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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160458

RESUMO

Although compounds of the formula AMoO2F3 (A = K, Rb, Cs, NH4, Tl) have been known for decades, crystal structures have only been reported for CsMoO2F3 and NH4MoO2F3. The three compounds (Rb/NH4/Tl)MoO2F3 are isostructural and crystallize in the centrosymmetric space group C2/c (No. 15). The compounds contain the MoO2F3- anionic chain, composed of corner-sharing MoO2F4 octahedra, with Mo6+ coordinated by two cis bridging fluoride anions that are trans to terminal oxide anions. The MoO2F3- chain has a very unusual and complex chain structure; a single chain contains alternating zigzag and helical sections. These helical regions alternate in chirality along the chain, and thus the chains exhibit periodic tendril perversion. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no other materials with a similar chain structure have been reported. On the other hand, KMoO2F3 is noncentrosymmetric and chiral, crystallizing in the enantiomorphic space group P212121 (No. 19). KMoO2F3 also contains the MoO2F3- anionic chain. However, the chain is helical, with only one enantiomer present, resulting in a chiral, noncentrosymmetric structure.

2.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720908500, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207341

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells that have attracted increasing interest in the field of regenerative medicine. Previously, the differentiation ability of MSCs was believed to be primarily responsible for tissue repair. Recent studies have shown that paracrine mechanisms play an important role in this process. MSCs can secrete soluble molecules and extracellular vesicles (EVs), which mediate paracrine communication. EVs contain large amounts of proteins and nucleic acids, such as mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs), and can transfer the cargo between cells. The cargoes are similar to those in MSCs and are not susceptible to degradation due to the protection of the EV bimolecular membrane structure. MSC-EVs can mimic the biological characteristics of MSCs, such as differentiation, maturation, and self-renewal. Due to their broad biological functions and their ability to transfer molecules between cells, EVs have been intensively studied by an increasing number of researchers with a focus on therapeutic applications, especially those of EVs secreted by MSCs. In this review, we discuss MSC-derived EVs and their therapeutic potential in tissue regeneration.

3.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate the clinical practice for hemodynamic tissue signature (HTS) method in IDH genotype prediction in three groups derived from high-grade gliomas. METHODS: Preoperative MRI examinations of 44 patients with known grade and IDH genotype were assigned into three study groups: glioblastoma multiforme, grade III, and high-grade gliomas. Perfusion parameters were analyzed and were used to automatically draw the four reproducible habitats (high-angiogenic enhancing tumor habitats, low-angiogenic enhancing tumor habitats, infiltrated peripheral edema habitats, vasogenic peripheral edema habitats) related to vascular heterogeneity. These four habitats were then compared between inter-patient with IDH mutation and their wild-type counterparts at these three groups, respectively. The discriminating potential for HTS in assessing IDH mutation status prediction was assessed by ROC curves. RESULTS: Compared with IDH wild type, IDH mutation had significantly decreased relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) at the high-angiogenic enhancing tumor habitats and low-angiogenic enhancing tumor habitats. ROC analysis revealed that the rCBVs in habitats had great ability to discriminate IDH mutation from their wild type in all groups. In addition, the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis yielded significant differences for the survival times observed from the populations dichotomized by low (< 4.31) and high (> 4.31) rCBV in the low-angiogenic enhancing tumor habitat. CONCLUSIONS: The HTS method has been proven to have high prediction capabilities for IDH mutation status in high-grade glioma patients, providing a set of quantifiable habitats associated with tumor vascular heterogeneity. KEY POINTS: • The HTS method has a high accuracy for molecular stratification prediction for all subsets of HGG. • The HTS method can give IDH mutation-related hemodynamic information of tumor-infiltrated and vasogenic edema. • IDH-relevant rCBV difference in habitats will be a great prognosis factor in HGG.

