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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 574-582, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644970

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its associated factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 385 RA patients [including 72 (18.7%) male and 313 (81.3%) female] who received abdominal sonographic examination from August 2015 to May 2021 at Department of Rheumatology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. There were 28 RA patients at 16-29 years old and 32, 80, 121, 99, 25 at 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, ≥ 70 years old, respectively. Demographic and clinical data were collected including age, gender, history of alcohol consumption, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, RA disease activity indicators and previous medications. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify the associated factors of NAFLD in RA patients. Results: The prevalence of NAFLD was 24.2% (93/385) in RA patients, 26.3% (21/80) in 40-49 age group and 33.1% (40/121) in 50-59 age group. There were 22.1% (85/385) and 3.6% (14/385) RA patients with overweight and obese, in which the prevalence of NAFLD was 45.9% (39/85) and 78.6% (11/14) respectively, which was 2.6 folds and 4.5 folds that of RA patients with normal BMI. Although there was no significant difference of age, gender and RA disease activity indicators between RA patients with or without NAFLD, those with NAFLD had higher proportions of metabolic diseases including obese (11.8% vs. 1.0%), central obesity (47.3% vs. 16.8%), hypertension (45.2% vs. 29.8%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (24.7% vs. 12.0%), consistent with higher levels of total cholesterol [(5.33±1.31) mmol/L vs. (4.73±1.12) mmol/L], triglyceride [(1.51±1.08) mmol/L vs. (0.98±0.54) mmol/L] and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [(3.37±0.97) mmol/L vs. (2.97±0.78) mmol/L, all P<0.05]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (OR=1.314) and triglyceride (OR=1.809) were the independent factors positively associated with NAFLD in RA patients. Conclusion: NAFLD is a common comorbidity in RA patients, especially in those with middle-aged, overweight or obese, which is associated with high BMI or high triglyceride. Screening and management of NAFLD in RA patients especially those with overweight, obese or dyslipidemia should be emphasized.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Triglicerídeos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(6): 530-535, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673725

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypic and molecular genetic characteristics and differential diagnosis of fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI). Methods: Thirty-three cases of surgically removed FHI were collected from the Department of Pathology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital from October 2011 to December 2020, the clinical and pathologic data with follow-up were collected and analyzed. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) were used to study the molecular genetics. Results: The FHI cases occurred in 21 males and 12 females (mean age 16.7 months, range 6 months to 6 years). The sites included trunk (n=21), limb (n=11), and neck (n=1). All patients had painless solitary superficial soft tissue masses, the size was 1.5-9.0 cm (mean 3.8 cm). Microscopically, they were composed of mature adipose tissue, fibroblast/myofibroblast bundle and primitive mesenchymal cells in different proportions; giant cell fibroblastoma-like areas were seen in 14 cases. Immunohistochemistry showed variable expression of EGFR in the spindle cells and primitive mesenchymal components. In most cases, the spindle cells were positive for CD34 and SMA; giant cell fibroblastoma-like areas were strongly positive for CD34; and S-100 protein was expressed by adipocytes in all cases. Ki-67 labeling index ranged 1%-5%. There were recurrent somatic EGFR exon 20 insertion/duplication mutations in six cases tested by NGS, and there were three different mutation types: p.Asn771_His773dupAsnProHis, p.Pro772_His773insProProHis, and p.His773_Val774insThrHis. All the above 6 and another 15 tested cases showed EGFR exon 20 insertion/duplication mutations by q-PCR. Conclusions: FHI is a rare benign fibroblast/myofibroblast tumor. The characteristic histologic feature is organoid triphasic morphology, and the molecular feature is somatic mutation of EGFR exon 20 (insertion/duplication).


