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1.
FASEB J ; : fj201900965R, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415184

RESUMO

Schwann cells (SCs) play an essential role in nerve injury repair. A striking feature of the cellular response to peripheral nerve injury is the proliferation of SCs. Circular (circ)RNAs are enriched in the nervous system and are involved in physiologic and pathologic processes. However, the potential role of circRNAs in SC proliferation post nerve injury remains largely unknown. Using a sciatic nerve crush model, we obtained an expression profiling of circRNAs in injured sciatic nerves in rats by RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, and we further identified a circRNA [circ-ankyrin repeat and in-between Ring finger (IBR) domain containing 1 (Ankib1)] involved in SC proliferation by the transfection of specific small interfering RNAs. Overexpression of circ-Ankib1, which was specifically and highly enriched in SCs, impaired SC proliferation and axon regeneration following sciatic nerve injury. Mechanistically, increased expression of DEx/H-box helicase 9 (DHX9) postinjury might contribute to the down-regulation of circ-Ankib1, which further suppressed cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily B, polypeptide 1 expression by sponging miR-423-5p, miR-485-5p, and miR-666-3p, leading to the induction of SC proliferation and nerve regeneration. Taken together, our results reveal a crucial role for circRNAs in regulating proliferation of SCs involved in sciatic nerve regeneration; as such, circRNAs may serve as a potential therapeutic avenue for nerve injury repair.-Mao, S., Zhang, S., Zhou, S., Huang, T., Feng, W., Gu, X., Yu, B. A Schwann cell-enriched circular RNA circ-Ankib1 regulates Schwann cell proliferation following peripheral nerve injury.

2.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452270

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are linked to tumor development and progression. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance and biological role of LINC01116 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We identified 21 aberrantly expressed lncRNAs specific to HNSCC that were common in two microarray datasets. LINC01116 was highly overexpressed in HNSCC tissues and was correlated to shorter overall survival and relapse-free survival duration, as analyzed by the online Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis platform. LINC01116 was also overexpressed in oral squamous cell carcinoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues, and LINC01116 silencing significantly inhibited the migration and invasion capacities of both cell lines by blocking the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process. In addition, 125 coexpressing genes were identified by circlncRNAnet, and were mainly located on human autosomes and enriched in transforming growth factor-ß signaling pathway. These findings indicate that LINC01116 might be a potential therapeutic target for HNSCC.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(8): 1411-1423, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441612

RESUMO

Biorefinery technologies provide promising solutions to achieve sustainable development facing energy and environment crisis, while abundant sugar feedstock is an essential basis for biorefinery industries. Photosynthetic production of sucrose with cyanobacteria is an alternative sugar feedstock supply route with great potentials. Driven by solar energy, cyanobacteria photosynthetic cell factory could directly convert carbon dioxide and water into sucrose, and such a process could simultaneously reduce carbon emissions and supply sugar feedstocks. Here we introduced the history and updated the state-of-the-art on development of cyanobacteria cell factories for photosynthetic production of sucrose, summarized the progress and problems on mechanisms of sucrose synthesis, metabolic engineering strategies and technology expansions, and finally forecasted the future development direction in this area.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) has recently been recognized as a fibro-inflammatory condition featuring tumefactive lesions in multiple organs, and the salivary gland is one of the most commonly involved sites. We undertook this study to compare detailed demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of IgG4-RD patients with salivary gland lesions (IgG4-RD SG+) and salivary-gland-free IgG4-RD (IgG4-RD SG-) in a large cohort. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of the medical records of 428 cases of IgG4-RD diagnosed at Peking University People's Hospital between March 2006 and May 2018. RESULTS: Among 428 patients, 249 had salivary glands that were affected. IgG4-RD SG+ patients showed younger age at disease onset and diagnosis, and a longer interval between symptom onset and diagnosis. The IgG4-RD SG+ group involved more female patients, and allergic diseases were more common in this group. In terms of organ involvement, the IgG4-RD SG+ group were more frequently presented with lacrimal gland involvement, while lymph node, retroperitoneal fibrosis, pancreas, biliary system, kidney and aorta were more prominent in the IgG4-RD SG- group. In addition, the serum IgG4 level, IgG4/IgG ratio and IgE level were significantly higher in IgG4-RD SG+ patients. Patients with eosinophilia were more common in the IgG4-RD SG+ group, while elevated ESR, CRP and positive ANA were more common in the IgG4-RD SG- group. CONCLUSION: We have revealed demographic, clinical and laboratory differences between IgG4-RD SG+ and SG- patients, which indicated potential differences in pathogenesis and important implications for the diagnosis and management of these two phenotypes.

