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1.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143262, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218811

RESUMO

Consumption of rice (Oryza sativa) grain is a major pathway by which humans are exposed to Cd, especially in non-smoking Asian populations. Although the stable isotope signatures of Cd offer a potential tool for tracing its sources, little is known about the isotopic fractionation of Cd across the entire soil-rice-human continuum. Cadmium isotope ratios were determined in field soils, rice grain, and human urine collected from two Cd-contaminated regions in southern China. Additionally, Cd isotopic fractionation in rice plants was investigated using two transgenic plants differing in Cd uptake and accumulation. Analysis of isotope ratios revealed a preferential enrichment of the heavy Cd isotopes from soil to rice grain (δ114/110Cdgrain-soil = +0.40‰) and from grain to urine (δ114/110Cdurine-grain = +0.40‰) in both regions. The first increase was mainly caused by partitioning between the soil solid phase and the soil solution, with heavier Cd preferentially enriching in the soil solution. Within the rice plant, we identified multiple processes that alter the isotope ratio, but the net effect throughout the plant was comparatively small. Cd fractionation in humans is presumably due to the preferential enrichment of heavier Cd isotopes by metal transporters DMT1 and ZIP8 (responsible for the absorption of Cd into body from the foods). These findings provide important insights into the Cd isotopic fractionation through the soil-rice-human continuum and are helpful for tracing the sources of Cd.

2.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 47: 102629, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) may be similar to each other in clinical features. The differential diagnosis between them remains challenging in clinical practice. This retrospective study is aimed to describe the difference of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lactate level between aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab) positive NMOSD and MS, to discuss the possible explanation upon immunopathogenesis and the significance in differential diagnosis. METHOD: We retrospectively analysed cerebral biochemical results from 60 AQP4-Ab positive NMOSD and 55 MS Asian patients. To assess the diagnostic ability of cerebrospinal fluid lactate for distinguishing AQP4-Ab positive NMOSD from MS using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: The cerebrospinal fluid lactate level is significantly higher in AQP4-Ab positive NMOSD than in MS based on multiple linear regression (P<0.0001). The differential diagnostic efficacy of cerebrospinal fluid lactate distinguishing AQP4-Ab positive NMOSD from MS reached an area under ROC curve (AUC) of 0.8842 (95% CI 0.82-0.95, P<0.0001), using 1.50 as the diagnostic critical point of the cerebrospinal fluid lactate level, the sensitivity was 88.3%, the specificity was 78.2%. CONCLUSION: The cerebrospinal fluid lactate level differs between AQP4-Ab positive NMOSD and MS, which also contributes in differential diagnosis. The distinct patterns of cerebral biochemical results may cast a light on the immunopathogenesis of AQP4-Ab positive NMOSD.

3.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 47: 102633, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), and whether herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is associated with the development of MS remains controversial. We aimed to investigate potential associations between MS or clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and the prevalence of IgG and DNA for HSV in the clinical samples. METHODS: A systematic search of English databases (PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library) was performed. The prevalence of IgG against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and DNA for HSV-1 or HSV-2 in clinical samples were pooled and compared between patients with MS/CIS and controls using Stata 12.0. RESULTS: A total of 1756 patients with MS/CIS and 6429 controls from eight studies were included. The pooled results showed a significantly statistical difference in the seroprevalence of IgG against HSV-2 (OR 1.764, 95% CI [1.410 to 2.206], P = 0.000) between patients with MS/CIS and controls. However, no significantly statistical difference was shown in the seroprevalence of IgG against HSV-1 (OR 1.166, 95% CI [0.737 to 1.845], P = 0.512) between patients with MS/CIS and controls. Similarly, there was no significantly statistical difference in the prevalence of HSV-1 DNA (OR 0.957, 95% CI [0.310 to 2.949], P = 0.938) and HSV-2 DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) (OR 0.506, 95% CI [0.022 to 11.416], P = 0.668) between patients with MS/CIS and controls. Subgroup analysis suggested that mean age at sampling might be a source of heterogeneity, and the seroprevalence of IgG against HSV-1 was significantly increased in the pediatric patients with MS/CIS (OR 1.488, 95% CI [1.130 to 1.959], P = 0.005), compared with the controls. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that prior HSV-1 infection might relate to the onset of pediatric MS/CIS and might not play a role in the development of adult MS. Furthermore, prior HSV-2 infection might have a correlation with MS/CIS. The mechanism remains to be further studied.

