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1.
Anal Chem ; 93(46): 15225-15230, 2021 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752059

RESUMO

The detection of microRNA (miRNA) in human serum has great significance for cancer prevention. Herein, a novel self-powered biosensing platform is developed, which effectively integrates an enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC)-based self-powered biosensor with a matching capacitor for miRNA detection. A catalytic hairpin assembly and hybrid chain reaction are used to improve the analytical performance of EBFC. Furthermore, the matching capacitor is selected as an auxiliary signal amplifying device, and graphdiyne is applied as substrate material for EBFC. The results confirm that the developed method obviously increases the output current of EBFC, and the sensitivity can reach 2.75 µA/pM, which is 786% of pure EBFC. MiRNA can be detected in an expanded linear range of 0.1-100000 fM with a detection limit of 0.034 fM (S/N = 3). It can offer a selective and sensitive platform for nucleotide sequence detection with great potential in clinical diagnostics.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Grafite , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/genética
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(8): 2875-2885, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664461

RESUMO

Biological soil crusts (BSCs), as a pioneer for vegetation restoration and crucial component of surface landscape, greatly affect land surface process. To explore the development of BSCs and its effects on soil water infiltration in karst region, we investigated the development of BSCs and analyzed the infiltration processes with different BSCs coverages (0, 28%, 40%, 70%, 97%) and rainfall intensities (42 and 132 mm·h-1) in simulating rainfall experiments on a typical karst slope. The results showed that there were significant differences in the development of BSCs for different land use types, whereas the spatial variation of BSCs development on the slope was not obvious under the same land use type. Compared to the bare plot, the presence of BSCs significantly increased surface roughness, the initial runoff generation time, and soil water infiltration. In the cases of light (42 mm·h-1) and intensive (132 mm·h-1) rainfall, the initial infiltration rate of BSCs covered plots were 1.7-1.9 times and 1.2-1.9 times as that of bare plot, while the average infiltration rate in BSCs covered plots were 2.5-3.0 times and 1.4-3.3 times as that of bare plot, respectively. The BSCs coverage was significantly positively correlated with the initial runoff production time. The critical values of facilitating infiltration of BSCs coverage were between 65% and 70% under the test rainfall intensities. For heavy rainfall events, the inhibiting effects of BSCs on surface runoff were weakened. Horton model was the most reliable one for describing the infiltration process on karst slope with BSCs, followed by Kostiakov model and Philip model. In conclusion, the spatial variability of BSCs development on the karst slope was higher. The presence of BSCs had a significant effect on soil permeability in karst region.


Assuntos
Solo , Água , Chuva , Água/análise , Movimentos da Água
4.
Chemosphere ; 283: 131210, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146880

RESUMO

Recently, the residues of quinolones have received widespread attention. However, toxicological studies on aquatic organisms are relatively scarce, especially on the liver metabolism and immune effects of these aquatic organisms. In this study, we investigated the toxic effects of carp exposed to 0, 100 ng/L, and 1 mg/L norfloxacin (NOR) at environmental concentrations for 42 days. In this study, through transcriptomics analysis, we found that some genes involved in lipid metabolism, immune response, and cytochrome P450 metabolism, especially genes accounting for the metabolism-related disorders of glucose and lipid. Defects in these genes and thus their related pathways increase the risk of coming down with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Compared to those of the control, results from the biochemical indicators of the treatment group changed significantly, including levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, and insulin. Moreover, our results confirmed that NOR at environmental concentrations disordered the metabolism of glucose and lipid in the carp also resulted in hepatocellular and nuclear enlargement. Our results, therefore, confirmed that long-term exposure to NOR can induce carp liver toxicity at histological, biochemical, and transcriptional levels and provided the latest data and theoretical basis for the toxicology study of quinolones in the natural environment.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Carpas/genética , Fígado , Norfloxacino/toxicidade , Transcriptoma , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
5.
Environ Pollut ; 287: 117612, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146995

