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1.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-19, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635178

RESUMO

The genetic diversity and population structures of five Chongqing local chicken populations were investigated using by 24 microsatellite markers. Results revealed that the mean number of alleles (NA) ranged from 7.08 (Daninghe chicken, DN) to 8.46 (Nanchuan chicken, NC). The highest observed heterozygosity (HO) and expected heterozygosity (HE) were observed in DN (HO = 0.7252; HE = 0.7409) and the lowest HO and HE were observed in XS (Xiushan native chicken [XS], HO = 0.5910 and HE = 0.6697). The inbreeding coefficient (FIS) within population ranged from 0.022 (DN) to 0.119 (XS). Among the 24 microsatellite markers, four loci (MCW0111, MCW0016, ADL0278, and MCW0104) deviated from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in all the studied populations. The results of population polygenetic analysis based on Nei's genetic distance and STRUCTURE software showed that the clustering of the five populations was incomplete consistent with geographical distribution. Moreover, a large number of gene flows were widespread among different populations, suggesting that genetic material exchanges occurred due to human activities and migration which was also verified by PCoA. In summary, this study preliminarily showed that Chongqing local chicken populations had rich genetic diversity and remarkable genetic divergence, but still high risk in conversion. These findings would be useful to the management of conservation strategies and the utilization of local chicken populations in further.

2.
Transplantation ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic steatosis is a major risk factor for graft failure due to increased susceptibility of fatty liver to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) during transplantation. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) in fatty liver graft injury and to explore the underlying mechanism and therapeutic potential on attenuating hepatic IRI. METHODS: Intragraft CPT1A expression profile and the association with fatty graft injury were investigated in human and rat liver transplantation samples. The underlying mechanism and therapeutic potential of CPT1A activator against IRI were also explored in mouse hepatic IR plus major hepatectomy model and in vitro. RESULTS: CPT1A expression was significantly reduced (p = 0.0019; n = 96) in human fatty liver graft compared with normal one at early phase after transplantation. Low expression of CPT1A was significantly associated with high serum alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.0144) and aspartate aminotransferase (p = 0.0060) levels. The inhibited CPT1A and poor liver function were consistently observed in rat and mouse models with fatty livers. Furthermore, inhibition of CPT1A significantly promoted the translocation of chloride intracellular channel 1 to form chloride ion channel. The dysregulation of chloride ion channel activity subsequently triggered mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening, exacerbated cellular oxidative stress and energy depletion. Importantly, our intravital confocal imaging showed that CPT1A activation attenuated hepatic injury through preventing mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) after reperfusion in fatty mice. CONCLUSIONS: CPT1A inhibition triggered MPT contributed to severe IRI in fatty liver graft. CPT1A restoration may offer therapeutic potential on attenuating hepatic IRI.

3.
Oncol Rep ; 44(5): 2130-2142, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901893

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the main subtype of esophageal cancer in China, and the prognosis of patients remains poor mainly due to the occurrence of lymph node and distant metastasis. The long non­coding RNA (lncRNA) maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been shown to have tumor­suppressive properties and to play an important role in epithelial­to­mesenchymal transition (EMT) in some solid tumors. However, whether MEG3 is involved in EMT in ESCC remains unclear. In the present study, the MEG3 expression level and its association with tumorigenesis were determined in 43 tumor tissues of patients with ESCC and in ESCC cells using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR analysis. Gene microarray analysis was performed to detect differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Based on the functional annotation results, the effects of ectopic expression of MEG3 on cell growth, migration, invasion and EMT were assessed. MEG3 expression level was found to be markedly lower in tumor tissues and cells. Statistical analysis revealed that MEG3 expression was significantly negatively associated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage in ESCC. Fluorescence in situ hybridization assay demonstrated that MEG3 was expressed mainly in the nucleus. Ectopic expression of MEG3 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion and cell cycle progression in EC109 cells. Gene microarray results demonstrated that 177 genes were differentially expressed ≥2.0 fold in MEG3­overexpressing cells, including 23 upregulated and 154 downregulated genes. Functional annotation revealed that the DEGs were mainly involved in amino acid biosynthetic process, mitogen­activated protein kinase signaling, and serine and glycine metabolism. Further experiments indicated that the ectopic expression of MEG3 significantly suppressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT by downregulating phosphoserine aminotransferase 1 (PSAT1). In pathological tissues, PSAT1 and MEG3 were significantly negatively correlated, and high expression of PSAT1 predicted poor survival. Taken together, these results suggest that MEG3 may be a useful prognostic biomarker and may suppress EMT by inhibiting the PSAT1­dependent glycogen synthase kinase­3ß/Snail signaling pathway in ESCC.

