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1.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506618

RESUMO

AIMS : This study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics and long-term survival outcome in patients with Takayasu's arteritis-associated pulmonary hypertension (TA-PH). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a nationally representative cohort study of TA-PH using data from the National Rare Diseases Registry System of China. Patients with pulmonary artery involvement who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of Takayasu's arteritis and pulmonary hypertension were included. The primary outcome was the time from diagnosis of TA-PH to the occurrence of all-cause death. Between January 2007 and January 2019, a total of 140 patients were included, with a mean age of 41.4 years at diagnosis, and a female predominance (81%). Patients with TA-PH had severely haemodynamic and functional impairments at diagnosis. Significant improvements have been found in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and haemodynamic profiles in patients with TA-PH receiving drugs approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates in TA-PH were 94.0%, 83.2%, and 77.2%, respectively. Predictors associated with an increased risk of all-cause death were syncope [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 5.38 (95% confidence interval 1.77-16.34), P = 0.003], NT-proBNP level [adjusted HR 1.04 (1.03-1.06), P < 0.001], and mean right atrial pressure [adjusted HR 1.07 (1.01-1.13), P = 0.015]. CONCLUSION : Patients with TA-PH were predominantly female and had severely compromised haemodynamics. More than 80% of patients in our cohort survived for at least 3 years. Medical treatment was based on investigators' personal opinions, and no clear risk-to-benefit ratio can be derived from the presented data.

2.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the association between cognition and brain volume associated with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between cognition and brain volume and neuroimaging markers of CSVD in a community-dwelling population. METHODS: Participants (n = 993, age≥35 years) from the community-based Shunyi Study were included to investigate the association between neuroimaging markers and cognition cross-sectionally. Magnetic resonance imaging markers included brain volume measurements of the total cerebrum, white matter, gray matter, and CSVD imaging markers. Cognitive performance was assessed using neuropsychological tests of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Fuld Object Memory, digit span, Trail Making Test (TMT)-A, and TMT-B. RESULTS: For brain volume measurement, subcortical white matter fraction was positively associated with MMSE score (ß= 0.034, p = 0.0062) and MoCA score (ß= 0.034, p = 0.0174), and negatively associated with TMT-A and TMT-B completion time (ß= -2.319, p = 0.0002; ß= -2.827, p = 0.0073, respectively). For evaluation of CSVD imaging markers, the presence of lacunes was positively associated with TMT-B completion time (ß= 17.241, p = 0.0028). CONCLUSION: In community-dwelling populations, reduced white matter volumes, as a consequence of aging and vascular damage, are associated with worse global cognition and executive function. Our findings provide potential insights into the correlation between cognition and CSVD-associated subcortical white matter injury.

4.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA120032265, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Researches on rare variants of NOTCH3 in the general Chinese population are lacking. This study aims to describe the spectrum of rare NOTCH3 variants by whole-exome sequencing in a Chinese community-based cohort and to investigate the association between rare NOTCH3 variants and age-related cerebral small vessel disease. METHODS: The cross-sectional study comprised 1065 participants who underwent whole-exome sequencing and brain magnetic resonance imaging. NOTCH3 variants with minor allele frequency<1% in all 4 public population databases (1000 Genomes, ESP6500siv2_ALL, GnomAD_ALL, and GnomAD_EAS) were defined as rare variants. Multivariable linear and logistic regressions were used to investigate the associations between rare NOTCH3 variants and volume of white matter hyperintensities and cerebral small vessel disease burden. Clinical and imaging characteristics of rare NOTCH3 variant carriers were summarized. RESULTS: Sixty-five rare NOTCH3 variants were identified in 147 of 1065 (13.8%) participants, including 57 missense single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 5 SNPs in splice branching sites, and 3 frameshift deletions. A significantly higher volume of white matter hyperintensities and heavier burden of cerebral small vessel disease was found in carriers of rare NOTCH3 EGFr (epidermal growth factor-like repeats)-involving variants, but not in carriers of EGFr-sparing variants. The carrying rate of rare EGFr-involving NOTCH3 variants in participants with dementia or stroke was significantly higher than those without dementia or stroke (12.4% versus 6.6%, P=0.041). Magnetic resonance imaging signs suggestive of CADASIL were found in 3.4% (5/145) rare EGFr cysteine-sparing NOTCH3 variant carriers but not in 2 cysteine-altering NOTCH3 variant carriers. CONCLUSIONS: Carriers of rare NOTCH3 variants involving the EGFr domain may be genetically predisposed to age-related cerebral small vessel disease in the general Chinese population.

