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1.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 52(2): 111-115, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570347

RESUMO

Wan's gynecology and obstetrics (Wan Shi Nv Ke), collected by the library of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, was examined with the field method. It was found some issues existed both in the recording and description of Wan's gynecology and obstetrics (Wan Shi Nv Ke) collected by the library of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences in the electronic catalogue of ancient books and in the General catalogue of ancient books of traditional Chinese Medicine (Zhong Guo Zhong Yi Gu Ji Zong Mu), in terms of the same version with different registration, wrong publication time, some contents missed in publication, and the version actually not collected.

2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 822469, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530342

RESUMO

Primary pulmonary EWS/PNET(PPES) is extremely rare and is associated with a poor prognosis. Tumor angiogenesis plays an important role in tumor, so it has become a hot topic in molecular targeted therapy. Anlotinib is a new oral small molecular multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor. This report describes a 20 year-old man with PPES. After 4 neoadjuvant chemotherapy cycles (VACwith alternating IE) combined with anlotinib, the left total pneumonectomy was performed. Then maintenance anlotinib monotherapy was continued, no sign of recurrence to date as an outcome. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of anlotinib combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy efficacy in PPES.

3.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(2): 115-116, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537830

RESUMO

China was certificated malaria-free by WHO in 2021 and has continued to maintain malaria elimination. However, there are still huge challenges in malaria control in the border regions between Yunnan Province, China and Myanmar due to lack of geographic barriers and frequent cross-border travel. Hereby, we review the direction contributions of the Global Fund Malaria Program implemented by Health Poverty Action (HPA), an international non-governmental organization (NGO), to malaria elimination in China, and analyze the challenges of malaria control caused by external environmental factors, such as COVID-19, in regions where the Global Fund Malaria Program is implemented. In addition, some suggestions are proposed for cross-border collaboration on malaria control.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Malária , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/prevenção & controle , Organizações , Viagem
4.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(2): 141-148, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the activity of aromatic pyrrole-based compounds against cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum and test their acute toxicity to fish. METHODS: A series of aromatic pyrrole-based compounds were synthesized using 4-benzyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrrole-3-nitrile as the lead compound. The synthesized compounds were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 10.00, 1.00, 0.10, 0.01 mg/L, and the activity of these solutions against S. japonicum cercariae was tested in 30 min, while 0.10 mg/L and 0.01 mg/L niclosamide solutions served as a positive control and dechlorinated water with 1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as a negative control, with 10 to 30 cercariae of S. japonicum in each group. In addition, the compounds were prepared into solutions at concentrations of 0.50, 0.25, 0.12, 0.06, 0.03 mg/L, and their toxicity to zebrafish was tested in 72 h, while 0.15 mg/L and 0.30 mg/L niclosamide solutions served as a positive control and dechlorinated water with 1% DMSO was used as a negative control, with 10 zebrafishes in each group. RESULTS: A total of 7 aromatic pyrrole-based compounds were successfully synthesized. Treatment with compounds 102, 104 and 106 at a concentration of 0.01 mg/L for 30 min killed all S. japonicum cercariae, and compounds 105 and 107 showed no activity against cercariae. No death of cercariae was found in the blank control group, while treatment with 0.10 mg/L niclosamide for 10 min caused a 100% mortality rate of S. japonicum cercariae and 0.01 mg/L niclosamide failed to kill S. japonicum cercariae. No zebrafish death was found 72 h post-treatment with compounds 101, 104 and 105 at a concentration of 0.03 mg/L, and exposure to compounds 102, 103 and 106 at a concentration of 0.03 mg/L for 12 h resulted in a 100% mortality rate of zebrafish. No zebrafish death occurred 72 h post-treatment with 0.50 mg/L Compound 104, and no zebrafish death was found in the blank control group, while treatment with 0.30 mg/L niclosamide for 24 h resulted in a 100% mortality rate of zebrafish. CONCLUSIONS: Compound 104 achieves a 100% mortality rate against S. japonicum cercariae at a concentration of 0.01 mg/L for 30 min, and causes no death of zebrafish at a concentration of 0.50 mg/L for 72 h, which may serve as a cercaricide candidate.


