Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 697
Filtrar
1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1189: 339210, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815051

RESUMO

Circular Ribonucleic Acid (CircRNA) plays regulatory roles in many biological processes, such as tumors and metabolic diseases. Due to the fact that circRNA is more stable and conservative than linear RNA, circRNA has become a potential biomarker in early clinical diagnosis and biomedical research. Therefore, the quantification of circRNA expression level is of importance for understanding their functions and their applications for disease diagnosis and treatment. Nevertheless, due to the low abundance of circRNA, it is still a challenge for the analysis of circRNA in cells. Herein, we proposed a sensitive detection method for circRNA based on the T7 exonuclease-assisted cycling enzymatic amplification. The fluorescent sensor was constructed by a hairpin molecular beacon and T7 exonuclease. With the cycling enzymatic amplification process, this sensor achieved the limit of detection of 1 pM with a good linear correlation in the range of 0-100 pM (R2 = 0.9891) using circBART2.2 as a model. Furthermore, we applied the proposed method in the determination of circBART2.2 in cell lysates. The results demonstrated that this method has promising applications in early diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection-related diseases using circRNA as the biomarker.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , RNA Circular , Contagem de Células , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
2.
Food Chem ; 370: 131069, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536780

RESUMO

Wholegrains have been promoted for human consumption due to their various health benefits. However, different wholegrains vary in nutritional composition and their beneficial impact on health. In this study, we compared the in vitro starch and protein digestibility, as well as dietary fiber content of eight different wholegrains including barley, buckwheat, coix seed, foxtail millet, oat, proso millet, quinoa, and sorghum and their porridges. We found that boiling improved starch digestibility of all grains, and protein digestibility except proso millet and sorghum. Porridges made from oats, quinoa, or buckwheat are considered healthier than others due to their lower glycemic index and glycemic load, higher digestible protein content and amino acid bioaccessibility, and higher dietary fiber content (>12%). This study could provide a comprehensive nutritional composition and digestibility of the eight types of wholegrains and their porridges. Dietary recommendations were also given for different populations based on factor analysis.


Assuntos
Dieta , Digestão , Fibras na Dieta/análise , Grão Comestível/química , Humanos , Amido
3.
Inflammation ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727285

RESUMO

TLR4 signal activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is involved in the pathological process of the central nervous system (CNS) diseases and the suppression of TLR4 signal may become an effective treatment. TLR4-IN-C34, a TLR4 inhibitor, is expected to become a candidate compound with anti-neuroinflammatory response. In the present study, the anti-neuroinflammatory effects and possible mechanism of TLR4-IN-C34 were investigated in BV2 microglia cells stimulated by LPS. The results showed that TLR4-IN-C34 decreased the levels of pro-inflammatory factors and chemokines including NO, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and MCP-1 in the supernatant of LPS-stimulated BV2 cells. Further research indicated that TLR4-IN-C34 suppressed the expression or phosphorylation levels of inflammatory proteins regarding TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. In addition, TLR4-IN-C34 reduced ROS production in BV2 cells after LPS treatment. In conclusion, our findings suggest that anti-neuroinflammatory activity of TLR4-IN-C34 may be interrelated to the inhibition of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway and reduction of ROS generation.

4.
Oncogene ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725462

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) demonstrates significant regional differences and a high incidence in Southeast Asia and Southern China. Bactericidal/permeability-increasing-fold- containing family B member 1 (BPIFB1) is a relatively specific and highly expressed protein in the nasopharyngeal epithelium. BPIFB1 expression is substantially downregulated in NPC and is significantly associated with poor prognosis in patients with NPC. However, the specific molecular mechanism by which BPIFB1 regulates NPC is not well understood. In this study, we found that BPIFB1 inhibits vasculogenic mimicry by regulating the metabolic reprogramming of NPC. BPIFB1 decreases GLUT1 transcription by downregulating the JNK/AP1 signaling pathway. Altered glycolysis reduces the acetylation level of histone and decreases the expression of vasculogenic mimicry-related genes, VEGFA, VE-cadherin, and MMP2, ultimately leading to the inhibition of vasculogenic mimicry. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the role and specific mechanism of BPIFB1 as a tumor suppressor gene involved in regulating glycolysis and vasculogenic mimicry in NPC. Overall, these results provide a new therapeutic target for NPC diagnosis and treatment.

