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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792748

RESUMO

Tibetans living in the Qing-Tibet plateau show unique genetic features since they are exposed to the high altitude environment. Accordingly, it is necessary for us to analyze genetic components of the Tibetan groups. Here, genetic structure and ancestry proportions of Tibet Tibetan and Qinghai Tibetan groups are dissected by using a previously published ancestral deletion/insertion polymorphisms (DIPs) panel. Genetic distributions of the analyzed DIPs in both Tibetan groups reveal that some DIPs show relatively balanced frequency distributions with the values ranging from 0.4 to 0.6, implying that these DIPs could be used as individual identification loci for forensic applications in both groups. Besides, the cumulative power of discrimination of the panel also reflects that the panel could serve as a valuable tool for forensic individual identifications in Tibet Tibetan and Qinghai Tibetan groups. Population genetic analyses including principal component analysis, DA genetic distances, phylogenetic tree, and genetic structure reveal that two studied Tibetan groups have closer genetic affiliations with East Asian populations. Genetic differentiation analyses of two Han populations, Xinjiang Uyghur and two Tibetan groups reveal that some DIP loci might be informative for differentiating Uyghurs from the other populations.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of a uniform surveillance case definition poses a challenge to characterize the epidemiology, clinical features, and disease burden of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Global standards for RSV surveillance will inform immunization policy when RSV vaccines become available. METHODS: The WHO RSV surveillance pilot leverages the capacities of the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS). Hospitalized and non-hospitalized medically attended patients of any age were tested for RSV using standardized molecular diagnostics throughout the year in fourteen countries. An extended severe acute respiratory infection (extended SARI) or an acute respiratory infection (ARI) case definition was used that did not require fever as a criterion. RESULTS: Amongst 21 221 patients tested for RSV between January 2017 and September 2018, 15 428 (73%) were hospital admissions. Amongst hospitalized RSV-positive patients, 50% were aged <6 months and 88% <2 years. The percentage of patients testing positive for RSV was 37% in children <6 months and 25% in those aged 6 months to 2 years. Patients with fever were less likely to be RSV positive compared to those without fever (OR 0.74; 95% CI: 0.63-0.86). For infants <6 months, 29% of RSV ARI cases did not have fever. CONCLUSION: Requiring fever in a case definition for RSV lowers the sensitivity to detect cases in young children. Countries should consider ways to leverage the GISRS platform to implement RSV surveillance with an augmented case definition amongst the young pediatric population.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122348, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734059

RESUMO

In this work, the hydrolysis residue produced from the acidic concentrated lithium bromide hydrolysis (ALBH) of wheat straw, corn stover and elephant grass were characterized as biochar. The ALBH biochar as the black power had high content of carbon (49.65-55 wt%), specific surface areas (4.53-7.79 m2/g), porous structures (micropores, mesopores and macropores) and abundant oxygen functional groups (hydroxy, carbonyl, ester and ketone groups). These properties made ALBH biochar as a potential adsorbent for environmental remediation, with relatively high removal efficiency for a variety of heavy metal ions, especially hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). Therefore, ALBH technology may be an efficient strategy for synthesis of bio-char along with fermentable sugars, which met the concern of sustainability and green chemistry.

4.
Chemistry ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696988

RESUMO

Invited for the cover of this issue is the group of Yingfu Li at McMaster University. The image depicts a molecular switch for ultra-specific detection of DNA utilizing a guanine-quadruplex (up-right structure) resistant to denaturation by urea (ball-and-stick structures). Read the full text of the article at 10.1002/chem.201903536.

