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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6599, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782622

RESUMO

Traffic noise pollution has posed a huge burden to the global economy, ecological environment and human health. However, most present traffic noise reduction materials suffer from a narrow absorbing band, large weight and poor temperature resistance. Here, we demonstrate a facile strategy to create flexible ceramic nanofibrous sponges (FCNSs) with hierarchically entangled graphene networks, which integrate unique hierarchical structures of opened cells, closed-cell walls and entangled networks. Under the precondition of independent of chemical crosslinking, high enhancement in buckling and compression performances of FCNSs is achieved by forming hierarchically entangled structures in all three-dimensional space. Moreover, the FCNSs show enhanced broadband noise absorption performance (noise reduction coefficient of 0.56 in 63-6300 Hz) and lightweight feature (9.3 mg cm-3), together with robust temperature-invariant stability from -100 to 500 °C. This strategy paves the way for the design of advanced fibrous materials for highly efficient noise absorption.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818634

RESUMO

The monolayer MoS2 based photodetectors have been widely investigated, which show limited photoelectric performances due to its low light absorption and uncontrollable adsorbates. In this paper, we present a MoS2-based hybrid nanoscrolls device, in which one-dimensional nanoscrollsof MoS2 is hybridized with carbon quantum dots (CQDs). This device architecture effectively enhanced the photodetection performance. The photoresponsivity and detectivity values of MoS2/CQDs-NS photodetectors are respectively 1793 A W-1 and 5.97×1012 Jones, which are 830-fold and 268-fold higher than those of pristine MoS2 under 300 nm illumination at Vds = 5 V. This research indicates a significant progress in fabricating high-performance MoS2 photodetectors.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821147

RESUMO

Warmth retention equipment for personal cold protection is highly demanded in freezing weather; however, most present warmth retention materials suffer from high thermal conductivity, weak mechanical properties, and strong flammability, resulting in serious security risks. Herein, we report a facile strategy to fabricate nano-/microfibrous sponges with superelasticity, robust flame retardation, and effective warmth retention performance via direct electrospinning. The three-dimensional fluffy sponges with low volume density and high porosity are constructed by accurately regulating the relative humidity; meanwhile, the mechanically robust polyamide-imide nanofibers with high limit oxygen index (LOI) are innovatively introduced to improve the structural stability and flammability of the nano-/microfibrous sponges. Strikingly, the developed nano-/microfibrous sponges exhibit ultralight characteristics (6.9 mg cm-3), superelasticity (∼0% plastic deformation after 100 compression tests), effective flame retardant with LOI of 26.2%, and good heat preservation ability (thermal conductivity of 24.6 mW m-1 K-1). This work may shed light on designing superelastic and flame-retardant warmth retention materials for various applications.

4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 469, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decrease in anthocyanin content results in the loss of red color in leaves, petals and receptacles during development. The content of anthocyanin was affected by the biosynthesis and degradation of anthocyanin. Compared with the known detailed mechanism of anthocyanin biosynthesis, the degradation mechanism is not fully investigated. It is vital to study the degradation mechanism of anthocyanin in pear for promoting the accumulation of anthocyanin and inhibiting the red fading in pear. RESULTS: Here, we reported that laccase encoded by PbLAC4-like was associated with anthocyanin degradation in pear. The expression pattern of PbLAC4-like was negatively correlated with the content of anthocyanin during the color fading process of pear leaves, petals and receptacles. Phylogenetic analysis and sequence alignment revealed that PbLAC4-like played a vital role in anthocyanin degradation. Thus, the degradation of anthocyanin induced by PbLAC4-like was further verified by transient assays and prokaryotic expression. More than 80% of anthocyanin compounds were degraded by transiently over-expressed PbLAC4-like in pear fruitlet peel. The activity of crude enzyme to degrade anthocyanin in leaves at different stages was basically consistent with the expression of PbLAC4-like. The anthocyanin degradation ability of prokaryotic induced PbLAC4-like protein was also verified by enzyme activity assay. Besides, we also identified PbMYB26 as a positive regulator of PbLAC4-like. Yeast one-hybrid and dual luciferase assay results showed that PbMYB26 activated PbLAC4-like expression by directly binding to the PbLAC4-like promoter. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the PbLAC4-like activated by PbMYB26, was involved in the degradation of anthocyanin, resulting in the redness fading in different pear tissues.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2104960, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655120

