggest the possibility that L. paracasei CCFM1222 supplementation has beneficial effects on preventing the occurrence and development of ALI by inhibiting the inflammatory responses and altering intestinal microbiota composition and their metabolites.

15.
Front Psychol ; 13: 944720, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923729

RESUMO

In the context of digital monetary market integration, the importance of cross-border digital currency research is receiving prominent attention. This study integrated Extended Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) and initial trust factors (ITM) into an integrative framework, which synthetically complemented the objective measures and subjective insights of digital currencies. The results indicated the integrated framework, which verified its robustness predicting the acceptance and recommendation intention of digital currency. By analyzing the two different features of digital currencies, this research puts forward a set of targeted solutions to ensure that users of Chinese and Korean digital currencies make a long-term policy for the sustainability, eventually benefitting the cross-border digital monetary transactions and economic cooperation in Asia, which leads the world to the sustainable development in the digital currencies field.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(16)2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36015521

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aim to investigate the use of covalent organic framework (COF) nanoparticles in the local treatment of glaucoma, both as a means of protecting retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and as a carrier for delayed release of the medication rapamycin following a single intravitreal injection. METHODS: a water-dispersible COF, and a COF-based nanoplatform for rapamycin release (COF-Rapa) was constructed. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into four groups: intravitreal injection of 1.5 µL normal saline (NS), COF (0.67 ng/µL), rapamycin (300 µM) or COF-Rapa (0.67 ng/µL-300 µM), respectively. The ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model was established to mimic high intraocular pressure (IOP)-induced retinal injury in glaucoma. Labeling of RGCs by Fluoro-Gold and retinal electroretinogram were used to evaluate retinal function. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting analyses of retinas were performed. RESULTS: COF nanoparticles were delivered in vitro and in vivo. Six weeks after the COF injection, the number of RGCs was unaffected. In addition, the number of RBPMS-positive RGCs, GFAP-positive astrocytes and Iba1-positive microglia did not differ from the normal control. COF could effectively reduce RGCs death, improve phototransduction function and alleviate the overactivation of microglia compared to NS control after retinal I/R injury. Within six weeks, the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway in the retinas could be inhibited by a single intravitreal injection of COF-Rapa. Compared with single COF administration, COF-Rapa significantly reduced the inflammatory reaction after retinal I/R injury. CONCLUSIONS: COF may act as both an RGC protection agent and a carrier for prolonged rapamycin release. This research may lead to the development of novel RGC protection agents and drug delivery techniques, as well as the creation of multifunctional COF-based biomaterials for glaucoma retinopathy.

17.
Curr Med Sci ; 42(5): 1066-1070, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is well known that a dual trigger treatment can improve clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in high or normal ovarian responders. However, it is not clear whether dual triggering also benefits patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). The aim of this study was to investigate whether a dual trigger treatment of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist combined with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) for final follicular maturation improves the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) during the GnRH-antagonist cycle in patients with DOR. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with DOR who received a GnRH-antagonist protocol during IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) cycles at Peking University People's Hospital from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Oocyte maturation was triggered by GnRH combined with hCG (n=110) or hCG alone (n=71). Embryos were transferred on the third day after oocyte retrieval or during a subsequent freeze-thaw cycle. Patients were followed up for 3 years. RESULTS: The dual trigger treatment did not affect CLBR, which is an overall determinant of the success rate of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Women in the dual trigger group had significantly higher rates of fertilization than those in the hCG group (90.1% vs. 83.9%, P=0.040). CONCLUSION: Dual trigger with GnRH agonist and hCG did not improve CLBR in patients with DOR, but did slightly improve fertilization rate, oocyte count, and embryo quality.


