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1.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 16(1)2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678585

RESUMO

The Stephania tetrandra-Astragalus membranaceus herbal pair (FH) is a classic herbal pair widely used in the treatment of nephrotic syndrome (NS). The effects of Stephania tetrandra (FJ) and Astragalus membranaceus (HQ) on NS have been reported, but the mechanism of their combination on the improvement of NS are still unclear. The NS model was established by injecting adriamycin into the tail vein. FH intervention reduced the levels of serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, interleukin-6 (IL-6), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urinary protein, and the gene expression levels of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) in NS rats. In addition, FH improved kidney injury in NS rats by inhibiting the expression of interleukin 13 (IL-13), phospho-signal transducers, and activators of transcription 6 (p-STAT6), Bax, cleaved-caspase3, while promoting the expression of Bcl-2. By comprehensive comparison of multiple indexes, the effects of FH on lipid metabolism, glomerular filtration rate, and inflammation were superior to that of FJ and HQ. Metabonomic studies showed that, compared with FJ and HQ, FH intervention significantly regulated tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, cysteine and methionine metabolism, and alanine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid metabolism. Pearson correlation analysis showed that succinic acid and L-aspartic acid were negatively correlated with urinary protein, cystatin C (Cys C) and BUN (p < 0.05). In summary, FH could reduce renal injury and improve NS through inhibiting the IL-13/STAT6 signal pathway, regulating endogenous metabolic pathways, such as TCA cycle, and inhibiting the expression of AQP2 and AVP genes. This study provides a comprehensive strategy to reveal the mechanism of FH on the treatment of NS, and also provides a reasonable way to clarify the compatibility of traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
J Fish Dis ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656658

RESUMO

Vibrios belonging to the Harveyi clade (including closely related species such as Vibrio campbellii, Vibrio harveyi and Vibrio parahaemolyticus) are important pathogens of aquatic organisms. In this study, we investigated the use of indole-3-acetic acid to control disease caused by Harveyi clade vibrios. Indole-3-acetic acid, which can be produced by various seaweeds and microalgae, was added to the rearing water of brine shrimp larvae challenged with 12 different Harveyi clade Vibrio strains. Indole-3-acetic acid significantly decreased the virulence of 10 of the strains without any effect on their growth. The latter is important as it will minimize the selective pressure for resistance development. The survival rate of brine shrimp larvae increased from 1.2-fold to 4.8-fold upon treatment with 400 µM indole-3-acetic acid. Additionally, indole-3-acetic acid significantly decreased the swimming motility in 10 of the strains and biofilm formation in eight of the strains. The mRNA levels of the pirA and pirB toxin genes were decreased to 46% and 42% by indole-3-acetic acid in the AHPND-causing strain V. parahaemolyticus M0904. Hence, our data demonstrate that indole-3-acetic acid has the potential to be an effective virulence inhibitor to control infections in aquaculture.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2206009, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594611

RESUMO

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have attracted increasing attention for biomedical applications. COFs-based nanosensitizers with uniform nanoscale morphology and tumor-specific curative effects are in high demand; however, their synthesis is yet challenging. In this study, distinct COF nanobowls are synthesized in a controlled manner and engineered as activatable nanosensitizers with tumor-specific sonodynamic activity. High crystallinity ensures an ordered porous structure of COF nanobowls for the efficient loading of the small-molecule sonosensitizer rose bengal (RB). To circumvent non-specific damage to normal tissues, the sonosensitization effect is specifically inhibited by the in situ growth of manganese oxide (MnOx ) on RB-loaded COFs. Upon reaction with tumor-overexpressed glutathione (GSH), the "gatekeeper" MnOx is rapidly decomposed to recover the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation capability of the COF nanosensitizers under ultrasound irradiation. Increased intracellular ROS stress and GSH consumption concomitantly induce ferroptosis to improve sonodynamic efficacy. Additionally, the unconventional bowl-shaped morphology renders the nanosensitizers with enhanced tumor accumulation and retention. The combination of tumor-specific sonodynamic therapy and ferroptosis achieves high efficacy in killing cancer cells and inhibiting tumor growth. This study paves the way for the development of COF nanosensitizers with unconventional morphologies for biomedicine, offering a paradigm to realize activatable and ferroptosis-augmented sonodynamic tumor therapy.

