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1.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 11206721231152628, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718496

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the surgical outcomes of endoscope-navigation (EN)-assisted orbital decompression and non-EN-assisted orbital decompression for Graves' orbitopathy (GO) and to assess the potential clinical advantage of EN in orbital decompression surgery. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was performed on 227 orbits of 147 GO patients who underwent EN-assisted orbital decompression (185 orbits) or non-EN-assisted orbital decompression (42 orbits). Assessment included proptosis reduction, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), diplopia, ocular restriction and surgical complications. RESULTS: The proptosis reduction in the EN group was 0.9 mm greater than that in the non-EN group in the entire cohort (p = 0.004) and 1.0 mm greater than that in the non-EN group in the propensity score matching cohort (p = 0.025) at 2 years postoperatively. In all, 78.2% of orbits with sight-threatening GO in the EN group and 52.6% of orbits in the non-EN group showed BCVA improvement (p = 0.026). The proportion of patients with improvement in diplopia was significantly greater in the EN group than in the non-EN group (p = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: EN offers anatomical localization and deep-seated tissue visualization in orbital decompression and significantly improves the surgical outcomes for GO.

2.
Small ; : e2207727, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670082

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3 ) is a promising hydrogen (H2 ) carrier for future carbon-free energy systems, due to its high hydrogen content and easiness to be liquefied. Inexpensive and efficient catalysts for ammonia electro-oxidation reaction (AOR) are desired in whole ammonia-based energy systems. In this work, ultrasmall delafossite (CuFeO2 ) polyhedrons with exposed high-index facets are prepared by a one-step NH3 -assisted hydrothermal method, serving as AOR pre-catalysts. The high-index CuFeO2 facet is revealed to facilitate surface reconstruction into active Cu-doped FeOOH nanolayers during AOR processes in ammonia alkaline solutions, which is driven by the favorable Cu leaching and terminates as the 2p levels of internal lattice oxygen change. The reconstructed heterostructures of CuFeO2 and Cu-doped FeOOH effectively activate the dehydrogenation steps of NH3 and exhibit a potential improvement of 260 mV for electrocatalytic AOR at 10 mA cm-2 compared to the pre-restructured phase. Further, density functional theory (DFT) calculations confirm that a lower energy barrier of the rate-determining step (*NH3 to *NH2 ) is presented on high-index CuFeO2 facets covered with Cu-doped FeOOH nanolayers. Innovatively, lattice oxygen atoms in Fe-based oxides and oxyhydroxide are involved in the dehydrogenation steps of AOR as a proton acceptor, broadening the horizons for rational designs of AOR catalysts.

3.
Comput Biol Med ; 154: 106555, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701967

RESUMO

Hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) is a rare disease. Therefore, it is a challenge to automatically segment HPC tumors and metastatic lymph nodes (HPC risk areas) from medical images with the small-scale dataset. Combining low-level details and high-level semantics from feature maps in different scales can improve the accuracy of segmentation. Herein, we propose a Multi-Modality Transfer Learning Network with Hybrid Bilateral Encoder (Twist-Net) for Hypopharyngeal Cancer Segmentation. Specifically, we propose a Bilateral Transition (BT) block and a Bilateral Gather (BG) block to twist (fuse) high-level semantic feature maps and low-level detailed feature maps. We design a block with multi-receptive field extraction capabilities, M Block, to capture multi-scale information. To avoid overfitting caused by the small scale of the dataset, we propose a transfer learning method that can transfer priors experience from large computer vision datasets to multi-modality medical imaging datasets. Compared with other methods, our method outperforms other methods on HPC dataset, achieving the highest Dice of 82.98%. Our method is also superior to other methods on two public medical segmentation datasets, i.e., the CHASE_DB1 dataset and BraTS2018 dataset. On these two datasets, the Dice of our method is 79.83% and 84.87%, respectively. The code is available at: https://github.com/zhongqiu1245/TwistNet.

