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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 719: 137454, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114233

RESUMO

Phaeocystis globosa is a major causative agent of harmful algal blooms in the global ocean, featuring a complex polymorphic life cycle alternating between free-living solitary cells and colonial cells. Colony is the dominant morphotype during P. globosa bloom. However, the underlying mechanism of colony formation is poorly understood. Here, we comprehensively compared global transcriptomes of P. globosa cells at four distinctive colony formation stages: free-living solitary cells, two cell-, four cell- and multi-cell colonies, under low (20 °C) and high (32 °C) temperatures, and characterized the genes involved in colony formation. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis was enhanced while its degradation was decreased during colony formation, resulting in the accumulation of GAGs that are an essential substrate of the colony matrix. Nitrogen metabolism and glutamine synthesis were remarkably increased in the colonial cells, which provided precursors for GAG synthesis. Furthermore, cell defense and motility were down-regulated in the colonial cells, thereby conserving energy for GAG synthesis. Notably, high temperature led to decreased synthesis and increased degradation of GAGs, resulting in insufficient substrates to form the colony. Our study indicates that GAGs accumulation is critical for colony formation of P. globosa, but high temperature inhibits GAGs' accumulation and colony formation.


Assuntos
Haptófitas , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Temperatura , Transcriptoma
2.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32010916

RESUMO

The combination of Dirac and Valley physics in one single-layer system is a very interesting topic and has received widespread attention in materials science and condensed matter physics. Using density-functional theoretical calculations, we predict that a two-dimensional (2D) cyanided group-VA monolayer, MAs(CN)2 (M = Sb, Bi), can turn into the spin-valley Dirac point (svDP) state under external strains. In sharp contrast to the symmetry protected 2D Dirac semimetal (DSM), the Dirac Fermions in svDP materials are spin non-degenerate due to strong spin-splitting under SOC. Remarkably, the Dirac fermions in inequivalent valleys can host opposite Berry curvature and spin moment, leading to the Dirac spin-valley Hall effect with dissipationless transport. We also find that the svDP of MAs(CN)2 is a critical state of topological phase transition between the trivial and nontrivial states. An effective tight-binding model is used to unveil the physics of svDP and topological phase transition under strain. These results will provide a route towards the integration of spin-valley indexes in 2D Dirac materials and design multipurpose and controllable devices in valleytronics.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 692: 1037-1047, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539936

RESUMO

Dinoflagellates represent major contributors to the harmful algal blooms in the oceans. Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient that limits the growth and proliferation of dinoflagellates. However, the specific molecular mechanisms involved in the P acclimation of dinoflagellates remain poorly understood. Here, the transcriptomes of a dinoflagellate Prorocentrum donghaiense grown under inorganic P-replete, P-deficient, and inorganic- and organic P-resupplied conditions were compared. Genes encoding low- and high-affinity P transporters were significantly down-regulated in the P-deficient cells, while organic P utilization genes were significantly up-regulated, indicating strong ability of P. donghaiense to utilize organic P. Up-regulation of membrane phospholipid catabolism and endocytosis provided intracellular and extracellular organic P for the P-deficient cells. Physiological responses of P. donghaiense to dissolved inorganic P (DIP) or dissolved organic P (DOP) resupply exhibited insignificant differences. However, the corresponding transcriptomic responses significantly differed. Although the expression of multiple genes was significantly altered after DIP resupplementation, few biological processes varied. In contrast, various metabolic processes associated with cell growth, such as translation, transport, nucleotide, carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms, were significantly altered in the DOP-resupplied cells. Our results indicated that P. donghaiense evolved diverse DOP utilization strategies to adapt to low P environments, and that DOPs might play critical roles in the P. donghaiense bloom formation.


