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1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5230, 2019 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745089

RESUMO

The Hengduan Mountains (HDM) biodiversity hotspot exhibits exceptional alpine plant diversity. Here, we investigate factors driving intraspecific divergence within a HDM alpine species Salix brachista (Cushion willow), a common component of subnival assemblages. We produce a high-quality genome assembly for this species and characterize its genetic diversity, population structure and pattern of evolution by resequencing individuals collected across its distribution. We detect population divergence that has been shaped by a landscape of isolated sky island-like habitats displaying strong environmental heterogeneity across elevational gradients, combined with population size fluctuations that have occurred since approximately the late Miocene. These factors are likely important drivers of intraspecific divergence within Cushion willow and possibly other alpine plants with a similar distribution. Since intraspecific divergence is often the first step toward speciation, the same factors can be important contributors to the high alpine species diversity in the HDM.

2.
Gigascience ; 8(2)2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malania oleifera, a member of the Olacaceae family, is an IUCN red listed tree, endemic and restricted to the Karst region of southwest China. This tree's seed is valued for its high content of precious fatty acids (especially nervonic acid). However, studies on its genetic makeup and fatty acid biogenesis are severely hampered by a lack of molecular and genetic tools. FINDINGS: We generated 51 Gb and 135 Gb of raw DNA sequences, using Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) single-molecule real-time and 10× Genomics sequencing, respectively. A final genome assembly, with a scaffold N50 size of 4.65 Mb and a total length of 1.51 Gb, was obtained by primary assembly based on PacBio long reads plus scaffolding with 10× Genomics reads. Identified repeats constituted ∼82% of the genome, and 24,064 protein-coding genes were predicted with high support. The genome has low heterozygosity and shows no evidence for recent whole genome duplication. Metabolic pathway genes relating to the accumulation of long-chain fatty acid were identified and studied in detail. CONCLUSIONS: Here, we provide the first genome assembly and gene annotation for M. oleifera. The availability of these resources will be of great importance for conservation biology and for the functional genomics of nervonic acid biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Olacaceae/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(6): 1531-1536, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204585

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-sporulating, rod-shaped, orange-pigmented bacterium, designated strain FQM01T, was isolated from a subterranean sediment sample in the Mohe permafrost area, China. Strain FQM01T grew optimally at 25 °C, pH 7.0 and NaCl concentration of 0 % (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain FQM01T belonged to the genus Sphingomonas. The closest phylogenetic relative was Sphingomonas spermidinifaciens GDMCC 1.657T (97.6 %), followed by Sphingomonas mucosissima DSM 17494T (97.2 %). The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 66.9 mol%. Strain FQM01T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone, and C18 : 1ω6c and/or C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c, C16 : 0, C14 : 0 2-OH and C18 : 1ω7c 11 methyl as the major fatty acids. Major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, sphingoglycolipid and an unidentified glycolipid. Only sym-homospermidine was detected as the polyamine. On the basis of phylogenetic and phenotypic data, strain FQM01T is considered to represent a novel species of Sphingomonas for which the name Sphingomonasfloccifaciens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FQM01T (=CGMCC 1.15797T=KCTC 52630T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Sphingomonas/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espermidina/análogos & derivados , Espermidina/química , Sphingomonas/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
4.
Gigascience ; 7(7)2018 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29931210

RESUMO

Background: Salvia splendens Ker-Gawler, scarlet or tropical sage, is a tender herbaceous perennial widely introduced and seen in public gardens all over the world. With few molecular resources, breeding is still restricted to traditional phenotypic selection, and the genetic mechanisms underlying phenotypic variation remain unknown. Hence, a high-quality reference genome will be very valuable for marker-assisted breeding, genome editing, and molecular genetics. Findings: We generated 66 Gb and 37 Gb of raw DNA sequences, respectively, from whole-genome sequencing of a largely homozygous scarlet sage inbred line using Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) single-molecule real-time and Illumina HiSeq sequencing platforms. The PacBio de novo assembly yielded a final genome with a scaffold N50 size of 3.12 Mb and a total length of 808 Mb. The repetitive sequences identified accounted for 57.52% of the genome sequence, and 54,008 protein-coding genes were predicted collectively with ab initio and homology-based gene prediction from the masked genome. The divergence time between S. splendens and Salvia miltiorrhiza was estimated at 28.21 million years ago (Mya). Moreover, 3,797 species-specific genes and 1,187 expanded gene families were identified for the scarlet sage genome. Conclusions: We provide the first genome sequence and gene annotation for the scarlet sage. The availability of these resources will be of great importance for further breeding strategies, genome editing, and comparative genomics among related species.