RESUMO

Antibiotics are emerging pollutants in our environment. These treatments have been widely used for their low cost, convenient use, and prominent effects. However, the prolonged or excessive use of such drugs can cause toxicity in aquatic organisms. These effects include genotoxicity, metabolic alteration, delayed development and decreased immunity, which carry further risks for ecological systems. In the present study, juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were exposed to norfloxacin (NOR) for 42 days, with NOR concentrations ranging from 100 ng/L to 1 mg/L, to assess the effects of environmental concentrations of antibiotics, to investigate the effects of NOR on intestinal morphology, enzymatic activity, and transcriptomic levels of RNA in fish, as well as a risk assessment on human health was carried out. The results demonstrated that oxidative stress was induced, the barrier function of the intestine was damaged, and changes occurred in the expression of immune-related genes in fish chronically exposed to antibiotics. Moreover, NOR could affect the regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway. Thus, environmental concentrations of antibiotics can influence the intestinal health of fish and potentially posing health risks to humans.


Assuntos
Carpas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Intestinos , Norfloxacino/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 96: 107758, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162137

RESUMO

Atherosclsis is a critical actuator causing cardiac-cerebral vascular disease with a complicated pathogeneon, refered to the disorders of intestinal flora and persistent inflammation. Gastrodin (4-(hydroxymethyl) phenyl-ß-D- Glucopyranoside) is the most abundant glucoside extracted from the Gastrodiaelata, which is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine for cardiac-cerebral vascular disease, yet its mechanisms remain little known. In the present study, the gastrodia extract and gastrodin attenuate the lipid deposition and foam cells on the inner membrane of the inner membrane of the thoracic aorta in the early atherosclerosis mice. Blood lipid detection tips that TC and LDL-C were reduced in peripheral blood after treatment with the gastrodia extract and gastrodin. Furthermore, unordered gut microbes are remodeled in terms of bacterial diversity and abundance at family and genus level. Also, the intestinal mucosa damage and permeability were reversed, accompaniedwith the reducing of inflammatory cytokines. Our findings revealed that the functions of gastrodia extract and gastrodin in cardiac-cerebral vascular disease involved to rescued gut microbes and anti-inflammation may be the mechanismof remission lipid accumulation.

7.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 42(7): 1040-1054, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772141

RESUMO

Nano drug-delivery systems (DDS) may significantly improve efficiency and reduce toxicity of loaded drugs, but a few nano-DDS are highly successful in clinical use. Unprotected nanoparticles in blood flow are often quickly cleared, which could limit their circulation time and drug delivery efficiency. Elongating their blood circulation time may improve their delivery efficiency or grant them new therapeutic possibilities. Erythrocytes are abundant endogenous cells in blood and are continuously renewed, with a long life span of 100-120 days. Hence, loading nanoparticles on the surface of erythrocytes to protect the nanoparticles could be highly effective for enhancing their in vivo circulation time. One of the key questions here is how to properly attach nanoparticles on erythrocytes for different purposes and different types of nanoparticles to achieve ideal results. In this review, we describe various methods to attach nanoparticles and drugs to the erythrocyte surface, and discuss the key factors that influence the stability and circulation properties of the erythrocytes-based delivery system in vivo. These data show that using erythrocytes as a host for nanoparticles possesses great potential for further development.


Assuntos
Tempo de Circulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Engenharia Celular/métodos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Membrana Eritrocítica/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Elasticidade , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula
8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 137: 111271, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561643

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking-related lung injury is one of the most common and fatal etiologies of many respiratory diseases, for which no effective interventions are available. Astragaloside Ⅳ (ASⅣ) is an active component extracted from Astragalus membranaceus. It is prescribed as a treatment for upper respiratory tract infections. Here, we report the potential anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of ASⅣ on cigarette smoking extract- (CSE)-exposed RAW264.7 cells. Murine macrophages were exposed to CSE, followed by administration of ASⅣ at 25-100 µg/mL for 24 h. ASⅣ significantly rescued CSE-induced cell death by inhibition of release pro-inflammatory cytokines. We measured autophagy as an intracellular scavenger by analyzing autophagic flux using tandem mRFP-GFP-LC3 fluorescence microscopy. Following administration with ASⅣ in CSE-exposed RAW264.7 cells, there was a notable increase in autophagosomes and a range of autophagic vacuoles were generated, as seen with transmission electron microscopy. Loss of autophagy following transfection siRNA aggravated inflammatory injury and release of inflammatory cytokines. Mechanistically, ASⅣ-triggered autophagy is mediated by the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway to reduce inflammation. Taken together, our findings suggest that ASⅣ acts stimulates autophagy, and that ASⅣ induces autophagy by inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway, contributing to alleviation of inflammation.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol ; 30(1): 12-20, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597487

