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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 176: 112942, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401144

RESUMO

2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) with strong contagion in the crowd, has ravaged worldwide and severely impacts the human health and epidemic prevention system, by producing a series of significant stress reactions in the body to induce further cytokine storm. Transcription factors (TFs) served as essential DNA binding proteins play an integral role in regulating cytokine storm, and the detection of it in the human coronavirus environment provides especially valuable approaches to diagnosis and treatment of 2019-nCoV and development of antiviral drugs. In this work, an entropy-driven electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was constructed for ultra-sensitive bioassay of NF-κB p50. The strategy primarily capitalizing the splendid double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) binding properties of transcription factors, employing GOAu-Ru composite material as ECL emitter, utilizing entropy-driven reactions for signal amplification method, offered a repeatable proposal for TFs detection. In the absence of TFs, the released DNA1 further went in the entropy-driven reaction, contributing to an "ECL off" state. However, in the presence of TFs, the dsDNA avoided being digested, which blocked DNA1 for participating in the entropy-driven reaction, and the system exhibited an "ECL on" state. Most importantly, the ECL bioanalytical method denoted broad application prospects for NF-κB p50 detection with a lower detection limit (9.1 pM).

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448221

RESUMO

Nowadays, films with antibacterial activity and applied for freshness monitoring by colorimetric response have been drawing growing attention in food packaging. However, the development of versatile antibacterial and colorimetric agents is still highly desirable. Herein, WO3 nanorods are incorporated in a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) matrix to develop a novel composite film with photothermal antibacterial activity and freshness monitoring faculty. The interaction between WO3 nanorods and PVA is due to hydrogen bonds. Compared with the PVA film, the presence of WO3 nanorods can significantly enhance the mechanical and barrier properties; typically, the target film (WO3/PVA)4 shows an increase in tensile strength by 52.7% and Young's modulus by 400.0% and a decrease in oxygen permeability by 72.4% and water vapor permeability by 66.9%. The films demonstrate a WO3 content-dependent antibacterial activity. Under irradiation of near-infrared light (NIR808), the synergistic effect of physical damage, oxidative stress, and temperature increase markedly improves the antibacterial activity of (WO3/PVA)4, showing an antibacterial efficiency of ∼90% against Escherichia coli or beyond 90% against Staphylococcus aureus. The incorporated WO3 nanorods demonstrate lower cytotoxicity toward the model cells of human colon cancer cell line HT-29. The (WO3/PVA)4 film exhibits colorimetric response to H2S and can also be used for pork freshness monitoring as an indicator.

3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 15, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In plants, CONSTITUTIVELY PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) is a key negative regulator in photoperiod response. However, the biological function of COP1-interacting protein 1 (CIP1) and the regulatory mechanism of the CIP1-COP1 interaction are not fully understood. RESULTS: Here, we identified the apple MdCIP1 gene based on the Arabidopsis AtCIP1 gene. Expression pattern analysis showed that MdCIP1 was constitutively expressed in various tissues of apple, and responded to stress and hormone signals at the transcriptional level. Ectopic expression of MdCIP1 complemented the phenotypes of the Arabidopsis cip1 mutant, and MdCIP1 inhibited anthocyanin biosynthesis in apple calli. In addition, the biochemical assay demonstrated that MdCIP1 could interact with MdCOP1 protein by their coiled-coil domain, and MdCIP1-OX/cop1-4 had a similar phenotype in photomorphogenesis with the cop1-4 mutant, suggesting that COP1 is epistatic to CIP1. Furthermore, the transient transformation assay indicated that MdCIP1 repressed anthocyanin biosynthesis in an MdCOP1-mediated pathway. CONCLUSION: Take together, this study finds that MdCIP1 acts as a repressor in regulating hypocotyl elongation and anthocyanin biosynthesis through MdCOP1 in apple.