4.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112228, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596158

RESUMO

Actinidia arguta, an edible berry plant with high nutritional values, has been widely used in Asian countries as a food and traditional medicinal herb. The well-recognized health-promoting properties of A. arguta were associated with its bioactive components in its different botanical parts. To rapidly screen and identify chemical components and simultaneously determine the potential metabolites from different parts of A. arguta, UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE coupled with UNIFI platform and multivariate statistical analysis approach was established in this study. As a result, a total of 107 components were identified from the four different parts of A. arguta, in which 31 characteristic chemical markers were discovered among them, including 12, 8, 6, and 5 compounds from the fruits, leaves, roots, and stems, respectively. These results suggested that the combination of UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE and metabolomic analysis is a powerful method to rapidly screen characteristic markers for the quality control of A. arguta.


Assuntos
Actinidia , Plantas Medicinais , Actinidia/química , Metabolômica , Raízes de Plantas/química , Frutas/química
5.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112313, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596208

RESUMO

Blackberry is an economically important shrub species of Rubus in the Rosaceae family. It is rich in phenolic compounds, which have many health effects and pharmaceutical value. The utilization of metabolites from various blackberry tissues is still in the primary stage of development, so investigating the metabolites in various tissues is of practical significance. In this study, nontargeted LC - MS metabolomics was used to identify and measure metabolites in the roots, stems, leaves and fruits (green, red, and black fruits) of blackberry "Chester". We found that 1,427 and 874 metabolites were annotated in the positive and negative ion modes (POS; NEG), respectively. Differentially abundant metabolites (DAMs) between the leaf and root groups were the most abundant (POS: 249; NEG: 141), and the DAMs between the green and red fruit groups were the least abundant (POS: 21; NEG: 14). Moreover, the DAMs in different fruit development stages were far less than those in different tissues. There were significant differences in flavonoid biosynthesis-related pathways among the comparison groups. Trend analysis showed that the profile 10 had the largest number of metabolites. This study provides a scientific basis for the classification and efficient utilization of resources in various tissues of blackberry plants and the directional development of blackberry products.


Assuntos
Flavonoides , Rubus , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Rubus/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Metaboloma
6.
Arch Anim Nutr ; : 1-16, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645054

RESUMO

Corn peptide (CP) is a small, natural, biologically active peptide obtained by protease-catalysed hydrolysis of corn. CP exerts antihypertensive, hypoglycaemic, antihyperlipidemic, antioxidant, and antitumor effects, as well as prevents cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Although CP plays a role in preventing obesity-related diseases, its role in reducing obesity has not yet been determined. In this study, we analysed the inhibitory effects of CP on lipid droplet accumulation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and high-fat diet (HFD)-induced C57BL/6J Obese Mice. The results show that CP could inhibit preadipocyte differentiation and oil accumulation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Oral CP administration reduced serum triglyceride (TG) content, epididymal fat weight, abnormal liver fat droplet accumulation, and C/EBPα expression. Furthermore, combination of CP administration and exercise reduced body, liver, and adipose tissue weights; decreased serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels; and inhibited hepatic lipid droplet accumulations and epididymal fat cell hypertrophy. Additionally, this combination inhibited the expression of transcription factors, C/EBPα, C/EBPß, and PPARγ, and adipogenic factors, FABP4 in mice. In conclusion, oral administration of CP inhibited lipid droplet accumulation and counteracted HFD-induced obesity in mice.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We previously reported that rheumatoid factor (RF) recognized the IgG heavy chain (IgGH)/RA-susceptible HLA class II molecule complex. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying HLA binding to and the RF recognition of IgGH. METHODS: We synthesized various types of IgGH segments, including VH, CH1, CH2, and CH3, and transfected them with or without HLA class II molecules into the HEK 293 T cell line. IgGH single domains linked with the HLA-Cw3 peptide, which binds to the binding groove of the HLA class II molecule, were also synthesized. The expression of IgGH domains on the cell surface and their recognition by RF were examined using flow cytometry. RESULTS: Flag-tagged IgGH segments containing CH1 (CH1, VH-CH1, CH1-CH2, VH-CH1-CH2, CH1-CH2-CH3, and VH-CH1-CH2-CH3) were clearly presented on the cell surface by HLA-DR4, while segments without the CH1 domain were expressed at a low level, and the CH3 single domain was only weakly detected on the cell surface, even with HLA-DR4. We then transfected IgGH single domains linked to the Cw3 peptide together with HLA-DR4 and showed that RF-containing sera from RA patients only recognized the CH3 domain and none of the other single domains. When various segments without the Cw3 peptide were transfected with HLA-DR4, only the CH1-CH2-CH3 segment and full-length IgGH were detected by the sera of RA patients. CONCLUSION: The CH1 domain of IgGH binds to the RA-susceptible HLA-DR molecule and is expressed on the cell surface. RF specifically recognizes the CH3 domain of the IgGH/HLA-DR4 complex.