4.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(8): e0008660, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866199

RESUMO

Aedes mosquitoes can transmit dengue and several other severe vector-borne viral diseases, thereby influencing millions of people worldwide. Insects primarily control and clear the viral infections via their innate immune systems. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases (MAPKs) and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are both evolutionarily conserved components of the innate immune systems. In this study, we investigated the role of MAPKs in Aedes mosquitoes following DENV infection by using genetic and pharmacological approaches. We demonstrated that knockdown of ERK, but not of JNK or p38, significantly enhances the viral replication in Aedes mosquito cells. The Ras/ERK signaling is activated in both the cells and midguts of Aedes mosquitoes following DENV infection, and thus plays a role in restricting the viral infection, as both genetic and pharmacological activation of the Ras/ERK pathway significantly decreases the viral titers. In contrast, inhibition of the Ras/ERK pathway enhances DENV infection. In addition, we identified a signaling crosstalk between the Ras/ERK pathway and DENV-induced AMPs in which defensin C participates in restricting DENV infection in Aedes mosquitoes. Our results reveal that the Ras/ERK signaling pathway couples AMPs to mediate the resistance of Aedes mosquitoes to DENV infection, which provides a new insight into understanding the crosstalk between MAPKs and AMPs in the innate immunity of mosquito vectors during the viral infection.


Assuntos
Aedes/virologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Vírus da Dengue/imunologia , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/farmacologia , Mosquitos Vetores/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Sistema Digestório/virologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Imunidade Inata , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Mosquitos Vetores/virologia , Carga Viral , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 740, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Precision oncology pharmacotherapy relies on precise patient-specific alterations that impact drug responses. Due to rapid advances in clinical tumor sequencing, an urgent need exists for a clinical support tool that automatically interprets sequencing results based on a structured knowledge base of alteration events associated with clinical implications. RESULTS: Here, we introduced the Oncology Pharmacotherapy Decision Support System (OncoPDSS), a web server that systematically annotates the effects of alterations on drug responses. The platform integrates actionable evidence from several well-known resources, distills drug indications from anti-cancer drug labels, and extracts cancer clinical trial data from the ClinicalTrials.gov database. A therapy-centric classification strategy was used to identify potentially effective and non-effective pharmacotherapies from user-uploaded alterations of multi-omics based on integrative evidence. For each potentially effective therapy, clinical trials with faculty information were listed to help patients and their health care providers find the most suitable one. CONCLUSIONS: OncoPDSS can serve as both an integrative knowledge base on cancer precision medicine, as well as a clinical decision support system for cancer researchers and clinical oncologists. It receives multi-omics alterations as input and interprets them into pharmacotherapy-centered information, thus helping clinicians to make clinical pharmacotherapy decisions. The OncoPDSS web server is freely accessible at https://oncopdss.capitalbiobigdata.com .

6.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(3): 1505-1512, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608655

RESUMO

As pollution in farmland has a toxic effect on the growth of crops, which reduces their yield and quality. The effects of exogenous spermidine (Spd) on rice seed germination and seedling growth under As5+ stress were studied. The results showed that exogenous Spd could promote the germination of rice seeds under As5+ stress, improve the germination potential and germination rate of seeds, and promote the growth of seedling roots. The addition of Spd could increase the activity of catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) of rice seedlings and roots under As5+ stress, and reduce the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in rice buds and roots. When As5+ concentration was 25 µmol·L-1, adding 500 µmol·L-1 and 1000 µmol·L-1 Spd, MDA content in rice roots was decreased by 12.3% and 31.3% and CAT activity of rice shoots was increased by 105.1% and 101.4%, and CAT activity of rice roots was increased by 29.9% and 57.1%, respectively. The addition of Spd also affected the uptake and accumulation of As in rice. When the concentration of As5+ was 25 µmol·L-1, adding 500 µmol·L-1 and 1000 µmol·L-1 Spd, the concentration of As in rice shoots decreased by 69.4% and 75.1%, and As concentration in rice roots decreased by 7.6% and 24.4%, respectively. Spd could therefore effectively alleviate the toxic effect of As5+ on rice.