5.
Molecules ; 26(22)2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833921

RESUMO

Panax quinquefolius, a popular medicinal herb, has been cultivated in China for many years. In this work, the region-specific profiles of metabolites in P. quinquefolius from Wendeng was investigated using liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-(LC-Q-TOF)-based metabolomics analysis. The three most abundant biomarkers, identified as ginsenoside Rb3, notoginsenoside R1, and ginsenoside Rc, were the representative chemical components employed in the network pharmacology analysis. In addition, molecular docking and western blotting analyses revealed that the three compounds were effective binding ligands with Hsp90α, resulting in the inactivation of SRC and PI3K kinase, which eventually led to the inactivation of the Akt and ERK pathways and lung cancer suppression. The outcomes obtained herein demonstrated the intriguing chemical characteristics and potential functional activities of P. quinquefolius from Wendeng.

6.
Viruses ; 13(11)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834989

RESUMO

Humanized mouse models are used as comprehensive small-animal models of EBV infection. Previously, infectious doses of EBV used in vivo have been determined mainly on the basis of TD50 (50% transforming dose), which is a time-consuming process. Here, we determined infectious doses of Akata-EBV-GFP using green Raji units (GRUs), and characterized dose-dependent effects in humanized mice. We defined two outcomes in vivo, including an infection model and a lymphoma model, following inoculation with low or high doses of Akata-EBV-GFP, respectively. Inoculation with a low dose induced primary B cells to become lymphoblastoid cell lines in vitro, and caused latent infection in humanized mice. In contrast, a high dose of Akata-EBV-GFP resulted in primary B cells death in vitro, and fatal B cell lymphomas in vivo. Following infection with high doses, the frequency of CD19+ B cells decreased, whereas the percentage of CD8+ T cells increased in peripheral blood and the spleen. At such doses, a small part of activated CD8+ T cells was EBV-specific CD8+ T cells. Thus, GRUs quantitation of Akata-EBV-GFP is an effective way to quantify infectious doses to study pathologies, immune response, and to assess (in vivo) the neutralizing activity of antibodies raised by immunization against EBV.

7.
Food Chem X ; 12: 100158, 2021 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825168

RESUMO

Plantago (Plantaginaceae) is an herbal plant, which is used in folk medicine, functional food, and dietary supplement products. Recent pharmacological and phytochemical studies have shown that polysaccharides isolated from Plantago have multiple medicinal and nutritional benefits, including improve intestinal health, hypoglycemic effect, immunomodulatory effect, etc. These health and pharmacological benefits are of great interest to the public, academia, and biotechnology industries. This paper provides an overview of recent advances in the physicochemical, structural features, and biological effects of Plantago polysaccharides and highlights the similarities and differences of the polysaccharides from different species and in different parts, including leaves, seeds, and husks. The scientific support for its use as a prebiotic is also addressed. The purpose of this review is to provide background as well as useful and up-to-date information for future research and applications of these polysaccharides.

8.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 10414-10424, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, there have been cases of infectious pneumonia of unknown cause in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. On January 12, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) named it COVID-19. There are few studies on the clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19, and results vary widely in sample sizes. METHODS: Chinese and English databases were searched with "Infectious pneumonia", "COVID-19", "CT", "SARS-COV-2", and "Diagnose" as keywords. Rev Man 5.3 software provided by the Cochrane system was used to assess the quality of the included literature. RESULTS: Of the 18 included studies, ground-glass shadow was the most common computed tomography (CT) sign [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.79-0.97], followed by thickening of the blood vessels (95% CI: 0.63-0.78), and pleural thickening (95% CI: 0.02-0.15). Of the 18 studies, 12 reported that the lesions were externally subpleural (95% CI: 0.132-0.173), and 6 reported that the lesions were distributed in a single lobe (95% CI: 0.598-0.841). The heterogeneity test results showed that the morphology of the lesions was cord-like (95% CI: 0.092-0.172), grid-like (95% CI: 0.152-0.193), patchy (95% CI: 0.192-0.313), and nodular (95% CI: 0.591-0.745). DISCUSSION: Ground-glass opacity was a typical CT manifestation for patients with infectious pneumonia, and CT signs were instrumental in diagnosing this disease.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Organização Mundial da Saúde
9.
Am J Cancer Res ; 11(10): 4642-4667, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765285