8.
JID Innov ; 3(2): 100174, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36699196

RESUMO

CARD14-associated papulosquamous eruption is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis characterized by early-onset, generalized erythematous patches and plaques with prominent scales, mostly with facial involvement. Heterozygous gain-of-function variants in the CARD14 gene have been reported to be causative for this entity. The pathogenesis mainly involves the IL-23‒IL-17 inflammatory circuit, yet the efficacy of anti‒IL-17 treatment remained less examined. In this study, we report one previously unidentified variant underlying the CARD14-associated papulosquamous eruption and showed its gain-of-function property. Furthermore, we present the beneficial effect of anti‒IL-17A treatment in our patient.

9.
J Tradit Complement Med ; 13(1): 30-38, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685079

RESUMO

Background and aim: Cannabis sativa L. is a medicinal plant with a long history. Phyto-cannabinoids are a class of compounds from C. sativa L. with varieties of structures. Endocannabinoids exist in the human body. This article provides an overview of natural cannabinoids (phyto-cannabinoids and endocannabinoids) with an emphasis on their pharmacology activities. Experimental procedure: The keywords "Cannabis sativa L″, "cannabinoids", and "central nervous system (CNS) diseases" were used for searching and collecting pieces of literature from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. The data were extracted and analyzed to explore the effects of cannabinoids on CNS diseases. Result and conclusion: In this paper, schematic diagrams are used to intuitively show the phyto-cannabinoids skeletons' mutual conversion and pharmacological activities, with special emphasis on their relevant pharmacological activities on central nervous system (CNS) diseases. It was found that the endocannabinoid system and microglia play a crucial role in the treatment of CNS diseases. In the past few years, pharmacological studies focused on Δ9-THC, CBD, and the endocannabinoids system. It is expected to encourage new studies on a more deep exploration of other types of cannabinoids and the mechanism of their pharmacological activities in the future.

10.
Pak J Med Sci ; 39(1): 198-202, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694763

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of TSH receptors (TSHR) in various subtypes of Papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) by immunohistochemistry. Methods: Retrospective analyses were carried out to the clinical data of 108 PTC patients randomly admitted into the Department of Thyroidthyroid surgery thyroid surgery and Breast Surgery, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from March 2020 to December 2020. The archived paraffin blocks of the 108 cases as well as 18 contiguous normal thyroid tissues (control group) were taken from the Department of Pathology of The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University. The pathological types of all PTC tissues were detected and the expression of TSHR was determined. Results: TSHR expression was 86.11% positive in PTC tissues; with 85.00% positive in classical group; with 75.86% positive in micro group; with 84.61% positive in follicular group; with 83.33% positive in oncocytic group; with 50.00% positive in invasive group. TSHR expression was 100% in normal thyroid tissues. So TSHR expression in normal thyroid tissues is significantly higher than that in PTC; TSHR expression in microcarcinoma is stronger than in the other subtypes; there is no significant difference among the other subtypes. Conclusions: TSH suppression works better on microcarcinoma than on the other subtypes. And the effects on non-invasive subtypes are better than on invasive subtypes.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675031

RESUMO

The diverse application potential of metal-organic framework (MOF) materials are currently limited by their challenging and complicated preparation processes. In this study, we successfully developed a novel strategy for the rapid synthesis of a sustainable MOF composite membrane under neutral conditions with improved physicochemical and antibacterial properties. Our reaction pipeline comprised visible light that induced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from ZIF-8 particles, which facilitated the rapid oxidative polymerization of dopamine to polydopamine. The physicochemical properties of the composite membrane were assessed using imaging methods, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption; its antibacterial effects against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were measured using optical densitometry. The bactericidal potency of the synthesized membrane was >99% against all tested strains under the conditions of simulated sunlight. Moreover, the composite membrane retained its structural integrity and antibacterial effect after multiple cycles of use and recovery, showcasing remarkable stability. Overall, this study displays a ROS-mediated method for the rapid preparation of sustainable MOF composite membranes under neutral conditions with optimal physicochemical characteristics, antibacterial properties, and performance. Our study provides insights into the use of membrane materials as design platforms for a range of diverse practical applications.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Luz , Luz Solar , Antibacterianos/química
12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 224: 115063, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610190