Assuntos
DNA de Plantas/genética , Genoma de Planta , Salvia/genética , Sequência de Bases , Genômica , Heterozigoto , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Filogenia , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(2): 309-313, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28612547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and sensory cueing (SC) for improving hemi-spatial attention deficits related to unilateral neglect, upper limb function and independence of stroke patients. METHODS: An assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Eligible stroke patients were treated with rTMS (n =17) or rTMS combined with SC (n =16) in addition to conventional rehabilitation measures. rTMS was applied with low frequency (1 Hz) over the posterior parietal cortex (P5) of the lefthemisphere, 90% resting motor threshold, 900 pulses each session, one session per day, and 5 d per week for 2 weeks. SC was emitted using a wristwatch device attached to the hemiplegic arm for 2 weeks with a cumulative wear time of 3 h per day. The severity of unilateral neglect [behavioral inattention test conventional subtests (BITC), Catherine Bergego scale (CBS)], activity of daily living [modified Barthel index (MBI)], and upper limb function [Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA), action research arm test (ARAT)] of the patients were measured pre- and post-interventions (immediately after 2 weeks' treatment) by an occupational therapist. RESULTS: BIT-C was relieved significantly over time in both groups. But rTMS+SC had greater improvement than rTMS alone (P <0.05). No significant differences was found between the two groups in other outcomes (CBS, FMA, ARAT). CONCLUSION: rTMS combined with SC is better than rTMS alone for treating unilateral neglect in stroke patients.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Humanos , Lobo Parietal , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Curr Microbiol ; 73(3): 386-392, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27262460

RESUMO

An aerobic, gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain Z6(T), was isolated from sediment collected at Mohe Basin, China. And its taxonomic position was investigated by applying a polyphasic approach. Growth occurs at 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 6.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-3.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). The polar lipid profile of strain Z6(T) revealed the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid and two unidentified phospholipids, and the major quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c (summed feature 8) and C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c (summed feature 3). The predominant polyamine was homospermidine. The DNA G + C content of strain Z6(T) is 65.2 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence presented, strain Z6(T) represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas, for which the name Sphingomonas mohensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Z6(T) (=CGMCC 1.12891(T) = JCM 19983(T)).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonas/classificação , Sphingomonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sphingomonas/genética , Sphingomonas/metabolismo
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(Pt 3): 827-32, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25525123

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, flexirubin-type-pigmented, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, designated strain Z12(T), was isolated from a subsurface sediment sample. In a phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain Z12(T) formed a distinct clade with the members of the genus Dyadobacter (<96.7 % sequence similarity). The G+C content of genomic DNA was 45.4 %. The major fatty acids of strain Z12(T) were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c (summed feature 3) and anteiso-C17 : 1 B and/or iso-C17 : 1 I (summed feature 4). The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic features, strain Z12(T) is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Dyadobacter sediminis sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is Z12(T) ( = JCM 30073(T) = CGMCC 1.12895(T)).


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Cytophagaceae/genética , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 64(Pt 12): 3994-4000, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25212225

RESUMO

A translucent, white, Gram-reaction-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-flagellated, slightly curved or curved bacterial strain, designated YT8(T), was isolated from the fresh water of the Maotai section of Chishui River, China. Cells were catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YT8(T) is a member of the genus Arenimonas with similarity to other members of this genus ranging from 93.7 to 95.0 %. The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8), major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids, while major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The DNA G+C content of strain YT8(T) was 66.6 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic features studied, strain YT8(T) is suggested to represent a novel species of the genus Arenimonas, for which the name Arenimonas maotaiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YT8(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12726(T) = JCM 19710(T)).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rios/microbiologia , Xanthomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Água Doce/microbiologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Xanthomonadaceae/genética , Xanthomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 64(Pt 8): 2723-8, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24844262