Assuntos
Dermatofibrossarcoma , Hamartoma , Neoplasias de Tecido Fibroso , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dermatofibrossarcoma/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Receptores ErbB , Feminino , Hamartoma/genética , Hamartoma/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Biologia Molecular , Neoplasias de Tecido Fibroso/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(5): 633-640, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673905

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 3B1 (ALDH3B1) in gastric cancer and explore its correlation with the pathological parameters and long-term prognosis of the patients. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical data of 101 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in our hospital between January, 2013 and November, 2016, and examined the expression of ALDH3B1 in paraffin-embedded samples of gastric cancer tissues and adjacent tissues from these cases by immunohistochemical staining. We evaluated the correlation between ALDH3B1 expressions and histopathological parameters and assessed the predictive value of ALDH3B1 expression for long-term survival of the patients. We also examined the effect of lentivirus-mediated interference and overexpression of ALDH3B1 on the malignant behaviors of MGC-803 gastric cancer cells. RESULTS: The expressions of ALDH3B1 and Ki67 were significantly higher in gastric cancer tissues than in adjacent tissues (P < 0.05). In gastric cancer patients, ALDH3B1 expression was positively correlated with peripheral blood CEA and CA19-9 levels (P < 0.01). The proportion of patients with CEA ≥5 µg/L, CA19-9 ≥37 kU/L, T stage of 3- 4, and N stage of 2-3 was significantly greater in high ALDH3B1 expression group than in low expression group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 5-year survival rate was significantly lower in gastric cancer patients with high ALDH3B1 expressions (P < 0.01). Univariate and Cox multiple regression analyses identified a high expression of ALDH3B1 (P < 0.05, HR= 0.231, 95% CI: 0.064-0.826), CEA≥5 µg/L (P < 0.01, HR=4.478, 95% CI: 1.530-13.110), CA19-9≥37 kU/L (P < 0.01, HR=3.877, 95% CI: 1.625-9.247), T stage of 3-4 (P < 0.01, HR=4.953, 95% CI: 1.768-13.880), and N stage of 2-3 (P < 0.05, HR=2.152, 95% CI: 1.152-4.022) as independent risk factors affecting 5-year survival after radical gastrectomy. The relative ALDH3B1 expression level, at the cut-off point of 4.66, showed a sensitivity of 76.47% and a specificity of 76% for predicting 5-year postoperative death (P < 0.01). In the cell experiment, overexpression of ALDH3B1 obviously promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of MGC-803 cells. CONCLUSION: As an independent risk factor affecting 5-year survival after radical gastrectomy, ALDH3B1 is highly expressed in gastric cancer and correlated with pathological parameters of the tumor, and a high ALDH3B1 expression may promote proliferation, invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Aldeído Oxirredutases , Antígeno CA-19-9 , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 43(5): 400-407, 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680598

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the differences in the biological effects of different expansion systems on natural killer (NK) cells, as well as the safety and preliminary clinical efficacy in the treatment of patients with recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Peripheral blood cells from healthy donors were stimulated with either CD3 combined with CD52 or K562 feeder cells loaded with IL-21/4-1BB to induce NK cell expansion. Changes in the NK cell phenotype, cytokine secretion, and cytotoxicity before and after expansion were detected. We also evaluated the safety and clinical efficacy of two different expansion strategies for patients received NK infusion. Results: Compared with the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification system, the feeder cell expansion group had a higher purity of NK cells and higher expression ratios of NK cell surface activation receptors such as DNAM-1 and NKp30, while inhibitory receptor CTLA-4 expression was low and NKG2D/CD25/CD69/ Trail/PD-1/TIM-3/TIGIT had no statistically significant differences between the groups. Further functional results showed that the expression level of KI67 in NK cells after expansion in the two groups increased significantly, especially in the feeder cell expansion group. Simultaneously, the perforin and granzyme B levels of NK cells in the feeder cell expansion group were significantly higher than in the CD3/CD52 expansion group. A retrospective analysis of eight patients who received monoclonal antibody-expanded NK cell reinfusion and nine patients with trophoblast cell-expanded NK cell reinfusion was done. The disease characteristics of the two groups were comparable, NK cell reinfusion was safe, and there were no obvious adverse reactions. Clinical prognostic results showed that in the CD3/CD52 monoclonal antibody amplification group, the MRD conversion rate was 50% (2/4) , and the feeder cell expansion group was 50% (3/6) . After 5 years of follow-up from allo-HSCT, three patients in the monoclonal antibody expansion group had long-term survival without leukemia, and the remaining five patients had died; two patients died in the feeder cell expansion group, and the other six patients had long-term survival. Six cases had GVHD before NK cell reinfusion, and GVHD did not aggravate or even relieved after NK cell reinfusion. Conclusions: Preliminary results show that the biological characteristics of NK cells with diverse expansion strategies are significantly different, which may affect the clinical prognosis of patients with recurrence or persistent minimal residual disease after HSCT. The two groups of patients treated with NK cells from different expansion strategies had no obvious adverse reactions after NK cell infusion, but efficacy still needs to be further confirmed.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(20): 1518-1522, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692067

