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1.
Lab Med ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic values of serum PIVKA-II (prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) and the combination of these analytes for identifying hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to analyze the correlation between biomarkers and clinicopathological features of HCC. METHODS: The levels of PIVKA-II and AFP in 331 case individuals were determined by upconverting phosphor technology-based immune lateral flow (UPT-LF) assay. We used the ROC curve to determine the diagnostic value; the relationships between the biomarkers and clinicopathological features of HCC also were analyzed. RESULTS: AFP and PIVKA-II have good diagnostic performance in the diagnosis of HCC; the best AUC was 0.76, 0.74. High levels of PIVKA-II were more advantageous than AFP in predicting tumor size, portal-vein embolism, and vascular invasion (all P <.05). CONCLUSION: Levels of PIVKA-II and AFP showed good diagnostic value for HCC, but the level of PIVKA-II was more closely related to the clinicopathological features of HCC.

2.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paeonol is extracted and isolated as a rich and sustainable natural bioresource from the root bark of Paeonia suffruticosa, the derivatives of which exhibit numerous biological activities. It is well known that ester compounds play a very important role in pest control, such as organophosphorus, carbamate and pyrethroid pesticides. RESULTS: To discover biorational natural product-based pesticides, three series of (60) paeonol ester derivatives (7a-t, 8g,p, 9g,p, 10g-j,n-u, 11g,u, 12g,u, 13a-p, 14b,c, and 15b,c) were prepared by structural modification of paeonol, and their structures were well characterized by 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR, HRMS, and melting point. Furthermore, we assessed the compounds as insecticidal, nematicidal, and anti-oomycete agents against three serious agricultural pests, Mythimna separata, Heterodera glycines, and Phytophthora capsici. Among all tested compounds, 1) Compound 8p showed more significant insecticidal activity than toosendanin, and the final mortality rates of 8p and toosendanin against M. separata (1 mg/mL) were 70.4%, and 51.9%, respectively; 2) Compound 7a exhibited more promising nematicidal activity than paeonol, and the LC50 values of 7a and 1 against H. glycines were 15.47 and 50.80 mg/L, respectively; 3) Compounds 7n and 13m displayed more significant anti-oomycete activity compared to zoxamide against P. capsici, and the EC50 values of 7n, 13m, and zoxamide were 23.72, 24.51, and 26.87 mg/L, respectively; and the protective effect of the compounds against P. capsici in vivo further confirmed the effectiveness of the agents. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that the introduction of a nitro at the C5 or C3 position of paeonol could improve its bioactivity against M. separata, H. glycines, and P. capsici. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 2789-2794, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535054

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the association and application value of rheumatoid factor (RF) in diagnosis of dry eye among patients with common autoimmune diseases. Patients and Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted from Jan 1st 2019 to Dec 31st 2020, and 117 patients with common autoimmune diseases were enrolled. The concentrations of serum RF were detected. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the values of RF in diagnosis. Results: Compared with no dry eye patients, patients with dry eye (n = 59, 50.43%) had higher levels of RF (P < 0.001). Moreover, Pearson's correlation analysis showed that RF levels were negatively correlated with Schirmer-I tear test (P = 0.004) and invasive tear film break-up time (P = 0.002), respectively. The statistically significant threshold value (cut-off points) of the RF levels for dry eye was 21.4 (IU/mL), and the areas under the curve (AUC) of RF was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.639-0.821; P < 0.001) (sensitivity = 78%; specificity = 58.6%) for dry eye among patients with common autoimmune diseases. Conclusion: Serum levels of RF may be an independent factor for dry eye among patients with common autoimmune diseases, and they may have a high significant value and clinical application value.

