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1.
Cancer Radiother ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728117

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the dosimetric differences between intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in the treatment of male and female thymoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-institutional analysis included 20 patients with thymoma treated with RT between January 2017 and December 2020. Twenty patients were retrospectively planned for IMRT (IMRT1 with an average field angle of 216°, 288°, 0°, 72°,and 144°; IMRT2 with fan-shaped field angles of 280°, 320°, 0°, 40°, and 80°) and VMAT (VMAT1 with two arcs ranging form 280° to 80°,clockwise and then counterclockwise; VMAT2 with two 360° arcs). The plans for all investigated RT modalities were optimized for a prescriptional dose of 50Gy and fractional dose of 2.0Gy. Planning target volume (PTV) and organs-at-risk (OARs: heart, breasts, lungs, spinal cord, and esophagus) dosimetric parameters were compared. RESULTS: All plans met the preparation aims for all the included metrics. There was little difference in the median values of PTV parameters (D2%, D98%, Dmean, homogeneity index[HI], and conformity index [CI]). The CI of the VMAT2 plan was the closest to 1 in both therapy groups. The monitor unit (MU) of IMRT2 and the estimated total delivery time of VMAT1 were the lowest in both therapy groups and were statistically significant. In the male group, the lung parameters (Dmean, V5Gy, V10Gy, and V20Gy) for VMAT1 were the lowest and showed statistical significance. In the female group, the lung parameters (Dmean, V5Gy, V10Gy, and V20Gy) and bilateral breast parameters (Dmean, V5Gy, V10Gy, and V20Gy) of IMRT2 were the lowest and showed statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: In male thymoma patients undergoing postoperative RT (PORT) treatment, the choice of fan-shaped VMAT may be a better option for protecting the lungs. For female thymoma patients receiving PORT, fan-shaped IMRT can better protect the lungs and breasts. The fan-shaped field performed better than the average and the full arc fields in PORT for thymoma.

2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 821-828, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619907

RESUMO

Objective: To identify whether splenectomy for treatment of hypersplenism has any impact on development of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) among patients with liver cirrhosis and hepatitis. Methods: Patients who underwent splenectomy for hypersplenism secondary to liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension between January 2008 and December 2012 were included from seven hospitals in China, whereas patients receiving medication treatments for liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (non-splenectomy) at the same time period among the seven hospitals were included as control groups. In the splenectomy group, all the patients received open or laparoscopic splenectomy with or without pericardial devascularization. In contrast, patients in the control group were treated conservatively for liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension with medicines (non-splenectomy) with no invasive treatments, such as transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, splenectomy or liver transplantation before HCC development. All the patients were routinely screened for HCC development with abdominal ultrasound, liver function and alpha-fetoprotein every 3 to 6 months. To minimize the selection bias, propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match the baseline data of patients among splenectomy versus non-splenectomy groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival and cumulative incidence of HCC development, and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival or disease rates between the two groups. Univariate and Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to analyze the potential risk factors associated with development of HCC. Results: A total of 871 patients with liver cirrhosis and hypertension were included synchronously from 7 tertiary hospitals. Among them, 407 patients had a history of splenectomy for hypersplenism (splenectomy group), whereas 464 patients who received medical treatment but not splenectomy (non-splenectomy group). After PSM,233 pairs of patients were matched in adjusted cohorts. The cumulative incidence of HCC diagnosis at 1,3,5 and 7 years were 1%,6%,7% and 15% in the splenectomy group, which was significantly lower than 1%,6%,15% and 23% in the non-splenectomy group (HR=0.53,95%CI:0.31 to 0.91,P=0.028). On multivariable analysis, splenectomy was independently associated with decreased risk of HCC development (HR=0.55,95%CI:0.32 to 0.95,P=0.031). The cumulative survival rates of all the patients at 1,3,5,and 7 years were 100%,97%,91%,86% in the splenectomy group,which was similar with that of 100%,97%,92%,84% in the non-splenectomy group (P=0.899). In total,49 patients (12.0%) among splenectomy group and 75 patients (16.2%) in non-splenectomy group developed HCC during the study period, respectively. Compared to patients in non-splenectomy group, patients who developed HCC after splenectomy were unlikely to receive curative resection for HCC (12.2% vs. 33.3%,χ²=7.029, P=0.008). Conclusion: Splenectomy for treatment of hypersplenism may decrease the risk of HCC development among patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hipertensão Portal , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Esplenectomia
3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(1): 80-85, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645240

