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1.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 518-532, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671345

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to be crucial regulators in numerous human diseases. However, little is known about their effects on early recurrent miscarriage (RM). Here we aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS1 on placental trophoblast cell metabolic reprogramming, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of RM. After microarray and GEO database analyses, we found that EPB41L4A-AS1 was significantly increased in early RM placental tissue, and this increase may relate to estradiol-mediated upregulation of PGC-1α. EPB41L4A-AS1 overexpression inhibits glycolysis but increases the dependence on fatty acid oxidation in mitochondrion metabolism and suppresses the Warburg effect, which is necessary for rapid growth of the placental villus, leading to miscarriage. Mechanistic analyses demonstrated that EPB41L4A-AS1 functions as a lncRNA in the regulation of VDAC1 and HIF-1α expression through enhancement of H3K4me3 levels in the promoters of VDAC1 and HIF1A-AS1, a natural antisense transcript (NAT) lncRNA of HIF-1α. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that aberrant expression of EPB41L4A-AS1 is involved in the etiology of early RM, and it may be a candidate diagnostic hallmark and a potential therapeutic target for early RM treatment.

2.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 76(15): 3005-3018, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006037

RESUMO

The accumulation of intracellular ß-amyloid peptide (Aß) is important pathological characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the exact underlying molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here, we reported that Nuclear Paraspeckle Assembly Transcript 1 (NEAT1), a long n on-coding RNA, exhibits repressed expression in the early stage of AD and its down-regulation declines neuroglial cell mediating Aß clearance via inhibiting expression of endocytosis-related genes. We find that NEAT1 is associated with P300/CBP complex and its inhibition affects H3K27 acetylation (H3K27Ac) and H3K27 crotonylation (H3K27Cro) located nearby to the transcription start site of many genes, including endocytosis-related genes. Interestingly, NEAT1 inhibition down-regulates H3K27Ac but up-regulates H3K27Cro through repression of acetyl-CoA generation. NEAT1 also mediates the binding between STAT3 and H3K27Ac but not H3K27Cro. Therefore, the decrease of H3K27Ac and/or the increase of H3K27Cro declines expression of multiple related genes. Collectively, this study first reveals the different roles of H3K27Ac and H3K27Cro in regulation of gene expression and provides the insight of the epigenetic regulatory mechanism of NEAT1 in gene expression and AD pathology.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Acetilcoenzima A/metabolismo , Acetilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/farmacologia , Animais , Caveolina 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Caveolina 2/genética , Caveolina 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epigênese Genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Histonas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neuroglia/citologia , Neuroglia/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de p300-CBP/metabolismo
3.
EBioMedicine ; 41: 200-213, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNAs have been found to be involved in various aspects of biological processes. In this study, we aimed to uncover the molecular mechanisms of lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS1 in regulating glycolysis and glutaminolysis in cancer cells. METHODS: The expression of EPB41L4A-AS1 in cancer patients was analyzed in TCGA and GEO datasets. The level of cellular metabolism was determined by extracellular flux analyzer. The relationship between p53 and EPB41L4A-AS1 was explored by qRT-PCR, luciferase assay and ChIP assay. The interactions between EPB41L4A-AS1 and HDAC2 or NPM1 were determined by RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pull-down assay and RNA-FISH- immunofluorescence. FINDINGS: EPB41L4A-AS1 was a p53-regulated gene. Low expression and deletion of lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS1 were found in a variety of human cancers and associated with poor prognosis of cancer patients. Knock down EPB41L4A-AS1 expression triggered Warburg effect, demonstrated as increased aerobic glycolysis and glutaminolysis. EPB41L4A-AS1 interacted and colocalized with HDAC2 and NPM1 in nucleolus. Silencing EPB41L4A-AS1 reduced the interaction between HDAC2 and NPM1, released HDAC2 from nucleolus and increased its distribution in nucleoplasm, enhanced HDAC2 occupation on VHL and VDAC1 promoter regions, and finally accelerated glycolysis and glutaminolysis. Depletion of EPB41L4A-AS1 increased the sensitivity of tumor to glutaminase inhibitor in tumor therapy. INTERPRETATION: EPB41L4A-AS1 functions as a repressor of the Warburg effect and plays important roles in metabolic reprogramming of cancer.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Glicólise , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Animais , Glutaminase/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
4.
Oncotarget ; 8(9): 15283-15293, 2017 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28146429

RESUMO

LINC00341 is a novel long intergenic non-protein coding RNA with unknown functions. In our report, we investigated LINC00341 expression and its prognostic value in cancer patients. DNA over-methylation triggered low expression of LINC00341 and that was associated with poor prognosis in cancers. A meta-analysis further confirmed that high expression of LINC00341 was associated with a better prognosis in cancer patients. Both gene set enrichment analysis and meta-analysis showed that LINC00341 inhibited cancer metastasis. Finally, a large-scale multicentre analysis supported a prognostic value of LINC00341 in cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Metanálise como Assunto , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Prognóstico
5.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 74(6): 1117-1131, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27783096

