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1.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(2): 338-348, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism underpinning the effect of Chaihu Shugan San ( CHSGS) on major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We searched the compound components of from seven herbal ingredients of CHSGS from TCMSP, SymMap, ETCM, NPASS databases, and the chemical structure of the compound from PubChem, and collected the compound targets from TCMSP and TargetNet databases, and MDD-related targets from DiseaseGene Network. We established protein-protein interaction in the STRING database. Through gene mapping, topology analysis and enrichment analysis, the core targets and pathways of CHSGS for MDD, and the involved biological processes (BP), cell components (CC), and molecular functions (MF) were predicted. RESULTS: We collected a total of 1135 CHSGS compounds. After screening by ADME standards and the five rules of Ribinski, we obtained 99 different chemical components with different chemical structures, and related targets of 183 different CHSGS compounds. In the DiseaseGene Network, a total of 740 relevant targets for MDD were collected. Through gene mapping and topological analysis, 62 related targets of CHSGS for MDD, 24 targets with topological Chinese herbal medicine were obtained. Through enrichment analysis, 10 relevant pathways and 3 core pathways were obtained with the involvement of 127 BP, 27 CC, and 43 MF. CONCLUSION: There are multiple targets and signaling pathways are involved in the action of CHSGS in the treatment of MDD.

2.
J Biol Chem ; : 100624, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812996

RESUMO

The reduction of insulin resistance or improvement of insulin sensitivity is the most effective treatment for type 2 diabetes (T2D). We previously reported that Nogo-B receptor (NGBR), encoded by the NUS1 gene, is required for attenuating hepatic lipogenesis by blocking nuclear translocation of liver X receptor alpha, suggesting its important role in regulating hepatic lipid metabolism. Herein, we demonstrate that NGBR expression was decreased in liver of obesity-associated T2D patients and db/db mice. NGBR knockout in mouse hepatocytes resulted in increased blood glucose, insulin resistance and beta-cell loss. High-fat diet (HFD)/streptozotocin (STZ)-treated mice presented the T2D phenotype by showing increased non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and triglyceride (TG) in liver and plasma, and increased insulin resistance and beta-cell loss. AAV-mediated NGBR overexpression in the liver reduced NEFA and TG in liver and circulation, and improved liver functions. Consequently, HFD/STZ-treated mice with hepatic NGBR overexpression had increased insulin sensitivity and reduced beta-cell loss. Mechanistically, NGBR overexpression restored insulin signaling of AMPKα1-dependent phosphorylation of AKT and GSK3ß. NGBR overexpression also reduced expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-associated genes in liver and skeletal muscle to improve insulin sensitivity. Together, our results reveal that NGBR is required to ameliorate T2D in mice, providing new insight into the role of hepatic NGBR in insulin sensitivity and T2D treatment.

4.
Phytother Res ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792976

RESUMO

Melanoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling has been demonstrated to be a therapeutic target for melanoma. Dauricine (Dau), an alkaloid compound isolated from the root of Menispermum dauricum DC., has shown tumor-suppressing effects in multiple human cancers, but its potential in melanoma remains unexplored. In this study, we demonstrated that Dau significantly inhibited the viability and proliferation of A375 and A2058 melanoma cells. Death of melanoma cells was also markedly promoted by Dau. Moreover, Dau inhibited phosphorylation-mediated activation of STAT3 and Src in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, constitutive activation of Src partially abolished the antiproliferative and cytotoxic activities of Dau on melanoma cells. Molecular docking showed that Dau could dock on the kinase domain of Src with a binding energy of -10.42 kcal/mol. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that Src-Dau binding was stable. Surface plasmon resonance imaging analysis also showed that Dau has a strong binding affinity to Src. In addition, Dau suppressed the growth of melanoma cells and downregulated the activation of Src/STAT3 in a xenograft model in vivo. These data demonstrated that Dau inhibits proliferation and promotes cell death in melanoma cells by inhibiting the Src/STAT3 pathways.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 215: 112102, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721664