4.
Int J Genomics ; 2022: 2417351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535346

RESUMO

Background: Neuroblastoma (NB) is the third most common malignant tumor in children. The inflammation is believed to be closely related to NB patients' prognosis. However, there is no comprehensive research to study the role of inflammatory response-related gene (IRRG) in NB patients. Methods: We downloaded the gene expression profiles of NB patients from GEO and TARGET database, and the expression of 200 IRRGs was extracted. Then, we performed differentially analysis between INSS stage 4 and INSS stage 4S NB patients. The univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to screen out the overall survival- (OS-) and event-free survival- (EFS-) related IRRGs in GSE49710, and two signatures were constructed; both signatures were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survival curve and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Finally, the TARGET cohort was used to validate IRRG signatures, and the independence of the prognostic IRRG signatures was evaluated by integrating clinical information. Results: We screened out 10 OS-related IRRGs and 11 EFS-related IRRGs. Then, we identified that OS- and EFS-related IRRG signatures and found that the OS and EFS of NB patients in the low-risk group were significantly superior than those in the high-risk group (both P value < 0.0001). The AUC values of 3-, 5-, and 7-year OS are 0.910, 0.933, and 0.921, respectively, and 3-, 5-, and 7-year EFS are 0.840, 0.835, and 0.837, respectively. In addition, we found that both IRRG signatures can be used as independent prognostic indicators for patients with NB. Both IRRG signatures still have good predictive ability in validation cohort. Conclusions: We constructed and validated two prognostic gene signatures based on IRRGs. Our study helped us to better understand the role of inflammation in NB and provided new insights for the prognosis assessment and treatment strategy for NB patients.

5.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560978

RESUMO

To discover novel molecules with unique mechanism against plant pathogenic oomycetes, sixteen new sulfonate derivatives of ethyl maltol (3a-p) were synthesized by structural modification of 2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4H-pyran-4-one, and their anti-oomycete activity against a serious agricultural disease, Phytophthora capsici Leonian was determined in this study. Among all tested compounds, derivatives 3e, 3m and 3p exhibited the most potent anti-oomycete activity against P. capsici with EC50 values of 19.40, 21.04 and 31.10 mg/L, respectively; especially 3e and 3m showed the best promising and pronounced anti-oomycete activity than zoxamide (EC50 = 26.87 mg/L). The results further proved that 4-tert-butylphenylsulfonyl group, 3-nitro-4-chlorophenylsulfonyl group and 8-quinolinesulfonyl group introduced at the hydroxyl position of ethyl maltol or maltol were necessary for obtaining the most potent compounds. Further mechanism studies of P. capsici treated with 3e demonstrated that this compound can affect the growth of mycelia by disrupting the integrity of the membrane, and the higher the concentration of the compound is, the greater the degree of membrane integrity damage. These important results will pave the way for further modification of ethyl maltol to develop potential new fungicides.

6.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564155

RESUMO

Phase-selective synthesis is an effective way to expand the ultra-thin transition metal carbide family and tune its properties. Herein, a chemical vapor deposition route with specially designed substrate (Ta wire-Cu foil-Mo foil) is carried out to synthesize Mo-Ta-C ternary nanosheets with tunable phase structure. The Ta atoms diffuse on the surface of liquid copper and Mo atoms diffuse through the liquid copper to the surface, which react with the carbon atoms decomposed from the methane and form the Mo-Ta-C ternary nanosheets. By precisely tailoring the Mo/Ta ratio and growth temperature, ultrathin layered orthorhombic (Mo2/3Ta1/3)2C nanosheets and non-layered cubic (Mo0.13Ta0.87) C nanosheets with thickness of 21 and 4 nm are selectively synthesized. The approach could pave the way for the formation of multi-component carbide nanosheets with controllable phases.

7.
EBioMedicine ; 80: 104022, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a deep learning-based segmentation system for rapid on-site cytopathology evaluation (ROSE) to improve the diagnostic efficiency of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter, diagnostic study was conducted using 5345 cytopathological slide images from 194 patients who underwent EUS-FNA. These patients were from Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital (109 patients), Wuxi People's Hospital (30 patients), Wuxi Second People's Hospital (25 patients), and The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University (30 patients). A deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) system was developed to segment cell clusters and identify cancer cell clusters with cytopathological slide images. Internal testing, external testing, subgroup analysis, and human-machine competition were used to evaluate the performance of the system. FINDINGS: The DCNN system segmented stained cells from the background in cytopathological slides with an F1-score of 0·929 and 0·899-0·938 in internal and external testing, respectively. For cancer identification, the DCNN system identified images containing cancer clusters with AUCs of 0·958 and 0·948-0·976 in internal and external testing, respectively. The generalizable and robust performance of the DCNN system was validated in sensitivity analysis (AUC > 0·900) and was superior to that of trained endoscopists and comparable to cytopathologists on our testing datasets. INTERPRETATION: The DCNN system is feasible and robust for identifying sample adequacy and pancreatic cancer cell clusters. Prospective studies are warranted to evaluate the clinical significance of the system. FUNDING: Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation; Nanjing Medical Science and Technology Development Funding; National Natural Science Foundation of China.