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Microwaves (MWs) quickly deliver relatively high temperatures into tumors and cover a large ablation zone. We present a research protocol for using water-cooled double-needle MW ablation arrays for tumor ablation here. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our research program includes computer modeling, tissue-mimicking phantom experiments, and in vitro swine liver experiments. The computer modeling is based on the finite element method (FEM) to evaluate ablation temperature distributions. In tissue-mimicking phantom and in vitro swine liver ablation experiments, the performances of the new device and the single-needle MW device currently used in clinical practice are compared. RESULTS: FEM shows that the maximum transverse ablation diameter (MTAD) is 4.2 cm at 100 W output and 300 s (assessed at the 50 °C isotherm). In the tissue-mimicking phantom, the MTDA is 2.6 cm at 50 W and 300 s in single-needle MW ablation, and 4 cm in double needle MW ablation array. In in vitro swine liver experiments, the MTAD is 2.820 ± 0.127 cm at 100 W and 300 s in single-needle MW ablation, and 3.847 ± 0.103 cm in MW ablation array. CONCLUSION: A new type of water-cooled MW ablation array is designed and tested, and has potential advantages over currently used devices.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Micro-Ondas , Animais , Computadores , Fígado/cirurgia , Suínos , Água
10.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 6137083, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684921

RESUMO

Hereditary hearing loss is one of the most common sensory disabilities worldwide. Mutation of POU domain class 4 transcription factor 3 (POU4F3) is considered the pathogenic cause of autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hearing loss (ADNSHL), designated as autosomal dominant nonsyndromic deafness 15. In this study, four novel variants in POU4F3, c.696G>T (p.Glu232Asp), c.325C>T (p.His109Tyr), c.635T>C (p.Leu212Pro), and c.183delG (p.Ala62Argfs∗22), were identified in four different Chinese families with ADNSHL by targeted next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines, c.183delG (p.Ala62Argfs∗22) is classified as a pathogenic variant, c.696G>T (p.Glu232Asp) and c.635T>C (p.Leu212Pro) are classified as likely pathogenic variants, and c.325C>T (p.His109Tyr) is classified as a variant of uncertain significance. Based on previous reports and the results of this study, we speculated that POU4F3 pathogenic variants are significant contributors to ADNSHL in the East Asian population. Therefore, screening of POU4F3 should be a routine examination for the diagnosis of hereditary hearing loss.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , Fator de Transcrição Brn-3C/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
11.
Curr Med Chem ; 27(22): 3735-3752, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501596

RESUMO

Ruthenium complexes have stood out by several mononuclear complexes which have entered into clinical trials, such as imidazolium [trans-RuCl4(1H-imidazole)(DMSO-S)] (NAMI-A) and ([Ru(II)(4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine)2-(2(2'-,2'':5'',2'''-terthiophene)-imidazo[4,5-f] [1,10]phenanthroline)] 2+) (TLD-1433), opening a new avenue for developing promising ruthenium-based anticancer drugs alternative to Cisplatin. Polynuclear ruthenium complexes were reported to exhibit synergistic and/or complementary effects: the enhanced DNA structural recognition and DNA binding as well as in vitro anticancer activities. This review overviews some representative polynuclear ruthenium complexes acting as DNA structural probes, DNA binders and in vitro anticancer agents, which were developed during last decades. These complexes are reviewed according to two main categories of homo-polynuclear and hetero-polynuclear complexes, each of which is further clarified into the metal centers linked by rigid and flexible bridging ligands. The perspective, challenges and future efforts for investigations into these exciting complexes are pointed out or suggested.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , DNA , Sondas de DNA , Compostos Organometálicos , Rutênio
12.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 3(8): 5420-5427, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35021715