4.
Ann Surg ; 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term outcome of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) for hepatitis-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: ALPPS has been advocated for future liver remnant (FLR) augmentation in liver metastasis or noncirrhotic liver tumors in recent years. Data on the effect of ALPPS in chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis-related HCC remained scarce. METHODS: Data for clinicopathological details, portal hemodynamics, and oncological outcome were reviewed for ALPPS and compared with portal vein embolization (PVE). Tumor immunohistochemistry for PD-1, VEGF, and AFP was evaluated in ALPPS and compared with PVE and upfront hepatectomy (UH). RESULTS: From 2002 to 2018, 148 patients with HCC (hepatitis B: n = 136, 92.0%) underwent FLR modulation (ALPPS, n = 46; PVE: n = 102). One patient with ALPPS and 33 patients with PVE failed to proceed to resection (resection rate: 97.8% vs 67.7%, P < 0.001). Among those who had resections, 65 patients (56.5%) had cirrhosis. ALPPS induced absolute FLR volume increment by 48.8%, or FLR estimated total liver volume ratio by 12.8% over 6 days. No difference in morbidity (20.7% vs 30.4%, P = 0.159) and mortality (6.5% vs 5.8%, P = 1.000) with PVE was observed. Chronic hepatitis and intraoperative indocyanine green clearance rate ≤39.5% favored adequate FLR hypertrophy in ALPPS. Five-year overall survival for ALPPS and PVE was 46.8% and 64.1% (P = 0.234). Tumor immunohistochemical staining showed no difference in expression of PD-1, V-EGF, and AFP between ALPPS, PVE, and UH. CONCLUSIONS: ALPPS conferred a higher resection rate in hepatitis-related HCC with comparable short- and long-term oncological outcome with PVE.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16040, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative blood salvage as a blood-saving strategy has been widely used in surgery. Considering its theoretic risk of malignant tumor cells being reinfused and the corresponding blood metastases, the safety of intraoperative blood salvage in cancer surgery remains controversial. METHODS: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA), we searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE to November 2017. We included only studies comparing intraoperative blood salvage with allogeneic blood transfusion. RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 9 studies with 4354 patients with 1346 patients in the intraoperative blood salvage group and 3008 patients in the allogeneic blood transfusion group. There were no significant differences in the 5-year overall survival outcome (odds ratio [OR] 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.80-1.58), 5-year disease-free survival outcome (OR 1.08; 95% CI 0.86-1.35), or 5-year recurrence rate (OR 0.86; 95% CI 0.71-1.05) between the 2 study groups. Subgroup analysis also showed no significant differences in the 5-year overall survival outcome (OR 0.97; 95% CI 0.57-1.67) of hepatocellular carcinoma patients in liver transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with malignant disease, intraoperative blood salvage did not increase the tumor recurrence rate and had comparable survival outcomes with allogeneic blood transfusion.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue Autóloga/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Sangue Operatório/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(10): e14639, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Readmission is a common postoperative adverse event. This study aimed to analyze potential risk factors for the incidence of postoperative 30-day readmission after discharge for gastric cancer patients with surgical treatment. METHODS: Those studies that reported the risk factors of gastric cancer patients who have a postoperative 30-day readmission were identified systematically from the PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases through July 2018. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to estimate the risk factors of postoperative 30-day readmission after gastric cancer surgery. RESULTS: Ultimately, 6 studies with 12,586 gastric cancer patients were included in the present study. There were 1473 (11.7%) patients who had postoperative 30-day readmission and 12,586 (88.3%) patients without 30-day postoperative readmission. A greater proportion of the readmission group had cardiovascular comorbidity (P < .001), pulmonary comorbidity (P < .001), and diabetes mellitus (P = .020) than the nonreadmission group. Furthermore, more patients in the readmission group had total gastrectomy (P < .001), combined organ resection (P < .001) and postoperative complications (P < .001) than did patients in the nonreadmission group. Nonhome discharge (odds ratio [OR] 1.580, P = .002), diabetes mellitus (OR 1.181, P = .044), postoperative complications (OR 2.656, P = .006), total gastrectomy (OR 2.242, P < .001), and combined organ resection (OR 1.534, P < .001) were independent risk factors for postoperative readmission. CONCLUSION: Postoperative readmission is influenced by the synthetic action of preparative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors, such as diabetes mellitus, total gastrectomy, combined organ resection, nonhome discharge, and postoperative complications. Extra attention should be paid to those patients with high risk factors during the postoperative follow-up and recovery periods.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Readmissão do Paciente , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(4): 4302-4313, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30221354