5.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421991

RESUMO

To study the utility of neurophysiological monitoring in the micro-surgical treatments on children with Tethered Cord Syndrome (TCS). A total of 100 patients were included in this study. 51 children underwent micro-surgical treatments without neurophysiological monitoring (no monitoring group) from 2004 to 2009, whereas 49 children with neurophysiological monitoring (monitoring group) from 2010 to 2016. Postoperative evaluations demonstrated that more children in monitoring group (39, 80%) achieved total release than no monitoring group (36, 71%). Fewer new complications (9, 18%) were found in children of monitoring group than that of no monitoring group (19, 37%) (χ2 = 4.422, P < 0.05). Additionally, more children in monitoring group (34, 76%) achieved complete recovery or significant improvement than that of no monitoring group (24, 54%) (χ2 = 4.326, P < 0.05). This retrospective study provided the evidence supporting the hypothesis that intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring may better guide the surgical process, reduce the risk of post-operative complications, and improve the recovery of children with TCS.

6.
Brain Res ; 1722: 146361, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377105

RESUMO

Kaempferol has been reported to act as an anti-inflammatory agent in LPS-induced neuroinflammation in vitro and in vivo, but its role in the inflammation after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is unclear. The present study was to investigate the effect of kaempferol on inflammation in ischemic brain tissue and explore its mechanisms in cerebral I/R rats. Cerebral I/R rat model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion for 60 min and following reperfusion. Kaempferol at doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg was administered for 7 days after cerebral I/R. Kaempferol treatment significantly reduced cerebral infarct volume, attenuated inflammation and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption after cerebral I/R, thus improved neurological outcomes at the day 7 after cerebral I/R. Furthermore, the results also showed kaempferol treatment decreased the phosphorylation and nuclear transposition of transcription factor NF-κB p65, thus inhibited expression of various pro-inflammatory proteins. In conclusion, kaempferol attenuates neuroinflammation and blood brain barrier dysfunction to improve neurological deficits in cerebral I/R rats, its mechanism is related to NF-κB pathway.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9371-9381, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379162