4.
Hematol Oncol ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680513

RESUMO

Prognostic nutritional index (PNI), comprised of serum albumin level and lymphocyte count, is associated with the prognosis of several malignant diseases, while the prognostic value of PNI in extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) remains unclear. This retrospective multicenter study aimed to investigate the value of PNI in predicting the prognosis of newly diagnosed ENKTL patients by using propensity score matched analysis (PSM). A total of 1022 newly diagnosed ENKTL patients were retrieved from Huaihai Lymphoma Working Group and clinicopathological variables were collected. MaxStat analysis was used to calculate the optimal cut-off points of PNI and other continuous variables. The median age at diagnosis was 47 years and 69.4% were males, with the 5-year OS of 71.7%. According to the MaxStat analysis, 41 was the optimal cut-off point for PNI. The Pseudo R2 before matching was 0.250, and it decreased to less than 0.019 after matching. Confounding factors of the two groups were well balanced after PSM. Multivariable analysis revealed that PNI, Korean Prognostic Index (KPI), eastern cooperative oncology group performance status (ECOG PS), the prognostic index of natural killer lymphoma (PINK) and hemoglobin were independent prognostic factors for ENKTL. The results of subgroup analysis demonstrated that patients with low PNI could predict worse prognosis and re-stratify patients in ECOG PS ≥ 2, EBER-positive, the International Prognostic Index (IPI) (HIR + HR), and PINK (HR) groups. PNI combined with IPI, PINK and KPI could improve the prediction efficiency. In conclusion, PNI could accurately stratify the prognosis of ENKTL by PSM analysis and patients with low PNI had poorer prognosis.

5.
Reprod Sci ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694082

RESUMO

Some studies have been conducted to explore the influence of growth hormone (GH) on oocytes in in vitro maturation (IVM); however, previous studies reporting showed different results, and the specific mechanisms were not clear. In the present study, GH supplementation improved oocyte maturation rate. The rate of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in the GH group was 83.9%, which was significantly higher than that (72.1%) in the control group (p = 0.001). The maturation rate of the GH group (79.2%) was significantly higher than that (65.4%) of the control group (p = 0.000). The fertilization (68.6 vs. 59.3%) and blastocyst (30 vs. 25.3%) rates showed an increasing trend in the GH group compared to those in controls. The dynamic parameters of nuclear maturation of oocytes were recorded by time-lapse monitoring system; oocytes in the GH group completed nuclear maturation earlier than did those in the control group. GH reduced cAMP levels to promote oocyte maturation. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis revealed that the majority of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation was upregulated in the GH group. Furthermore, the mitochondrial membrane potential of oocytes significantly increased, and the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Ca2+ largely decreased in the GH group. Finally, single-oocyte transcriptome analysis indicated that GH decreased the expression of apoptosis-related genes in oocytes. GH treatment reduced the expression of γH2AX and caspase-3. Therefore, GH improves the developmental potential of immature oocytes by reducing cAMP levels more rapidly within 0.5 h, protecting mitochondrial function, and reducing DNA damage and apoptosis.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 4011-4020, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631254

RESUMO

Due to the high electrical conductivity and abundant redox active sites, bimetal sulfides are highly competitive anode materials for sodium storage with long-life and high-rate. Herein, a heterostructured metal sulfide (Bi2S3-CuS) with a carbon-based support is prepared by calcination and ion exchange methods. The synergistic effects of the heterostructure and defective structure provide facile diffusion channels, fast Na+ migration, and plentiful active sites for Na+, which reflect in the impressive electrochemical performance with a high reversible capacity of 592.2 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles at 8 A g-1. Furthermore, the Na-ion full batteries exhibit an ultra-long cycling performance with a value of 216 mA h g-1 after 4000 cycles at 10 A g-1. Interestingly, the defective structure of Bi2S3 remains after cycling. Kinetic analyses and density functional theoretical calculations clarified that the heterointerfacial structure, especially on the interface containing sulfur defects in Bi2S3 of Bi2S3-CuS, could induce feasible ion adsorption and promote ion transfer, which lays the foundation for achieving ultrafast sodiation kinetics.

7.
Thromb J ; 21(1): 9, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis is a common complication of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma; however, few studies have reported its long-term clinical prognosis. This study aimed to establish and validate easy-to-use nomograms for predicting gastrointestinal bleeding, portal vein thrombosis resolution, and mortality of patients with portal vein thrombosis. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 425 patients with portal vein thrombosis who were divided into training (n = 334) and validation (n = 91) sets. Prediction models were developed using multivariate Cox regression analysis and evaluated using the consistency index and calibration plots. RESULTS: Predictors of gastrointestinal bleeding included a history of gastrointestinal bleeding, superior mesenteric vein thrombosis, red color sign observed during endoscopy, and hepatic encephalopathy. Meanwhile, predictors of resolution of portal vein thrombosis included a history of abdominal infection, C-reactive protein and hemoglobin levels, and intake of thrombolytics. Predictors of death included abdominal infection, abdominal surgery, aspartate aminotransferase level, hepatic encephalopathy, and ascites. All models had good discriminatory power and consistency. Anticoagulation therapy significantly increased the probability of thrombotic resolution without increasing the risk of bleeding or death. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully developed and validated three prediction models that can aid in the early evaluation and treatment of portal vein thrombosis.

