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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 287, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars display orange or yellow background skin, whereas some cultivars are particularly preferred by consumers because of their red blushed skin on the background. RESULTS: In this study, two blushed ('Jianali' and 'Hongyu') and two nonblushed ('Baixing' and 'Luntaixiaobaixing') cultivars were used to investigate the formation mechanism of blushed skin in apricots. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis showed that the blushed cultivars accumulated higher cyanidin-3-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside and peonidin-3-O-rutinoside levels during fruit ripening than the nonblushed cultivars. Based on coexpression network analysis (WGCNA), a putative anthocyanin-related R2R3-MYB, PaMYB10, and seven structural genes were identified from transcriptome data. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that PaMYB10 clustered in the anthocyanin-related MYB clade. Sequence alignments revealed that PaMYB10 contained a bHLH-interaction motif ([DE]Lx2[RK]x3Lx6Lx3R) and an ANDV motif. Subcellular localization analysis showed that PaMYB10 was a nuclear protein. Real-time qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the transcript levels of PaMYB10 and seven genes responsible for anthocyanin synthesis were significantly higher in blushed than in nonblushed apricots, which was consistent with the accumulation of anthocyanin. In addition, bagging significantly inhibited the transcript levels of PaMYB10 and the structural genes in 'Jianali' and blocked the red coloration and anthocyanin accumulation. Transient PaMYB10 overexpression in 'Luntaixiaobaixing' fruits resulted in the red blushed skin at the maturation stage. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these data reveal that three anthocyanins are responsible for the blushed skin of apricots, identify PaMYB10 as a positive regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis in apricots, and demonstrate that blush formation depends on light.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/biossíntese , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Pigmentos Biológicos/biossíntese , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Prunus armeniaca/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Antocianinas/genética , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cor , Frutas/genética , Frutas/fisiologia , Glucosídeos/biossíntese , Glucosídeos/genética , Filogenia , Pigmentos Biológicos/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Prunus armeniaca/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
2.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(10): 5860-5869, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30505494

RESUMO

Background: This retrospective study aimed to investigate the computed tomography (CT) manifestations, short-term dynamic evolution features and quantitative lung CT analysis of inhalation lung injury induced by smoke bomb flare. Methods: Eleven pediatric patients (aged 11 to 13) who inhaled the smoke of smoke bombs underwent several low-dose chest CT scans. The image characteristics and their dynamic changes were observed and quantitative CT values were analyzed. The quantitative CT indicators included lung injury CT score (LICTS), lung fibrosis CT score (LFCTS), mean lung density (MLD), normally aerated volume ratio (NAVR) and reductively aerated volume ratio (RAVR). Box-plot was used to analyze the dynamic changes of each indicator and Spearman statistical method was used to analyze the correlation between any two indicators. Results: (I) In most cases, there were multiple consolidation and massive ground-glass opacities (GGOs) in the two lungs, which aggravated in the early stage and then gradually dissoluted in the later stage. LICTS was positively correlated with MLD (r=0.811, P=0.000), while it was negatively correlated with NAVR (r=-0.712, P=0.000). There existed interstitial fibrosis in the later stage, and LFCTS was positively correlated with RAVR (r=0.382, P=0.028). (II) In one case, the patterns were like layered cake, i.e., consolidation with air bronchus signs in the accumulation area, GGOs in the aforementioned area and normal lung in the top area. The patterns aggravated in the early stage and quickly dissolved in the later stage, and only a few residual fibrotic lesions existed on the final scan. (III) For severe cases, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema aggravated in the early stage and then gradually dissolved in the later stage. Conclusions: The chest CT manifestations of inhalation lung injury induced by smoke bombs are predominantly GGOs and consolidation. They aggravate in the early stage and gradual dissolute in the later stage. CT quantitative values can contribute to evaluating the extent of this disease, and NAVR and RAVR can be used to assess pulmonary function.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30461193