RESUMO

A major obstacle to the clinical use of curcumin (CUR) is its reduced bioavailability because of the drug's hydrophobic nature, low intestinal absorption, and rapid metabolism. In this study, a novel oral drug delivery system was constructed for improving the stability and enhancing mucoadhesion of CUR in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. First, CUR was encapsulated in the bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (CUR-BSA-NPs). Then, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC)-modified CUR-BSA-NPs (CUR-NBSA-NPs) were obtained. The average particle size and zeta potential of CUR-NBSA-NPs were 251.6 nm and -30.66 mV, respectively; encapsulation efficiency and drug loading were 85.79 and 10.9%, respectively. CUR-NBSA-NPs exhibited a sustained release property and prominently enhanced stability in simulated GI conditions. Additionally, enhanced mucoadhesion of CUR-NBSA-NPs was also observed. An MTT study showed that the CUR-NBSA-NPs were safe for oral administration. Overall, NAC-modified BSA-NPs may potentially serve as an oral vehicle for improving CUR stability in the GI tract and enhancing mucoadhesion.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/química , Curcumina/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/instrumentação , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Bovinos , Curcumina/metabolismo , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula
8.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 70, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide in the USA and worldwide. There has been considerable debate about its carcinogenicity. Epidemiological studies suggest that multiple myeloma (MM) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have a positive and statistically significant association with glyphosate exposure. As a B cell genome mutator, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a key pathogenic player in both MM and B cell NHL. METHODS: Vk*MYC is a mouse line with sporadic MYC activation in germinal center B cells and considered as the best available MM animal model. We treated Vk*MYC mice and wild-type mice with drinking water containing 1000 mg/L of glyphosate and examined animals after 72 weeks. RESULTS: Vk*MYC mice under glyphosate exposure developed progressive hematological abnormalities and plasma cell neoplasms such as splenomegaly, anemia, and high serum IgG. Moreover, glyphosate caused multiple organ dysfunction, including lytic bone lesions and renal damage in Vk*MYC mice. Glyphosate-treated wild-type mice developed benign monoclonal gammopathy with increased serum IgG, anemia, and plasma cell presence in the spleen and bone marrow. Finally, glyphosate upregulated AID in the spleen and bone marrow of both wild-type and Vk*MYC mice. CONCLUSIONS: These data support glyphosate as an environmental risk factor for MM and potentially NHL and implicate a mechanism underlying the B cell-specificity of glyphosate-induced carcinogenesis observed epidemiologically.

10.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273345

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a blindness-causing retinal vascular disease characterized by incomplete vascularization of the peripheral retina and by the absence or abnormality of the second/tertiary capillary layers in the deep retina. Variants in known FEVR disease genes can only explain about 50% of FEVR-affected cases. We aim to identify additional disease genes in patients with FEVR. METHODS: We applied exome sequencing analysis in a cohort of 49 FEVR families without pathogenic variants in known FEVR genes. Functions of the affected proteins were evaluated by reporter assay. Knockout mouse models were generated by endothelial-specific Cre line. RESULTS: Three novel rare heterozygous variants in Notch ligand JAG1 were identified in FEVR families-c.413C>T p. (A138V), c.1415G>A p. (R472H), and c.2884A>G p. (T962A)-and verified by Sanger sequencing analysis. Notch reporter assay revealed that mutant JAG1 proteins JAG1-A138V and JAG1-T962A lost almost all of their activities, and JAG1-R472H lost approximately 50% of its activity. Deletion of Jag1 in mouse endothelial cells resulted in reduced tip cells at the angiogenic front and retarded vessel growth, reproducing FEVR-like phenotypes. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that JAG1 is a novel candidate gene for FEVR and pinpoints a potential target for therapeutic intervention.

11.
Org Lett ; 21(14): 5538-5541, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259558

RESUMO

An efficient Ru-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of dibenzo[c,e]azepines is reported. A series of seven-membered cyclic amines were obtained with moderate to excellent enantioselectivity. The catalyst counteranion played an important role in achieving high-level chiral induction. Moreover, a one-pot synthesis of chiral 6,7-dihydro-5H-dibenz[c,e]azepines via two-step reductive amination was also developed.

12.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(4): e416-e419, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339287

RESUMO

Treats of symptomatic infants with congenital cystic lung lesions (CCLLs) need surgical resection. Variable location and size of the air cyst of involved lung mean that different surgical strategies must be selected. The presence of huge CCLLs mimicking tension pneumothorax would hamper accurate judgment and timely treatment in dealing with respiratory emergencies. Rare experience reports are coping with childhood tension cystic lung lesion. We present a case of childhood huge CCLLs which was similar to tension pneumothorax based on clinical manifestations and imaging evaluations. Implementation of instant decompression measure against tension pneumothorax failed to alleviate respiratory distress of child. We should exclude the possibility of huge lung cystic lesion in children when clinical evidence inclines to the diagnosis of tension pneumothorax.