Assuntos
Dinoflagelados/fisiologia , Fósforo/metabolismo , Poluentes da Água/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Oceanos e Mares , Transcriptoma , Regulação para Cima
4.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 85(19)2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375486

RESUMO

Phytoplankton blooms are natural phenomena in the ocean, which are the results of rapid cell growth of some phytoplankton species in a unique environment. However, little is known about the molecular events occurring during the bloom. Here, we compared metaproteomes of two phytoplankton Heterosigma akashiwo and Prorocentrum donghaiense in the coastal East China Sea. H. akashiwo and P. donghaiense accounted for 7.82% and 4.74% of the phytoplankton community protein abundances in the nonbloom sample, whereas they contributed to 60.13% and 78.09%, respectively, in their individual blooming samples. Compared with P. donghaiense, H. akashiwo possessed a significantly higher abundance of light-harvesting complex proteins, carbonic anhydrasem and RuBisCO. The blooming H. akashiwo cells expressed more proteins related to external nutrient acquisition, such as bicarbonate transporter SLC4, ammonium transporter, nitrite transporter, and alkaline phosphatase, while the blooming P. donghaiense cells highly expressed proteins related to extra- and intracellular organic nutrient utilization, such as amino acid transporter, 5'-nucleotidase, acid phosphatase, and tripeptidyl-peptidase. The strong capabilities of light harvesting, as well as acquisition and assimilation of inorganic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, facilitated the formation of the H. akashiwo bloom under the high turbidity and inorganic nutrient-sufficient condition, whereas the competitive advantages in organic nutrient acquisition and reallocation guaranteed the occurrence of the P. donghaiense bloom under the inorganic nutrient-insufficient condition. This study highlights the power of metaproteomics for revealing the underlying molecular behaviors of different coexisting phytoplankton species and advances our knowledge on the formation of phytoplankton blooms.IMPORTANCE A deep understanding of the mechanisms driving bloom formation is a prerequisite for effective bloom management. Metaproteomics was applied in this study to reveal the adaptive and responsive strategies of two coexisting phytoplankton species, H. akashiwo and P. donghaiense, during their bloom periods. Metabolic features and niche divergence in light harvesting, as well as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus acquisition and assimilation likely promoted the bloom occurrence under different environments. The molecular behaviors of coexisting bloom-causing species will give clues for bloom monitoring and management in the oceans.

5.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 5459-5472, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354352

RESUMO

Background: Neuroblastoma (NB) displays the most heterogeneity in clinical manifestation. The insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) has long been recognized for its role in tumourigenesis and growth. The IGF/IGF1R pathway is important in maintaining cell survival. It is reported that IGF1R participates in the occurrence of NB, but the mechanism is still unclear. Methods: Human NB cell lines IMR-32 and SH-SY5Y were recruited in this study. IGF1R was knocked down by transfection with short hairpin RNA. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression was inhibited by Cryptotanshinone treatment. Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were determined by MTT assay, wound healing assay, and cell invasion assay, respectively. The cancer stem cell properties were characterized by tumour sphere formation assay and colony formation assay. The mRNA and protein expression levels of related proteins were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Results: The knockdown of IGF1R inhibits NB cell tumourigenesis and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of NB cells. Additionally, IGF1R was found to stimulate cancer stem cell-like properties in NPC cells. The knockdown of IGF1R significantly reduced the phosphorylation of AKT, and STAT3, indicating that the activation of the AKT and STAT3 pathways was inhibited by IGF1R knockdown. Furthermore, IGF1R was demonstrated to stimulate cancer stem cell-like properties in NB cells via the regulation of the STAT3/AKT axis. Conclusion: IGF1R promotes cancer stem cell properties to facilitate EMT in neuroblastoma via the STAT3/AKT axis.

6.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(30): 305303, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018184

RESUMO

We theoretically study the quantum transport through a Fano-Rashba interferometer with an embedded Majorana doublet which generates at one end of the DIII-class topological superconductor. It shows that the Rasbha spin-orbit interaction in the reference arm drives the apparent and terminal-dependence spin polarization of the electron tunneling and crossed Andreev reflection, accompanied by their opposite directions. However, spin degeneracy holds in the local Andreev reflection. Next once the Majorana doublet is replaced by the Andreev bound state, the spin-polarization properties of the Andreev reflections are interchanged. Therefore, the Fano-Rashba interferometer can be a promising candidate for differentiating the Majorana doublet from other bound states.

