Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 259
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876458

RESUMO

The intercalation strategy is successfully applied in tuning the interlayer distance of 2D membranes for efficient desalination and ion sieving. However, it is difficult to pursue a intercalant that is few nanometers in size and suitable for further chemical modification . Here, for the first time, we report the intercalation of soft particles-polyacrylonitrile gel particles (PAN GPs) inside the graphene oxide (GO) membranes, which allows for a tunable interlayer distance via the deformation of soft particles. Furthermore, the base-induced hydrophobic/hydrophilic structure of PAN GPs facilitates the water diffusion through the GO membrane. A fast and selective water permeation was observed through separation Cu-EDTA2-from water, with the permeance of 4-13 times higher than the reported 2D membranes. Intercalation of soft particles represents a promising strategy to fabricate high-performance 2D membranes.

2.
Chemosphere ; 263: 127938, 2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829222

RESUMO

The urgent need for eutrophication control motivated the development of many novel adsorbents for enhanced phosphate polishing removal. Among these, zirconium-based nanomaterial was regarded as an effective kind because of its ability to bind phosphate specifically via inner-sphere complexation. In this study, we proposed a new strategy to improve the efficiency of zirconium oxides (HZO) nanoparticles by immobilizing them onto a gel-type anion exchange resin covalently attached with ammonium groups, denoted as HZO@N201. A previously developed macro-porous polymeric nanocomposite HZO@D201 was used for comparison. The immobilized nanoparticles in HZO@N201 were well dispersed in the gel matrix, manifesting smaller particle size and richer surface hydroxyl groups in comparison to HZO@D201. As a result of the structural merits in collective, HZO@N201 not only exhibited superior phosphate adsorptive capacity and affinity towards phosphate to HZO@D201, but also facilitate phosphate diffusion, based on isotherm, pH and kinetic tests. Mechanistic study by XPS and 31P SS-NMR substantiated the selective phosphate adsorption pathway as the formation of inner-sphere complexes by HZO@N201, which exhibited enhanced reactivity than HZO@D201. Lastly, fixed-bed runs of HZO@N201 was conducted, achieving an effective treatable volume of 2000 BV, which was 600 BV more than HZO@D201. Additional adsorption-regeneration cycle confirmed its reusability and potential for practical application. We believe the gel-type polymeric host could facilitate the formation and dispersion of smaller sized nanoparticles, exposing more surface hydroxyl groups highly accessible to phosphate. The results of this paper offer insights to a new strategy for immobilization of functional nanoparticles aiming at enhanced adsorptive removal of phosphate.

3.
Water Res ; 186: 116299, 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846378

RESUMO

The influence of effluent organic matter (EfOM) on phosphate removal by adsorption plays an important role in evaluating the applicability of adsorbents. Currently, molecular understanding of EfOM regarding its impact on adsorption is insufficient due to a lack of appropriate EfOM fractionation/characterization protocols, as associated with the specific structure-function property of adsorbents. In this work, a combined method coupling DEAE/XAD fractionation with molecular characterization was proposed, targeting the versatile structure-function characters of nanocomposite, to reveal the composition of EfOM as well as its impact on phosphate removal by nanocomposite during long-term adsorption/regeneration runs. Zirconium-based polystyrene anion exchanger (HZO-201) was selected as a representative nanocomposite, featuring with porous networking matrix, positively charged surface and multiple adsorptive sites. The EfOM samples from three biologically treated sewage effluent sources were separated into fractions of negatively charged organic acid (OA) and hydrophobic-, transphilic-, hydrophilic-neutral/base (HPO-n/b, TPI-n/b and HPI-n/b). The combined method enables effective differentiation of the charge, aromaticity, molecular weight and functionalities of the fractions, matching the multiple structural/surface characteristics of HZO-201 and favoring the evaluation on the impact of the EfOM fractions. The interference sequence of the EfOM fractions on phosphate removal followed an order of OA > HPO-n/b > TPI-n/b > HPI-n/b. The OA fraction, characterized by negatively charged, aromatic functionalities and broad molecular weight distribution (1-5 kDa and 14 kDa), was recognized as the key interfering fraction, presumably due to its multiple adsorption pathways (i.e., ion exchange, π-π interactions and pore filling). Particularly, the low-molecular-weight OA moieties (1-4 kDa) progressively accumulated onto the nanocomposite via irreversible adsorption, causing a continuous phosphate-capacity loss by 32.70% over multiple cycles. We believe the combined fractionation/characterization method may be extended to other complex water systems to identify key influential organic matters in polishing treatment of various pollutants by adsorption.

