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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 739749, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744722

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study is to explore the combination of dexmedetomidine (DXM) and tramadol (TMD) on sedative effect in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Methods: A total of 356 patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) were randomly divided into three groups: DXM, TMD and DXM + TMD groups. These patients were treated with different doses of DXM, TMD or combination of DXM and TMD by a patient-controlled intravenous injection device. The scores of static pain and dynamic pain, sedation degree, and adverse reaction were recorded. The plasma levels of inflammatory mediators IL-10 and C-reactive protein (CRP), and the serum level of p-p38-MAPK were evaluated. Results: It was found that administration with DXM 1.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 700 mg and DXM 2.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 600 mg result in stronger sedative effect than single administration with DXM or TMD. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) of patients with PIH were decreased with the combinational treatment of DXM and TMD. Interestingly, the PIH patients injected with DXM 1.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 700 mg and DXM 2.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 600 mg showed stronger sedative effect. In addition, the plasma level of level of IL-10 was increased and CRP decreased. The serum level of p-p38/MAPK was decreased. Conclusion: Taken together, our study indicates that combination of DXM and TMD effectively lowers blood pressure and reduces inflammation through increasing the level of IL-10, reducing CRP and inhibiting p-p38/MAPK in patients with PIH. This study suggests that the combination of DXM and TMD could be an anesthetic choice in the management of PIH.

2.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 131, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer (EC) represents one of the most aggressive digestive neoplasms globally, with marked geographical variations in morbidity and mortality. Chemoprevention is a promising approach for cancer therapy, while acquired chemoresistance is a major obstacle impeding the success of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy in EC, with the mechanisms underlying resistance not well-understood. In the present study, we focus on exploring the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HOTAIR in EC progression and sensitivity of EC cells to 5-FU. METHODS: Paired cancerous and pre-cancerous tissues surgically resected from EC patients were collected in this study. Promoter methylation of the MTHFR was assessed by methylation-specific PCR. RIP and ChIP assays were adopted to examine the interaction of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) with lncRNA HOTAIR and MTHFR, respectively. EC cells resistant to 5-FU were induced by step-wise continuous increasing concentrations of 5-FU. The sensitivity of EC cells to 5-FU in vivo was evaluated in nude mice treated with xenografts of EC cells followed by injection with 5-FU (i.p.). RESULTS: We found reciprocal expression patterns of lncRNA HOTAIR and MTHFR in EC tissues and human EC cells. Interference with lncRNA HOTAIR enhanced 5-FU-induced apoptosis, exhibited anti-proliferative activity, and reduced promoter methylation of the MTHFR in EC cells. Besides, overexpression of MTHFR attenuated the acquired chemoresistance induced by overexpression of lncRNA HOTAIR in EC cells. At last, enhanced chemosensitivity was observed in vivo once nude mice xenografted with lncRNA HOTAIR-depleted EC cells. CONCLUSION: Together, our study proposes that pharmacologic targeting of lncRNA HOTAIR sensitizes EC cells to 5-FU-based chemotherapy by attenuating the promoter hypermethylation of the MTHFR in EC.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Humanos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/química , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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