Assuntos
Schistosoma japonicum , Animais , Cercárias , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Niclosamida/toxicidade , Pirróis , Água , Peixe-Zebra
6.
J Pediatr ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe neurologic, radiologic and laboratory features in children with central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory disease complicating SARS-CoV-2 infection. STUDY DESIGN: We focused on CNS inflammatory diseases in children referred from 12 hospitals in the Paris area to Necker-Enfants Malades Reference Centre. RESULTS: We identified 19 children who had a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection and manifest a variety of CNS inflammatory diseases: encephalopathy, cerebellar ataxia, ADEM, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) or optic neuritis. All patients had a history of SARS-CoV-2 exposure, and all tested positive for circulating antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. At the onset of the neurologic disease, SARS-CoV-2 PCR results (nasopharyngeal swabs) were positive in 8 children. Cerebrospinal fluid was abnormal in 58% (11/19), MRI was abnormal in 74% (14/19). We identified an autoantibody co-trigger in 4 children (MOG and AQP4 antibodies) representing 21%. No autoantibody was found in the 6 children whose CNS inflammation was accompanied by a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Overall, 89% of patients (17/19) received anti-inflammatory treatment, primarily high-pulse methylprednisolone. All patients had a complete long-term recovery and, to date, no patient with autoantibodies presented with a relapse. CONCLUSION: SARS2-CoV-2 represents a new trigger of post infectious CNS inflammatory diseases in children.

7.
Animal ; 16(5): 100509, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436648

RESUMO

Kisspeptin (KP) is a major positive regulator of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis and affects female reproductive cyclicity in mammals. It offers an attractive alternative strategy to control reproduction in fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) protocols. We aimed to evaluate the effects of different doses of kisspeptin-10 (KP-10) on sow reproductive performance in FTAI protocols. One hundred ninety-eight weaned sows were divided into three groups at random. A FTAI-GnRH group of sows (n = 98) received 100 µg (2 mL) gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH; gonadorelin) by intramuscular injection at 96 h after weaning (t = 0 h); FTAI-KPL (KPL: low-dose KP-10, n = 50), and FTAI-KPH groups of sows (KPH: high-dose KP-10, n = 50) received 0.5 or 1 mg KP-10 (2 mL) respectively at 96 h after weaning. Sows were checked twice daily for oestrus. Ultrasonographic evaluations were performed to determine the follicular diameter and time of ovulation; blood samples were collected immediately before injection (t0 = 0 min) and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90 min, 24 and 48 h postinjection. Sows were inseminated at 112 and 132 h after weaning. The oestrus rates (96 vs 92%; 96 vs 88%) and weaning-to-oestrus intervals (98.9 vs 98.6 h; 98.9 vs 97.1 h) were not affected by treatment, but oestrus in the FTAI-KPL group was significantly longer than in the FTAI-GnRH group (38.7 vs 30.0 h; P < 0.05). The peak LH concentrations were 1.29 times greater than at t0 = 0 in the FTAI-GnRH group, and 1.45 and 1.44 times greater than at t0 = 0 in the FTAI-KPL and FTAI-KPH groups, respectively. Follicular diameters and pregnancy rates (86 vs 88%, 86 vs 80%, respectively) did not differ between the treatments. Moreover, the total numbers of piglets born and those born alive did not differ among the three groups. These findings suggested that 0.5 mg KP-10 given at 96 h after weaning could be used in FTAI programmes to manage batch farrowing in sows.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430123

RESUMO

Dental implant restoration is a predictable treatment option for replacing missing or damaged teeth. Conventional loading requires a prolonged treatment period and second surgical interventions. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes between immediate and non-immediate (early or conventional) loading in single-implant restorations. A literature search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases was performed in January 2020. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. The overall risk ratios (RRs), mean differences (MDs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used in the analyses. A total of 10 RCTs reporting on 423 patients were included. There was no significant difference in any of the outcomes of interest between the immediate and non-immediate loading cases: implant failure at the patient level (RR 1.29, 95% CI 0.35 to 4.78, P = 0.71), implant failure at the implant level (RR 1.19, 95% CI 0.40 to 3.51, P = 0.75), marginal bone loss (MD -0.04, 95% CI -0.16 to 0.08, P = 0.54). Subgroup analyses showed similar results. Immediate loading had predictable long-term clinical outcomes if the indicated patients were carefully selected. The influences of several technical factors need to be confirmed in additional clinical trials.