5.
Plant Physiol ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776183

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) and jasmonates (JAs) regulate plant growth, development, and defense responses, but how these phytohormones mediate the growth-defense trade-off is unclear. Here, we identified the Arabidopsis thaliana dwarf at early stages1 (dwe1) mutant, which exhibits enhanced expression of defensin genes PLANT DEFENSIN1.2a (PDF1.2a) and PDF1.2b. The dwe1 mutant showed increased resistance to herbivory by beet armyworms (Spodoptera exigua) and infection by botrytis (Botrytis cinerea). DWE1 encodes ROTUNDIFOLIA3, a cytochrome P-450 protein essential for BR biosynthesis. The JA-inducible transcription of PDF1.2a and PDF1.2b was significantly reduced in the BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE1-ETHYL METHANESULFONATE-SUPPRESSOR1 (BES1) gain-of-function mutant bes1-D, which was highly susceptible to S. exigua and B. cinerea. BES1 directly targeted the terminator regions of PDF1.2a/PDF1.2b and suppressed their expression. PDF1.2a overexpression diminished the enhanced susceptibility of bes1-D to B. cinerea, but did not improve resistance of bes1-D to S. exigua. In response to S. exigua herbivory, BES1 inhibited biosynthesis of the JA-induced insect defense-related metabolite indolic glucosinolate by interacting with transcription factors MYB DOMAIN PROTEIN34 (MYB34), MYB51, and MYB122, and suppressing expression of genes encoding CYTOCHROME P450 FAMILY79 SUBFAMILY B POLYPEPTIDE3 (CYP79B3) and UDP-GLUCOSYL TRANSFERASE 74B1 (UGT74B1). Thus, BR contributes to the growth-defense trade-off by suppressing expression of defensin and glucosinolate biosynthesis genes.

6.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; 115: 103246, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618682

RESUMO

The brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens contains two insulin receptor homologues, designated NlInR1 and NlInR2. NlInR1 is strikingly homologous to the typical InR in insects and vertebrates, containing a ligand-activated intracellular tyrosine kinase catalytic domain. Herein, we report an optimized CRISPR/Cas9 system to induce mutations in the NlInR1 locus in BPH, consisting of a Cas9 plasmid that is specifically expressed in the germline via the Nlvasa promoter and versatile sgRNA expression plasmids under the control of the U6 promoter. We systematically evaluated the efficiency of injection mix compositions and demonstrated an appropriate combination of Cas9/sgRNA to target essential genes. Furthermore, we showed that homozygous mutants for the NlInR1 gene are early embryonic lethal, whereas heterozygous mutants grow more slowly, exhibit a severe reduction in body weight and wing size and live longer than the wild type. Interestingly, the severity of the mutant phenotype was different when targeting distinct important domains of the NlInR1 locus. The severity of the mutant phenotype is similar to that of insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway deficiencies in vertebrates, suggesting a conserved function of NlInR1 in the regulation of development and longevity. Global expression profiling suggests that NlInR1 regulates many cellular processes in BPH, including insulin resistance, phototransduction, metabolism, endocytosis, longevity, biosynthesis and protein processing. Our results also pave the way for understanding the precise molecular mechanism of insulin signaling in wing polyphenism in insects.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595655

RESUMO

The World Health Organization (WHO) recently completed the first phase of a RSV surveillance pilot study in fourteen countries (two to three in each WHO region) building on the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS). This active surveillance strategy had several objectives including understanding RSV-related health burden in a variety of settings. A range of approaches can be used to estimate disease burden; most approaches could not be applied by participating countries in the WHO surveillance pilot. This article provides the recommendations made by WHO for strengthening and expanding the scope of the RSV surveillance in the next phase to enable burden estimation.

8.
J Insect Physiol ; 119: 103966, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626759

RESUMO

Insect gustatory receptors play crucial roles in multiple physiological behaviours. Although the alternative splicing of some gustatory receptors has been observed in insect species, differences in their ligands and functions have rarely been reported. Here, we cloned NlGr10a and NlGr10b, two alternative splicing variants of a sugar gustatory receptor gene in the brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), and found that their ligands were different by calcium imaging assay. The ligands of NlGr10a were fructose and cellobiose, and the ligand of NlGr10b was arabinose. Subsequently, the RNAi results showed that knockdown of both splicing variants decreased the number of eggs laid by BPH females, and the egg hatching rate after knockdown of NlGr10a was significantly lower than that after knockdown of NlGr10b. Furthermore, NlGr10a promoted the fecundity of BPH through the AMPK- and AKT-NlVg/NlVgR signalling pathways, whereas NlGr10b promoted the fecundity only through the AMPK- and AKT-NlVg signalling pathways. These findings broaden our understanding of the difference in the ligands and functions of alternative splicing variants of gustatory receptors in insects.