RESUMO

Fluorescent lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) is one of the most common analytical platforms for point-of-care testing (POCT), which is capable of facile and early screening of biomarkers. Notably, fluorescent probes play a decisive role in analytical performances of LFA. Herein, we report a novel LFA based on the rare earth doped nanoparticles (RENPs) emitting in the second near-infrared (NIR-II) window for the detection of biomarkers, such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Benefiting from the dual fluorescent emission at NIR-II window, strong fluorescent penetration, low autofluorescence and excellent photostability of RENPs, this proposed NIR-II LFA displays a good linear relationship ranging from 1 to 320 ng mL-1. The detection limit is as low as 0.37 ng mL-1, which is of 13.5 times lower than the clinical cutoff value. Overall, NIR-II LFA biosensing platform based RENPs not only exhibits high sensitivity, accuracy and specificity, but also have characteristics of rapidity, simplicity and low cost. It holds high potential for early diagnosis of tumor biomarkers in POCT.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Testes Imediatos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Corantes Fluorescentes
13.
Ann Med ; 55(1): 62-71, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic studies investigating the association of birthweight and genetic factors with gastrointestinal cancer remain scarce. The study aimed to prospectively assess the interactions and joint effects of birthweight and genetic risk levels on gastrointestinal cancer incidence in adulthood. METHODS: A total of 254,997 participants were included in the UK Biobank study. We used multivariate restricted cubic splines and Cox regression models to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidential intervals (CI) for the association between birthweight and gastrointestinal cancer risk, then constructed a polygenic risk score (PRS) to assess its interaction and joint effect with birthweight on the development of gastrointestinal cancer. RESULTS: We documented 2512 incident cases during a median follow-up of 8.88 years. Compare with participants reporting a normal birthweight (2.5-4.5 kg), multivariable-adjusted HR of gastrointestinal cancer incidence for participants with high birthweight (≥4.5 kg) was 1.17 (95%CI: 1.01-1.36). Such association was remarkably observed in pancreatic cancer, with an HR of 1.82 (95%CI: 1.26-2.64). No statistically significant association was observed between low birth weight and gastrointestinal cancers. Participants with high birthweight and high PRS had the highest risk of gastrointestinal cancer (HR: 2.95, 95%CI: 2.19-3.96). CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight that high birthweight is associated with a higher incidence of gastrointestinal cancer, especially for pancreatic cancer. Benefits would be obtained from birthweight control, particularly for individuals with a high genetic risk.KEY MESSAGESThe epidemiologic studies investigating the association of birthweight and genetic factors with gastrointestinal cancer remain scarce.This cohort study of 254,997 adults in the United Kingdom found an association of high birthweight with the incidence of gastrointestinal cancer, especially for pancreatic cancer, and also found that participants with high birthweight and high polygenic risk score had the highest risk of gastrointestinal cancer.Our data suggests a possible effect of in utero or early life exposures on adulthood gastrointestinal cancer, especially for those with a high genetic risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Peso ao Nascer , Incidência , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética
14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 989349, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457500