RESUMO

In eukaryotes, alternative splicing refers to a process via which a single precursor RNA (pre-RNA) is transcribed into different mature RNAs. Thus, alternative splicing enables the translation of a limited number of coding genes into a large number of proteins with different functions. Although, alternative splicing is common in normal cells, it also plays an important role in cancer development. Alteration in splicing mechanisms and even the participation of non-coding RNAs may cause changes in the splicing patterns of cancer-related genes. This article reviews the latest research on alternative splicing in cancer, with a view to presenting new strategies and guiding future studies related to pathological mechanisms associated with cancer.

10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747105

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is the repair process of abnormal connective tissue hyperplasia after liver damage caused by different causes. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt signalling pathway can reduce the deposition of extracellular matrix, inhibit the proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), and promote its apoptosis to achieve the purpose of therapy. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Idelalisib (PI3K inhibitor) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced liver fibrosis in mice. We used CCl4 -induced liver fibrosis mouse model in vivo and TGF-ß1-stimulated HSCs to evaluate the antifibrosis activity of Idelalisib. In vivo, Idelalisib significantly alleviated CCl4 -induced liver damage, collagen deposition, and hydroxyproline accumulation in mice. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot results showed that Idelalisib could significantly inhibit the expressions of COL1 and α-SMA in a concentration-dependent manner. In cell experiments, Idelalisib significantly inhibited the expressions of COL1, SMA, and p-Smad3 in TGF-ß-induced HSCs, thereby inhibiting HSC activation. Flow cytometry and Western blot results showed that Idelalisib significantly promoted TGFß-induced apoptosis of HSCs after 48 h of administration, but had no significant effect after 24 h. Idelalisib promoted the apoptosis of activated HSCs by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/FOXO3 signalling pathway. To further explore the mechanism by which Idelalisib inhibited PI3K, we predicted the miRNA targeting PI3K through the database and crossed it with the down-regulated miRNA reported in liver fibrosis mice in the past five years. Finally, we identified miR-124-3p and miR-143-3p. We then demonstrated that Idelalisib significantly promoted miR-124-3p and miR-142-3p in vitro and in vivo. Dual-luciferase report analysis showed that Idelalisib significantly inhibited luciferase activity but had no significant effect on the luc-MUT transfection assay. Finally, we demonstrated that Idelalisib reversed the effects of miR-124-3p inhibitor on the PI3K/Akt/FOXO3 asterisk pathway and caspase-3. Idelalisib has potential as a candidate drug for alleviating liver fibrosis.

11.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the performance of sonoelastography (SE) in diagnosis and clinical evaluation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: SE examination of major salivary glands was conducted for 79 pSS patients, 39 disease controls and 15 healthy subjects. Elastographic images were determined with a qualitative 4-point scoring method. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was employed to evaluate the performance of the elasticity scoring method and the best cut-off value was determined. The associations between elasticity scores and disease characteristics were analysed to evaluate the clinical value of SE for pSS. RESULTS: Elasticity scores of parotid and submandibular glands in pSS group were significantly higher than those in the non-pSS group (p<0.001). The sum of the scores of all four glands provided the largest AUC-ROC (0.916, 95% CI 0.87-0.962), compared with that of bilateral parotid glands (0.857, 95% CI 0.794-0.919) and that of bilateral submandibular glands (0.783, 95% CI 0.704-0.863). The optimal cut-off value was 9 for combined evaluation of all four glands (81% sensitivity and 87% specificity, respectively). The elasticity scores of parotid glands in patients with disease duration >10 years experienced significant difference as compared to patients with disease duration ≤5 years and 5-10 years respectively (p=0.007, 0.009, respectively), whereas it presented no variations between the disease duration ≤5 years and 5-10 years (p=0.952). CONCLUSIONS: Sonoelastography, performed simultaneously with ultrasonography, is an additional tool for the assessment of the salivary glands in patients with pSS. The elasticity is closely associated with disease duration.