4.
Trials ; 22(1): 29, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pain management of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) remains a major challenge, with no immediate relief. Nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture has the advantages of quick analgesic effect and well-tolerated. The purpose of this study is to investigate the analgesic effect and safety of nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture in patients with PHN. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a single-center, two-group (1:1), randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. A total of 42 patients with postherpetic neuralgia will be recruited and randomly divided into the intervention group and the control group. The control group will receive routine treatment plus oxygen, and the intervention group will receive routine treatment plus nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture. Data collectors, patients, and clinicians are all blind to the therapy. The outcomes of each group will be monitored at baseline (T0), 5 min (T1), and 15 min (T2) after the start of the therapy and at 5 min after the end of the therapy (T3). The primary outcome measure will be the pain intensity. Secondary outcomes included physiological parameters, adverse effects, patients' acceptance of analgesia, and satisfaction from patients. DISCUSSION: Previous studies have shown that nitrous oxide/oxygen mixture can effectively relieve cancer patients with breakthrough pain. This study will explore the analgesic effect of oxide/oxygen mixture on PHN. If beneficial to patients with PHN, it will contribute to the pain management of PHN. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Register ChiCTR1900023730 . Registered on 9 June 2019.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(3)2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436409

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play diverse roles in biological processes, but their expression profiles and functions in cervical carcinogenesis remain unknown. By RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analyses of 18 clinical specimens and selective validation by RT-qPCR analyses of 72 clinical samples, we provide evidence that, relative to normal cervical tissues, 194 lncRNAs are differentially regulated in high-risk (HR)-HPV infection along with cervical lesion progression. One such lncRNA, lnc-FANCI-2, is extensively characterized because it is expressed from a genomic locus adjacent to the FANCI gene encoding an important DNA repair factor. Both genes are up-regulated in HPV lesions and in in vitro model systems of HR-HPV18 infection. We observe a moderate reciprocal regulation of lnc-FANCI-2 and FANCI in cervical cancer CaSki cells. In these cells, lnc-FANCI-2 is transcribed from two alternative promoters, alternatively spliced, and polyadenylated at one of two alternative poly(A) sites. About 10 copies of lnc-FANCI-2 per cell are detected preferentially in the cytoplasm. Mechanistically, HR-HPVs, but not low-risk (LR)-HPV oncogenes induce lnc-FANCI-2 in primary and immortalized human keratinocytes. The induction is mediated primarily by E7, and to a lesser extent by E6, mostly independent of p53/E6AP and pRb/E2F. We show that YY1 interacts with an E7 CR3 core motif and transactivates the promoter of lnc-FANCI-2 by binding to two critical YY1-binding motifs. Moreover, HPV18 increases YY1 expression by reducing miR-29a, which targets the 3' untranslated region of YY1 mRNA. These data have provided insights into the mechanisms of how HR-HPV infections contribute to cervical carcinogenesis.

6.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) represents the frequently occurring medical disorder beginning in the process of pregnancy. No consensus has been reached about the relationship of circulating copper content with the risk of GDM. Therefore, the present work carried out a meta-analysis for summarizing epidemiological research regarding the copper level with the GDM risk. Furthermore, studies using categories of copper concentration as exposure were combined by dose-response meta-analysis. METHODS: Related studies were retrieved against the PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases from inception till August 2020. The overall effects were expressed as standard mean difference (SMD). A dose-response meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether the higher copper concentration was associated with higher risks of GDM. Stata 16.0 and Review Manager 5.3 were utilized for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of fourteen articles involving were retrieved for meta-analysis; in the meantime, 2670 pregnant subjects including 910 GDM cases were enrolled for quantitative analysis. Based on the integrated findings, GDM cases showed increased circulating copper contents relative to those in normal pregnant subjects (SMD = 0.65, 95% CI 0.19 to 1.11; P = 0.005). There was no obvious evidence of publication bias among the studies enrolled. Subgroup analysis showed that such trend was consistent in the third trimester (SMD = 1.21, 95% CI 0.35 to 2.08; P = 0.006) but not second trimester. Meanwhile, circulating copper concentration was significantly higher in women with GDM than those without GDM within the Asian population but not within the Caucasian population (Asia: SMD = 0.73; 95% CI 0.12 to 1.34, P = 0.02; Europe: SMD = 0.49; 95% CI: - 0.23 to 1.20, P = 0.18). Further, serum copper analysis together with subgroup analysis was conducted, and the same result was obtained. For dose-response analysis, the linear associations between circulating copper and risks of GDM were revealed, that higher circulating copper concentration during pregnancy is closely associated with GDM. CONCLUSION: According to existing evidence, the serum copper concentration increased among GDM cases compared with subjects with normality in glucose tolerance pregnant subject, in particular among the Asians and during the third trimester. The finding from dose-response analysis suggested that increased copper level is associated with an increased risk of GDM. Nonetheless, more specially designed prospective articles should be carried out for understanding the dynamic relationship of copper concentration with the GDM risk.