RESUMO

Agricultural soils derived from black shale are typically enriched in potentially toxic metals. This is a serious problem, both in terms of the ecological environment and human health. To assess the levels of potentially toxic metals, 90 paired soil-crops samples were collected from the Anji Country, western Zhejiang province, a typical exposed black shale area in China. Concentrations and bioavailability of potentially toxic metals in the soil-crops system were measured, and the associated potential risks were further evaluated. Results showed the enrichment of potentially toxic metals (i.e. Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn and Ni) in the soil and crop samples, especially a significant accumulation of Cd. Sequential extraction data indicated that Cd in soils derived from black shale was the second most dominant element in the exchangeable fraction (mean at 33.42%) and possessed high bioavailability, whereas Pb was mostly retained in the residual fraction (mean at 76.34%) and exhibited low mobility. The total concentration as well as mobility and bioavailability of Cd were the highest in the sampled soils. This resulted in a high potential ecological risk in areas with agricultural soils derived from black shale, which could eventually jeopardize the health of local residents through various exposure pathways. Overall, our findings provide a scientific basis for developing suitable management strategies to mitigate the exposure to potentially toxic metals in high risk areas.

6.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 162, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has seriously threatened the health and lives of people. This study aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on the oral health of adults in Wuhan and other places of China amid the epidemic and to evaluate attitudes towards dental care in the post-epidemic period. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey based on a questionnaire of 22 questions was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 3352 valid questionnaires were collected. Participants from Wuhan tended to be relatively psychologically affected and more concerned about future dental treatment. Toothbrushing frequency did not differ significantly between participants from Wuhan and other places and was associated with the prevalence of oral problems people encountered. Gingival bleeding, bad breath and oral ulcers were the three most common oral problems amid the epidemic, and significantly more participants in Wuhan experienced oral problems than other places in China. CONCLUSION: The three most common oral problems amid the epidemic were gingival bleeding, bad breath and oral ulcers. Adults in Wuhan tended to be more seriously affected and suffered more oral problems than people from other places in China. Maintaining good oral health behaviours plays an important role in preventing dental problems. It is crucial to establish and to follow the standard guidelines for the provision of dental care during and after the epidemic.


Assuntos
Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24569, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663064

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Lung cancer and pulmonary infections can have similar clinical and radiographic manifestations. Treatment for the coexistence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant pulmonary adenocarcinoma and tuberculosis remains unclear. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a case of EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma (mimicking pulmonary infections) that coexisted with pulmonary tuberculosis during the course of the disease. DIAGNOSES: The patient was initially diagnosed with pneumonia-like pulmonary adenocarcinoma with EGFR exon 19 deletions based on computed tomography scan, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, pathology, and genetic analysis, and then coexistence with active tuberculosis (TB) was confirmed via laboratory examinations and TB-DNA polymerase chain reaction. INTERVENTIONS: Antibiotics and gefitinib were administered initially. A combination of gefitinib and anti-TB treatment was then administered when active TB was confirmed, and osimertinib was then prescribed because the disease was progressive and EGFR T790 M mutation was detected. OUTCOMES: The patient has survived with a stable disease status to date. LESSONS: Exploring and ruling out differential diagnoses between pulmonary malignancies and infectious diseases is vital for treatment decisions and outcomes. The combined gefitinib-anti-TB regimen was safe, though it needed modification.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/complicações , Receptores ErbB/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Gefitinibe/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 900: 174020, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741381