5.
Cell Res ; 31(8): 836-846, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34135479

RESUMO

Severe COVID-19 disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 is frequently accompanied by dysfunction of the lungs and extrapulmonary organs. However, the organotropism of SARS-CoV-2 and the port of virus entry for systemic dissemination remain largely unknown. We profiled 26 COVID-19 autopsy cases from four cohorts in Wuhan, China, and determined the systemic distribution of SARS-CoV-2. SARS-CoV-2 was detected in the lungs and multiple extrapulmonary organs of critically ill COVID-19 patients up to 67 days after symptom onset. Based on organotropism and pathological features of the patients, COVID-19 was divided into viral intrapulmonary and systemic subtypes. In patients with systemic viral distribution, SARS-CoV-2 was detected in monocytes, macrophages, and vascular endothelia at blood-air barrier, blood-testis barrier, and filtration barrier. Critically ill patients with long disease duration showed decreased pulmonary cell proliferation, reduced viral RNA, and marked fibrosis in the lungs. Permanent SARS-CoV-2 presence and tissue injuries in the lungs and extrapulmonary organs suggest direct viral invasion as a mechanism of pathogenicity in critically ill patients. SARS-CoV-2 may hijack monocytes, macrophages, and vascular endothelia at physiological barriers as the ports of entry for systemic dissemination. Our study thus delineates systemic pathological features of SARS-CoV-2 infection, which sheds light on the development of novel COVID-19 treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autopsia , COVID-19/virologia , China , Estudos de Coortes , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Fibrose , Hospitalização , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Rim/virologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Baço/patologia , Baço/virologia , Traqueia/patologia , Traqueia/virologia
6.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with both intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) and imaging markers of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) in a community-based sample. METHODS: This study included 943 participants (aged 55.6±9.2 years, 36.1% male) from the community-based Shunyi cohort study. MetS was defined according to the joint interim criteria and quantified by the MetS severity Z-score. ICAS was evaluated by brain magnetic resonance angiography. The MRI markers of CSVD, including white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), lacunes, cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS), were assessed. Multiple regression models were used to investigate the association of MetS severity Z-score with ICAS and these CSVD markers. RESULTS: We found that risk of ICAS (OR=1.75, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.21, p<0.001) increased consistently with MetS severity. MetS severity was significantly associated with higher risks of WMH volume (ß=0.11, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.20, p=0.02) and lacunes (OR=1.28, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.59, p=0.03) but not the presence of CMBs (OR=0.93, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.16, p=0.51) and PVS severity (EPVS in basal ganglia: OR=0.96, 95% CI 0.84 to 1.09, p=0.51 and EPVS in white matter: OR=1.09, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.23, p=0.21). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that WMH and lacunes share risk factors with atherosclerosis of the cerebral artery, whereas the impact of glucose and lipid metabolic disorder to CMB or EPVS might be weak.

