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1.
Acta Otolaryngol ; : 1-4, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400239

RESUMO

Backgound: Pepsin immunohistochemical (IHC) staining is a promising diagnostic approach of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The interarytenoid mucosa has been proved to be an effective biopsy area.Objectives: To investigate whether positive result of pepsin IHC staining in laryngeal lesions can predict LPR.Methods: The study included 136 patients with laryngeal cancer or vocal cord leukoplakia. 24 h multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) was performed before operation, and pepsin IHC staining was performed on pathological sections after operation. The results of the two methods were compared.Results: Among the 136 patients, 101 with at least one LPR event were regarded as MII-pH positive group, and another 35 were negative. The positive rate of pepsin IHC staining was 93.1% in MII-pH positive group and 54.1% in MII-pH negative group (p < .05). If the MII-pH results were used as a reference, the sensitivity and specificity of pepsin IHC staining in the diagnosis of LPR were 93.1 and 45.7%, respectively. The consistency of pepsin IHC and MII-pH was moderate (Kappa value = 0.452).Conclusions: The sensitivity of pepsin IHC staining in laryngeal lesions for diagnosing LPR is satisfactory. The existence of false negative of MII-pH may be the main reason for the low specificity.

2.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 58, 2020 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The triglyceride and glucose index (TyG) has been proposed as a marker of insulin resistance. This study aims to evaluate the association of the TyG index with the severity and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: The study included a cohort of 151 patients with COVID-19 admitted in a tertiary teaching hospital in Wuhan. Regression models were used to investigate the association between TyG with severity and mortality of COVID-19. RESULTS: In this cohort, 39 (25.8%) patients had diabetes, 62 (41.1%) patients were severe cases, while 33 (22.0%) patients died in hospital. The TyG index levels were significantly higher in the severe cases and death group (mild vs. severe 8.7 ± 0.6 vs. 9.2 ± 0.6, P < 0.001; survivor vs. deceased 8.8 ± 0.6 vs. 9.3 ± 0.7, P < 0.001), respectively. The TyG index was significantly associated with an increased risk of severe case and mortality, after controlling for potential confounders (OR for severe case, 2.9, 95% CI 1.2-6.3, P = 0.007; OR for mortality, 2.9, 95% CI 1.2-6.7, P = 0.016). The associations were not statistically significant for further adjustment of inflammatory factors. CONCLUSION: TyG index was closely associated with the severity and morbidity in COVID-19 patients, thus it may be a valuable marker for identifying poor outcome of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Complicações do Diabetes , Resistência à Insulina , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , China , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Complicações do Diabetes/sangue , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Complicações do Diabetes/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Análise de Regressão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Endocr Pract ; 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357072

RESUMO

Objective: Previous studies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were based on information from the general population. We aimed to further clarify the clinical characteristics of diabetes with COVID-19. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with diabetes and COVID-19 were enrolled from January 29, 2020, to February 10, 2020, with a final follow-up on February 22, 2020. Epidemiologic, demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were analyzed. Results: The average age of the 28 patients was 68.6 ± 9.0 years. Most (75%) patients were male. Only 39.3% of the patients had a clear exposure of COVID-19. Fever (92.9%), dry cough (82.1%), and fatigue (64.3%) were the most common symptoms, followed by dyspnea (57.1%), anorexia (57.1%), diarrhea (42.9%), expectoration (25.0%), and nausea (21.4%). Fourteen patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The hemoglobin A1c level was similar between ICU and non-ICU patients. ICU patients had a higher respiratory rate, higher levels of random blood glucose, aspartate transaminase, bilirubin, creatine, N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide, troponin I, D-dimers, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, ferritin, interleukin (IL)-2R, IL-6, and IL-8 than non-ICU patients. Eleven of 14 ICU patients received noninvasive ventilation and 7 patients received invasive mechanical ventilation. Twelve patients died in the ICU group and no patients died in the nonICU group. Conclusion: ICU cases showed higher rates of organ failure and mortality than non-ICU cases. The poor outcomes of patients with diabetes and COVID-19 indicated that more supervision is required in these patients. (Endocr Pract. 2020;26:xxx-xxx).