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is one of the most common and deadly cancers among men and women and is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Thus, discovering and developing novel therapeutics for gastric cancer has become a global priority. In this study, we synthesized two novel anthraquinone-based aspirin derivatives, Asp-X3 and Asp-X3-CH3, with therapeutic potential for gastric cancer. The structures of the two compounds were determined by 1D, 2D-NMR, and High-Resolution Mass (HRSM). Asp-X3 and Asp-X3-CH3 could inhibit the growth of gastric cancer cells (SGC7901), yielding IC50 values 10-fold lower than that of Aspirin. Asp-X3 and Asp-X3-CH3 were less toxic to gastric mucosal cells, yielding IC50 values that were about 2-fold higher than the corresponding IC50 values determined with SGC7901 cells. Asp-X3-CH3 and Asp-X3 also induced SGC7901 cells to undergo apoptosis, yielding apoptotic rates that were about twice the rate induced by Aspirin. Asp-X3-CH3 did not cause significant loss of COX-1 expression in gastric mucosal cells, whereas Asp-X3 and Aspirin both caused significant loss of COX-1 expression as demonstrated by Western blot, consistent with their effects on the content of PGE2 in these cells as determined by ELISA assay. However, both Asp-X3-CH3 and Asp-X3 exerted a similar effect on the level of COX-2 in gastric cancer cells, causing as much as 90% and 95% reduction in COX-2 expression, respectively. Taken together, the results suggested that Asp-X3-CH3 and Asp-X3 were potentially better agents than Aspirin for the inhibition of gastric cancer cell growth, but Asp-X3-CH3 was more effective.

9.
Poult Sci ; 100(4): 101003, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676095

RESUMO

Previously, a fungus was isolated from a diseased pigeon group clinically suspected of being infected with Candida. The fungus was subsequently identified as Candida glabrata using morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology testing methods. In the present study, to determine the controlling effects of Chinese herbal medicine for C. glabrata, the bacteriostatic effects of the ethanol extracts Acorus gramineus, Sophora flavescens, Polygonum hydropiper, Cassia obtusifolia, Pulsatilla chinensis, Dandelion, and Cortex phellodendri on C. glabrata in vitro were analyzed. The results showed that the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC80) of Cortex phellodendri was 0.25 µg/µL. Meanwhile, that of S. flavescens was 32 µg/µL; C. obtusifolia was 56 µg/µL; A. gramineus and Polygonum hydropiper was 64 µg/µL; and P. chinensis was 112 µg/µL. However, MIC80 for Dandelion was undetectable. In addition, improved drug sensitivity tests revealed that colonies had grown after 24 h in the blank group, as well as the Polygonum hydropiper, P. chinensis, Dandelion, and ethanol groups. The colonies first appeared at the 48-hour point in the other drug-sensitive medium of Chinese herbal medicine. However, no colony growth was found in Cortex phellodendri medium, and the formation of the maximum colony diameter in that group was later than the blank group (e.g., 96 h in the blank group and 120 h in the Chinese herbal medicine group). It was observed that only 17 colony-forming units had grown in 125 µg/µL of the S. flavescens medium, which was significantly different from other groups. Also, the final colony diameter was significantly smaller than that of the other experimental groups. Therefore, it was determined that the A. gramineus, S. flavescens, Polygonum hydropiper, Cassia obtusifolia, P. chinensis, and Cortex phellodendri had certain inhibitory effects on the growth of the C. glabrata. Among those, it was observed that the Cortex phellodendri had the strongest inhibitory effects, followed by the S. flavescens. In the future, these Chinese herbal medicines are expected to be used to treat the fungal infections related to C. glabrata in poultry to improve production performance.

10.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(4): 1488-1498, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660044

RESUMO

The present work reported the complete genome sequence analysis of Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans strain XJFY6S-08 isolated from acid mine drainage in Fuyun copper mine in Xinjiang, China, revealing the potential for extreme environmental adaptation. The strain XJFY6S-08 possesses 3,161,380 bp in length and 56.55% GC content. Genomic analysis revealed that this strain harbors metal-tolerant genes coding for the mer operon, arsRBC operon and a variety of metal assimilation and efflux proteins. Genes coding for K+/H+ transporting ATPase and the Na+/H+ antiporter gene nhaA for pH adaptation were identified. The presence of genes associated with various DNA repair enzymes and the synthesis of mycosporine-like amino acids precursor support the UVR resistance mechanisms. The genes related to membrane modifications (ppiBCD, slyD, surA, cfa and fabF) and resistance-nodulation-division (RND) family can play a crucial role in organic solvents tolerance. The strain XJFY6S-08 resists low-temperature conditions by a set of mechanisms such as changes of RNA metabolism, transmembrane transport, compatible solutes and transport, biofilm and EPS formation, chemotaxis and motility and ROS scavenging. These findings can provide important information for further studying the comparative genome and environmental adaptation mechanism of A. ferrivorans.