RESUMO

Cervical cancer remains a serious health problem till now, with nearly 500,000 women cases diagnosed each year around the world. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) is a novel class of RNA transcripts (>200 nucleotides in length) participating in gene transcription, cell proliferation, differentiation, and drug resistance. This study aimed to explore the regulatory relationship among lncRNA NCK1-AS1, miR-134-5p, and MutS protein homolog 2 (MSH2), so that the resistance against cisplatin in cervical cancer treatment could be better understood. Comprehensive lncRNA profiling analysis was performed to screen lncRNAs differentially expressed in cervical cancer. The expression patterns of miR-134-5p, NCK1-AS1, and MSH2 were evaluated in cancerous tissues and adjacent normal tissues obtained from 75 cervical cancer patients. Subsequently, anti-NCK1-AS1 small interfering RNA, miR-134-5p mimics, and miR-134-5p inhibitors were transfected into cervical cancer cells, and the effects of these transcripts on cisplatin resistance and cell apoptosis were investigated. The regulatory relationship among NCK1-AS1, miR-134-5p, and MSH2 was identified using a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, and the results were further validated by RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. Based on the microarray data of GSE63514 and GSE27678, NCK1-AS1 was upregulated in cervical cancer. Increased expression of NCK1-AS1, MSH2, and decreased expression of miR-134-5p were observed in cervical cancer tissues. In addition, NCK1-AS1 competitively bound to miR-134-5p to regulate MSH2. Therefore, si-NCK1-AS1 and miR-134-5p mimic both reduced MSH2 activity and increased cisplatin-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cells. Taken together, NCK1-AS1 may become a novel target in improving the chemotherapeutic response and survival of cervical cancer patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítios de Ligação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/genética , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
8.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 27(4): 370-375, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30483703

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the interradicular spaces between the maxillary second premolar and first molar in adolescents with skeletal Class Ⅱ malocclusion, so as to obtain scientific knowledge for placing mini-implants. METHODS: Forty four cone-beam computed tomography(CBCT) images were selected, which consisted of 23 males and 21 females (average age, 14.07 years) with skeletal Class II malocclusion. CBCT was used to measure the closest interradicular distance and the shortest distance from cortical bone surface to the narrowest interradicular space apically at 1-mm intervals in 9 axial images from the cementoenamel junction(CEJ). SPSS 20.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the closest interradicular distance and the shortest distance from cortical bone surface to the narrowest interradicular space between the left and right side (P>0.05), and no significant difference was found between males and females (P>0.05); The shortest distance from cortical bone surface to the narrowest interradicular space of the left apical area had positive correlation with SNA angle; The closest interradicular distance became wider toward the apical area,and the average distance of the shortest distance from cortical bone surface to the narrowest interradicular space was over 5mm in all sections. CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of interradicular spaces between the maxillary second premolar and first molar of adolescents with skeletal Class II malocclusion is learned using CBCT. These data might provide a reference for placing mini-implants.