9.
J Bioinform Comput Biol ; : 2250008, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451939

RESUMO

Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD[Formula: see text]-dependent deacetylase involved in multiple glucose metabolism pathways and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus (DM). The enzyme specifically recognizes its deacetylation substrates' peptide segments containing a central acetyl-lysine residue as well as a number of amino acids flanking the central residue. In this study, we attempted to ascertain the minimal sequence requirement (MSR) around the central acetyl-lysine residue of SIRT1 substrate-recognition sites as well as the amino acid preference (AAP) at different residues of the MSR window through quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) strategy, which would benefit our understanding of SIRT1 substrate specificity at the molecular level and is also helpful to rationally design substrate-mimicking peptidic agents against DM by competitively targeting SIRT1 active site. In this procedure, a large-scale dataset containing 6801 13-mer acetyl-lysine peptides (and their SIRT1-catalyized deacetylation activities) were compiled to train 10 QSAR regression models developed by systematic combination of machine learning methods (PLS and SVM) and five amino acids descriptors (DPPS, T-scale, MolSurf, [Formula: see text]-score, and FASGAI). The two best QSAR models (PLS+FASGAI and SVM+DPPS) were then employed to statistically examine the contribution of residue positions to the deacetylation activity of acetyl-lysine peptide substrates, revealing that the MSR can be represented by 5-mer acetyl-lysine peptides that meet a consensus motif X[Formula: see text]X[Formula: see text]X[Formula: see text](AcK)0X[Formula: see text]. Structural analysis found that the X[Formula: see text] and (AcK)0 residues are tightly packed against the enzyme active site and confer both stability and specificity for the enzyme-substrate complex, whereas the X[Formula: see text], X[Formula: see text] and X[Formula: see text] residues are partially exposed to solvent but can also effectively stabilize the complex system. Subsequently, a systematic deacetylation activity change profile (SDACP) was created based on QSAR modeling, from which the AAP for each residue position of MSR was depicted. With the profile, we were able to rationally design an SDACP combinatorial library with promising deacetylation activity, from which nine MSR acetyl-lysine peptides as well as two known SIRT1 acetyl-lysine peptide substrates were tested by using SIRT1 deacetylation assay. It is revealed that the designed peptides exhibit a comparable or even higher activity than the controls, although the former is considerably shorter than the latter.

10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(15): 1093-1099, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436808

