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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(23): 2787-2795, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is one of the most common opportunistic infections caused by Cryptococcus neoformans in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, and is complicated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical features, characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of first-diagnosed HIV-associated CM after 2-years of follow-up. METHODS: Data from all patients (n = 101) of HIV-associated CM hospitalized in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from September 2013 to December 2016 were collected and analyzed using logistic regression to identify clinical and microbiological factors associated with mortality. RESULTS: Of the 101 patients, 86/99 (86.9%) of patients had CD4 count <50 cells/mm, 57/101 (56.4%) were diagnosed at ≥14 days from the onset to diagnosis, 42/99 (42.4%) had normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cell counts and biochemical examination, 30/101 (29.7%) had concomitant Pneumocystis (carinii) jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) on admission and 37/92 (40.2%) were complicated with cryptococcal pneumonia, 50/74 (67.6%) had abnormalities shown on intracranial imaging, amongst whom 24/50 (48.0%) had more than one lesion. The median time to negative CSF Indian ink staining was 8.50 months (interquartile range, 3.25-12.00 months). Patients who initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) before admission had a shorter time to negative CSF Indian ink compared with ART-naïve patients (7 vs. 12 months, χ = 15.53, P < 0.001). All-cause mortality at 2 weeks, 8 weeks, and 2 years was 10.1% (10/99), 18.9% (18/95), and 20.7% (19/92), respectively. Coinfection with PCP on admission (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.933; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.166-13.269, P = 0.027) and altered mental status (AOR, 9.574; 95% CI, 2.548-35.974, P = 0.001) were associated with higher mortality at 8 weeks. CONCLUSION: This study described the clinical features and outcomes of first diagnosed HIV-associated CM with 2-year follow-up data. Altered mental status and coinfection with PCP predicted mortality in HIV-associated CM.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Meningite Criptocócica , China , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Meningite Criptocócica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(23): 2796-2802, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have focused on lymphoma among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, little is known about the treatment options and survival rate of lymphoma in the Chinese people living with HIV (PLHIV). Our study aimed to investigate the prognosis and compare outcome of dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab(R-CHOP) as front line therapy for PLHIV with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) receiving modern combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). METHODS: A retrospective analysis evaluating PLHIV with DLBCL was performed in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from July 2012 to September 2019. The demographic and clinical data were collected, and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) analyses of patients receiving R-CHOP or DA-EPOCH-R therapy were performed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, a Cox multiple regression model was constructed to identify related factors for OS. RESULTS: A total of 54 eligible patients were included in the final analysis with a median follow-up of 14 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 8-29 months). The proportion of high international prognostic index (IPI) patients was much larger in the DA-EPOCH-R group (n = 29) than that in the R-CHOP group (n = 25). The CD4 cell counts and HIV RNA levels were not significantly different between the two groups. The 2-year OS for all patients was 73%. However, OS was not significantly different between the two groups, with a 2-year OS rate of 78% for the DA-EPOCH-R group and 66% for the R-CHOP group. Only an IPI greater than 3 was associated with a decrease in OS, with a hazard ratio of 5.0. The occurrence of grade 3 and 4 adverse events of chemotherapy was not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of R-CHOP therapy do not differ from those of DA-EPOCH-R therapy. No HIV-related factors were found to be associated with the OS of PLHIV in the modern cART era.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , China , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , HIV , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
3.