4.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 172, 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with underlying comorbidities can have worse outcomes. However, the effect of hypertension on outcomes of COVID-19 patients remains unclear. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of hypertension on the outcomes of patients with COVID-19 by using propensity score-matching (PSM) analysis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants enrolled in this study were patients with COVID-19 who had been hospitalized at the Central Hospital of Wuhan, China. Chronic comorbidities and laboratory and radiological data were reviewed; patient outcomes and lengths of stay were obtained from discharge records. We used the Cox proportional-hazard model (CPHM) to analyze the effect of hypertension on these patients' outcomes and PSM analysis to further validate the abovementioned effect. RESULTS: A total of 226 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled in this study, of whom 176 survived and 50 died. The proportion of patients with hypertension among non-survivors was higher than that among survivors (26.70% vs. 74.00%; P < 0.001). Results obtained via CPHM showed that hypertension could increase risk of mortality in COVID-19 patients (hazard ratio 3.317; 95% CI [1.709-6.440]; P < 0.001). Increased D-dimer levels and higher ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes (N/L) were also found to increase these patients' mortality risk. After matching on propensity score, we still came to similar conclusions. After we applied the same method in critically ill patients, we found that hypertension also increased risk of death in patients with severe COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Hypertension, increased D-dimer and the ratio of neutrophil to lymphocyte increased mortality in patients with COVID-19, with hypertension in particular.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Sobreviventes , Centros de Atenção Terciária
5.
Chemosphere ; 261: 127717, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721692

RESUMO

Polymer membranes for water treatment are constrained by the permeability-separation trade-off. Herein, two-dimensional (2D) zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) made of benzimidazole interconnected with Zn ions are used to create 2D Zn2(Bim)4 molecular sieve nanosheets, which is explored as an asymmetric, thin-film composite (TFC) nanofiltration (NF) membrane for removing organic dyes and salts from water with a high water permeability under a low operating pressure (1 bar). The 2D Zn2(Bim)4 TFC NF membrane is synthesized via ionic bonds between polycations and the peripheral hydroxy groups of 2D Zn2(Bim)4 nanosheets, regulating the assembly of 2D Zn2(Bim)4 to create a novel crack-free functional layer on top of a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) ultrafiltration membrane. FESEM and XPS confirmed the presence of a polycations-regulated ultrathin functional layer with a thickness of ∼37 nm on the PVDF support. Benefiting from its structural feature, our 2D Zn2(Bim)4 TFC NF membrane could achieve an ultra-high flux of ∼290 L/(m2·h·bar) (5-10-fold higher than that of graphene-based membranes), good anti-fouling properties and high rejection rates (above 98%) for organic dyes. Moreover, the desalinization rate is 50-75%. That is, our membrane is endowed with NF capability, and its intrinsic ultrafiltration features (high water permeance, ultrafast, and energy-saving) are also well maintained.

6.
Avian Dis ; 64(1): 2-6, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267119

RESUMO

We first report avipoxvirus (APV) infection and an isolate named APV/03/2016 from a red-flanked blue robin (Tarsiger cyanurus) captured at Songhua Lake Scenic Area in Jilin City (Jilin Province, China) on March 24, 2016. The partial sequence of the 4b core protein gene and DNA polymerase gene of APV/03/2016 suggests that the virus belongs to the subclade B1 cluster of clade B (canarypox virus). The BLAST results showed the highest similarity of the two genes with the Pacific shearwater-isolated strain SWPV-2 (KX857215), canarypox virus strain D98-11133 (GQ487567), canarypox virus strain ATCC VR-111 (AY318871), avipoxvirus Mississippi isolate P89 (KC018048), and avipoxvirus Wisconsin isolate P92 (KC018051). The results indicate that APV/03/2016 is a canarypox-like virus. These findings demonstrate the continuous emergence of new APV hosts such as red-flanked blue robins and suggest that monitoring of APV circulation and evolution should be strengthened for T. cyanurus conservation.