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, non-pigmented, non-gliding, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain BY4(T), was isolated from freshwater. Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive and indole was produced. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain BY4(T) belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae and showed 91.6-95.9% sequence similarities to the most closely related strains. The major respiratory quinone was MK-6 and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The major polyamine was homospermidine and the major fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(17 : 0) 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)ω7c and/or C(16 : 1)ω6c). The DNA G+C content was 30.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic features, strain BY4(T) is suggested to represent a novel species in a new genus within the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Chishuiella changwenlii gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this type species is BY4(T) ( = CGMCC 1.12707(T) = JCM 19633(T)). On the basis of data collected from previous and present studies, it is proposed to reclassify Wautersiella falsenii to the genus Empedobacter as the new combination Empedobacter falsenii comb. nov. (type strain NF 993(T) = CCUG 51536(T) = CIP 108861(T)).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espermidina/química , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 64(Pt 5): 1795-801, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24556635

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, AY17T, was isolated from the Chishui River in Guizhou Province, South-west China. Strain AY17T grew optimally at pH 7.0 and 20 °C. Flexirubin-type pigments were produced. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain AY17T belonged to the family Chitinophagaceae within the phylum Bacteroidetes; the closest phylogenetic relative was Taibaiella smilacinae PTJT-5T (95.3% gene sequence similarity). The DNA G+C content was 49.5 mol%. Strain AY17T contained MK-7 as the predominant respiratory quinone and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipid. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1G and iso-C17:0 3-OH. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and genetic data, strain AY17T was classified as representing a novel species of the genus Taibaiella, for which the name Taibaiella chishuiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AY17T (=CGMCC 1.12700T=JCM 19637T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , Polienos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rios/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 64(Pt 5): 1481-7, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24453231

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, yellow-pigmented, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated M0116T, was isolated from the sediment of the Mohe Basin in north-east China. Flexirubin-type pigments were produced. Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive and non-gliding rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain M0116T was a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae and was most closely related to members of the genera Empedobacter, Wautersiella and Weeksella with 90.5-91.0% sequence similarities. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The major respiratory quinone was MK-6 and the major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 38.2 mol%. Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic data, strain M0116T is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Moheibacter sediminis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M0116T (=CGMCC 1.12708T=JCM 19634T). Emended descriptions of Empedobacter brevis, Wautersiella falsenii and Weeksella virosa are also proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25726590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clone the novel gene that specifically expressed in the amastigotes of Leishmania donovani, and observe subcellular localization of the gene encoding protein. METHODS: mRNA from promastigotes and amastigotes of L. donovani were prepared. The novel expressed sequence tag of amastigotes was selected by suppression subtractive hybridization. The expression of the novel gene in different stages of L. donovani was detected by Northern hybridization and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The subcellular localization of the novel gene encoding protein was observed. RESULTS: The subtractive library of the specifically expressed sequence tag of amastigotes was constructed, and a novel gene designated as expression site associated genes-like protein (ESAGLP) gene was cloned. The full length of ESAGLP cDNA was 2,258 bp. The open-reading frame encoded a polypeptide of 620 amino acid residues. ESAGLP gene expressed only in amastigotes, the encoding protein was localized in the mitochondria. CONCLUSION: The ESAGLP gene is identified as a novel gene which specifically expressed in Leishmania donovani amastigotes, and its encoding protein is localized in the mitochondria.