4.
Water Res ; 178: 115825, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361351

RESUMO

A continuous pilot-scale A2O reactor with a two-zone sedimentation tank (A2O-TST) was constructed for the formation of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) to treat real municipal sewage. The characteristics of sludge, nutrient removal performance and the corresponding microbial ecology dynamics were studied during granulation process. Experimental results indicated that AGS with a mean particle size of 210 µm and sludge volume index after 30 min of 47.5 mL/g was successfully formed with effluent COD, total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations in the reactor reaching 22.8, 3.5 and 0.2 mg/L, respectively. Furthermore, high throughput data indicated that granules in settling tank-1 (ST-1) harbored slow-growing autotrophic organisms like Nitrosomonas and Nitrospira, while the flocs in settling tank-2 (ST-2) were dominated by fast-growing heterotrophic organisms including Ca. Accumulibacter, Dechloromonas, Flavobacterium, Arcobacter and Halomonas. Simulation results using computational fluid dynamics and discrete element method (CFD-DEM) modeling verified that the selection pressure created by the TST separator contributed to the retention of heavy granules (>1.011 kg/m3 density) in ST-1 zone and the withdrawal of light flocs (<1.011 kg/m3 density) from ST-2 zone. Therefore, the segregation of biomass using the TST system provides an opportunity to select for desired microbial populations and to optimize the nitrogen and phosphorus removal performance of the A2O-TST reactor. This study could add a guiding sight into the application of two-sludge system based on AGS technology for upgrading traditional A2O process.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 310: 123468, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386817

RESUMO

In this study, a novel process was developed to treat real sewage with a low chemical oxygen demand/total nitrogen ratio (COD/TN = 3.2) and to obtain enhanced nitrogen removal through Anaerobic ammonia oxidation (anammox). Anaerobic/aerobic/anoxic/aerobic (AOAO) reactor processes were amended with a fixed anammox biofilm in the anoxic zone. During an operational period of 212 days, an average effluent TN of 13.7 mg/L with a removal efficiency of 72.0% was obtained with an influent of 47.0 mg/L ammonium. Mass balance analysis suggested that the anammox resulted in removal of 33.6% of the TN. Besides, by adding sludge fermentation products, nitrite accumulation occurred via nitration while in the aerobic zone for the anammox process. This study demonstrated an alternative way to apply a sewage anammox process via excess sludge fermentation products triggering nitrite production in a continuous flow reactor.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explores the clinical characteristics of patients with diabetes with severe covid-19, and the association of diabetes with survival duration in patients with severe covid-19. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective, observational study, the clinical and laboratory characteristics of 193 patients with severe covid-19 were collected. 48 patients with severe covid-19 had diabetes, and 145 patients (ie, the controls) did not have diabetes. A severe case was defined as including at least one of the following criteria: (1) Respiratory rate >30/min. (2) Oxygen saturation ≤93%. (3) PaO2/FiO2≤300 mm Hg. (4) Patients, either with shock or respiratory failure, requiring mechanical ventilation, or combined with other organ failure, requiring admission to intensive care unit (ICU). RESULTS: Of 193 patients with severe covid-19, 48 (24.9%) had diabetes. Compared with patients with severe covid-19 without diabetes, patients with diabetes were older, susceptible to receiving mechanical ventilation and admission to ICU, and had higher mortality. In addition, patients with severe covid-19 with diabetes had higher levels of leukocyte count, neutrophil count, high-sensitivity C reaction protein, procalcitonin, ferritin, interleukin (IL) 2 receptor, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α, D-dimer, fibrinogen, lactic dehydrogenase and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide. Among patients with severe covid-19 with diabetes, more non-survivors were men (30 (76.9%) vs 9 (23.1%)). Non-survivors had severe inflammatory response, and cardiac, hepatic, renal and coagulation impairment. Finally, the Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed a trend towards poorer survival in patients with severe covid-19 with diabetes than patients without diabetes. The HR was 1.53 (95% CI 1.02 to 2.30; p=0.041) after adjustment for age, sex, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease by Cox regression. The median survival durations from hospital admission in patients with severe covid-19 with and without diabetes were 10 days and 18 days, respectively. CONCLUSION: The mortality rate in patients with severe covid-19 with diabetes is considerable. Diabetes may lead to an increase in the risk of death.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , China , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Environ Res ; 183: 109249, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311906