Assuntos
Germinação , Oryza , Plântula , Sementes , Espermidina , Superóxido Dismutase
7.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104684, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634455

RESUMO

A decoction of Plumeria rubra flowers has been used traditionally for the treatment of diabetes in China and Mexico. Chemical investigations on the bioactive constituents of these flowers led to the isolation of 30 compounds, including the four new compounds, one iridoiod (1), two triterpenoids (4, 5), and a long-chain δ-lactone (16). In addition, 26 known compounds (2, 3, 6-15, 17-30) are also reported. All of these compounds were identified on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation and the absolute configurations of compound 4, 5, 16 were determined by Mosher's method. Compounds 1-4, 7, 8 and 16 showed moderate to significant inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B, with 4 having IC50 values of 19.45 µM and 0.21 µM, respectively.

8.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081038

RESUMO

One new long-chain ester derivative of trans-ferulic acid 1 and one natural tirucallane-type triterpenoid 2, together with forty known compounds (3-42), were isolated from the barks of Melia azedarach. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation. Compounds 7, 9, 10, 12, 13 showed significant inhibitory activities against PTP1B with IC50 values of 13.82 ± 1.29 µM, 13.29 ± 2.26 µM, 20.27 ± 0.52 µM, 24.36 ± 1.25 µM, 15.23 ± 0.6 µM, respectively.

9.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 3189-3195, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632104

RESUMO

Background: Patients with high-titer anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies present disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) and other opportunistic infections. Due to its rare occurrence and non-specific symptoms, this syndrome is difficult to diagnose during early disease stages. Here, we report a case with high-concentrations of serum anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies who presented with disseminated Talaromyces marneffei and NTM disease accompanied Sweet's syndrome. Case presentation: A 62-year-old Chinese woman with no previous history was admitted to our hospital in August 2016 due to intermittent fever for 2 years, left chest wall redness, and swelling for 3 months. During hospitalization, the patient was confirmed with disseminated T. marneffei and successfully treated with antifungal therapy. In July 2017, upon second admission, Mycobacterium avium intracellular (MAC) pulmonary infection was established after positive cultures from the right lung tissue. The patient failed treatment after 1 month of anti-NTM therapy due to side effects. In May 2018, she was confirmed as having disseminated MAC disease accompanied by hand rashes, which was considered as Sweet's syndrome. High-level anti-IFN-γ antibodies in the patient serum were detected upon comparison with normal controls (2.85-fold increase). Following anti-NTM therapy, both symptoms and pulmonary infiltration gradually improved, and joint destruction and lymphadenitis remained. Conclusions: Patients with anti-interferon-γ autoantibodies should be considered for severe, recurrent infections in adults in the absence of other known risk factors. Sweet's syndrome is a common skin manifestation of the syndrome.

10.
MycoKeys ; 49: 99-129, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043854

RESUMO

Palms represent the most morphological diverse monocotyledonous plants and support a vast array of fungi. Recent examinations of palmicolous fungi in Thailand led to the discovery of a group of morphologically similar and interesting taxa. A polyphasic approach based on morphology, multi-gene phylogenetic analyses and divergence time estimates supports the establishment of a novel pleosporalean family Striatiguttulaceae, which diversified approximately 39 (20-63) MYA (crown age) and 60 (35-91) MYA (stem age). Striatiguttulaceae is characterized by stromata or ascomata with a short to long neck, trabeculate pseudoparaphyses and fusiform to ellipsoidal, 1-3-septate ascospores, with longitudinal striations and paler end cells, surrounded by a mucilaginous sheath. Multi-gene phylogenetic analysis showed that taxa of Striatiguttulaceae form a well-supported and distinct monophyletic clade in Pleosporales, and related to Ligninsphaeriaceae and Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae. However, these families can be morphologically demarcated by the slit-like ascomata and extremely large ascospores in Ligninsphaeriaceae and the rather narrow fusiform ascospores in Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae. Eight strains of Striatiguttulaceae formed two monophyletic sub-clades, which can be recognized as Longicorpus gen. nov. and Striatiguttula gen. nov. Morphologically, the genus Longicorpus can be differentiated from Striatiguttula by its elongated immersed ascomata and fusiform ascospores with relatively larger middle cells and paler end cells. Two new species Striatiguttulanypae and S.phoenicis, and one new combination, Longicorpusstriataspora are introduced with morphological details, and phylogenetic relationships are discussed based on DNA sequence data.