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application value of relaxation time quantitative technique from synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and invasion assessment of prostate cancer. Methods: A total of 119 patients with prostate diseases [122 regions of interest(ROI)] who underwent routine MRI scan and magnetic resonance image compilation (MAGiC) sequence of prostate from March 2020 to March 2021 in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were retrospectively collected, they were divided into prostate cancer group(58 cases, 61 ROI) and non-prostate cancer group(61 cases, 61 ROI) according to the pathological results. In the prostate cancer group, those patients with an age of 48 to 85(69.8±5.9) years, and further divided into two subgroups according to the location of occurrence: peripheral zone cancer group (43 cases, 45 ROI) and transitional zone cancer group (15 cases, 16 ROI). The non-prostate cancer group consisted of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia or complicated with chronic prostatitis, with an age of 41 to 81(68.6±7.0) years, and they were further divided into two subgroups according to the location of occurrence: non-cancerous peripheral zone group (45 cases, 45 ROI) and transitional zone benign prostatic hyperplasia group(16 cases, 16 ROI). Prostate cancer lesions were classified as low risk (Gleason score ≤6) or intermediate/high risk (Gleason score ≥7). After the post-processing of MAGiC images, T1, T2 and proton density(PD) values of prostate cancer group and non-prostate cancer group were obtained. At the same time, relevant software were used for image post-processing to generate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value, the data between the two groups were analyzed by the Independent sample t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test, and the diagnostic effectiveness of each quantitative parameter in diagnosing prostate cancer and discriminating low risk prostate cancer from intermediate/high risk prostate cancer was analyzed by using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis, the correlation between each quantitative parameter and Gleason score were assessed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results: The T1 value and T2 value of the peripheral zone cancer group were lower than those in non-cancerous peripheral zone group [1 201.3 (1 103.5, 1 298.2) ms vs 2 274.0 (1 620.9, 2 776.5) ms; 78.0 (74.0, 83.8) ms vs (160.6±54.9) ms] (all P<0.001), there was no statistically significant in PD value between the two groups (P>0.05). The T1 value and T2 value of the transitional zone cancer group were lower than those in transitional zone benign prostatic hyperplasia group [1 073.3 (1 003.9, 1 164.9) ms vs 1 340.8 (1 208.5, 1 502.8) ms; 76.9 (74.8, 82.8) ms vs 95.1(82.8, 103.4) ms] (all P<0.001), there was no statistically significant in PD value between the two groups (P>0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of T2 value was similar with the ADC value in discriminating peripheral zone cancer group from non-cancerous peripheral zone group(0.963 vs 0.991, P=0.105), while in discriminating transitional zone cancer group from transitional zone benign prostatic hyperplasia group, the AUC of T2 value、T1 value and ADC value were similar(0.867, 0.930 vs 0.938, all P>0.05). ADC value, T2 value all were negatively correlated with Gleason score (r=-0.747,-0.453, all P<0.001). T2 value and ADC value demonstrated equivalent diagnostic performance in discriminating low risk from intermediate/high risk prostate cancer, and there were no statistically significant (AUC: 0.787 vs 0.943, P=0.069). Conclusions: Quantitative relaxation time T1 and T2 values derived from synthetic MRI can discriminate prostate cancer from other benign pathologies, and T2 value have the equivalent diagnostic performance compared to ADC value. Synthetic MRI has high clinical application value, and T2 value can distinguish low risk prostate cancer from intermediate/high risk prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Neoplasias da Próstata , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 304-314, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect of microsurgery and endovascular embolization in the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) by meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed to retrieve all relevant literature about surgical treatment or endovascular embolization of SDAVF up to December 2019 through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials Results, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and SinoMed. The Chinese and English key words included: "SDAVF", "spinal dural arteriovenous fistula", "spinal AVM", "spinal vascular malformation and treatment". The included studies were evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The early failure rate, long-term recurrence, neurological recovery, and complications were evaluated and the clinical effects of the two methods in the treatment of SDAVF were compared by using RevMan 5.3 software. And a further subgroup analysis of the therapeutic effect of endovascular embolization with different embolic agents was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 46 studies involving 1 958 cases of SDAVF were included, in which 935 cases were treated by microsurgery and 1 023 cases were treated by endovascular embolization. The funnel plot demonstrated that there was no publication bias. The results of meta-analysis showed that the incidence of early surgical failure was lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.20, 95%CI: 0.13-0.30, P < 0.05), and the long-term recurrence was also lower than that of endovascular embolization (OR=0.36, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58, P < 0.05). The improvement of neurological function in the surgical patients is significantly higher than that in the patients treated with endovascular embolization (OR=2.86, 95%CI: 1.36-5.99, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of complications in these two groups (OR=1.52, 95%CI: 0.88-2.64, P=0.14). In the cases of endovascular embolization, the risk of treatment failure or recurrence was higher with Onyx glue than with n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), and the difference was statistically significant (OR=4.70, 95%CI: 1.55-14.28, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Although the treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas by intravascular embolization has been widely used, the clinical effect of microsurgery is still better than that of endovascular embolization. Large scale and high-quality randomized controlled trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in SDAVF patients.


Assuntos
Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central , Embolização Terapêutica , Embucrilato , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Embucrilato/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Microcirurgia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(3): 290-296, 2022 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462485