RESUMO

A dinuclear Ru(II) complex of [(bpy)2Ru(Hdip)Ru(H2bip)](ClO4)4 {bpy is 2,2'-bipyridine, Hdip is 2-(2,6-di(pyridin-2-yl)-pyridin-4-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f]-[1,10]phenanthroline, and H2bip is 2,6-bis(imidazole-2-yl)-pyridine} was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Spectrophotometric pH titrations in aqueous buffer and in vitro cell experiments indicated the response ability of the complex to pH fluctuations in the physiological pH range (6.0-8.0). The complex was found to be capable of differentiating live HeLa cells from healthy HEK293 cells by selectively accumulating in lysosomes of the HeLa cells. The low cytotoxicity (IC50 > 100 µM), a large Stokes shift (∼200 nm), strong near-IR emission at ∼700 nm, a relatively long excited state lifetime, high photostability, and solubility make this complex considerably promising in real-time tracking and visualization of lysosomes in live cells. More interestingly, the tumor cell-specific two-photon luminescent imaging properties also endow this Ru complex with potential for applications in high-resolution tumor imaging and luminescence-guided tumor resection.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(20): 14244-14259, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595752

RESUMO

Near-IR-emitting and/or efficiently photodynamic water-soluble Ru(II) complexes that hold great application potentials as photodynamic therapy and/or photodetection agents for cancers have been poorly explored. In this paper, the solvatochromism, calf thymus DNA binding, and singlet oxygen generation properties of a known ruthenium(II) complex of visible-emitting [Ru(bpy)2(dtdpq)](ClO4)2 (Ru1) and a new homoleptic complex of near-IR-emitting [Ru(dtdpq)3](ClO4)2 (Ru2) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, dtdpq = 2,3-bis(thiophen-2-yl)pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanothroline) in water are reported. Moreover, DNA photocleavage, singlet oxygen generation in HeLa cells, cellular uptake/localization, and in vitro photodynamic therapy for cancer cells of water-soluble Ru1 are described in detail. The results show that Ru1 acted as potent photodynamic cancer therapy and mitochondrial imaging agents. Ru2 exhibited very strong solvatochromism from a visible emission maximum at 588 nm in CH2Cl2 to the near-IR region at 700 nm in water and singlet oxygen generation yield in water (23%) and DNA binding properties (intercalative DNA binding constant on the order of 106 M-1) comparable to those of Ru1, which should make Ru2 attractive for the aforementioned applications of Ru1 if the water solubility of Ru2 can be improved enough for the studies above.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , DNA de Neoplasias/efeitos dos fármacos , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia , Rutênio/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Oxigênio/análise , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Rutênio/química , Tiofenos/química
14.
Langmuir ; 35(20): 6571-6577, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002519

RESUMO

Adequate control over the structures of molecular building blocks plays an important role in the fabrication of desired supramolecular nanostructures at interfaces. In this study, the formation of a pure hydrogen-bonding co-assembly supramolecular nanonetwork on a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite surface was demonstrated by means of a scanning tunneling microscope. The thermal annealing process was conducted to monitor the temperature-triggered structural transformation of the self-assembled nanonetwork. On the basis of the single-molecule-level resolution scanning tunneling microscopy images, together with the density functional theory calculations, the formation mechanisms of the formed nanoarrays were proposed. The results have great significance with regard to controlled construction of complex nanostructures on the surface.

15.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(6): 798-804, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of positive resection margins (R1) in patients with low rectal cancer is substantial. Recommended remedies such as extended resection or chemoradiotherapy have their own serious drawbacks. It has been reported that photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a remedial treatment for esophageal cancer. Colorectal cancer and esophageal cancer has many similarities, however, PDT as a salvage therapy for rectal cancer is rare. CASE SUMMARY: Here, we describe a 56-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital due to a 6-mo history of hemafecia, which had been aggravated for 1 mo. Colonoscopy revealed a 3 cm × 4 cm ulcerated mass in the rectum 4 cm from the anus. Preoperative pathological examination showed villous adenoma, moderate-to-high-grade dysplasia, good differentiation, and invasion of the mucosal muscle. The patient had R1 after ultra-low anterior resection, but he refused extended resection and experienced severe liver function impairment after 3 cycles of chemotherapy. Ultimately, the patient underwent PDT to remove R1. After five years of follow-up, there was no liver function impairment, recurrence, metastasis, sexual dysfunction, or abnormal defecation function. CONCLUSION: This is the first case worldwide in which R1 of rectal cancer were successfully treated by PDT.