RESUMO

Biomimetic eyes, with their excellent imaging functions such as large fields of view and low aberrations, have shown great potentials in the fields of visual prostheses and robotics. However, high power consumption and difficulties in device integration severely restrict their rapid development. In this study, an artificial synaptic device consisting of a molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ) film coated with an electron injection enhanced indium (In) layer is proposed to increase the channel conductivity and reduce the power consumption. This artificial synaptic device achieves an ultralow power consumption of 68.9 aJ per spike, which is several hundred times lower than those of the optical artificial synapses reported in literature. Furthermore, the multilayer and polycrystalline MoS2 film shows persistent photoconductivity performance, effectively resulting in short-term plasticity, long-term plasticity, and their transitions between each other. A 5 × 5 In/MoS2 synaptic device array is constructed into a hemispherical electronic retina, demonstrating its impressive image sensing and learning functions. This research provides a new methodology for effective control of artificial synaptic devices, which have great opportunities used in bionic retinas, robots, and visual prostheses.

6.
Small ; 17(45): e2104459, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622561

RESUMO

With the rapid development of artificial intelligence and neural network computing, the requirement for information storage in computing is gradually increasing. Floating gate memories based on 2D materials has outstanding characteristics such as non-volatility, optical writing, and optical storage, suitable for application in photonic in-memory computing chips. Notably, the optoelectronic memory requires less optical writing energy, which means lower power consumption and greater storage levels. Here, the authors report an optoelectronic memory based on SnS2 /h-BN/graphene heterostructure with an extremely low photo-generated hole tunneling barrier of 0.23 eV. This non-volatile multibit floating gate memory shows a high switching ratio of 106 and a large memory window range of 64.8 V in the gate range ±40 V. And the memory device can achieve multilevel storage states of 50 under a low power light pulses of 0.32 nW and small light pulse width of 50 ms. Thanks to the Fowler-Nordheim tunneling of the photo-generated holes, the optical writing energy of the optoelectronic memory has been successfully reduced by one to three orders of magnitude compared to existing 2D materials-based systems.

7.
Biometals ; 34(6): 1365-1379, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599706

RESUMO

Selenium is an essential trace element that can regulate the function of immnue cells via selenoproteins. However, the effects of selenium on human dendritic cell (DCs) remain unclear. Thus, selenoprotein levels in monocytes, immature DCs (imDCs) and mature DCs (mDCs) treated with or without Na2SeO3 were evaluated using RT-PCR, and then the immune function of imDCs and mDCs was detected by flow cytometry, cell counting and the CCK8 assay. In addition, the effects of Se on cytokine and surface marker expression were investigated by RT-PCR. The results revealed different expression levels of selenoprotein in monocytes, imDCs and mDCs, and selenoproeins could be regulated by Se. Moreover, it was indicated that anti-phagocytic activity was improved by 0.1 µM Se, whereas it was suppressed by 0.2 µM Se in imDCs; The migration of imDCs and mDCs was improved by 0.1 µM Se, whereas their migration was inhibited by treatment with 0.05 or 0.2 µM Se; The mixed lymphocyte reaction of mDCs was improved by 0.1 µM Se, and it was inhibited by 0.05 and 0.2 µM Se. In addition, 0.1 µM Se improved the immune function of DCs through the regulation of CD80, CD86, IL12-p35 and IL12-p40. Wheres 0.05 and 0.2 µM Se impaired immune function of DCs by up-regulation of interleukin (IL-10) in imDCs and down-regulation of CD80, CD86, IL12-p35 and IL12-p40 in mDCs. In conclusion, 0.1 µM Se might improve the immune function of human DCs through selenoproteins.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(43): 50682-50694, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668695