4.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022245

RESUMO

Biological network construction for Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a widely used approach for simulating phenotypes and designing cell factories. However, due to a complicated regulatory mechanism governing the translation of genotype to phenotype, precise prediction of phenotypes remains challenging. Here, we present WM_S288C, a computational whole-cell model that includes 15 cellular states and 26 cellular processes and which enables integrated analyses of physiological functions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using WM_S288C to predict phenotypes of S. cerevisiae, the functions of 1140 essential genes were characterized and linked to phenotypes at five levels. During the cell cycle, the dynamic allocation of intracellular molecules could be tracked in real-time to simulate cell activities. Additionally, one-third of non-essential genes were identified to affect cell growth via regulating nucleotide concentrations. These results demonstrated the value of WM_S288C as a tool for understanding and investigating the phenotypes of S. cerevisiae.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(7): 1507-1515, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003397

RESUMO

Mn(iv)-Based nanoparticles (NPs) are effective in improving tumor oxygenation (hypoxia) and reducing endogenous hydrogen peroxide and acidity in the tumor region. However, the optimized reduction conditions of conventional Mn(iv)-based NPs are generally reported at pH ≤ 6.5, while the usual pH range of the tumor microenvironment (TME) is 6.5-7.0. The dissatisfactory imaging performance in the weakly acidic environment may limit their further application in tumor diagnosis. In this study, Mn(iii) was introduced in a nanoplatform, because it is reduced into Mn(ii) in weakly acidic environments. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide-decorated bovine serum albumin (BSA) was employed as the stabilizer and scaffold to fabricate Mn(iii)- and Mn(iv)-integrated nanocomposites (RGD-BMnNPs) with suitable size, good stability, and excellent biocompatibility. The as-prepared NPs showed clear contrast enhancement at pH 6.5-6.9 in vitro as well as sensitive and rapid T1-weighted imaging performance within the tumor region in a glioblastoma (U87MG) orthotopic model, owing to the intrinsic disproportionation reaction of Mn(iii) in the weakly acidic environment. In addition, these NPs could be used for efficient siRNA delivery. They showed superior advantages in this process, including increased tumour uptake, improved tumor accumulation and enhanced therapeutic effects with the modulation of the TME. These novel albumin-stabilized manganese-based NPs combined with efficient drug delivery capacity hold great potential to serve as intelligent theranostic agents for further clinical translation.

6.
Nature ; 578(7796): 577-581, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076270

RESUMO

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a major reactive oxygen species in unicellular and multicellular organisms, and is produced extracellularly in response to external stresses and internal cues1-4. H2O2 enters cells through aquaporin membrane proteins and covalently modifies cytoplasmic proteins to regulate signalling and cellular processes. However, whether sensors for H2O2 also exist on the cell surface remains unknown. In plant cells, H2O2 triggers an influx of Ca2+ ions, which is thought to be involved in H2O2 sensing and signalling. Here, by using forward genetic screens based on Ca2+ imaging, we isolated hydrogen-peroxide-induced Ca2+ increases (hpca) mutants in Arabidopsis, and identified HPCA1 as a leucine-rich-repeat receptor kinase belonging to a previously uncharacterized subfamily that features two extra pairs of cysteine residues in the extracellular domain. HPCA1 is localized to the plasma membrane and is activated by H2O2 via covalent modification of extracellular cysteine residues, which leads to autophosphorylation of HPCA1. HPCA1 mediates H2O2-induced activation of Ca2+ channels in guard cells and is required for stomatal closure. Our findings help to identify how the perception of extracellular H2O2 is integrated with responses to various external stresses and internal cues in plants, and have implications for the design of crops with enhanced fitness.

7.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 39, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070345

RESUMO

The efficiency of industrial fermentation process mainly depends on carbon yield, final titer and productivity. To improve the efficiency of L-lysine production from mixed sugar, we engineered carbohydrate metabolism systems to enhance the effective use of sugar in this study. A functional metabolic pathway of sucrose and fructose was engineered through introduction of fructokinase from Clostridium acetobutylicum. L-lysine production was further increased through replacement of phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent glucose and fructose uptake system (PTSGlc and PTSFru) by inositol permeases (IolT1 and IolT2) and ATP-dependent glucokinase (ATP-GlK). However, the shortage of intracellular ATP has a significantly negative impact on sugar consumption rate, cell growth and L-lysine production. To overcome this defect, the recombinant strain was modified to co-express bifunctional ADP-dependent glucokinase (ADP-GlK/PFK) and NADH dehydrogenase (NDH-2) as well as to inactivate SigmaH factor (SigH), thus reducing the consumption of ATP and increasing ATP regeneration. Combination of these genetic modifications resulted in an engineered C. glutamicum strain K-8 capable of producing 221.3 ± 17.6 g/L L-lysine with productivity of 5.53 g/L/h and carbon yield of 0.71 g/g glucose in fed-batch fermentation. As far as we know, this is the best efficiency of L-lysine production from mixed sugar. This is also the first report for improving the efficiency of L-lysine production by systematic modification of carbohydrate metabolism systems.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 759-766, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846311