16.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 40(8): 1119-1126, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30760834

RESUMO

Successful prevention and treatment of hypertension depend on the appropriate combination of antihypertensive drug therapy and nondrug lifestyle modification. While most hypertension guidelines recommend moderate- to high-intensity exercise, we decided to explore a mild yet effective type of exercise to add to hypertension management, especially in populations with complications or frailty. After comparing the short-term cardiovascular effects of low-speed walking versus high-speed walking for 3 kilometers (km) (3 km/h versus 6 km/h) in young, healthy volunteers, we delivered low-speed walking (low-intensity walking, 2.5 metabolic equivalents of task, METs) as exercise therapy in 42 prehypertensive and 43 hypertensive subjects. We found that one session of 3 km low-intensity walking exerted a transient pressure-lowering effect as well as a mild negative chronotropic effect on heart rate in both the prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects; these short-term benefits on blood pressure and heart rate were accompanied by a brief increase in urine ß-endorphin output. Then we prescribed regular low-intensity walking with a target exercise dose (exercise volume) of 500-1000 METs·min/week (50-60 min/day and 5-7 times/week) in hypertensive subjects in addition to their daily activities. Regular low-intensity walking also showed mild but significant blood pressure-lowering and heart rate-reducing effects in 7 hypertensive subjects within two months. It is hypothesized that regular low-intensity exercise of the necessary dose could be taken as a pragmatic and supplementary medication for hypertension management.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/terapia , Pré-Hipertensão/terapia , Caminhada , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pré-Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , beta-Endorfina/urina
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 655: 147-157, 2019 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30469060

RESUMO

Dongting Lake is the second largest freshwater lake in China and is one of the globally important wintering sites for migratory waterbirds in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Crucial sites and environmental variables for wintering migratory waterbirds are of great concern in the Dongting Lake wetlands. In this research, based on annual (2003/2004-2016/2017) waterbird and habitat census data, we recognized the crucial sites for waterbirds during wintering seasons by comparing the difference of waterbird populations at the community, foraging guild and species levels in different natural wetlands within East Dongting Lake, and then identified the crucial environmental variables affecting waterbird distributions by analyzing the relationship between waterbird populations and the environmental variables, including vegetation area, mudflat area, water area with the depth of 0-20 cm, water area with the depth of 20-50 cm, water area with the depth of 50-100 cm, water area with the depth >100 cm, growth status of vegetation (Min, Mean and Max NDVI), and the human disturbance. Results indicated that five natural wetlands, i.e., Daxiaoxi, Chunfeng, Baihu lakes, Dingzi dyke and Tanjiaweizi, were recognized as the crucial wintering sites for migratory waterbirds in the East Dongting Lake. Among the ten selected environmental variables, water areas with the depth of 0-20 cm, 20-50 cm and >100 cm, human disturbance, Min and Mean NDVIs were identified as the crucial environmental variables overall. Waterbirds at different levels exhibited significant linear relationship with certain environmental variables, with the exception of Bean goose and Lesser White-fronted goose at the species level, which showed Gaussian distribution with changes in mean NDVI. The crucial environmental variables appeared to be foraging guild- and species-specific. These findings provide significant information for managers to understand the differences of wetlands and waterbird populations within East Dongting Lake, and to make more targeted conservation efforts.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Gansos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lagos , Áreas Alagadas , Animais , China , Ecossistema , Gansos/classificação , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Dinâmica Populacional , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Estações do Ano
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(18): 3488-3496, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218932

RESUMO

The Dioscorea hypoglauca rhizome and D. spongiosa rhizome in "China Pharmacopoeia" are often used as Bixie in clinically, with the function of removing dampness, clearing away turbidness and dispelling wind to remove pain, and has been widely used in stranguria marked by chyluria, joint stiffness and rheumatic arthralgia. It has obvious curative effect and broad application prospect. However, in recent years the progress of research is slow for its miscellaneous sources, chaotic varieties and lack of relevant quality assessment. The previous research on Bixie is mainly reflected in the chemical compositions, mainly including steroids, diarylheptanoids and lignans and so on. Among them, steroidal saponins are the main components and the main effective substances for their pharmacological activities. Recent studies have shown that Bixie and its main components have significant effects in anti-trioxypurine, anti-inflammation, analgesia and anti-osteoporosis, and have made great progress, providing an experimental basis for the research and development of clinical drugs. But the specific substance and specific mechanism of its pharmacological action are not clear, and need further exploration. By consulting the relevant literature at home and abroad, the author has summarized the chemical constituents, quality evaluation, pharmacological action of Bixie, hoping to provide a reference for further research, development and utilization of Bixie.