12.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720010

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Idelalisib, Apelisib and Copanlisib on 8-day-old cataract SD rat pups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model induced by sodium selenate (Na2SeO3) was used in this study. Experimental animals were randomly divided into five groups with eight animals in each group. They were control group, Na2SeO3 group, Idelalisib group, Apelisib group and Copanlisib group. On days 3, 5 and 7, all rats in Na2SeO3, Idelalisib, Apelisib and Copanlisib groups were given subcutaneous injection into the nape with Na2SeO3 and control group was given the same amount of saline. For days 1-14, Idelalisib, Apelisib and Copanlisib were given by intragastric administration, respectively, and the same amount of saline was given to the control group and Na2SeO3 group. On the 15th day of the experiment, we selected the Idelalisib group with the best effect from all groups, separated their lenses, and further analyzed the crystal proteins, oxidative damage and apoptosis indexes. RESULTS: The survival rate of rats in control and Idelalisib groups was 100%, the Na2SeO3 group was 37.5%, the Apelisib group was 25%, and the Copanlisib group was 0. According to the rat survival rate and lens score, we selected Idelalisib for further analysis of the crystallin, oxidative damage and apoptosis indexes. The results suggested that Na2SeO3 leads to cataract formation and crystallin precipitation. The levels of antioxidant enzymes GSH and SOD were decreased in the Na2SeO3 group, Nrf-2 and HO-1 were downregulated, Keap1 upregulated, and cleaved caspase-3 and Bax/Bcl-2 upregulated. Idelalisib significantly improved crystallin insolubility, reduced oxidative damage, and inhibited lens apoptosis. CONCLUSION: In summary, Idelalisib can significantly improve the progression of Na2SeO3-induced cataract in rats. In the future, it may be a potential effective drug candidate for the clinical treatment of cataract.

13.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750493

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) is a key process in which precursor RNAs produce different mature RNAs, and the disorder of AS is a key factor in promoting cancer development. Compared with coding RNA, studies on the functions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are far from enough. In fact, lncRNA is an important participant and regulator in the process of AS. On the one hand, lncRNAs regulate cancer progression as AS products of precursor messenger RNA (mRNA), but on the other hand, precursor lncRNA generates cancer-related abnormal splicing variants through AS. In addition, lncRNAs directly or indirectly regulate the AS events of downstream target genes, thus affecting the occurrence and development of cancer. Here, we reviewed how lncRNAs regulate AS and influence oncogenesis in different ways.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127320, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597929

RESUMO

Quantification of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) is a requirement of the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and essential to evaluate and understand their environmental fate and associated health risks. Unfortunately, works estimating the emission of PCDD/Fs in China are limited, especially in terms of historical trends and information on spatial distribution. In this study, provincial emissions of 17 toxic PCDD/Fs congeners from 79 sources were quantified from 1960 to 2014, and 0.1º × 0.1º gridded emissions for 2014 were obtained by applying a source-specific, annually varying emission factor (EF) dataset with similar time trends as measurements for China. Historical national PCDD/F emissions showed an increasing trend until around 1980, and then plateaued due to decreased emissions from cement production and waste burning. Decreased emissions from cement production and waste burning in northeast, east, and south China, and Taiwan province were the main causes for the stabilized national emissions after 1980. Spatially, highly positive correlations of emission densities with population and GDP densities were identified, but no clear temporal patterns were observed. Emission densities showed a decreasing trend in the order of cities, towns and rural areas, while the opposite was seen for per capita emissions.

15.
J Parasitol ; 107(5): 790-793, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614510

RESUMO

This study is the first description of Blastocystis infection in peafowls in China. In total, 143 fecal specimens collected from a peafowl breeding farm in Henan Province were tested for Blastocystis infection by PCR assay targeting the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene, and a total of 50 specimens (35.0%) were positive. Based on sequences and phylogenetic analysis, 2 genetically distinct subtypes (STs) were determined: ST9 and ST7. ST9 was the predominant subtype, accounting for 82% (41/50). The rare zoonotic subtype ST7 was also identified in peafowls, with the infection rate of 18% (9/50). Altogether, the present study is the first report of the prevalence and molecular characteristics of Blastocystis in peafowls in central China. The presence of zoonotic subtypes in peafowls suggests the potential risk of zoonotic transmission of Blastocystis to workers at peafowl farms.

