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1.
Chemosphere ; 317: 137887, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657571

RESUMO

Persulfate/Fe2+-based advanced oxidation processes are widely used to treat water contaminated with 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT). However, the oxidation of DNT by persulfate/Fe2+ in the presence of the chloride ion (Cl⁻) has not been addressed, and the transformation pathways and toxicities of the intermediate products remain unclear. In this study, the effect of different Cl⁻ concentrations on the oxidation of DNT was investigated by persulfate/Fe2+. After the addition of 1.0 mM Cl⁻ and 6 h of oxidation, the removal efficiency of DNT increased by 68.5%. Scavenging experiments and an electron spin resonance analysis suggested that Cl⁻ caused hydroxyl radicals to increase in content in the persulfate/Fe2+ system, thus promoting the removal of DNT. Eight intermediate products of DNT were accurately detected using high-resolution mass spectrometry, and the transformation pathways of DNT were proposed, including hydroxylation/oxidation, elimination of the nitro group, and chlorination process. The acute and chronic toxicities of the intermediate products decreased during the oxidation process, but chlorinated by-products posed a higher toxicological risk. This result is vital for the practical application and environmental safety evaluation of persulfate/Fe2+-based advanced oxidation.

2.
Neuroendocrinology ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630921

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with depression have a higher risk of complications and mortality than T2DM without depression. However, the exact neuropathophysiological mechanism remains unclear. Consequently, the current study aimed to investigate the alteration of cortical and subcortical spontaneous neural activity in T2DM patients with and without depression. METHODS: The demographic data, clinical variables, neuropsychological tests, and functional and anatomical magnetic resonance imaging of depressed T2DM (n=47) of non-depressed T2DM (n=59) and healthy controls (n=41) were collected and evaluated. The correlation analysis, stepwise multiple linear regression, and receiver operating characteristic curve were performed for further analysis. RESULTS: Abnormal neural activities in the bilateral posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and hippocampus were observed in depressed and non-depressed T2DM and the right putamen of the depressed T2DM. Interestingly, the subcortical degree centrality (DC) of the right hippocampus and putamen were higher in depressed than non-depressed T2DM. Furthermore, the cortical amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) in PCC, subcortical DC in the putamen of depressed T2DM, and hippocampus of non-depressed T2DM was correlated with cognitive scores. In contrast, the cortical fractional ALFF in PCC of non-depressed T2DM was correlated with depression scores. CONCLUSIONS: The abnormalities of spontaneous cortical activity in PCC and subcortical activity in the hippocampus might represent the neurobiological feature of cerebral dysfunction in T2DM. Notably, the altered subcortical activity in the right putamen might mainly associate with negative emotion in T2DM, which could be a promising biomarker for recognizing early cerebral dysfunction in depressed T2DM.