Assuntos
Dioscorea/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , China , Dioscorea/classificação , Lignanas/farmacologia , Fitosteróis/farmacologia , Saponinas/farmacologia
19.
ACS Nano ; 11(11): 11701-11713, 2017 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29091396

RESUMO

Electron-rich (donor) and electron-deficient (acceptor) units to construct donor-acceptor (D-A) conjugated macrocycles were investigated to elucidate their interactions with electron-deficient fullerene. Triphenylamine and 4,7-bisthienyl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole were alternately linked through acetylene, as the donor and acceptor units, respectively, for pentagonal 3B2A and hexagonal 4B2A macrocycles. As detected by scanning tunneling microscopy, both D-A macrocycles were found to form an interesting concentration-controlled nanoporous monolayer on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite, which could effectively capture fullerene. Significantly, the fullerene filling was cavity-size-dependent with only one C70 or PC71BM molecule accommodated by 3B2A, while two were accommodated by 4B2A. Density functional theory calculations were also utilized to gain insight into the host-guest systems and indicted that the S···π contact is responsible for stabilizing these host-guest systems. Owing to the ellipsoidal shape of C70, C70 molecules are standing or lying in molecular cavities depending on the energy optimization. For the 3B2A/PC71BM blended film, PC71BM was intercalated into the cavity formed by the macrocycle 3B2A and provided excellent power conversion efficiency despite the broad band gap (2.1 eV) of 3B2A. This study of D-A macrocycles incorporating fullerene provides insights into the interaction mechanism and electronic structure in the host-guest complexes. More importantly, this is a representative example using D-A macrocycles as a donor to match with the spherical fullerene acceptor for photovoltaic applications, which offer a good approach to achieve molecular scale p-n junctions for substantially enhanced efficiencies of organic solar cells through replacing linear polymer donors by cyclic conjugated oligomers.

20.
Open Biol ; 6(4): 150159, 2016 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27248656

RESUMO

A high-salt diet often leads to a local intrarenal increase in renal hypoxia and oxidative stress, which are responsible for an excess production of pathogenic substances. Here, Wistar Kyoto/spontaneous hypertensive (WKY/SHR) rats fed a high-salt diet developed severe proteinuria, resulting from pronounced renal inflammation, fibrosis and tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. All these were mainly non-pressure-related effects. Hsp90ß, TGF-ß, HIF-1α, TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 were shown to be highly expressed in response to salt loading. Next, we found that Hsp90ß might play the key role in non-pressure-related effects of salt loading through a series of cellular signalling events, including the NF-κB, p38 activation and Bcl-2 inactivation. Hsp90ß was previously proven to regulate the upstream mediators in multiple cellular signalling cascades through stabilizing and maintaining their activities. In our study, 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG) or Hsp90ß knockdown dramatically alleviated the high-salt-diet-induced proteinuria and renal damage without altering blood pressure significantly, when it reversed activations of NF-κB, mTOR and p38 signalling cascades. Meanwhile, Co-IP results demonstrated that Hsp90ß could interact with and stabilize TAK1, AMPKα, IKKα/ß, HIF-1α and Raptor, whereas Hsp90ß inhibition disrupted this process. In addition, Hsp90ß inhibition-mediated renal improvements also accompanied the reduction of renal oxidative stress. In conclusion, salt loading indeed exhibited non-pressure-related impacts on proteinuria and renal dysfunction in WKY/SHR rats. Hsp90ß inhibition caused the destabilization of upstream mediators in various pathogenic signalling events, thereby effectively ameliorating this nephropathy owing to renal hypoxia and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/metabolismo , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Nefropatias/complicações , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Túbulos Renais/efeitos dos fármacos , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Lactamas Macrocíclicas/farmacologia , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteinúria/complicações , Proteinúria/fisiopatologia , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta
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