Assuntos
Avipoxvirus/isolamento & purificação , Doenças das Aves/virologia , Infecções por Poxviridae/veterinária , Aves Canoras , Animais , Avipoxvirus/classificação , Avipoxvirus/genética , China , DNA Viral/análise , Filogenia , Infecções por Poxviridae/virologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária
7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(8): 5258-5267, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186173

RESUMO

A novel Fenton-like catalyst was synthesized by immobilizing nano-Fe2O3 (nFe2O3) on MIL-53(Cu). The pseudo-first-order rate constant of bisphenol A degradation in the nFe2O3/MIL-53(Cu)/H2O2 system reached 0.0123 min-1, while the values in MIL-53(Cu)/H2O2 and nFe2O3/H2O2 systems were only 0.0026 and 0.0040 min-1, respectively. The characterization of nFe2O3/MIL-53(Cu) reveals that the supreme catalytic activity of this material could be ascribed to iron-copper synergy, smaller size, and better dispersion of nFe2O3 particles. Moreover, a method of trapping Cu(I) by neocuproine was developed, which could shield Cu(I) from interacting with iron and H2O2, and thus allow quantitative differentiation of the contribution to the enhanced catalytic activity by each of the factors. Using this method, 19% of the enhancement was determined to be contributed by synergistic effect, while 24% of the enhancement was due to the smaller size and better dispersion of the nFe2O3 particles on MIL-53(Cu) support. In addition, the performance of nFe2O3/MIL-53(Cu) only dropped 10.7% after five treatment cycles in real wastewater, showing good potential in practical application. We believe this study sheds light on the tailored design of Fenton-like catalysts and elucidates the catalytic mechanisms of supported bimetallic catalysts.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Catálise , Cobre , Dietilamida do Ácido Lisérgico/análogos & derivados
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18808, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011486

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare, and there are currently no guidelines and a large number of clinical trials to guide the treatment of recurrence tumor. Here we reported a case of radiotherapy with apatinib for the treatment of recurrent malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old patient with massive breast mass was admitted to our hospital. Two months after surgical treatment, the tumor recurred in the chest wall scar. DIAGNOSES: The histopathologic diagnoses was right breast malignant phyllodes tumor with chondrosarcomas and osteosarcomas in some areas. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was first treated with surgery. Malignant phyllodes tumor recurred in the chest wall two months after surgery and was treated with radiotherapy and apatinib. OUTCOMES: With surgery, radiotherapy and apatinib treatment, the patient still died within several months. LESSONS: Apatinib and radiotherapy failed to obtain good therapeutic effect in the recurrence of breast malignant phyllodes tumor in this case.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Tumor Filoide/terapia , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumor Filoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumor Filoide/secundário
9.
Environ Res ; 182: 109130, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposures to ambient air pollution and traffic have been associated with adverse birth outcomes, and may also lead to an increased risk of obesity. Obesity risk may be reflected in changes in body composition in infancy. OBJECTIVE: To estimate associations between prenatal ambient air pollution and traffic exposure, and infant weight and adiposity in a Colorado-based prospective cohort study. METHODS: Participants were 1125 mother-infant pairs with term births. Birth weight was recorded from medical records and body composition measures (fat mass, fat-free mass, and adiposity [percent fat mass]) were evaluated via air displacement plethysmography at birth (n = 951) and at ~5 months (n = 574). Maternal residential address was used to calculate distance to nearest roadway, traffic density, and ambient concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) via inverse-distance weighted interpolation of stationary monitoring data, averaged by trimester and throughout pregnancy. Adjusted linear regression models estimated associations between exposures and infant weight and body composition. RESULTS: Participants were urban residents and diverse in race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Average ambient air pollutant concentrations were generally low; the median, interquartile range (IQR), and range of third trimester concentrations were 7.3 µg/m3 (IQR: 1.3, range: 3.3-12.7) for PM2.5 and 46.3 ppb (IQR: 18.4, range: 21.7-63.2) for 8-h maximum O3. Overall there were few associations between traffic and air pollution exposures and infant outcomes. Third trimester O3 was associated with greater adiposity at follow-up (2.2% per IQR, 95% CI 0.1, 4.3), and with greater rates of change in fat mass (1.8 g/day, 95% CI 0.5, 3.2) and adiposity (2.1%/100 days, 95% CI 0.4, 3.7) from birth to follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: We found limited evidence of an association between prenatal traffic and ambient air pollution exposure and infant body composition. Suggestive associations between prenatal ozone exposure and early postnatal changes in body composition merit further investigation.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Peso ao Nascer , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Emissões de Veículos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Obesidade , Material Particulado , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Emissões de Veículos/toxicidade
10.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 63: 104958, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945579