8.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 1066896920985311, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412984

RESUMO

As the concept of clear cell sarcoma-like tumor or malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (CCS-LT/MGNET) has been widely accepted, primary CCS of the gastrointestinal tract (CCS-GI) is becoming a rare entity. In this article, we describe a case of primary CCS-GI that occurred in the ileum of a 65-year-old male to further illustrate its rare occurrence. Similar to CCS of soft tissue (CCS-ST), the tumor was composed of spindled to epithelioid cells displaying fascicular, nested, or pseudopapillary arrangement. The tumor cells had large round to ovoid nuclei with vesicular chromatin and prominent nucleoli, containing eosinophilic to pale cytoplasm. In contrast to CCS-LT/MGNET, immunohistochemical study also showed variable positivity of HMB45, melan A, and MiTF besides the strong and diffuse staining of S100 protein and SOX10. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using fusion probes identified EWSR1 and ATF1 genes rearrangement. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis further revealed EWSR1 exons9/8-ATF1 exon4 and ATF1 exon3- EWSR1 exon11 fusion genes. CCS-GI and CCS-LT/MGNET possibly represent 2 related entities of the same spectrum, which differentiate along 2 different pathways.

9.
Int J Infect Dis ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that the risk and clinical prognosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are related to low vitamin D status; however, the data are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between low vitamin D status and COVID-19. METHODS: The systematic search was conducted with PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from database inception to September 25, 2020. The standardized mean difference (SMD) or odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were applied to estimate pooled results. Random - or fixed - effect models based on heterogeneity were used for the meta-analysis. Funnel plots and Egger regression tests were used to assess publication bias. RESULTS: A total of 10 articles with 361, 934 participants were selected for meta-analysis. Overall, the pooled OR in the fixed-effect model showed that vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency was associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 (OR = 1.43, 95% CI 1.00 to 2.05). In addition, COVID-19-positive individuals had lower vitamin D levels than those with COVID-19-negative individuals (SMD = -0.37, 95% CI = -0.52 to -0.21). Significant heterogeneity existed in both endpoints. Funnel plots and Egger regression tests revealed significant publication bias. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis indicated that low vitamin D status may be associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 infection. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of vitamin D supplementation on the clinical severity and prognosis in patients with COVID-19. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration no: CRD42020216740.

10.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 171: 112678, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113382

RESUMO

In this study, a high-performance anti-fouling coating based on poly adenine (polyAn) as well as a highly specific cluster of differentiation 20 (CD20) epitope mimetic peptide (CN14) were employed to synergistically construct a facile biosensor for the rapid and sensitive determination of rituximab in lymphoma patients' plasma. The well-designed and optimized polyAn coating displayed excellent stability, hydrophilicity, thanks to its intrinsic affinity with gold surface and thoroughly exposed hydrophilic phosphate groups. Moreover, the proposed strategy avoids the necessity to modify binding groups (e.g. thiol), making it more facile, repeatable and efficient. When dealing with complex clinical plasma samples, the polyAn coating demonstrated better anti-fouling performance and lower background signal in comparison with mercaptan and bovine serum albumin coatings. The dissociation constant (~60 nM) between CN14 and rituximab was measured by microscale thermophoresis and their binding mechanism was further explained using computer simulation. The constructed GE/CN14/polyA20 biosensor displayed satisfactory performance with detection limit of 35.26 ng/mL. Finally, the proposed biosensor was successfully applied for rapidly determining rituximab in lymphoma patients' plasma, and exhibited comparable accuracy to the commercial ELISA, but has advantages including a shorter detection time, wider detection range and lower cost. It's worth noting that the anti-fouling polyAn coating can be tailored according to the surface property of sensing interface and can be easily expanded to other gold electrode related biosensors.