8.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671477

RESUMO

As a cancer type potentially dominated by copy number variations, ovarian cancer shows hyperploid karyotypes and large-scale chromosome alterations, which might be promising biomarkers correlated with tumor metastasis and chemoresistance. Experimental studies have provided more information about the roles of aneuploids and polyploids in ovarian cancer. However, ploidy evaluation of ovarian cancer cell lines is still limited, even in some ploidy-related research. Herein, the ploidy landscape of 51 ovarian cancer cell lines from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) were analyzed, and the ploidy statuses of 13 human ovarian cancer cell lines and 2 murine cell lines were evaluated using G-banding and flow cytometry. Most human ovarian cancer cell lines were aneuploid, with modal numbers of 52-86 and numerical complexity ranging from 5 to 12. A2780, COV434 and TOV21G were screened as diploid cell lines, with a modal number of 46, a low aneuploid score and a near-diploid ploidy value. Two murine cell lines, both OV2944-HM1 and ID-8, were near-tetraploid. Integrated information on karyotypes, aneuploid score and ploidy value supplied references for a nondiploid model construction and a parallel analysis of diploid versus aneuploid. Moreover, the gene expression profiles were compared between diploid and aneuploid cell lines. The functions of differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in terms of protein function regulation, TGF-ß signaling and cell adhesion molecules. Genes downregulated in the aneuploid group were mainly related to metabolism and protein function regulation, and genes upregulated in the aneuploid group were mainly involved in immune regulation. Differentially expressed genes were randomly distributed on all chromosomes, while chromosome 1 alteration might contribute to immune-related alterations in aneuploid cell lines. Chromosome 19 alteration might be potentially significant for aneuploid ovarian cancer cell lines and patients, which needs further verification in ploidy research.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Transcriptoma , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ploidias , Aneuploidia
9.
Thyroid ; 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is a disfiguring and sight-threatening autoimmune disease. Previous studies have shown the infiltration of macrophages in GO orbital connective tissues. However, the immunophenotypes of macrophages and their modulatory effects on orbital fibroblasts (OF) have not been examined so far. In this study, we sought to determine the pathophysiology of macrophages in GO. METHODS: In this case-control study, orbital connective tissues collected from 40 GO patients and 20 healthy controls were immunohistochemically stained for cytokines and macrophage cell surface antigens. The polarization of orbital-infiltrating macrophages was investigated by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence. Effects of interleukin (IL)-6 combined with soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) on the proliferation, differentiation, and inflammation of different OF subsets were examined by CCK-8, Western blotting, and Luminex assays, respectively. The antigen-presenting abilities of different OF subsets under IL-6/sIL-6R signaling were studied by proteomics. Finally, the differentiation of CD8+ IL-17A-producing T cells by sIL-6R was tested. RESULTS: GO orbital connective tissues displayed increased IL-6, sIL-6R, STAT3, and IL-17A levels. CD86+ M1-like macrophages were predominant in active GO patients whilst stable GO patients tended to have more CD163+ M2-like macrophages. The expression of IL-6 was higher in M1-like macrophages and the expression of transforming growth factor-ß was higher in M2-like macrophages both in GO orbital connective tissues in situ in vivo and in cell culture system in vitro. The IL-6/sIL-6R stimulation promoted the fibrosis of both CD34+ and CD34- OFs. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression was also induced by IL-6/sIL-6R stimulation in both OF subsets. IL-6/sIL-6R stimulation enhanced antigen processing of CD34+ OFs via up-regulating the intact major histocompatibility complex I and antigen transporters. However, the protein expressions of thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor could not be directly increased by IL-6/sIL-6R stimulation in CD34+ OFs. Furthermore, sIL-6R was conducive to the differentiation of CD8+ IL-17A-producing T cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the immunophenotypes of orbital-infiltrating macrophages that may activate OFs depending on the IL-6/sIL-6R signaling in GO. Our preclinical findings implicate, at least in part, the molecular rationale for blocking sIL-6R as a promising therapeutic agent for GO.

