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1.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 10469-10475, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819527

RESUMO

Objective: Primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PT-DLBCL) is relatively rare, and risk factors of this disease are still not well understood. This study aims to identify clinical features and prognostic factors of PT-DLBCL patients. Methods: Thirty-two patients were included in this retrospective study who were diagnosed as PT-DLBCL and treated in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between November 2010 and May 2018. The demographic details, clinico-pathological characteristics of the patients were summarized, and the impact on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. Results: The median age of the patients was 57 (range 36-76) years old. All patients received rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) for 4-6 cycles and central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis, with a CR rate 87.5% and an ORR 96.9%. Nineteen patients continued prophylactic contralateral testis radiation therapy (PCTRT) in our hospital. The 3-year PFS and OS rates were 79% and 92%, respectively. None of the 19 patients who received PCTRT experienced local recurrence. All three patients who suffered from CNS relapse were germinal center B-cell subtype. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that PT-DLBCL patients with late-stage (Stage IV) (P =0.022), higher IPI score (IPI≥ 2) (P =0.017), B symptoms (P =0.004), and elevated LDH level (P =0.03) had a shorter PFS. More importantly, we found that patients with the ratio of the LDH level in serum to that in CSF ≥ 6.5 suffered from a worse PFS (P =0.028). Conclusion: Our work revealed that staging IV, IPI score ≥2, having B symptoms and elevated LDH level were risk factors for PT-DLBCL patients. Significantly, the PT-DLBCL patients with a high ratio of LDH level in serum to that in CSF were indicated to have a worse PFS.

2.
Mol Plant ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838037

RESUMO

The rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, produces natural rubber that serves as an essential industrial raw material. Here, we present a high-quality reference genome for a rubber tree cultivar GT1 using single-molecule real-time sequencing (SMRT) and Hi-C technologies to anchor the ∼1.47-Gb genome assembly into 18 pseudo-chromosomes. The chromosome-based genome analysis enabled us to establish a model of spurge chromosome evolution since the common paleopolyploid event occurred before the split of Hevea and Manihot. We show recent and rapid bursts of the three Hevea-specific LTR-retrotransposon families during the last ten million years (MYR), leading to the massive expansion ∼60.44% (∼890 Mbp) of the whole rubber tree genome since the divergence from Manihot. We identify large-scale expansion of genes associated with whole rubber biosynthesis processes, such as basal metabolic processes, ethylene biosynthesis, and the activation of polysaccharide and glycoprotein lectin, which are important properties for the latex production. We report the first map of genomic variation between the cultivated and wild rubber trees and obtained ∼15.7 million high-quality single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We identified hundreds of candidate domestication genes with drastically lowered genomic diversity in the cultivated but not wild rubber trees despite a relatively short domestication history, some of which are involved in the rubber biosynthesis. This genome assembly represents key resources for future rubber tree breeding programs providing novel gene targets to improve biotic and abiotic tolerance and rubber production.

3.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 359, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. Wang (YHS) is a well-known Chinese flowering herbal plant commonly used for centuries in functional food and traditional Chinese medicine. In the present study, we have identified and characterized a novel inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) with low toxicity, alkaloid extract of YHS, which suppressed angiogenesis that plays a fundamental role in a wide spectrum of physiological functions and pathological processes. METHODS: Proliferative ability of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) was assessed using MTT assay and Ki67 immunofluorescence staining. Migration ability of HUVECs was evaluated by wound healing and transwell assays. In vitro angiogenesis was tested by spheroid sprouting and tube formation assays. In vivo vascularization was examined using Matrigel plug and chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) models. Protein expression and phosphorylation levels of VEGFR2, AKT, ERK and STAT3 were determined by Western blot assay. RESULTS: We demonstrated that alkaloid extract of YHS significantly inhibited a variety of VEGF-induced angiogenesis processes including proliferation, migration, sprouting, and tube formation of HUVECs. Moreover, alkaloid extract of YHS contributed to reduced in vivo neo-vessel formation in Matrigel plugs of mice and CAM models. Further mechanistic studies revealed that alkaloid extract of YHS suppressed VEGF-induced signaling pathway as evaluated by diminished phosphorylation of VEGFR2 and subsequently attenuated its downstream regulators including phospho-ERK1/2, phospho-AKT and phospho-STAT3 levels in HUVECs. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these preclinical findings indicate that alkaloid extract of YHS remarkably limits angiogenesis and may serve as a promising anti-angiogenic drug candidate.