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy, establish a diagnostic model, and value of ultrasound attenuation parameters (UAP) to diagnose hepatic steatosis in metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) and its relevant disorders. Methods: 3770 cases were selected from the Health Examination Center of the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University between October to December 2020. MAFLD diagnosis was based on the Asia-Pacific region MAFLD clinical diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The degree of hepatic steatosis was divided into mild, moderate and severe according to ultrasound imaging. UAP, clinical characteristic indexes, serum biochemical indexes, characteristics of hepatic steatosis and related factors were compared and analyzed in MAFLD patients and healthy controls. Logistic regression method was used to analyze the independent risk factors affecting the progression of hepatic steatosis in MAFLD to establish the diagnostic model. The clinical efficacy of UAP and the new model in diagnosing MAFLD was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). One-way ANOVA was used to compare means among multiple groups. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare non-normally distributed measurement data between the two groups, and rank-sum test was used to compare multiple groups. χ2 test was used to compare count data between groups. Results: Among the 3 770 cases, 650 were MAFLD, with a prevalence rate of 17.24%, and the highest prevalence was 37.23% in the age group of 60-69. The prevalence rate was significantly higher in male than female (30.34% vs. 9.17%). Age-sex analysis showed that the prevalence rate in males aged 30-69 years was 38.26%, and that in females aged over 60 years was 31.94%. UAP was significantly higher in patients with MAFLD than healthy controls (278.55 dB/m vs. 220.90 dB/m, Z=-12.592, P<0.001), and an increasing trend with increased degree of hepatic steatosis (mild:257.20 dB/m, moderate:286.20 dB/m, and severe: 315.00 dB/m) were observed. The cut-off values of UAP for the diagnosis of mild, moderate and severe hepatic steatosis were 243≤UAP<258 dB/m, 258≤UAP<293 dB/m, ≥293 dB/m in MAFLD. The sensitivity and specificity were 67.20%, 93.60%, 95.90%, and 82.10%, 72.00%, and 84.80%, respectively. UAP, alanine aminotransferase and fasting blood glucose were independent risk factors for the progression of hepatic steatosis in MAFLD. The combined MAFLD classification model (UAG model) was established. The AUC of mild, moderate and severe hepatic steatosis in MAFLD were 0.906, 0.907, and 0.946, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity were 76.50%, 82.10%, 98.00%, and 90.80%, 83.30% and 76.10%, respectively. Conclusion: MAFLD is a common disease in the general population, with a higher incidence in male and elderly female over 30 years of age. UAP can be used as a new noninvasive diagnostic technique to evaluate hepatic steatosis in MAFLD. The UAG model has a good diagnostic efficacy on MAFLD and its relevant disorders, and thus can be used as a guide for evaluating clinical diagnosis and prognosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adulto , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia/métodos
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439863

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application value of bispectral index(BIS) , specific protein 100ß(S100ß) combined with Copeptinin patients with acute severe carbon monoxide poisoning (ASCMP). Methods: A total of 256 patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning admitted to Hengshui People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were collected, and they were divided into 30 mild cases, 40 moderate cases and 186 severe cases according to the degree of poisoning. Among them, patients with severe carbon monoxide poisoning were divided into a poor prognosis group (20 cases) and a good prognosis group (166 cases) according to whether adverse events occurred. The changes of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) , N-terminal precursor B-type brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) , BIS, S100ß, and Copeptin in poisoned patients were measured. Logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the significance of relevant indicators for ASCMP patients. Results: Compared with the mild-to-moderate group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100ß, Copeptin increased, and BIS value decreased in the severe group (P< 0.05). 24 hours after admission, compared with the good prognosis group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100ß, Copeptin in the poor prognosis group increased, and the BIS value decreased (P<0.05). In the poor prognosis group, CK-MB, NT-proBNP, S100ß, and Copeptin at 72 hours after admission were all lower than those at 24 hours after admission, and the BIS value was higher than that at 24 hours after admission (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that ASCMP patients with increased S100ß, Copeptin, and decreased BIS values had an increased risk of adverse events (P<0.05). The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve of the combined detection of BIS, S100ß and Copeptin was 0.859, which had a great predictive value for the prognosis of ASCMP patients. Conclusion: BIS, S100ß combined with Copeptin detection is of great value for early assessment of ASCMP disease and prognosis prediction.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono , Biomarcadores , Creatina Quinase Forma MB , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Subunidade beta da Proteína Ligante de Cálcio S100
15.
Nature ; 604(7905): 280-286, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418631