RESUMO

Leachate concentrates, an effluent produced from nanofiltration and/or reverse osmosis, contains a high amount of salts and dissolved organics especially refractory organics. Thus, the treatment of leachate concentrates would consume high energy or a large amount of chemicals. The present study is to develop an effective treatment method by using coupled electrochemical methods with the least possible energy consumption. The leachate concentrates was pretreated by electrocoagulation (EC), with aluminum or iron electrodes as anodes, to decrease the dissolved organic content. EC with Al electrode was found to be more efficient by consuming 1.25 kWh/m3 energy to remove 70% of total organic carbon (TOC). EC effluent was further subjected to a novel simultaneous electro-oxidation and in-situ peroxone process, which used a Ti-based nickel and antimony doped tin dioxide (NATO) as anode and a carbon nanotube coated carbon-polytetrafluoroethylene (CNT-C/PTFE) as cathode for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Compared with a traditional EO with cathode for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER-EO), ORR-EO obtained higher efficiency and an energy consumption of 26.25 kWh/m3, which was much lower than 35.5 kWh/m3 for HER-EO. Results showed that after ORR-EO, a final TOC of 57.3 mg/L was obtained. Thus, EC in tandem with ORR-EO process has an excellent capability and economic merit in the field of treating leachate concentrates.

8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 324: 109062, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198087

RESUMO

Ginsenoside Rg1 is an active ingredient extracted from the roots of ginsenoside, and an α-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced rat model of intrahepatic cholestasis was used to investigate the protective effect of Rg1 on cholestasis. 48 SD male rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: control group, model group, UDCA group (ursodeoxycholic acid), low-dose Rg1 group (10 mg/kg), medium-dose Rg1 group (20 mg/kg) and high-dose Rg1 group (40 mg/kg). The model group, the UDCA group and all the Rg1 group were then intragastrically administered with 80 mg/kg ANIT, and the control group were given equal volume of olive oil. Then the pathological changes in liver tissue were observed, the secretion of bile in the bile duct was measured, and the biochemical markers in serum were quantified, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glutamyl transfer peptidase (GTP) and the content of total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL), total bile acid (TBA). The contents of inflammatory mediators in serum were quantified, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), γ-interferon (IFN-γ) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). The contents of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in liver homogenate were quantified. Expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), transporters and metabolic enzymes in liver tissue was monitored. Rg1 treatment improved liver tissue pathological damage, promoted bile secretion and significantly reduced serum levels of the intrahepatic cholestasis markers ALT, AST, ALP, GTP, TBIL, DBIL and TBA. Rg1 increased the activity of SOD and GSH-Px in liver homogenate, while, reducing the serum levels of MDA and inflammatory mediators. Rg1 also regulated the expression of FXR, bile acid transporters and metabolic enzymes. Overall, Rg1 alleviated liver injury by improving secretion of bile and normalizing the activity of enzymes in the serum. The protective mechanism appeared to be related to the activation of FXR and regulation of liver transporters and metabolic enzymes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149634

RESUMO

A two-dimensional (2D) array with a small pitch (approximately 0.5λ in medium) can achieve a complete three-dimensional control of ultrasound beams without grating lobes and enable the generation of multiple focal spots simultaneously, which is a desired tool for noninvasive therapy. However, the large electrical impedance of 2D array elements owing to their small size results in a low energy transfer efficiency between a 2D array and an electrical system, thereby limiting their practical applications. This paper presents the development of a 1-MHz 256-element 2D array ultrasonic transducer of low electrical impedance based on a new Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (Sm-PMN-PT) piezoceramic with ultrahigh dielectric permittivity. The electrical impedance of the array element is decreased by 3.4 times as the Sm-PMN-PT replacing commercial PZT-5H. Consequently, the output acoustic pressure of the 2D array made of Sm-PMN-PT ceramic is approximately twice that of the 2D array made of PZT-5H ceramic under the same excitation conditions. Array elements are spaced at a 1.1 mm pitch (0.71λ in water), enabling a large steering range of the ultrasound beam. A multiple-target blood-brain barrier opening in vivo is demonstrated using the proposed 2D array with electronic focusing and steering. The obtained results indicate that the 2D array made of Sm-PMN-PT ceramic is promising for practical use in low-intensity ultrasound therapy applications.