4.
J Forensic Sci ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830385

RESUMO

Stature estimation methods for Danish adult population have generally relied on Trotter and Gleser's and Boldsen's regression equations that are based on the skeletal remains of recent war dead American Whites, Terry Skeletal Collection, and Danish archaeological medieval skeletal materials, respectively. These equations are probably not suitable for stature estimation in contemporary Danish forensic cases. Furthermore, because postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) is now routinely performed at Danish forensic departments, equations based on PMCT, rather than measurements of defleshed bones, are needed. The aim of this study was to develop new equations for adult stature estimation based on PMCT femoral measurement. Maximum femoral length was measured on the PMCT images of 78 individuals (41 males and 37 females) aged 23-45 years. The measurement accuracy was tested on dry bones, and all the measurements were included in the inter- and intra-observer analyses. Both analyses results demonstrated the reliability of the method and data. Comparison between the living stature of the individuals and the estimates based on the equations by Trotter and Gleser and Boldsen demonstrated the unreliability of the previous equations to some extent. New regression equations were then developed and validated on a different sample of 18 Danish forensic cases. Comparisons of all the equations indicated that both the sets of previous equations underestimated the stature in the new validation dataset. The new equations developed in this study provide a reliable alternative for stature estimation in modern Danish forensic cases.

5.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 403, 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Billions of dollars are invested annually by pharmaceutical companies in search of new options for treating hair loss conditions; nevertheless, the challenge remains. One major limitation to hair follicle research is the lack of effective and efficient drug screening systems using human cells. Organoids, three-dimensional in vitro structures derived from stem cells, provide new opportunities for studying organ development, tissue regeneration, and disease pathogenesis. The present study focuses on the formation of human hair follicle organoids. METHODS: Scalp-derived dermal progenitor cells mixed with foreskin-derived epidermal stem cells at a 2:1 ratio aggregated in suspension to form hair follicle-like organoids, which were confirmed by immunostaining of hair follicle markers and by molecular dye labeling assays to analyze dermal and epidermal cell organization in those organoids. The hair-forming potential of organoids was examined using an in vivo transplantation assay. RESULTS: Pre-aggregation of dermal and epidermal cells enhanced hair follicle formation in vivo. In vitro pre-aggregation initiated the interactions of epidermal and dermal progenitor cells resulting in activation of the WNT pathway and the formation of pear-shape structures, named type I aggregates. Cell-tracing analysis showed that the dermal and epidermal cells self-assembled into distinct epidermal and dermal compartments. Histologically, the type I aggregates expressed early hair follicle markers, suggesting the hair peg-like phase of hair follicle morphogenesis. The addition of recombinant WNT3a protein to the medium enhanced the formation of these aggregates, and the Wnt effect could be blocked by the WNT inhibitor, IWP2. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our system supports the rapid formation of a large number of hair follicle organoids (type I aggregates). This system provides a platform for studying epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, for assessing inductive hair stem cells and for screening compounds that support hair follicle regeneration.

6.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23143, 2019 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish a risk scoring system for the decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in Chinese general population. METHODS: Totally 781 participants who underwent a health checkup in The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January to September 2017 were involved in the study. Significant variables chosen by multivariable logistic regression analysis were allocated the integral scores in proportion to its odds ratio (OR), and then the risk of decreased GFR was assessed based on the scores. RESULTS: The people with abnormal homocysteine (Hcy) level (OR: 1.534, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.075-2.190, P = .018), males (OR: 2.054, 95%CI: 1.365-3.092, P < .001), and those at the age of 46-52 years (OR: 2.943, 95%CI: 1.546-5.605, P = .001), 52-59 years (OR: 3.664, 95%CI: 1.937-6.931, P < .001) and ≥59 years (OR: 13.452, 95%CI: 7.339-24.657, P < .001) were subjected to GFR reduction. These three variables were allocated the integral scores in proportion to its OR, and four risk categories were divided according to the scores. The prevalence of the decreased GFR in people with low (score 0-4, n = 8), below the average (score 4-6, n = 37), above the average (score 6-13, n = 47), and high risks (score ≥ 13, n = 103) was 5.26%, 16.89%, 22.93% and 50.24%, respectively, and this prevalence raised with the increase of scores (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: A risk scoring system is developed in this study, which may offer a specific risk stratification for GFR reduction in Chinese general population.