11.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 21(6): 522-527, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29665732

RESUMO

A new natural product, 3α,19-dihydroxyl-ent-pimara-8(14),15-diene (1), which possesses an α-orientation hydroxymethyl at C-4 and ∆8,14 groups, as well as eight known compounds, was isolated from the rhizomes of Ricinus communis. The structure of 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and its absolute configurations were confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The inhibitory rate of 1 against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) was 49.49% at the concentration of 6.58 × 10-5 mol/L.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Ricinus/química , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Rizoma/química
12.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(19): 2860-2863, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445850

RESUMO

Six compounds, benzyl 3-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-7-hydroxybenzoate (1), spathulenol (2), 1,7,8-trihydroxy-2-naphtaldehyde (3), quercetin (4), astragalin (5) and 2-methoxy-4-(2-propenyl)phenyl ß-D-glucoside (6), were isolated from the leaves of Melia azedarach L. The structure elucidation of compound 1 was discussed in detail based on its 2D-NMR data. Compound 1 showed weak cytotoxicity against the cell lines of T-24, NCI-H460, HepG2, SMMC-7721, CNE, MDA-MB-231 and B16F10 with the inhibition rates from 10.01% to 34.05% at the concentration of 80 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Melia azedarach/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Quempferóis/química , Quempferóis/isolamento & purificação , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Quercetina/química , Quercetina/isolamento & purificação , Quercetina/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(15): 2956-9, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25423840

RESUMO

This study is to evaluate the effects of Shenmai injection on the temporal alterations of action potential (AP), early afterdepolarization (EAD) and delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) in papillary muscles. The action potentials were recorded by a glass electrode. APD at 90% repolarization (APD9 ) was measured, and spontaneous EAD and DAD were observed. The results show APD90 was significantly prolonged in model group compared with sham-operated group, whereas it was remained unchanged in Shenmai injec- tion treatment group and amiodarone group. The spontaneous EADs and DADs were frequently visible in model group. In conclusion, EAD, DAD and trigger activities increase gradually during pathological progression of rat cardiac hypertrophy, and Shenmai injection could improve the action potential change in rat cardiac hypertrophy.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação/efeitos dos fármacos , Cardiomegalia/fisiopatologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Músculos Papilares/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Injeções , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 23(2): 237-42, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24935852

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the restorative effectiveness of fiber post versus metal screw post through systematical review. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) data from the establishment of the database up to June 2013 were searched from MEDLINE (Ovid), PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Wanfang Data, VIP, CNKI and CBM using the designed strategy. After data extraction and quality review of the retrieved articles by two independent investigators, the softwares of RevMan 5.1.0 and GRAED profiler 3.2.2 were employed to process data analysis. RESULTS: Ten RCTs were finally included, of which 1 was English literature and 9 were Chinese literatures. Meta analysis suggested that the survival rate of repair of adult and young permanent teeth was significantly higher using fiber post than metal screw post [RR=1.21,95%CI(1.13,1.30), P<0.01,RR=1.21,95%CI(1.10,1.34), P<0.01], and the results root fracture rate was significantly lower [RR=0.16,95%CI(0.05,0.48),P=0.001]. No significant difference was found in the rate of post-core fall off [RR=0.76,95%CI(0.33,1.73), P>0.05] and gingivitis [RR=0.71, 95%CI(0.27,1.88), P>0.05]. All outcomes were of low quality in the GRADE system. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with metal screw post, the survival rate is significantly higher and the root fracture rate is significantly lower by using fiber post. However, the conclusion is limited by lack of relevant studies, small sample sizes, inadequate quality and diversified methodology. Further study is needed by employing more well-designed, large-sample and multi-center RCTs to verify the conclusion.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Coroas , Adulto , Humanos , Metais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 31(9): 2508-11, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22097859

RESUMO

In the present paper, the natural pyrite was the sample. With the UV-visible near-infrared spectrophotometer Cary 500, we measured the absorption and reflection spectra of the sample within 200-2 000 nm range, calculated the absorption coefficient and figured out the forbidden band of the sample according to the Tauc regulation. The authors discovered that the light absorption coefficient of natural pyrite measured is 10(5) order of magnitude; in the absorption pattern we found obvious shoulder line structure and we can judge that the sample belongs to indirect forbidden band semiconductor, its forbidden band was 0.64 eV in width and the "limit conversion efficiency" corresponding to 0.64 eV could reach 14% or so. With the comparison of the results of this paper and the forbidden band of the solar battery materials at present in common, this paper mainly analyzed the effect of the light absorption coefficient and forbidden band on the photoelectric conversion efficiency of pyrite. The authors found that its high absorption coefficient provided the possibility that pyrite will be used as solar battery with the film form, but its forbidden band was narrower than the theoretical number. The authors could broaden its forbidden band or make composite films to use.

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