Assuntos
Processo Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Adolescente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Maxila , Raiz Dentária
9.
Cancer Biomark ; 23(2): 243-253, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30198868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer (CC) is a common malignant tumor in the female reproductive system that is characterized by a high metastatic potential. LncRNA ANRIL has been found to be a cancer oncogene in multiple tumors. In our study, we altered the expression of ANRIL in CC cells and evaluated its ability on influencing proliferation, migration and invasion of CC cells and associated mechanism. METHODS: Differentially expressed lncRNAs in CC were identified by microarray and TCGA analyses. CC tissues and adjacent tissues were collected in order to extract CC cells. The expression of ANRIL was determined by RT-qPCR. The CC cells were transfected with siRNA or si-NC against ANRIL to find out whether ANRIL can influence the expression of Cyclin D1, CDK4, CDK6, E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin, as well as affect cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, cell migration and cell invasion of CC cells. RESULTS: Based on TCGA and microarray analyses, ANRIL was predicted to be highly expressed in CC and CC with migration. Then further verification was obtained by means of RT-qPCR that ANRIL was highly expressed in CC tissues. In addition, high expression of ANRIL was related to increased E-cadherin expression, high migration of CC as well as decreased cell apoptosis rate. On the other hand, inhibition of ANRIL expression led to decreased expressions of Cyclin D1, CDK4, CDK6, N-cadherin and Vimentin, along with attenuated cell proliferation, migration and invasion of CC cells. CONCLUSION: The key findings of our study demonstrated that the inhibition of lncRNA ANRIL reduces the proliferation, migration and invasion capabilities of CC cells. Down-regulation of ANRIL may serve as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of CC.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico
10.
Org Lett ; 20(13): 4040-4043, 2018 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29888602

RESUMO

(+)- and (-)-Mangelonoids A and B, two pairs of novel macrocyclic diterpenoid enantiomers featuring an unprecedented bicyclo[9.3.1]pentadecane core and a rare bridgehead double bond, were isolated from Croton mangelong. Their structures were unambiguously established using spectroscopic data, X-ray crystallography, and electronic circular dichroism analysis. A plausible biosynthesis pathway for these compounds was proposed. (-)-Mangelonoid A exhibited NF-κB inhibition with an IC50 value of 7.27 ± 1.30 µM.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/química , Croton , Cristalografia por Raios X , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(26): 8971-8976, 2017 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28585835

RESUMO

The ability to synthesize a broad spectrum of metal clusters (MCs) with their size controllable on a subnanometer scale presents an enticing prospect for exploring nanosize-dependent properties. Here we report an innovative design of a capping agent from a polytriazolium poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) in a vesicular form in solution that allows for crafting a variety of MCs including transition metals, noble metals, and their bimetallic alloy with precisely controlled sizes (∼1 nm) and record-high catalytic performance. The ultrastrong stabilization power is a result of an unusual synergy between the conventional binding sites in the heterocyclic cations in PIL and an in situ generated polycarbene structure induced simultaneously to the reduction reaction.

12.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(5): 7830-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26221336

RESUMO

High-quality screening with cytology has markedly reduced mortality from cervical cancer. However, it needs experienced pathologists to review and make the final decisions. We have developed folic acid receptor-mediated diagnosis (FRD) kits to effectively and conveniently screen patients with cervical cancer. We conduct present study aim to assess clinical significances of FRD in screening cervical cancer. A total of 169 patients were enrolled at Chinese People's liberation Army (PLA) general hospital. We compared diagnostic significances of FRD with thinprep cytology test (TCT). Meanwhile, colposcopy was also performed to confirm any lesion suspicious for cervical cancer. The sensitivity and specificity of FRD were 71.93% and 66.07% in diagnosis cervical cancer, respectively. Meanwhile, the positive predictive values (PPV), negative predictive values (NPV), Youden index were 51.90%, 82.22%, 0.38, respectively. On the other hand, the sensitivity and specificity of TCT in diagnosis cervical cancer were 73.68% and 61.61% respectively. PPV, NPV and Youden index for TCT were 49.41%, 82.14% and 0.35 respectively. Overall, FRD have high values of sensitivity, specificity and Youden index. However, this difference failed to statistical significance. FRD have comparable diagnostic significance with TCT. Therefore, FRD might serve as one effective method to screen cervical cancer. Especially for those patients living in remote regions of China, where cytology was unavailable.