7.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) can promote nerve and vascular regeneration, confer neuroprotection, inhibit apoptosis and inflammatory reactions, reduce oxidative stress injury, regulate neurochemicals and inhibit the formation of brain oedema in cerebral ischaemia. However, the precise site of EA stimulation in the treatment of cerebral ischaemia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we investigated the effect of EA at the acupoints of different meridians in motor function recovery and the involvement of VEGF, P-Akt, p-eNOS and CD31 were examined in the peri-infarction cortex of rats. METHODS: The Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model or sham surgery was performed in a total of Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were randomly divided into five groups: a sham group, a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) group, a Yang meridian group, a Yin meridian group and a combined Yang and Yin meridian group. EA stimulus was given during the middle cerebral artery occlusion. The neurobehavioural function was measured using mNSS, the rotarod test and the ladder run walking test, and the protein expression of VEGF, P-Akt, p-eNOS in the peri-infarction cortex was detected by Western blot. Immunofluorescence was used to measure the vascular density of the peri-infarction cortex. RESULTS: EA at different meridian acupoints has no effect on the infarction volume, while EA at Yin meridian acupoints significantly promoted neurobehavioural functional recovery, increased the vascular density and enhanced Akt/eNOS phosphorylation and VEGF expression. CONCLUSION: In the early stage of stroke, EA at Yin meridian acupoints can improve neurobehavioural functional recovery and the mechanism of this effect may be related to the enhanced expression of VEGF, P-Akt and p-eNOS in the peri-infarction cortex of rats.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844872

RESUMO

A novel 3D coordination polymer {[Cu4.5 (BTZE)1.5 (µ3-OH)3(µ-OH)(SO4)(H2O)1.5·4H2O]}n (1) was synthesized by a solvothermal reaction of 1,2-bis(tetrazol-5-yl) ethane (BTZE) with copper sulfate. Compound (1) contained triangular [Cu3(µ3-OH)] cluster based magnetic Δ-chains linked with in situ generated µ2-BTZE ligands to form a 2D cyclic annular layer. This 2D layer structure was further modified with sulfate and symmetry-related µ3-OH groups, extending to a 3D coordination framework structure. The magnetic performance of (1) was characterized in the temperature range of 2-300 K in terms of direct-current and alternating-current magnetic susceptibilities, revealing that (1) was a canted ferromagnet with a critical temperature (Tc) of 9.5 K. Notably, (1) behaved as a hard magnet with a coercive field of 2.3 kOe at 2 K, showing significant unique characteristics compared to those of the reported spin canting systems based on pure Cu(ii) ions.

9.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18197, 2019 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886514

RESUMO

ING3 (inhibitor of growth gene 3) is a member of the ING gene family, and is considered as a candidate tumor suppressor gene. In order to explore the roles of ING3 in tumorigenesis and cancer progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), ING3 expression was assessed in 173 cases of HNSCC by immunohistochemistry. The expression of ING3 was also compared to clinicopathological variables, and the expression of several tumorigenic markers. Nuclear expression of ING3 in HNSCC was significantly lower than that in dysplasia and normal epithelium, and was negatively correlated with a poor-differentiated status, T staging and TNM staging. In contrast, cytoplasmic expression of ING3 was significantly increased in HNSCC, and was statistically associated with lymph node metastasis and 14-3-3η expression. In addition, nuclear expression of ING3 was positively correlated with the expression of p300, p21 and acetylated p53. In conclusion, decreases in nuclear ING3 may play important roles in tumorigenesis, progression and tumor differentiation in HNSCC. Increases in cytoplasmic ING3 may be due to 14-3-3η binding and may also be involved in malignant progression. Nuclear ING3 may modulate the transactivation of target genes, promoting apoptosis through interactions with p300 and p21. Moreover, ING3 may interact with p300 to upregulate the level of acetylation of p53, and promote p53-mediated cell cycle arrest, senescence and/or apoptosis. Therefore, ING3 may be a potential tumor suppressor and a possible therapeutic target in HNSCC.