11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 118: 111352, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254972

RESUMO

Glucosamine (GlcN) is a common drug used to treat osteoarthritis (OA). To prolong the action time of glucosamine on OA and improve its therapeutic effect, this research explored the potential application of GlcN-loaded thermosensitive hydrogels based on poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 for OA therapy by intra-articular injection. The thermosensitive hydrogels were prepared by cold method, and the effects of P407, P188, and GlcN on sol-gel transition temperature (Tsol-gel) were compared. After screening was performed, the optimized formulation showed good temperature sensitivity, and Tsol-gel was approximately 35 °C. In vitro release tests showed that GlcN was slowly released from the thermosensitive hydrogels. After the gels were intra-articularly administered to treat OA in rabbits, the degree of swelling and inflammatory factors were significantly decreased in the hydrogel group compared with those in the OA model group (P < 0.05). Histological results showed that the GlcN-administered group had a good repair effect on damaged cartilage. At the same dose, the effect of the thermosensitive hydrogels was better than that of the aqueous solution. Therefore, GlcN-loaded thermosensitive hydrogels based on poloxamers are promising sustainable delivery systems for OA therapy by intra-articular injection.

12.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 101: 260-281, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334521

RESUMO

Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) and corresponding transformation products have caused widespread concern due to their persistent emissions and potential toxicity. They have wide octanol-water partition coefficients (Kow) and different ionization constants (pKa) resulting in a poor analysis accuracy and efficiency. A suitable analytical method is the first prerequisite for further research on their environmental behavior to prioritize the substances. This study reviewed a full-scale analytical protocol for environmental samples in the recent ten years: from sampling to instrumental methods. Passive sampling techniques were compared and recommended for long-term continuous and scientific observation. A quick and effective sample extraction and clean-up method are highly required. Chromatographic methods coupled to mass spectrometry for determining PPCPs with a wide range of logKow (-7.53 to 10.80) were summed up. High-resolution mass spectrometry was confirmed to be a promising strategy for screening unknown transformation products, which would provide a nanogram level of detection limits and more accurate mass resolution. Screening strategies and mass change principles were summarized in detail. The recovery rate was important in multiple contaminants analysis identification and factors affecting the recovery rate of PPCPs were also discussed in this review, including sample matrix, target compounds characteristics, extraction method and solid-phase adsorbent. This review provides useful information for the selection of appropriate analytical methods and future development directions.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cosméticos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Espectrometria de Massas , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
13.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127675, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805652

RESUMO

With the increasingly serious water environment problem, the persulfate-based advanced oxidation process (PS-AOP) has attracted considerable attention in water pollution treatment. To date, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has been greatly favored by researchers in activating PS for its capability and unique superiorities. Though g-C3N4-based PS-AOP exhibits huge development prospects in removing organic pollutants, the review about its research progress has not been reported. Herein, this paper reviews the modification of g-C3N4 on the basis of its applications and properties for PS activation systematically. The activation mechanisms of g-C3N4-based modified materials are analyzed in detail, and the main formation pathways of radicals and non-radicals and their interaction mechanism with pollutants are thoroughly summarized. Finally, the existing challenges and future development directions of the PS-AOP driven by g-C3N4-based materials are critically discussed. The key purpose is to provide a reference for promoting the further popularization of this novel and efficient cooperative AOP in water purification industries, as well as multidisciplinary inspirations for g-C3N4-involved fields.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/química , Grafite/química , Compostos de Nitrogênio/química , Catálise , Oxirredução , Água
14.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 109(1): 145-150, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The human commensal microbiome has been suggested to be involved in the regulation of response to anticancer therapies. However, little is known regarding changes in commensal microbes in patients with cancer during radiation therapy. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal proof-of-concept cohort study with patients with newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who underwent radiation therapy-based treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected before radiation therapy, twice per week during radiation therapy, and after radiation therapy. The nasopharyngeal microbiome was assessed using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. A patient's response to treatment was measured 3 months after the completion of radiation therapy as a short-term clinical outcome. In total, 39 NPC patients with 445 nasopharyngeal samples were analyzed. RESULTS: There was stable temporal change in the community structure of the nasopharyngeal microbiome among patients with NPC during treatment (P = .0005). Among 73 abundant amplicon sequence variants (ASVs), 7 ASVs assigned to genus Corynebacterium decreased significantly during the treatment (W-statistic >80%); 23 ASVs showed statistically significant changes in the ratio of abundance between early and late responders during treatment (false discovery rate <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study addressed stable temporal change in the nasopharyngeal microbiome among patients with NPC during radiation therapy-based treatment and provided preliminary evidence of an association with a short-term clinical outcome.