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of low-dose indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis. Methods: Clinical data of 198 patients with acute cholecystitis and had received LC in Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital from January 2020 to September 2021 were collected. In the fluorescence group (n=97), peripheral intravenous injection of ICG was performed 15 minutes before LC, while conventional white light was applied in the control group (n=101). The efficiency of bile duct discrimination, operation time, intraoperative bleeding and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Results: Of the 198 patients, 86 were males and 112 females. The differences were not statisticly significant in age [52 (44, 63) vs 56 (46, 68) years, P>0.05], history of chronic inflammation [34(35.1%) vs 31(30.7%) cases, P>0.05] and other clinical baseline data between the two groups. Compared with the control group, the fluorescence group had higher efficiency of bile duct identification [18 (16,19) vs 38 (28,55) min,P<0.001], shorter operation time [45 (40,60) vs 80 (65,100) min,P<0.001], less intraoperative bleeding [10 (5,15) vs 60 (20,100) ml,P<0.001], and less postoperative liver function damage [alanine aminotransferase 35.0 (23.4,51.0) vs 98.3 (67.0,134.8)U/L,P<0.001]. In the control group, there was one case of biliary duct injury during operation, one case of postoperative biliary fistula, and one case of postoperative hemorrhage. No similar adverse event was found in fluorescence group. Conclusions: ICG fluorescence imaging can improve the efficiency of LC for patients with acute cholecystitis. It is easy to operate and has a good clinical application value.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Colecistite Aguda , Hepatopatias , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Colecistite Aguda/cirurgia , Corantes , Feminino , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Masculino
6.
J Dent Res ; : 220345221092752, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656582

RESUMO

The oral gingival barrier is a constantly stimulated and dynamic environment where homeostasis is often disrupted, resulting in inflammatory periodontal diseases. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been reported to be associated with gingival barrier dysfunction, but the effect and underlying mechanism are inconclusive. Herein, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) of gingiva from leptin receptor-deficient mice (db/db) to examine the gingival heterogeneity in the context of T2D. Periodontal health of control mice is characterized by populations of Krt14+-expressing epithelial cells and Col1a1+-fibroblasts mediating immune homeostasis primarily through the enrichment of innate lymphoid cells. The db/db gingiva exhibited decreased epithelial/stromal ratio and dysfunctional barrier. We further observed stromal, particularly fibroblast immune hyperresponsiveness, linked to the recruitment of myeloid-derived cells at the db/db gingiva. Both scRNA-seq and histological analysis suggested the inflammatory signaling between fibroblasts and neutrophils as a potential driver of diabetes-induced periodontal damage. Notably, the "immune-like" stromal cells were wired toward the induction of gingival γδ T hyperresponsiveness in db/db mice. Our work reveals that the "immune-like" fibroblasts with transcriptional diversity are involved in the innate immune homeostasis at the diabetic gingiva. It highlights a potentially significant role of these cell types in its pathogenesis.

