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1.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 75: 103329, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978868

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of borneol, a traditional Chinese medicine, on photodynamic treatment of acne. Here, we found that borneol significantly decreased the auricular swelling rate and pain threshold of rats. We also showed that borneol noticeably reduced macrophage and lymphocyte infiltration. The number of Th cells was significantly higher in the control PDT group than in the PDT plus borneol treatment group (P < 0.05). The expression of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-8 mRNA and proteins were noticeably lower in the treatment group in comparison to those of the PDT control group, while PDT plus borneol activated the p38-COX-2-PGE2 signaling pathway, increasing expression in the treatment group. Borneol has significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects on PDT of acne, and enhances the healing of acne by activating p38-COX-2-PGE2 signaling pathway.

2.
Life Sci ; 210: 150-157, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30176247

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to identify the mechanism of how MG-132 stimulates cell death in SEB-1 sebocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TUNEL staining and annexin-FITC/PI flow cytometry were utilized to examine the apoptotic cell number of SEB-1 sebocytes and HaCaT keratinocytes upon MG-132 and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) treatment. MTT assay and CCK-8 assay monitored the proliferative rate and viability of both cell lines with different treatment. Western blotting (WB) and qPCR were performed to detect the expression of TRAIL and members of Bcl-2 family at protein and gene level. Additionally, RNA interfering was used to knockdown the mRNA transcription of TRAIL and BIK gene. KEY FINDINGS: MG-132 treatment enhanced cell death in SEB-1 sebocytes but not in HaCaT keratinocytes. Meanwhile, TRAIL concentrations in SEB-1 sebocytes treated with MG-132 were markedly elevated. Furthermore, treatment with TRAIL or the TRAIL receptor-specific monoclonal antibody AY4 at various doses stimulated cell death in SEB-1 sebocytes in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Silencing of TRAIL restored the cell viability of SEB-1 cells to a normal level after MG-132 treatment. Combined treatment of SEB-1 sebocytes with TRAIL and MG-132 synergistically triggered cell death, suppressed cell proliferation and survival, and promoted BIK expression. Furthermore, BCL2 Interacting Killer (BIK) knockdown via RNA interference participated in the recovery of cell survival reduced by treatment with TRAIL and MG-132. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that treatment with the selective proteasome suppressor MG-132 and TRAIL induces cell death in sebocytes through upregulation of BIK, a member of the Bcl-2 family.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/patologia , Leupeptinas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Glândulas Sebáceas/patologia , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Glândulas Sebáceas/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Sebáceas/metabolismo
3.
J Cell Biochem ; 119(11): 9141-9153, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30105859

RESUMO

Propionibacterium acnes induces inflammatory and plays a vital role in the formation of comedones through activation of inflammatory cells, keratinocytes, and sebocytes. Sirtuin6 (SIRT6), along with ADP-ribosyltransferase and deacetylase, has been proposed to mediate various biological functions, including inflammation. Nevertheless, no strong experimental evidence has been provided to support the effect of SIRT6 in treatment of inflammatory situation. Therefore, this study addressed the inhibitory effect of SIRT6 against P. acnes-triggered inflammation in human keratinocytes and monocyte cell lines. In our study, proinflammation capacity of P. acnes was confirmed by increased levels of various inflammatory modulators, such as interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-12, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis facto-α, both in vivo and in vitro. P. acnes stimulation also decreased SIRT6 expression, whereas, SIRT6 overexpression successfully suppressed the production of these cytokines in P. acnes-infected cells, and therefore controlled inflammation. Furthermore, we found that challenge of P. acnes stimulated the expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in both cell lines. Nevertheless, SIRT6 overexpression attenuated the expression of TLR4 and consequently inhibited the P. acnes-triggered phosphorylation of nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-κB) subunit, p65. Moreover, deactivation of TLR4 signaling pathway by SIRT6 overexpression resulted in significant downregulation of the transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) pathway, cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB)/calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) signaling, and NF-κB-regulated production of reactive oxygen species. These results indicate that SIRT6 serves as a potential therapeutic target to alleviate acne inflammation.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/genética , Linhagem Celular , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sirtuínas/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
4.
Dalton Trans ; (3): 464-74, 2005 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15672190