12.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e931590, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704261

RESUMO

The authors repeated experiments and found that the results shown in figure 2 were not reproducible. Reference: Shuang-li Zhang, Bao-lin Li, Wei Li, Ming Lu, Lin-ying Ni, Hui-li Ma, Qing-gang Meng. The Effects of Ludartin on Cell Proliferation, Cell Migration, Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis Are Associated with Upregulation of p21WAF1 in Saos-2 Osteosarcoma Cells In Vitro. Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: LBR4926-4933. 10.12659/MSM.909193.

13.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 158, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neospora caninum is one of the main causes of abortion in pregnant animals. However, N. caninum-induced reproductive injury in male mice is still unclear. METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were infected with a bovine isolate of N. caninum, and the organ coefficients of the testis and epididymis were measured. Lesions in the testis and epididymis were observed by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Expression of the spermatogenic cell apoptosis-related proteins p53 and caspase-3 was detected by western blot. The expression of spermatogenesis-related genes in the testis was detected by reverse transcription-PCR. Sperm morphology and motility were observed. The levels of nitric oxide (NO) and antisperm antibody (AsAb) in the testicular homogenates and hormones in the serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The reproductive capacity of the male mice was detected using a reproduction test. RESULTS: The organ coefficients of the testis and epididymis of the experimental group were significantly downregulated. Light microscopy examination revealed that the spermatogenic cells of the testis were arranged in a disordered manner, and the number was reduced. The number of sperm in the epididymal lumen was significantly reduced, and the cytoplasm exhibited vacuolation and degeneration. Ultrastructural studies revealed that the cells of the testis and epididymis tissues showed varying degrees of disease. The level of p53 and caspase-3 expression in the testis was significantly upregulated. The expression of the testicular spermatogenesis-related genes Herc4, Ipo11 and Mrto4 were strongly downregulated. Observation of sperm by microscopic examination revealed significantly reduced sperm density and sperm motility, and the number of sperm deformities was significantly increased. The level of NO and AsAb was significantly increased. The levels of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone were significantly upregulated, whereas the levels of testosterone, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, thyroxine and thyroid-stimulating hormone were significantly downregulated. After challenge, the infected male mice and healthy female mice were caged together: the subsequent fetal death rate was increased, and the conception rate, litter size, number of live births and the birth weight were significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Infection of male BALB/c mice with the bovine isolate of N. caninum induced varying degrees of injury to the testis, epididymis and sperm of the mice, destroyed spermatogenesis and affected the reproductive capacity.

14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1784, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741969

RESUMO

Berry curvature, the counterpart of the magnetic field in the momentum space, plays a vital role in the transport of electrons in condensed matter physics. It also lays the foundation for the emerging field of topological physics. In the three-dimensional systems, much attention has been paid to Weyl points, which serve as sources and drains of Berry curvature. Here, we demonstrate a toroidal moment of Berry curvature with flux approaching to π in judiciously engineered metamaterials. The Berry curvature exhibits a vortex-like configuration without any source and drain in the momentum space. Experimentally, the presence of Berry curvature toroid is confirmed by the observation of conical-frustum shaped domain-wall states at the interfaces formed by two metamaterials with opposite toroidal moments.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6230, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737614