3.
Acc Chem Res ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628651

RESUMO

ConspectusAlkenes are versatile compounds that are readily available on a large scale from industry or through organic synthesis. The widespread occurrence of alkenes provides the continuous impetus for the development of catalytic asymmetric alkene hydrofunctionalizations, which enables expeditious construction of complex chiral molecules from readily available starting materials. Catalytic asymmetric hydrofunctionalization of internal alkenes presents a notable challenge, due to their low reactivity, many potential side reactions, and the simultaneous control of the regio-, diastereo-, and enantioselectivities.Dehydroamino acids and enamides are among the first substrates that provide notable enantioselectivities in catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation. The crucial importance of an amide coordinating group is established by a series of classical mechanistic studies. This initial success greatly stimulated further development for catalytic hydrogenation and hydrofunctionalization. Building on these pioneering works in asymmetric hydrogenation as well as related hydrofunctionalizations, we have adopted coordination assistance as a powerful tool to address the challenges associated with the asymmetric hydrofunctionalization of internal alkenes. Using a functional group on the alkene substrate as a native coordinating group, a two-point binding mode of the substrate to the metal center effectively enhances the reactivity and facilitates the control of regio-, diastereo- and enantioselectivities. Through this strategy, we have developed a number of alkene hydrofunctionalization methods with excellent regio-, diastereo-, and enantiocontrols.In this Account, we summarize the recent advance in our lab using coordination assistance as a key element to achieve regio- and enantioselective hydroalkynylation of internal alkenes. First, we describe our early work aimed at controlling the regio- and enantioselectivity of hydroalkynylation using disubstituted enamide as the substrate. Both α- and ß-alkynylation were achieved by channeling the reaction pathway into a Chalk-Harrod or modified Chalk-Harrod mechanism. Next, we discuss the further development of catalysts to achieve regiodivergent and enantioselective hydroalkynylation of trisubstituted enamide to access vicinal stereocenters and quaternary carbon stereocenters. We also discuss the hydroalkynylation of α,ß-unsaturated amides to achieve unconventional site-selectivity through a combination of alkene isomerization and regioselective hydroalkynylation. This provides the basis for the construction of a remote quaternary carbon stereocenter through catalytic hydroalkynylation of trisubstituted ß,γ-unsaturated amides. We further show that this controlling principle is applicable to terminal alkene with a coordinating group as well. A ligand-controlled mechanism shift is discussed for the enantioselective alkynylation at the terminal and internal position of 1,1,-disubstituted alkenes. Finally, we briefly mention the application of coordination assistance to other hydrofunctionalizations such as hydroboration and hydrosilylation, where previously inaccessible reactivity and selectivity were achieved. Collectively, these catalytic methods demonstrate the power of coordination assistance for enantioselective hydrofunctionalizations. We anticipate that this strategy will create a platform to enable diverse enantioselective alkene transformations.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614179

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a five-year survival rate of less than 50% due to its susceptibility to invasion and metastasis. Crosstalk between tumor cells and macrophages has been proven to play a critical role in tumor cell migration and invasion. However, the specific mechanisms by which tumor cells interact with macrophages have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to investigate the regulatory mechanism of tumor cell-derived alpha-enolase (ENO1) in the interaction between tumor cells and macrophages during OSCC progression. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection and recombinant human ENO1 (rhENO1) stimulation were used to interfere with the interaction between tumor cells and macrophages. Our results showed that ENO1 was expressed higher in CAL27 cells than in HaCaT cells and regulated lactic acid release in CAL27 cells. Conditioned medium of macrophages (Macro-CM) significantly up-regulated the ENO1 mRNA expression and protein secretion in CAL27 cells. ENO1 promoted the migration and invasion of tumor cells by facilitating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through macrophages. ENO1 orchestrated the IL-6 secretion of macrophages via tumor cell-derived lactic acid and the paracrine ENO1/Toll-like receptor (TLR4) signaling pathway. In turn, IL-6 promoted the migration and invasion of tumor cells. Collectively, ENO1 promotes tumor cell migration and invasion by orchestrating IL-6 secretion of macrophages via a dual mechanism, thus forming a positive feedback loop to promote OSCC progression. ENO1 might be a promising therapeutic target which is expected to control OSCC progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Retroalimentação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Macrófagos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/genética , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
5.
Nat Cell Biol ; 25(1): 170-182, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624186

RESUMO

T cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive malignancy with poor prognosis, but a decisive marker and effective treatment for leukaemia stem cells (LSCs) remain unclear. Here, using lineage tracing, limiting dilution assays and in vivo live imaging approaches, we identify rare inhibitory receptor programmed cell death 1 (PD-1)-expressing cells that reside at the apex of leukaemia hierarchy for initiation and relapse in T-ALL. Ablation of PD-1-expressing cells, deletion of PD-1 in T-ALL cells or blockade of PD-1 or PD-1 ligand 1 significantly eradicated LSCs and suppressed disease progression. Combination therapy using PD-1 blockade and chemotherapy substantially extended the survival of mice engrafted with mouse or human T-ALL cells. Mechanistically, PD-1+ LSCs had high NOTCH1-MYC activity for disease initiation. Furthermore, PD-1 signalling maintained quiescence and protected LSCs against T cell receptor-signal-induced apoptosis. Overall, our data highlight the hierarchy of leukaemia by identifying PD-1+ LSCs and provide a therapeutic approach for the elimination of LSCs through PD-1 blockade in T-ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/patologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Apoptose , Morte Celular , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 227: 146-157, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529218

RESUMO

As a green sustainable material, lignin-derived porous carbon (LPC) exhibits great application potential when used as the anode material in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), but the applications are limited by the heterogeneity of the lignin precursor. Therefore, it is crucial to reveal the relationship among lignin properties, porous carbon structure and the kinetics of lithium-ion storage. Herein, LPCs from fractionated lignin have been prepared by an eco-friendly and recyclable activator. The structure of the LPCs was regulated by adjusting the molecular weight, linkage abundance and glass transition temperature (Tg) of lignin macromolecules. As the anode material of LIBs, the prepared 3D flower-like LPCE70 could achieve a reversible capacity of 528 mAh g-1 at a current density of 0.2 A g-1 after 200 cycles, 63 % higher than that of commercial graphite. Furthermore, kinetic calculations of lithium-ion storage behavior of LPCs were firstly used to confirm the contribution ratio of diffusion-controlled behavior and capacitive effect. Lignin with a high linkage abundance could yield LPCE70 with the largest interlayer spacing and specific surface area to maximize lithium-ion storage from both diffusion-controlled and capacitive contributions of specific capacities. This work provides a green, facile and effective pathway for value-added utilization of lignin in LIBs.


Assuntos
Lignina , Lítio , Cinética , Carbono , Eletrodos , Íons
7.
Reprod Sci ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471217

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is crucial to tumor growth and metastasis; it plays a key role in various cancers development and progression. However, the potential effects of angiogenesis-related genes (ARGs) in ovarian cancer (OC) remain to be further investigated. We discussed the characteristics changes of ARGs in 784 OC samples from genomic and transcriptional levels, as well as their expression patterns based on four distinct datasets. First, 784 OC patients were divided into three molecular subtypes, and the findings indicated that ARG changes were correlated with clinicopathological parameters, prognosis, and immune cell-infiltrating tumor microenvironment (TME). OC patients were subsequently divided into two gene subtypes depending on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of the abovementioned molecular subtypes. We also established an ARGs-related score (ARGs score) model for evaluating overall survival (OS) and determining the immunological landscape of OC patients, therefore predicting patients' prognosis and therapeutic responses. A lower ARGs' score accompanied by a high mutation frequency implies a higher probability of survival. Furthermore, the ARG score was correlated with the cancer stem cell (CSC) index and chemotherapeutic sensitivity. The significant involvement of ARGs in the tumor-immune-stromal microenvironment, clinicopathological characteristics, and prognosis were established in our systematic investigation of ARGs for OC patients. These discoveries might help us to better understand the role of ARGs in OC, as well as give new insight for predicting the prognosis and providing promising immunotherapy.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(10): 1036-1040, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To accurately and effectively identify the most critical needs of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment for patients with severe cardiopulmonary diseases, and to better carry out continuous improvement of medical service quality an patients' satisfaction. METHODS: Patients who underwent ECMO and transferred from 56 medical institutions in the Henan Provincial People's Hospital Critical Care Medicine Specialist Alliance [the patients who were transported before applying quality function deployment (QFD) from June 2017 to May 2018 were enrolled as the control group, and patients who were transported after applying QFD from June 2018 to May 2019 were the observation group], medical staff in the alliance hospitals, ECMO transfer teams and transfer driver teams were enrolled as the subjects of the survey. QFD was applied to convert the collected requirements into quality improvement elements for targeted improvement measures. RESULTS: A total of 125 questionnaires were distributed in this survey, and 116 valid questionnaires were collected, including 91 from patients (including 27 from the control group and 64 from the observation group), 10 from the medical staff of the alliance hospitals, 10 from the ECMO transport teams and 5 from the transport driver teams. The questionnaire recovery rate was 92.8%. The improvement elements of ECMO treatment for patients with critical cardiopulmonary diseases were ranked according to the importance, and the top five were as follows: the accuracy of the first diagnosis, the specialization of ECMO team, the guarantee of vehicle safety, the seamless responses, and the smooth coordinated rescue protocol. CONCLUSIONS: The top five improvement elements should be prioritized in ECMO treatment of patients with critical cardiopulmonary disease in all hospitals of the Alliance to ensure more accurate and timely treatment.

9.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e938168, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND In this study, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of transnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilator exchange (THRIVE) with facemask pre-oxygenation in 40 patients ≥65 years of age undergoing general anesthesia during gastrointestinal surgery for intestinal obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with gastrointestinal obstruction were randomized to either a facemask group (group M, n=20) or THRIVE group (group T, n=20). During pre-oxygenation, the 2 groups used a facemask (100% oxygen, 6 L/min) and THRIVE (100% oxygen, 40 L/min) to supply oxygen, respectively. Induction of anesthesia was performed in both groups using facemasks and without mechanical or assisted ventilation. The intubation occurred after myorelaxant action began. When the peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) dropped below 95%, or 480 s after administration of muscle relaxants, mechanical ventilation was initiated immediately. The primary outcome was arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) at 5 min after pre-oxygenation. A secondary outcome was time to SpO2 of 95% during apnea, with a cut-off time of 480 s. RESULTS PaO2 at 5 min after pre-oxygenation was (261.5±30.9) mmHg for group M and (446.1±84.4) mmHg for group T (P<0.001). Based on survival analysis, the median time-to-event in group T was 480 s (95% CI 415.7 s - upper limit unknown) and 240 s (95% CI 225.9-254.1 s) in group M (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS In elderly patients undergoing rapid sequence induction, pre-oxygenation with THRIVE could improve oxygenation and extend safe apnea time, compared with facemask pre-oxygenation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Insuflação , Obstrução Intestinal , Idoso , Humanos , Máscaras , Apneia , Ventiladores Mecânicos , Anestesia Geral , Oxigênio
10.
Hepatol Int ; 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by a high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. In recent years, the therapeutic regimen of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody combined with multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (mTKIs) has achieved better results in the clinical application of hepatocellular carcinoma. Whole-exome sequencing can reflect the mutational characteristics of patients' exons and guide the clinical selection of molecular targeting drugs more accurately, which is in line with the concept of precision medicine. METHODS: We performed exome sequencing on 63 patients with HCC treated with radical surgery at our hospital and collected their clinical indexes and postoperative follow-up data. Using machine learning, a prediction model for recurrence within 1 year was constructed and the model was presented in a nomogram. Patients treated with PD-1 antibodies in combination with mTKIs after relapse were grouped by prognosis, and the valuable mutated genes were screened according to whole-exome sequencing data. The tumor tissue immune cells were analyzed using the UCSC Xena database. The expressions of target proteins were verified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively, on commercial HCC cell lines and pathological specimens of hepatocellular carcinoma collected clinically. RESULTS: The proportion of patients who relapsed within a year was 41% and the prognosis of those patients was poor. The characteristic exon mutation profile with a high frequency of variants in multiple mucin genes was present in Chinese HCC patients. Multiple nidi and 30 exon variants were brought into the prediction model with an area under the curve (AUC) = 0.94. MUC6 gene mutation was obvious in patients with an early recurrence, and MUC3A and MUC4 gene mutations were evident in patients with poorer responses to PD-1 antibodies combined with mTKIs. Those three mucins were negatively correlated with immune infiltrating cells. CONCLUSIONS: We depicted the exon characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma in the Chinese population and established a predictive model for recurrence within 1 year after radical surgical treatment. Moreover, we found that mucins were worthy targets of hepatocellular carcinoma.

11.
J Contemp Brachytherapy ; 14(5): 462-469, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36478703

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) combined with intra-tumoral iodine-125 (125I) particle implantation and chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic head cancer (LAPHC) with obstructive jaundice. Material and methods: Twenty-one patients with LAPHC with obstructive jaundice were selected, and routine examination before surgery to determine location of obstruction and degree of bile duct dilatation was performed. All 21 patients underwent PTCD first, and usual examinations, including liver and kidney function, were re-examined after operation. When the liver function recovered significantly, patients were treated with seed implantation and systemic chemotherapy after surgery. Clinical efficacy and complications of 21 patients were observed, and changes in survival time and serum level of tumor markers were analyzed. Results: After combined treatment, there were 3 cases of complete response (CR), 12 cases of partial response (PR), 3 cases of stable disease (SD), and 3 cases of progressive disease (PD) in 21 patients. The overall effective rate was 71.43%, and the local control rate was 85.71%. The pain relief was statistically significant one month after treatment, compared with that before treatment (VAS scores: 6.76 ±2.25 vs. 3.25 ±1.92, p < 0.001), and the rate of pain relief was 71.43% (15/21). In all patients, jaundice, abdominal pain, and abdominal distension improved to different degrees after surgery, and the skin pruritus disappeared. Bilirubin and transaminase improved to varying degrees 3 days, 1 week, and 4 weeks after treatment (p < 0.05). Cancer antigen 199 (CA-199), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) after combination therapy, achieved statistically significant differences (t = 9.525, 10.378, 3.262, respectively, p < 0.05). The overall survival time of 21 patients was 11.6 months, ranging from 3.9 to 22.6 months. Conclusions: For LAPHC patients with obstructive jaundice, PTCD combined with particle implantation and chemotherapy is clinically effective in improving the quality of life and prolonging survival.

12.
Molecules ; 27(23)2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36500708

RESUMO

The chemical insecticide flonicamid is widely used to control aphids on crops. Differences among crops make the universality of detection methods a particularly important consideration. The aim of this study was to establish a universal, sensitive, accurate and efficient method for the determination of flonicamid residues in peach, cucumber, cabbage and cotton. QuEChERS pretreatment was combined with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). A satisfactory recovery rate of 84.3-99.3% was achieved at three spiking levels, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was 0.41-5.95%. The limit of quantification (LOQ) of flonicamid in the four matrices was 0.01 mg/kg. The residue and dissipation kinetics of flonicamid in four types of crops in various locations were determined by using the optimized method. The results showed that flonicamid had a high dissipation rate in the four different types of crops and a half-life in the different matrices and locations of 2.28-9.74 days. The terminal residue of flonicamid was lower than the maximum residue limit (MRL). The risk quotient (RQ) of flonicamid was 4.4%, which is significantly lower than 100%. This result shows that the dietary risk presented by using flonicamid at the maximum recommended dose is low and acceptable. The comprehensive long-term dietary risk assessment of flonicamid performed in this study provides a reference for the protection of consumer health and safe insecticide use.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Cinética , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Inseticidas/análise , Meia-Vida , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise
13.
Molecules ; 27(24)2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anlotinib is a highly potent multi-target tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Accumulating evidence suggests that anlotinib exhibits effective anti-tumor activity against various cancer subtypes. However, the effects of anlotinib against cisplatin-resistant (CIS) ovarian cancer (OC) are yet to be elucidated. The objective of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of anlotinib on the pathogenesis of cisplatin-resistant OC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human OC cell lines (A2780 and A2780 CIS) were cultured and treated with or without anlotinib. The effects of anlotinib on cell proliferation were determined using cell-counting kit-8 and colony-formation assays. To evaluate the invasion and metastasis of OC cells, we performed wound-healing and transwell assays. The cell cycle was analyzed via flow cytometry. A xenograft mouse model was used to conduct in vivo studies to verify the effects of anlotinib. The expression of Ki-67 in the tumor tissue was detected via immunohistochemistry. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to measure the mRNA and protein levels. RESULTS: Our study revealed that anlotinib significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of A2780 and A2780 CIS in a dose-dependent way in vitro (p < 0.05). Through R software 'limma' package analysis of GSE15372, it was found that, in comparison with A2780, PLK2 was expressed in significantly low levels in the corresponding cisplatin-resistant strains. The ERK1/2/Plk2 signaling axis mediates the inhibitory effect of anlotinib on the proliferation and migration of ovarian cancer cell lines. Moreover, our research found that anlotinib effectively inhibited the growth of tumor cells in an OC xenograft mouse model. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, anlotinib showed excellent inhibitory effects against cisplatin-resistant OC both in vitro and in vivo. These results add to the growing body of evidence supporting anlotinib as a potential anticancer agent against OC.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Proliferação de Células
14.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(12): 1971-1977, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36536971

RESUMO

AIM: To observe the long-term clinical efficacy of intravitreal injections of conbercept, a novel vascular growth factor inhibitor, for the treatment of pathological myopia choroidal neovascularization (PM-CNV). METHODS: A total of 67 eyes (from 67 patients; mean age, 54.90±12.7y) with PM-CNV were retrospectively researched. Based on the different schemes used for the administration of the drug, the patients were divided into two groups: group A (n=35; average age, 53.31±13.6y; average diopter, 9.25±1.72 D), which received only one injection of pro re nata (PRN; 1+PRN regimen), and group B (n=32; average age, 56.49±11.8y; average diopter, 9.63±2.24 D), which received one injection per month for 3mo (3+PRN regimen). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) analysis, intraocular pressure (IOP) examination, slit-lamp microscopy, fundus examination and optical coherence tomography were performed at each follow-up. The recurrence and treatment times of CNV were recorded. The patients were followed up for at least 12mo. RESULTS: The BCVA was increased in 29 eyes (82.9%) in group A and 30 eyes (93.75%) in group B; no increase or decrease was observed in 6 (17.1%) and 2 (6.25%) eyes in groups A and B, respectively. The BCVA (logMAR) values before treatment (0.67±0.48 and 0.71±0.56) were significantly higher than those 12mo after treatment (0.31±0.26 and 0.33±0.17) in groups A and B, respectively (P<0.05). The mean central macular thickness (CMT) values had significantly decreased from 346.49±65.99 and 360.10±82.31 µm at baseline to 257.29±40.47 and 251.97±48.26 µm in groups A and B, respectively, after 12mo of treatment. A total of 21 eyes in group A needed reinjection (60%; average number of injections, 2.51±0.98); the corresponding values in group B were 6 eyes (18.75%; average number of injections, 3.74±1.22). There were no adverse ocular and systemic complications during the treatment and follow-up. CONCLUSION: Intravitreal injection of conbercept with 1+PRN or 3+PRN improve the visual acuity, reduce macular edema and reduce the level of CMT in patients with PM-CNV. The 3+PRN regimen demonstrates a lower recurrence rate of CNV than the 1+PRN regimen, but requires more treatment. However, both treatment regimens demonstrate long-term safety and efficacy for the treatment of PM-CNV.

15.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Labor-saving pesticide application technology is eagerly pursued in the planting system of Chinese chives. In this study, we developed a set of application approaches by turning fungicides into smoke to achieve this goal. RESULTS: The fungicides fludioxonil, fluopyram, boscalid, procymidone, and prochloraz could be vaporized into smoke at temperatures below 300 °C. The SFR (smoke formation rate) decreased with the increasing temperature. At 300 °C, the SFR of fludioxonil, fluopyram, boscalid and procymidone were all higher than 80%. At 300 °C and 600 °C, there were no significant differences in the smoke particle state of these five fungicides. However, the inhibition rate of these five fungicides against the growth of Botrytis squamosa generally decreased with the temperature. At 600 °C, only fludioxonil and boscalid had inhibition rates higher than 80%. The deposition uniformity of fungicide smoke increased with the increasing amounts of NH4 Cl. When the amount of NH4 Cl reached 80% of the total content, the smoke of fungicide was uniformly deposited throughout each glass slide. In the greenhouse experiment, the control efficacy of fungicide application by smoke was significantly better than that of spraying application, whereas its residue was much lower. CONCLUSION: It is feasible to control air-borne disease through the vaporization of fungicides into smoke by electrical heating. Smoke application would effectively inhibit the spores in the air and would not increase the humidity of the environment. These findings indicate that smoke application is a labor-saving pesticide application technology viable in production. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(24)2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560133

RESUMO

The analysis of infrared spectroscopy of substances is a non-invasive measurement technique that can be used in analytics. Although the main objective of this study is to provide a review of machine learning (ML) algorithms that have been reported for analyzing near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy from traditional machine learning methods to deep network architectures, we also provide different NIR measurement modes, instruments, signal preprocessing methods, etc. Firstly, four different measurement modes available in NIR are reviewed, different types of NIR instruments are compared, and a summary of NIR data analysis methods is provided. Secondly, the public NIR spectroscopy datasets are briefly discussed, with links provided. Thirdly, the widely used data preprocessing and feature selection algorithms that have been reported for NIR spectroscopy are presented. Then, the majority of the traditional machine learning methods and deep network architectures that are commonly employed are covered. Finally, we conclude that developing the integration of a variety of machine learning algorithms in an efficient and lightweight manner is a significant future research direction.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368434

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To map supraclavicular fossa-involved lymph nodes (SCF-LNs) in patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer, evaluate the coverage of widely adopted atlases, and propose modified borders for individualized regional irradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: M0 patients with biopsy-proven SCF-LNs who were SCF treatment-naïve were included. The SCF was spatially divided into subregions, with each node mapped on the original images. The geographic misses after the borders of multiple atlases were evaluated and factors affecting SCF-LNs' spread pattern were analyzed. RESULTS: From 1998 to 2022, 209 patients with 1242 SCF-LNs were eligible. Patients had a median of 4 nodes. At least 537 nodes (43.2%) in 147 patients (70.3%) were lateral to the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), and 403 nodes (32.4%) in 127 patients (60.8%) were dorsal to the anterior scalene muscle (ASM). In the 88 patients with ≤3 SCF-LNs, at least 66 nodes (39.1%) in 40 patients (45.5%) were lateral to the SCM, and 34 nodes (20.1%) in 29 patients (33.0%) were dorsal to the ASM. These nodes were not covered by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) atlas and partly within the Radiotherapy Comparative Effectiveness atlas. One hundred four patients (49.8%) had 432 SCF-LNs (34.8%) beyond the upper border of the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) atlas. In multivariate regression, nodal sizes were associated with wider spread in the primary group. Being triple-negative (TN) subtype was associated with less spread in the recurrent group. Situation-based clinical target volumes (CTVs) were theorized, in which for a sequential spread, the posterior border could be the posterior scalene muscle or even be more constringent; otherwise, it should touch the anterior trapezius surface. CONCLUSIONS: SCF-LNs tend to spread laterally and dorsally beyond the RTOG borders, even in M0 stages with ≤3 SCF-LNs. The ESTRO upper border does not guarantee coverage with multiple SCF-LNs. Nodal burden and non-TN types are predictive of wider dissemination. A situation-based CTV is possibly feasible. Deciphering the SCF-LN spread route is needed.

18.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364106

RESUMO

Naringenin (5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavanone), belonging to the flavanone subclass, is associated with beneficial effects such as anti-oxidation, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic effects. Drug metabolism plays an essential role in drug discovery and clinical safety. However, due to the interference of numerous endogenous substances in metabolic samples, the identification and efficient characterization of drug metabolites are difficult. Here, ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to obtain mass spectral information of plasma (processed by three methods), urine, feces, liver tissue, and liver microsome samples. Moreover, a novel analytical strategy named "ion induction and deduction" was proposed to systematically screen and identify naringenin metabolites in vivo and in vitro. The analysis strategy was accomplished by the establishment of multiple "net-hubs" and the induction and deduction of fragmentation behavior. Finally, 78 naringenin metabolites were detected and identified from samples of rat plasma, urine, feces, liver tissue, and liver microsomes, of which 67 were detected in vivo and 13 were detected in vitro. Naringenin primarily underwent glucuronidation, sulfation, oxidation, methylation, ring fission, and conversion into phenolic acid and their composite reactions. The current study provides significant help in extracting target information from complex samples and sets the foundation for other pharmacology and toxicology research.