7.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(9): 1469-1488, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787090

RESUMO

Perioperative adjuvant treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In particular, the success of immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as antibodies against PD-1 and PD-L1, in patients with lung cancer has increased our expectations for the success of these therapeutics as neoadjuvant immunotherapy. Neoadjuvant therapy is widely used in patients with resectable stage IIIA NSCLC and can reduce primary tumor and lymph node stage, improve the complete resection rate, and eliminate microsatellite foci; however, complete pathological response is rare. Moreover, because the clinical benefit of neoadjuvant therapy is not obvious and may complicate surgery, it has not yet entered the mainstream of clinical treatment. Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancellation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. In this article, we draw on several sources of information, including (i) guidelines on adverse reactions related to immune checkpoint inhibitors, (ii) published data from large-scale clinical studies in thoracic surgery, and (iii) practical experience and published cases, to provide clinical recommendations on adverse events in NSCLC patients induced by perioperative immunotherapy.

8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 80(2): 567-576, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanisms through which arterial stiffness impacts cognitive function are crucial for devising better strategies to prevent cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of arterial stiffness with white matter integrity and cognition in community dwellings, and to investigate whether white matter injury was the intermediate of the associations between arterial stiffness and cognition. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis on 952 subjects (aged 55.5±9.1 years) who underwent diffusion tensor imaging and measurement of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Both linear regression and tract-based spatial statistics were used to investigate the association between baPWV and white matter integrity. The association between baPWV and global cognitive function, measured as the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) was evaluated. Mediation analysis was performed to assess the influence of white matter integrity on the association of baPWV with MMSE. RESULTS: Increased baPWV was significantly associated with lower mean global fractional anisotropy (ß= -0.118, p < 0.001), higher mean diffusivity (ß= 0.161, p < 0.001), axial diffusivity (ß= 0.160, p < 0.001), and radial diffusivity (ß= 0.147, p < 0.001) after adjustment of age, sex, and hypertension, which were measures having a direct effect on arterial stiffness and white matter integrity. After adjustment of age, sex, education, apolipoprotein E ɛ4, cardiovascular risk factors, and brain atrophy, we found an association of increased baPWV with worse performance on MMSE (ß= -0.093, p = 0.011). White matter disruption partially mediated the effect of baPWV on MMSE. CONCLUSION: Arterial stiffness is associated with white matter disruption and cognitive decline. Reduced white matter integrity partially explained the effect of arterial stiffness on cognition.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Rigidez Vascular , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anisotropia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , China , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
Int J Cardiol ; 331: 91-99, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular apex (RVA) is still the most common implanted site in the world. There are a large number of RVA pacing population who have been carrying dual-chamber permanent pacemaker (PPM) over decades. Comparison of left ventricular dyssynchrony, morphology and systolic function between RVA pacing population and healthy population is unknown. METHOD: This case-control study enrolled 61 patients suffered from complete atrioventricular block (III°AVB) for replacement of dual-chamber PPM. Then, 61 healthy controls matched with PPM patients in gender, age, follow-up duration and complications were included. The lead impedance, pacing threshold and sensing were compared between at implantation and long-term follow-up. Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, morphology and systolic function were compared between RVA pacing population (RVA group) and healthy population (healthy group) at implantation (baseline) and follow-up. And clarify the predictors of LV systolic function in RVA group at follow-up. RESULTS: After 112.44 ± 34.94 months of follow-up, comparing with parameters at implantation, atrial lead impedance decreased significantly (690 ± 2397 Ω vs 613 ± 2257 Ω, p = 0.048); atrial pacing threshold has a increased trend and P-wave amplitude has a decreased trend, but there was no statistical differences; while, RVA ventricular lead threshold increased significantly (0.50 ± 0.23 V vs 0.91 ± 0.47 V, p < 0.001), impedance (902 ± 397 Ω vs 680 ± 257 Ω,p < 0.001) and R-wave amplitude (11.71 ± 9.40mv vs 7.00 ± 6.91 mv, p < 0.001) decreased significantly. Compared with healthy group, long-term RVA pacing significantly increased ventricular dyssynchrony (mean QRS duration, 156.21 ± 29.80 ms vs 97.08 ± 15.70 ms, p < 0.001), left atrium diameter (LAD, 40.61 ± 6.15 mm vs 37.49 ± 4.80 mm,p = 0.002), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD, 49.15 ± 5.93 mm vs 46.41 ± 3.80 mm,p = 0.003), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVMI, 121.86 ± 41.52 g/m2 vs 98.41 ± 25.29 g/m2,p < 0.001), significantly deteriorated degree of tricuspid regurgitation (p < 0.001), and significantly decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, 61.38 ± 8.10% vs 64.64 ± 5.85%, p = 0.012), but after long-term RVA pacing, the mean LVEF was still more than 50%. Long-term RVA group LVEF was negatively correlated with preimplantation LVMI (B = -0.055,t = -2.244,p = 0.029), LVMI at follow-up (B = -0.081,t = -3.864,p = 0.000) and tricuspid regurgitation at follow-up (B = -3.797,t = -3.599,p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, although long-term RVA pacing has significantly effects on left ventricular dyssynchrony, morphology and systolic function in III°AVB patients, the mean LVEF is still >50%. High preimplantation LVMI can predict the decline of LVEF.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Sci China Life Sci ; 64(9): 1473-1480, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439457