7.
Nanoscale ; 11(12): 5666-5673, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865199

RESUMO

Recent experimental success in the realization of two-dimensional (2D) magnetism has invigorated the search for new 2D magnetic materials with a large magnetocrystalline anisotropy, high Curie temperature, and high carrier mobility. Using first-principles calculations, here we predict a novel class of single-spin Dirac fermion states in a 2D Ta2S3 monolayer, characterized by a band structure with a large gap in one spin channel and a Dirac cone in the other with carrier mobility comparable to that of graphene. Ta2S3 is dynamically and thermodynamically stable under ambient conditions, and possesses a large out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy energy and a high Curie temperature (TC = 445 K) predicted from the spin-wave theory. When the spin and orbital degrees of freedom are allowed to couple, the Ta2S3 monolayer becomes a Chern insulator with a fully spin-polarized half-metallic edge state. An effective four-band tight-binding model is constructed to clarify the origin of a semi-Dirac cone in a spin-up channel and nontrivial band topology, which can be well maintained on a semiconducting substrate. The combination of these unique single-spin Dirac fermion and quantum anomalous Hall states renders the 2D Ta2S3 lattice a promising platform for applications in topologically high fidelity data storage and energy-efficient spintronic devices.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(9): 5165-5169, 2019 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30775766

RESUMO

Ferroelasticity and band topology are two intriguing yet distinct quantum states of condensed matter materials. Their coexistence in a single two-dimensional (2D) lattice, however, has never been observed. Here, we found that the 2D tetragonal HfC monolayer allowed simultaneous presence of ferroelastic and topological orders. By using first-principles calculations, we found that it could allow a low switching barrier with reversible strain of 17.4%, indicating that the anisotropic properties are achievable experimentally for a 2D tetragonal lattice. More interestingly, the tuning of topological behaviors with strain led to spin-separated and gapless edge states, that is, the quantum spin Hall effect. These findings from the coupling of two quantum orders offer insights into ferroelastic control over topological edge states for achieving multifunctional properties in next-generation 2D nanodevices.

9.
J Proteomics ; 196: 141-149, 2019 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30414514

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) is a key macronutrient limiting cell growth and bloom formation of marine dinoflagellates. Physiological responses to changing ambient P have been investigated in dinoflagellates; however, the molecular mechanisms behind these responses remain limited. Here, we compared the protein expression profiles of a marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella grown in inorganic P-replete, P-deficient, and inorganic- and organic-P resupplied conditions using an iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic approach. P deficiency inhibited cell growth and enhanced alkaline phosphatase activity (APA) but had no effect on photosynthetic efficiency. After P resupply, the P-deficient cells recovered growth rapidly and APA decreased. Proteins involved in sphingolipid metabolism, organic P utilization, starch and sucrose metabolism, and photosynthesis were up-regulated in the P-deficient cells, while proteins associated with protein synthesis, nutrient assimilation and energy metabolism were down-regulated. The responses of the P-deficient A. catenella to the resupply of organic and inorganic P presented significant differences: more biological processes were enhanced in the organic P-resupplied cells than those in the inorganic P-resupplied cells; A. catenella might directly utilize G-6-P for nucleic acid synthesis through the pentose phosphate pathway. Our results indicate that A. catenella has evolved diverse adaptive strategies to ambient P deficiency and specific mechanisms to utilize dissolved organic P, which might be an important reason resulting in A. catenella bloom in the low inorganic P environment. BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The ability of marine dinoflagellates to utilize different phosphorus (P) species and adapt to ambient P deficiency determines their success in the ocean. In this study, we investigated the response mechanisms of a dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella to ambient P deficiency, and resupply of inorganic- and organic-P at the proteome level. Our results indicated that A. catenella initiated multiple adaptive strategies to ambient P deficiency, e.g. utilizing nonphospholipids and glycosphingolipids instead of phospholipids, enhancing expression of acid phosphatase to utilize organic P, and reallocating intracellular energy. Proteome responses of the P-deficient A. catenella to resupply of inorganic- and organic-P differed significantly, indicating different utilization pathways of inorganic and organic P, A. catenella might directly utilize low molecular weight organic P, such as G-6-P as both P and carbon sources.