RESUMO

The effects of low-frequency ultrasonic pre-treatment in water/oil medium simulated system on the improved processing efficiency and quality of microwave-assisted vacuum fried potato chips were investigated. The water medium system (distilled water and 5% NaCl osmotic solution) and oil medium system (90 °C) were designed with different power levels of ultrasound to simulate the ultrasonic conditions. Results showed that the changes of moisture content, water loss, solid gain and dielectric properties of potato slices were facilitated by the ultrasonic treatment. LF-NMR analysis showed the binding force between the moisture and structure in the material was significantly (p < 0.05) weakened. The changes become greater with the increase of ultrasonic power levels. Microscopic channels and disruptions were induced on the microstructure by the ultrasonic treatment. The effective moisture diffusivity of vacuum fried (VF) potato chips was increased by about 56.2%-67.0% and 53.9% with the combination of microwave energy and the ultrasonic pre-treatment in water and oil medium simulated system, respectively. The oil uptake, hardness, shrinkage, total color change and water activity of vacuum fried samples were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased by the assist of microwave energy combined ultrasonic pre-treatment.

11.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2104: 313-336, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953824

RESUMO

In recent years, mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomics has been extensively applied to characterize biochemical mechanisms, and study physiological processes and phenotypic changes associated with disease. Metabolomics has also been important for identifying biomarkers of interest suitable for clinical diagnosis. For the purpose of predictive modeling, in this chapter, we will review various supervised learning algorithms such as random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM), and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). In addition, we will also review feature selection methods for identifying the best combination of metabolites for an accurate predictive model. We conclude with best practices for reproducibility by including internal and external replication, reporting metrics to assess performance, and providing guidelines to avoid overfitting and to deal with imbalanced classes. An analysis of an example data will illustrate the use of different machine learning methods and performance metrics.

12.
Diabetes Care ; 43(1): 98-105, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been associated with adverse outcomes in the offspring. Growing evidence suggests that the epigenome may play a role, but most previous studies have been small and adjusted for few covariates. The current study meta-analyzed the association between maternal GDM and cord blood DNA methylation in the Pregnancy and Childhood Epigenetics (PACE) consortium. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Seven pregnancy cohorts (3,677 mother-newborn pairs [317 with GDM]) contributed results from epigenome-wide association studies, using DNA methylation data acquired by the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array. Associations between GDM and DNA methylation were examined using robust linear regression, with adjustment for potential confounders. Fixed-effects meta-analyses were performed using METAL. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified by taking the intersection of results obtained using two regional approaches: comb-p and DMRcate. RESULTS: Two DMRs were identified by both comb-p and DMRcate. Both regions were hypomethylated in newborns exposed to GDM in utero compared with control subjects. One DMR (chr 1: 248100345-248100614) was located in the OR2L13 promoter, and the other (chr 10: 135341870-135342620) was located in the gene body of CYP2E1. Individual CpG analyses did not reveal any differentially methylated loci based on a false discovery rate-adjusted P value threshold of 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal GDM was associated with lower cord blood methylation levels within two regions, including the promoter of OR2L13, a gene associated with autism spectrum disorder, and the gene body of CYP2E1, which is upregulated in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Future studies are needed to understand whether these associations are causal and possible health consequences.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 381: 120961, 2020 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412305