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol ; 124(4): 456-465, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346663

RESUMO

Lopinavir (LPV) is a protease inhibitor (PI) for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. Current studies on LPV are mainly focused on Caucasians, and none have investigated the population pharmacokinetics (PPK) of LPV in Chinese population. The present study aimed to develop a PPK model for oral LPV in Chinese adults who are HIV-infected. A total of 460 LPV concentrations from 174 Chinese patients who received LPV/ritonavir (LPV/r) 400/100 mg orally every 12 hours (q12h) were analysed using the non-linear mixed-effects modelling approach. Simulations of the LPV concentration profile were performed with different dosing regimens. A one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination process described the data. The estimated apparent clearance (CL/F) and volume of distribution (V/F) (% relative standard error [RSE]) for oral LPV were 5.9 L/h (3%) and 117 L (8%), respectively. Body-weight was identified as a covariate on CL/F. In patients who weighed between 45 and 115 kg and received the standard 400/100 mg q12h regimen, the probability of achieving target trough concentration (Ctrough ) of 1 mg/L was >98% for PI-naïve patients and the probability of achieving target Ctrough of 4 mg/L was <80% for PI-pretreated patients. This is the first population pharmacokinetic study to characterise the PK of LPV in Chinese patients with HIV infection. There were no obvious ethnic differences in the PK of LPV between the Chinese population and Caucasian population. The simulations demonstrated that the standard dosing regimen of 400/100 mg q12h (LPV/r tablets) appears to be sufficient for PI-naïve patients but suboptimal for PI-pretreated patients. Therefore, the regimen of 800/200 mg q12h was recommended for PI-pretreated patients. Further investigation of dosage recommendation could be helpful in optimising LPV therapy for HIV infections.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Protease de HIV/administração & dosagem , Lopinavir/administração & dosagem , Modelos Biológicos , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Inibidores da Protease de HIV/farmacocinética , Humanos , Lopinavir/farmacocinética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ritonavir/administração & dosagem , Distribuição Tecidual , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(9): e0078, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29489672

RESUMO

Neurosyphilis (NS) is an important component of central nervous system diseases among HIV-infected patients. However, its characteristics are not very clear. A retrospective analysis of clinical and laboratory findings was performed in 92 NS patients with HIV infection from a tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. The patients had a median age of 38 years and a median CD4 count of 198 cells/µL. In all, 44.6% (41/92) were diagnosed as asymptomatic NS (ANS), 23.9% (22/92) as syphilitic meningitis, 17.4% (16/92) as cerebrovascular NS, and 14.1% (13/92) as parenchymal syphilis. A quarter of patients (23/92) complicated with ocular syphilis (OS), 60.9% (14/23) of which were ANS. The serum tolulized red unheated serum test (TRUST) titers were ≤1:8 in 15 patients (16.3%), 1:16-1:128 in 51 patients (55.4%), and ≥1:256 in 26 patients (28.3%). Sixty-nine patients (75.0%) had both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) TRUST and Treponema pallidum particle assay reactive. CSF pleocytosis and protein elevation were found in 58.7% and 53.3% of patients, respectively. Syphilitic meningitis was more likely to present with CSF pleocytosis than ANS (P = .001), cerebrovascular NS (P < .001), and parenchymal NS (P < .001). The proportion of patients with CSF elevated protein was lower in ANS group than that in syphilitic meningitis (P = .003), cerebrovascular NS (P = .001), and parenchymal NS groups (P = .025), and was higher in sero-TRUST titers ≤1:8 group than that in 1:16-1:128 (P = .01) and 1:256-1:1024 groups (P = .005).This study revealed that ANS was the most common clinical type of NS in HIV-infected patients, which should be considered in HIV and syphilis co-infection patients without neurologic symptoms, especially in those with OS. Different patterns of NS might have different CSF features which may also vary with sero-TRUST titers.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Neurossífilis/diagnóstico , Treponema pallidum , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurossífilis/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 7(1): 25, 2018 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29587840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis infection still places a great burden on HIV-infected individuals in China and other developing countries. Knowledge of the survival of HIV-infected patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) would provide important insights for the clinical management of this population, which remains to be well described in current China. METHODS: HIV-infected patients with PTB admitted to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 