10.
Brain Res ; 1704: 219-228, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30321496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MYCN and LMO1 amplification are commonly observed in neuroblastoma (NB), which was often accompanied by genetic loss of let-7 microRNA (miRNA). Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) was found to regulate let-7 miRNA expression via FGF receptor substrate 2 (FRS2), which then activates transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) signaling. METHODS: Expression of MYCN, LMO1, FRS2, let-7, and TGF-ß receptor I (TGFßRI) was selectively knocked-down or enhanced in NB cells. Proliferation, invasion, migration, metastasis and tumorigenesis of NB, expression of downstream signaling factors and metastasis-associated protein were evaluated. RESULTS: Knock-down on either MYCN or LMO1 has led to inhibition on proliferation, invasion, migration, and metastasis of NB cells, and knock-down of FRS2 resulted in increases in MYCN and LMO1 expression and enhanced invasion, migration and metastasis of NB cells. Decreased expression of TGF-ß1 or TGFßRI led to decrease expression in LMO1 and proliferation, invasion, migration and metastasis markers, except MYCN expression which appeared not to be regulated by TGF-ß1 or TGFßRI. Furthermore, let-7 miRNA was shown to decrease the expression levels of TGF-ßRI, LMO1 and MYCN. CONCLUSIONS: FGF regulates MYCN and TGF-ß1-induced LMO1 and metastasis of NB cells via let-7 miRNA.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/patologia , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia
11.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(8): 13252-13262, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580435

RESUMO

Although cardiac hypertrophy is widely recognized as a risk factor that leads to cardiac dysfunction and, ultimately, heart failure, the complex mechanisms underlying cardiac hypertrophy remain incompletely characterized. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) is involved in the regulation of cardiac lipid metabolism. Here, we describe a novel PPARδ-dependent molecular cascade involving microRNA-29a (miR-29a) and atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), which is reactivated in cardiac hypertrophy. In addition, we identify a novel role of miR-29a, in which it has a cardioprotective function in isoproterenol hydrochloride-induced cardiac hypertrophy by targeting PPARδ and downregulating ANF. Finally, we provide evidence that miR-29a reduces the isoproterenol hydrochloride-induced cardiac hypertrophy response, thereby underlining the potential clinical relevance of miR-29a in which it may serve as a potent therapeutic target for heart hypertrophy treatment.


Assuntos
Fator Natriurético Atrial/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo
12.
Nanoscale ; 10(44): 20748-20753, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402628

RESUMO

Nodal-ring materials with a spin-polarized feature have attracted intensive interest recently due to their exotic properties and potential applications in spintronics. However, such a type of two-dimensional (2D) lattice is rather rare and difficult to realize experimentally. Here, we identify the first 2D Honeycomb-Kagome (HK) lattice, Mn-Cyanogen, as a new single-spin nodal-ring material by using first-principles calculations. Mn-Cyanogen shows gapless and semiconducting properties in spin-up and spin-down orientations, respectively, indicating a spin-gapless semiconductor nature. Remarkably, a spin-polarized nodal ring induced by px,y/pz band inversion is captured from the 3D band structure, which is irrelevant to spin-orbit coupling. The origin of the single-spin nodal-ring can be further clarified by the effective tight-binding (TB) model. These results open a new avenue to achieving spin-polarized nodal-ring materials with promising applications in spintronic devices.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(50): 43962-43969, 2018 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474373

RESUMO

Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in topological insulators (TIs) is a very interesting phenomenon and has received extensive attention in two-dimensional (2D) materials. However, the coexistence of Rashba SOC and band topology, especially for materials with a square lattice, is still lacking. Here, by using first-principles calculations, we propose for the first time a SeTe monolayer as a 2D candidate with these novel properties. We find that the square lattice exhibits anisotropic band dispersions near the Fermi level and a Rashba effect related to large SOC and inversion asymmetry, which leads to a Dirac semimetal state. Another prominent feature is that SeTe can achieve a topological state under a tensile strain of only 1%, characterized by the Z2 invariant and helical edge states. Our findings demonstrate that SeTe is a promising material for novel electronic and spintronics applications.