RESUMO

We design a novel cationic metal-organic framework hybrid ultrafiltration polyvinylidene fluoride membrane (PVA/Cu-iMOFs/PVDF-0.05) and report its unique capture of aqueous perchlorate (ClO4-) at ppm-level. This membrane outperformed traditional adsorption materials and exhibited a specific affinity toward ClO4- in the presence of various competing anions at greater levels (up to a concentration ratio of 20). In the batch experiment, the ClO4- removal ratio reached 99.6% over a wide pH range (3˜10). Membrane filtration by using a 12.56 cm2 PVA/Cu-iMOFs/PVDF-0.05 membrane could effectively treat 4.71 L of ClO4--contaminated water before breakthrough occurred, while maintaining a satisfactory permeability (˜627.32 L/(m2 h bar)) and antifouling property. The exhausted membrane could easily be regenerated in aminoethanesulfonic acid solution for repeated use with a negligible decrease in capacity. Moreover, the membrane showed excellent long-term stability in a cross-flow filtration process due to the amido bond between the Cu-iMOFs and membrane surface as well as the "protection" of polyvinyl alcohol. Selective and reversible ion-exchange between the sulfonic acid (R-SO3) ligands of Cu-iMOFs and tetrahedral oxo-anionic species was verified to be the pathway for ClO4- trapping. Thus, other problematic elements that also occur in tetrahedral form in water can be removed by this method.

14.
Water Res ; 168: 115211, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669780

RESUMO

It has been long desired but challenging to forward the advanced treatment of wastewater from empirical trials towards scientific design due to the lack of molecular insight into the pollutants of concern. Herein, we first established a systematic methodology to identify the ligands of Ni(II)-complexes in an electroless nickel (EN) plating effluent. The presence of N-containing groups in the ligands of most Ni(II)-complexes was verified by time-aligned ICP-MS and ESI-HRMS, implying the suitability of autocatalytic ozonation for efficient decomplexation. Thereby, a combined process was proposed on the basis of ozonation to achieve over 83% decomplexation of Ni(II) (initially at 0.36 mg/L), followed by selective Ni(II) sequestration for resource recovery. Combinational LC-MS systems revealed the ozonation-induced fragmentation or elimination of most Ni(II)-complexes as well as the structural change of the residual complexed molecules. The released free Ni(II) was further sequestrated by a nanocomposite of hydrated Zr(IV) oxide confined in a polymeric cation exchanger (nHZO@PCE). The fixed-bed working capacity of nHZO@PCE (∼550 BV) for the ozonated EN plating effluent was over 18 times that of the cation exchanger host (∼30 BV) at the breakthrough point of 0.10 mg Ni/L. More attractively, five adsorption-regeneration cycles demonstrated the great potential of the hybrid adsorbent for sustainable utilization. This study is believed to shed new light on how to design rational processes for advanced treatment of real wastewater based on molecular identification.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Níquel , Águas Residuárias
15.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424612