RESUMO

An investigation into the dependence of the framework formation of coordination architectures on ligand spacers and terminal groups was reported based on the self-assembly of AgClO4 and eight structurally related flexible dithioether ligands, RS(CH2)nSR (Lan, R = ethyl group; Lbn, R = benzyl group, n= 1-4). Eight novel metal-organic architectures, [Ag(La1)3/2ClO4]n (1a), [Ag2(La2)2(ClO4)2]2 (2a), [AgLa3ClO4]n (3a), {[Ag(La4)2]ClO4}n (4a), [AgLb1ClO4]2 (1b), [Ag(Lb2)2]ClO4 (2b), {[Ag(Lb3)3/2(ClO4)1/2](ClO4)1/2}n (3b) and [Ag(Lb4)3/2ClO4]n(4b), were synthesized and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Structure diversities were observed for these complexes: 1a forms a 2-D (6,3) net, while 2a is a discrete tetranuclear complex, in which the AgI ion adopts linear and tetrahedral coordination modes, and the S donors in each ligand show monodentate terminal and mu2-S bridging coordination fashions; 3a has a chiral helical chain structure in which two homo-chiral right-handed single helical chains (Ag-La3-)n are bound together through mu2-S donors, and simultaneously gives rise to left-handed helical entity (Ag-S-)n. In 4a, left- and right-handed helical chains formed by the ligands bridging AgI centers are further linked alternately by single-bridging ligands to form a non-chiral 2-D framework. 1b has a dinuclear structure showing obvious ligand-sustained Ag-Ag interaction, while 2b is a mononuclear complex; 3b is a 3-D framework formed by ClO4- linking the 2-D (6,3) framework, which is similar to that of 1a, and 4b has a single, double-bridging chain structure in which 14-membered dinuclear ring units formed through two ligands bridging two AgI ions are further linked by single-bridging ligands. In addition, a systematic structural comparison of these complexes and other reported AgClO4 complexes of analogous dithioether ligands indicates that the ligand spacers and terminal groups take essential roles on the framework formation of the AgI complexes, and this present feasible ways for adjusting the structures of such complexes by modifying the ligand spacers and terminal groups.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 43(17): 5382-6, 2004 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15310217

RESUMO

Five new eclipsed two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers, [[Cd(2)(TPT)(2)L(2)](GM(1))(3/2)(H(2)O)](infinity) (1) (TPT = terephthalate, L = 3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazole, GM(1) = terephthalic acid), [[Cd(TPT)L](GM(2))(H(2)O)(2)]( infinity) (2) (GM(2) = L = 3-(2-pyridyl)pyrazole), [[Cd(TPT)L](GM(3))(1/2)(H(2)O)](infinity) (3) (GM(3) = mesitylene), [[Cd(4)(TPT)(4)L(4)](GM(4))(7/2)](infinity) (4) (GM(4) = tetramethylbenzene), and [[Cd(TPT)L](GM(5))(1/2)](infinity) (5) (GM(5) = naphthalene), have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction. All the five complexes take the similar eclipsed 2D open-channel framework with different guest molecules included in the cavities of their channels. TGA analysis indicates that the eclipsed open-channel frameworks are thermally stable up to 300 degrees C. The porous property of the 2D framework of 5 was also investigated by the XRPD technique, which indicated that the guest molecules included in the open-channel frameworks are removable and the framework is maintained after the removal of the guest molecules. Moreover, complexes 1-5 also display strong blue emission in the solid state.