14.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(9)2018 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30205466

RESUMO

Quantum Spin Hall (QSH) has potential applications in low energy consuming spintronic devices and has become a researching hotspot recently. It benefits from insulators feature edge states, topologically protected from backscattering by time-reversal symmetry. The properties of methyl functionalized silicene (SiCH3) have been investigated using first-principles calculations, which show QSH effect under reasonable strain. The origin of the topological characteristic of SiCH3, is mainly associated with the s-pxy orbitals band inversion at Γ point, whilst the band gap appears under the effect of spin-orbital coupling (SOC). The QSH phase of SiCH3 is confirmed by the topological invariant Z2 = 1, as well as helical edge states. The SiCH3 supported by hexagonal boron nitride (BN) film makes it possible to observe its non-trivial topological phase experimentally, due to the weak interlayer interaction. The results of this work provide a new potential candidate for two-dimensional honeycomb lattice spintronic devices in spintronics.

15.
Nanoscale ; 10(28): 13645-13651, 2018 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29985502

RESUMO

A Dirac half-metal material, which has a gapped band structure in one spin channel but Dirac cones in the other, combines two intriguing properties of 100% spin polarization and massless Dirac fermions and has recently started to attract increasing attention. In this work, using first-principles calculations we predict that the disodium carbide (Na2C) monolayer is an intrinsic 2p Dirac half-metal material with 12 fully spin-polarized and symmetry-protected Dirac cones, and a slightly gapped (53 meV) spin-polarized nodal line coexisting in one spin channel, leaving the other spin channel insulated with a gap of 1.9 eV. There are two kinds of Dirac cones in Na2C, protected by different crystalline symmetries, both of which are robust against biaxial strains (±5%) and spin-orbit coupling effects, with Fermi velocities of up to 5.2 × 105 m s-1. Ferromagnetism is mainly contributed to by the unpaired 2p electrons in the carbon, with a Curie temperature estimated to be 382 K, and the origin of the 2p magnetism could be explained by the superexchange mechanism between C2- anions with the Na+ cation as a bridge. Our results not only indicate a promising candidate for high-speed spintronic devices, but also reveal the hidden mechanism of the origin of symmetric protection and ferromagnetic exchange interactions in a Dirac semi-metal, which would provide a feasible strategy for the design of Dirac materials.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(10): 7361-7362, 2018 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29487926

RESUMO

Correction for 'Prediction of topological property in TlPBr2 monolayer with appreciable Rashba effect' by Min Yuan et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 4308-4316.

17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(3)2018 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29509699

RESUMO

Electronic and topological properties of two-dimensional germanene modified by functional group X (X = H, F, OH, CH3) at full coverage are studied with first-principles calculation. Without considering the effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOC), all functionalized configurations become semiconductors, removing the Dirac cone at K point in pristine germanene. We also find that their band gaps can be especially well tuned by an external strain. When the SOC is switched on, GeX (X = H, CH3) is a normal insulator and strain leads to a phase transition to a topological insulator (TI) phase. However, GeX (X = F, OH) becomes a TI with a large gap of 0.19 eV for X = F and 0.24 eV for X = OH, even without external strains. More interestingly, when all these functionalized monolayers form a bilayer structure, semiconductor-metal states are observed. All these results suggest a possible route of modulating the electronic properties of germanene and promote applications in nanoelectronics.