9.
J Econ Entomol ; 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504646

RESUMO

Conopomorpha sinensis Bradley is the dominant borer pest of litchi and longan in the Asian-pacific area. Reduction or interference of reproduction and mating of adult moths is one of the most used strategies to control C. sinensis. Insect reproduction is a critical biological process closely related to endocrine control. Conopomorpha sinensis genome and transcriptome information is limited, hampering both our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying hormone activity and reproduction and the development of control strategies for this borer pest. To explore the sex differences in gene expression profiles influencing these biological processes, de novo transcriptomes were assembled from female and male adult C. sinensis specimens. This analysis yielded 184,422 unigenes with an average length of 903 bp and 405,961 transcripts after sequencing and assembly. About 45.06, 22.41, 19.53, 34.05, 35.82, 36.42, and 19.85% of the unigenes had significant matches in seven public databases. Subsequently, gene ontology (GO) and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis revealed comprehensive information about the function of each gene and identified enriched categories and pathways that were associated with the 2,890 female-biased genes and 2,964 male-biased genes. In addition, we identified some important unigenes related to hormone activity and reproduction among the sex-differentially expressed genes (DEGs), including unigenes coding for ecdysone-induced protein 78C, juvenile hormone (JH)-regulated gene fatty acyl-CoA reductase, vitellogenin, etc. Our findings provide a more comprehensive portrait of the sex differences involved in the relationship of two important physiological features-hormone activity and reproduction in C. sinensis and members of the family Gracillariidae.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(41): 37768-37778, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553152

RESUMO

Conventional electrochemical processes are mainly operated by cationic redox chemistry. Developing cumulative cationic and anionic redox chemistry offers a transformative approach to increase the energy storage capacity of Li-ion batteries and active sites of catalysts. However, realizing the reversible anionic redox reaction to increase the specific capacity in Li-ion battery materials is a large challenge because uncontrollable anion-anion combination and gas evolutions cause poor cyclic performance. Here, we use open-framework metal-fluorides (FeF3·0.33H2O) to demonstrate cumulative cationic and anionic redox reactions to be realized through O substitution. Experimental studies verified that O substitution could form reductive O ions, and stabilizing this reductive low-coordinated O by p-d orbital hybridization and hydrogen-transfer-mediated O-H bond formation plays an important role in operating anionic electrochemistry. O substitution also exhibits an improved cyclic performance beyond the insertion-reaction capacity (150 mA h/g) of FeF3·0.33H2O (225 and 300 mA h/g). Theoretical calculations show that FeF2.67O0.33·0.33H2O exhibits a 50% higher insertion-reaction capacity (225 mA h/g) than FeF3·0.33H2O (150 mA h/g) before structural collapse, which is attributed to cumulative cationic (Fe3+ ↔ Fe2+) and anionic (O- ↔ O2-) redox reactions based on our electronic structure analysis. The present study opens a new avenue to develop cationic and anionic electrochemistry to improve the storage capacity and cyclic performance through stabilizing low-coordinated O ions.