10.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652381

RESUMO

A palladium-catalysed carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction via deaminative/decarboxylative cross-coupling of organoammonium salts with carboxylic acids was developed. Under the reaction conditions, polyfluoroaromatic carboxylic acids, propiolic acids and α-cyano benzyl carboxylic acid reacted smoothly with benzyl ammonium salts to produce the corresponding carbon-carbon coupling products in good-to-excellent yields.

11.
J Med Chem ; 66(1): 875-889, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594812

RESUMO

Platinum drugs as primary chemotherapy drugs have been applied to various cancer patients. However, their therapeutic applicability is limited due to the adverse effects and immunosuppression. To minimize the side effects and boost the immune response, we designed and synthesized platinum(IV) prodrugs that introduced BRD4 inhibitor JQ-1. Among them, CJ2 had the most potent therapeutic activity and less toxicity. With the introduction of ligand JQ-1, CJ2-reduced PD-L1 protein was found in the cytoplasm and cytomembrane for the first time. By interfering with the PD-L1 synthesis, CJ2 could arouse the immune system and promote CD8+ T cell infiltration. Meanwhile, CJ2 could accelerate PD-L1 degradation in the cytoplasm to block DNA damage repair. In vivo, CJ2 markedly suppressed tumor growth by reversing the immunosuppression microenvironment and enhancing DNA damage. These findings provide an effective approach to improve the selectivity and activity of the platinum drugs with elevated immune response.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Neoplasias , Pró-Fármacos , Humanos , Antígeno B7-H1 , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Platina/farmacologia , Platina/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Nucleares , Fatores de Transcrição , Imunoterapia , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular
12.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 234, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646678

RESUMO

Lead halide perovskites show great potential to be used in wearable optoelectronics. However, obstacles for real applications lie in their instability under light, moisture and temperature stress, noxious lead ions leakage and difficulties in fabricating uniform luminescent textiles at large scale and high production rates. Overcoming these obstacles, we report simple, high-throughput electrospinning of large-area (> 375 cm2) flexible perovskite luminescent textiles woven by ultra-stable polymer@perovskite@cyclodextrin@silane composite fibers. These textiles exhibit bright and narrow-band photoluminescence (a photoluminescence quantum yield of 49.7%, full-width at half-maximum <17 nm) and the time to reach 50% photoluminescence of 14,193 h under ambient conditions, showcasing good stability against water immersion (> 3300 h), ultraviolet irradiation, high temperatures (up to 250 °C) and pressure surge (up to 30 MPa). The waterproof PLTs withstood fierce water scouring without any detectable leaching of lead ions. These low-cost and scalable woven PLTs enable breakthrough application in marine rescue.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(3): e2207080119, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623198

RESUMO

The electrochemical conversion of waste nitrate (NO3-) to valuable ammonia (NH3) is an economical and environmentally friendly technology for sustainable NH3 production. It is beneficial for environmental nitrogen pollution management and is also an appealing alternative to the current Haber-Bosch process for NH3 production. However, owing to the competing hydrogen evolution reaction, it is necessary to design highly efficient and stable electrocatalysts with high selectivity. Herein, we report a rational design of Fe nanoparticles wrapped in N-doped carbon (Fe@N10-C) as a high NH3 selective and efficient electrocatalyst using a metal-organic framework precursor. We constructed a catalyst with new active sites by doping with nitrogen, which activated neighboring carbon atoms and enhanced metal-to-carbon electron transfer, resulting in high catalytic activity. These doped N sites play a key role in the NO3- electroreduction. As a result, the Fe@N10-C nanoparticles with optimal doping of N demonstrated remarkable performance, with a record-high NO3- removal capacity of 125.8 ± 0.5 mg N gcat-1 h-1 and nearly 100 % (99.7 ± 0.1%) selectivity. The catalyst also delivers an impressive NH3 production rate of 2647.7 µg h-1 cm-2 and high faradaic efficiency of 91.8 ± 0.1%. This work provides a new route for N-doped carbon-iron catalysis application and paves the way for addressing energy and environmental issues.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(1)2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617108