18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(6): 4308-4316, 2018 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29367965

RESUMO

A quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulator with high stability, large bulk band gap and tunable topological properties is crucial for both fundamental research and practical application due to the presence of dissipationless edge conducting channels. Recently, chemical functionalization has been proposed as an effective route to realize the QSH effect. Based on first-principles calculations, we predict that a two-dimensional TlP monolayer would convert into a topological insulator with the effect of bromination, accompanied by a large bulk band gap of 76.5 meV, which meets the requirement for room-temperature application. The topological nature is verified by the calculation of Z2 topological invariant and helical edge states. Meanwhile, an appreciable Rashba spin splitting of 77.2 meV can be observed. The bulk band gap can be effectively tuned with external strain and electric field, while the Rashba spin splitting shows a parabolic variation trend under an external electric field. We find that the topological property is available for the TlP film when the coverage rate is more than 0.75. BN and SiC are demonstrated as promising substrates to support the topological nature of TlPBr2 film. Our findings suggest that a TlPBr2 monolayer is an appropriate candidate for hosting the nontrivial topological state and controllable Rashba spin splitting, and shows great potential applications in spintronics.

19.
Environ Microbiol ; 20(2): 632-644, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29124849

RESUMO

Interactions between bacteria and phytoplankton during bloom events are essential for both partners, which impacts their physiology, alters ambient chemistry and shapes ecosystem diversity. Here, we investigated the community structure and metabolic activities of free-living bacterioplankton in different blooming phases of a dinoflagellate Prorocentrum donghaiense using a metaproteomic approach. The Fibrobacteres-Chlorobi-Bacteroidetes group, Rhodobacteraceae, SAR11 and SAR86 clades contributed largely to the bacterial community in the middle-blooming phase while the Pseudoalteromonadaceae exclusively dominated in the late-blooming phase. Transporters and membrane proteins, especially TonB-dependent receptors were highly abundant in both blooming phases. Proteins involved in carbon metabolism, energy metabolism and stress response were frequently detected in the middle-blooming phase while proteins participating in proteolysis and central carbon metabolism were abundant in the late-blooming phase. Beta-glucosidase with putative algicidal capability was identified from the Pseudoalteromonadaceae only in the late-blooming phase, suggesting an active role of this group in lysing P. donghaiense cells. Our results indicated that diverse substrate utilization strategies and different capabilities for environmental adaptation among bacteria shaped their distinct niches in different bloom phases, and certain bacterial species from the Pseudoalteromonadaceae might be crucial for the termination of a dinoflagellate bloom.


Assuntos
Dinoflagelados/metabolismo , Proteoma , Carbono/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Eutrofização , Gammaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Fitoplâncton/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/metabolismo , Água do Mar
20.
Environ Microbiol ; 20(2): 477-491, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28925544

RESUMO

Viral concentrates (VCs), containing bioinformative DNA and proteins, have been used to study viral diversity, viral metagenomics and virus-host interactions in natural ecosystems. Besides viruses, VCs also contain many noncellular biological components including diverse functional proteins. Here, we used a shotgun proteomic approach to characterize the proteins of VCs collected from the oligotrophic deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) of the South China Sea. Proteins of viruses infecting picophytoplankton, that is, cyanobacteria and prasinophytes, and heterotrophic bacterioplankton, such as SAR11 and SAR116, dominated the viral proteome. Almost no proteins from RNA viruses or known gene transfer agents were detected, suggesting that they were not abundant at the sampling site. Remarkably, nonviral proteins made up about two thirds of VC proteins, including overwhelmingly abundant periplasmic transporters for nutrient acquisition and proteins for diverse cellular processes, that is, translation, energy metabolism and one carbon metabolism. Interestingly, three 56 kDa selenium-binding proteins putatively involved in peroxide reduction from gammaproteobacteria were abundant in the VCs, suggesting active removal of peroxide compounds at DCM. Our study demonstrated that metaproteomics provides a valuable avenue to explore the diversity and structure of the viral community and also the pivotal biological functions affiliated with microbes in the natural environment.


Assuntos
Proteínas Periplásmicas/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/virologia , Proteínas Virais/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/virologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Clorofila , Cianobactérias/virologia , Gammaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Oceanos e Mares , Plâncton/virologia , Proteômica , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Selênio/isolamento & purificação
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