7.
Rev Esp Quimioter ; 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcome of patients with infective endocarditis (IE) during and after outpatient parenteral antimicrobial treatment (OPAT), and to further clarify the safety and efficacy of OPAT for IE patients. METHODS: Through December 20, 2021, a total of 331 articles were preliminarily searched in Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Embase, and 9 articles were eventually included in this study. RESULTS: A total of 9 articles comprising 1,116 patients were included in this study. The overall mortality rate of patients treated with OPAT was 0.04 (95% CI, 0.02-0.07), that means 4 deaths per 100 patients treated with OPAT. Separately, mortality was low during the follow-up period after OPAT treatment, with an effect size (ES) of 0.03 (95%CI, 0.02-0.07) and the mortality of patients during OPAT treatment was 0.04 (95% CI, 0.01-0.12). In addition, the readmission rate was found to be 0.14 (95% CI, 0.09-0.22) during the follow-up and 0.18 (95% CI, 0.08-0.39) during treatment, and 0.16 (95% CI, 0.10-0.24) for patients treated with OPAT in general. Regarding the relapse of IE in patients, our results showed a low overall relapse rate, with an ES of 0.03 (95% CI, 0.01-0.05). In addition, we found that the incidence of adverse events was low, with an ES of 0.26 (95% CI, 0.19-0.33). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the incidence of adverse events and mortality, readmission, and relapse rates in IE patients treated with OPAT are low both during treatment and follow-up period after discharge, indicating that OPAT is safe and effective for IE patients. However, our study did not compare routine hospitalization as a control group, so conclusions should be drawn with caution. In order to obtain more scientific and rigorous conclusions and reduce clinical risks, it is still necessary to conduct more research in this field and improve the patient selection criteria for OPAT treatment, especially for IE patients. Finally, clinical monitoring and follow-up of OPAT-treated patients should be strengthened.

8.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(6): 573-577, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35658365

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody for children with refractory or relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods: Clinical data including short-term efficacy, long-term efficacy and adverse reaction of Hodgkin lymphoma children treated with anti-PD-1 antibody in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2017 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Efficacy was evaluated as complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR), stable disease (SD), progressed disease (PD) and no response. Results: A total of 6 cases were included, including 5 males and 1 female. The age at the start of anti-PD-1 antibody treatment was 11.6 (10.2, 13.3) years, including 3 cases of mixed cellularity type, 2 cases of nodular sclerosis type, and 1 case of nodular lymphocyte-predominant type. There were 4 cases of stage Ⅳ and 2 cases of stage Ⅲ. All cases were assigned to the high-risk group, and 5 cases had B symptoms, all cases were refractory or relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma before the start of anti-PD-1 antibody treatment. Early evaluation showed that within 12 weeks of the treatment, 3 cases achieved PR and 3 cases achieved SD, while late evaluation showed that after 16 weeks of the treatment, 5 cases achieved CR and 1 case achieved PR. None of the children progressed during treatment. The follow-up time was 27 (21,41) months. Among all cases, 5 cases had event-free survival and sustained remission, 1 case had fever about 4 weeks after the drug withdrawal, finally he was confirmed to be transformed to B cell lymphoma between diffuse B cells and classic Hodgkin lymphoma. All the patients were well tolerated with anti-PD-1 antibody therapy. No adverse reactions such as high fever, chills, rash, etc. were observed during infusion. None of the patients were delayed, dose reduction or withdrawal due to adverse reactions. Two cases had reactive skin vascular hyperplasia during the treatment, without pain or itching, and they recovered on their own after stopping anti-PD-1 antibody therapy without other special treatment. Conclusion: Anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody for children with refractory or relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma have good efficacy and tolerable side effects.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Nature ; 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35676486

RESUMO

The dispersive sweep of fast radio bursts (FRBs) has been used to probe the ionized baryon content of the intergalactic medium1, which is assumed to dominate the total extragalactic dispersion. Although the host-galaxy contributions to the dispersion measure appear to be small for most FRBs2, in at least one case there is evidence for an extreme magneto-ionic local environment3,4 and a compact persistent radio source5. Here we report the detection and localization of the repeating FRB 20190520B, which is co-located with a compact, persistent radio source and associated with a dwarf host galaxy of high specific-star-formation rate at a redshift of 0.241 ± 0.001. The estimated host-galaxy dispersion measure of approximately [Formula: see text] parsecs per cubic centimetre, which is nearly an order of magnitude higher than the average of FRB host galaxies2,6, far exceeds the dispersion-measure contribution of the intergalactic medium. Caution is thus warranted in inferring redshifts for FRBs without accurate host-galaxy identifications.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725314