6.
Dalton Trans ; (5): 813-9, 2004 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15252504

RESUMO

Five novel Cd(II) coordination polymers with three structurally related flexible disulfoxide ligands, [[Cd(L1)3](ClO4)2]n (1), [[Cd(L2)3](ClO4)2(CHCl3)]n (2), [Cd(L2)(NO3)2(H2O)]n (3), [Cd2(L3)2(NO3)4]n (4) and [[Cd(L3)3](ClO4)2]n (5), where L1= 1,3-bis(phenylsulfinyl)propane, L2= 1,4-bis(phenylsulfinyl)butane and L3= 1,4-bis(ethylsulfinyl)butane, were synthesized and structurally determined by X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 has a 2D layer structure, in which part of the L1 ligands bridge the Cd(II) ions to form double-bridging chains and the other part of ligands link such chains to form a 2D framework. Complexes 2 and 5 are isomorphous, showing unusual 2D (3,6) network structures containing triangular grids. Complex 3 adopts a 2D (4,4) network formed by L2 linking the NO3- bridged (Cd-O-N-O-)n 1D zigzag chains. By contrast, is a 1D chain, in which two Cd(II) centers are bridged by mu2-O of sulfoxide groups to form a dinuclear unit, and L3 ligands link such dinuclear units to form a 1D double-bridging chain. The structural differences among such complexes show that the ligand nature and counter anions have important influences on the complex structures, which may provide a rational method for controlling the framework formation in metal-organic coordination polymers.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 43(1): 237-44, 2004 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14704073

RESUMO

The reactions of meso-1,2-bis(ethylsulfinyl)ethane (meso-L) with Ln(ClO(4))(3) [Ln(NO(3))(3) or Ln(NCS)(3)] in MeOH and CHCl(3) gave a series of new lanthanide coordination polymers, [[Ln(micro-meso-L)(rac-L)(2)(CH(3)OH)(2)](ClO(4))(3)](n) [Ln: La (1), Nd (2), Eu (3), Gd (4), Tb (5), Dy (6), and Yb (7)], [Yb(micro-meso-L)(1.5)(NO(3))(3)](n) (8), and [La(micro-meso-L)(2.5)(NCS)(3)](n) (9). All the structures were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Complexes 1-7 are isostructural with infinite single micro-chain structure, in which the L ligands take two kinds of coordination modes: bidentate chelating and bis-monodentate bridging. Six sulfur atoms of the sulfoxide groups around each Ln(III) center adopt alternatively the same R or S configuration in the chain. In addition, the configuration change of partial ligands occurred from the meso to the rac form when reacting with Ln(ClO(4))(3). To our knowledge, this is the first example of disulfoxide complexes with two kinds of coordination modes and three kinds of configurations (R,R, S,S, and R,S) occurring simultaneously in the same complex. 8 exhibits single-double bridging chain structure, in which dinuclear macrometallacycles formed through bridging two Yb(III) by two meso-L ligands are further linked by another meso-L ligand. In 9 each La(III) ion is linked to five other La(III) ions by five meso-L ligands to form a 5-connected 2-D (3/4,5) network containing two types of macrometallacyclic arrays: quadrilateral and triangle grids. The structural differences among 1-7, 8, and 9 show that counteranions play important roles in the framework formation of such coordination polymers. In addition, the luminescent properties of 3 and 5 were also investigated.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 42(23): 7422-30, 2003 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14606838