RESUMO

Drug resistance and the serious side effects caused by classical chemotherapy drugs necessitate the development of novel targeted drug delivery systems. The high lipophilicity and short half-life of nitric oxide (NO), a gas with strong antitumor activity, make it difficult to reach the tumor site and result in a poor therapeutic effect in vivo. In order to overcome the deficiencies of the existing NO donors and NO delivery vehicles, a novel strategy was proposed to deliver NO for cancer chemotherapy by the prodrug dimer self-assembly nanoparticles of NO donors. Specifically, phenylsulfonylfuroxan (FZ) was chosen as the NO donor to synthesize the prodrug dimer precursor (FZ-SS-FZ) by disulfide linkages and ester bonds. The insertion of disulfide linkages promotes the self-assembly of FZ-SS-FZ in water. After this, the dual-responsive and tumor-targeting NO delivery system (FZ-SS-FZ@FA NPs) will finally be fabricated by further introducing folic acid on the surface of nanoparticles. FZ-SS-FZ can self-assemble to form uniform nanoparticles in water, which can effectively deliver NO to the tumor site and be uptaken by tumor cells, thus resulting in specific NO release in tumor cells and inducing tumor cell apoptosis. FZ-SS-FZ@FA NPs significantly improve the drug loading and delivery efficiencies of NO for chemotherapy, while enhancing its efficacy, providing a novel strategy for the tumor-targeted delivery of NO and at the same time laying a theoretical basis for the clinical translation of NO-based gas chemotherapy, opening up a new approach for cancer chemotherapy.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520369

RESUMO

Identifying anomalies from data has attracted increasing attention in recent years due to its broad range of potential applications. Although many efforts have been made for anomaly detection, how to effectively handle high-dimensional data and how to exactly explore neighborhood information, a fundamental issue in anomaly detection, have not yet received sufficient concerns. To circumvent these challenges, in this article, we propose an effective anomaly detection method with representative neighbors for high-dimensional data. Specifically, it projects the high-dimensional data into a low-dimensional space via a sparse operation and explores representative neighbors with a self-representation learning technique. The neighborhood information is then transformed into similarity relations, making the data converge or disperse. Eventually, anomalies are discriminated by a tailored graph clustering technique, which can effectively reveal structural information of the data. Extensive experiments were conducted on ten public real-world datasets with 11 popular anomaly detection algorithms. The results show that the proposed method has encouraging and promising performance compared to the state-of-the-art anomaly detection algorithms.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576007

RESUMO

Seedless fruit is a feature appreciated by consumers. The ovule abortion process is highly orchestrated and controlled by numerous environmental and endogenous signals. However, the mechanisms underlying ovule abortion in pear remain obscure. Here, we found that gibberellins (GAs) have diverse functions during ovules development between seedless pear '1913' and seeded pear, and that GA4+7 activates a potential programmed cell death process in '1913' ovules. After hormone analyses, strong correlations were determined among jasmonic acid (JA), ethylene and salicylic acid (SA) in seedless and seeded cultivars, and GA4+7 treatments altered the hormone accumulation levels in ovules, resulting in significant correlations between GA and both JA and ethylene. Additionally, SA contributed to ovule abortion in '1913'. Exogenously supplying JA, SA or the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid promoted 'Bartlett' seed death. The regulatory mechanism in which ethylene controls ovule death has been demonstrated; therefore, JA's role in regulating '1913' ovule abortion was investigated. A further study identified that the JA signaling receptor MYC2 bound the SENESCENCE-ASSOCIATED 39 promoter and triggered its expression to regulate ovule abortion. Thus, we established ovule abortion-related relationships between GA and the hormones JA, ethylene and SA, and we determined their synergistic functions in regulating ovule death.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Etilenos/farmacologia , Giberelinas/farmacologia , Óvulo Vegetal/metabolismo , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Pyrus/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Etilenos/metabolismo , Giberelinas/metabolismo , Oxilipinas/metabolismo
11.
ACS Nano ; 15(9): 13901-13923, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516074