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the characteristics of cervical neuroblastoma and the effect of resection extent on survival and outcomes. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 32 children with cervical neuroblastoma treated at Beijing Children's Hospital between April 2013 and August 2020. Data were collected from the medical record. The individualized therapy was designed based on staging and risk group. Based on the extent of resection, patients were divided into incomplete and complete resection groups. Event free and overall survival rates were compared between two groups using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The ages of patients ranged from 1 month to 81 months, with a median age of 11 months, including 7 males and 15 females. Twenty-nine patients (90.6%) presented with cervical painless mass. The average diameter of the primary tumors was (5.12±1.43) cm. Tumors were located in the parapharyngeal space in 25 cases (78.1%) and in the root of the neck in 7 cases (21.9%). None had MYCN amplification. According to International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS), 15 patients (46.9%) were identified as stage 1, 11 patients (34.3%) as stage 2B, 3 patients (9.4%) as stage 3 and 3 patients (9.4%) as stage 4. There were 12 patients (37.5%) at low risk, 17 patients (53.1%) at intermediate risk and 3 patients at high risk according to Children's Oncology Group (COG) risk classification system. All patients underwent tumor resection. Postoperatively Horner's syndrome occurred in 13 patients (40.6%), pneumonia in 9 patients (28.1%), pharyngeal dysfunction in 8 patients (25.0%) and transient hoarseness in 4 patients (12.5%). At a median follow-up of 36.5 months, the overall survival rate was 96.4%, with no significant difference between incomplete and complete resection groups (100.0% vs. 96.3%, χ2=0.19, P=0.667); the event free survival rate was 78.1%, with a significant difference between the two groups (40.0% vs. 85.2%, χ²=6.71, P=0.010). Conclusions: Primary cervical neuroblastoma has a young onset age, mostly in low and medium risk groups, and represents favorable lesions with good outcomes after multidisciplinary therapy. Less aggressive surgery with preservation of important structures is recommended. Complete resection should not be attempted if it would compromise vital structures.


Assuntos
Neuroblastoma , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(6): 835-840, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725338

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 caused by 2019-nCoV Delta variant (B.1.617.2) in Gansu province, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods: The information of COVID-19 cases, including demographic characteristics, epidemiological history, onset date, diagnosis date, exposure place, detection way and infection source, in Gansu from 17 October to 25 November, 2021 were collected. Software Excel 2016,SPSS 22 and ArcGIS 10.7 were used for data process and analysis. Results: As of November 25, 2021, a total of 146 COVID-19 cases had been reported in Gansu and the epidemic affected 10 counties (districts) in 5 cities. The epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu had three stages: imported case stage,imported-local case stage and local case stage. The age of cases ranged from 1 to 87 years,and the cases in age group 18-59 years accounted for 59.59% (87/146). The male to female ratio of the cases was 1∶1.12 (69∶77). The cases were mainly people engaged in business services (17.12%, 25/146),retirees (15.75%, 23/146),students (13.70%, 20/146),the jobless and unemployed (12.33%, 18/146). In 3 epidemic stages, the cases aged 18-59 years accounted for 44.44%,54.41% and 70.00% respectively,showing an upward trend,and there were differences among different populations (trend χ2=23.24, P<0.001). Also, the incubation period of the cases tended to decrease, and severe cases accounted for 33.33% (6/18), 19.12% (13/68) and 3.33% (2/60) respectively, showing a downward trend. Community screening (25.34%, 37/146) and close contact screening were the main ways to detect cases,the cases detected by close contact screening in 3 epidemic stages accounted for 50.00% (9/18), 66.18% (45/68) and 86.67% (52/60) respectively. The epidemic had obvious case clustering in confined places,and the main exposure modes were living together (24.66%), working/studying together (11.64%), taking same transportation (9.59%) and dining together (9.59%). Conclusions: The COVID-19 epidemic in Gansu was caused by 2019-nCoV Delta variant from imported cases. The virus was mainly transmitted through travel, sharing transportation, dining together and home contact. The characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Gansu changed with time, the case's clinical symptoms were not obvious and the incubation period became shorter. The infections mainly occurred in group aged 18 years and above.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 41: 9603271221097364, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713481