RESUMO

We aimed to assess the associations of large artery stenosis (LAS) and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) with the risk of ischemic stroke and to investigate their respective and combined contributions. In the prospective population-based Shunyi Study, 1,082 stroke-free participants aged 55.9±9.1 years were included. Participants were followed for incident stroke throughout the study period (2013-2019). Total small vessel disease score was used to measure CSVD burden. Cervico-cerebral large artery stenosis was evaluated via brain magnetic resonance angiography and carotid ultrasound. We estimated the risk of ischemic stroke in relation to LAS and CSVD with Cox regression models. During a mean follow-up of 4.2 years, 34 participants (3.1%) experienced at least one ischemic stroke. Severe LAS (≥50% stenosis versus no stenosis: HR=3.27 (95% CI: 1.31-8.18)) and high CSVD burden (total small vessel disease score 2-4 versus 0 point: HR=12.73 (4.83-33.53)) were associated with increased stroke risk independently. In multivariate models, CSVD burden (7.72%) explained a larger portion of the variation in stroke risk than severity of LAS (3.49%). Our findings identified that both LAS and CSVD were associated with future ischemic stroke in asymptomatic subjects, while those with high CSVD burden deserve more attention in primary prevention of stroke.

11.
Heart Fail Rev ; 26(3): 521-529, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443725

RESUMO

Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) is recognized as an effective adjuvant therapy for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF + SDB). In recent years, some studies have found that adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) has a negative impact on survival, especially among patients with central sleep apnea (CSA), the use of which is controversial. This study aims to explore the effects of NPPV on cardiac function and survival in patients with sleep-disordered breathing and chronic congestive heart failure. This meta-analysis was based on literature searches of publications published before August 31, 2019, in the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. A total of 88 independent studies were summarized and compared, comprising a sampling of 19,259 subjects. Compared with the nontreatment group, treatment with ASV had no effect on all-cause mortality in patients with HFrEF + CSA (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.13 [0.84, 1.51]). Short-term treatment with ASV, e.g., 3-6 months, was significantly beneficial regarding event-free survival in patients with HFrEF + CSA (HR = 0.13 [0.04, 0.45]). Periodic short-term (e.g., 3-6 months) positive-pressure ventilation can significantly improve cardiac function, which is beneficial for the survival of patients with HFrEF + CSA. Attention should be paid to the length and period of treatment, as prolonged treatment may have negative effects.