RESUMO

The increasing demand for wearable electronic devices necessitates flexible batteries with high stability and desirable energy density. Flexible lithium-sulfur batteries (FLSBs) have been increasingly studied due to their high theoretical energy density through the multielectron chemistry of low-cost sulfur. However, the implementation of FLSBs is challenged by several obstacles, including their low practical energy density, short life, and poor flexibility. Various graphene-based materials have been applied to address these issues. Graphene, with good conductivity and flexibility, exhibits synergistic effects with other active/catalytic/flexible materials to form multifunctional graphene-based materials, which play a pivotal role in FLSBs. This review summarizes the recent progress of graphene-based materials that have been used as various FLSB components, including cathodes, interlayers, and anodes. Particular attention is focused on the precise nanostructures, graphene efficacy, interfacial effects, and battery layout for realizing FLSBs with good flexibility, energy density, and cycling stability.

12.
Nanotechnology ; 32(49)2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461610

RESUMO

Creating a facile and efficient porous membrane for the comprehensive treatment of both insoluble and soluble pollutants from water is of great significance, yet remains challenging. Here, we present a facile strategy to prepare charged nanofibrous membranes assembled from spider silk-like humped SiO2/polyamide 66 (PA66)/polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers by combing Plateau-Rayleigh instability-induced assembly andin situsynthesis. The obtained nanofibrous membranes possess micro/nanostructured surfaces with promising superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic property, which are attributed to the synergy of hierarchical roughness and hydrophilic matrix. Combined with the superwettability and the integrated property of submicron pore size, high porosity, and good pore interconnectivity, the membranes can separate various oil-in-water emulsions with a remarkable permeation flux of 5403 l m-2h-1and a high separation efficiency (total organic carbon content <5 mg l-1). Moreover, attributed to the Laplace pressure difference and positive potential of the spindle-knotted nanofibers, the biomimetic nanofibrous membranes could remove the filter cake during separation. In addition, the membrane exhibits a remarkable adsorption-reduction capacity of hexavalent chromium. The synthesis of such attractive nanomaterials may provide new insights into the development of multifunctional separation materials for environmental applications.

13.
Bioorg Chem ; 115: 105198, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333419

RESUMO

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been considered as an attractive target for metabolic disorder and liver injury, while many current FXR agonists suffer from undesirable side effects, such as pruritus. Therefore, it is urgent to develop new structure types different from current FXR agonists. In this study, a series of structural optimizations were introduced to displace the unstable coumarin and geraniol scaffolds of auraptene (AUR), a novel and safe FXR agonist. All of these efforts led to the identification of compound 14, a potent FXR agonist with nearly fourfold higher activity than AUR. Molecular modeling study suggested that compound 14 fitted well with binding pocket, and formed the key ionic bond with His291 and Arg328. In acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury model, compound 14 exerts better therapeutic effect than that of AUR, which highlighting its pharmacological potential in the treatment of drug-induced liver injury.

14.
Physiol Plant ; 173(4): 1841-1849, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418106

RESUMO

Anthocyanins are common secondary metabolites in plants that impart red coloration to fruits and flowers. The important WRKY transcription factor family plays multifaceted roles in plant growth and development. In this study, we found a WRKY family gene, Pyrus bretschneideri WRKY75, that may be involved in anthocyanin synthesis in pear. Unlike Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY75, PbWRKY75 may be a positive regulator of anthocyanin synthesis. A transient expression assay indicated that PbWRKY75 promoted pear anthocyanin synthesis. The structural genes (PbANS, PbDFR, and PbUFGT) and positive regulators (PbMYB10 and PbMYB10b) of anthocyanin synthesis were significantly upregulated in the fruitlet skins of PbWRKY75-overexpressing "Zaosu" pears. Subsequently, yeast one-hybrid and dual-luciferase assays indicated that PbWRKY75 promoted PbDFR, PbUFGT, and PbMYB10b expression by activating their promoters. These results revealed that PbWRKY75 may promote the expression of both PbMYB10b and anthocyanin late biosynthetic genes (PbDFR and PbUFGT) by activating their promoters, thereby inducing anthocyanin synthesis in pear. This study enhanced our understanding of the mechanism of pear anthocyanin synthesis, which will be beneficial in the improvement of pear peel color.