9.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 33(6): 44, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575837

RESUMO

This study investigated the corrosion susceptibility of pure titanium under uric acid exposure for 7 days based on surface analysis. The prepared pure titanium specimens, exposed to different concentrations of uric acid, were examined for surface microstructure, surface element composition and surface wettability using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and static contact angle measurement, respectively. The corrosion behaviors of titanium specimens were measured by open-circuit potential (OCP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization. The titanium ion release from the prepared specimens, which were immersed in Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) containing different amount of uric acid, was measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). More irregular pitting holes were observed on titanium surfaces exposed to a high concentration of uric acid, and XPS analyses revealed that the amount of titanium dioxide (TiO2) decreased. Titanium surfaces pre-treated with high uric acid became more hydrophobic. Furthermore, the results of OCP and potentiodynamic polarization tests showed increased corrosion susceptibility of titanium samples, while EIS data indicated more active corrosion behavior of titanium materials. The high concentration of uric acid also induced titanium ion release. High concentration of uric acid negatively influenced the surface characteristics and corrosion properties of titanium materials, which destroyed the titanium oxide film barrier. High uric acid exposure increased corrosion susceptibility of pure titanium specimens and accelerated titanium ion release. Graphical abstract.

11.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 724: 109266, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523269

RESUMO

Fibrosis is one of the crucial reasons for cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). Understanding the underlying molecular mechanism that causes fibrosis is crucial to developing effective therapy. Recently, OUT domain-containing 7B (OTUD7B), also called Cezanne, a multifunctional deubiquitylate, has been found to play various roles in cancer and vascular diseases and control many important signaling pathways, including inflammation, proliferation, and so on. However, whether OTUD7B plays a role in fibrosis caused by MI remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore the function of OTUD7B in cardiac fibrosis and investigate the underlying mechanism. We found that the expression of OTUD7B was downregulated in the MI rat model and cultured cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) in hypoxic conditions and after TGF-ß1 treatment. In vitro, silencing OTUD7B using small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased α-SMA (smooth muscle actin α) and collagen Ⅰ levels in CFs, whereas the overexpression of OTUD7B using adenovirus decreased their expression. Mechanistically, OTUD7B could regulate the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase that has been proved to act as a potential mediator of fibrosis, and ERK/P38 MAPK was involved in this regulation process. In vitro, overexpression of OTUD7B downregulated the phosphorylation level of FAK and then inhibited ERK/P38 phosphorylation, thus leading to decreased α-SMA and collagen Ⅰ expressions, while OTUD7B knockdown showed an opposite result. These findings suggest that OTUD7B could become a potentially effective therapeutic strategy against fibrosis after MI.

12.
Methods ; 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436514

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant eukaryotic modification internal mRNA, which plays the crucial roles in the occurrence and development of cancer. However, current knowledge about m6A-mediated functional circuit and key genes targeted by m6A methylation in cancer is mostly elusive. Thus, here we proposed a novel network-based approach (called m6Acancer-Net) to identify m6A-mediated driver genes and their associated network in specific type of cancer, such as acute myeloid leukemia. m6A-mediated cancer driver genes are defined as genes mediated by m6A methylation, significantly mutated, and functionally interacted in cancer. m6Acancer-Net identified the m6A-mediated cancer driver genes by combining gene functional interaction network with RNA methylation, gene expression and mutation information. A cancer-specific gene-site heterogeneous network was firstly constructed by connecting the m6A site co-methylation network with the functional interaction pruned gene co-expression network generated from large scale gene expression profile of specific cancer. Then, the functional m6A-mediated genes were identified by selecting the m6A regulators as seed genes to perform the random walk with restart algorithm on the gene-site heterogeneous network. Finally, m6A-mediated cancer driver gene subnetworks were constructed by performing the heat diffusion of mutation frequency for functional m6A-mediated genes in protein-protein interaction networks. The experimental results of m6Acancer-Net on the acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) data from TCGA project show that the m6A-mediated caner driver genes identified by m6Acancer-Net are targeted by m6A regulators, and mediate significant cancer-related pathways. They play crucial roles in development and prognostic stratification of cancer. Moreover, 15 m6A-mediated cancer driver genes identified in AML are validated by literatures to mediate AML progress, and 14 m6A-mediated cancer driver genes identified in GBM are validated by literatures to participate in development of GBM. m6Acancer-Net is reliable to identify the functionally significant m6A-mediated driver genes in specific cancer, and it can effectively facilitate the understanding of regulatory and therapeutic mechanism of cancer driver genes in epitranscriptome layer.