10.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early detection of urothelial carcinoma (UC) by noninvasive diagnostic methods with high accuracy is still underscored. This study aimed to develop a noninvasive assay incorporating both enrichment of urine exfoliated cells and immunoassays for UC detection. METHODS: Polystyrene dishes were exposed to oxygen plasma and modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane to prepare amine-functionalized nanostructured substrates (NS). Performance characterization of NS was evaluated by atomic force microscope and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Urine exfoliated cells were captured by NS and then immunostained to detect urinary tumor cells (UTCs), which was called UTC assay. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, area under ROC curve (AUC), and Youden index were used to find the cutoff value of UTC assay. ROC analysis and McNemar test were used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of UTC assay with cytology. Kappa test was used to analyze the agreement of UTC assay and cytology with pathological diagnosis. RESULTS: Nanostructured substrates had good cell binding yields of nucleated cells and tumor cells. CK20+ CD45- CD11b- cells were considered as UTCs. UTC number ≥ 1 per sample could be considered as a positive result. By AUC and Kappa analysis, UTC assay showed good performance in UC detection. McNemar test demonstrated that UTC assay had a superior sensitivity even in low-grade subgroup and a similar specificity compared to cytology in UC diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Nanostructured substrates could be used to enrich the exfoliated cells from urine samples. UTC assay with NS has the potential to play a role in UC detection. The value of this assay still needs additional validation by large, multi-center studies.

11.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671527

RESUMO

Volatile components in jujube fruits from Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Dongzao (DZ) and Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Jinsixiaozao (JS) were analyzed under different cold storage periods via headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS). Results identified 53 peaks that corresponded to 47 compounds and were mostly alcohols, aldehydes, esters, and ketones. Differences in the volatile components of jujube fruits were revealed in topographic plots and fingerprints. For DZ, 3-pentanone was the characteristic component of fresh fruits. After storage for 15 days, dipropyl disulfide became the most special substance. Moreover, when stored for 30 and 45 days, the fruits had some same volatile components, like 2-pentyl furan and diallyl sulfide. However, for DZ stored for 60 days, esters were the prominent constituent of the volatile components, simultaneously, some new alcohols appeared. For JS, 2-ethyl furan was the representative of fresh fruits, and 2-butoxyethanol content was the most abundant after 15 and 30 days of storage. Different from that in DZ, the content of ester in JS increased after storage for 45 days. Substances such as amyl acetate dimer, methyl salicylate, and linalool greatly contributed to the jujube flavor during the late storage period. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that fresh samples and refrigerated fruits were effectively distinguished. Heat map clustering analysis displayed the similarity of volatile components in different samples and was in accordance with PCA results. Hence, the volatile components of jujube fruits can be readily identified via HS-GC-IMS, and jujube fruits can be classified at different periods based on the difference of volatile components.

12.
Front Neurol ; 10: 1189, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781025

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Ischemia-induced cognitive dysfunction may result in a poor quality of life. Synaptic plasticity plays a key role in cognition promotion. An enriched environment (EE), which can attenuate cognitive deficits in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, has been shown to facilitate synaptic plasticity. However, the effect of EE on synaptic plasticity in bilateral cerebral hemispheres in stroke remains unclear. This study used a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion mouse model, which was divided into standard housing and EE groups. The Morris water maze test was performed to detect the cognitive function. Electron microscopy was used to determine the synapse numbers. The expression of SYN and GAP-43 was then quantified by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis. Compared with the standard housing, EE promoted the cognitive function recovery in the mice with stroke. Moreover, EE increased the synapse numbers and the expression of SYN and GAP-43 in both the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres (P < 0.05). A further correlation analysis revealed a positive correlation between the cognitive function outcomes and the relative expression of GAP-43 and SYN. Furthermore, the correlation of the expression of GAP-43 and SYN with cognitive function was higher in the contralateral brain than in the ipsilateral brain. In conclusion, an EE may promote cognitive function via bilateral synaptic remodeling after cerebral ischemia. Also, the contralateral brain may play an important role in the recovery of cognitive function.

