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1.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048725

RESUMO

In the initial step of sugar metabolism, sugar-specific transporters play a decisive role in the passage of sugars through plasma membranes into cytoplasm. The SecY complex (SecYEG) in bacteria forms a membrane channel responsible for protein translocation. The present work shows that permeabilized SecY channels can be used as nonspecific sugar transporters in Escherichia coli. SecY with the plug domain deleted allowed the passage of glucose, fructose, mannose, xylose, and arabinose, and, with additional pore-ring mutations, facilitated lactose transport, indicating that sugar passage via permeabilized SecY was independent of sugar stereospecificity. The engineered E. coli showed rapid growth on a wide spectrum of monosaccharides and benefited from the elimination of transport saturation, improvement in sugar tolerance, reduction in competitive inhibition, and prevention of carbon catabolite repression, which are usually encountered with native sugar uptake systems. The SecY channel is widespread in prokaryotes, so other bacteria may also be engineered to utilize this system for sugar uptake. The SecY channel thus provides a unique sugar passageway for future development of robust cell factories for biotechnological applications.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(50): 15947-56, 2015 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26619351

RESUMO

Molecular packing in organic single crystals greatly influences their charge transport properties but can hardly be predicted and designed because of the complex intermolecular interactions. In this work, we have realized systematic fine-tuning of the single-crystal molecular packing of five benzodifurandione-based oligo(p-phenylenevinylene) (BDOPV)-based small molecules through incorporation of electronegative fluorine atoms on the BDOPV backbone. While these molecules all exhibit similar column stacking configurations in their single crystals, the intermolecular displacements and distances can be substantially modified by tuning of the amounts and/or the positions of the substituent fluorine atoms. Density functional theory calculations showed that the subtle differences in charge distribution or electrostatic potential induced by different fluorine substitutions play an important role in regulating the molecular packing of the BDOPV compounds. Consequently, the electronic couplings for electron transfer can vary from 71 meV in a slipped stack to 201 meV in a nearly cofacial antiparallel stack, leading to an increase in the electron mobility of the BDOPV derivatives from 2.6 to 12.6 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1). The electron mobility of the five molecules did not show a good correlation with the LUMO levels, indicating that the distinct difference in charge transport properties is a result of the molecular packing. Our work not only provides a series of high-electron-mobility organic semiconductors but also demonstrates that fluorination is an effective approach for fine-tuning of single-crystal packing modes beyond simply lowering the molecular energy levels.

3.
Adv Mater ; 27(48): 8051-5, 2015 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26501491

RESUMO

A strong, electron-deficient small molecule, F4 -BDOPV, has a lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level down to -4.44 eV and exhibits cofacial packing in single crystals. These features provide F4 -BDOPV with good ambient stability and large charge-transfer integrals for electrons, leading to a high electron mobility of up to 12.6 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) in air.


Assuntos
Ar , Elétrons , Polivinil/química , Transistores Eletrônicos , Transporte de Elétrons , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular
4.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 28(4): 930-3, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18619332

RESUMO

Laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS) is characterized by its non-contact and real-time analysis. Its application to the determination of steel composition can meet the need of high-speed, continuous and automatic production in large steel companies. In the present article the minor elements concentrations of aluminum, manganese, cobalt, molybdenum, and titanium in a series of stainless steel 1Cr18Ni9Ti samples were determinate by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy, based on a Nd : YAG Q-switched solid laser with wavelength 1 064 nm as an exciting source and ICCD as detector. In the experiment the working delay time and gate time of ICCD were set suitably to get high signal-to-noise ratio emission spectral lines, and the internal standardization method related to matrix effect was used to deal with spectral data. Experiment results show that the concentration ratios of all the measured elements versus the reference element ferrum have a good linear relationship with the intensity ratios of them, the detection limits of the five tested elements are within 150 microg x g(-1).

5.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 26(12): 2341-5, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17361746

RESUMO

This article describes the applications of X-ray fluorescence in archaeology research, including the appraisal, dating, provenance and mine material origin analysis of cultural relic, the study of manufacturing technics and production of cultural relic, etc. It also suggests some expectation and problems, in order to draw attention of X-ray fluorescence analysts and archaeologists, promote the in-depth development of X-ray fluorescence analysis application in archaeology research, and further make more contributions to Chinese archaeology research.

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