11.
Chemistry ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475757

RESUMO

DNA detection is usually conducted under nondenaturing conditions to favor the formation of Watson-Crick base-paring interactions. However, although such a setting is excellent for distinguishing a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within short DNA sequences (15-25 nucleotides), it does not offer a good solution to SNP detection within much longer sequences. Here we report on a new detection method capable of detecting SNP in a DNA sequence containing 35-90 nucleotides. This is achieved through incorporating into the recognition DNA sequence a previously discovered DNA molecule that forms a stable G-quadruplex in the presence of 7 molar urea, a known condition for denaturing DNA structures. The systems are configured to produce both colorimetric and fluorescent signals upon target binding.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated acute lower respiratory infection is a common cause for hospitalization and hospital deaths in young children globally. There is urgent need to generate evidence to inform immunization policies when RSV vaccines become available. The WHO piloted a RSV surveillance strategy that leverages the existing capacities of the Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS) to better understand RSV seasonality, high-risk groups, validate case definitions, and develop laboratory and surveillance standards for RSV. METHODS: The RSV sentinel surveillance strategy was piloted in 14 countries. Patients across all age groups presenting to sentinel hospitals and clinics were screened all year-round using extended severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) and acute respiratory infection (ARI) case definitions for hospital and primary care settings, respectively. Respiratory specimens were tested for RSV at the National Influenza Centre (NIC) using standardized molecular diagnostics that had been validated by an External Quality Assurance program. The WHO FluMart data platform was adapted to receive case-based RSV data and visualize interactive visualization outputs. RESULTS: Laboratory standards for detecting RSV by RT-PCR were developed. A review assessed the feasibility and the low incremental costs for RSV surveillance. Several challenges were addressed related to case definitions, sampling strategies, the need to focus surveillance on young children, and the data required for burden estimation. CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence of any significant adverse impact on the functioning of GISRS which is primarily intended for virologic and epidemiological surveillance of influenza.

13.
J Genet Genomics ; 46(6): 291-299, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278008

RESUMO

Microglia are tissue-resident macrophages residing in the central nervous system (CNS) and play critical roles in removing cellular debris and infectious agents as well as regulating neurogenesis and neuronal activities. Yet, the molecular basis underlying the establishment of microglia pool and the maintenance of their homeostasis in the CNS remain largely undefined. Here we report the identification and characterization of a mutant zebrafish, which harbors a point mutation in the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) like receptor gene nlrc3-like, resulting in the loss of microglia in a temperature sensitive manner. Temperature shift assay reveals that the late onset of nlrc3-like deficiency leads to excessive microglia cell death. Further analysis shows that the excessive microglia death in nlrc3-like deficient mutants is attributed, at least in part, to aberrant activation of canonical inflammasome pathway. Our study indicates that proper regulation of inflammasome cascade is critical for the maintenance of microglia homeostasis.

14.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357563

RESUMO

Andrographis paniculata (AP) has been widely used in China for centuries to treat various diseases, and especially to treat inflammation. Diterpenoid lactones are the main anti-inflammatory components of AP. However, systematic chemical composition and biological activities, as well as key pharmacophores, of these diterpenoid lactones from AP have not yet been clearly understood. In this study, 17 diterpenoid lactones, including 2 new compounds, were identified by spectroscopic methods, and most of them attenuated the generation of TNF-α and IL-6 in LPS-induced RAW 274.7 cells examined by ELISA. Pharmacophores of diterpenoid lactones responsible for the anti-inflammatory activities were revealed based on the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models. Moreover, new compounds (AP-1 and AP-4) exerted anti-inflammatory activity in LPS microinjection-induced zebrafish, which might be correlated with the inhibition of the translocation of NF-κB p65 from cytoplasm to nucleus. Our study provides guidelines for future structure modification and rational drug design of diterpenoid lactones with anti-inflammatory properties in medical chemistry.