RESUMO

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LA) with a micropapillary component (LAMPC) is a histological subtype of lung cancer that has received increasing attention due to its correlation with poor prognosis, and its tendency to recur and metastasize. At present, comprehensive genomic profiles and clinicopathological features for LAMPC remain unclear and require further investigation. Methods: From September 2009 to October 2020, a total of 465 LAMPC patients were recruited and divided into four groups according to MPC proportions, and the correlations between varying proportions of MPCs and clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed. Twenty-nine (29) LAMPC patients and 89 LA patients without MPC (non-MPC) that had undergone NGS testing were selected for further study The comprehensively analyze genomic variations and the difference between LAMPC and MPC were determined. In addition, Gene alterations of LAMPC between Chinese and Western populations were also compared using cBioPortal data. Results: A higher proportion of MPCs, associated with higher tumor stage, pleural invasion, and vascular tumor thrombus formation, was determined in LA patients. Compared to non-MPC patients, LAMPC patients were determined to have a lower frequency of single nucleotide variants and a higher frequency of insertion-deletion mutations. Mutations in TP53, CTNNB1, and SMAD4, and ALK rearrangements/fusions were significantly more frequent in LAMPC patients. ERBB2 mutations were only detected in non-MPC patients. Gene mutations in the Wnt pathway were significantly more common in LAMPC patients as compared to non-MPC patients. ALK fusions were more prevalent in younger patients. Patients with KRAS or LBP1B mutations had significantly larger tumor diameters than patients with wild-type KRAS or LBP1B. Patients with KRAS mutations were more likely to develop vascular tumor thrombus. Using the cBioPortal public database, we determined that mutations in EGFR were significantly higher in Chinese patients than in a Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) Western cohort. ALK fusions were exclusively detected in the Chinese cohort, while mutations in KEAP1 and NOTCH4 were only detected in the MSKCC cohort. Our analysis of signaling pathways revealed that Wnt pathway gene mutations were significantly higher in the Chinese cohort. Conclusion: LA patients with higher proportions of MPCs were determined to have a higher tumor stage, pleural invasion, and vascular tumor thrombosis formation. We comprehensively analyzed the genomic mutation characteristics of LAMPC patients and identified multiple, novel MPC-related gene alterations and pathway changes. Our data provide further understanding of the nature of the LAMPC and potential drug-targeted gene alterations, which may lead to new therapeutic strategies.

15.
J Affect Disord ; 323: 176-184, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on the gender-specific effect of PrA on children's emotional and behavioral development are limited. Lack of PrA data on the entire pregnancy had caused difficulties in identifying the key time window and cumulative effects. METHODS: Based on Ma'anshan Birth Cohort in China, mothers at pregnancy and children followed up to 4 years of age were tested using the PrA questionnaire and the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 1.5-5. Finally, 1699 mother-child pairs were included in the study and regression models were developed for analysis. RESULTS: Children of mothers with PrA are at significantly elevated risk for abnormal mood/behavior at preschool age. Girls seemed to be more sensitive to maternal PrA than boys, mainly manifested in internalizing problems; The third trimester of pregnancy might be a critical time window when maternal PrA affected children's internalizing problems; Longer the duration women had PrA during pregnancy, more possibilities their children would have to develop internalizing and externalizing problems. LIMITATIONS: The PrA questionnaire may be different from PrA questionnaires in other countries such as due to different cultural contexts. Findings need to be interpreted with more caution. Factors such as maternal postpartum depression and care practices of nursing staff were not considered. No data were collected on disease as well as caregiver emotional status, which also impacts the reporting and identification of emotional/behavioral problems in children. CONCLUSIONS: Gender-specific and cumulative effect of PrA on preschoolers' emotional/behavioral development is observed. The third trimester of pregnancy might be the critical time window.

16.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111987, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461228

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of thermal treatment conditions (100-120 °C, 0-5 h) and active substance stability on the isomerization and degradation of lycopene in the "Sanhong" pummelo (C. grandis cv. Sanhongmiyou) matrix. The results revealed that the degradation of (all-E)-lycopene and total lycopene in pummelo could be well fit by the first-order kinetic model under thermal treatment. The total Z-lycopene ratio was maintained at nearly 40 % (120 °C, 4 h). The behavior of lycopene was related to the degradation of active substances, such as the degradation of ascorbic acid and polysaccharides. The stability of polysaccharides was temperature-dependent, and with the increasing temperature (100-120 °C), a significant negative correlation was observed between the content of Z-isomers and polysaccharides. The enhancement of lycopene isomerization was attributed to the degradation of polysaccharides under thermal treatment. These findings facilitate the functional development and efficient utilization of lycopene in fruit processing.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Citrus , Licopeno , Isomerismo , Frutas
17.
Pain Ther ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454387

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effects of progressive postural control exercise (PPCE) vs core stability exercise (CSE) in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: A total of 34 young-adult participants with CLBP were randomly assigned to two groups (the PPCE group and the CSE group). They received instructions for two different exercise training regimens persisting over 8 weeks. Before, after, and at 6 months after the intervention, the participants were evaluated on the basis of pain intensity (VAS), degree of dysfunction (ODI and RMDQ), contractility of transversus abdominis (TrA) and lumbar multifidus (MF), as well as the ability to control static posture. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the results of the PPCE group and the CSE group. At the 6-month follow-up after the 8-week treatment, the scores of VAS, ODI, and RMDQ in the two groups decreased significantly compared to before (p < 0.05). The percentage change in thickness of bilateral TrA and left MF (p < 0.05) was elevated and the sway area of center of pressure during static stance tasks with eyes opened (p < 0.05) was decreased in both groups. CONCLUSION: In the short term, PPCE provides positive effects similar to those of core stability exercise in patients with CLBP. The effective mechanism of PPCE might be the consequence of neuromuscular plasticity and adaptation adjustments. PPCE enriches the choices of treatment for CLBP. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered at www.chictr.org.cn , identifier ChiCTR2100043113.


Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a widespread disorder with highly recurrent prevalence. As of now, the treatment effects are not satisfactory, leading to a search for novel therapies that might work better in patients with CLBP. This study comprehensively explored the effects of progressive postural control exercise, as compared to core stability exercise, on patients with CLBP. The outcomes included pain intensity, disability of daily life, contractility of trunk muscles, and postural control. The results of the study showed that the efficacy of exercises in patients in the experimental group was similar to that of the control group and both exercise treatments improved the pain intensity, the disability, the contractile function of trunk muscle, as well as postural control in patients with CLBP in the short term. The mechanism of the effects of progressive postural control exercise might be the consequence of "neuromuscular plasticity" and adaptation adjustments.

18.
Protein Pept Lett ; 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytoskeletal elements play key roles in cell morphology, cell division, cell mobility, and DNA partitioning in all domains of life. The IF-like protein FilP was discovered in Streptomyces coelicolor, and it was found to perform a structurally important cytoskeletal role by providing direct mechanical support for the cells. OBJECTIVE: This work investigated the factors influencing FilP polymerization under a variety of conditions. METHODS: DLS technique was applied to real-time monitor the in vitro assembly process of Streptomyces coelicolor FilP. RESULTS: The presence of small amounts of divalent cations, such as CaCl2 or MgCl2, enhanced the polymerization of FilP, while higher amounts suppressed its polymerization. Moreover, high concentrations of NaCl, KCl, NH4Cl, and KNO3 both suppressed the polymerization of FilP. EDTA was found to have a very prohibitive effect on FilP polymerization, and even the following addition of Ca2+ could not initiate the assembly of FilP. FilP polymerized under a range of pHs ranging from pH 6 to pH 8, while the polymerization degree was sensitive to pH. FilP formed network-like, striated filaments at neutral pH, while the filaments became more disordered or loosely packed at pH 8 and pH 6, respectively. CONCLUSION: FilP assembly is calcium-mediated. Ca2+ is not only required for FilP polymerization, but also required for FilP to maintain the higher-order polymer structure. The accelerative effect of Ca2+ and the suppressive effect of Na+ persisted under a wide range of conditions, suggesting that FilP might use calcium and sodium ions as a general mechanism to mediate its polymerization process.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigate the pain relief and safety of microwave ablation (MWA) combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of metastatic vertebral tumors. METHODS: This prospective pilot study enrolled patients with metastatic vertebral tumors treated between January 2018 and October 2019. The participants were randomized to the PVP and MWA + PVP groups. Clinical parameters, pain visual analog scale (VAS), analgesic use scores (AUS), and quality-of-life score (QLS) were compared between groups. RESULTS: Sixty-seven participants were enrolled (PVP: n = 35; MWA + PVP: n = 32). There were no differences in bone cement injection volume, extravasation, and X-ray exposure time between the two groups (p > 0.05), but treatment costs were higher for the MWA + PVP group (26,418 ± 194 vs. 15,606 ± 148 yuan; p < 0.05). There were no significant improvements in VAS from baseline to 24 hours, 72 hours, 7 days, 1 month, and 3 months in the two groups (p > 0.05); at 6 and 12 months after the operation, the improvement from baseline was significant in the two groups (p < 0.05). The VAS was lower at 6 months (2.7 ± 0.7 vs. 3.2 ± 0.7) and 12 months (3.5 ± 0.8 vs. 4.0 ± 0.7) in the MWA + PVP group (both p < 0.01 vs. PVP). The AUS and QLS were improved with PVP at 6 and 12 months (p < 0.05) and with MWA + PVP at 12 months (p < 0.05). The AUS was lower at 6 and 12 months in the MWA + PVP group (p < 0.05 vs. PVP). CONCLUSION: MWA combined with PVP might be a safe and effective palliative treatment for pain from metastatic vertebral tumors.

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