Assuntos
Pyrus , Antocianinas , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Pyrus/genética , Pyrus/metabolismo
15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 602: 105-114, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118600

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Smart membranes with robust liquid water resistance and water vapor transmission capabilities have attracted growing attentions in personal protective equipment and environmental protection. However, current fluorine-free waterproof and breathable nanofibrous membranes are usually prepared through toxic solvent-based electrospinning, which raises great concerns about their environmental impacts. EXPERIMENTS: We develop environmentally friendly fluorine-free polyurethane nanofibrous membranes with robust waterproof and breathable performances via waterborne electrospinning without post-coating treatment. The incorporation of the low surface energy long-chain alkyls and polycarbodiimide crosslinker imparts the interconnective porous channels with high hydrophobicity to waterborne fluorine-free polyurethane nanofibrous membranes. FINDINGS: The waterborne fluorine-free nanofibrous membranes show high water contact angle of 137.1°, robust hydrostatic pressure of 35.9 kPa, desirable water vapor transmission rate of 4885 g m-2 d-1, excellent air permeability of 19.9 mm s-1, good tensile elongation of 372.4%, and remarkable elasticity of 56.9%, thus offering strong potential for protective textiles and leaving no toxic solvent residues. This work could also serve as a guide for the design of green and high-performance fibrous materials used for medical hygiene, wearable electronics, water desalination, and oil/water separation.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Flúor , Membranas Artificiais , Poliuretanos , Têxteis
16.
Opt Express ; 29(10): 15616-15630, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985259

RESUMO

This paper presents a near-infrared (NIR) monocular 3D computational polarization imaging method to directly reconstruct the shape of surfaces exhibiting nonuniform reflectance. A reference gradient field is introduced to the weight constraints for globally correcting the ambiguity of the surface normal for a target with nonuniform reflectance. We experimentally demonstrated that our method can reconstruct the shape of surfaces exhibiting nonuniform reflectance in not only the near field but also the far field. Moreover, with the proposed method, the axial resolution can be kept constant even under different object distances as long as the ratio of the focal length to the object distance is fixed. The simplicity and robustness of the proposed method make it an attractive tool for the fast modeling of 3D scenes.

17.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(8): 908-918, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942536

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: At present, the treatment for moyamoya disease (MMD) primarily consists of combined direct and indirect bypass surgery. Nevertheless, more than half of indirect bypass surgeries fail to develop good collaterals from the dura and temporal muscle. This study aimed to investigate whether microRNAs (miRNAs) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could serve as biomarkers for the prediction of postoperative collateral formation. METHODS: Moyamoya disease patients with indirect bypass surgery were divided into angiogenesis and non-angiogenesis groups, CSF was obtained, and miRNA sequencing was performed using the CSF. Candidate miRNAs were filtered and subsequently verified through qRT-PCR. The diagnostic utility of these differential miRNAs was investigated by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Finally, the potential biological processes and signaling pathways associated with candidate miRNAs were analyzed using R software. RESULTS: The expression levels of four miRNAs (miR-92a-3p, miR-486-3p, miR-25-3p, and miR-155-5p) were significantly increased in the angiogenesis group. By combining these four miRNAs (area under the curve [AUC] =0.970), we established an accurate predictive model of collateral circulation after indirect bypass surgery in MMD patients. GO and KEGG analyses demonstrated a high correlation with biological processes and signaling pathways related to angiogenesis. CONCLUSION: The 4-miRNA signature is a good model to predict angiogenesis after indirect bypass surgery and help the surgeon to select a appreciate bypass strategy.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10413, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001978