RESUMO

The purpose of subject was to explore the optimum protein requirement of juvenile grouper (Epinephelus coioides). In the test, 450 juveniles with an average weight (10.02 ± 0.22) g were randomly divided into six groups with triplicate, and were fed with 350, 400, 450, 500, 550 and 600 g/kg iso-lipid test diet twice 1 day for 8 weeks, respectively. The results showed that: (1) With the increase of protein level, the body weight gain rate and specific growth rate first increased and then reduced, while the feed coefficient rate first decreased and then increased, while the protein efficiency significantly decreased (P < 0.05). (2) With the increase of protein level, the condition factor, hepaticsomatic index and visceralsomatic index significantly reduced (P < 0.05). (3) With the increase of protein level, the crude protein content of whole fish and muscle gradually increased, while the crude lipid content gradually decreased. (4) High-protein diet (550-600 g/kg) significantly increased the plasma total protein content and decreased the triglyceride content of orange-spotted grouper (P < 0.05). (5) Compared with the 350 g/kg group, 500, 550, 600 g/kg groups significantly increased the activities of glutamic-pyruvic transaminase and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase in liver (P < 0.05). (6) With the increase of protein level, the protease activity of intestine first increased and then decreased, and reached the maximum at the protein level of 500 g/kg, while lipase and amylase decreased significantly (P < 0.05). (7) The activities of acid phosphatase, superoxide dismutase and lysozyme in liver increased first and then decreased with the increase of protein level, and reached the maximum in the 400 g/kg protein group. According to the analysis specific growth rate, the optimum protein level of juvenile orange-spotted grouper is 521.84 g/kg.

16.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(3)2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668872

RESUMO

Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) is a member of class I of the heme-containing peroxidase family. The enzyme plays important roles in scavenging reactive oxygen species for protection against oxidative damage and maintaining normal plant growth and development, as well as in biotic stress responses. In this study, we identified 11 APX genes in the Populus trichocarpa genome using bioinformatic methods. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the PtrAPX proteins were classifiable into three clades and the members of each clade shared similar gene structures and motifs. The PtrAPX genes were distributed on six chromosomes and four segmental-duplicated gene pairs were identified. Promoter cis-elements analysis showed that the majority of PtrAPX genes contained a variety of phytohormone- and abiotic stress-related cis-elements. Tissue-specific expression profiles indicated that the PtrAPX genes primarily function in roots and leaves. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis indicated that PtrAPX transcription was induced in response to drought, salinity, high ammonium concentration, and exogenous abscisic acid treatment. These results provide important information on the phylogenetic relationships and functions of the APX gene family in P. trichocarpa.

17.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772951

RESUMO

AIM: Analyzed bacterial community and biomineralization products from Wudalianchi non-active volcanic field, and the relationship between magnetization and bacterial community. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen sediment samples obtained from Wenbo lake, high-throughput sequencing and qPCR (quantitative PCR) were separately employed to investigate the bacterial community composition dynamics and abundance variation of the sediment sample with the highest iron-reducing capacity during incubation. The mineralization products were characterized by TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope), SEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy), XRD (X-ray Diffraction), Raman spectroscopy, VSM (Vibrating Sample Magnetometer) and variable-temperature magnetism analyses. The results showed that the highest iron-reduction rate was 98.06%. Seven phyla were identified as dominant bacterial phyla during the incubation process. Iron-reducing bacteria (FeRB) including Geobacter, Desulfosporosinus and Clostridium involved in the iron mineralization process. The 16S rDNA copy numbers of sediment decreased quickly and then stayed steady during the incubation. Bacteria with rod-shaped and spheroid species involved in extracellular iron reduction to produce magnetic particles with massive aggregation and columnar structures on the mineral surface morphologies. The materials produced by the microbial community over the incubation period were sequentially identified as siderite, magnetite and maghemite. The magnetism of the mineral samples gradually increased from 0.31748 to 33.58423 emu/g with increased incubation time. The final products showed relatively stable magnetism under 0-400 K. Meanwhile, the saturation magnetization (MS ) of the mineralized substance was tightly associated with bacterial diversity (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Bacterial community varied during incubation of iron-reducing sediment of volcanic lake. Various iron mineral crystals were in turn formed extracellularly by FeRB. The magnetism of mineralized products was tightly associated with bacterial community. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: These results not only help us to better understand the iron mineralization of FeRB in the volcanic lake sediments, but also provide bascis information for the future application of FeRB in environmental bioremediation.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2007507, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733561