2011 to December 2015 were retrospectively enrolled. In this cohort, the survival prognosis was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, while univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the risk factors affecting mortality. RESULTS: After reviewing 4914 admitted patients with HIV infection, 359 PTB cases were identified. At the time of PTB diagnosis, the patients' median CD4+ T cell count was 51 /mm3 (IQR: 23-116), and 27.30% of patients (98/359) were on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). For the 333 cases included in the survival analysis, the overall mortality was 15.92% (53/333) during a median 27-month follow-up. The risk factors, including age older than 60 years (HR: 3.18; 95% CI: 1.66-6.10), complication with bacterial pneumonia (HR: 2.64; 95% CI: 1.30-5.35), diagnosis delay (HR: 2.60; 95% CI: 1.42-4.78), CD4+ T cell count less than 50/mm3 (HR: 2.38; 95% CI: 1.27-4.43) and pulmonary atelectasis (HR: 2.20; 95% CI: 1.05-4.60), might independently contribute to poor survival. Among patients without cART before anti-TB treatment, the later initiation of cART (more than 8 weeks after starting anti-TB treatment) was found to increase the mortality rate (OR: 4.33; 95% CI: 1.22-15.36), while the initiation of cART within 4-8 weeks after starting anti-TB treatment was associated with the fewest deaths (0/14). CONCLUSIONS: The subjects in this study conducted in the cART era were still characterized by depressed immunological competence and low rates of cART administration, revealing possible intervention targets for preventing TB reactivation in HIV-infected individuals under current circumstances. Furthermore, our study indicated that the timely diagnosis of PTB, prevention of secondary bacterial pneumonia by prophylactic management and optimization of the timing of cART initiation could have significant impacts on decreasing mortality among HIV/PTB co-infected populations. These findings deserve further prospective investigations to optimize the management of HIV/PTB-co-infected patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01344148 , Registered September 14, 2010.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/mortalidade , Infecções por HIV/mortalidade , Tuberculose Pulmonar/mortalidade , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sobrevida , Análise de Sobrevida , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(45): e2023, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26559304

RESUMO

Investigating the predictors for lumbar puncture to diagnose the asymptomatic neurosyphilis among HIV and syphilis co-infected patients in Shanghai, China. Respectively, screening the medical records from August 1, 2009 to June 30, 2015. Those HIV-infected patients with concurrent syphilis who had received lumbar puncture were selected and their clinical and demographic data were recorded. Participants comprised symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The latter ones could be further divided into 3 groups: late syphilis, early syphilis with anti-syphilis treatment failure, and early syphilis with serum toludine red unheated serum test (TRUST) ≥1:32. Both syphilis stage and anti-syphilis treatment effect were defined by common criteria, and syphilis of unknown duration was considered as late syphilis. Asymptomatic neurosyphilis was defined as neurosyphilis without neurological symptoms such as headache, cognitive dysfunction, motor deficits, auditory or ophthalmic abnormalities, and stroke. Neurosyphilis was defined as reactive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) TRUST and/or CSF white blood cell >20 cells/µL without other reasons. Mann-Whitney test and Fisher's exact test were used for analyzing the difference between neurosyphilis and non-neurosyphilis group. Logistic regression test was performed to analyze the risk factors for neurosyphilis. In total, 170 participants were collected, and the rate of neurosyphilis was 32.35%. Among all the 105 participants without neurological symptoms, 80 patients were with late syphilis and 25 were with early syphilis. Among the early syphilis patients, 23 had a TRUST ≥1:32 and the other 2 experienced an anti-syphilis treatment failure. The differences of clinical and demographic variables between neurosyphilis and non-neurosyphilis group were not statistically significant except the serum TRUST titer (P < 0.01). From HIV/syphilis co-infected patients with or without neurological symptom, those who had neurological symptoms, CD4 <350 per µL and serological TRUST titer ≥1:16 were 4.9-fold (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.37-10.31), 4.3-fold (95% CI: 1.17-15.78), and 4.1-fold (95% CI: 1.58-10.76), respectively, more likely to be diagnosed with neurosyphilis. Asymptomatic patients whose serum TRUST titer ≥1:16 were 8.48-fold (95% CI: 1.08-66.63) more likely to have asymptomatic neurosyphilis. Among asymptomatic HIV-infected patients with late syphilis or early syphilis experienced an anti-syphilis treatment failure, those who have a serum TRUST titer ≥1:16 are suggested to perform lumbar puncture in order to avoid delayed diagnosis and the occurrence of severe sequelae of syphilis.