13.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 837774, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444569

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) to relieve peripartum anxiety and depressive symptoms in women undergoing cesarean section with combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. Methods: This double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial was conducted in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March 2021 and May 2021. One hundred and forty-eight full-term parturients giving birth by elective cesarean section were selected, and 126 were included in the intent-to-treat analysis. Parturients were provided standardized anesthesia and randomized to the active-tES (a-tES) group and sham-tES group. Parturients and outcome assessors were blinded to treatment allocation. The primary outcome was the changes in peripartum mental health disorders, including anxiety, assessed by the Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-Revised 2 (PRAQ-R2). Secondary outcomes included peripartum depressive symptoms, assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), maternal satisfaction, fatigue level, sleep quality index, and pain score during and after operation. Data were collected before entering the operating room (T0), between post-anesthesia and pre-surgery (T1), before leaving the operating room (T2), and at 24 h post-surgery (T3). Results: One hundred and twenty-six eligible parturients were enrolled in the two groups: a-tES group (N = 62) and sham-tES group (N = 64). Treatment with tES resulted in significantly lower scores of anxiety compared with sham-tES (T2: P < 0.001; T3: P = 0.001). Moreover, the a-tES groups showed a significant reduction in depression scores (T2: P = 0.003; T3: P = 0.032). Conclusion: In this randomized pilot study, tES treatment is efficacious in alleviating peripartum anxiety and depressive symptoms in women undergoing cesarean section and has been demonstrated to be a novel strategy for improving peripartum mental health disorders. Clinical Trial Registration: [www.chictr.org.cn], identifier [ChiCTR2000040963].

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(7): 3293-3312, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417854

RESUMO

Metastasis is the major cause of death in gastric cancer patients and altered expression of Nrf2 is associated with cancer development. This study assessed Nrf2 and HO-1 expression and hypoxia-induced Nrf2 expression in the promotion of metastatic potential of gastric cancer cells, the relationship of Rap1b and Nrf2 was also discussed. Nrf2 and HO-1 expression were significantly associated with clinicopathological characteristic and were independent prognostic predictors in gastric cancer patients. Hypoxia up-regulated the expression of Nrf2, HO-1 and HIF-1α, whereas knockdown of Nrf2 inhibited cell invasion capacity and reduced the expression of Nrf2, HO-1 and HIF-1α. Patients in the Rap1b (+) Nrf2 (+) group had worst overall survival compared with those from other groups. Knockdown of Rap1b and Nrf2 significantly inhibited cell invasion capacity in the common group compared with the other groups. Hypoxia or VEGF-A facilitated the nuclear translocation of Nrf2 through Rap1b or VEGFR2. Hypoxia or VEGF-A did not induce the phosphorylation of P-Erk1/2 and P-Akt after knockdown of Rap1b or VEGFR2. Hypoxia promoted the gastric cancer malignant behavior through the upregulation of Rap1b and Nrf2. Hypoxia/VEGF-A-Rap1b/VEGFR2 facilitated the nuclear translocation of Nrf2. Targeting Rap1b and Nrf2 may be a novel therapeutic strategy for gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Neoplasias Gástricas , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fator de Transcrição de Proteínas de Ligação GA/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Proteínas rap de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rap de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
15.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 41: 9603271221088996, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382644

