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1.
Clin Chim Acta ; 497: 147-152, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Defects in the human thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) gene are reported to be one of the causes of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). We aimed to identify mutations in Chinese patients with CH and analyze the relationships between TSHR phenotypes and clinical phenotypes. METHODS: 220 patients with primary CH were screened for TSHR mutations by performing next-generation sequencing. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of TSHR were analyzed. The function of 8 mutants in TSHR were further investigated in vitro. RESULTS: Among 220 patients with CH, 15 distinct TSHR mutations were identified in 13 patients (5.91%, 13/220, including our previous reported 110 patients, carried with 10 mutations in 8 patients). We found five distinct mutations in the additional cohort of 110 CH patients and identified 7 mutations (including a novel mutation, p.S567R) were loss-of-function mutations. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that the prevalence of TSHR mutations was 5.91% among studied Chinese patients with CH. One novel TSHR variant was found and four genetic alterations revealed important role of the Ile216, Ala275, Asn372, Ser567 residues in signaling.

2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(5): e193348, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050781

RESUMO

Importance: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. However, only 1 specific susceptibility locus for TPP has been identified. Additional genetic determinants should be detected so that a prediction model can be constructed. Objective: To investigate the genetic architecture of TPP and distinguish TPP from Graves disease cohorts. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based case-control study used a 2-stage genome-wide association study to investigate the risk loci of TPP and weighted genetic risk score to construct a TPP prediction model with data from a Chinese Han population recruited in hospitals in China from March 2003 to December 2015. The analysis was conducted from November 2014 to August 2016. Main Outcomes and Measures: Loci specifically associated with TPP risk and those shared with Graves disease and prediction model of joint effects of TPP-specific loci. Results: A total of 537 patients with TPP (mean [SD] age, 35 [11] years; 458 male) 1519 patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (mean [SD] age, 38 [13] years; 366 male), and 3249 healthy participants (mean [SD] age, 46 [10] years; 1648 male) were recruited from the Han population by hospitals throughout China. Two new TPP-specific susceptibility loci were identified: DCHS2 on 4q31.3 (rs1352714: odds ratio [OR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.35-1.85; P = 1.24 × 10-8) and C11orf67 on 11q14.1 (rs2186564: OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.29-1.74; P = 2.80 × 10-7). One previously reported specific locus was confirmed on 17q24.3 near KCNJ2 (rs312729: OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.83-2.38; P = 8.02 × 10-29). Meanwhile, 2 risk loci (MHC and Xq21.1) were shared by Graves disease and TPP. After 2 years of treatment, the ratio of persistent thyrotropin receptor antibody positivity was higher in patients with TPP than in patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (OR, 3.82; 95% CI, 2.04-7.16; P = 7.05 × 10-6). The prediction model using a weighted genetic risk score and 11 candidate TPP-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms had an area under the curve of 0.80. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings provide evidence that TPP is a novel molecular subtype of Graves disease. The newly identified loci, along with other previously reported loci, demonstrate the growing complexity of the heritable contribution to TPP pathogenesis. A complete genetic architecture will be helpful to understand the pathophysiology of TPP, and a useful prediction model could prevent the onset of TPP.

3.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(6): 2121-2130, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30649410

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Graves disease (GD) is a common thyroid-specific autoimmune disease and one of the most heritable diseases in the population. We present a risk-prediction model, including confirmed, known genetic variants associated with GD. DESIGN: To construct a stable-prediction model, we used known GD susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as markers and trained and tested our model in a cohort of 4897 patients with GD and 5098 healthy controls. We weighted the contribution of each SNP to the disease to calculate the weighted genetic risk score (wGRS) for each individual. The efficiency of this model can be estimated by the area under the curve (AUC) receiver operator characteristic curve and the specificity and sensitivity of each wGRS. RESULTS: With the 20 confirmed GD risk-related SNPs, our wGRS-prediction model could predict patients with GD from the general population (AUC 0.70 [95% CI: 0.69 to 0.71]) and did especially well in predicting patients with GD with persisting thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody positive [pTRAb+; AUC 0.74 (95% CI: 0.72 to 0.76)]. We also evaluated how the four pTRAb+ specific risk SNPs predicted patients with GD with pTRAb+ among all patients with GD [AUC 0.62 (95% CI: 0.61 to 0.63)]. For clinical use, we partitioned subjects in each set into different risk categories to generate the wGRS cutoff of high risk for reference. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an approach to predict GD risk in the general population by the calculation of the wGRS of 20 known GD susceptibility variants. The wGRS-prediction model was more stable and convenient, whereas the prediction performance was still modest.

4.
Oncotarget ; 8(56): 96126-96138, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221192

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown an association of the UNC5D gene with kidney and bladder cancer and neuroblastoma. We investigated whether UNC5D acts as a tumor suppressor in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Primary PTC tumors and matched normal thyroid tissues were obtained from 112 patients to detect UNC5D mRNA by real-time PCR. Genomic DNA sequencing was performed to detect BRAF mutation in PTC tumors. The association between UNC5D expression and clinicopathological data from PTC patients was reviewed retrospectively. PTC-derived cancer cell lines TPC-1 and K1 with stable transfection of UNC5D were used to investigate the functions of UNC5D. Flow cytometry, CCK-8, Transwell assay and scratch tests were used to examine cell cycle distribution, proliferation and migration. Results: The expression of UNC5D was significantly decreased in PTC compared with adjacent normal thyroid tissues. Lower UNC5D expression was significantly associated with aggressive tumor behaviors, such as lymph node metastasis and BRAF mutation. Overexpression of UNC5D significantly suppressed malignant cell behaviors, including cell proliferation and migration, as well as tumor growth in vivo. Conclusions: These findings suggest a potential tumor suppressor role of UNC5D in PTC progression; and provide insight into potential clinical relevance for the prognosis of PTC.

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