13.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760539

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to explore the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients and controls, detect the effects of SLE activity on genes mRNA expression, and find the association between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to test differences in the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in PBMCs extracted from 135 patients with SLE and 130 healthy controls. Furthermore, we detected the regulatory effect of SNPs on gene expression by expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). We also tested whether the genes mRNA expression was affected with the SLE activity and analyzed the relationship between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. The mRNA expression levels of JAK2 in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P = 0.005), and PTPRC mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.001). However, no other statistical significance was detected. We found that the elevated JAK2 mRNA expression and the decreased PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.Key Points• The JAK2 mRNA expression levels in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls.• The PTPRC mRNA expression levels in SLE were decreased.• JAK2 and PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.

14.
Oncogene ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666682

RESUMO

WNT5B glycoprotein belongs to the Wnt protein family. Limited investigations revealed a possible role of WNT5B in malignancies, such as triple-negative breast cancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, whether WNT5B contributes to the progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) remains unclear. Here, we initially determine that WNT5B is highly expressed in LAD and is positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage. Consistently, clinical analysis reveals WNT5B as an independent prognostic biomarker in LAD. Silencing WNT5B suppresses the proliferation of LAD both in vitro and in vivo by interfering G1/S cell-cycle progression and modulating amino acid metabolism, revealing its remarkable oncogenic role in LAD. Of note, we also identified miR-5587-3p as a negative upstream regulator of WNT5B in LAD, which may help develop therapies targeting LAD patients with high WNT5B expression. Taken together, our results revealed an oncogenic role of WNT5B in LAD, which could be a prognostic biomarker and promising therapeutic target for LAD patients.

15.
Transl Oncol ; 13(1): 25-31, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743830

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In contrast to other studies, our previous study showed that adding induction chemotherapy (IC) to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) significantly worsened the prognosis of patients with stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the population used was small; therefore, there is an urgent need to confirm the result in a larger population because IC is still widely used in certain sections of china for stage II NPC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively analyzed an additional 272 patients. Therefore, in total, we report the results for 445 patients with stage II NPC treated with IC + CCRT or CCRT between June 2003 to June 2016 at the Zhejiang Cancer Hospital and Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center. RESULTS: This study included 445 patients treated with IC + CCRT (n = 195) or CCRT (n = 250). By last analysis, 22 (11.3%) patients in the IC + CCRT group developed local-regional recurrence and 23 (11.8%) patients developed distant metastases. Twenty-four (9.6%) patients in the CCRT group developed local-regional recurrence and 12 (4.8%) patients developed distant metastases. Univariate analyses showed that adding IC to CCRT significantly decreased the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) (80.6% vs. 88.5%, P = .043); however, there was no statistically significant difference in 5-year overall survival (OS) (90.5% vs. 95.0%, P = .375). CONCLUSION: Using a larger population, the present study showed that adding IC to CCRT had a negative effect on patients with stage II NPC, which warrants further investigation.

16.
Int J Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746376

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer has a high rate of recurrence, with M2 macrophages having been found to be involved in its progression and metastasis. To examine the relationship between macrophages and ovarian cancer in the present study, M0 macrophages were stimulated with apoptotic SKOV3 cells and it was found that these macrophages promoted tumor proliferation and migration. Subsequently, the mRNAs and proteins expressed at high levels in these M2 macrophages were examined by RNA­Seq and quantitative proteomics, respectively, which revealed that M0 macrophages stimulated by apoptotic SKOV3 cells also expressed M2 markers, including CD206, interleukin­10, C­C motif chemokine ligand 22, aminopeptidase­N, disabled homolog 2, matrix metalloproteinase 1 and 5'­nucleotidase. The abundance of phosphorylated Erk1/2 in these macrophages was increased. The results indicate that apoptotic SKOV3 cells stimulate M0 macrophages to differentiate into M2 macrophages by activating the ERK pathway. These results suggest possible treatments for patients with ovarian cancer who undergo chemotherapy; inhibiting M2 macrophage differentiation during chemotherapy may reduce the rate of tumor recurrence.