RESUMO

With the development of the times, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are being received by more and more people. We compared the different effects of e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with the typical e-cigarette aerosol extracts (ECA) and cigarette smoking extracts (CS) sourced from commercial retail stores. HUVECs were treated with different kinds of ECA or CS with different nicotinic concentrations (0.03125, 0.125, 0.5, 2, 8, or 32 µg/mL). Cell viability was examined by the MTT assay. The cell apoptosis was investigated by acridine orange (AO) and Hoechst 33258 staining. The RT-PCR and western blot assays were used to analyze the adhesion molecules and inflammation cytokines released by HUVECs. Furthermore, the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was observed by fluorescence microscopy. Our data showed that the CS (nicotine concentration at 0.125 µg/mL could decrease the viability of HUVECs by 71%, but not the four kinds of ECA. The apoptotic ratio was about 32.5% in the CS group. No matter the levels of adhesion molecules, inflammation cytokines or ROS, they were higher in CS groups than in ECA groups. Overall, the four kinds of e-cigarettes induced significantly less cytotoxicity than the commercially available tobacco cigarettes in HUVECs. The CS showed the most severe impact on HUVECs. ECA might provide a harm reduction measure, especially in cardiovascular risk, after people switch from tobacco cigarettes to e-cigarettes.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Aerossóis , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Inflamação , Tabaco/toxicidade
16.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2022: 8447675, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462789

RESUMO

Objective: Identifying new markers of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is critical event to predict patient stratification and prognosis. The aim of the present study is to analyze alteration of urinary protein expression and screen potential valuable biomarkers in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE). Methods: The urine was collected from the patients with or without JSLE and detected by mass spectrometry to analyze proteomic changes. ELISA was used to verify the Vitronectin (VTN) changes in a new set of patients. The clinical correlation was performed to analyze between VTN and clinical pathological parameters. WB and ELISA were used to analyze VTN-mediated cell pyroptosis. Results: Herein, we have identified a group of 105 differentially expressed proteins with ≥1.3-fold upregulation or ≤0.77-fold downregulation in JSLE patients. These proteins were involved in several important biological processes, including acute phase inflammatory responses, complement activation, hemostasis, and immune system regulation through Gene Ontology and functional enrichment analysis. Interestingly, urinary ephrin type-A receptor 4 (EPHA4) and VTN were significantly reduced in both inactive and active JSLE patients, and VTN treatment in THP-1 derived macrophages led to a significant increased cell pyroptosis by activation of Nod-like receptor family protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes, resulting in caspase-1 activation, cleaved gasdermin D (GSDMD), and IL-18 secretion. Most importantly, the urinary VTN was also linearly correlated with clinical characteristics of JSLE, implying that VTN could be a specific diagnostic biomarker to distinguish inactive and active JSLE. Conclusion: This study provided a novel role of VTN in pyroptosis in JSLE through the urinary proteomic profile for JSLE, which could be a nonintrusive monitoring strategy in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Piroptose , Vitronectina , Biomarcadores/urina , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/urina , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/urina , Proteômica , Piroptose/fisiologia , Receptor EphA4/urina , Vitronectina/urina
17.
RSC Adv ; 12(17): 10496-10503, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424973

RESUMO

NiO combined with conductive materials is a practicable way to improve its catalytic property for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) by enhancing its electrical conductivity. Herein, Ni@NiO@graphite nanoparticles less than 20 nm in average diameter were synthesized by a one-step chemical vapor deposition process. Due to the deliberately controlled lack of oxygen, Ni particles and carbon clusters decomposed from NiCp2 precursors were oxidized incompletely and formed Ni@NiO core-shell nanoparticles coated by a graphite layer. The thickness of the graphite layer and the content of Ni were controlled by varying deposition temperature. The electrochemical activity towards the oxygen evolution reaction was assessed within alkaline media. Compared with commercial NiO powder, the Ni@NiO@graphite nanoparticles with the unique core-shell microstructure exhibit excellent OER performance, i.e., an overpotential of 330 mV (vs. RHE) at 10 mA cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 49 mV dec-1, due to the improved electrical conductivity and more active sites. This work provides a facile and rapid strategy to produce nanoparticles with unique microstructures as highly active electrocatalysts for the OER.