15.
Haematologica ; 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289206

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia is induced by the BCR/ABL1 oncogene, which encodes a protein tyrosine kinase. We examined the effect of direct overexpression of the human p210 BCR/ABL1 oncoprotein in zebrafish. Humanized p210 BCR/ABL1 protein was detectable in Tg(hsp70:p210BCR/ABL1) transgenic zebrafish embryos and adult kidney marrow. Transgenic zebrafish developed chronic myeloid leukemia, which could be induced via cells into recipients. The expression of human BCR/ABL1 promoted myeloid lineages in Tg(hsp70:p210BCR/ABL1) transgenic embryos. A total of 77 of 101 (76.24%) Tg(hsp70:p210BCR/ABL1) adult transgenic zebrafish (age 6 months to 1 year) developed chronic myeloid leukemia. Chronic myeloid leukemia in zebrafish showed a triphasic phenotype, similar to that in humans, involving a chronic phase predominantly characterized by neutrophils in various degrees of maturation, an accelerated phase with an increase in blasts and immature myeloid elements, and a blast phase with > 90% blasts in both the peripheral blood and kidney marrow. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors, as the standard drug treatment for human chronic myeloid leukemia, effectively reduced the expanded myeloid population in Tg(hsp70:p210BCR/ABL1) transgenic embryos. Moreover, we screened a library of 171 compounds and identified 10 new drugs against BCR/ABL1 kinase-dependent or -independent pathways that could also reduce lcp1 + myeloid cell numbers in Tg(hsp70:p210BCR/ABL1) transgenic embryos. In summary, we generated the first humanized zebrafish chronic myeloid leukemia model that recapitulates many characteristics of human chronic myeloid leukemia. This novel in vivo model will help to elucidate the mechanisms of chronic myeloid leukemia disease progression and allow high-throughput drug screening of possible treatments for chronic myeloid leukemia.

16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2814, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249289

RESUMO

BiCuSeO oxyselenides are promising thermoelectric materials, yet further thermoelectric figure of merit ZT improvement is largely limited by the inferior electrical transport properties. The established literature on these materials shows only one power factor maximum upon carrier concentration optimization, which is typical for most thermoelectric semiconductors. Surprisingly, we found three power factor maxima when doping Bi with Pb. Based on our first-principles calculations, numerical modeling, and experimental investigation, we attribute the three maxima to the Fermi energy optimization, band convergence, and compositing effect due to in situ formed PbSe precipitates. Consequently, three ZT peaks of 0.9, 1.1, and 1.3 at 873 K are achieved for 4, 10, and 14 at.% Pb-doped samples, respectively, revealing the significance of complex electronic structure and multiple roles of Pb in BiCuSeO. The results establish an accurate band structure characterization for BiCuSeO and identify the role of band convergence and nanoprecipitation as the driving mechanism for high ZT.

17.
Insect Sci ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240817

RESUMO

The tracheal apical extracellular matrix (aECM) is vital for expansion of the tracheal lumen and supports the normal structure of the lumen to guarantee air entry and circulation in insects. Although it has been found that some cuticular proteins are involved in the organization of the aECM, unidentified factors still exist. Here, we found that mind the gap (Mtg), a predicted chitin-binding protein, is required for the normal formation of the apical chitin matrix of airway tubes in the model holometabolous insect Drosophila melanogaster. Similar to chitin, the Mtg protein was linearly arranged in the tracheal dorsal trunk of the tracheae in Drosophila. Decreased mtg expression in the tracheae seriously affected the viability of larvae and caused tracheal chitin spiral defects in some larvae. Analysis of mtg mutant showed that mtg was required for normal development of tracheae in embryos. Irregular taenidial folds of some mtg mutant embryos were found on either lateral view of tracheal dorsal trunk or internal view of transmission electron microscopy analysis. These abnormal tracheae were not fully filled with gas and accompanied by a reduction in tracheal width, which are characteristic phenotypes of tracheal aECM defects. Furthermore, in the hemimetabolous brown planthopper (BPH) Nilaparvata lugens, downregulation of NlCPAP1-N (a homolog of mtg) also led to the formation of abnormal tracheal chitin spirals and death. These results suggest that mtg and its homolog are involved in the proper organization of the tracheal aECMs in flies and BPH, and that this function may be conserved in insects.