15.
Glia ; 69(3): 609-618, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979244

RESUMO

Anxiety disorder is characterized by excessive fear, anxiety, and avoidance of perceived threats in internal to oneself or the environment, however, the underlying mechanisms are less well understood. Here, we show that transforming growth factor-ß-activated kinase 1 (Tak1) expressed in the astrocytes of mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) plays a crucial role in anxiety-like behavior in mice. Our data demonstrate that deficiency of Tak1 in astrocytes increased anxiety level, but did not impact locomotor activity in mice. Astrocytic activation of Tak1 in the MBH mitigated the anxiety-like behavior, whereas suppression of Tak1 in MBH astrocytes promoted the anxiety-like behavior in mice. Collectively, these data suggest that Tak1 expressed in the MBH astrocytes could modulate the anxiety-like behavior in mice.

16.
Gene ; 769: 145213, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069802

RESUMO

The small GTPase Ran has a variety of biological functions, one of the most prominent of which is to regulate nucleocytoplasmic transport. In our previous study, it was suggested that Ran is involved in the deltamethrin (DM) stress. In addition, Keap1-Nrf2-ARE pathway was also confirmed to be associated with DM stress. We report here that under DM stress, interfering Ran or nuclear transport factor Ntf2 by RNAi could suppress the nuclear import of nuclear transcription factor Nrf2 which then down-regulates the expressions of detoxification enzyme genes (Cyp4d20, Cyp4ae1, GstD5, Sod3, etc.), ultimately resulting in a significant apoptosis of Drosophila Kc cells. In contrast, after overexpressing Ran in Kc cells, Nrf2 has a higher concentration in the nucleus, and the expressions of detoxification enzyme genes are up-regulated, while the DM-induced apoptosis is significantly lower than that of the control group. Additionally, we preliminary found silencing Ntf2 or Ran could prevent the nuclear import of transcription factor Dif under DM stress, subsequently decreased expressions of antimicrobial peptide genes (Drsl1). In summary, our data mainly indicates that Ran may participate in DM stress through regulating the nuclear import of Nrf2, which could help to study the mechanism of deltamethrin resistance.

17.
J Radiat Res ; 62(1): 119-132, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302295

RESUMO

The contribution of type II alveolar epithelial stem cells (AEC II) to radiation-induced lung fibrosis (RILF) is largely unknown. Cell differentiation phenotypes are determined by the balance between Lin28 and lethal-7 microRNA (let-7 miRNA). Lin28 is activated by ß-catenin. The aim of this study was to track AEC II phenotypes at different phases of injury following thoracic irradiation and examine the expression of ß-catenin, Lin28 and let-7 to identify their role in AEC II differentiation. Results showed that coexpression of prosurfactant protein C (proSP-C, an AEC II biomarker) and HOPX (homeobox only protein X, an AEC I biomarker) or vimentin (a differentiation marker) was detected in AEC II post-irradiation. The protein expression levels of HOPX and proSP-C were significantly downregulated, but vimentin was significantly upregulated following irradiation. The expression of E-cadherin, which prevents ß-catenin from translocating to the nucleus, was downregulated, and the expression of ß-catenin and Lin28 was upregulated after irradiation (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001). Four let-7 miRNA members (a, b, c and d) were upregulated in irradiated lungs (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001), but let-7d was significantly downregulated at 5 and 6 months (P < 0.001). The ratios of Lin28 to four let-7 members were low during the early phase of injury and were slightly higher after 2 months. Intriguingly, the Lin28/let-7d ratio was strikingly increased after 4 months. We concluded that ß-catenin contributed to RILF by promoting Lin28 expression, which increased the number of AEC II and the transcription of profibrotic molecules. In this study, the downregulation of let-7d miRNA by Lin28 resulted in the inability of AEC II to differentiate into type I alveolar epithelial cells (AEC I).