12.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; 41(3): 561-568, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312169

RESUMO

Our aim is to investigate whether vascular risk factors are associated with cerebral deep medullary veins (DMVs) and whether DMVs are associated with MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) or risk of stroke. In a community-based cohort of 1056 participants (mean age 55.7 years), DMVs were identified on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) and counted in periventricular regions. Neuroimaging markers including lacunes, whiter matter hyperintensity (WMH), microbleeds, enlarged perivascular space, and brain atrophy were evaluated. The number of DMVs decreased with age (p = 0.007). After adjusting for age and sex, the number of DMVs was not associated with traditional vascular risk factors. Fewer DMVs was associated with increase of WMH and lacunes, but the association vanished after adjustment for vascular risk factors. However, fewer DMVs were independently associated with brain atrophy (p < 0.001). DMVs were not associated with three-year risk of stroke. Our results suggest that DMV is significantly different from other MRI markers of CSVD regarding risk factors, association with other CSVD markers, and risk of stroke. Nonetheless, the significant association between DMV and brain atrophy suggested the potential role of venules in age-related neurodegenerative process, which deserves further investigation.

13.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 28(3): 283-292, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536634

RESUMO

AIMS: The relationship between central arterial stiffness and aging-related intracranial arteriopathy is not well investigated in the general population. In a population-based study, we investigated arterial stiffness in relation to intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis and intracranial arterial dolichoectasia. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis on 1,123 subjects (aged 56.0±9.3 years, 37.9% men) of the population-based Shunyi study in China. Arterial stiffness was assessed by measuring brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis and intracranial arterial dolichoectasia were evaluated via brain magnetic resonance angiography. Multivariate regression models were constructed to investigate the association between baPWV and intracranial large artery diseases. RESULTS: Increased baPWV was significantly associated with higher prevalence of intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (odds ratio for the highest quartile of baPWV compared with the lowest quartile, 3.66 [95% confidence interval, 1.57- 8.54]), after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors in multivariate analysis. BaPWV was not associated with the presence of basilar artery dolichoectasia and dilation of basilar artery and internal carotid artery. When the diameters of intracranial arteries were regarded as continuous variables, increased baPWV was inversely related to the internal carotid artery diameter in fully adjusted models (ß±SE, -0.083±0.042, p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: This population-based study demonstrates that arterial stiffness was more likely associated with intracranial stenotic arteriopathy other than intracranial dilative arteriopathy.

14.
Aging Dis ; 11(6): 1623-1639, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269111

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive cardiovascular disease characterized by pulmonary vasculature reconstruction and right ventricular dysfunction. The mortality rate of PAH remains high, although multiple therapeutic strategies have been implemented in clinical practice. These drugs mainly target the endothelin-1, prostacyclin and nitric oxide pathways. Management for PAH treatment includes improving symptoms, enhancing quality of life, and extending survival rate. Existing drugs developed to treat the disease have resulted in enormous economic and healthcare liabilities. The estimated cost for advanced PAH has exceeded $200,000 per year. The pathogenesis of PAH is associated with numerous molecular processes. It mainly includes germline mutation, inflammation, dysfunction of pulmonary arterial endothelial cells, epigenetic modifications, DNA damage, metabolic dysfunction, sex hormone imbalance, and oxidative stress, among others. Findings based on the pathobiology of PAH may have promising therapeutic outcomes. Hence, faced with the challenges of increasing healthcare demands, in this review, we attempted to explore the pathological mechanisms and alternative therapeutic targets, including other auxiliary devices or interventional therapies, in PAH. The article will discuss the potential therapies of PAH in detail, which may require further investigation before implementation.

15.
Sci Adv ; 6(50)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298433

RESUMO

DNA methylation plays critical roles in vascular pathology of pulmonary hypertension (PH). The underlying mechanism, however, remains undetermined. Here, we demonstrate that global DNA methylation was elevated in the lungs of PH rat models after monocrotaline administration or hypobaric hypoxia exposure. We showed that DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) was up-regulated in both PH patients and rodent models. Furthermore, Dnmt3b -/- rats exhibited more severe pulmonary vascular remodeling. Consistently, inhibition of DNMT3B promoted proliferation/migration of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in response to platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB). In contrast, overexpressing DNMT3B in PASMCs attenuated PDGF-BB-induced proliferation/migration and ameliorated hypoxia-mediated PH and right ventricular hypertrophy in mice. We also showed that DNMT3B transcriptionally regulated inflammatory pathways. Our results reveal that DNMT3B is a previously undefined mediator in the pathogenesis of PH, which couples epigenetic regulations with vascular remodeling and represents a therapeutic target to tackle PH.