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of different surface treatments protocol on the bonding strength between lithium disilicate glass ceramic and resin cements. Methods: Ceramic specimens of 15 mm×13 mm×3 mm were used to evaluate the effects of different surface treatments of hydrofluoric acid etching and silane coupling in current research. Firstly, the standard lithium ceramic specimens were divided into 8 groups (n=16), and were etched by 4.5% hydrofluoric acid for 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, 120 and180 s. Then specimens in each group was further divided into two sub-groups. In one sub-group specimens were coated with coupling agents and in the other were not. Shear bonding strength (SBS) and failure mode were tested and analyzed. The surface morphologies of hydrofluoric acid-etched ceramic specimens were observed by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Secondly, after being etched by 4.5% hydrofluoric acid for 30 s, the lithium ceramic specimens were coated with coupling agents at different temperatures: room temperature (12 ℃) for 60 s, 60 ℃ hot air for 60 s and 100 ℃ hot air for 60 s (n=8). SBS and fracture mode were tested and analyzed. The infrared spectrum analysis was used to characterize the coupled surfaces of the ceramic samples. Results: The maximum SBS values were obtained after the specimens were etched for 30 s. The silane coupled group showed a higher SBS value [(25.91±4.30) MPa, P<0.05] than the no-silane-coupled group [(20.27±4.92) MPa]. SBS decreased with extended etching time (>30 s) and the SEM photos showed over-etching morphologies. The 60 ℃ hot air treatment resulted in the maximum SBS value [(28.70±5.32) MPa] than that of the room temperature [(20.08±3.64) MPa] or 100 ℃ hot air [(25.64±4.86) MPa, P<0.05]. And the cohesive failure mode was found in 60 ℃ hot air treatment group. The infrared spectroscopy analysis showed the highest amount of silicon oxide bond in the 60 ℃ hot air treatment group. Conclusions: In this study, for this product, the optimum etching time of 4.5% hydrofluoric acid was 30 s. Furthermore, an ideal SBS value could be obtained when the silane coupling agents were applied additionally. SBS could be increased substantially when the 30 s-etched-ceramic product was coated with silane coupling agents at 60 ℃ hot air for 60 s.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Ácido Fluorídrico , Teste de Materiais , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(37): 3012-3017, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638193

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of gut microbiota and the serum level of folicacid on psychiatric symptoms in first-episode, drug-free schizophrenic (SCZ) patients. Methods: A total of 100 first-episode, drug-free SCZ patients (SCZ group) from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and 90 demographically matched healthy individuals (healthy control group) were enrolled. The serum level of folic acid was measured by the electrochemical luminescence method.Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to assess the psychiatric symptoms and Matrics Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) was used to evaluate cognitive function. Bacterial DNA was extracted from the fecal samples for high-through put sequencing of the 16S rRNA.The effects of gut microbiota and folic acid on the psychiatric symptoms and cognitive function in SCZ patients were explored. Results: A total of 41 males and 59 females, with an age of (22.6±8.2) years were included in the patient group, and 32 males and 58 females with an age of (23.0±3.0) years were included in the healthy control group. The fasting folic acid level inserum of the SCZ group was lower than that of healthy control group [6.92(4.98, 8.49) µg/L vs 8.93(7.13, 13.37) µg/L,P<0.001]. The relative abundance of genus Bifidobacterium[0.005(0.003, 0.013) vs 0.014(0.004, 0.031)] and genus Bacteroides[0.015(0.001, 0.091) vs 0.083(0.029, 0.193)]was lower in the SCZ group than that of the healthy control group (both P<0.001). In comparison with the healthy control group, scores of cognitive function in the seven domains were significantly lower in the SCZ group (all P<0.05). In the patient group, the serum level of folic acid was negatively related to the negative symptom score(r=-0.378, P<0.001), but had a positive correlation with the score of speed of processing (r=0.310, P=0.011).In the SCZ group, the relative abundance of the genus Bifidobacterium was positively correlated with the serum level of folic acid (r=0.374,P<0.001) and the score of speed of processing(r=0.330,P=0.003) respectively, but was negatively correlated with the general psychopathology score (r=-0.326, P=0.001). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the interaction term between folic acid and genus Bifidobacteriumin in SCZ patients were correlated with the general psychopathology score, with a regression coefficient of -29.240 (F=8.655, P=0.007). There was no statistical correlation between the aforementioned interaction term and cognitive function (both P>0.05). Conclusion: In first-episode, drug-free SCZ patients, there were decreases in the serum folic acid level and the relative abundance of genus Bifidobacterium, which were related to the psychiatric symptoms, suggesting that these two substances can be used as potential objective indicators for evaluating psychiatric symptoms.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Esquizofrenia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cognição , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Adulto Jovem
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(19): 6077-6092, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obstructive jaundice (OJ) is a common clinical pathological syndrome in hepatobiliary surgery. High incidence of multiple organ injuries during perioperative period and its associated mortality remains challenging in clinical practice. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFA) is an important enteral immune nutrition. This study investigated the protective role of ω-3 PUFA in the regulation of inflammatory response in OJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into obstructive jaundice (OJ) group, obstructive jaundice + ω-3 PUFA group (OJPUFA) group, and sham group. OJ model was created by ligation of the bile duct. Abdominal thoracic catheter was placed to collect lymph. Body weight, liver function, serum and lymphatic levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-10, HMGB1, and nitric oxide (NO) were measured on day 3, day 7, and day 14 after operation. Hematoxylin staining and Alcian blue-periodic acid-Shiff (AB-PAS) staining were performed on the ileum tissue. Protein and mRNA expression of HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 were measured at the aforementioned time points. RESULTS: The general condition, including body weight and liver function, were worse in the OJ and the OJPUFA group compared to that in the sham group. On day 14, the body weight recovery and liver function were significantly better in the OJPUFA group than those in the OJ group were (p<0.05 for all). No marked change in the serum and lymphatic levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-10, HMGB1 and NO was observed in the sham group after operation, while corresponding levels in the OJ and the OJPUFA groups were significantly higher. Compared with the OJPUFA group, serum and lymphatic levels of the above factors were consistently higher in the OJ group and were significantly higher on day 14 (p<0.05 for all). At the same time, ω-3 PUFA lowered the damage of intestinal villi and intestinal mucosal epithelium. It also improved the number and function of goblet cells in intestinal mucosal epithelium. The protein and mRNA expression of HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 were significantly higher in the OJ group than those in the OJPUFA group (p<0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: ω-3 PUFA has protective effect in the management of obstructive jaundice. It can regulate the inflammatory response and reduce its damage to intestinal structure. Reducing the activation of HMGB1/TLR4/ NF-κB pathway might be a mechanism for its protective effect. We suggested that ω-3 PUFA and drugs targeted HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB pathway might be potential treatment strategies in obstructive jaundice.

6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 843-849, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSA) and quadriceps muscle volume (QMV) at different horizontal levels from the upper edge of the patella, and to determine the best observation position. METHODS: Thigh magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of 22 Chinese young men [age: (29±6) years] with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture were examined. The CSA was measured at 18, 15, and 12 cm above the upper edge of the pate-lla (denoted by CSA-18, CSA-15 and CSA-12 respectively), and the QMV and CSA were determined by semiautomatic segmentation. A curve model was established to estimate QMV. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to determine the confidence limits of the volumes. RESULTS: On the unaffected side, the mean QMV was (1 944.45±323.77) cm3. The quadriceps CSA at the upper edge of the patella at 18, 15, and 12 cm was (80.80±12.16) cm2, (77.53±12.03) cm2, and (72.68±10.51) cm2, respectively. The coefficients of determination (R2), ascertained using curve estimation models, for the 3 positions were 0.819, 0.755, and 0.684 (P < 0.001), and the standard deviations of the volume estimated value (SEE) were 7.4%, 8.7%, and 9.8%. The fitting equations of the three horizontal positions were all good, but the fitting degree of CSA-18 was the highest. The Bland-Altman scatter plot showed that the arithmetic means of the QMV at 18, 15 and 12 cm from the upper edge of the patella 0.8 cm3, -1.1 cm3, and 0.9 cm3 and 95% limits of agreement (LoA) were (-268.8, 270.5), (-315.2, 313.1), and (-355.7, 357.5), respectively. The estimated QMV was in good agreement with the measured value. The difference between the estimated CSA-18 and measured values was the smallest. The results on the affected side were consistent. CONCLUSION: The correlation between QMV and CSA in the young men with the upper edge of patella as baseline was reliable and consistent. Among them, CSA-18 had the highest correlation with the QMV. However, different observation sites could be selected for different injuries of the quadriceps.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adulto , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Patela , Músculo Quadríceps/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(10): 871-875, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587685

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) complicated with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) in children. Methods: The clinical manifestation, laboratory test, radiological feature, treatment and prognosis of 4 pediatric patients diagnosis of CPAM with CPA ascertained between March 2016 and April 2020 at the Department of No.2 Respiratory Medicine and Thoracic Surgery of Beijing Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The 4 children included 2 males and 2 females, their age ranged from 9.9 to 13.6 years. Cough presented in 3 cases, hemoptysis in 2 cases, whereas in 1 case, pneumothorax was the first manifestation of the condition. Past history revealed multiple hospital admissions for pneumonia in 2 children and 1 with more than 2 episodes of wheezing. Aspergillus IgG was positive in 3 patients. Significantly elevated total IgE and fumigatus-specific IgE levels were noted in 2 children. CT demonstrated multiple cystic lesions, and fungal balls were seen in 2 children. They all underwent lobectomy and the lung tissue from the 4 children all demonstrated CPAM with Aspergillus infection. Aspergillus fumigatus was isolated from the abscess collected during operation in 1 patient. Postoperative, voriconazole was given in 3 children for 8 weeks, recurrence was observed in 2 children with characteristics of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Voriconazole was given in one patient for 12 weeks with no recurrence. Conclusions: CPAM might be complicated with CPA,if there are hemoptysis, and fungal ball in chest CT, cautious preoperative examinations for microorganism are necessary. The necessity and duration of postoperative antifungal therapy need to be determined on individual basis.


Assuntos
Aspergilose Broncopulmonar Alérgica , Aspergilose Pulmonar , Adolescente , Aspergilose Broncopulmonar Alérgica/complicações , Aspergilose Broncopulmonar Alérgica/diagnóstico , Aspergillus fumigatus , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aspergilose Pulmonar/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Voriconazol
8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 654-659, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547871

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze hemogram and bone marrow characteristics of pediatric patients infected with parvovirus B19 (HPV-B19) after hematopoietic reconstitution following allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: The clinical course of nine patients with HPV-B19 infection, including hemogram and bone marrow smear analysis during infection, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Despite the hematological heterogeneity, all patients exhibited reduced hemoglobin levels accompanied by reticulocytes. The proportion and absolute count of reticulocytes decreased by 90.4% (24.7% -98.7% ) and 90.7% (18.6% -99.0% ) , respectively, in one week. Additionally, five patients manifested a decline in neutrophil granulocyte count in peripheral blood whereas granulocytic hypoplasia was not observed in bone marrow. Furthermore, six patients exhibited megakaryocytic hypoplasia in bone marrow, including five patients with decreased platelet counts in peripheral blood. Importantly, only some patients exhibited erythroid hypoplasia although all patients exhibited a decline in hemoglobin in peripheral blood. Erythroid hypoplasia in bone marrow was present in five patients. Conclusion: There was heterogeneity in hemogram and bone marrow smear characteristics among pediatric patients infected with HPV-B19 following allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Anemia accompanied by decreased reticulocyte count should prompt screening for HPV-B19 in these patients.


Assuntos
Eritema Infeccioso , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirus B19 Humano , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 339-345, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a multiplex nucleic acid assay for rapid detection of Echinococcus multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA) and to preliminarily assess its diagnostic efficiency. METHODS: The mitochondrial genomic sequences of E. multilocularis (GenBank accession number: NC_000928), E. granulosus (GenBank accession number: NC_044548) and E. shiquicus (GenBank accession number: NC_009460) were used as target sequences, and three pairs of primers were designed based on the RAA primer design principle and synthesized for the subsequent multiple RAA amplification. The genomic DNA of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus at different concentrations and the recombinant plasmids containing the target gene at various concentrations were amplified to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of the multiplex RAA assay, and the genomic DNA of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus, E. shiquicus, Taenia multiceps, T. saginata, T. asiatica, Dipylidium caninum, T. hydatigena, Toxocara canis, Fasciola hepatica, T. pisiformis, Mesocestoides lineatus and Cryptosporidiumn canis was detected using the multiplex RAA assay to evaluate its specificity. In addition, the reaction condition of the multiplex RAA assay was optimized, and was then employed to detect the tissues with echinococcosis lesions, simulated canine fecal samples and field captured fox fecal samples to examine its application values. RESULTS: The multiplex RAA assay was effective to specifically amplify the mitochondrial gene fragments of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus within 40 min at 39 °C, with sequence lengths of 540, 430 bp and 200 bp, respectively. This multiplex RAA assay showed the minimum detection limits of 2.0, 2.5 pg/µL and 3.1 pg/µL for detection of the genomic DNA of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus, and presented the minimum detection limit of 200 copies/µL for detection of the recombinant plasmids containing E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus target genes. This multiplex RAA assay was effective to simultaneously detect single and multiple infections with E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus, but failed to amplify the genomic DNA of T. multiceps, T. saginata, T. asiatica, D. caninum, T. hydatigena, T. canis, F. hepatica, T. pisiformis, M. lineatus and C. canis. In addition, the optimized multiplex RAA assay was effective to detect all positive samples from the tissue samples with echinococcosis lesions, simulated canine fecal samples and field captured fox fecal samples, which was fully consistent with the detection of the single PCR assay. CONCLUSIONS: A sensitive and specific multiplex nucleic acid assay for rapid detection of E. multilocularis, E. granulosus and E. shiquicus has been successfully established.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus multilocularis , Animais , Cães/parasitologia , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Equinococose/veterinária , Echinococcus multilocularis/isolamento & purificação , Raposas/parasitologia , Ácidos Nucleicos , Recombinases , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
11.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(3): 305-307, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379898

RESUMO

Abstract: Estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) has always been one of the difficult problems for forensic scientists. It is especially hard to estimate the PMI of highly decomposed corpses in the wild or in secluded houses with conventional methods. Therefore, application of insect evidence at the scene is usually required for estimation. Sarcosaprophagous flies of different species have totally different developmental rates. In actual cases, direct measurement of the body length of the larvae, calculation of accumulated temperature and succession stages without species identification, or calculation based on incorrect species identification would often lead to a large deviation between the calculated results and the real PMI. This mistake would also mislead the case investigation. Therefore, accurate species identification should be implemented before any PMI estimation of decomposed corpses with forensic entomological methods. This article reviews the general and ultramicroscopic species identification and molecular biological species identification methods of different stages of sarcosaprophagous flies, in order to provide new ideas and methods for related research and practice, and provide reference for the application and promotion of forensic entomology in the front line of public security.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Animais , Autopsia , Cadáver , Entomologia , Larva , Mudanças Depois da Morte
12.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(7): 073503, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340446

RESUMO

The vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectroscopy system on the Joint Texas Experimental Tokamak has been upgraded to achieve fast acquisition for the study of impurity transport in transient modulated experiments. In this upgrade, the previous high-energy charge-coupled device detector was replaced by a microchannel plate with a CsI-coated photocathode and P43 phosphor to transform the VUV light to visible light, which is then acquired by a high-speed electron-multiplying charge-coupled device. Two-stage focusing was achieved using a reference slit plate illuminated successively by a green light source and the Lyman series hydrogen spectral lines from the vacuum-conditioning plasma. The spatial resolution was evaluated as ∼4 mm based on the level of image blurring from the alignment plate. A response time of ∼2 ms was obtained with the ten-vertical-track setup.

13.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 589-594, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344119

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and evaluate the prognoses of Pythium keratitis. Methods: It was a retrospective study. The clinical characteristics, confocal microscopic image characteristics, treatment and curative effect of 6 cases of Pythium keratitis identified by DNA sequencing from June 2017 to June 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Among the 6 patients, there were 4 males and 2 females. All cases were monocular. The age was (58.7±11.3) years (range, 52 to 72 years). Keratopathy under a slit lamp was characterized by a dry ulcer surface, burr signs, satellite foci and pseudopodia around the ulcer. An elevated lesion was observed in 2 patients, and no obvious immune ring structure was observed in all patients. Confocal microscopy did not reveal any specific characteristics of Pythium infection. All patients did not respond well to antifungal drugs and received keratoplasty. Three patients had postoperative recurrence. The recurrence time was 4-6 days after the first operation and 2-3 days after the second operation. Two patients underwent two and three corneal transplants, respectively, after recurrence, but evisceration was required finally. Conclusions: Pythium keratitis is rare and can hardly be distinguished from common fungal infections in clinical manifestations and auxiliary examinations. The disease progresses rapidly, the rates of recurrence and evisceration after keratoplasty are both high, and DNA sequencing is the key to identifying the etiology, which should be paid more attention. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 589-594).


Assuntos
Úlcera da Córnea , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas , Ceratite , Pythium , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratite/diagnóstico , Ceratite/terapia , Ceratoplastia Penetrante , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 660-666, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192858

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation between neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) and neutrophil-monocyte ratio (NMR) for postoperative pneumonia or long-term overall survival in patients with esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Methods: The clinical data of 137 patients, including 111 males and 26 females, with the age of (M(QR))61(10) years (range: 45 to 75 years), undergoing radical resection of esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy admitted at Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital from January 2016 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The blood routine one or two days before surgery and the occurrence of pneumonia after surgery were collected via hospital information system. The absolute count of neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes was recorded, to calculate NLR, LMR and NMR. The survival of patients was recorded systematically via follow-up. In the first part, the influencing factors of postoperative inflammation were analyzed, to group the patients into two groups according to the occurrence of postoperative pneumonia. χ2 test, t-test or rank-sum test were conducted for inter-group comparison. In the second part, cutoff values of inflammatory biomarkers were obtained with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and grouped, with postoperative pneumonia as endpoint criteria. Independent factors correlated with postoperative pneumonia were determined through univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. In the third part, the analysis on prognosis factors was carried on, with the survival as endpoint criteria. Cutoff values of inflammatory biomarkers were obtained with X-Tile software and grouped. The survival analysis was carried on with univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model, and the Kaplan-Meier curve was drawn finally. The results of survival analysis were verified by Log-rank test. Results: Median follow-up time was 614 (299) days (range: 382 to 1 612 days). Cutoff values of NLR, LMR, and NMR obtained via the ROC curve were 3.0, 3.9, and 6.2, respectively. According to the multivariate Logistic regression analysis, NLR>3.0 (OR=2.740, 95% CI: 1.221 to 6.152, P=0.015) and LMR>3.9 (OR=0.140, 95% CI: 0.022 to 0.890, P=0.037) were independent prognosis factors for postoperative pneumonia in patients with esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Cutoff values of NLR, LMR, and NMR obtained with X-Tile software were 3.3, 4.2, and 7.2, respectively. Through multivariate Cox proportional risk regression analysis, late tumor ypTNM staging (8th AJCC) (HR=2.087, 95% CI:1.079 to 4.038, P=0.029), poor pathologic response (HR=2.251, 95% CI: 1.117 to 4.538, P=0.023), and LMR>4.2 (HR=0.347, 95% CI: 0.127 to 0.946, P=0.039) could be independent prognosis factors for overall survival. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that the overall survival of patients with LMR ≤4.2 was worse (P=0.002), with the 1-year overall survival rate of 82.9%, and the 1-year overall survival rate of patients with LMR>4.2 was 94.6%. Conclusion: Preoperative LMR ≤3.9 and NLR>3.0 can be considered as independent prognosis factors for postoperative pneumonia, while LMR≤4.2 as one of independent prognosis factors for overall survival.

15.
Pol J Vet Sci ; 24(2): 167-173, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250775

RESUMO

Koumiss has beneficial therapeutic effects on bacterial diseases. Four antibacterial com- pounds from yeasts (Kluyveromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in koumiss were evaluated for their antibacterial effects against three Gram-negative bacteria, three Gram-positive bacteria and five pathogenic Escherichia coli strains. The antibacterial compounds from yeasts in koumiss were extracted, and their main components were determined. The inhibition zones were analyzed, and their minimum inhibition concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) were determined. Aqueous phases of Kluyveromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae at pH 2.0 and 8.0 produced larger inhibition zones than those in other phases, and then antibacterial compounds from K. marxianus (K2, pH=2.0; K8, pH=8.0) and S. cerevisiae (S2, pH=2.0; S8, pH=8.0) were obtained. Their main components were organic acids and killer toxins. K2 had more propanoic acid and S2 had more oxalic acid than others. The inhibition zones of K2, K8, S2 and S8 against three Gram-negative bacteria and three Gram-positive bacteria were 12.03-23.30 mm, their MICs were 0.01-0.13 g/mL, and MBCs were 0.03-0.50 g/mL. Meantime, the inhibition zones of K2, K8, S2 and S8 against five pathogenic E. coli were 16.10-25.26 mm, their MICs were 0.03-0.13 g/mL, and MBCs were 0.13-1.00 g/mL. These four antibacterial compounds from yeasts in koumiss had broad antibacterial spectrum. In addition, K2 and S2 were better than K8 and S8.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Kumis/microbiologia , Leveduras/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Leveduras/química
16.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 23(12): 2526-2535, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086253

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between miR-141-3p and B lymphocyte-2 gene (Bcl2) gene and its biological behavior on colon cancer cell line SW480. METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression level of miR-141-3p in colon cancer tissues and adjacent tissues, as well as in colon cancer cell line and normal human colonic epithelial cell line FHC. MTT assay, wound assay, and Transwell demonstrated the effects of miR-141-3p on colon cancer proliferation, migration and invasion. Targetscan7.1 predictive software and dual luciferase reporter assays were used to detect the targeted regulation of miR-141-3p on the apoptosis-related gene Bcl2. MTT assay, wound assay, Transwell and flow cytometry were used to detect the effect of Bcl2 on miR-141-3p on colon cancer proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis. RESULTS: Compared with adjacent tissues, the expression of miR-141-3p in colon cancer tissues was significantly down-regulated. Colon cancer patients with low expression of miR-141-3p had poorer prognosis. Compared with normal colonic epithelial cells, miR-141-3p expression was significantly down-regulated in colon cancer cell lines, and overexpression of miR-141-3p significantly attenuated the proliferation, migration and invasion of colon cancer cells. Knockdown of miR-141-3p significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of colon cancer cells. miR-141-3p targets the negative regulation of Bcl2. Knockdown of Bcl2 significantly attenuated the promotion of miR-141-3p inhibitor on proliferation, migration and invasion of colon cancer cells and inhibition of apoptosis. Knockdown of Bcl2 significantly enhanced the inhibition effect of miR-141-3p inhibitor on proliferation, migration and invasion of colon cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, miR-141-3p can inhibit the cancer by regulating Bcl2, and miR-141-3p has the potential to become a potential therapeutic target for colon cancer.

17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(8): 3146, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928593

RESUMO

The article "HOXB7 promotes proliferation and metastasis of glioma by regulating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, by X.-Y. Huo, X.-Y. Zhang, F. Yuan, X.-Y. Zhao, B.-A. You, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (6): 2476-2485-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17395-PMID: 30964174" has been withdrawn from the authors who found some errors in the research data. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/17395.

19.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(3): 257-262, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706460

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the long-term outcome of unoperated Ebstein's anomaly (EA) patients aged over 18 years, and to evaluate the related factor of outcomes. Methods: The data of 48 unoperated EA patients from March 2004 to December 2008 in the First Hospital of Tsinghua University, were analyzed. The clinical data of the patients were collected, and patients received regular echocardiography, ECG and chest X-ray examinations. Septal leaflet attachment ratio (SLAr) was calculated based on transthoracic echocardiography imagines. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to SLAr: SLAr<0.45 (n=18), 0.45≤SLAr≤0.60 (n=21) and SLAr>0.60 (n=9). Chest X-ray was used for measurement of cardiothoracic ratio (CTR). Kaplan Meier survival curve was used to calculate the long-term survival rate. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of death. Results: There were 19 males, and the mean age at diagnosis was (21.3±11.1) years. Forty-two patients (87.5%) were complicated with arrhythmia, including W-P-W syndrome (n=4), supraventricular tachycardia (n=16), right bundle branch block (n=37), and atrial fibrillation (n=2). The mean duration of follow-up was (148.8±16.8) months, the follow-up rate was 100% with no loss-to-follow up. Nine cases (18.8%) died during follow-up: 6 cases (12.5%) died of cardiac origin, including 3 cases of heart failure, 1 case of arrhythmia, and 2 cases of sudden death; 1 case died of accident; 2 cases died from unknown causes. During the follow-up period, the survival rates were 17/18, 19/21 (90.5%) and 3/9 in the SLAr<0.45, 0.45≤SLAr≤0.60 and SLAr>0.60 group, respectively. According to Kaplan-Meier survival curve, the 5-year survival rates among the three groups were 100%, 100% and 78%, respectively. The 10-year survival rates among the three groups were 94%, 95% and 44%, respectively. Decreased activity tolerance and heart failure were found in 7 patients (6 patients in SLAr>0.60 group and 1 patient in 0.45≤SLAr≤0.60 group). Two patients had cerebrovascular embolism. There were 3 cases with tachyarrhythmia lasting more than 24 hours. Cox regression analysis showed that the risk of death was higher in patients with SLAr>0.60 than in patients with SLAr<0.45 (HR=12.375, 95%CI 1.692-22.146, P=0.015); the risk of death in patients with CTR≥0.65 was 1.306 times higher than that in patients with CTR<0.65 (HR=1.306, 95%CI 0.417-12.754, P=0.038). Conclusions: EA patients often combines with arrhythmia. For unoperated EA patients, SLAr>0.60 and CTR≥0.65 are risk factors of death. EA patients with arrhythmia should be actively treated with drugs or radiofrequency ablation.

20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(1): 38-43, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396985

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the clinicopathological features of pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma (PAIS), and to understand its molecular alterations. Methods: Sixty cases of pulmonary artery endarterectomy performed at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China from January 2017 to January 2020 were reviewed. Clinical data of 5 patients with pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed to evaluate the pathological features. RNA sequencing was conducted to assess the fusion gene changes in PAIS. Results: The detection rate of PAIS was 8.3% (5/60), with the median age of 49 years and a female predominance. Their clinical manifestations were non-specific. Histopathological examination showed that the tumors were composed of malignant spindle or epithelioid cells, with various degrees of atypia. Focal heterologous osteosarcomatous or leiomyosarcomatous differentiation was noted. The tumor cells could express PDGFRA, CDK4 and MDM2 with co-amplification of MDM2, CDK4 and EGFR genes. RNA sequencing detected multiple in-frame fusions in the tumors. Conclusions: PAIS is a rare, highly heterogeneous, and poorly-or un-differentiated sarcoma accompanied by complex changes of multiple genes.It has no known effective treatments, and thus has a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Sarcoma , Neoplasias Vasculares , Biomarcadores Tumorais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Sarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Vasculares/genética , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia
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