Assuntos
Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Neurossífilis/diagnóstico , Neurossífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Cardiolipinas , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol , Coinfecção , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurossífilis/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Fosfatidilcolinas , Fatores de Risco , Punção Espinal/métodos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/epidemiologia
7.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 21(3): 189-91, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23967739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze the differential prevalence, as well as the risk factors and clinical features, of occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population without antiretroviral therapy (ART) as compared to the general (non-HIV-infected) population. METHODS: Two-hundred-and-forty-eight individuals with confirmed HIV infection but ART naive (males: 220, females: 28; 15-82 years old) were enrolled in the study, along with 121 healthy individuals (confirmed HIV antibody-negative; males: 53, females: 68; 20-88 years old). HBV markers (hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg); hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg); anti-HBs, anti-HBe and anti-hepatitis B core (HBc) antibodies) were detected by microparticle enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (AxSYM immunology analyzer manufactured by Abbott Laboratories); all cases and controls were confirmed negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Then, the HBV DNA level in serum was detected using nucleic acid amplification assay (COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HBV test, version 2.0 manufactured by Roche). CD4+ T lymphocytes were measured by flow cytometry, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT, marker of liver function) was measured by enzymatic assay. RESULTS: Twenty-four of the HIV cases (9.7%) and four of the healthy controls (3.3%) tested positive for HBV DNA; the amount of individuals with HBV DNA-positivity was significantly higher in the HIV-infected group (P = 0.035). Among the 24 cases of HBV DNA(+) HIV-infected individuals, the lowest HBV DNA load was < 20 IU/ml and the highest was 3.22 x 10s IU/ml; nine of the individuals (37.5%) had HBV DNA load > 100 IU/ml, four (16.7%) had 20-99 IU/ ml, and 11 (45.8%) had < 20 IU/ml. Among the total HIV-infected cases with HBV DNA-positivity, 7.3% (8/110) were anti-HBc(+)/anti-HBs(+), 20.8% (11/53) were anti-HBc(+)/anti-HBs(-), 14.3% (3/21) were anti-HBc(-)/anti-HBs(+), and 3.1% (2/64) were anti-HBc(-)/anti-HBs(-). The amount of individuals with HBV DNA-positivity in the anti-HBc(+)/anti-HBs(-) group was significantly different from those in the anti-HBc(+)/anti-HBs(+) group (P = 0.018) and the anti-HBc(-)/anti-HBs(-) group (P = 0.003). However, multiple comparison of HBV DNA loads detected between the four groups of HBV marker status revealed no significant difference (P = 0.805). Furthermore, statistical analysis provided no evidence to support that occult hepatitis B infection in HIV-infected individuals had any impact on CD4+ T lymphocytes count (Z = 1.902, P = 0.059) or ALT levels (Z =1.401, P = 0.161). CONCLUSION: HIV-infected individuals who are ART naive and HBsAg(-) have a higher incidence of HBV DNA-positivity than individuals in the general (non-HIV-infected) population. In addition, the highest rate of occult hepatitis B among the HIV-infected cases occurred among individuals who were anti-HBc(+)/anti-HBs(-).