16.
World J Virol ; 9(3): 38-46, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) happened in early December and it has affected China in more ways than one. The societal response to the pandemic restricted medical students to their homes. Although students cannot learn about COVID-19 through clinical practice, they can still pay attention to news of COVID-19 through various channels. Although, as suggested by previous studies, some medical students have already volunteered to serve during the COVID-19 pandemic, the overall willingness of Chinese medical students to volunteer for such has not been systematically examined. AIM: To study Chinese medical students' interest in the relevant knowledge on COVID-19 and what roles they want to play in the pandemic. METHODS: Medical students at Peking Union Medical College were surveyed via a web-based questionnaire to obtain data on the extent of interest in the relevant knowledge on COVID-19, attitude towards volunteerism in the pandemic, and career preference. Logistic regression modeling was used to investigate possible factors that could encourage volunteerism among this group in a pandemic. RESULTS: A total of 552 medical students responded. Most medical students showed a huge interest in COVID-19. The extent of students' interest in COVID-19 varied among different student-classes (P < 0.05). Senior students had higher scores than the other two classes. The number of people who were 'glad to volunteer' in COVID-19 represented 85.6% of the respondents. What these students expressed willingness to undertake involved direct, indirect, and administrative job activities. Logistic regression analysis identified two factors that negatively influenced volunteering in the pandemic: Student-class and hazards of the voluntary job. Factors that positively influenced volunteering were time to watch COVID-19 news, predictable impact on China, and moral responsibility. CONCLUSION: More innovative methods can be explored to increase Chinese medical students' interest in reading about the relevant knowledge on COVID-19 and doing voluntary jobs during the pandemic.

17.
Front Neurol ; 11: 572006, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101180

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) are X-linked recessive neuromuscular disorders caused by mutations in DMD. A high-quality database of DMD/BMD is essential not only for clinical practice but also for fundamental research. Here, we aimed to build the largest Chinese national dystrophinopathy database using the National Rare Diseases Registry System of China. Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) was the National Rare Diseases Center of China. This research involved 2013 patients with dystrophinopathies, whose diagnoses were confirmed; they were registered and followed up at PUMCH from March 2011 to December 2018. Family history, clinical signs, and treatment data were reported for patients with DMD and BMD at different rates. All six serum biochemical indexes could accurately distinguish between DMD and BMD patients. Copy number variations were the most frequent mutation type (79.2% in DMD and 84.3% in BMD), of which large deletions accounted for 88.4 and 88.6%, large duplications accounted for 11.6 and 11.4% in DMD and BMD, respectively. An exon deletion hotspot, located in exons 45-54, was observed in DMD, and intron 44 was the most frequent deletion starting point (26.5%). Duplication and single nucleotide variations appeared to be uniformly distributed among all exons. Eleven patients were identified to have ultrarare mutation types. Eleven other patients suffered from two separate mutations simultaneously, some of which may have taken place via dependent mechanisms. Thus, we have established the largest hospital-based Chinese dystrophinopathy database via the National Rare Diseases Registry System. This study provides valuable information for further diagnostic and therapeutic studies of dystrophinopathy.