10.
Environ Int ; 137: 105540, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032776

RESUMO

The prevalence and accumulation of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) were frequently detected in biological wastewater treatment processes, which might cause potential health crisis to human. In present study, the fates of ARGs during two different aerobic granular sludge (AGS) cultivation processes were investigated. The results showed that traditional AGS (T-AGS) cultivation process and enhanced AGS (E-AGS) cultivation process had significant differences (P < 0.005) in ARGs shift patterns. E-AGS process had higher average relative abundance (0.280 ± 0.079) of ARGs than T-AGS process (0.130 ± 0.041), while the intensity of ARGs enrichment during E-AGS (1.52-5.29 fold) was lower than T-AGS (3.79-75.31 fold) process. TnpA and intI1 as two different types of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) carrying ARGs, were observed to contribute significantly to the horizontal gene transfer (HGT) during T-AGS (r = 0.902, P < 0.050) and E-AGS (r = 0.823, P < 0.001) processes, respectively. Higher HGT level took place and more possible potential hosts (25 hosts) harboring ARGs were detected during E-AGS process comparing with T-AGS process (17 hosts). Meanwhile, over large AGS might increase the propagation of several antibiotic deactivation ARGs, so it was not advised. Overall, whether during T-AGS or during E-AGS process which was applied in a pilot-scale sequencing batch reactor treating municipal wastewater, the accumulation and spread of ARGs were inevitable. It should be valued that some suitable pre-treatments of seed sludge should be executed, meanwhile, advanced treatment for removing of ARGs in AGS should be conducted to maintain the relative abundances of ARGs at relatively low level.

11.
Mitochondrion ; 51: 88-96, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923469

RESUMO

Beauveria bassiana, Cordyceps militaris and Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Ascomycotina) are traditional Chinese medicines. Here, mitogenomes of these three Ascomycotina fungi were sequenced and de-novo assembled using single-molecule real-time sequencing. The results showed that their complete mitogenomes were 31,258, 31,854 and 157,584 bp, respectively, with sequencing depth approximately 278,760×, 326,283× and 69,385×. Types of repeat sequences were mainly (AA)n, (AAT)n, (TA)n and (TATT)n. DNA methylation motifs were revealed in DNA modifications of these three fungi. We discovered new models of RNA editing through analysis of transcriptomes from B. bassiana and C. militaris. These data lay a solid foundation for further genetic and biological studies about these three fungi, especially for elucidating the mitogenome evolution and exploring the regulatory mechanism of adapting environment.

12.
Nature ; 577(7790): 350-354, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942055

RESUMO

Transparent piezoelectrics are highly desirable for numerous hybrid ultrasound-optical devices ranging from photoacoustic imaging transducers to transparent actuators for haptic applications1-7. However, it is challenging to achieve high piezoelectricity and perfect transparency simultaneously because most high-performance piezoelectrics are ferroelectrics that contain high-density light-scattering domain walls. Here, through a combination of phase-field simulations and experiments, we demonstrate a relatively simple method of using an alternating-current electric field to engineer the domain structures of originally opaque rhombohedral Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) crystals to simultaneously generate near-perfect transparency, an ultrahigh piezoelectric coefficient d33 (greater than 2,100 picocoulombs per newton), an excellent electromechanical coupling factor k33 (about 94 per cent) and a large electro-optical coefficient γ33 (approximately 220 picometres per volt), which is far beyond the performance of the commonly used transparent ferroelectric crystal LiNbO3. We find that increasing the domain size leads to a higher d33 value for the [001]-oriented rhombohedral PMN-PT crystals, challenging the conventional wisdom that decreasing the domain size always results in higher piezoelectricity8-10. This work presents a paradigm for achieving high transparency and piezoelectricity by ferroelectric domain engineering, and we expect the transparent ferroelectric crystals reported here to provide a route to a wide range of hybrid device applications, such as medical imaging, self-energy-harvesting touch screens and invisible robotic devices.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 6097-6104, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927901