18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 791799, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401532

RESUMO

Yersinia pestis, the cause of plague, is a newly evolved Gram-negative bacterium. Through the acquisition of the plasminogen activator (Pla), Y. pestis gained the means to rapidly disseminate throughout its mammalian hosts. It was suggested that Y. pestis utilizes Pla to interact with the DEC-205 (CD205) receptor on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to initiate host dissemination and infection. However, the evolutionary origin of Pla has not been fully elucidated. The PgtE enzyme of Salmonella enterica, involved in host dissemination, shows sequence similarity with the Y. pestis Pla. In this study, we demonstrated that both Escherichia coli K-12 and Y. pestis bacteria expressing the PgtE-protein were able to interact with primary alveolar macrophages and DEC-205-transfected CHO cells. The interaction between PgtE-expressing bacteria and DEC-205-expressing transfectants could be inhibited by the application of an anti-DEC-205 antibody. Moreover, PgtE-expressing Y. pestis partially re-gained the ability to promote host dissemination and infection. In conclusion, the DEC-205-PgtE interaction plays a role in promoting the dissemination and infection of Y. pestis, suggesting that Pla and the PgtE of S. enterica might share a common evolutionary origin.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli K12 , Salmonella enterica , Yersinia pestis , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Ativadores de Plasminogênio
19.
Atherosclerosis ; 347: 1-16, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oxidative stress and abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) influence atherosclerosis formation and development. Oxidative stress significantly influences the abnormal proliferation and migration of VSMCs, and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a major antioxidant factor. However, the precise function of Nrf2 in the regulation of abnormal proliferation and migration of VSMCs and atherosclerosis is unclear. METHODS: We investigated the proliferation and migration of VSMCs in atherosclerosis in male Apoe-/- and Apoe-/-Nrf2-/- mice fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks. In cultured mouse VSMCs, we studied the effect of Nrf2 on ox-LDL-stimulated proliferation and migration by using siRNA treatment to silence Nrf2. We then performed dual luciferase reporter and immunoprecipitation assays to study the interaction between Nrf2 and the promoter sequence of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1). RESULTS: Our results demonstrate that Nrf2 expression levels were increased in the aorta and VSMCs of mice in the atherosclerosis model group compared with the control group. We also provide evidence that Nrf2 deficiency attenuated atherosclerotic plaque burden, diminished proliferation, and migration of VSMCs but enhanced VSMC-specific marker gene expression in vitro and in vivo. This is related to Nrf2 binding to the promoter sequence of LOX-1. Furthermore, Nrf2 downregulation contributes to restrain both transcriptional and translational activities of LOX-1. CONCLUSIONS: Together, our data indicate that Nrf2 insufficiency is linked to attenuation of atherosclerosis, and could diminish the pathological process by blunting LOX-1-mediated proliferation and migration of VSMCs.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Músculo Liso Vascular , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Receptores Depuradores Classe E , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/deficiência , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Receptores Depuradores Classe E/genética , Receptores Depuradores Classe E/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Chem Biodivers ; 19(4): e202101039, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35261147

RESUMO

In order to discover highly active fungicides, sixteen novel sulfonate derivatives of Fenjuntong were synthesized by structural modification of 2'-hydroxybutyrophenone, and their anti-oomycete activity against Phytophthora capsici Leonian was determined in this study. Among all tested compounds, compound 3b displayed more significant anti-oomycete activity than the precursor Fenjuntong against P. capsici, and the EC50 values of 3b and Fenjuntong were 84.50 and 517.25 mg/L, respectively. By comparing the anti-oomycete activity of compounds 3a-p, I-a-p, and II-a-p, the following conclusions were drawn: (1) Hydroxy group is well tolerated, and sulfonylation of hydroxy group enhances its anti-oomycete activity. (2) The proper length of the ketone carbonyl chain is very important for their anti-oomycete activity. (3) The presence of a site methoxy group in the structural skeleton is closely related to the anti-oomycete activity. These important results will pave the way for further modification of Fenjuntong to develop potential new fungicides.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais , Phytophthora , Fungicidas Industriais/química , Doenças das Plantas
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