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) events associated with oncogenic processes present anomalous perturbations in many cancers, including ovarian carcinoma. There are no reliable features to predict survival outcomes for ovarian cancer patients. In this study, comprehensive profiling of AS events was conducted by integrating AS data and clinical information of ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma (OV). Survival-related AS events were identified by Univariate Cox regression analysis. Then, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to construct the prognostic signatures within each AS type. Furthermore, we established a splicing-related network to reveal the potential regulatory mechanisms between splicing factors and candidate AS events. A total of 730 AS events were identified as survival-associated splicing events, and the final prognostic signature based on all seven types of AS events could serve as an independent prognostic indicator and had powerful efficiency in distinguishing patient outcomes. In addition, survival-related AS events might be involved in tumor-related pathways including base excision repair and pyrimidine metabolism pathways, and some splicing factors might be correlated with prognosis-related AS events, including SPEN, SF3B5, RNPC3, LUC7L3, SRSF11 and PRPF38B. Our study constructs an independent prognostic signature for predicting ovarian cancer patients' survival outcome and contributes to elucidating the underlying mechanism of AS in tumor development.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/mortalidade , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Carcinogênese/genética , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/genética , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Prognóstico , Fatores de Processamento de RNA , RNA-Seq , Medição de Risco/métodos , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(16): 18627-18637, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826284

RESUMO

Flexible lithium-air batteries (FLABs) with ultrahigh theoretical energy density are considered as the most promising energy storage devices for next-generation flexible and wearable electronics. However, their practical application is seriously hindered by various obstacles, including bulky and rigid electrodes, instability/low conductivity of electrolytes, and especially, the inherent semi-open structure. When operated in ambient air, moisture penetrated from an air cathode inevitably corrodes a Li metal anode, and most of the reported FLABs can only work under a pure oxygen or specific air (relative humidity: <40%) atmosphere, which cannot be regarded as a real "lithium-air battery". Herein, the author designed an innovative battery configuration by the synergy of a 3D open-structured Co3O4@MnO2 cathode and an integrated structure: a composite lithium anode encased in a gel electrolyte. A composite lithium anode fabricated through a simple, low-cost, and effective rolling method significantly relieves the fatigue fracture of the lithium electrode. Subsequently, an in situ-formed gel electrolyte encloses the composite lithium electrode, which not only reduces the electrode/electrolyte interfacial resistance but also acts as a protective layer, effectively preventing the lithium anode from corrosion. Consequentially, the battery can achieve more than 100 stable cycles in ambient air with a high relative humidity of 50%. To our surprise, the FLAB remains operational under extreme conditions, such as bending, twisting, clipping, and even soaking in water, demonstrating widespread applications in flexible electronics.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(15): 18165-18174, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834758

RESUMO

People living in very cold climates urgently desire warmth retention equipment to remain healthy. However, creating materials that exhibit both effective warm retention and robust mechanical properties to maintain stable structures is extremely challenging. Herein, we report a facile and time-saving strategy for preparing ultralight, mechanically robust, and high-performance warmth retention materials via direct electrospinning and thermal crosslinking. Fluffy fibrous assemblies with stereoscopic fiber networks are fabricated with a humidity-induced electrospinning technique, followed by heating to create semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPNs) within fibers to acquire fibrous sponges (FSs). The semi-IPN-based FSs (semi-IPN FSs) present integrated properties of high tensile stress (∼1 MPa), good fatigue resistance (∼0% plastic deformation after 1000 cyclic tensile or compressive tests), and nondestructive resilience in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C). Furthermore, the semi-IPN FSs exhibit a low volume density of ∼2.2 mg cm-3, effective heat preservation ability (low thermal conductivity ∼25.8 mW m-1 K-1), and desired waterproofness and breathability. The successful synthesis of semi-IPN FSs provides a novel attempt to develop high-performance materials with robust mechanical properties for numerous applications.

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