RESUMO

A noncentrosymmetric mixed alkali metal borate-bicarbonate, NaRb3B6O9(OH)3(HCO3), was synthesized and characterized. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21 (No. 4) with a = 8.988(3) Å, b = 8.889(2) Å, c = 10.068(4) Å, and ß = 114.6(4)°. The structure features a combination of chains of boron-oxygen [B6O9 (OH)3]3- groups and isolated HCO3- groups, with charge compensation provided by Rb+ and Na+ cations. It exhibits a second harmonic generation response of about 0.5 × KDP. The UV-vis-NIR absorption spectrum indicated a transparency of about 40% at 200 nm. The IR spectrum confirms the coordination environments of anionic groups, and thermogravimetric measurements indicate the material is thermally stable up to approximately 320 °C. Additionally, first-principles calculations were performed in order to gain insight into the role of boron-oxygen and HCO3- groups with respect to the band structure and NLO properties.

9.
Water Res ; 171: 115398, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874391

RESUMO

Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration (eCO2) may have different effects on the bacterial community with regard to C assimilation and decomposition in eutrophic waters compared to that in fresh waters with intermediate levels of nutrients and oceans. Aquatic plant growth under eCO2 could further modify microbial activities associated with the C cycle in eutrophic waters. Therefore, there is an urgent need to further study how eCO2 and its interactions with the growth of aquatic plants affect the composition and function of the bacterial community involved in mediating the C cycle in eutrophic waters. Accordingly, we designed a microcosm experiment to investigate the effects of ambient and high CO2 concentrations on bacterial community composition and function in eutrophic waters with and without the growth of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. The results from 16S rRNA gene sequencing, function prediction, and q-PCR showed that eCO2 significantly increased the abundance of bacterial and functional genes involved in CO2 assimilation (photosynthetic bacteria; cbbL IA & IC, cbbL ID, cbbM, pufM) and C decomposition (Acidimicrobiia, Thermoleophilia, Gaiellales; ChiA), illustrating the functional enrichment with photoautotrophy, hydrocarbon degradation, cellulolysis, and aromatic hydrocarbon degradation. However, eCO2 decreased the abundance of some chemoautotrophic bacteria, including nitrifying bacteria (Nitrospirae, Nitrosomonadaceae). In contrast, the cultivation of E. crassipes decreased the abundance of photosynthetic bacteria but increased the abundance of bacteria involved in complex C decomposition associated with root exudates and degradation, e.g. Fibrobacteres, Sphingobacteriales, Sphingomonadales, and Rhizobiales. eCO2 and growth of E. crassipes had opposite effects on algal density in eutrophic waters, creating interactive effects that further decreased the diversity of the bacterial community and abundance of some CO2-assimilating bacteria with nitrifying characteristics (Nitrosomonadaceae) and some C-degrading bacteria (Fibrobacteres) with denitrifying properties (Flavobacteriaceae, Sphingomonadaceae, and Gemmobacter). Therefore, the interactions between aquatic plants and the bacterial community in eutrophic waters under eCO2 would be beneficial to the environment and help alleviate the greenhouse effect.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Carbono , Bactérias , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
10.
Biotechnol Adv ; : 107496, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756374

RESUMO

Amino acids (AAs), which contain various functional groups including α-amino group, α-carboxyl group, and certain specific side-chains, exhibit a wide range of chemical properties. The derivatization of these functional groups of AAs via biocatalysis represents a sustainable approach for producing various chemicals, such as α-keto acids, α-hydroxyl acids, non-proteinogenic AAs, amines, peptides, higher alcohols, and phenylpropanoids, that are valuable in the pharmaceutical, chemical synthesis, cosmetic, and food industries. Here, we review recent advances in the derivatization of AAs to describe the design of derivatization reactions, how to overcome technical bottlenecks, and the potential range of chemicals that may be obtained. Furthermore, we highlight future prospects and address the challenges that remain in the derivatization of AAs for the production of fine chemicals.

11.
Nat Immunol ; 20(11): 1481-1493, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611699

RESUMO

Self-non-self discrimination is central to T cell-mediated immunity. The kinetic proofreading model can explain T cell antigen receptor (TCR) ligand discrimination; however, the rate-limiting steps have not been identified. Here, we show that tyrosine phosphorylation of the T cell adapter protein LAT at position Y132 is a critical kinetic bottleneck for ligand discrimination. LAT phosphorylation at Y132, mediated by the kinase ZAP-70, leads to the recruitment and activation of phospholipase C-γ1 (PLC-γ1), an important effector molecule for T cell activation. The slow phosphorylation of Y132, relative to other phosphosites on LAT, is governed by a preceding glycine residue (G131) but can be accelerated by substituting this glycine with aspartate or glutamate. Acceleration of Y132 phosphorylation increases the speed and magnitude of PLC-γ1 activation and enhances T cell sensitivity to weaker stimuli, including weak agonists and self-peptides. These observations suggest that the slow phosphorylation of Y132 acts as a proofreading step to facilitate T cell ligand discrimination.

12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7879-7889, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576129

RESUMO

Introduction and objective: Precisely and sensitively diagnosing diseases especially early and accurate tumor diagnosis in clinical magnetic resonance (MR) scanner is a highly demanding but challenging task. Gadolinium (Gd) chelate is the most common T 1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent at present. However, traditional Gd-chelates are suffering from low relaxivity, which hampers its application in clinical diagnosis. Currently, the development of nano-sized Gd based T 1 contrast agent, such as incorporating gadolinium chelate into nanocarriers, is an attractive and feasible strategy to enhance the T 1 contrast capacity of Gd chelate. The objective of this study is to improve the T 1 contrast ability of Gd-chelate by synthesizing nanoparticles (NPs) for accurate and early diagnosis in clinical diseases. Methods: Reverse microemulsion method was used to coat iron oxide (IO) with tunable silica shell and form cores of NPs IO@SiO2 at step one, then Gd-chelate was loaded on the surface of silica-coated iron oxide NPs. Finally, Gd-based silica coating magnetite NPs IO@SiO2-DTPA-Gd was developed and tested the ability to detect tumor cells on the cellular and in vivo level. Results: The r 1 value of IO@SiO2-DTPA-Gd NPs with the silica shell thickness of 12 nm was about 33.6 mM-1s-1, which was approximately 6 times higher than Gd-DTPA, and based on its high T 1 contrast ability, IO@SiO2-DTPA-Gd NPs could effectively detect tumor cells on the cellular and in vivo level. Conclusion: Our findings revealed the improvement of T 1 relaxation was not only because of the increase of molecular tumbling time caused by the IO@SiO2 nanocarrier but also the generated magnetic field caused by the IO core. This nanostructure with high T 1 contrast ability may open a new approach to construct high-performance T 1 contrast agent.


Assuntos
Quelantes/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Gadolínio/química , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Animais , Morte Celular , Meios de Contraste/química , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/química , Gadolínio DTPA/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Imagem Molecular
13.
Appl Opt ; 58(18): 4835-4845, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503798

RESUMO

The imaging quality of an airborne infrared (IR) system is limited by the angular disturbance of the airborne platform. Based on the full-chain (IR scene-atmosphere-optical system-detector-airborne platform) signal transmission process, this study focused on the low-frequency sinusoidal angular disturbance features of the airborne platform and accurately calculated the point spread function caused by the angular disturbance and the IR imaging features when the IR system's different locations were dynamically simulated in a three-dimensional scene. First, the degradation mechanism of the IR imaging features resulting from the angular disturbance was analyzed from the viewpoint of scene radiation signal transmission and detector sampling. Then, the dynamic simulation in the three-dimensional scene resulting from the angular disturbance was realized by considering the geometric transformation of the spatial imaging, scale registration of the spatial sampling, radiation coupling, and angular disturbance caused by the airborne platform. Finally, the distances detected under different disturbance conditions were predicted using the established model. The obtained results provide data supporting the demonstration, verification, and optimization of the IR imaging system's design scheme.

14.
Neurochem Res ; 44(11): 2566-2576, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535354

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease. Astrogliosis is an important pathological change in epileptic lesions. Studies have reported that ibuprofen can affect autophagy and/or inhibit cell proliferation in many diseases. This study investigated the effect and significance of ibuprofen on autophagy of astrocytes during pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) induced epilepsy. 60 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group (received normal saline), PTZ group, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) + PTZ group, ibuprofen + PTZ group and 3-MA + ibuprofen + PTZ group. Dose of each agent was 35 mg/kg (PTZ), 10 mg/kg (3-MA) and 30 mg/kg (ibuprofen) and all drugs were administered intraperitoneally 15 times on alternate days (29 days). Human astrocytes were cultured in vitro. Behavioral performance (i.e., latency, grade and duration of seizures) and EEG of rats were observed and recorded. Proliferation of astrocytes was detected by CCK-8 method. Immunofluorescence and Western blot test were used to detect the expression of LC3 and GFAP. Mean number, grade and duration of seizures were markedly reduced in ibuprofen + PTZ group and 3-MA + ibuprofen + PTZ group (P < 0.05). Similarly, peak of EEG waves were markedly reduced in ibuprofen + PTZ group and 3-MA + ibuprofen + PTZ group (P < 0.05). Compared to the control group, the level of LC3 in ibuprofen group was significantly increased in vitro (P < 0.05). While, levels of LC3 were significantly higher and that of GFAP were significantly lower in ibuprofen + PTZ group (P < 0.05) compared to PTZ group in vivo. Ibuprofen reduces the proliferation of astrocytes by increasing autophagy, thus affecting the development of epilepsy. Therefore, ibuprofen may be used as an adjuvant to improve efficacy of treatment in epilepsy.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 1): 113214, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541812

RESUMO

Magnetic properties of urban street dust can be used as a proxy of urban pollution. In this study, magnetic measurements on 160 street dust samples, collected from five different functional areas (industrial, traffic, commercial, residential and clean areas) in sixteen administrative districts in Shanghai, China, were systematically conducted. It is showed that magnetic carriers were predominately coarse-grain ferrimagnetic particles. Meantime, concentration-related magnetic parameters showed significant variations among the functional areas and administrative units. Magnetic susceptibility (χ) decreased in the following order: industrial area (IA) > traffic area (TA) > commercial area (CoA) > residential area (RA) > clean area (ClA). Moreover, combined with the analyses conducted using a scanning electron microscope and an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDX), it is found that spherical magnetic particles originating mainly from anthropogenic sources were abundant in industrial areas. Baoshan district, which is heavily impacted by industrial activities, showed the highest χ value among the administrative units. Additionally, the correlations of street dust χ value with population, value of industrial output and the gross domestic product (GDP) in Shanghai and other cities indicated that χ is positively correlated with the city GDP as well as the population size (PS) to some extent. This study demonstrates that magnetic parameters of street dust can be used as an effective tool for monitoring environmental pollution and industrial activities in urban environments.


Assuntos
Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , China , Cidades , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústrias , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Magnetismo , Metais Pesados/análise , Espectrometria por Raios X
16.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 31(4-5): 340-362, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394984

RESUMO

This study investigates how older adults perceive elder abuse and neglect in the context of migration and ageing. Based on a qualitative study of recent Chinese older immigrants in the Greater Toronto Area in Canada, it seeks to understand how migration and ageing processes, both of which engender cultural and contextual changes, shape and reshape views of elder abuse and neglect. The study argues that culture is important in older immigrants' perceptions of elder abuse and neglect, yet individuals with the same cultural roots may differ in their conceptualizations. Further, such perceptions could change through interactions with peers and non-peers in the host society, and these, in turn, can be influenced by both cultural and structural factors.

17.
Biomaterials ; 219: 119379, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376746

RESUMO

Engineering interfacial structure of biomaterials have drawn much attention due to it can improve the diagnostic accuracy and therapy efficacy of nanomedicine, even introducing new moiety to construct theranostic agents. Nanosized magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent holds great promise for the clinical diagnosis of disease, especially tumor and brain disease. Thus, engineering its interfacial structure can form new theranostic platform to achieve effective disease diagnosis and therapy. In this study, we engineered the interfacial structure of typical MRI contrast agent, Gd2O3, to form a new theranostic agent with improved relaxivity for MRI guided synergetic chemodynamic/photothermal therapy. The synthesized Mn doped gadolinium oxide nanoplate exhibit improved T1 contrast ability due to large amount of efficient paramagnetic metal ions and synergistic enhancement caused by the exposed Mn and Gd cluster. Besides, the introduced Mn element endow this nanomedicine with the Fenton-like ability to generate OH from excess H2O2 in tumor site to achieve chemodynamic therapy (CDT). Furthermore, polydopamine engineered surface allow this nanomedicine with effective photothermal conversion ability to rise local temperature and accelerate the intratumoral Fenton process to achieve synergetic CDT/photothermal therapy (PTT). This work provides new guidance for designing magnetic resonance imaging guided synergetic CDT/PTT to achieve tumor detection and therapy.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 58(17): 11656-11663, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430142

RESUMO

BaCuSiTe3 was prepared from the elements in a solid-state reaction at 973 K, followed by slow cooling to room temperature. This telluride adopts a new, hitherto unknown structure type, crystallizing in the noncentrosymmetric space group Pc with a = 7.5824(1) Å, b = 8.8440(1) Å, c = 13.1289(2) Å, ß = 122.022(1)°, and V = 746.45(2) Å3 (Z = 4). The structure consists of a complex network of two-dimensionally connected CuTe4 tetrahedra and ethane-like Si2Te6 units with a Si-Si bond. This semiconducting material has an optical band gap of 1.65 eV and a low thermal conductivity of 0.50 W m-1 K-1 at 300 K. Calculations of its optical properties revealed a moderate birefringence of 0.23 and a second-order harmonic generation response of deff = 3.4 pm V-1 in the static limit.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(31): 27897-27905, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298523

RESUMO

Owing to the expanding function of Li-ion transmission channels, it is important to explore the doping effects of different compounds into sulfide solid electrolytes to improve their electrochemical performances. However, it is hard to characterize the doping behaviors within sulfide solid electrolytes with low crystallinity and poor stability just by conventional crystallography analytical methods. In this work, the dielectric spectrum testing combined with other analytical methods, such as 7Li solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and the electrochemical method, have been applied to investigate the dual-doping behaviors of WS2 and LiBr within Li7P3S11 glass-ceramic electrolytes. This research method can not only evaluate the internal acting effect between the skeleton of sulfide solid electrolytes and the migrating kinetics of Li ions but also explore the capacitance at the interfaces of LiCoO2/sulfide solid electrolytes. The experimental results show that the number of Li ions with fast transport velocity within Li2S-P2S5-based solid electrolytes has been increased. Meanwhile, the interfacial capacitances between Li2S-P2S5-based solid electrolytes and the LiCoO2 cathode have decreased after dual-doping of WS2 and LiBr, indicating a synergetic effect for the doped Li7P3S11 glass-ceramic electrolytes in terms of the ionic conductivities and interfacial compatibilities. This work may provide a novel analytical approach to explore both the diffusion kinetics and interfacial behaviors for the solid electrolytes of lithium batteries.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 48(28): 10642-10651, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232402

RESUMO

Two new oxyhalides including d0 and d10 cations, Cs4Cd2V4O12Cl4 (1) and Cs3CdV4O12Br (2), were successfully synthesized via a solid phase reaction. Their crystal structures have been determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction. Compound 1 crystallizes in space group Cm (no. 8), whereas compound 2 is found in space group Cmm2 (no. 35). The corner-shared V3O8 units and CdO2Cl4 units in the compound 1 bridge a three-dimensional network, whereas the corner-shared V4O11 polyhedron and CdO4Br2 octahedron in the compound 2 form a three-dimensional structure. All the polar groups align in one direction, which results in a favorable net polarization. Powder second harmonic generation, using 1064 nm incident radiation, indicates that they are phase-matchable with observable and strong SHG response (5 and 7 times KH2PO4, respectively). The UV-vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectra indicate that the band gaps of the compound 1 and 2 are 3.00 eV (413 nm) and 3.13 eV (396 nm), respectively. Based on the IR and UV-vis-NIR data, the transparent range of both compounds is 0.4-10.4 µm. Furthermore, the electronic structure was also investigated by the first-principles calculations.

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