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/virologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 124(11): 1662-6, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21740773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) emerged rapidly in China in May 2009. Preliminary comparisons with seasonal influenza suggest that pandemic 2009 influenza A (H1N1) disproportionately affects younger ages and causes generally mild disease. To characterize disease progress, comorbidities, and treatment outcomes among consecutive severe and critically ill patients in a hospital served as a reference center for the care of patients with H1N1 in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A retrospective study on 62 severe and critically ill patients with 2009 influenza A (H1N1) was conducted in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Demographic data, symptoms, comorbidities, disease progression, treatments, and clinical outcomes were collected for analysis. RESULTS: Sixty-two severe or critically ill patients were admitted to the hospital with confirmed 2009 influenza A (H1N1) infection. The median age of the study cohort was 40 years old with a range from 18 years to 75 years, and 67.7% were males. All patients presented with fever and respiratory symptoms. At presentation, 34 patients (54.8%) had comorbidities such as smoking (29.0%), hypertension (29.0%) and hepatitis B virus infection (9.7%). The median time from symptom onset to hospital admission was 6 days (interquartile-range 3 - 14 days) and 23 critically ill patients were admitted to Intensive Care Unit after admission. All the patients received neuraminidase inhibitors (oseltaminir), while 60 patients (96.7%) were treated with antibiotics, and 39 (62.9%) with corticosteroids. Twenty-three critical cases received noninvasive mechanical ventilation on the first day of admission, and 3 of them ultimately required invasive ventilation. Four death reports (6.5%) were filed within the first 14 days from the onset of critical illness with the primary causes of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, hypoxemia, or complications, secondary infection and sepsis, pyopneumothorax and stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Severe illness from 2009 influenza A (H1N1) infection in Shanghai occurred among young individuals. Critical cases were associated with severe hypoxemia, multisystem organ failure, and a requirement for mechanical ventilation. Most patients had a good prognosis.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/patogenicidade , Influenza Humana/complicações , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 50(2): 136-9, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21418835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the markers of endothelial injury, adipocytokine and thrombotic activity and explore whether there are cardiovascular disease risk factors in antiretroviral-naive HIV patients. METHODS: Clinical data and venous blood samples were collected from 43 anti-retroviral naive HIV-infected patients during February-October 2009 in our center, and compared with 17 healthy subjects. Plasma leptin, adiponectin, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), D-dimer were measured by ELISA. Four markers and cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting plasma glucose were compared between the two groups. The CD(4)(+)T cells and percentages of CD(38), HLA-DR on CD(8)(+)T were determined by flow cytometry and plasma HIV copies were detected with bDNA analyzer among HIV-infected participants. Spearman correlations between the significant markers and CD(4)(+) T cells, CD(8)(+) CD(38)(+)/CD(8)(+), CD(8)(+) HLA-DR(+)/CD(8)(+), HIV viral load were examined among HIV-infected participants. Analyses were conducted by using Stata version 7. RESULTS: Thirty-eight of the 43 patients were sexually infected by HIV and the median absolute CD(4)(+)T cell count was (133 ± 82) cells/µl, HIV RNA was (4.42 ± 0.66) lg copies/ml. HIV-infected patients, compared with healthy subjects, had lower leptin [11.41(7.91, 14.53) µg/L vs 55.31 (16.49, 229.65) µg/L, P = 0.0005], adiponectin [1.79 (1.40, 4.00) mg/L vs 3.36 (2.92, 4.18) mg/L, P = 0.003] and higher sICAM-1 [1.71(1.11, 2.40) mg/L vs 0.69 (0.57, 0.80) mg/L, P = 0.0000]. No significant differences exist in cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting plasma glucose. For HIV-infected participants, sICAM-1 tended to correlate with CD(8)(+)CD(38)(+)/CD(8)(+) and HIV viral load (r = 0.3378, P = 0.0267; r = 0.3904, P = 0.0096). CONCLUSION: Patients with untreated HIV infection have lower leptin, adiponectin and higher sICAM-1 levels and the relationship of these markers to HIV-mediated atherosclerotic risk requires further study.