RESUMO

The modulation transfer function (MTF) is an important parameter for performance evaluation of optical imaging systems in photogrammetry and remote sensing; the slanted-edge method is one of the main methods for measuring MTF. To solve the problem of inaccurate edge detection by traditional methods under the conditions of noise and blur, this paper proposes a new method of MTF measurement with a slanted-edge method based on improved Zernike moments, which firstly introduces the Otsu algorithm to automatically determine the Zernike moment threshold for sub-pixel edge detection to precisely locate the edge points, then obtains LSF through edge point projection, ESF sampling point acquisition, smoothing, fitting, taking ESF curve differential and Gaussian fitting, and finally, accurately obtaining MTF by LSF Fourier transform and modulo normalization. Based on simulation experiments and outdoor target experiments, the reliability of the proposed algorithm is verified by the deviations of slanted-edge angle and MTF measurement, and the tolerance degree of edge detection to noise and ambiguity are analyzed. The results show that compared with ISO 12233, OMNI-sine method, Hough transform method and LSD method, this algorithm has the highest edge detection accuracy, the maximum tolerance of noise and ambiguity, and also improves the accuracy of MTF measurement.

16.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 19(1): e1010851, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652496

RESUMO

Systematically discovering protein-ligand interactions across the entire human and pathogen genomes is critical in chemical genomics, protein function prediction, drug discovery, and many other areas. However, more than 90% of gene families remain "dark"-i.e., their small-molecule ligands are undiscovered due to experimental limitations or human/historical biases. Existing computational approaches typically fail when the dark protein differs from those with known ligands. To address this challenge, we have developed a deep learning framework, called PortalCG, which consists of four novel components: (i) a 3-dimensional ligand binding site enhanced sequence pre-training strategy to encode the evolutionary links between ligand-binding sites across gene families; (ii) an end-to-end pretraining-fine-tuning strategy to reduce the impact of inaccuracy of predicted structures on function predictions by recognizing the sequence-structure-function paradigm; (iii) a new out-of-cluster meta-learning algorithm that extracts and accumulates information learned from predicting ligands of distinct gene families (meta-data) and applies the meta-data to a dark gene family; and (iv) a stress model selection step, using different gene families in the test data from those in the training and development data sets to facilitate model deployment in a real-world scenario. In extensive and rigorous benchmark experiments, PortalCG considerably outperformed state-of-the-art techniques of machine learning and protein-ligand docking when applied to dark gene families, and demonstrated its generalization power for target identifications and compound screenings under out-of-distribution (OOD) scenarios. Furthermore, in an external validation for the multi-target compound screening, the performance of PortalCG surpassed the rational design from medicinal chemists. Our results also suggest that a differentiable sequence-structure-function deep learning framework, where protein structural information serves as an intermediate layer, could be superior to conventional methodology where predicted protein structures were used for the compound screening. We applied PortalCG to two case studies to exemplify its potential in drug discovery: designing selective dual-antagonists of dopamine receptors for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD), and illuminating the understudied human genome for target diseases that do not yet have effective and safe therapeutics. Our results suggested that PortalCG is a viable solution to the OOD problem in exploring understudied regions of protein functional space.

17.
World J Surg Oncol ; 21(1): 26, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36710324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) has been accepted worldwide for treating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA), it is a very technical and challenging procedure. Also, it is unclear whether LPD is superior to open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). This study summarized the experience and efficacy of LPD for treating PDA in our medical center. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with PDA admitted at the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University from October 2019 and January 2021. Patients received either LPD or OPD. Clinical outcomes (operation time, duration of anesthesia, intraoperative hemorrhage), postoperative complications, and short-term outcomes were compared. Cox proportional hazard model and Kaplan-Meier method were used to analyze overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Among the PDA patients, 101 patients underwent surgical treatment, 4 patients converted from LPD to OPD, and 7 of them received conservative treatment. Forty-six patients were cured of LPD, and 1 of them died shortly after the operation. Moreover, 44 patients received OPD, and there were 2 postoperative deaths. There were significant differences in the location of the operation time, duration of anesthesia, postoperative hemorrhage, abdominal infections, and postoperative pneumonia between the two groups (all p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that LPD was an independent factor negatively correlated with the incidence of pneumonia (relative risk (RR) = 0.072, 95%CI: 0.016-0.326, p = 0.001) and abdominal infection (RR = 0.182, 95%CI: 0.047-0.709, p = 0.014). Also, there were no differences in OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.46, 95%CI: 0.60-3.53, p = 0.40) and PFS (HR = 1.46, 95%CI: 0.64-3.32, p = 0.37) at 12 months between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: LPD could be efficacy and feasible for managing selected PDA patients. Also, LPD has a better effect in reducing postoperative pneumonia and abdominal infection compared to OPD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação
18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715325