17.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-13, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619123

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play important roles in various tumors including colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we obtained data from RNA-sequencing analysis using 3 paired of CRC tissues and corresponding normal tissues. Through Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses, the biological functions of these dysregulated genes were identified. Moreover, we analyzed the expression levels of lncRNA PGM5-AS1 and B3GALT5-AS1 by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assay. To evaluate the accuracy of the lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network we built, we also detected PGM5 expression and analyzed the relationship between PGM5-AS1 and PGM5 in CRC. In addition, we explored the potential function of PGM5-AS1 in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, we identified dysregulated lncRNAs and constructed the lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network in CRC. Then, we showed that the expression levels of PGM5-AS1, B3GALT5-AS1 and PGM5 were significantly downregulated in CRC tissues compared with corresponding normal tissues. Besides, PGM5-AS1 expression was positively associated with PGM5 expression. These findings were consistent with our RNA-sequencing data. Functionally, overexpression of PGM5-AS1 could induce cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in CRC. Animal study indicated that PGM5-AS1 overexpression inhibited CRC growth in vivo. This work provides dysregulated lncRNAs as candidates for further study in CRC. The lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network brings novel insights into further function research. More importantly, PGM5-AS1 is a critical tumor suppressor in CRC.

18.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(4): 913-921, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The creation of a high-defining tragus and antitragus complex remains a demanding challenge during staged lobule-type microtia reconstruction. The success of the complex carving relies greatly on proper operation of the cartilage, which is commonly residual cartilage of various sizes. The authors discuss the relevant details for sculpting the tragus and antitragus complex based on cartilage remnants in various conditions. METHODS: A series of 562 lobule-type microtia patients underwent autogenous costal cartilage auricular reconstruction between 2007 and 2016. Because of the various sizes and shapes of the remnant cartilage used for the tragus and antitragus complex reconstruction, the authors have described possible scenarios for fabrication and introduced relevant tactics for appropriate treatment. RESULTS: Corresponding methods for various scenarios in tragus and antitragus complex fabrication have been shown to demonstrate a satisfactory appearance. The results demonstrate the achievement of a harmonious tragus and antitragus complex for the integrity of a constructed ear. CONCLUSIONS: Proper use of the residual cartilage for tragus and antitragus complex sculpture plays a vital role in acquiring a favorable contour of the auricle in microtia reconstruction. The introduced approach enhances the aesthetics and functionality of the complex for modern life. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.

19.
Indian J Med Res ; 150(1): 101-102, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571637
20.
Syst Biol Reprod Med ; : 1-9, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574241

RESUMO

HOXA10 is an important regulator of embryo adhesion. Reduced expression may contribute to embryo implantation failure. The expression of Nur77 and HOXA10 has been shown to be reduced in the endometrium of patients with recurrent implantation failure. In this study, we found that Nur77 was directly bound to the HOXA10 promoter and promoted HOXA10 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner in Ishikawa cells. Furthermore, the promoting effect of Nur77 on embryo adhesion was significantly blocked when endogenous HOXA10 expression was knocked down in Ishikawa cells. Moreover, the Nur77 agonist 6-MP was also confirmed to promote embryo adhesion. This study is the first to show that Nur77 promotes embryo adhesion by transcriptionally regulating HOXA10 expression. Nur77 and 6-MP may provide a basis to develop a new treatment for patients who suffer from embryo adhesion dysfunction. Abbreviations: HB-EGF: heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor; HOXA10: homeobox A10; NGFI-B: nerve growth factor-induced gene B; RIF: recurrent implantation failure; RPL: recurrent pregnancy loss; 6-MP: 6-mercaptopurine; IGFBP-1: insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1; LIF: leukemia inhibitory factor; IL-1ß: Interleukin - 1ß; CRISPR/Cas9: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats; AF-1: activation function-1 domain; HIF-1α: hypoxia-inducible factor 1α; CREB: cAMP response element binding.

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