13.
Cancer Med ; 8(11): 5242-5253, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The GATAD1 gene overexpression induced by GATAD1 amplification upregulation is detected in different human tumors. To date, the relationship between GATAD1 amplification and glioma oncogenesis and malignancy is still unknown. METHODS: GATAD1 gene amplification and expression were analyzed in 187 gliomas using qPCR and immunostaining. The relation of GATAD1 to patients' prognoses was assessed via the Kaplan-Meier method. The MTT and orthotopic tumor transplantation assays were used to identify the function of GATAD1 in glioma proliferation. cDNA microarray, ChIP qPCR, EMSA and 3C were used to screen the downstream mechanism of GATAD1 regulating glioma proliferation. RESULTS: Our results indicated that GATAD1 gene amplification and GATAD1 gene expression are novel independent diagnosis biomarkers to indicate poor outcome of glioma patients. GATAD1 knockdown can remarkably suppress GBM cell proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. GATAD1 could promote CCND1 gene transcription by inducing long range chromatin architectural interaction on the CCND1 promoter. Then GATAD1 sequentially accelerates GBM cell cycle transition and proliferation via regulating CCND1. CONCLUSIONS: We identify GATAD1 as a novel potential diagnosis biomarker and promising prognosis predictor in glioma patients. Functionally, we confirm GATAD1 as an epigenetic chromatin topological regulator that promotes glioma proliferation by targeting CCND1.

14.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349561

RESUMO

Bee pollen contains all the essential amino acids needed by humans. China is the largest producer of bee pollen in the world. In the present study, we identified 11 fatty acids in F. esculentum bee pollen oil by GC-MS analysis, and 16 compounds were isolated from F. esculentum bee pollen by column chromatography and identified. A high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was established for the quality control of F. esculentum bee pollen. A validated HPLC-DAD method was successfully applied to the simultaneous characterization and quantification of nine main constituents in seven samples collected from seven different areas in China. The results showed that all standard calibration curves exhibited good linearity (R2 > 0.999) in HPLC-DAD analysis with excellent precision, repeatability and stability. The total amount in the samples from the seven regions ranged from 23.50 to 46.05 mg/g. In addition, seven compounds were studied for their bioactivity using enzymic methods, whereby kaempferol (3) showed high α-glucosidase inhibitory activity (IC50: 80.35 µg/mL), ergosterol peroxide (8) showed high tyrosinase inhibitory activity (IC50: 202.37 µg/mL), and luteolin (1) had strong acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity (IC50: 476.25 µg/mL). All results indicated that F. esculentum bee pollen could be a nutritious health food.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2662-2666, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359674

RESUMO

Bupleuri Radix has both liver protection and hepatotoxicity. Saponins are the main pharmacodynamic and toxic components of Bupleuri Radix. Based on zebrafish physical model and the model of alcoholic fatty liver( AFL) pathology,the liver toxic and protective effect of saikosaponin a( SSa) were assessed. The results indicated that 1. 77 µmol·L-1 SSa showed protective effect to AFL zebrafish. 5. 30 µmol·L-1 SSa was hepatotoxic to healthy zebrafish,but it showed protective effect to AFL zebrafish. 5. 62 µmol·L-1 SSa was hepatotoxic to healthy and AFL zebrafish. This study is benefit for clinical safety of saikosaponin a.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1395480, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341887

RESUMO

In peach orchards, birds severely damage flowers during blossom season, decreasing the fruit yield potential. However, the wild peach species Prunus mira shows intraspecific variations of bird damage, indicating that some of the wild trees have developed strategies to avert bird foraging. Motivated by this observation, we formulated the present study to identify the potential flower metabolites mediating the bird's selective feeding behavior in P. mira flowers. The birds' preferred (FG) and avoided (BFT) flowers were collected from wild P. mira trees at three different locations, and their metabolite contents were detected, quantified, and compared. The widely-targeted metabolomics approach was employed to detect a diverse set of 603 compounds, predominantly, organic acids, amino acid derivatives, nucleotide and its derivatives, and flavones. By quantitatively comparing the metabolite contents between FG and BFT, three candidate metabolites, including Eriodictiol 6-C-hexoside 8-C-hexoside-O-hexoside, Luteolin O-hexosyl-O-hexosyl-O-hexoside, and Salvianolic acid A, were differentially accumulated and showed the same pattern across the three sampling locations. Distinctly, Salvianolic acid A was abundantly accumulated in FG but absent in BFT, implying that it may be the potential metabolite attracting birds in some P. mira flowers. Overall, this study sheds light on the diversity of the floral metabolome in P. mira and suggests that the bird's selective feeding behavior may be mediated by variations in floral metabolite contents.