18.
BMC Microbiol ; 19(1): 139, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The brown planthopper (BPH) is likely the most destructive, piercing and sucking monophagous insect pest of rice that causes substantial economic losses to farmers. Although yeast-like symbionts (YLS) and virus transmission have been observed in the BPH, the bacterial population inhabiting the BPH has received minimal research attention. Labelling BPH-associated bacterial species may shed light on BPH biology and the interaction between the BPH and rice to provide novel approaches for the efficient control of this insect pest. RESULTS: We examined RNA-seq results to identify bacterial populations present in different generations of BPHs maintained on susceptible or resistant rice varieties. Overall, 87 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were determined from the BPH-F0, F6 and F16 generations. These OTUs had Shannon and Simpson index values of 0.37-0.6 and 0.56-1.19, respectively. The evenness values of 0.7-1.00 showed the vastness of the bacterial diversity recovered from the BPH samples. The results showed high species diversity in the BPHs collected from susceptible rice and a high number of members of unclassified bacteria in the BPHs isolated from resistant rice. We noticed that Proteobacteria OTUs were predominant across all samples. Furthermore, PCR data of Asaia species showed variable DNA amplification across the BPH samples collected from susceptible or resistant varieties. The identification of Asaia in BPH eggs and BPH-egg-infected rice revealed its influence on the interaction between the BPH egg and rice. CONCLUSIONS: The BPHs had clear differences in their microbiomes and in their ability to feed on different rice hosts. These variations could have an essential impact on host adaptation and interaction. These results provide a better understanding of the bacterial diversity and interaction of the microbiome of different generations of BPHs. Furthermore, PCR data of Asaia sp. variation across the BPH samples (isolated from different host genotypes selected from the field and laboratory, including BPH eggs and egg-infected rice tissues), suggest that Asaia could be an important member of the insect microbiome involved in adaptation, its interaction with rice and, most importantly, as a paratransgenic tool for insect control.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) in young children. ICD-10-based syndromic surveillance can transmit data rapidly in a standardized way. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the use of RSV-specific ICD-10 codes for RSV surveillance. METHODS: We performed a retrospective descriptive data analysis based on existing ICD-10-based surveillance systems for ALRI in primary and secondary care and a linked virological surveillance in Germany. We described RSV epidemiology and compared the epidemiological findings based on ICD-10 and virological data. We calculated sensitivity and specificity of RSV-specific ICD-10 codes and in combination with ICD-10 codes for acute respiratory infections (ARI) for the identification of laboratory-confirmed RSV infections. RESULTS: Based on the ICD-10 and virological data, epidemiology of RSV was described, and common findings were found. The RSV-specific ICD-10 codes had poor sensitivity 6% (95%-CI: 3%-12%) and high specificity 99.8% (95%-CI: 99.6%-99.9%). In children <5 years and in RSV seasons, the sensitivities of RSV-specific ICD-10 codes combined with general ALRI ICD-10 codes J18.-, J20.- and with J12.-, J18.-, J20.-, J21.-, J22 were moderate (44%, 95%-CI: 30%-59%). The specificities of both combinations remained high (91%, 95%-CI: 86%-94%; 90%, 95%-CI: 85%-94%). CONCLUSIONS: The use of RSV-specific ICD-10 codes may be a useful indicator to describe RSV epidemiology. However, RSV-specific ICD-10 codes underestimate the number of actual RSV infections. This can be overcome by combining RSV-specific and general ALRI ICD-10 codes. Further investigations are required to validate this approach in other settings.

20.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(7): 1568-1577, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196359

RESUMO

A fast and simple strategy for early detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is urgently required because of cancer metastasis. In this work, we assembled an electrochemical biosensor by two aptamers that could form hairpin and specifically recognize K562 cells. The thiolated capture aptamer was fixed on the gold electrode surface. The detection aptamer was linked with a primer at 3 end which could trigger rolling circle amplification to prolong the sequence of aptamer. The dual-aptamer model was fabricated to improve the capture specificity and efficiency for K562 cells. The rolling circle amplification improved the detection sensitivity by inhibiting electron transfer of [Fe(CN)6]3-/4- which could be measured by differential pulse voltammetry. The detection limit of 25 cells mL-1 and linear ranges of 1 × 10 2 to 1 × 105 cells mL-1 were obtained under optimal experimental conditions. Our work exhibited a label-free and simple method for detecting CTCs using cell-specific aptasensor, showing an expected possibility for further CTCs-related study and clinical applications of this novel method.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Ouro , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
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