16.
Front Oncol ; 11: 743370, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631580

RESUMO

Objectives: Complex lateral skull base defects resulting from advanced or recurrent oral cancer resection are continuously challenging reconstructive surgeons. This study aimed to use reconstructive methods for lateral skull base defects, explore their feasibility, and evaluate the efficacy of defect reconstruction using anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps. Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective case series of 37 patients who underwent lateral skull base defect reconstruction using the ALT/anteromedial thigh (AMT) flap between March 2016 and May 2021 at the Second Xiangya Hospital. The design and harvest of the flaps, methods for defect reconstruction, and reconstructive efficacy are described. Results: Of the 37 patients, 3 were women and 34 were men, with a mean age of 51.7 years. Among the defects, 26 were through-and-through defects and were reconstructed using ALT chimeric flaps, double ALT flaps, folded ALT flap, combined ALT chimeric flaps and AMT flaps, or combined ALT chimeric flaps and pectoralis major flaps; the large lateral skull base dead spaces were filled with muscle tissues or fatty tissues. Postoperatively, 38 of the 39 ALT/AMT flaps survived completely, and the remaining flap experienced partial necrosis. Venous compromise occurred in one patient who was salvaged after operative exploration. Oral and maxillofacial wound infections occurred in two patients, salivary fistula in three patients, and thigh wound effusion in three patients. The wounds healed gradually in all patients after repeated dressing changes. Thirty-three patients were followed up for approximately 3-60 months; their oral functions and appearance were acceptable, and thigh motor dysfunction was not observed. Conclusions: With the convenient flap design and muscle flap harvest, large and individualized tissue supply, feasible combination with other flaps, effective reduction or avoidance of wound complications, and acceptable donor site morbidity, the ALT flap is an appropriate choice for complex lateral skull base defect reconstruction.

17.
ACS Omega ; 6(39): 25506-25517, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632208

RESUMO

Phenol is a nocuous water pollutant that threatens human health and the ecological environment. CoOx-doped micron-sized hollow MgO rods were prepared for the treatment of phenol wastewater by catalytic ozonation. Magnesium sources, precipitants, initial precursor concentration, Co/Mg molar ratio, and catalyst calcination temperature were optimized to obtain the best catalysts. Prepared catalysts were also well characterized by various methods to analyze their structure and physical and chemical properties. In this process, CoOx/MgO with the largest large surface area (151.3 m3/g) showed the best catalytic performance (100 and 79.8% of phenol and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal ratio, respectively). The hydrolysis of CoOx/MgO plays a positive role in the degradation of phenol. The catalytic mechanism of the degradation of O3 to free radicals over catalysts has been investigated by in situ electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The catalyst can be reused at least five times without any activity decline. The prepared CoOx/MgO catalyst also showed excellent catalytic performance for removal and degradation of ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and salicylic acid.

18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1533-1539, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between JAK2 gene mutation and clinical indicators in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). METHODS: 122 MPN patients in the Department of Hematology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from September 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between JAK2 gene mutation and sex, age, peripheral blood cell count, splenomegaly, and thrombosis and bleeding events were analyzed. RESULTS: In 122 patients with MPN, the patients with polycythemia vera (PV) accounted for 36 (29.5%), the patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) accounted for 56 (45.9%), the patients with myelofibrosis (MF) accounted for 30 (24.6%). The JAK2 gene mutation rate in MPN patients was 64.6% (79/122), and the JAK2 gene mutation rate in PV, ET and MF groups were 77.7% (28/36), 60.7% (34/56) and 56.7% (17/30), the JAK2 gene mutation rate of the patients in PV group was statistically significant as compared with those in the ET group (P<0.05). The hemoglobin (Hb) count of the patients in JAK2 gene mutation group was higher than those in wild-type group ï¼»(150.0±39.6)g/L vs (129.4±38.9)g/L, P<0.05ï¼½; the white blood cell (WBC) count of the patients in JAK2 gene mutation group was higher than those in the wild type group ï¼»(9.5±4.7)×109/L vs (8.4±46.9)×109/L, P<0.05ï¼½. As for the patients in PV group, the platelet count of the patients in JAK2 gene mutation group was higher than those in the wild type group ï¼»(370.2±113.1)×109/L vs (264.8±63.9)×109/L, P<0.05ï¼½. The incidence of splenomegaly in MPN patients was 35.2% (43/122), and the incidence of splenomegaly in MF patients was 63.3% (19/30), and the incidence of splenomegaly in the patients in JAK2 gene mutation group in MF group (82.4%, 12/17) was significantly higher than those in the wild-type group (38.5%, 5/13) (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The mutation rate of JAK2 gene in MPN patients is higher, and the mutation rate of JAK2 gene in PV patients is higher than that in ET and MF patients; JAK2 gene mutations in MPN patients are related to hemogram index; the incidence of splenomegaly is the highest in MF patients, and splenomegaly is related to the occurrence of JAK2 gene mutations in MF patients.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mieloproliferativos , Policitemia Vera , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Taxa de Mutação , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707678