Assuntos
Doenças Ovarianas , Reserva Ovariana , Masculino , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sêmen , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Antagonistas de Hormônios/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Gonadotropina Coriônica/farmacologia , Gonadotropina Coriônica/uso terapêutico , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Oócitos
18.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 15: 1707-1719, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844830

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus represents an ongoing public health challenge that necessitates a heightened need to understand people's risk perceptions as well as their information-seeking behavior. Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the impact of different information-seeking behaviors on people's risk perceptions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We employed convenience sampling in order to administer questionnaires to 3048 residents in Hunan Province, China. After screening the questionnaires for inclusion in the study, multiple linear regressions were then used to analyze the impact of the characteristics of respondents' information-seeking behavior on their risk perceptions. Results: From the 3048 distributed 2611 were included. New media (80.20%) was the most frequently used source of information seeking, and traditional media were participants' most trusted source of COVID-19 information. Statistics of COVID-19 were the type of information most frequently queried by respondents, and approximately 30.0% of them reported that most or all of the COVID-19 information they sought was negative. Approximately one in five respondents reported that they sought COVID-19 information more than 10 times per day. The results of our multivariate linear regression analysis showed that "seeking information from new media ", "level of trust in new media and local propaganda", "information content being about protective behaviors and personal related information", "proportion of negative information", and "frequency of information seeking" were positively associated, and "seeking information from traditional media" and "level of trust in traditional media" were negatively associated with people's risk perception of COVID-19. Conclusion: We find that specific types of channels of information acquisition and public trust in these information channels, their informational content, and proportion of negative information, as well as a frequency of information seeking all had an impact on risk perception during COVID-19.

19.
Microorganisms ; 10(7)2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactobacillus paracasei CCFM1223, a probiotic previously isolated from the healthy people's intestine, exerts the beneficial influence of preventing the development of inflammation. METHODS: The aim of this research was to explore the beneficial effects of L. paracasei CCFM1223 to prevent lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver injury (ALI) and elaborate on its hepatoprotective mechanisms. RESULTS: L. paracasei CCFM1223 pretreatment remarkably decreased the activities of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in mice with LPS treatment and remarkably recovered LPS-induced the changes in inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-17, IL-10, and LPS) and antioxidative enzymes activities (total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT)). Metagenomic analysis showed that L. paracasei CCFM1223 pretreatment remarkably increased the relative abundance of Catabacter compared with the LPS group but remarkably reduced the relative abundance of [Eubacterium] xylanophilumgroup, ASF356, LachnospiraceaeNK4A136group, and Lachnoclostridium, which is closely associated with the inflammation cytokines and antioxidative enzymes. Furthermore, L. paracasei CCFM1223 pretreatment remarkably increased the colonic, serum, and hepatic IL-22 levels in ALI mice. In addition, L. paracasei CCFM1223 pretreatment remarkably down-regulated the hepatic Tlr4 and Nf-kß transcriptions and significantly up-regulated the hepatic Tlr9, Tak1, Iκ-Bα, and Nrf2 transcriptions in ALI mice. CONCLUSIONS: L. paracasei CCFM1223 has a hepatoprotective function in ameliorating LPS-induced ALI by regulating the "gut-liver" axis.

20.
Nutrients ; 14(14)2022 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889786

RESUMO

Inosine is a type of purine nucleoside, which is considered to a physiological energy source, and exerts a widely range of anti-inflammatory efficacy. The TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway is essential for preventing host oxidative stresses and inflammation, and represents a promising target for host-directed strategies to improve some forms of disease-related inflammation. In the present study, the results showed that inosine pre-intervention significantly suppressed the pulmonary elevation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß)), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and restored the pulmonary catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities (p < 0.05) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice. Simultaneously, inosine pre-intervention shifted the composition of the intestinal microbiota by decreasing the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes, elevating the relative abundance of Tenericutes and Deferribacteres. Moreover, inosine pretreatment affected the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway in the pulmonary inflammatory response, and then regulated the expression of pulmonary iNOS, COX2, Nrf2, HO-1, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels. These findings suggest that oral administration of inosine pretreatment attenuates LPS-induced pulmonary inflammatory response by regulating the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway, and ameliorates intestinal microbiota disorder.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Inosina , NF-kappa B , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Inflamação , Inosina/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Camundongos , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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