17.
Exp Hematol ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299288

RESUMO

Whether hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) express lineage markers is controversial. In this study, we highly purified HSCs from the adult bone marrow of C57BL/6 mice and examined their gene expression and reconstitution potential. We first focused on the integrin family. Single-cell reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction revealed that the expression of ItgaM/Itgb2 (Mac-1) and Itga2b/Itgb3 (CD41/CD61) gradually increased along HSC differentiation, whereas Itga4, Itga5, Itga6, and ItgaV (CD51) together with Itgb1 were highly expressed in both HSCs and hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). We next fractionated HSCs based on their expression of Mac-1, CD41, and CD51 by flow cytometry. We detected Mac-negative and Mac-low, but not Mac-high cells, in the HSC population. We also detected CD41-negative, -low, and -high cells in the HSC population. Competitive repopulation revealed that Mac-1-negative and -low HSCs were functionally similar, and CD41-negative and -low HSCs were functionally similar, at the single-cell level, but CD41-high HSCs were not detectable. We then found that the selection of Mac-1-negative HSCs or CD41-negative HSCs had no advantage in HSC purification. We moreover found that HSCs expressed more CD51 than CD41, and HPCs expressed more CD41 than CD51, suggesting that CD51 expression was gradually replaced by CD41 expression during megakaryocyte differentiation. We concluded that low levels of Mac-1 and CD41 expression are irrelevant to the self-renewal and differentiation potentials in HSCs.

19.
Diabetes Ther ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243732

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Most studies on outcomes of transmetatarsal amputation (TMA) have been for patients who underwent revascularization. This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of TMA in diabetic patients without revascularization. METHODS: One hundred two diabetic patients who were not candidates for revascularization underwent TMA and received a multidisciplinary treatment. These patients were followed up for a mean period of 38 months to observe the outcomes, including wound healing, above-the-ankle amputation and death. The associations between variables and the outcomes were analyzed by Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: By the end of the follow-up, 97 patients with full data were analyzed. Sixty-three (64.9%) patients had wounds healed completely after a median interval of 8 months, 16 (16.5%) patients underwent above-the-ankle amputation, and 26 (26.8%) died. Cox regression analysis showed that patients with higher ABI (RR = 3.097, 95% CI: 1.587-6.043) and serum albumin (RR = 2.755, 95% CI: 1.335-5.687) exhibited a higher probability of wound healing. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetic patients who were not candidates for revascularization who underwent TMA could achieve a satisfactory wound healing rate with a multidisciplinary treatment. ABI and serum albumin were significant predictors of wound healing.

20.
Nat Genet ; 51(7): 1131-1136, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209392

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is ubiquitous worldwide and is associated with multiple cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The importance of EBV viral genomic variation in NPC development and its striking epidemic in southern China has been poorly explored. Through large-scale genome sequencing of 270 EBV isolates and two-stage association study of EBV isolates from China, we identify two non-synonymous EBV variants within BALF2 that are strongly associated with the risk of NPC (odds ratio (OR) = 8.69, P = 9.69 × 10-25 for SNP 162476_C; OR = 6.14, P = 2.40 × 10-32 for SNP 163364_T). The cumulative effects of these variants contribute to 83% of the overall risk of NPC in southern China. Phylogenetic analysis of the risk variants reveals a unique origin in Asia, followed by clonal expansion in NPC-endemic regions. Our results provide novel insights into the NPC endemic in southern China and also enable the identification of high-risk individuals for NPC prevention.

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