Assuntos
Genes de Protozoários , Leishmania donovani/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Northern Blotting , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Biblioteca Gênica , Fases de Leitura Aberta , RNA Mensageiro
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19856494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the protein profile and identify developmentally regulated proteins of the promastigotes and axenic amastigotes with comparative proteomics technique. METHODS: The total proteins of promastigotes and axenic amastigotes of Leishmania donovani SC6 strain were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) in a broad pH range (3-10), and the gel was stained with Coomassie blue. The images were analyzed by PDQuest 1.0 software, and the major developmentally regulated proteins were identified by electrospray mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Approximately 700 protein spots were revealed in equivalent proteins of the promastigotes and axenic amastigotes separated by 2-DE, among which more than 90% protein spots showed equivalent quantity and distribution, with 6 proteins up-regulated and 3 proteins down-regulated in axenic amastigotes compared with promastigotes. Five of the 6 up-regulated proteins were with known function, respectively ascribed as Rieske iron-sulfur protein precursor, alpha-tubulin, peroxidoxin 1, dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase precursor, and mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase. Two of the 3 down-regulated proteins were identified as heat shock protein 70 and beta-tubulin. The functions of the developmentally regulated proteins were related to the carbohydrate/energy metabolism, stress response, or formation of cell membrane/cytoskeleton. CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrate the differences in protein expression profiles between promastigotes and amastigotes.


Assuntos
Flagelina/genética , Leishmania donovani/genética , Proteômica , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Leishmania donovani/classificação
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20066984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of virulence-associated genes in promastigotes and amastigotes of different Leishmania spp. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from the promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania donovani, L. infantum, L. tropica, L. major and L. mexicana, and relevant strains. According to the reported gene sequences in GenBank, primers were designed in relation to the virulence-associated genes [GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase (GDPMP), 3'a2rel-related protein (A2rel), beta-galactofuranosyl transferase (LPG1), lipophosphoglycan biosynthetic protein (LPG2), kinetoplast membrane protein 11 (KMP-11), cpc gene for cysteine proteinase (CPC), hydrophilic acylated surface protein (HASPB1), cathepsin L-like cysteine protease (CPB2), cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinase lmcpb2.8 (CPB2.8), Mr 100 000 heat shock protein (CLP b)], and control genes (alpha tubulin gene and GAPDH). Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was performed to detect expression level of these genes in promastigotes and amastigotes of different Leishmania spp. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the expression profiles of the genes among the promastigotes and amastigotes of different Leishmania spp. The HASPB1 was detected in the amastigotes of all strains and promastigotes of L. donovani, the GDPMP, LPG1, LPG2, CPB2.8, CPB2, CPC, A2rel and CLP b were expressed in the promastigotes and/or amastigotes of the specific Leishmania spp, respectively. None of the stains carried the KMP-11 gene, whereas the amastigotes of L. donovani SC10 strain and L. major 5ASKH strain possessed CPC. CONCLUSION: The expression profile of the virulence-associated genes shows species-specific and stage-specific differences.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Leishmania/genética , Virulência/genética , Animais , Primers do DNA/genética , Flagelos , Expressão Gênica , Genes de Protozoários , Leishmania/classificação , Leishmania/isolamento & purificação , Leishmania/patogenicidade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao ; 5(3): 259-62, 2007 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17498483

RESUMO

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Despite its wide uses for more than 100 years, knowledge about mechanism of action and therapeutic issues of aspirin are still under discussion. The use of aspirin has been changed from an analgesic, anti-pyretic and anti-inflammatory agent to an anti-thrombotic agent, especially in secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. Aspirin has reduced the risk of cardiovascular events by 25%. However, the phenomenon of "aspirin resistance" has been described that in 5%-60% of patients aspirin may not achieve adequate efficacy of suppressing platelet activity. The convinced causes of this phenomenon are still unknown. It is probably due to drugs interaction, inadequate dosage and so on. By far the existing studies of aspirin are insufficient to explain all phenomena of aspirin resistance. And the results are not always uniform about the same research. Therefore, the characteristics in different population with aspirin resistance may account for the complexity. It is unrealistic to elucidate all aspirin resistance by only one pathway. More studies are required to investigate the mechanisms in different population respectively. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and the trait of cardiovascular disease, which often relapses and has a long history, aspirin resistance should be considered as collaterals disease. It can be treated with aspirin and traditional Chinese drugs which have the power to strengthen body resistance, reduce phlegm, remove blood stasis and toxic materials from meridians. The problem of aspirin resistance might be solved by this way, because the traditional Chinese medicine has the superiority of selecting appropriate therapeutic methods based on syndrome differentiation for different population and regulating the whole body's function. Subsequently, cardiovascular disease might be effectively prevented.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Fitoterapia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico
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