RESUMO

Cell cycle regulation is of paramount importance for all forms of life. Here, we report that a conserved and essential cell cycle-specific transcription factor (designated as aCcr1) and its viral homologs control cell division in Sulfolobales. We show that the transcription level of accr1 reaches peak during active cell division (D-phase) subsequent to the expression of CdvA, an archaea-specific cell division protein. Cells over-expressing the 58-aa-long RHH (ribbon-helix-helix) family cellular transcription factor as well as the homologs encoded by large spindle-shaped viruses Acidianus two-tailed virus (ATV) and Sulfolobus monocaudavirus 3 (SMV3) display significant growth retardation and cell division failure, manifesting as enlarged cells with multiple chromosomes. aCcr1 over-expression results in downregulation of 17 genes (>4-fold), including cdvA. A conserved motif, aCcr1-box, located between the TATA-binding box and the translation initiation site of 13 out of the 17 highly repressed genes, is critical for aCcr1 binding. The aCcr1-box is present in the promoters and 5' UTRs of cdvA genes across Sulfolobales, suggesting that aCcr1-mediated cdvA repression is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism by which archaeal cells dictate cytokinesis progression, whereas their viruses take advantage of this mechanism to manipulate the host cell cycle.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130164, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308938

RESUMO

This study proposed the fluidization-like dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma for the remediation of lindane contaminated soil and integrated physical and chemical reaction pathway. Soil particle distribution within the reactor was simulated with Euler-Euler and Gidaspow drag models, and a bipolar pulsed power supply was applied to energize the DBD reactor after full fluidized. The effect of soil particles movement on electric features was discussed in terms of voltage waveforms and Lissajous figures. Lindane degradation was found to be related to electrics parameters and soil properties. Soil samples before and after treatment were analyzed by XRD and SEM methods. A 95.98% lindane decomposition and 0.66 mgLindane/h average reaction rate were obtained with 3 wt% CaO injection by pulse power drove fluidization-like DBD after 32 min treatment. Ozone was proved to play a major role during lindane degrading by plasma. The reaction potential pathway of lindane decomposition contains 4 steps, including dehydrogen, dehydrochlorination, and dechlorination, respectively.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental , Poluentes do Solo , Hexaclorocicloexano/química , Poluentes do Solo/química , Solo , Poluição Ambiental
20.
Cell Cycle ; 22(4): 464-475, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533778

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is the most common complication in the pregnancy of women. PE progression was found to be associated with dysregulated circular RNAs (circRNAs), and we aimed to explore the pathological mechanism with circ_0004904 in PE. The circ_0004904, microRNA-19a-3p (miR-19a-3p) and DNA damage inducible alpha (GADD45A) were quantified via reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Trophoblast cell behaviors were examined by cell viability using Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, cell proliferation using EdU assay, cell apoptosis using flow cytometry, cell invasion using transwell assay and migration using wound healing assay. Western blot was used for protein analysis of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and GADD45A. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay were used for target interaction analysis. The circ_0004904 upregulation was detected in placenta tissues from PE patients. Trophoblast cell proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT were repressed but cell apoptosis was promoted after overexpression of circ_0004904. Circ_0004904 acted as a miR-19a-3p sponge in trophoblast cells, and all regulatory effects of circ_0004904 on trophoblast cell behaviors were reversed by miR-19a-3p upregulation. The miR-19a-3p directly targeted GADD45A and miR-19a-3p downregulation inhibited trophoblast cell development through elevating the GADD45A level. Moreover, circ_0004904 enhanced the expression of GADD45A via sponging miR-19a-3p. Our results elucidated that circ_0004904 reduced proliferation and cell motility of trophoblast cells via the miR-19a-3p-mediated GADD45A level elevation, indicating the involvement of circ_0004904/miR-19a-3p/GADD45A in PE progression.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Trofoblastos , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Dano ao DNA
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