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: MiR-200c plays a central role in glucose metabolism in cancer cells. However, its upstream regulators in this process are unknown. CircRNA CSPP1 (circCSPP1) was predicted to bind to premature miR-200c, an oncogenic miRNA. Therefore, we explored their interaction in osteosarcoma (OS). METHODS: Differential circCSPP1 and miR-200c expression in OS was analyzed using RT-qPCR. Glucose metabolism was analyzed by glucose uptake assay. Subcellular circCSPP1 location in OS cells was detected using cellular fractionation assay. The direct interaction between circCSPP1 and miR-200c was explored using RNA-RNA pull-down assay. The role of circCSPP1 in miR-200c maturation was investigated by analyzing both mature and premature miR-200c levels in OS cells with circCSPP1 overexpression. RESULTS: CircCSPP1 and premature miR-200c levels were increased while mature miR-200c level was decreased in OS. CircCSPP1 was detected in both the nuclear and cytoplasm fractions of OS cells. CircCSPP1 directly interacted with premature miR-200c. CircCSPP1 overexpression increased premature miR-200c level, glucose uptake, and cell proliferation, but decreased mature miR-200c level. MiR-200c overexpression suppressed the role of circCSPP1 in OS cells. CONCLUSIONS: CircCSPP1 promotes OS cell proliferation and increases glucose metabolism by suppressing miR-200c maturation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , MicroRNAs , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glucose , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/genética , RNA Circular/genética
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(3): 490-497, 2022 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status and influencing factors of anxiety tendency among occupational population in China and to examine the joint association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with anxiety tendency. METHODS: The data were from the 2021 Asia Best Workplace (Chinese mainland) program. The Generalized Anxiety Tendency scale was used to assess employees' anxiety status, and Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing anxiety tendency and calculate the odds ratio (OR) within different groups. The OR of sitting for each sitting-physical activity (PA) combination group and within PA strata were calculated to explore the joint association. RESULTS: A total of 11 903 workers with an average age of 32.9 years were included in this study. Among them, 3 562 workers had anxiety tendency (29.9%) and the prevalence of those under 40 years old (30.6%) was significantly higher than the other age group (26.7%). 41.0% of the respondents had the moderated to vigorous physical activity. Their average daily sitting time was 9.4 h, and the percentage of those who exceeded 8 h sitting reached 73.9% in the past week. The analysis of Logistic regression showed that smoking (OR=1.24, 95%CI: 1.23-1.39), longer sedentary time and lower physical activity level were risk factors for anxiety tendency, and longer average daily sleep time (OR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.51-0.61) was a protective factor. The joint association analysis and stratified analysis of physical activity and sedentary behavior with anxiety tendency showed that increased sedentary time combined with decreased physical activity intensity was significantly associated with increased risk of anxiety tendency (range of OR: 1.64-3.14). The threshold for sedentary time in total as a risk factor for anxiety tendency gradually decreased as physical activity intensity increased. CONCLUSION: The anxiety tendency and sedentary behavior among the occupational population should recieve more attention. Lack of physical activity and sedentary behavior are both risk factors for anxiety tendency, and strengthening the intensity of physical activity can attenuate the harmful effects of sedentary behavior on anxiety tendency.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Sono
14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 42(5): 718-723, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic mechanism of tanshinone IIA in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats. METHODS: A total of 100 male SD rats were randomized into 5 groups (n=20), and except for those in the control group with saline injection, all the rats were injected with monocrotaline (MCT) on the back of the neck to establish models of pulmonary hypertension. Two weeks after the injection, the rat models received intraperitoneal injections of tanshinone IIA (10 mg/kg), phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor (1 mg/kg), both tanshinone IIA and PI3K inhibitor, or saline (model group) on a daily basis. After 2 weeks of treatment, HE staining and α-SMA immunofluorescence staining were used to evaluate the morphology of the pulmonary vessels of the rats. The phosphorylation levels of PI3K, protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the lung tissue were determined with Western blotting; the levels of eNOS and NO were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The results of HE staining and α-SMA immunofluorescence staining showed that tanshinone IIA effectively inhibited MCT-induced pulmonary artery intimamedia thickening and muscularization of the pulmonary arterioles (P < 0.01). The results of Western blotting showed that treatment with tanshinone IIA significantly increased the phosphorylation levels of PI3K, Akt and eNOS proteins in the lung tissue of PAH rats; ELISA results showed that the levels of eNOS and NO were significantly decreased in the rat models after tanshinone IIA treatment (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Treatment with tanshinone IIA can improve MCT-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats through the PI3K/Akt-eNOS signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Monocrotalina , Abietanos , Animais , Hipertensão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Monocrotalina/toxicidade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/uso terapêutico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
15.
ESMO Open ; 7(3): 100477, 2022 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the BEACON CRC study (NCT02928224), encorafenib plus cetuximab with binimetinib {9.3 versus 5.9 months; hazard ratio (HR) [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 0.60 [0.47-0.75]} or without binimetinib [9.3 versus 5.9 months; HR (95% CI): 0.61 (0.48-0.77)] significantly improved overall survival (OS) compared with the previous standard of care (control) in patients with BRAF V600E metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Quality of life (QoL) was a secondary endpoint, assessed using validated instruments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BEACON CRC was a randomized, open-label, phase III study comparing encorafenib plus cetuximab with or without binimetinib and the investigator's choice of irinotecan plus cetuximab or FOLFIRI plus cetuximab (chemotherapy control) in patients with previously treated BRAF V600E mCRC. Patient-reported QoL assessments included the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC) and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal (FACT-C). The primary outcome for these tools was time to definitive 10% deterioration. RESULTS: Encorafenib plus cetuximab, both with and without binimetinib, was associated with longer median times to definitive 10% deterioration versus the control group in the EORTC Global Health Status scale [HR (95% CI): 0.65 (0.52-0.80) versus 0.61 (0.49-0.75), respectively] and the FACT-C functional well-being subscale [HR (95% CI): 0.62 (0.50-0.76) versus 0.58 (0.47-0.72), respectively]. Consistent results were observed across all subscales of the EORTC and FACT-C instruments. QoL was generally maintained during treatment for the global EORTC and FACT-C scales. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to improving OS, encorafenib plus cetuximab with or without binimetinib delays QoL decline in previously treated patients with BRAF V600E-mutant mCRC.