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/patologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 47(7): 574-7, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19035170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Occult HBV infection is defined by positive HBV DNA in individuals with undetectable levels of HBsAg. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of occult HBV infection in HIV-infected patients. METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 105 HBsAg-negative HIV patients who were hospitalized and were not given anti-virus treatment at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. Microparticle enzyme immunoassay (MEIA) was used to detect HBV serologic markers (HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, anti-HBe and anti-HBc). ELISA was used to detect HCV antibody. CD4+ T cell count was examined with flow cytometry. Nested PCR was used to amplify surface protein region of HBV. RESULTS: 32 (30.5%) patients (27 men, 5 women) were HBV DNA positive in the 105 HBsAg-negative HIV-infected patients (92 men and 13 women). 22 patients (including 5 patients with HBV DNA +) were in 16-30 years group, 44 patients (including 15 patients with HBV DNA +) were in 3149 years group and 39 patients (including 12 patients with HBV DNA +) were in 50-75 years group. 5 patients were negative for all HBV serologic markers and 27 patients detected with at least one of anti-HBc, anti-HBe or anti-HBs. 14 patients (29.8%) with HBV DNA + in 47 HIV-infected patients were coinfected with HCV, 18 patients (31.0%) were HBV DNA + in 58 HIV-monoinfected patients. The median absolute CD4+ T cell count was 145.1 cells/microl (4-623 cells/microl), 26 patients (34.7%) were HBV DNA + in 75 AIDS patients with CD4+ T cell <200 cells/microl and 6 patients (20.0%) HBV DNA + in 30 HIV-infected patients with CD4+ T cell >200 cells/microl. No statistical significant association could be established between the above factors. CONCLUSIONS: It is found that occult HBV did occur in HIV-infected patients. No statistical significant association could be established between occult HBV infection and gender, age, HBV serologic markers, coinfected HCV and CD4+ T cell count.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Superinfecção/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral , Feminino , HIV , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Sorológicos , Superinfecção/virologia , Carga Viral
11.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 15(10): 734-7, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17963597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effect and side-effect of peg-interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN alfa-2a) and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with HCV/HIV co-infection received highly active antiretroviral therapy initially; after their CD4 lymphocyte counts rose to over 0.20x10(9)/L, they were separated into two groups: one group with CD4 lymphocytes over 0.35x10(9)/L (high group) and one group with CD4 lymphocytes below 0.35x10(9)/L (low group). Both groups were given 180 microg of PEG-IFN alfa-2a every week intramuscularly. HCV RNA and HIV RNA loads, blood cell and CD4 lymphocyte counts, and liver functions were routinely examined. RESULTS: After 12, 24 and 48 weeks of PEG-IFN alfa-2a therapy, mean HCV RNA loads reduced 2.0650 log10 copies/ml (t=3.8733), 2.9146 log10 copies/ml (t=7.6741) and 2.4315 log10 copies/ml (t=5.8202) from the baseline at week 0 in the 13 patients in the high group, and reduced 1.1522 log10 copies/ml (t = 2.8937), 1.4189 log10 copies/ml (t=2.4422) and 1.1167 log10 (t=1.1261) in the 8 patients of the low group. However, there was no significant difference between the early viral response rate (EVR) and the end of treatment viral response rate (ETVR) of the two groups. In the high group, the white blood cell count was lower at 24 weeks than the base line (t=2.4700), and the blood platelet count was lower both at 24 and 48 weeks than the base line (t=2.3273 and t=3.6149). CONCLUSIONS: PEG-IFN alfa-2a can effectively reduce HCV RNA loads in patients with HCV-/HIV co-infection, and the inhibition rate in patients with higher CD4 lymphocyte counts is better. The EVR and ETVR of the two groups of patients show similar results after the treatment. PEG-IFN alfa-2a can reduce the white blood cell counts and the blood platelet counts in the peripheral blood.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Superinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/virologia , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , HIV-1 , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Interferon alfa-2 , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral , Proteínas Recombinantes , Superinfecção/virologia , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
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