RESUMO

AgNbO3-based antiferroelectric ceramics have been actively studied for energy-storage applications, where numerous compositional modifications have been implemented to improve their energy-storage performance. In this work, Sm2O3-doped AgNbO3 ceramics were fabricated; the microstructure, dielectric property, and phase transition behavior were investigated. Because of the structure heterogeneity induced by the rare-earth dopant, a diffused antiferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition was observed. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy observations confirm the existence of a local pseudo-rhombohedral structure consisting of different lattice orderings, being responsible for the local nanoscale heterogeneity. Of particular significance is the fact that the Sm3+ dopant effectively decreases the dielectric loss and increases the critical antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition electric field, leading to a high energy-storage density of 4.5 J/cm3.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494547

RESUMO

In this study, we reported an acoustic wave resonator for temperature monitorable kinetic analysis of human blood coagulation. The resonator is operated in both Lamb wave mode at 860 MHz and Rayleigh wave mode at 444 MHz. The electrical parameter variation of the resonator induced by the increased plasma viscosity can be used to monitor the coagulation process. The Lamb mode of the resonator is sensitive to both plasma viscosity and plasma temperature, while the Rayleigh mode responds only to the temperature which is not affected by viscosity. These unique characteristics of the two modes are due to different spatial distributions of the acoustic energy. Taking advantage of the aforementioned features, an acoustic wave resonator to study the human blood coagulation is designed to simultaneously monitor the temperature and plasma viscosity. The coagulation time and plasma temperature were provided by fitting the time-frequency curves. Our design holds great promise for biological reaction monitoring with possible temperature changes.

15.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121398, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635820

RESUMO

Recently, a novel proof-of-concept oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) based electro-oxidation (EO) process has been developed, which was accomplished by integrating anodic electrochemical oxidation coupled with an in situ electro-peroxone process, by harnessing the anodic by-product O3 reacted with ORR cathode generated H2O2. To further enhance EO coupled in situ electro-peroxone, a nickel and antimony doped tin oxide anodic catalyst layer, namely NATO, was fabricated on Ti mesh to improve anodic oxidation and reinforce the generation of O3, thus promoting in situ Electro-peroxone. As a result, O3 generation rate was enhanced by 12.6%. Complete phenol, as a model organic compound, and 95% of TOC removal were achieved, respectively, during ORR-EO. Through kinetics and instrument analysis, results show that the amount of intermediates accumulated during phenol degradation was much less in this Ti/NATO based ORR-EO system than in a traditional EO system. Moreover, 35.7% of the energy consumption was saved for ORR-EO, owing to its reduced applied voltage and the enhanced in situ electro-peroxone process.

16.
Bioresour Technol ; 297: 122380, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818719

RESUMO

In this study, a full-scale partial nitritation/anammox (PN/A) process was successfully established to treat dewatering liquor (filtrate) from the activated sludge after thermal hydrolysis (THP) - anaerobic digestion (AD). The filtrate had an average ammonium of 1407 mg/L with a COD/N ratio of 1.43 ±â€¯0.3. Under limited anammox biofilm inoculation, PN/A was started-up in an integrated fixed - biofilm activated sludge (IFAS) reactor. During the stable period, 2500 m3 of THP - AD sludge filtrate was treated daily and an average nitrogen removal rate of 0.21 kg N/(m3·d) was maintained with a removal efficiency over 85%. The application of PN/A reduced mainstream total inorganic nitrogen in effluent by 4.4 mg/L, saving $3.5 million in operational costs annually due to the reduction of organics addition. Overall, IFAS - PN/A process can be an efficient and economical method to treat THP - AD sludge filtrate and improve mainstream nitrogen removal performance.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Hidrólise , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 707: 136106, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863990