RESUMO

AIM: Vascular calcification has played a vital role in increasing the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) patients. This study is aimed at exploring the prognostic value of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) estimated by plain lateral abdominal radiography in MHD patients. METHODS: Lateral abdominal radiography was used to determine the abdominal aortic calcification score (AACS). The serum level of fibroblast growth factor-23 was tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Patients were divided into two groups: no or minor calcification group (AACS < 5) and moderate to severe calcification group (AACS ≥ 5). All patients were followed up to death or the end of the study (30 November 2016). RESULTS: A total of 114 patients were enrolled in this study, including 64 males (56.1%), and the mean age was 57.42 ± 13.48 years. Seventy-six patients (66.7%) exhibited AAC. Independent predictors for moderate to severe calcification were older age (odds ratio (OR) 1.06 (1.02-1.10), P = 0.003), longer dialysis vintage (OR 1.01 (1.00-1.02), P = 0.039), presence of smoking (OR 3.01 (1.18-7.70), P = 0.021) and higher Log fibroblast growth factor-23 serum levels (OR 2.83 (1.01-7.94), P = 0.048). During a median follow-up of 6.0 (5.6, 6.1) years, 22 patients (19.3%) died of all-cause death, and 17 cases (14.9%) died of CVD. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients in the moderate to severe calcification group had significantly higher all-cause (28.3 vs 11.5%, P = 0.028) and CVD mortality (22.6 vs 8.2%, P = 0.035) than that in the no or minor calcification group. A multivariate Cox regression showed that AACS (hazard ratio 1.08 (1.01-1.15), P = 0.022) was an independent predictor of CVD mortality. Compared with the no or minor calcification group, the risk of CVD mortality was increased by a factor of 3.14 in patients in the moderate to severe calcification group (hazard ratio 3.14 (1.04-9.44), P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that AAC is prevalent in MHD patients and could provide potential predictive information for CVD mortality. Plain lateral abdominal radiography, which is simple and cheap and involves lower radiation, might represent an appropriate screening method for evaluating vascular calcification in daily clinical practice.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(38): 35277-35285, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465193

RESUMO

Phosphorus and nitrogen compounds are both the main sources of eutrophication and coexist in some municipal effluents or eutrophic waters; elimination of phosphorus and nitrogen from wastewater is becoming an imperative but also a hard task. Herein, an innovative bifunctional nanocomposite HFO@TPR was developed for synchronous nitrate/phosphate elimination from water. A macroporous polystyrene microspheres modified with triethylamine functional groups was synthesized as the host of HFO@TPR for selective nitrate removal, and Fe(III) hydroxide (HFO) nanoparticles were implanted inside as the active species for specific phosphate removal. Compared to other commercial adsorbents, HFO@TPR exhibited outstanding selectivity and preference toward nitrates and phosphates, and the coexisting anions exert an insignificant effect on adsorption performance. Such exceptional bifuntionality of HFO@TPR was achieved through two pathways, that is, nitrate was preferentially adsorbed by the fixed triethylamine groups through the electrostatic attraction, and phosphate was preferentially captured by the encapsulated HFO nanoparticles through the inner-sphere complexation. The exhausted HFO@TPR could be effectively regenerated by using a NaOH-NaCl mixed reagent for cyclic use with a relative constant efficiency. In addition, column adsorption experiments demonstrated that HFO@TPR could eliminate nitrate from 18 to <10 mg N/L with the treatment capacity of ∼600 bed volume (BV), and meanwhile remove phosphate from 2.5 to <0.2 mg P/L with the treatment capacity of ∼750 BV. We believe what we found in this study could advance the method on how to develop bifunctional adsorbents for synchronous removal of coexisting contaminants from water.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331894

RESUMO

The standard tensor voting technique shows its versatility in tasks such as object recognition and semantic segmentation by recognizing feature points and sharp edges that can segment a model into several patches. We propose a high-level representation-guided tensor voting model for 3D mesh steganalysis. Because existing steganalytic methods do not analyze correlations among neighborhood faces, they are not very effective at discriminating stego meshes from cover meshes. In this paper, we propose to utilize a tensor voting model to reveal the artifacts caused by embedding data. In the proposed steganalytic scheme, the normal voting tensor (NVT) operation is performed on original mesh faces and smoothed mesh faces separately. Then, the absolute values of the differences between the eigenvalues of the two tensors (from the original face and the smoothed face) are regarded as features that capture intricate relationships among the vertices. Subsequently, the extracted features are processed with a nonlinear mapping to boost the feature effectiveness. The experimental results show that the proposed feature sets prevail over state-of-the-art feature sets including LFS64 and ELFS124 under various steganographic schemes.