18.
Poult Sci ; 101(7): 101875, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544956

RESUMO

B-cell translocation genes (BTG) have been proved to play important roles in carbohydrate metabolism through modifying insulin homeostasis and glucose metabolism. This study, therefore, was conducted to investigate the effects of exogenous insulin on the expression of BTG1 and BTG2 in chickens. Twenty-four-day-old broilers and layers were fasted for 16 h and randomly assigned to insulin treatment group (subcutaneously injected with 5 IU/kg body weight) or control group (received an equivalent volume of phosphate-buffered saline). Blood glucose concentration was measured, and it showed that the blood glucose concentrations in the layers were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that in the broilers under fasting state. Response to exogenous insulin, the blood glucose concentrations were greatly reduced in both breeds. Of note, the blood glucose concentration restored to 62% of the basal state at 240 min (P < 0.05) after insulin stimulation in layers, whereas it was still in low level until 240 min in broilers (under fast state). Tissue profiling revealed that both BTG1 and BTG2 were abundantly expressed in the skeletal muscles of broilers. A negative correlation was observed between blood glucose and BTG1 (ρ = -0.289, P = 0.031) /BTG2 (ρ = -0.500, P < 0.001) in pectoralis, and BTG1 (ρ = -0.462, P < 0.001) in pancreas. As blood glucose decreased due to exogenous insulin administration (under fast state), the expression of both BTG1 and BTG2 notably upregulated in birds' pectoralis at 120 min and/or 240 min, meanwhile pancreas BTG1 was also upregulated. Re-feeding at 120 min elevated the blood glucose and reduced the expression of BTG genes in pectoralis generally. In addition, the change of BTG1 and BTG2 expression showed distinct difference between layers and broilers at 120 min and 240 min after insulin stimulation in pectoralis, pancreas and heart tissue; even after re-feeding at 120 min, BTG2 expression at 240 min after insulin injection was downregulated in the pectoralis of layers, while it was upregulated in that broilers. Collectively, these results indicated that response to exogenous insulin, chicken blood glucose exhibited breed-specific dynamic change, and meanwhile the expressions of both BTG1 and BTG2 genes in chickens were significantly altered by exogenous insulin in a breed- and tissue-specific manner. BTG1 and BTG2 genes may negatively regulate bird's blood glucose by promoting the glucose uptake corporately in pectoralis, and through regulating the insulin secretion in pancreas (especially BTG1).