RESUMO

Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) could be cultivated from only flocs (called normal granulation (NG) process) or mixture of flocs and crushed AGS (called enhanced granulation (EG) process), which might lead to different system performances such as granulation speed and pollutants removal efficiencies. However, the differences of mechanisms between NG and EG processes at microbial community level are still unknown. In this study, the NG and EG processes were implemented successively in a pilot-scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with certain amounts of additional carbon sources. Illumina MiSeq sequencing and quantitative PCR were applied to investigate the dynamics of bacterial communities during NG and EG processes and explore the possible explanations for faster EG process. The results showed that significant distinctions in bacterial diversities and community structures were observed between NG and EG processes. The major contributor to NG process was bacterial communities with 32.04% contribution. While EG process was more dependent on the interactions (73.16% contribution) between the bacterial communities and environmental variables (operational parameters and self-adaptive variable). EG process had higher relative abundances of functional bacteria than NG process. Glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs) related bacteria with a total relative abundance of maximum 65.43% might be mainly responsible for the faster EG process. This study provided microbial insights for practical application of AGS technology that inoculating crushed AGS might be an effective way to cultivate AGS.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Aerobiose , Bactérias , Reatores Biológicos , Carbono , Glicogênio , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
19.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(12)2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795481

RESUMO

This study determined the effects of increased consumption of sulfur amino acids (SAA), as either DL-Met or Hydroxy-Met (OH-Met), by sows and piglets on their performance and the ability of the progeny to resist a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Thirty primiparous sows were fed a diet adequate in SAA (CON) or CON + 25% SAA, either as DL-Met or OH-Met from gestation day 85 to postnatal day 21. At 35 d old, 20 male piglets from each treatment were selected and divided into 2 groups (n = 10/treatment) for a 3 × 2 factorial design [diets (CON, DL-Met or OH-Met) and challenge (saline or LPS)]. OH-Met and/or DL-Met supplementation increased (p ≤ 0.05) piglets' body weight gain during day 0-7 and day 7-14. Sow's milk quality was improved in the supplemented treatments compared to the CON. The LPS challenge decreased (p ≤ 0.05) piglets' performance from 35 to 63 d and increased (p ≤ 0.05) the levels of aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-a, and malondialdehyde. Plasma albumin, total protein, total antioxidant capacity and glutathione peroxidase decreased post-challenge. The results were better with OH-Met than DL-Met. The increase of Met consumption, particularly as OH-Met increased piglets' growth performance during the lactation phase and the challenging period.

20.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(10): 1113-1119, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between soluble resistance-related calcium-binding protein (Sorcin) and chemoresistance or overall survival in patients with ovarian cancer.
 Methods: We detected the expression of Sorcin in 27 cases of chemoresistant ovarian cancer tissue and 37 cases of sensitive ovarian cancer tissue by immunohistochemistry, and analyzed the relationship between the protein and clinicopathological features or chemoresistance of ovarian cancer. Log-rank test was used to analyze the single factor impact on overall survival, Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to describe survival curve, and Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis.
 Results: The immunoreactive scores for Sorcin in chemoresistant ovarian cancer tissues were higher than those in the sensitive ovarian cancer tissues (P<0.001). The levels of Sorcin inovarian cancer tissue did not show statistical significance with different ages, tumor stages, classifications, tissue types, degrees of ascites, omentums, and tumor metastases (P>0.05). The correlation between Sorcin and overall survival in resistant and sensitive ovarian cancer groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05), while there was a negative correlation between the expression of Sorcin and the overall survival of total cases (r=-0.326, P<0.05). Log-rank test showed that the drug resistance factor had a distinct impact on overall survival (P<0.001), and the Sorcin expression had an impact on overall survival (P<0.05). However, correlation between overall survival and the ages, ascites, omentum carcinoma, pathological types, pathological grade or FIGO staging was not significant (P>0.05). Cox proportional hazard model showed that drug resistance had a significant effect on overall survival (P<0.001), with a relative risk at 8.635, and the survival curve of the ovarian cancer sensitive group was obviously superior to that of ovarian cancer drug resistance group.
 Conclusion: Sorcin may be associated with drug resistance in ovarian cancer. The expression of Sorcin is correlated with the overall survival. The lower the Sorcin expression, the longer the survival time. Chemoresistance may act as an important independent prognostic factor for the poor prognosis for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
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