RESUMO

Objectives: To study the effect of self-management intervention programs based on the health belief model and planned behavior theory on self-management behavior and quality of life in middle-aged stroke patients. Most of the intervention studies on the self-management of middle-aged stroke patients focus on traditional Chinese medicine nursing and continuous nursing, lacking theoretical support. In particular, there is a lack of interventions based on the integration of two or more theories. Method: The middle-aged stroke patients were divided into the control group and the intervention group according to the disease area. A total of 70 patients were included, and 35 patients were included in the control group and the intervention group, respectively. The control group received routine neurological treatment and health education during hospitalization and continued to receive routine health education for 3 months after discharge. On this basis, the intervention group received an intervention program based on an integrated model of health beliefs and planned behavior theory, including 3 health education sessions during hospitalization and 3 months of postdischarge health education. A self-administered stroke general information questionnaire was used to collect basic information on patients' age, gender, and comorbidities. The Stroke Self-Management Behavior Rating Scale and Stroke-Specific Quality-of-Life Scale (SS-QOL) were used to evaluate the management behavior and quality of life of the patients in both groups before and after the intervention. Results: Before the intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of self-management score, quality of life total score, and scores of each dimension (P > 0.05). At different periods after the intervention, the total score of self-management, total score of quality of life, and scores of each dimension were significantly higher in both groups than before the intervention (P < 0.05). In particular, the self-management and quality of life scores of the intervention group were higher than those of the control group at 1 and 3 months after the intervention (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The self-management intervention scheme based on the integrated model of health belief and planned behavior theory is beneficial to improve the self-management ability and quality of life of stroke patients. It provides basis for clinical nurses to further improve the self-management ability and quality of life of stroke patients. Our findings may also serve as a reference for caregivers in other countries to improve the self-management and quality of life of stroke patients.

20.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 912: 174589, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699755

RESUMO

Epilepsy is one of common neurological disorders, greatly distresses the well-being of the sufferers. Melatonin has been used in clinical anti-epileptic studies, but its effect on epileptic comorbidities is unknown, and the underlying mechanism needs further investigation. Herein, by generating PTZ-induced zebrafish seizure model, we carried out interdisciplinary research using neurobehavioral assays, bioelectrical detection, molecular biology, and network pharmacology to investigate the activity of melatonin as well as its pharmacological mechanisms. We found melatonin suppressed seizure-like behavior by using zebrafish regular locomotor assays. Zebrafish freezing and bursting activity assays revealed the ameliorative effect of melatonin on comorbidity-like symptoms. The preliminary screening results of neurobehavioral assays were further verified by the expression of key genes involved in neuronal activity, neurodevelopment, depression and anxiety, as well as electrical signal recording from the midbrain of zebrafish. Subsequently, network pharmacology was introduced to identify potential targets of melatonin and its pathways. Real-time qPCR and protein-protein interaction (PPI) were conducted to confirm the underlying mechanisms associated with glutathione metabolism. We also found that melatonin receptors were involved in this process, which were regulated in response to melatonin exposure before PTZ treatment. The antagonists of melatonin receptors affected anticonvulsant activity of melatonin. Overall, current study revealed the considerable ameliorative effects of melatonin on seizure and epileptic comorbidity-like symptoms and unveiled the underlying mechanism. This study provides an animal model for the clinical application of melatonin in the treatment of epilepsy and its comorbidities.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...