RESUMO

Multijunction solar cells can overcome the fundamental efficiency limits of single-junction devices. The bandgap tunability of metal halide perovskite solar cells renders them attractive for multijunction architectures1. Combinations with silicon and copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS), as well as all-perovskite tandem cells, have been reported2-5. Meanwhile, narrow-gap non-fullerene acceptors have unlocked skyrocketing efficiencies for organic solar cells6,7. Organic and perovskite semiconductors are an attractive combination, sharing similar processing technologies. Currently, perovskite-organic tandems show subpar efficiencies and are limited by the low open-circuit voltage (Voc) of wide-gap perovskite cells8 and losses introduced by the interconnect between the subcells9,10. Here we demonstrate perovskite-organic tandem cells with an efficiency of 24.0 per cent (certified 23.1 per cent) and a high Voc of 2.15 volts. Optimized charge extraction layers afford perovskite subcells with an outstanding combination of high Voc and fill factor. The organic subcells provide a high external quantum efficiency in the near-infrared and, in contrast to paradigmatic concerns about limited photostability of non-fullerene cells11, show an outstanding operational stability if excitons are predominantly generated on the non-fullerene acceptor, which is the case in our tandems. The subcells are connected by an ultrathin (approximately 1.5 nanometres) metal-like indium oxide layer with unprecedented low optical/electrical losses. This work sets a milestone for perovskite-organic tandems, which outperform the best p-i-n perovskite single junctions12 and are on a par with perovskite-CIGS and all-perovskite multijunctions13.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Índio , Cobre , Óxidos , Titânio
16.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35412333

RESUMO

Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.; Xanthorrhoeaceae) originated from Eastern Asia and are widely cultivated as perennial ornamentals from the tropics to their native high latitudes. In June 2021, daylily cultivar 'Tao Hua Zhai' with leaf spot symptoms were found at the Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, China. The disease prevalence was about 14.5 % in a 33,000 m2 planting area indicated by survey statistics. Symptoms of the disease initially appeared as small, circular, brown spots on the leaves. As disease progressed, spots increased gradually until they were distributed uniformly over the lamina, the leaf tip became withered and the rest of the leaf became chlorotic. Symptomatic leaf tissue pieces (5 × 5 mm) from lesion margins were sterilized with 75 % ethanol for 1 min, rinsed three times with sterile distilled water, then incubated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) plates at 28 °C in the dark. A pure culture (ATHF-1) was obtained. Its upper surface on PDA was olive green with loose aerial hyphae, and its lower surface was brown.Conidiophores were brown, single or branched, producing numerous short chains conidia. Conidia were obclavate to obpyriform or ellipsoid, pale brown to dark brown, with a short cylindrical beak at the tip, contained 2-6 transverse septa and 0-4 longitudinal septa. The size of conidia were 15.9-47.3 µm × 7.6-16.6 µm (n=50), and length/width ratios were 1.51 to 4.92. Based on the morphological characteristics, the fungus was identified as Alternaria spp. (Simmons, 2007). For molecular characterization, three genes (the internal transcribed spacers [ITS], plasma membrane ATPase [ATPase] and major allergen Alt a 1) of ATHF-1 were amplified with primer pairs ITS1/ITS4 (White et al. 1990), ATPDF1/ATPDR1 (Lawrence et al. 2013) and Alt-for/Alt-rev (Hong et al. 2005), respectively. The sequences were deposited in GenBank (ITS, MZ983611; ATPase, MZ962978; Alt a 1, OK021654). Blastn searches showed the nucleotide sequences of ATHF-1 were highly similar to the reference sequences of Alternaria tenuissima (ITS, 99 % to KU982591; ATPase, 98 % to MT833928; Alt a 1, 100 % to MT109294). A phylogenetic tree based on the ITS, ATPase and Alt a 1 sequences was constructed by MEGA7.0, which showed that ATHF-1 was closely related to A. tenuissima and A. alternata. But according to Woudenberg et al. (2015), they were synonymized under the species name A. alternata. So, based on morphological and molecular characteristics, the fungus was identified as A. alternata. For pathogenicity tests, ten healthy two-month-old potted seedlings from tissue culture daylilies were sprayed with 20 ml of suspension (approximately 2×105 spores/ml), ten daylilies were used as controls and sprayed with sterile water. After covering with transparent plastic bags for 48 h to maintain humidity, the plants were placed in the greenhouse at 25 ℃ with 12 h photoperiod. The pathogenicity tests were repeated twice. Seven days after inoculation, lesions appeared on the plants inoculated with the pathogen, which were consistent with the symptoms observed in the field, while the controls remained symptomless. The morphological characteristics and gene sequences of the re-isolated strain from the diseased leaves were consistent with those of the inoculated strain. To our knowledge, this is the first report of A. alternata affecting leaf spot disease on daylily in China. Identification of the causal agent of the disease is important for developing effective disease management strategies. References: Hong, S.G., et al. 2005. Fungal Genet Biol. 42(2):119-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2004.10.009 Lawrence, D.P., et al. 2013. Mycologia. 105(3):530-546. https://doi.org/10.3852/12-249 Simmons, E.G. 2007. Alternaria: An Identification Manual. CBS Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, the Netherlands. White, T. J., et al. 1990. Amplification and Direct Sequencing of Fungal Ribosomal RNA Genes for Phylogenetics. PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications, 18(1), 315-322. Woudenberg J.H.C., et al. 2015. Studies in Mycology. 82(82):1-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simyco.2015.07.001.