Assuntos
Galinhas , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces , Animais , Glicemia , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/metabolismo , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/genética , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Insulina , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2975, 2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35624231

RESUMO

We report an unusual pressure-induced superconducting state that coexists with an antiferromagnetic ordering of Eu2+ moments and shows a large upper critical field comparable to the Pauli paramagnetic limit in EuTe2. In concomitant with the emergence of superconductivity with Tc ≈ 3-5 K above Pc ≈ 6 GPa, the antiferromagnetic transition temperature TN(P) experiences a quicker rise with the slope increased dramatically from dTN/dP = 0.85(14) K/GPa for P ≤ Pc to 3.7(2) K/GPa for P ≥ Pc. Moreover, the superconducting state can survive in the spin-flop state with a net ferromagnetic component of the Eu2+ sublattice under moderate magnetic fields µ0H ≥ 2 T. Our findings establish the pressurized EuTe2 as a rare magnetic superconductor possessing an intimated interplay between magnetism and superconductivity.

20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 44(5): 446-449, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615803

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the indications, safety, feasibility, and surgical technique for patients with head and neck cancers undergoing transoral robotic retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) dissection. Methods: The current study enrolled 12 consecutive head and neck cancer patients (seven males and four females) who underwent transoral robotic RPLN dissection with the da Vinci surgical robotic system at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2019 to July 2020. Seven patients were diagnosed as nasopharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, 4 patients were diagnosed as thyroid carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, and one patient was diagnosed as oropharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis before initial treatments. The operation procedure and duration time, intraoperative blood loss volume and complications, nasogastric feeding tube dependence, tracheostomy dependence, postoperative complications, and hospitalization time were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients were successfully treated by transoral robotic dissection of the metastatic RPLNs, none of which was converted to open surgery. RPLNs were completely resected in 10 patients, and partly resected in 2 patients (both were nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients). The mean number of RPLN dissected was 1.7. The operation duration time and intraoperative blood loss volume were (191.3±101.1) min and (150.0±86.6) ml, respectively. There was no severe intraoperative complication such as massive haemorrhage or adjacent organ injury during surgery. Nasogastric tube use was required in all patients with (17.1±10.6) days of dependence, while tracheotomy was performed in 8 patients with (11.6±10.7) days of dependence. The postoperative hospitalization stay was (8.5±5.7) days. Postoperative complications occurred in 4 patients, including 2 of retropharyngeal incision and 2 of dysphagia. During a follow-up of (6.5±5.1) months, disease-free progression was observed in all patients, 10 patients were disease-free survival and other 2 patients were survival with tumor burden. Conclusions: The transoral robotic RPLN dissection is safety and feasible. Compared with the traditional open surgical approach, it is less traumatic and safer, has fewer complications and good clinical application potentiality. The indications for transoral robotic RPLN dissection include thyroid carcinoma, oropharyngeal carcinoma, and some selected nasopharyngeal carcinoma and other head and neck cancers. Metastatic RPLNs from some nasopharyngeal carcinoma with incomplete capsule, unclear border and adhesion to the surrounding vessels are not suitable for transoral robotic RPLN dissection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/cirurgia , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
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