18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1635: 461740, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271429

RESUMO

In this study, a novel at-line nanofractionation screening platform was successfully developed for the rapid screening and identification of α-glucosidase inhibitors from natural products. A time-course bioassay based on high density well-plates was performed in parallel with high resolution mass spectrometry (MS), providing a straightforward and rapid procedure to simultaneously obtain chemical and biological information of active compounds. Through multiple nanofractionations into the same well-plate and comparisons of the orthogonal separation results of hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC), the α-glucosidase inhibitors can be accurately identified from co-eluates. The screening platform was comprehensively evaluated and validated, and was applied to the screenings of green tea polyphenols and Ginkgo folium flavonoids. After accurate peak shape and retention time matching between the bioactivity chromatograms and MS chromatograms, ten α-glucosidase inhibitors were successfully screened out and identified. The proposed screening method is rapid, effective and can avoid ignoring low abundant/active inhibitors.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/química , Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Ginkgo biloba/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Espectrometria de Massas , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/isolamento & purificação , Chá/química
19.
Environ Pollut ; 268(Pt B): 115696, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010673

RESUMO

Heterogeneous photochemical reaction of O3 with humic acid (HA) under simulated sunlight was performed using a flow tube reactor coupled to an O3 analyzer at ambient pressure. It was confirmed that light significantly enhanced the uptake of O3 on HA. The initial uptake coefficient (γi) and the steady-state uptake coefficient (γss) of O3 under irradiation increased by 1.6 and 3.8 times compared to those in the dark, respectively. The γi and γss on HA varied in the range of 0.76-2.77 × 10-5 and 1.50-9.55 × 10-6, respectively, which were dependent on various environmental factors including HA mass, total irradiance, initial O3 concentration, O2 content, temperature, relative humidity (RH) and HA solution pH. Both γi and γss showed linear dependence on the total irradiance (0-2.07 × 1016 photons/(cm2⋅s)) of the light source, and increased with the HA mass (0-3.2 µg/cm2), temperature (278-298 K) and HA solution pH (4.0-9.6). However, they showed negative correlations with the initial O3 concentration and O2 content. The γi remained constant in the RH range of 7%-60%, while γss exhibited the maximum value at RH = 20%. During the ozonization of HA under irradiation, some functional groups were consumed, including CH2, CH3, aromatic CC, OH, CO, COOH and COO-. HA aged by O3 exhibited a decrease in the mass absorption efficiency (MAE) and a small increase in the absorption Ångström exponent between 300 and 600 nm wavelength (AAE300,600), which was ascribed to changes in the composition of HA during the photochemical ozonization process.


Assuntos
Substâncias Húmicas , Luz Solar , Temperatura
20.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 206: 105788, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227378

RESUMO

Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (LCAH), as the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), is caused by mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR). Affected patients were typically characterized by adrenal insufficiency in the first year of life and present with female external genitalia regardless of karyotype. Non-classic LCAH patients usually present from 2 to 4 years old with glucocorticoid deficiency and mild mineralocorticoid deficiency, even develop naturally masculinized external genitalia at birth when they have 46,XY karyotype. We described thirty patients from unrelated Chinese families, including three non-classic LCAH ones. Four novel mutations were reported, including c.556A > G, c.179-15G > T, c.695delG and c.306 + 3_c.306 + 6delAAGT. The c.772C > T is the most common STAR mutation in Chinese population, suggesting a possibility of founder effect. Enzymatic activity assay combined with clinical characteristics showed a good genotype-phenotype correlation in this study. Residual STAR activity more than 20 % may be correlated with non-classic LCAH phenotype. We support the perspective that onset age may be affected by multiple factors and masculinization should be the main weighting factor for diagnosis of non-classic LCAH. Compared with 46,XX LCAH patients, less 46,XY ones were found in our report. A less comprehensive inspection and an easy diagnosis due to classical phenotype both would reduce the possibility of 46,XY LCAH patients to be referred to specialists or geneticists.

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