RESUMO

Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) is the crucial structural platform of paraspeckles, which is one type of nuclear bodies. As a stress-induced lncRNA, the expression of NEAT1 increases in response to viral infection, but little is known about the role of NEAT1 or paraspeckles in the replication of herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Here, we demonstrate that HSV-1 infection increases NEAT1 expression and paraspeckle formation in a STAT3-dependent manner. NEAT1 and other paraspeckle protein components, P54nrb and PSPC1, can associate with HSV-1 genomic DNA. By binding with STAT3, PSPC1 is required for the recruitment of STAT3 to paraspeckles and facilitates the interaction between STAT3 and viral gene promoters, finally increasing viral gene expression and viral replication. Furthermore, thermosensitive gel containing NEAT1 siRNA or STAT3 siRNA effectively healed the skin lesions caused by HSV-1 infection in mice. Our results provide insight into the roles of lncRNAs in the epigenetic control of viral genes and into the function of paraspeckles.


Assuntos
Genes Virais , Herpesvirus Humano 1/fisiologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Replicação Viral/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Herpes Simples/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 1/genética , Humanos , Corpos de Inclusão Intranuclear/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas à Matriz Nuclear/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Octâmero/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
6.
Vaccine ; 33(46): 6268-76, 2015 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26431989

RESUMO

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) causes a serious vesicular disease responsible for economic losses in the livestock industry. Currently, there are no suitable vaccines to prevent VSV infection. Although the structural matrix (M) protein of VSV has been shown to be a virulence factor in rodent models, its role in the pathogenicity of VSV infection in livestock species is unknown. We hypothesized that VSV with mutations in the M protein represents a novel live attenuated vaccine candidate. To test this, we introduced mutations into VSV M protein using reverse genetics and assessed their attenuation both in vitro and in pigs, an important natural host of VSV. A recombinant VSV with a triple amino acid mutation in M protein (VSVMT) demonstrated a significantly reduced ability to inhibit the type I interferon (IFN) signaling pathway and to shutoff host gene expression compared to WT-VSV and a mutant virus with a single amino acid deletion (VSVΔM51). Inoculation of pigs with VSVMT induced no apparent vesicular lesions but stimulated virus-neutralizing antibodies and animals were protected against virulent VSV challenge infection. These data demonstrate that the M protein is an important virulence factor for VSV in swine and VSVMT represents a novel vaccine candidate for VSV infections in pigs.


Assuntos
Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Vesiculovirus/imunologia , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/prevenção & controle , Suínos , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/genética , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Vesiculovirus/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/genética , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/imunologia
7.
Vaccine ; 30(7): 1313-21, 2012 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22222871

RESUMO

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is a promising vector for vaccine and oncolysis, but it can also produce acute diseases in cattle, horses, and swine characterized by vesiculation and ulceration of the tongue, oral tissues, feet, and teats. In experimental animals (primates, rats, and mice), VSV has been shown to lead to neurotoxicities, such as hind limb paralysis. The virus matrix protein (M) and glycoprotein (G) are both major pathogenic determinants of wild-type VSV and have been the major targets for the production of attenuated strains. Existing strategies for attenuation included: (1) deletion or M51R substitution in the M protein (VSVΔM51 or VSVM51R, respectively); (2) truncation of the C-terminus of the G protein (GΔ28). Despite these mutations, recombinant VSV with mutated M protein is only moderately attenuated in animals, whereas there are no detailed reports to determine the pathogenicity of recombinant VSV with truncated G protein at high dose. Thus, a novel recombinant VSV (VSVΔM51-GΔ28) as well as other attenuated VSVs (VSVΔM51, VSV-GΔ28) were produced to determine their efficacy as vaccine vectors with low pathogenicity. In vitro studies indicated that truncated G protein (GΔ28) could play a more important role than deletion of M51 (ΔM51) for attenuation of recombinant VSV. VSVΔM51-GΔ28 was determined to be the most attenuated virus with low pathogenicity in mice, with VSV-GΔ28 also showing relatively reduced pathogenicity. Further, neutralizing antibodies stimulated by VSV-GΔ28 proved to be significantly higher than in mice treated with VSVΔM51-GΔ28. In conclusion, among different attenuated VSVs with mutated M and/or G proteins, recombinant VSV with only truncated G protein (VSV-GΔ28) demonstrated ideal balance between pathogenesis and stimulating a protective immune response. These properties make VSV-GΔ28 a promising vaccine vector and vaccine candidate for preventing vesicular stomatitis disease.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Estomatite Vesicular/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Estomatite Vesicular Indiana/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Feminino , Imunidade Ativa , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Deleção de Sequência , Vacinação , Vacinas Atenuadas , Estomatite Vesicular/imunologia , Estomatite Vesicular/virologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/química , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/química , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética , Vacinas Virais/genética
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