RESUMO

Metasurfaces, simultaneously operating in near- and far-fields, can be employed as a promising candidate to implement different functions, thus significantly improving the information density, security, and system integration. Recent works have showcased some approaches for decoupling-at-large between near- and far-field functionalities, but unfortunately, their coupling effects are just reduced and mitigated to some extent rather than eradicated, which in turn leads to the performance limitation of metadevices. Herein, we propose a general platform for the complete rift between near- and far-field functionalities, enabled by strictly decoupled manipulation of optical amplitude and phase, leading to their distinct functions in the near- and far-fields, respectively. This concept is experimentally demonstrated by integrating the functions of a phase-only metalens and an amplitude-only grayscale-imaging nanoprint into a single-cell metasurface. Because of their completely decoupled functions, both meta-elements show high-performance characteristics, i.e., imaging quality close to the diffraction limit and high-definition grayscale-imaging with resolution as high as 63 500 dots per inch (dpi). The validated recipe may empower advanced explorations and applications in highly integrated nano-optoelectronics requiring high performance and less crosstalk.

19.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765226

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence demonstrated that atopic diseases were inversely related to glioma susceptibility and associated with improved prognosis of patients with glioma. This study aimed to elucidate the impacts of basophils, one of the important effector cells in the pathobiology of atopic disease, on prognosis of patients with glioblastoma (GBM). A total of 268 patients were newly diagnosed with GBM and treated with operation at our institution from January 2010 to December 2017. The association between pre-operation circulating eosinophil, basophil, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte count and GBM progression free survival (PFS) was investigated. Moreover, based on the results of multivariate analysis, a prognostic nomogram was established and evaluated. Kaplan-Meier method showed that basophils ≥0.015 × 109/L (p = 0.015) and lymphocytes ≥1.555 × 109/L (p = 0.005) were correlated with better PFS. Cox regression model showed that basophils ≥0.015 × 109/L were an independent prognostic factor for PFS. Prognostic nomogram was established and the concordance index (C-index) for PFS prediction was 0.629. The calibration plots for the probability of 0.5-, 1- and 3-year PFS showed optimal consistency between the prediction by nomogram and actual observation. Increased pre-operation circulating basophils portend better PFS, which might be a useful and novel marker for the prognosis of GBM patients.

20.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(9): 4749-4757, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691861

RESUMO

Magnetic Fe2O3/Fe3O4@SiO2 nanocomposites were prepared via the citric-alcohol solution combustion process. The obtained nanocomposites were characterized with SEM, XRD, VSM, TEM, EDS, HRTEM, and FTIR techniques. The results revealed that the magnetic Fe2O3/Fe3O4@SiO2 nanocomposites were successfully obtained with the average grain size of 87 nm and the saturation magnetization of 36 emu/g. After the surface of magnetic Fe2O3/Fe3O4@SiO2 nanocomposites was functionalized by amino group, the amino-functionalized Fe2O3/Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2 nanocomposites were loaded onto graphene oxide based on Mitsunobu reaction. Subsequently, the cellulase was immobilized onto Fe2O3/Fe3O4@SiO2-NH-GO nanocomposites by a glutaraldehyde-mediated Schiff base reaction. The immobilization conditions were optimized by adjusting the pH, temperature, and cellulase dose. The results revealed that optimized immobilization conditions were determined to be temperature of 50 °C, pH of 5, and cellulase solution of 0.1 mL. 97.3% cellulase were successfully immobilized under the optimal conditions. The catalytic performances of the immobilized cellulase were also evaluated. The maximum activity was achieved at pH 4, and 50 °C with cellulase solution of 0.4 mL.

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