Assuntos
Flavanonas , Ratos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas , Microssomos Hepáticos
19.
Front Genet ; 13: 1001239, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425071

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most troubling malignant tumor of the female reproductive system. It has a low early diagnosis rate and a high tumor recurrence rate after treatment. Immunogenic cell death (ICD) is a unique form of regulated cell death that can activate the adaptive immune system through the release of DAMPs and cytokines in immunocompromised hosts and establish long-term immunologic memory. Therefore, this study aims to explore the prognostic value and underlying mechanisms of ICD-related genes in OC on the basis of characteristics. Methods: The gene expression profiles and related clinical information of OC were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. ICD-related genes were collected from the Genecards database. ICD-related prognostic genes were obtained by intersecting ICD-related genes with the OC prognostic-related genes that were analyzed in the TCGA database. Functional enrichment, genetic mutation, and immune infiltration correlation analyses were further performed to identify underlying mechanisms. Subsequently, we developed a TCGA cohort-based prognostic risk model that included a nine-gene signature through univariate and multivariate Cox regression and LASSO regression analyses. Meanwhile, external validation was performed on two sets of GEO cohorts and the TCGA training cohort for three other common tumors in women. In addition, a nomogram was established by integrating clinicopathological features and ICD-related gene signature to predict survival probability. Finally, functional enrichment and immune infiltration analyses were performed on the two risk subgroups. Results: By utilizing nine genes (ERBB2, RB1, CCR7, CD38, IFNB1, ANXA2, CXCL9, SLC9A1, and SLAMF7), we constructed an ICD-related prognostic signature. Subsequently, patients were subdivided into high- and low-risk subgroups in accordance with the median value of the risk score. In multivariate Cox regression analyses, risk score was an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio = 2.783; p < 0.01). In the TCGA training cohort and the two GEO validation cohorts, patients with high-risk scores had worse prognosis than those with low-risk scores (p < 0.05). The time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve further validated the prognostic power of the gene signature. Finally, gene set enrichment analysis indicated that multiple oncological pathways were significantly enriched in the high-risk subgroup. By contrast, the low-risk subgroup was strongly related to the immune-related signaling pathways. Immune infiltration analysis further illustrated that most immune cells showed higher levels of infiltration in the low-risk subgroup than in the high-risk subgroup. Conclusion: We constructed a novel ICD-related gene model for forecasting the prognosis and immune infiltration status of patients with OC. In the future, new ICD-related genes may provide novel potential targets for the therapeutic intervention of OC.

20.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 335, 2022 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) promotes oxygenation, its application in sedated gastroscopy in elderly patients has received little attention. This study investigated the effect of different inhaled oxygen concentrations (FiO2) of HFNC during sedated gastroscopy in elderly patients. METHODS: In a prospective randomized single-blinded study, 369 outpatients undergoing regular gastroscopy with propofol sedation delivered by an anesthesiologist were randomly divided into three groups (n = 123): nasal cannula oxygen group (Group C), 100% FiO2 of HFNC group (Group H100), and 50% FiO2 of HFNC (Group H50). The primary endpoint in this study was the incidence of hypoxia events with pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≤ 92%. The secondary endpoints included the incidence of other varying degrees of hypoxia and adverse events associated with ventilation and hypoxia. RESULTS: The incidence of hypoxia, paradoxical response, choking, jaw lift, and mask ventilation was lower in both Group H100 and Group H50 than in Group C (P < 0.05). Compared with Group H100, Group H50 showed no significant differences in the incidence of hypoxia, jaw lift and mask ventilation, paradoxical response, or choking (P > 0.05). No patients were mechanically ventilated with endotracheal intubation or found to have complications from HFNC. CONCLUSION: HFNC prevented hypoxia during gastroscopy with propofol in elderly patients, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of hypoxia when FiO2 was 50% or 100%. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This single-blind, prospective, randomized controlled trial was approved by the Ethics Committee of Nanjing First Hospital (KY20201102-04) and registered in the China Clinical Trial Center (20/10/2021, ChiCTR2100052144) before patients enrollment. All patients signed an informed consent form.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Propofol , Insuficiência Respiratória , Humanos , Idoso , Cânula/efeitos adversos , Propofol/efeitos adversos , Gastroscopia/efeitos adversos , Método Simples-Cego , Estudos Prospectivos , Oxigenoterapia , Oxigênio , Hipóxia/etiologia , Hipóxia/prevenção & controle , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/complicações , Insuficiência Respiratória/induzido quimicamente
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