18.
Hypertension ; 74(2): 375-383, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230546

RESUMO

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are associated with low birth weight, shorter gestational age, and increased risk of maternal and offspring cardiovascular diseases later in life. The mechanisms involved are poorly understood, but epigenetic regulation of gene expression may play a part. We performed meta-analyses in the Pregnancy and Childhood Epigenetics Consortium to test the association between either maternal HDP (10 cohorts; n=5242 [cases=476]) or preeclampsia (3 cohorts; n=2219 [cases=135]) and epigenome-wide DNA methylation in cord blood using the Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip. In models adjusted for confounders, and with Bonferroni correction, HDP and preeclampsia were associated with DNA methylation at 43 and 26 CpG sites, respectively. HDP was associated with higher methylation at 27 (63%) of the 43 sites, and across all 43 sites, the mean absolute difference in methylation was between 0.6% and 2.6%. Epigenome-wide associations of HDP with offspring DNA methylation were modestly consistent with the equivalent epigenome-wide associations of preeclampsia with offspring DNA methylation (R2=0.26). In longitudinal analyses conducted in 1 study (n=108 HDP cases; 550 controls), there were similar changes in DNA methylation in offspring of those with and without HDP up to adolescence. Pathway analysis suggested that genes located at/near HDP-associated sites may be involved in developmental, embryogenesis, or neurological pathways. HDP is associated with offspring DNA methylation with potential relevance to development.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/genética , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Resultado da Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Sangue Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/diagnóstico , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
19.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 44(3): 415-425, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) was traditionally defined as an increase in serum creatinine (sCr) after cardiac surgery. Recently, serum cystatin C (sCyC) has been proposed to be a better biomarker in the prediction of AKI. The clinical utility and performance of combining sCyC and sCr in patients with AKI, particularly for the prediction of long-term outcomes, remain unknown. METHODS: We measured sCyC together with sCr in 628 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. sCyC and sCr were assessed at baseline and 24 and 48 h after surgery. CSA-AKI determined by sCr (CSA-AKIsCr) was defined as an sCr increase greater than 0.3 mg/dL or 50% from baseline. Major adverse events (MAEs; including death of any cause and dialysis) at 3 years were assessed. RESULTS: CSA-AKIsCr developed in 178 patients (28.3%). Three-year follow-up was available for 621 patients; MAEs occurred in 42 patients (6.8%). An increase in sCyC concentration ≥30% within 48 h after surgery was detected in 228 patients (36.3%). This was the best sCyC cutoff for CSA-AKIsCr detection (negative predictive value = 88.8%, positive predictive value = 58.3%). To evaluate the use of both sCyC and sCr as CSA-AKI diagnostic criteria, we stratified patients into 3 groups: non-CSA-AKI, CSA-AKI detected by a single marker, and CSA-AKI detected by both markers. By multivariable logistic regression analysis, the independent predictors of MAEs at 3 years were group 2 (non-CSA-AKI group as the reference, CSA-AKI detected by a single marker: odds ratio [OR] = 3.48, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27-9.58, p = 0.016), group 3 (CSA-AKI detected by both markers: OR = 5.12, 95% CI: 2.01-13.09; p = 0.001), and baseline glomerular filtration rate (OR = 2.24; 95% CI: 1.27-3.95; p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Combining sCyC and sCr to diagnose CSA-AKI would be beneficial for risk stratification and prognosis in patients after cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Creatinina/sangue , Cistatina C/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco
20.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107674

RESUMO

In order to deal with the speed cooperative control problem in the multiple linear induction traction systems consists of multiple linear induction motors, a model-free cooperative adaptive sliding-mode-constrained-control strategy is proposed considering the input magnitude and rate constraints which may cause the problem of actuator and integral saturation. First, the equivalent circuit topology of the single motor in the system is investigated. Besides, the system is considered as the multiagent system with fixed communication topology due to the interaction between adjacent motors. Then, the output observer is presented to estimate the output and the estimation algorithm of pseudo-partial derivative parameter and uncertainties is proposed. Based on the above, the proposed control scheme is presented by designing an integral sliding-mode surface containing the systematic error and an anti-windup compensator is added to eliminate the saturation. Finally, the simulations of the proposed control strategy for multiagent systems are carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed control strategy.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA