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1.
Zool Res ; 44(1): 53-62, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317479

RESUMO

The development of epigenetic maps, such as the ENCODE project in humans, provides resources for gene regulation studies and a reference for research of disease-related regulatory elements. However, epigenetic information, such as a bird-specific chromatin accessibility atlas, is currently lacking for the thousands of bird species currently described. The major genomic difference between birds and mammals is their shorter introns and intergenic distances, which seriously hinders the use of humans and mice as a reference for studying the function of important regulatory regions in birds. In this study, using chicken as a model bird species, we systematically compiled a chicken chromatin accessibility atlas using 53 Assay of Transposase Accessible Chromatin sequencing (ATAC-seq) samples across 11 tissues. An average of 50 796 open chromatin regions were identified per sample, cumulatively accounting for 20.36% of the chicken genome. Tissue specificity was largely reflected by differences in intergenic and intronic peaks, with specific functional regulation achieved by two mechanisms: recruitment of several sequence-specific transcription factors and direct regulation of adjacent functional genes. By integrating data from genome-wide association studies, our results suggest that chicken body weight is driven by different regulatory variants active in growth-relevant tissues. We propose CAB39L (active in the duodenum), RCBTB1 (muscle and liver), and novel long non-coding RNA ENSGALG00000053256 (bone) as candidate genes regulating chicken body weight. Overall, this study demonstrates the value of epigenetic data in fine-mapping functional variants and provides a compendium of resources for further research on the epigenetics and evolution of birds and mammals.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Cromatina , Epigênese Genética , Animais , Peso Corporal/genética , Galinhas/genética , Cromatina/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária , Mamíferos/genética
2.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116632, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419296

RESUMO

Promoting the development of financial instruments can influence carbon emission reduction in the context of the carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals. There are currently no theoretical mechanisms to explain whether and how digital inclusive finance, as a new type of financial service, influences residential consumption-based embodied carbon emissions. This study employs the mediation model, moderation model, and moderated mediation model to empirically evaluate the influence mechanism of digital inclusive finance on consumption-based embodied carbon emissions per capita in China from 2011 to 2019. The findings demonstrate that the development of digital inclusive finance increases residents' consumption-based embodied carbon emissions by upgrading consumption level and consumption structure, but that upgrading industrial structure does indeed have a significantly negative moderating effect in implications paths, causing consumption-based embodied carbon emissions to shift from positive to negative. This study, by focusing on the advancement of digital inclusive finance, offers policymakers suggestions for reducing consumption-based embodied carbon emissions from the standpoints of consumption upgrading and industrial structure upgrading, respectively.


Assuntos
Carbono , Indústrias , China , Condições Sociais
3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 632(Pt B): 335-344, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436392

RESUMO

Nanoplastics (NPs) and natural organic matter (NOM) are ubiquitous and usually present simultaneously in the environment. Both NPs and NOM can be adsorbed to minerals such as iron-(hydr)oxides, with such interactions being important for controlling their fate in the environment. However, the quantification of NPs and NOM in mixtures remains challenging even under controlled conditions in laboratory studies. In this research, a UV-Vis method was established to quantify concentrations of NOM, such as humic acid (HA) and fulvic acid (FA), and polystyrene NPs (PSNPs) in mixtures. In addition, both original NOM samples and those recovered following adsorptive fractionation using an iron oxide (goethite, α-FeOOH) were mixed separately with PSNPs and their concentrations were further calculated via the developed UV-Vis method. The UV-Vis method performed well (recovery of 100 ± 16 %) with original NOM and PSNPs system at detection limits of 20.8 and 7.4 mgC L-1, respectively. Particularly, for original FA and PSNPs systems with carboxylic groups (PSNPs-COOH, 200 nm), a similar recovery rate could be obtained at detection limits of only 2.5 and 1.9 mgC L-1, respectively. For fractionated NOM and PSNPs systems, detection limits (31.2 mgC L-1 and 27.5 mgC L-1, respectively) are increased to reach the same accuracy. Furthermore, the UV-Vis method can be used to estimate the proportion of HA that is adsorbed to PSNPs. The relative errors are < 13.7 % when the mass ratios of PSNPs and HA was between 1.6:1 and 8:1 and HA concentration was higher than 4.6 mgC L-1. This method developed can be applied to future laboratory research to investigate the interaction between NOM, NPs, and minerals.

4.
medRxiv ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451878

RESUMO

Background: Substance use has become a critical health concern during the COVID-19 pandemic, and emerging attention has been paid to people with the persistent symptoms of COVID-19 (COVID-19 long haulers) due to their high vulnerability. However, scant research has investigated their substance use and relevant psychosocial factors. The current study was to (1) examine substance use behaviors (i.e., legal drug use, illicit drug use, and non-medical use of prescription drugs); and (2) assessed their associations with psychiatric symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder) and psychosocial factors (i.e., personal mastery and social support) among COVID-19 long haulers. Methods: In January - March 2022, 460 COVID-19 long haulers (50% female), with an average age of 32, completed online surveys regarding their demographics, substance use, psychiatric symptoms, and psychosocial factors. Results: In the past three months, the most commonly used or non-medically used substances were tobacco (82%) for legal drugs, cocaine (53%) for illicit drugs, and prescription opioids (67%) for prescription drugs. Structural equation modeling suggested that psychiatric symptoms were positively associated with substance use behaviors ( ß s = .38 to .68, p s < .001), while psychosocial factors were negatively associated with substance use behaviors ( ß s = -.61 to -.43, p s < .001). Conclusion: Substance use is common in COVID-19 long haulers and psychiatric symptoms are the risk factors. Personal mastery and social support appear to offer protection offsetting the psychiatric influences. Substance use prevention and mental health services for COVID-19 long haulers should attend to personal mastery and social support.

5.
Psych J ; 2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336336

RESUMO

Recognizing facial expressions is crucial for adaptive social interaction. Prior empirical research on facial expression processing has primarily focused on isolated faces; however, facial expressions appear embedded in surrounding scenes in everyday life. In this study, we attempted to demonstrate how the online car-hailing scene affects the processing of facial expression. This study examined the processing of drivers' facial expressions in scenes by recording event-related potentials, in which neutral or happy faces embedded in online car-hailing orders were constructed (with type of vehicle, driver rating, driver surname, and level of reputation controlled). A total of 35 female volunteers participated in this experiment and were asked to judge which facial expressions that emerged in scenes of online car-hailing were more trustworthy. The results revealed an interaction between facial expression scenes, brain areas, and electrode sites in the late positive potential, which indicated that happy faces elicited larger amplitudes than did neutral ones in the parietal areas and that scenes with happy facial expressions had shorter latencies than did those with neutral ones. As expected, the late positive potential evoked by happy facial expressions in a scene was larger than that evoked by neutral ones, which reflected motivated attention and motivational response processes. This study highlights the importance of scenes as context in the study of facial expression processing.

6.
Front Public Health ; 10: 970378, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407988

RESUMO

Background: Female long haulers deal with persistent post-acute COVID-19 symptoms that have serious health implications. This study aimed to identify resilience resources at multiple socio-ecological levels for female long haulers and describe how resilience resources affect their responses to long COVID. Methods: Purposive sampling was adopted to recruit participants through social media from April to June 2021 followed by 15 semi-structured interviews. An inductive analytical approach was adopted to categorize themes by open and axial coding that were verified by peer review. Results: Female long haulers relied on resources at various socio-ecological levels to foster their resilience in response to long COVID. At the individual level, they utilized cognitive and emotional resources to increase knowledge, learn new skills, set goals, and manage emotions; behavioral resources (e.g., internal motivation and executive functioning) to perform physical, creative, and recreational activities, and adopt healthier eating habits; and spiritual resources to perform spiritual rituals and connect with God. At the social level, the support from existing relationships and/or online social support groups enhanced their social identity and provided material and informational resources. At the health systems level, the guidance from counselors and physicians and availability of clinics, medicines, and health equipment assisted them in symptom management and medication adherence. Conclusion: The resilience of female long haulers can be enhanced through (1) offering financial and health-related resources, (2) developing online social-support groups, (3) counseling and care service training for healthcare professionals, and (4) implementing more psychosocial interventions by labor organizations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Feminino , Adaptação Psicológica , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social
7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(10): 2718-2724, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384607

RESUMO

We conducted an experiment with five treatments in winter wheat of the dryland of Northwest China, i.e. 30 t·hm-2 cow dung (M) plus different doses of nitrogen fertilizer (0, 75, 150, 225, and 300 kg N·hm-2), denoted by M+N0, M+N75, M+N150, M+N225, and M+N300, respectively. After three years of treatment, wheat yield, grain quality, and soil biological characteristics were measured in two consecutive years (2018 and 2019). The results showed that the combination of manure with nitrogen fertilizer significantly increased wheat yield compared with the manure-only treatment (M+N0). Compared with the manure-only treatment, the combined treatments significantly increased wheat grain protein content, wet gluten, sedimentation value, and extensibility, but not for starch content. Neither wheat yield nor grain quality had significant differences among the M+N150, M+N225, and M+N300 treatments, but both were prominently higher than those of M+N75. Soil microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and nitrogen (MBN) reached highest in M+N150 for both years, which were distinctly higher than those of M+N0, M+N225, and M+N300. In 2018, soil ß-1, 4-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase, L-leucine aminopeptidase, ß-1,4-N-acetyl glucosaminidase, and alkaline phosphatase activities in M+N150 treatment were higher than those of other treatments. In 2019, soil enzyme activities (excluding L-leucine aminopeptidase) in M+N150 were higher than those of M+N0 and M+N225. MBC significantly positively correlated with MBN, and both significantly positively correlated with the activities of cellobiohydrolase, ß-1, 4-N-acetyl glucosaminidase, and alkaline phosphatase. MBN significantly positively correlated with total nitrogen content and negatively correlated with NO3-. Considering winter wheat yield, grain quality, and soil biological characteristics, M+N150 was conducive to sustainable production of winter wheat in drylands of Northwest China.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Esterco , Solo , Nitrogênio/análise , Triticum , Celulose 1,4-beta-Celobiosidase , Leucil Aminopeptidase , Fosfatase Alcalina , Agricultura/métodos , Carbono
8.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360141

RESUMO

Alginate lyases (ALyases) have been widely applied in enzymatically degrading alginate for the preparation of alginate oligosaccharides (AOS), which possess a range of excellent physiological benefits including immunoregulatory, antivirus, and antidiabetic properties. Among the characterized ALyases, the number of ALyases with strict substrate specificity which possess potential in directed preparation of AOS is quite small. ALyases of polysaccharides lyase (PL) 5 family have been reported to perform poly-ß-D-mannuronic acid (Poly-M) substrate specificity. However, there have been fewer studies with a comprehensive characterization and comparison of PL 5 family ALyases. In this study, a putative PL 5 family ALyase PMD was cloned from Pseudomonas mendocina and expressed in Escherichia coli. The novel ALyase presented maximum activity at 30 °C and pH 7.0. PMD displayed pH stability properties under the range of pH 5 to pH 9, which retained more than 80% relative activity, even when incubated for 48 h. Product analysis indicated that PMD might be an endolytic ALyase with strict Poly M substrate specificity and yield disaccharide and trisaccharide as main products. In addition, residues K58, R66, Y248, and R344 were proposed to be the potential key residues for catalysis via site-directed mutation. Detailed characterization of PMD and comprehensive comparisons could supply some different information about properties of PL 5 ALyases which might be helpful for its application in the directed production of AOS.

9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19024, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347881

RESUMO

We aimed to validate and prove the novel risk score models of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-specific disease risk group (AML-DRG) and AML-Hematopoietic Cell Transplant-composite risk (AML-HCT-CR) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHCT). Among the 172 AML patients analysed, 48.3% (n = 83) were females. Median age was 31.5 years (range 14 to 62 years), two patients was more than 60 years old (1.2%). Median follow-up was 44 months (range 1 to 94 months). According to the AML-DRG model, 109, 49 and 14 patients were in low-, intermediate- and high-risk group, respectively. According to the AML-HCT-CR model, 108, 30, 20 and 14 patients were in low-, intermediate-, high- and very high-risk group, respectively. Our results showed that the AML-DRG and AML-HCT-CR models significantly predicted cumulative incidence of relapse (p < 0.001; p < 0.001). But AML-DRG model was not associated with NRM (p = 0.072). Univariate analysis showed that the AML-DRG model could better stratify AML patients into different risk groups compared to the AML-HCT-CR model. Multivariate analysis confirmed that prognostic impact of AML-DRG and AML-HCT-CR models on post-transplant OS was independent to age, sex, conditioning type, transplant modality, and stem cell source (p < 0.001; p < 0.001). AML-DRG and AML-HCT-CR models can be used to effectively predict post-transplant survival in patients with AML receiving AHCT. Compared to AML-HCT-CR score, the AML-DRG score allows better stratification and improved survival prediction of AML patients post-transplant.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
10.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383590

RESUMO

The cooperative output regulation (COR) problem of heterogeneous linear multiagent systems under digraphs has been considered under the assumption that continuous communication between neighbors and continuous update of controllers. To get rid of this assumption, that is, to realize event-triggered communication between neighbors and discrete update of controllers, this article proposes the fully distributed event-triggered observers to estimate the matrix and the state for the exosystem, and the event-triggered controllers to solve the COR problem. Moreover, the Zeno behavior is excluded by proving that the interevent times of each agent are strictly greater than zero under the design triggering conditions. Finally, two examples are given to verify the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed methods.

11.
Front Physiol ; 13: 1039913, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439260

RESUMO

Vascular remodeling during microgravity exposure results in postflight cardiovascular deconditioning and orthostatic intolerance in astronauts. To clarify the underlying mechanism, we investigated whether estrogen receptor α (ERα)-NRF1-OMI-mitophagy signaling was involved in the dedifferentiation and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) under simulated microgravity. Phenotypic markers, mtDNA copy number and mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy in rat thoracic artery smooth muscle cells were examined. Four-week hindlimb unweighting (HU) was used to simulate microgravity in rats and 10% serum was used to induce VSMCs dedifferentiation in vitro. The effects of ERα-NRF1-OMI signaling on mitophagy, phenotypic switching and proliferation of VSMCs, and cerebrovascular remodeling in HU rats were studied by genetic manipulation and chronic drug intervention. We found that ERα is positively associated with contractile phenotype switching but inversely correlated with synthetic phenotype switching and proliferation of VSMCs both in vivo and in vitro. During the dedifferentiation process of VSMCs, reduced mtDNA copy number, disturbed mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration, and perturbed fission-fusion-mitophagy signaling were detected, which were reversed by ERα overexpression. Mechanistically, the ERα downstream protein OMI preserved the mitochondrial Parkin level by increasing its protein stability, thereby protecting mitophagy. In line with this, we found that activating ERα signaling by propyl pyrazole triol (PPT) could alleviate the synthetic phenotype switching and proliferation of HU rat cerebral VSMCs by reestablishing fission-fusion-mitophagy hemostasis. The current study clarified a novel mechanism by which inhibited ERα-NRF1-OMI-mitophagy signaling resulted in synthetic phenotype switching and proliferation of VSMCs and cerebrovascular remodeling under simulated microgravity.

12.
Poult Sci ; 101(12): 102224, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347063

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of feed systems in parent pigeons on the growth performance, carcass characteristics, organ index, and serum biochemical parameters of squabs. A total of 60 pairs of parent pigeons were selected and divided into 2 groups randomly. The parent pigeons were fed with two feed systems that were whole grains plus granulated feed (WGG) and complete-formula granulated feed (CFG) for 21 d. The results showed that CFG diet could increase carcass yield, heart index, content of trypsin, and growth hormone of squabs (P < 0.05), but decrease feed intake, gizzard index, b* value, malondialdehyde concentration, and uric acid concentration significantly (P < 0.05) comparing with WGG diet. There were no significant differences among the 2 groups in feed intake from d 1 to d 21, abdominal fat yield and body weight changes of squabs and parent pigeons (P > 0.05). It can be concluded from these observations that CFG was beneficial to squab which could improve digestive enzyme and antioxidant ability in the serum, so the CFG should be suggested in practice.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Columbidae , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Ingestão de Alimentos , Antioxidantes , Ração Animal/análise
13.
Microb Cell Fact ; 21(1): 249, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genomic analysis indicated that the genomes of ascomycetes might carry dozens of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs), yet many clusters have remained enigmatic. The ascomycete genus Epicoccum, belonging to the family Didymellaceae, is ubiquitous that colonizes different types of substrates and is associated with phyllosphere or decaying vegetation. Species of this genus are prolific producers of bioactive substances. The epicoccamides, as biosynthetically distinct mannosylated tetramate, were first isolated in 2003 from Epicoccum sp. In this study, using a combination of genome mining, chemical identification, genetic deletion, and bioinformatic analysis, we identified the required BGC epi responsible for epicoccamide A biosynthesis in Epicoccum sp. CPCC 400996. RESULTS: The unconventional biosynthetic gene cluster epi was obtained from an endophyte Epicoccum sp. CPCC 400996 through AntiSMASH-based genome mining. The cluster epi includes six putative open reading frames (epiA-epiF) altogether, in which the epiA encodes a tetramate-forming polyketide synthase and nonribosomal peptide synthetases (PKS-NRPS hybrid). Sequence alignments and bioinformatic analysis to other metabolic pathways of fungal tetramates, we proposed that the gene cluster epi could be involved in generating epicoccamides. Genetic knockout of epiA completely abolished the biosynthesis of epicoccamide A (1), thereby establishing the correlation between the BGC epi and biosynthesis of epicoccamide A. Bioinformatic adenylation domain signature analysis of EpiA and other fungal PKS-NRPSs (NRPs) indicated that the EpiA is L-alanine incorporating tetramates megasynthase. Furthermore, based on the molecular structures of epicoccamide A and deduced gene functions of the cluster epi, a hypothetic metabolic pathway for biosynthesizing compound 1 was proposed. The corresponding tetramates releasing during epicoccamide A biosynthesis was catalyzed through Dieckmann-type cyclization, in which the reductive (R) domain residing in terminal module of EpiA accomplished the conversion. These results unveiled the underlying mechanism of epicoccamides biosynthesis and these findings might provide opportunities for derivatization of epicoccamides or generation of new chemical entities. CONCLUSION: Genome mining and genetic inactivation experiments unveiled a previously uncharacterized PKS - NRPS hybrid-based BGC epi responsible for the generation of epicoccamide A (1) in endophyte Epicoccum sp. CPCC 400996. In addition, based on the gene cluster data, a hypothetical biosynthetic pathway of epicoccamide A was proposed.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Policetídeo Sintases , Policetídeo Sintases/genética , Monossacarídeos , Cetonas , Ascomicetos/genética
14.
Bioresour Technol ; : 128315, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414143

RESUMO

Lignocellulose represents the most abundant carbon-capturing substance that is convertible for biofuels and bioproduction. Although biomass pretreatments have been broadly applied to reduce lignocellulose recalcitrance for enhanced enzymatic saccharification, they mostly require strong conditions with potential secondary waste release. By classifying all major types of pretreatments that have been recently conducted with different sources of lignocellulose substrates, this study sorted out their distinct roles for wall polymer extraction and destruction, leading to the optimal pretreatments evaluated for cost-effective biomass enzymatic saccharification to maximize biofuel production. Notably, all undigestible lignocellulose residues are also aimed for effective conversion into value-added bioproduction. Meanwhile, desired pretreatments were proposed for the generation of highly-valuable nanomaterials such as cellulose nanocrystals, lignin nanoparticles, functional wood, carbon dots, porous and graphitic nanocarbons. Therefore, this article has proposed a novel strategy that integrates cost-effective and green-like pretreatments with desirable lignocellulose substrates for a full lignocellulose utilization with zero-biomass-waste liberation.

15.
Biomaterials ; 291: 121885, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351355

RESUMO

Conjugated polymers (CPs) have attracted great attention due to their excellent optical properties (such as large absorption cross section, signal amplification, high photostability etc.). As representative electron acceptors and organic small molecules which are easy to be synthesized and modified, cyano-substituted stilbene (CSS) derivatives are widely used to construct photoelectrical materials. Despite donor-acceptor (D-A) conjugated polymers based on CSS have been applied in sensing and super-resolution imaging, systematic studies about the effects of different CSS structures on the photophysical properties of CPs have rarely been reported. Therefore, we have synthesized a series of D-A conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CP NPs) based on different CSS units, and found that the photophysical properties of CP NPs including the bandgap and ΔES-T were closely associated with the structure of CSS derivatives. Moreover, the introduction of tetraphenylethylene (TPE) can relieve the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effects of CSS conjugated polymers to varying degrees. The theoretical calculation further corroborated that by regulating the number and distribution of cyanide groups in the repeating units, the stronger D-A strength resulted in a redshift in the emission spectrum and the more efficient capacity of total ROS (1O2, O2•- and •OH) generation. We then selected CP6-TAT NPs, with the near infrared (NIR) emission and best ФPS, to characterize its performance in photodynamic therapy (PDT). It was revealed that CP6-TAT NPs can be regarded as an ideal candidate for PDT. The results provided a new reference for regulating the structure-effect relationship of CPs and a comprehensive method for constructing photosensitizers based on CPs.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Estilbenos , Polímeros , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes
16.
Small ; : e2205587, 2022 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36437112

RESUMO

Strain engineering of electrocatalysts provides an effective strategy to improve the intrinsic catalytic activity. Here, the defect-rich crystalline/amorphous Pd nanosheet aerogel with hybrid microstrain and lattice strain is synthesized by combining laser irradiation and phosphorus doping methods. The surface strain exhibited by the microstrain and lattice strain shifts the d-band center of the electrocatalyst, enhancing the adsorption of intermediates in the ethanol oxidation reaction and thus improving the catalytic performances. The measured mass activity, specific activity and C1-path selectivity of the Pd nanosheet aerogel are 4.48, 3.06, and 5.06 times higher than those of commercial Pd/C, respectively. These findings afford a new strategy for the preparation of highl activity and C1 pathway selective catalysts and provide insight into the catalytic mechanism of strain-rich heterojunction materials based on tunable surface strain values.

17.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 453, 2022 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play multiple roles in regulating tumor metastasis and treatment response. Current clinical indicators are insufficient to accurately assess disease risk and radiotherapy response, emphasizing the urgent need for additional molecular prognostic markers. METHODS: In order to investigate CAF-related genes associated with radiotherapy and construct prognostic CAF-related gene signatures for prostate cancer, we firstly established a radio-resistant prostate CAF cell subline (referred to as CAFR) from Mus-CAF (referred to as CAF) through fractionated irradiation using X-rays. Transcriptome sequencing for CAF and CAFR was conducted, and 2626 CAF-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with radiotherapy were identified. Human homologous genes of mouse CAF-related DEGs were then obtained. RESULTS: Functional enrichment analysis revealed that these CAF-related DEGs were significantly enriched ECM- and immune-related functions and pathways. Based on GSE116918 dataset, 186 CAF-related DEGs were correlated with biochemical recurrence-free survival (BCRFS) of prostate cancer patients, 16 of which were selected to construct a BCRFS-related CAF signature, such as ACPP, THBS2, and KCTD14; 142 CAF-related DEGs were correlated with metastasis-free survival (MFS), 16 of which were used to construct a MFS-related CAF signature, such as HOPX, TMEM132A, and ZNF467. Both Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets confirmed that the two CAF signatures accurately predicted BCRFS and MFS of prostate cancer patients. The risk scores were higher in patients with higher gleason grades and higher clinical T stages. Moreover, the BCRFS-related CAF signature was an independent prognostic factor and a nomogram consisting of BCRFS-related CAF signature and various clinical factors accurately predicted 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival time of prostate cancer patients. Furthermore, the risk score was positively correlated with multiple immune checkpoints. CONCLUSIONS: Our established CAF signatures could accurately predict BCRFS and MFS in prostate cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Neoplasias da Próstata , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia
18.
Anal Chem ; 94(43): 14965-14973, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256865

RESUMO

Carbonyl stress caused by reactive carbonyl species (RCS) is closely related to various brain diseases. As the highly reactive, highly toxic, and lipophilic RCS, malondialdehyde (MDA) and formaldehyde (FA) could easily cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induce protein dysfunction or cross-linking in the brain. Do MDA and FA coordinately regulate the physio-pathological processes of the brain? To answer the question, first of all, powerful identification and sensing tools are needed. However, competent probes for simultaneously analyzing MDA and FA in living brains are lacking, which originates from the following three challenges: (1) MDA and FA are difficult to distinguish due to their great similarity in structure and reactivity; (2) to achieve simultaneous and discriminable imaging, same excitation and different emissions are preferable; and (3) the detection of MDA and FA in living brains require the materials to pass through the BBB. Thus, we created a two-photon fluorescent agent, TFCH, for MDA/FA. The hydrazine group in TFCH could successfully differentiate MDA/FA at 440/510 nm under same excitation. Moreover, the lipophilic trifluoromethyl group (-CF3) in TFCH prompts it to traverse the BBB, thereby realizing the coinstantaneous visualization of MDA and FA in the living brain. Using TFCH, we observed the excessive production of MDA and FA in living PC12 cells under carbonyl stress and oxidative stress. Notably, for the first time, two-photon fluorescence imaging indicated the synchronous increase of MDA and FA in living brains of mice with depression. Altogether, this work provides a promising tool for revealing the carbonyl stress-related molecular mechanism involved in brain diseases.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , Formaldeído , Ratos , Animais , Camundongos , Malondialdeído , Formaldeído/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica
19.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1003743, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299780

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination of paddy soil affects safe crop production. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of plant biostimulant amino acid fertilizer on the phytoremediation capability of an emergent accumulator plant Nasturtium officinale R. Br. for Cd-contaminated paddy soils. A pot study was carried out to study the effects of different concentrations of amino acid fertilizer on the Cd accumulation of N. officinale grown in Cd-contaminated paddy soil. The amino acid fertilizer increased the biomass of N. officinale. The amino acid fertilizer concentration exhibited a quadratic polynomial regression relationship with the root and shoot biomass. The fertilizer also increased the photosynthetic pigment (chlorophyll and carotenoid) contents, peroxidase (POD; EC 1.11.1.7) activity, and catalase (CAT; EC 1.11.1.6) activity of N. officinale, but decreased the soluble protein content and had no significant effect on the superoxide dismutase (SOD; EC 1.15.1.1) activity. Furthermore, the amino acid fertilizer increased the Cd content and Cd extraction of N. officinale. The shoot Cd extraction increased by 29.06%, 63.05%, 77.22%, and 17.40% at 1500-, 1200-, 900-, and 600-fold dilutions of the amino acid fertilizer, respectively, compared with the control. Moreover, the amino acid fertilizer promoted the Cd transport from the roots to shoots of N. officinale. The amino acid fertilizer concentration also exhibited a quadratic polynomial regression relationship with the root Cd content, shoot Cd content, root Cd extraction, and shoot Cd extraction, respectively. The correlation, grey relational, and path analyses revealed that the root biomass, shoot biomass, chlorophyll content, catalase activity, shoot Cd content, and root Cd extraction were closely associated with the shoot Cd extraction. Therefore, the amino acid fertilizer can promote Cd uptake and improve the phytoremediation capability of N. officinale to remediate Cd-contaminated paddy soils, and 900-fold dilution is the most suitable concentration.

20.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(19)2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236011

RESUMO

The design of a novel interpenetrating network hydrogel inspired by the microscopic architecture of natural cartilage based on a supramolecular sodium alginate (SA) nanofibril network is reported in this paper. The mechanical strength and toughness of the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel were significantly improved after being incorporated with the alginate nanofibril network. The multiple hydrogen bonds between PVA chains and alginate fibers provided an efficient energy dissipation, thus leading to a significant increase in the mechanical strength of the PVA/SA/NaCl hydrogel. The PVA/SA/NaCl hydrogel demonstrated superior water-lubrication and load-bearing performance due to noncovalent interactions compared with pure PVA hydrogels. Moreover, the bioactivity of the PVA/SA/NaCl hydrogel was proved by the MC3T3 cell proliferation and viability assays over 7 days. Therefore, alginate fiber-enhanced hydrogels with high strength and low friction properties are expected to be used as novel biomimetic lubrication materials.

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