RESUMO

The emerging evidence reveals that protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is involved in regulation of tumour cell proliferation and cancer development. Nevertheless, the exact role of PRMT5 in human lung cancer cell proliferation and the underlying molecular mechanism remains largely obscure. Here, we showed that PRMT5 was highly expressed in human lung cancer cells and lung cancer tissues. Furthermore, we generated PRMT5 stable knockdown cell lines (A549 and H1299 cells) and explored the functions of PRMT5 in lung cancer cell proliferation. We found that the down-regulation of PRMT5 by shRNA or the inhibition of PRMT5 by specific inhibitor GSK591 dramatically suppressed cyclin E1 and cyclin D1 expression and cell proliferation. Moreover, we uncovered that PRMT5 promoted lung cancer cell proliferation via regulation of Akt activation. PRMT5 was directly co-localized and interacted with Akt, but not PTEN and mTOR. Down-regulation or inhibition of PRMT5 markedly reduced Akt phosphorylation at Thr308 and Ser473, whereas the expression of PTEN and mTOR phosphorylation was unchanged, indicating that PRMT5 was an important upstream regulator of Akt and induced lung cancer cell proliferation. Altogether, our results indicate that PRMT5 promotes human lung cancer cell proliferation through direct interaction with Akt and regulation of Akt activity. Our findings also suggest that targeting PRMT5 may have therapeutic potential for treatment of human lung cancer.

4.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 29(11): 973-976, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29151410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of curcumin on pulmonary fibrosis and functions on paraquat (PQ)-challenged rats, and investigate the possible mechanism. METHODS: 108 SPF Wistar rats were divided into three groups according to random number sheet: normal saline (NS) control group, PQ model group and curcumin-treatment group. The rats in each group were subdivided into three subgroups according to different time points (3, 7, 14 days), with 12 rats in each subgroup. PQ-challenged models were reproduced by intragastrical administration of PQ solution 50 mg/kg, and those in NS control group were given the equal volume of NS. After 30 minutes, the rats in curcumin-treatment group were given 200 mg/kg of curcumin by intraperitoneal injection, and those in NS control group and PQ model group were given the equal volume of NS. At 3, 7, 14 days, the tidal volume (VT) was examined, and the blood was drawn from femoral artery for blood gas analysis. Then the rats were sacrificed and the lung tissues were harvested, the hydroxyproline (Hyp) content was measured by alkaline hydrolysis; the expression of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) was determined by immuno-histochemistry; the distribution and the change of the pulmonary collagen fiber were observed after Masson staining. RESULTS: After exposure to PQ, the VT and arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) were decreased gradually, and the levels of Hyp and TGF-ß1 were increased gradually, reaching the trough or the peak at 14 days, which were significantly lower or higher than those in NS control group [14-day VT (mL): 1.52±0.33 vs. 2.81±0.47, 14-day PaO2 (kPa): 5.87±0.95 vs. 14.15±1.02, 14-day Hyp (µg/mg): 3.12±0.06 vs. 1.14±0.05, 14-day TGF-ß1 (integral A value): 29.72±4.27 vs. 4.15±0.52, all P < 0.01]. After intervene of curcumin, the parameters were significantly improved as compared with those of PQ model group [14-day VT (mL): 2.34±0.19 vs. 1.52±0.33, 14-day PaO2 (kPa): 10.23±1.01 vs. 5.87±0.95, 14-day Hyp (µg/mg): 2.31±0.04 vs. 3.12±0.06, 14-day TGF-ß1 (integral A value): 15.46±2.89 vs. 29.72±4.27, all P < 0.01]. It was shown by Masson staining that in PQ model group, with the PQ-poisoned time prolonging, diffused pulmonary fibrosis and a large number of collagen deposition were observed gradually, and the most serious collagen deposition was observed at 14 days; after intervene of curcumin, pulmonary fibrosis was alleviated significantly at different time points as compared with the PQ model group. CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin can enhance the pulmonary function by reducing the deposition of collagen fiber and inhabiting pulmonary fibrosis of PQ-poisoned rats.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Animais , Curcumina , Pulmão , Paraquat , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
5.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(9): 15146-54, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26628998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of siRNA-mediated inhibition of lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck) on pulmonary inflammation in a mouse model of asthma. METHODS: A total of 32 female BABL/c mice were used in the study. The mouse asthma model was established with ovabumin (OVA), and Lck specific siRNA or nonspecific siRNA was transfected through the tail vein before the first OVA challenge. Two days after the last challenge, mice were sacrificed and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), plasma and lung tissue were collected. Levels of Lck mRNA and protein in lung were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot. The levels of IL-4 and IgE in BALF and plasma were detected with ELISA. RESULTS: Lck specific siRNA significantly inhibited expression of Lck mRNA and protein in T cells. In vivo transfection of Lck siRNA down regulated the expression of Lck mRNA and protein in lung parenchymal homogenates. Sensitized mice treated with Lck siRNA prior to OVA challenge had fewer eosinophils in BALF and in lung sections and lower levels of IL-4 and IgE in BALF and plasma compared to those treated with nonspecific siRNA. CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment of OVA sensitized mice with Lck siRNA results in attenuation of pulmonary inflammation following OVA challenge. Inhibition of Lck gene expression should be investigated further as a potential therapy for asthma.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 16(2): 289-95, 2005 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15852925