13.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(9): 3973-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25987071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the expression of aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in bladder uroepithelium cell carcinoma (BUCC) and its relevance to recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue samples from 45 BUCC patients who underwent total cystectomy or transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) and from 40 patients with non-bladder cancers who underwent special detection or treatments were collected. The level of expression of AQP1 in BUCC tissues and normal bladder tissues was assessed by immunohistochemistry so as to analyze the relevance to pathological patterns and time of recurrence in BUCC patients. RESULTS: The expression levels of AQP1 normal bladder tissues and BUCC tissues were 2.175±0.693 and 3.689±0.701, respectively, and the difference was significant (t=9.99, P<0.0001). Marked increase was noted with BUCC histological grade and pathological stage (P<0.01). Moreover, the expression of AQP1 was evidently higher in cancerous tissues with lymph node metastasis than in those without (P<0.01). With short-term recurrence, the positive cell expression rate of AQP1 was higher in primary tissues, which increased obviously after recurrence. Additionally, the recurrent time of BUCC was negatively associated with the positive cell expression rate of AQP1 and the difference between the expression of AQP1 before and after recurrence (r=-0.843, F=39.302, P=0.000; r=-0.829, F=35.191, P=0.000). CONCLUSIONS: AQP1, which reflects the grade, stage, lymph node metastasis and recurrence of BUCC, has potential guiding significance in the diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancarcinoma.


Assuntos
Aquaporina 1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Musculares/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Musculares/secundário , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
14.
Arch Virol ; 159(11): 3029-41, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25085623

RESUMO

The first reported human case of H7N9 influenza virus infection in Shanghai prompted a survey of local avian strains of influenza virus, involving the analysis of a large number of samples taken from poultry, wild birds, horses, pigs, dogs and mice. Seven instances of H7N9 virus infection were identified by real-time RT-PCR (1.47 % of samples), all in chickens sold in live-poultry markets. H7N9 antibody was not detected in serum samples collected from local poultry farms since 2006. The two H7N9 virus strains in the live-poultry markets and one H9N2 virus strain in the same market were genetically characterized. Resequencing of two of the seven isolates confirmed that they closely resembled H7N9 virus strains characterized elsewhere. Various strains co-exist in the same market, presenting a continuing risk of strain re-assortment. The closure of live-poultry markets has been an effective short-term means of minimizing human exposure to H7N9 virus.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/virologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/virologia , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Influenza Aviária/virologia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/veterinária , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Cães , Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia , Cavalos , Humanos , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A/classificação , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Filogenia , Aves Domésticas , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia
15.
J Nat Prod ; 77(6): 1452-8, 2014 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24840014

RESUMO

Eighteen new ingol-type diterpenes, euphorantins A-R (1-18), along with four known analogues (19-22), were isolated from the aerial parts of Euphorbia antiquorum. Compounds 1-3 are the first examples of C-17-oxygenated ingol-type diterpenes, and compounds 16-18 represent a rare class of 2,3-di-epimers of ingols. Diterpenes 1, 14, and 22 exhibited inhibitory activities against mouse 11ß-HSD1 with IC50 values of 12.0, 6.4, and 0.41 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Diterpenos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Euphorbia/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Leucemia P388 , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
16.
Chin J Nat Med ; 11(6): 666-72, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24345508