RESUMO

In our efforts to systematically investigate the effects of the linker units of flexible ligands and other factors on the structures of Ag(I) complexes with thioethers, five new flexible pyridyl thioether ligands, bis(2-pyridylthio)methane (L(1)()), 1,3-bis(2-pyridylthio)propane (L(3)()), 1,4-bis(2-pyridylthio)butane (L(4)), 1,5-bis(2-pyridylthio)pentane (L(5)), and 1,6-bis(2-pyridylthio)hexane (L(6)), have been designed and synthesized, and the reactions of these ligands with Ag(I) salts under varied conditions (varying the solvents and counteranions) lead to the formation of eight novel metal-organic coordination architectures from di- and trinuclear species to two-dimensional networks: [Ag(3)(L(1)())(2)(ClO(4))(2)](ClO(4)) (1), [[AgL(3)](ClO(4))]( infinity ) (2), [[Ag(2)(L(4))(2)](ClO(4))(2)(CHCl(3))]( infinity ) (3), [[AgL(4)](ClO(4))(C(3)H(6)O)]( infinity ) (4), [[Ag(2)L(4)](NO(3))(2)]( infinity ) (5), [Ag(2)L(4)()(CF(3)SO(3))(2)]( infinity ) (6), [[AgL(5)](ClO(4))(CHCl(3))](2) (7), and [[AgL(6)()](ClO(4))]( infinity ) (8). All the structures were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The coordination modes of these ligands were found to vary from N,N-bidentate to N,N,S-tridentate to N,N,S,S-tetradentate modes, while the Ag(I) centers adopt two-, three-, or four-coordination geometries with different coordination environments. The structural differences of 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 indicate that the subtle variations on the spacer units can greatly affect the coordination modes of the terminal pyridylsulfanyl groups and the coordination geometries of Ag(I) ions. The structural differences of 3 and 4 indicate that solvents also have great influence on the structures of Ag(I) complexes, and the differences between 3, 5, and 6 show counteranion effects in polymerization of Ag(I) complexes. The influences of counterions and solvents on the frameworks of these complexes are probably based upon the flexibility of ligands and the wide coordination geometries of Ag(I) ions. The results of this study indicate that the frameworks of the Ag(I) complexes with pyridyl dithioethers could be adjusted by ligand modifications and variations of the complex formation conditions.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 41(13): 3477-82, 2002 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12079467

RESUMO

The reactions of 1,4-bis(phenylthio)butane (L) with Ag(I) salts in varied conditions (varying the solvents, metal-to-ligand ratios, and counteranions) lead to the formation of four new two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers with different network structures: [Ag(2)L(3)(ClO(4))(2)](infinity) 1, [Ag(2)L(3)(ClO(4))(2) x CH(3)OH](infinity) 2, [[AgL(2)](ClO(4))](infinity) 3, and [AgLNO(3)](infinity) 4. All the structures were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Crystal data for 1: triclinic, P-1, a = 11.0253(9) A, b = 11.3455(9) A, c = 11.5231(9) A, alpha = 93.931(2) degrees, beta = 92.689(2) degrees, gamma = 112.9810(10) degrees, Z = 2. 2: triclinic, P-1, a = 11.9147(13) A, b = 16.1534(17) A, c = 16.2259(17) A, alpha = 74.977(2) degrees, beta = 69.030(2) degrees, gamma = 69.986(2) degrees, Z = 2. 3: triclinic, P-1, a = 12.1617(9) A, b = 12.5054(10) A, c = 13.1547(10) A, alpha = 64.3370(10) degrees, beta =85.938 (2) degrees, gamma = 69.3010(10) degrees, Z = 2. 4: monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 5.4032(17) A, b = 16.974(6) A, c = 19.489(6) A, beta = 94.234(6) degrees, Z = 4. In all four complexes, each Ag(I) center has a tetracoordination geometry, and the 2D networks consist of fused large macrometallacyclic ring systems. The "hexagonal" 42-membered rings, Ag(6)L(6), observed in 1 and 2 are nearly identical, which could be considered as unique examples of self-sustaining noninterpenetrated frameworks formed with flexible ligands. The repeating rectangular 28-membered macrometallacycle, Ag(4)L(4), is the basis for the network of 3, in which the perchlorate anions occupy the voids to prevent the ring from collapsing. In 4, columns of the fused rectangular 22-membered rings, Ag(4)L(2)(NO(3))(2), are cross-linked through the L ligands to form a unique 2D network consisting of two types of 22-membered repeating units.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 40(17): 3201-3203, 2001 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29712046

RESUMO

Fillings and cavities: Three novel pseudo-octahedral metal-organic frameworks, 1-3, consisting of macrometallacyclic noninterpenetrating meso networks and exhibiting weak antiferromagnetic interactions, have been constructed from CuII centers and structurally flexible R,S-bis(sulfinyl) ligands. Varying the chain length of ligands is found to control the cavity sizes of the networks.

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