18.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 554, 2020 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the epidemiology and in-hospital mortality of veno-venous (VV) and veno-arterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in Mainland China throughout 2018. METHODS: Patients supported by ECMO from 1700 tertiary hospitals in 31 provinces from January 1 to December 31, 2018, were selected from the National Clinical Improvement System database. RESULTS: The 1700 included hospitals had 2073 cases of ECMO in 2018, including 714 VV and 1359 VA ECMOs. The average patient age was 50 years (IQR 31-63), and 1346 were male. The average hospital stay was 17 days (IQR 7-30), and the average costs per case was $36,334 (IQR 22,547-56,714). The three provinces with the highest number of ECMO cases were Guangdong, Beijing, and Zhejiang; the southeast coastal areas and regions with higher GDP levels had more cases. Overall in-hospital mortality was 29.6%. Mortality was higher among patients who were male, over 70 years old, living in underdeveloped areas, and who were treated during the summer. Mortality in provinces with more ECMO cases was relatively low. The co-existence of congenital malformations, blood system abnormalities, or nervous system abnormalities increased in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Mortality and medical expenses of ECMO among patients in China were relatively low, but large regional and seasonal differences were present. Risk factors for higher in-hospital mortality were older age, male sex, in underdeveloped areas, and treatment during the summer. Additionally, congenital malformations and blood system and nervous system abnormalities were associated with in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/terapia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/normas , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21337, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791732

RESUMO

This study aim is to enhance the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) and to determine what factors can affect survival of the disease in China.We report here 8 patients with DSRCT in our center who received a variety of treatment methods. By reviewing the literature published from Chinese database (CNKI, WANGFAN, VIP, CBM, CMCC) in 2000 to 2015 with the terms of "dsrct", "desmoplastic" and "small round-cell tumor",104 eligible cases of DSRCT(including 8 cases in our hospital) were retrospectively analyzed.Among the 104 patients, Median age was 24 years with a range of 15 to 54 years. The main primary tumor site was the abdomen and/or pelvis in 92/104 patients (88.5%). Only 25% of patients had localized disease. Most of the patients had received adjuvant chemotherapy (87.5%) and 76.9% patients had not experienced adjuvant radiotherapy. One-fourth of the patients underwent grossly complete surgical resection, and 33.7% and 41.3% patients received no surgery and incomplete surgical resection, respectively. Median overall survival for all patients was 26 months (95% CI: 20.29-31.71). Multivariate analysis revealed that Metastatic status (HR: 2.327, 95% CI: 1.136-4.768, P = .021), Surgical patterns (HR: 0.673, 95% CI: 0.487-0.928, P = .016), and Adjuvant chemotherapy (HR: 0.337, 95% CI: 0.167-0.678, P = .002) were significant independent prognostic factors for longer overall survival. It was noteworthy that CD99 were significantly associated with OS (P = .002).Here, we identified the prognostic factors which may facilitate risk-adapted treatments for this rare DSRCT group, which should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Abdome/patologia , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/patologia , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/terapia , Pelve/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/tendências , Antígeno 12E7/metabolismo , Adulto , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , China/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/metabolismo , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/mortalidade , Humanos , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Eur Respir J ; 56(5)2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513782

RESUMO

Pathological mechanisms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remain largely unexplored. Effective treatment of PAH remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to discover the underlying mechanism of PAH through functional metabolomics and to help develop new strategies for prevention and treatment of PAH.Metabolomic profiling of plasma in patients with idiopathic PAH was evaluated through high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, with spermine identified to be the most significant and validated in another independent cohort. The roles of spermine and spermine synthase were examined in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and rodent models of pulmonary hypertension.Using targeted metabolomics, plasma spermine levels were found to be higher in patients with idiopathic PAH compared to healthy controls. Spermine administration promoted proliferation and migration of PASMCs and exacerbated vascular remodelling in rodent models of pulmonary hypertension. The spermine-mediated deteriorative effect can be attributed to a corresponding upregulation of its synthase in the pathological process. Inhibition of spermine synthase in vitro suppressed platelet-derived growth factor-BB-mediated proliferation of PASMCs, and in vivo attenuated monocrotaline-mediated pulmonary hypertension in rats.Plasma spermine promotes pulmonary vascular remodelling. Inhibiting spermine synthesis could be a therapeutic strategy for PAH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glicogênio Sintase , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Espermina , Remodelação Vascular
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