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the composition of the Chinese herbal medicine Sanjie Zhentong Capsule (SJZTC) and test the therapeutic efficacy of each component in a rat model of endometriosis. METHODS: A rapid resolution liquid chromatography (RRLC) method coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS) has been developed for the analysis of SJZTC. Two main ingredients, Drac(h)onis sanguis and saponin, were tested in the endometriosis model. Sixty Lewis female rats were in the estrous cycle stage when endometriosis was experimentally initiated by peritoneal implantation of endometrial tissue. Four weeks later, a second laparotomy was performed and implant volumes were measured. After that, the implanted rats were randomized into five study groups: control group (treatment with saline), anastrozole group (treatment with anastrole, 18 µg per day), loureirin A group (treated with loureirin A, 97.2 mg), ginsenoside Re group (treated with ginsenoside Re, 64.8 mg), and SJZTC groups (treated with SJZTC, 86.4 mg) administered once a day for 4 weeks via gastric gavage. After four weeks of treatment, a third laparotomy was performed, implant volumes were re-measured, and the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were tested. RESULTS: A total of 38 compounds including, both the target and unknown compounds, were rapidly predicted in the capsule extract by the developed method. Compared with the control group, the anastrozole group, loureirin A group, ginsenoside Re group, and SJZTC treated group showed smaller implant volumes, as well as lower levels of VEGF and TNF-α in the peritoneal focus (P < 0.01 for all comparisons). Furthermore, parameters in the groups treated with SJZTC, loureirin A and ginsenoside Re were significantly better than the control group and the anastrozole group. These results indicate that SJZTC and its two main components are effective in reducing the development of endometriosis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Cápsulas/administração & dosagem , Cápsulas/química , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Feminino , Humanos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 32(8): 1112-6, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23173264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of sanjie zhentong capsule (SZC) and danazol on rats with endometriosis (EMT). METHODS: Totally 48 adult female Lewis rats were selected, 12 as the blank control group, and the rest 36 rats in the estrus cycle were used to establish the EMT model. After modeling they were randomly divided into 3 groups, i.e., the model control group, the SZC treatment group, and the danazol treatment group, 12 in each group. Four weeks later the focus was measured by a second laparotomy. The normal saline at 1 mL/day was administered to rats in the model control group, SZC at 86.4 mg/day to those in the SZC treatment group, and danazol at 7.2 mg/day to those in the danazol treatment group. All the treatment lasted for 4 weeks. At the end of the treatment, a third laparotomy was performed to measure the size of focus. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected using immunohistochemical assay. The cell apoptosis rate was detected using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxy-UTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). The concentration of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the peritoneal fluid and the serum were detected using ELISA. RESULTS: There was statistical difference in the change of the focus volume between the SZC treatment group (-23.27 +/- 18.18) and the danazol treatment group (-12.28 +/- 10.04) and the model control group (13.97 +/- 7.54, P < 0.01). The expression of ectopic PCNA significantly decreased and the positive expression rate of TUNEL obviously increased in the two treatment groups when compared with the model control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The expression of ectopic PCNA decreased and the positive expression rate of TUNEL increased more obviously in the SZC treatment group than in the danazol treatment group (P < 0.01). The concentration of PGE2 in the peritoneal fluid and the serum was significantly lower in the two treatment group when compared with the model control group (P < 0.01). The concentration of PGE2 in the peritoneal fluid and the serum was significantly lower in the SZC treatment group than in the danazol treatment group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: SZC and danazol both could inhibit the focus growth in EMT rats. SZC showed better effects. It was an effective drug for treating EMT.


Assuntos
Danazol/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Cápsulas , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Feminino , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Arch Virol ; 157(6): 1193-8, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22407404

RESUMO

The H9N2 influenza virus is endemic in poultry. We report its occurrence in live-poultry markets, fair-trade markets and poultry farms in the Shanghai region between September 2006 and December 2010. An analysis of partial sequences of the HA, NA, PB1, PB2 and NP genes of eleven distinct H9N2 isolates revealed that all carried an RSSR motif at the cleavage site of HA, diagnostic of low pathogenicity in chickens. A phylogenetic analysis indicated that these isolates are derived from the lineage represented by Duck/HK/Y280/97, but they have evolved a range of reassortments. Their PB1 and NP sequences resembled those of H5N1 strains, indicating a hybrid origin involving both H9 and H5 strains. The HA and NA sequences present in all eleven isolates resembled those of the Duck/HK/Y280/97-like lineage. Infection by H9N2 is commonplace in Shanghai live-poultry markets, allowing the viruses to have evolved rapidly.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia , Influenza Aviária/virologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Animais , Aves , Galinhas , China/epidemiologia , Columbidae , Patos , Gansos , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H9N2/classificação , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H9N2/genética , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H9N2/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Influenza A/classificação , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Proteínas Virais/genética
19.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online ; 68(Pt 2): o475, 2012 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22347081

RESUMO

The three mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(3)H(4)N(2)O(2)S, are connected via N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming layers normal to [001]. The rings of the mol-ecules are approximately planar, with r.m.s. deviations of 0.0051 (1), 0.0044 (1) and 0.0111 (1) Å.

20.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online ; 67(Pt 12): m1877-8, 2011 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22199640

RESUMO

The crystal structure of the title complex, {(C(2)H(8)N)[CuCl(2)(N(3))]}(n), exhibits inorganic chains consisting of Cu(II) cations as well azide and chloride anions. The chains, made up from Cu-Cl-Cu-N-Cu linkages, are aligned parallel to the c axis. This architecture is further stabilized by a number of N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds involving the protonated charge-compensating dimethyl-amine cations and chloride atoms.

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