RESUMO

The Sanjiang Plain is the largest fresh water wetland distribution area in China and the center of waterfowls breeding and habitat area in Asia, but over the past 50 years, more than 73% of its wetland had lost because of agricultural development, and as a result, the wetland biodiversity declines dramatically, and the remnant wetlands are in a very fragment state. Based on historical maps, remote sensing data and GIS techniques, this paper selected two watersheds to analyze their wetland landscape fragmentation process during 1950-2000. It was indicated that land reclamation resulted in a decrease of 98% wetland corridors in Qixing River, 90% in Naoli River, 87% in the middle reach of Bielahong River, and 94% in the lower reach of Bielahong River; The amount of isolated wetlands in watershed increased dramatically; The maximum patch areas of wetland decreased by 92.6% in Naoli River watershed and 74.6% in Bielahong River watershed, and the mean wetland patch area in the two watersheds decreased by 99%. Before 1983, the wetland landscape was in an extensive area distribution state (the index of patch density was < 0.1), but after 1983, it fragmented dramatically, with the index of patch density larger than 1.5. The shape fragmentation indices of wetland decreased from 1950 to 2000, indicating a very big change in wetland patch shapes in the watersheds. The area fragmentation indices of wetland also increased from 1950 to 2000, especially after 1983, showing that the wetlands were in a serious fragmentation state. The wetland landscape fragmentation changed from a landmass and island model to a satellite model, and finally to a completely isolated model, which indicated the great changes in spatial structure of wetland in the Sanjiang Plain.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Rios
7.
Ambio ; 33(6): 306-10, 2004 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15387064

RESUMO

The Small Sanjiang Plain (SSP), was formerly the largest wetland complex in China, located in the Northeastern part of Heilongjiang Province, China. Home to vast numbers of waterfowls, fish, and plants, the SSP is globally significant for biodiversity conservation. The loss and fragmentation of wetlands as a result agricultural development over 50 years has impacted wetland communities and their biodiversity. We used GIS to inventory large-scale land-use changes from 1950 to 2000, together with other statistical data. We found that 73.6% of the wetlands were lost due to agricultural development. Consequences of these land-use changes included: i) a rapid decline in waterfowl and plant species with the loss and fragmentation of natural wetlands and wetland ecosystem degradation; ii) greater variation in wetland water levels as the result of land-use changes over the years; iii) disruption of the dynamic river-floodplain connection by construction of drainage ditches and levees; and iv) a decrease in floodplain area that caused increased flooding peak flows and runoff. Here we show how these changes affect wetland biodiversity and impact important wetland species.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Abastecimento de Água , Animais , Aves , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Plantas , Dinâmica Populacional , Rios
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