17.
S Afr J Surg ; 60(1): 67-69, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451274

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Congenital abnormalities of the biliary system are a consideration in children with biliary symptomatology. The preoperative diagnosis rate is still not satisfactory, despite progresses made in imaging technology, with the potential of biliary tract injury if surgery is indicated. The double gallbladder is a rare developmental abnormality of the biliary tract with several anatomical variations. This abnormality was accurately delineated in a 7-year-old child by MRI/MRCP, allowing the ductal anatomy to be accurately identified and safe laparoscopic cholecystectomies to be performed.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Criança , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética , Colecistectomia , Humanos
18.
Opt Express ; 30(8): 12952-12963, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35472920

RESUMO

Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) modes can be converted from fundamental Gaussian mode by using phase optical elements such as spiral phase plates (SPP), but the conversion efficiency is strongly reduced in high charge plates because of the transverse intensity deviation. In this paper, a three-step scheme is proposed to dramatically improve the conversion efficiency. First, a fundamental Gaussian beam is converted to a 1st-order LG beam via a 1st-order SPP and a spatial filtering system. Then, by using a periscopic axicon mirror (PAM), the lst-order LG beam is transformed into an annular beam with larger beam radius. Finally, by using a second high-order SPP, this intensity-matched ring beam can be effectively converted to a high-charge LG0l beam. Through optimization of the PAM's parameter, the total conversion efficiency from fundamental Gaussian beam to LG0l mode as high as 91.85% is obtained, which is much higher than the case without PAM. Numerical simulations are carried out by the particle-in-cell (PIC) code EPOCH to verify the effectiveness of the scheme.

19.
Facts Views Vis Obgyn ; 14(1): 95-98, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35373555

RESUMO

Placenta accreta located in a caesarean section scar is difficult to remove. The Intrauterine Bigatti Shaver (IBS®) has already been proven to be effective in placental remnant removal. Our case report highlights that the IBS® is also a safe method to remove placental remnants attached to a previous caesarean section scar performed for a cervical pregnancy and associated with placenta accreta.

20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(4): 354-359, 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448924

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the ultrasonographic features and clinical pathological of liver metastasis in patients with melanoma. Methods: Thirteen patients with liver metastasis from melanoma treated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from 2013 to 2019 were selected, and their ultrasonographic and clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Eleven of the 13 patients had multiple liver lesions. The maximum diameter of the lesions was (5.89±2.73) cm. Five cases of lesions were mixed echo (3 cases with high melanin content), 4 cases of lesions were hyperechoic (3 cases with low melanin content), 3 cases of lesions were hypoechoic (all with high melanin content), 1 case of lesions were equal echo (with high melanin content). The lesions in 11 patients had clear boundaries, while other 2 patients lacked the clear borders. Cystic areas were present in the lesions of 3 patients. Six cases had irregular lesions (lobulated), and 7 cases had regular lesions (round, oval). There were acoustic halos around the lesion in 9 cases and smooth and uneven acoustic halos in 5 cases. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that 11 cases were positive for S-100, HMB45 and Melan-A. One patient was not tested for HMB45, while S-100 and Melan-A were positive. One patient did not undergo Melan-A test, while S-100 and HMB45 were positive. Conclusion: Most of the liver metastases of melanoma are mixed echo or hyperechoic, most of them are nodular with clear boundaries combined with vocal halo, and a few of the lesions have cystic areas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Melanoma , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Antígeno MART-1 , Melaninas , Melanoma/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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